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154854 



umamii t. m. tamou amp aon MtKOU, 85, »ii,i>miw« 



PREFACE. 



pERnAPB the office of a Magazine like ours may be said to be 
twofold ; the one to point out the constant progress of Literature 
uid the Arts, by the exertions of others ; and the other to con- 
tribute itself to their improvement. The former duty is per- 
fonned by due notices of the works published, by accounts of the 
most remarkable and valuable discussions in Literary and Scien- 
tific Societies, and by records of discoveries made known through 
other channels of information. The second duty we are enabled to 
execute through the friendly assistance of our Correspondents, 
who each contribute something to improve their own branches of 
study, and thus, by the juchcious combination of individual eflFort, 
is tlie general structure of literature elevated and enlarged. 

Again, while each one has some favourite walk in literature, 
which he prefers to all others, and which he delights in improvuig, 
and on which the great attention of his mind is concentrated ; yet, 
by a natural curiosity, as well as by the intimate alliance of the 
different branches of learning with each other, he is not wiUing to 
be unacquainted with the progress of other minds, and the con- 
quests that are making on those realms of knowledge which are 
more or less adjacent to his own. To effect this, however, by the 
perusal of all the original works, would be a labour impossible to 
undergo ; and, as a general survey of the map of knowledge is all 
that LB required, the Magazine offers the most ready and available 
means of supplying what is wanted, not only by pointing out the 
progress and direction of the stream, but by marking the objects 
most worthy of attention that are reflected in its bosom. Much 
time is saved, and labour spared, by our curiosity being at once 
rightly directed to the prominent and proper objects, and by 
hnring some faithful and attentive guide in our intellectual pur- 
suits. Tlic more authors that arise, U>e more critics will follow 
in their trahi} if new Magazines and Reviews s\Ait \r^, «& ^^'^ 



PREFACE. 

jly do, we may be sure that there is a copious supply of original 
matter at the fountain head. We hope (to continue the metaphor) 
that those who drink from ours, which is one of tlie oldest water- 
courses that has been made from the general reservoir, will have 
no reason to complain that the channel has been injured by time, 
the supply directed by unskilful or unfaithful hands. We wish 
continue now what we formerly were, and that it may be said 
_of us, as was said of a learned German divine, LuUprandm nun- 
tarn Luitprando dUsimUU/uit. 

S. Urban. 



F Four 
•Vie 



LIST OF EMBELLISHMENTS TO THE VOLUME. 

*,* Tbote marked thas * aro Vignettes, printed with the letter-pren. 

Striodon Church, Gloucestershire . . . . .31 

*SGpuIchrBl Tablets at St. Mar; in the Capitol, Cologne . . 43,44 

•Monumental Tablet to Major-Gen, Thomas Dundas , . . 15.i 

Three Views in Guadnlonpe . . . . . . Io6 

Sjon House, the English Nunnrrr, at Lisbon .... 34* 

•New Front of Crosby Place, in Great St. Helen's . . , 28ti 

limilo of an andcot Drawing of the Conrt of the Pope . , . %!tl 

ocient anchor found in Fleet Ditch ..... 417 
Four figurr4i of Churches showing the difference of high and low chancels . 484 

•View of Blithborough Church, Suffolk .... 4flh 

•Profile of John Britton, F.S.A. . . . . SU 

'Diagrams illustratire of the construction of the Pyramids . i38, 530 

Interior View of Great Mufigrarc Church, Westmorland . . , 571 

cient Grave-stonc found in Fetter Lane .... 639 



INDEX TO POETRY. 



niu. Bride of Meitliis 607 
If c«i« of the Matt 27 I 
'ffiiic Parm 4ui 

lie], from the Author 
, 1 :. 

Htaptu on the E. of Pemlir' 
ril.Svdri>h«inanilGyle«U.ii , 
>uiM >/',/i>n> IHI3, 6(15 
^met I. Porui on liis AcceMtoo366 
^mf alang IC'J 
ty/iuaist, by J. Sciiren SIS 



Pnpnl r\mH, f.sUn Verses on ft7S 

r.i. ir;7 

*• 'fih»fi0ihP.,l(n507 

S.iJ..r ..,. i,,.,.ri, itiO, .3D0, 4»2, 587 

StMf Ifi?. I.^lin»K7 

SimnrI <i> J. /iriltnn Utt 



y Ur/Plfl o/ -ftte^ 



■A I, J I 



THE 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 

JULY, 1843. 
By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gbnt. 




CONTENTS. 

tMOS COBBMl-oypKXCK.— XtooT«'« MagxJalcii — St. M*nric«, Wiadieiter.. 2 

r R A. V fis HORKRB,. .,..,.....,. ,,„ 

iC. 1 PMe.) 

LTWMcrn I'l Fire \Vorshi|) 

I'AnUfti' n — Compurfttivc Cultirntiou uTthc; AxU 

uj f lymus of the Church — Church Miuic — 

Lu. &o 

Mtmmin < r Family — Urigiual lettera relating to the Mutiajr at the 

: V off ComiicrdowB •■••<.•■••.•.•..•■.««.» 9| 

DtK' id Castle ...............a...... 39 

' ■" • ind (he Tortoise • ., 

iirr, &t' 

liy tho Rev. Wm. Haracas, M.A 

bacn on the lli*icriiu.<.'r1lic LanEiuige 4, 

Tahlrt» at St M»i-y in the Capitol, Cologne (wilA Enffratinjfk) ,. .. 
I an Hon. 1< ' mral " — By whom ? By Janitu ?..,..,., .. 

• ricmt: Rr\ ■ > al Talcs and other Poems 

lEW OF NEW II lii.ii VTIONS. 
OB'i Ti'B Tlioimaiid Things relatini; to China, 49; White's History of 
SrltKirMc ; l>j the Rev. Leonard Jcnyna, t'A. ; Fofs'a Grandeur of the 
Laar, rxi; The Lawyer, by O'Brien, 61 ; Dering's Sketches of Haman 
Ufc, ill. ; Morrin'e Nature, a parable, 52 ; Chureli Poetry, .'i.'J j Tomlin- 
•ou'a Lifepf SanclaBega, .14 ; Relton'j Charches, .'55 : Green's Grammar 
t-f the New Testament, 5fi; Hargriive ; or, the Adventures of a Man of 
Fhdiioo, b; Mm. Trollope; the False Heir, by Jamei; and Mitcel. 

laaeouf Reviews 

^B "" TTS.— Royal Com uiission of Fine Art* ; 6! 

H :Y ANn ."SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.— 

^B>r- J; Oxford University, 67; Cambridge University, 68; 

^B ib. : Society of Arts, ib. \ Lord Bcrwick'a Library, 69 ; 

^^ ,ui Millcs. 70 ; Roxburghc Cluh 7 

ARCUITE<:TI RE.— Oiford Architectural Society, 73 ; Norman Tower, Bury, 

^7 i ; Ba\»ri/i. ib. ; New Churches Consecrated 7 
NTIQl-ARIVN RESEARCHES.— Society of Antiquaries, 77 ; Cambridge 
^nr.,,11^,. .1, N ,, ■, (V :y Oxford Ashmolean Society, i£. ; Namiamatic 
lonii B 
ISi — Proreedinga in Parliament, 82; Foreign 
Ne»», fi.i; Uuiiie.'-lic OiLurrcuces 

IPlTHOOtioaa and Prercrincatii. g.i ; Birthi and Marriagra 
OBITUARY 1 'irs of the DaVc of Slanchesler; Earl of Co- 
veiilrr I 1 ..-nvennv ; Lord Forbes ; Lord Fitzgerald and Vcaey ; 
1 He ' " 1; SirGregiiryO. P. Turner. Bart. ; Rear-Adm. Sir 
Ju , Sir R.W'.Vuughan, Bart. ; .SirFranois Sykes.Barl.; 
Sill-.- ,General.I.M.Kerr;Capl.H.C.Peinberton,R.N.; 
R. L. (> ; C. Fysbe Palmer, esq. ; George Henry Carew, 
nq, ; R<: , etq- ; John Allen, e^q. ; Henry Nelaon Coleridge, 
ticj. ; Heuty tioulburn, e»q. ; Mrs. Fairlie ; Robert Fox, esq. F.S.A. ; 
I Rrv. J. W. Niblock, D.D. ; W. II. Pyne. c«q. ; Henry Ihumpsoa, 
tan "■ ■ ■■ I'. Cooper, e»q. ; Wm. 0. Mucklow, cs<|. ; Mr*. Uaven- 

pw M-y 89— IiU 

DsAra*, 1. h .. ... <'ount!e> 101 

TtUc of Morulity in the Mclropolis for May and June— Pricei of Sh«fea — 

Mtrketa. ill; Mitfnr.ilo^ii nl Diaiy— Stocks ,. IV 

\with <■ /" ■■ Chi'rch, near ChcVlenliKn ■, «a4 mWV*. 

pre*i-ui,i /iSAi. CaottsBS AT CoLUtiStL. 





CvDwiTLt writes, — On openitiR the 
June number, I »ee (p. 580). lliiiJ n »n|t. 
gestion of mine is tn-uicd k» « |)lHgiHri»m, 
aoljHrge wliiili I li»»lt-n IoH'|>el. (>ieiTii!.ing 
thut Ibe qiioUIiuii hum EinsiniH ic only 
known to ine tliroiigh Al. U'Auliiitn^, 
J. R. |>ruii>»ince!i niy (««/ uiichiihiablr) 
suggestion of u numeiicHi error in (be 
text ot Enumna, in ihe n<loiMid)iig 
tniinliiT of fiiii« |iH!'l by lirirntio\n> piii'Sto, 
ks borrowed 'torn (lie tiiinf^lMtor. Such 
is not the CHse. 1 li«ve never even seen 
the ti-MM'.hition to wbii-li he referw, vxeept 
in Ihe thiril rulunie, where»« he refers to 
the first. .Vlr, Kell)'s Imnslulion, whivb 
1 )K>s<«e!iS, but wliirh i^ printed in another 
form, bus no tninslHior's note on the pisa- 
age. As 10 the words, "to rniltiugly 
produced," yciit readers will Icnow how 
to Dt'prei'iute ttiem ; nor do 1 wub to 
ofTeiid ngniiist couriesy, by the loo ensy 
means ol retort. Aliiii is indeed a con. 
(tructionpiiltingcrenture ; but the faculty 
belongs to bis vices, rather than his 
virtues. 

J. T. M. remnrks with respect to ibe 
name of Mnnsel, thnt Willmin Mnnsel, 
esq. wbo died Deeeitiber llth, ljil,is 
buried in York .Minster. — In Prior's Life 
of Burke, and in Hsidimiin's History of 
Oiilwiiy, the nuitie ol liolpbin (Mill 
re«peetjbly known in Loiiglircu), occurs 
frequently. The name is found in the 
Saxon Chronicle, ad. an. lODit, where it 
it said that William Kurus,wben be went 
to Carlisle, and built the castle there, 
■' drove out D'lltin, who bad before 

governed that country." (M- '' 

linii-l.ilion, p. V.'ii. In ili. 
index heis «(ylrd Warden ol ' 

Canova's " Magdalen," which tunned 
part of the irnllerv of ihe Info wenlihv 
Spni 
by. 

184,;. ■■.■, ...■ >•■ >. ■ ,1,- 

purcbaser is aaid '. ' >iikv de 

Sarraglia, who. it ii iii to re- 

move ibc JUantlaltn to Italy. ,\t the 
nic of the Marrpiis dc Snmmarivii's 
Rail' '>, M. Aguadv paid 

for ' 

]• ...i.p 1 ..J .. 

thu' 

m M // 



the bnnds of the Atheninn populace. 
The tiiet is adduced by Vr. (fillies in his 
Hinory of the World, chnp. 7, Irom the 
Life of Uemirtriiis by LMogcnes Laertius ; 
and, in limes when men of laleiil are apt 
to be led KWiiy by pO|iular sentiments, it 
is not unworthy ot nolier. 

The lulluwiiig rernarknble entry oceu 
ill one ol ihe old icgister Imoki ol Si 
ftliiiirlre, Wiiii'h''»ier. '• lOH, Chiirli 
Eburiie Cler: being shod thro, dyed thi 
Same nii;ht at (.'hcistopher Hu»«ey' 
Genii and one ol the Aidernieii ol till 
Ciilie nl Winion. Also James Mings 
and Richard Shovelei' ; all three woundei 
togellier In the Soake )iy L'xsl liate, 
dyed that night, beingc lhe9lh ol Decern: 
and wesre buried the Idili nut ot the 




<;: 



iVlLLM, 



Uecr.' 



(np|iiirenlly) has added, 

rivills." 1 he old church ol St. Maurice 



A laier band 
\it malum belli 



C'LUN. 

has been pulled down in \iiM), nnd a new 
one rather larger has been erteted on the 
same site. It was formerly collegiate, 
wilh regular clergy ntluclied, and a most 
venerable parish church. The |it,rrh 
was of handsome Norman workmanship. 

" Can any reader iiilurm me whether 
there exists any engiaved portrait of 
Mallet the poet. I have never been able 
to meet with one." P. T. 

P. GUI The storm in which lite 
steeple of Kxtuii ehuirJi »Aa struck wilh 
lighining look plwv nu ihe Sjlb of 
A|jiil, iiol Ihe iind ol May. 

June. |i. 6(U, the Rev, 
M^'i.'tor ol IliilsiiH, 'i 
red OH ol Si. . 

It iiiu'1.1 |.i lir.v 



Wiuiiglcr, iTiUt bcncc 
-e. 

- ■' -iiiere in 

■ In 
.'Jl7 



ipnl 
In 



Richard 



i 



page- 

t'. N\i.. 
3. Ncp. t 



L Aiitail. 



A--a 
twe ^it. 



i c/ <Xi'a{ cmiuiMl p^ttiMt^ «i 



"HE 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 



Jfoaotr* mrf CorrttponieiKt of Franeix Horner, E»q. Edited by hi* 
Brother, Leonard Horner, Esq. 2 vol*. 

80 well lias this work been exccnted thwl wc can BGircely repret the 
Eiilare oftbc previous attempts to coinposo a biogrupliicnl memoir of Mr, 
Horarr, nbcu tbc mntcrials collected for tbe subject bad been tiiircesKively 
tBtniated to tMoof bis intimate friends,* ivbo were botb prevetiled, by 
pnfcMioii '. from executing tbe task, Mhicb otherwise the 

datiei ai><i <>r past friendsliip would bave made tliem eager to 

tocept. Mr. Leoiinrd Horner has, however, Judiciously adopted a plan of 
ki'ln i> liicb must surpass, in the fidelity of the likeness, the most de- 
lied touches of any other hand, ns much as tbe reflection of 
cc in tbe clear and transparent mirror docs the strongest 
Mhiirc by the painter's baud. He lias adopted tbe plan sugi'ealed 
in tbe memoii of Sir .Samuel Kooiilly, — selecting and arranging the 
wttUoDtic and original materials collected, abstaining himself from com- 
kt ■ -■< -' — rk, and giving little or nothing but what bad been written 
^•f tbe biography, or by one or other of bis correspondents ; 
Liy .1 careful selection from the coi rei«pondence and journals of bis 
tnd bv the addition of a few pages at the conimeticement and 
^■ed by filling up occasional blanks in the narrative, he baa made Mr. 
Br liim«rlf narrate the history of bis life. As he litnilcd bis work 
'. be has given, be informs us, not more than a third of the 
■ rg he |>o»8Cb*ef, only a small part of those of bis corre- 
ipODiJt:iilii, and a certain portion of extracts friini the journal. In most 
thin would have been judicious, for an overlo.ided and encumbered 
Mam]>by of ordinary persons is one of the evils of the age, and the ad- 
dhaMl of a tliird \oluiuc would scarcely be desirable ; but so valuable, in 
(lie prCMot iustauce, aix- tbe materials wliicb furin the narrative, so illus- 
H *tc the names of the persons that occur, so important the events 
'ipd and the opinions that are discussed, that, when the work 
Lond edition, we hope to gee some enlargciueiil of it, es- 
ily ill the journal, wbicb we consider to be a very valuable record o^ ' 
ri.,, ,.i„„. .,f nn individual mind, and of the formation of principles of' 
luted lo !«.' of service as an example to others who are com* 
• •! progress in life with nn ambition as pure and honourable 
ai>d upriglit *(. Mr, I loruer's was. The life of « man of very exalted genius — 
' ■ ' lieirn of fume— is, as it were, a brilliant vision, n thing 

ition, awakening powerful trains of emotion and syin- 
iiKl, but too little connected with onr own wore nontraeted 
1 hunibirr principlex of action to be of service to us as a guide ; 
iile, too remotely on us. Fires, like its own, can be 
1 breasts ; it rises before us in enchanting yet be- 

• W« pretame tiitt Mr. Jelfrtf {« one of (be (riendt aUaded to,>-^rtM \3at «S!aK \»» 
■^ h aac mentituted, wa do aot kaow. 



Memoirs mill Cut retpoiideiicc of Ffanci* HotMr. 



[July. 






\ 



wilderiag splendour — astonishes and dazzles us with its uncertain move* 
luent and its unwonted light, and then it blades on in its progress iu a 
path too remote for us to reach, and with a brilliancy wc find it diflicDlt to 
endure. The creations of the highest genius are made for the admiration, 
not the imitation, of ordinary minds. It is from others of another and i^h 
difTcrent clas.s that we can obtain mlcs for our instruction and guidance-^H 
knowledge such as we can adopt and employ — principles we can under- 
stand and associate with our own. It is in this point of view that we 
consider the work before us as one of no common value. Mr. Horner ap- 
pears to have been gifted with a very clear and vigorous understanding — 
this Was Nature's dowry lo him — all beside he achieved out of this fo4" 
himself, and no one but will peruse with interest the steps which led 
such early maturity of mind, and to such rapid accumulations uf select and 
valu.ible knowledge. It will be seen that he had the .idvantngc of cxccfi 
lent instruction in his youth, that he was placed, when he i|nitted the 
parental roof, under those who guided his progress with attention and 
nkill — that he lost no time in unnecessary and unconnected |nirsuits — that 
he never lingered in those bye-ways and pleasant nouks and paths o£- 
literary amusement that have been so fatally seductive to many, — that h<r 
was never entangled among the " di/Tieiles nugtc " of a too curious and an| 
wieldy erudition, — that he was never lost in those devious ways that i| 
every direction are intersecting the vast map of knowledge, — that he did 
not suffer himself to cast anchor and become becalmed by the tr;inquil nnd 
alluring enjoyment of some inferiorpursuit : and that he escaped, by strcngtT 
and determination of purpose, those reductions which have paralyse 
the efforts of so many minds, .ind consigticd to oblivion names worthy of a 
better fate. But he seems early lo have seen licfore him the arduous and 
honourable path he designed to traverse, .ind t/) have taken the means to 
attain success. The broad and massive foundati<m on which his t.y8t<ra of 
education was laid, that was to fit him for all the purposes of his futur 
life, an<l the great extent of those studies which, however apparently rc4 
mote, all |K>inted to and united in the same end, may be seen in n passagAj 
ID his journal.*^ 



I of 

'1 



It is not with a view, however, to 
nathematical Icnowlrdge metrly. or even 
to a future iiitiinncy nith plijrsioal science. 
that I have resolved to place myself under 
Mr. Playfair; but a: forming a necessary 
part of that survey, in whicli I linvc oc- 
caiiunolly been employed for two or ttirce 
years |iatt, of the gcneml field of the 
Bcirnreft, and ol ;' ' ' " iIs Ihof 

are »uileil In mr The 

study of Lord ll.i, ...,. > ;(ill up. 

pcnnosi in my mind, and that willi an 
.Itiiuate and steady viewtownrda the plii- 

It was in this manner that with his uLrung nnd extensive understand^ 
tng, and under a systeui uf welUdiiCcted study, vigoiously imrsued] 
lie was able, iu the very couimenceiueiit of his public career, to distiuguisi 
kiniself by his extcnHi^c and uccuralc knowlc^lgc, by his sound judgment 
Mid clear and convincing clurjucncc \ when to these aic added tfaj 
jaalitics which gave thciu double force, the onbcnding integrity wbiclj 



loaophjr of tegitUtion. Tlie ealcvlm of 
ftKxionn and I he Ihrory of eioTf *, may ap^ 
fiear remote ennvgh from tueh an otijecti 
but my intention is Iu get a knotrlcdg 
only of the instrument, and of the pria 
cjples upoD which it workf. not to lean 
the manuDi nnd ready Uftc of it. It is i 
H chapter in Ihr great lyetcm of logic till 
I with to understand the truusceq ' 
geometry i and il is with my eyeSI 

tllinn tlir Ithilotfophy of )>otitiC4 

<t alway* been stodylng tlil^ 



• Sl^e rol. i, p. W. 



^^SB!^^^^Bmbtrt and Comtpondeiice of Francis HorntrT^^^^^^s 

I Wi opponents ackiiowleHged, nnd on wliich \\h friends relied, the iiide 
kpcD<icDce, tbc (inccrity, tlie temperance and moderation of his conduct, 
I the inode«ty with which be bore his facnlties, and the gentleness nnd be- 
I ncrolcticc which in private and social life seemed to bind him to nil around 
I in tic8 of the Icnderest nfTccfion and regard. — we must acknoH-ledge that 
la character more worthy of esteem has not been often displayed to the 
1 that, if there is anything in the force of example which cau 
•linl virtues in the breasts of others, it may be ])resumcd uot 
il^-^'O ' " i' ^'""'^ ''''(^ \\i\s, wliere the voice of commendation has 

'iBHilft I' 'i"^< ^o independent, and so unanimous. 

FVancis Hofucr was the i-ldest son of Mr. Horner, a merchant of Ediu- 

bwgk. aitd of Jonnnn Dnillie. He wm lK>rn in that town on the 12th 

Aof^oft, 177H. hi l7vS(i he went to the High School at Edinburgh, and 

«ru phuxd successively under the care of Mr. William Nicol and Dr, 

I Alexander Adam .* the former will known as the convivial companion of 

Bom.v, nod the Utter distinguislied for his classical learning, and esteemed 

I for his amiable disposition. In November 1792 he was matriculated as a 

utadeDt uf the University of Edinburgh. 

I "Tbst Fcminnrr," say* Ilia biographer, tliat of mathemntici, by John Piajrfair ; 

f" ma; be <- been then at the or natural philosophy, by John Robison ; 

Uirifbt ot n : Uobcrlson. the of chemistrj. by Joseph Black ; of Greek, 

■MpriMi. i| .1 . (h! iii..ti5 hv Andrew Dnlzel ; and of rhetoric, by 

^^>r' ' "^t tUc Rev. Dr. Hugh Blair; while, io the 

^^^■euulii:il ri.i:ii'.^ ii. :.: .. iii ' : '.nt- medical school, anatomy was taught by 

^^^^^^kftt period. The r.lmir u! oikikI the second Alexander Monro, and the 

^^I^^Pgt wa» filled by Otii^ald Stewart : practice of pbytic by James Gregory." 

f Honipr remained at College nntil the close of the session of 1 795, but 
bcir vived nf a time of life when it was necessary to think of his 

fttti ' I'ln, nnd having fixed on the " bar," and as it was desirable 

that '■ be freed from the disadvantages of a provincial dialect, it 

i«-»i mI that he should prosecute his studies in England ; and he 

M»n» tnci»t fortunate In the choice of his master when he was placed under 
the r^t. of (111- Kev. .lohn Hewlett of Shachlewell near Hacfeney. Here 
Ibcc shoMCtl a very early maturity of understanding — read with 

Igrca: ...,,^c and discrimination, and made an unusual progress in the 

acquirement of knowledge. His letters at this period are such as few 
I bi>yi of nineteen could write, and he already showed a considerable ac- 
luuainlaocc with subjects that are little familiar to persons, however stn- 
[dioas, at that age. In 171*7 he returned to Edinburgli, became, with his 
I friend Henry firongham, a member of the Speculative Society, nnd pursued 
Ihif'' ■ "ill exemplary diligence and success. Ifi 1799 he made the 

I rail lint.-mcc of Kord NVcbb Seymour, brother of the Duke of 

■1 of a very philosophic mind, and of great and vaiiuus 
.1 science and learning. |- A journal, minulc and acca- 
ltf|d|^M dclaiU, informs us uf the nature and extent of Mr. Hornci's 
^^l^l^hich were ontiiciently extensive to reach from nu'taphysics to 
^^Ky; and f; :il economy to chemistry and geology. He re.id 

PIBi great nil ' "U de Augm. Scicntiae as his guide and master in 

fall philosophical pursuits, as eontaiimig the most prolound nnd conipre- 

I * S«« his iketch of Dr. Adam's character, voL ii, p. U. 



Menoiti and Correipondenee of Franeit Horner, 



[July, 



b«utive views, and u the work of all others which opens the moat tpleodid 
and extensive prospect over all the realm of science and human Icaniing. 
About this time (1801) be writes in his journal. 



^ 



" Neither in pliiloiiopby nor in law 
b»ve I prosfcnted any regular object of 
epplicatioa. I hive, as ubukI, indulged 
ajrtelf io all the rereries of future schiere- 
meat, future acquiaition, future fame ; 
poetry, romautir philosophy, ambition, 
and vonlty conspire to infatuate roe in 
this obliriuQ of the present ; and amid 
thia viiioDsry iotoxication I almost feel 
the powers of actual exertion sink within 
mc. In justice to myself, however, I 



ought to note, that these speculations al 

dreams scarcely ever consist in the rejd 

sentation of external hononr* fo he eaf 

joyed, hut in the ' 

of action, in tin. 

of variou; scicnci: i. . 

jcctcd improvements 

powers, and in the sysli - 

this acquired knowledge and of these I 

proved faculties to one great and commf 

end," &c. 



In another part of the jonrnsl wc find him |)aying a high tribute of 
praise, but not more high than just, to a work which wc always considered 
to be one which may be advautageoosly studicil, not only with reference 
to the particular art on which it treats, but to all others connected with it. 



" Next to the writings of Bacon (he 
writes), there is no book which has more 
powerfully impelled me to revolve these 
scntiinenti than the DifconnM of Sir 
Joshua Reynolds. He i> o ' ' 
men of iceniua who have o 
inform the world of the * 
greatness is attained; the '. 
sense and clearness with will I 
the terrestrial and human uttiiliutes ul 
that ivhirb is usually called inspiration. 

Again, he says, 

" WTiile I had Rurlie in one hand, 1 
held in the other Sir Joshua Keynolds's 
Discourses, endeavouring to apply to mt/ 
Alt the admirable criticisms which hn de- 
livers upon painting. I have constantly 
referred to the liberal precept* which he 
urgea with regard to the study and imi- 



and the confidence' with which he asserts 

the omnipotence of human labour, have 

the effect of familiarising his reader with 

the idea that grnina is an acquisition 

' I than n gift; while with all Ibis 

it hlenili'd »i> natumlly and to elo- 

V the most i-leval«d and pasvionale 

.ilitin (>r exccllrnce, arid of all ||m 

u Lions of true genius, that upon ltl« 

nhulr there is no book of a more injtam- 

maturi/ effect." 



Oitiwn (if tlie great masterv ; and I repO 
Willi confidence on the idea, that 
general rules of excellence in nil the i 
are the same. Rj-ynolds himself informs 
us, that he rcoeivcd lessons on painting 
from con%'ersatioDa with Johusoo on 
poetry." 



In 180'J be came to I/ondon, having resolved to practise at the English 
bar; wrote for the E^linbiirgh Review,* then commenced (Nov. 18(121 
increased his arqnaintnnce with the society of persons of talent and knoif 
Icdgr, spoke before n Committee of the Honse of C'oininunt), upplied dill 
gently to the study of law, and attended the debates in I'nrliainent. lu 
the next year he describes himself .ts speaking before the Chancellor 
the Honse of Loi-ds on some subjoot of Sidtch law ; and in 1806 he 
ceptcd, at the rcrpiesl of Lord Minto, a scat at the Uonrd of ('ominij 
sioners to adjnat the rLiims of the creditor* i«f the Nnlwb of Areof , a w 
kut by the ri-si|in«ti<in of .\lr. Hydcr. and lir lind »' 

; the line of pttrlinmcnfnry ciindurt he iutenileil fr> p 
be offered to liim 



obji... 



L_^ Sw ao ■reoant of (he rvceptiaa by tlu public of tlie Jlrtt No. of tlda It«Ti»w, 
^^ ^/Mr, Uoner, roJ. L p. iOS. 



temoirf mid CorretponJenee of Fraiicit Florner. 



lilac ' iheim* 

» - - -■■ - ; jl.ioD,re- 

lu »«, taii la thvM I have lome 



• I. becausft « ip-Fiit R«M 

re one in ihc pn 
ilie conntrjr," 



H« aL«. 



■^"Constit' -nv " as n [inrliaiiientury discussioiiij 

111 of wliii ; lie lunibliii'il iiccuinpligliirieiits of ftl 

■wySTki. 11, and Ills ambition was to contiect Ills nani4J 

witkaiW" inches nf public bnBiiip««. Iti the end of lliii 

ytwiM was returntii to farliamenl for St. Ive's. which he owed to thofrieiid- 
•kip af Lord Kinuaird. He eat till April, when i'arlinincitt wag di«fiolvcd, 
MM Itc <pnke only twice, and then brictly. In July he was elected, by tha 
|isbip of l.oid ('arriiigtoii, for the buruuirh of VVendover ; lie wiis theHj 
■"JIHU year. lli» next Rpeech* wa» a defence of Mr. Uurke from 
by Mr. U'illiain Diindas on the oobjert of " OfToncea in rcver»ion." 
On a kabjrct winch in i8i)ri mneh agitated the public tuind, and affected 
Ui« cUaracUr of one uf the princeR of the blood, Mr, Horner thus ex* 
liimivlf : 



I- 
ft* '. 
U 

ttnacui I' 
Loris will acq.' 
looked B|wn hv 
MHeA tEl' 
*• altorb. 



■idcr the impcs<-hment of 

K >ir thi* H')i;<r of f onu 
•u- 

'f 

I >u>^- of 

v>ill be 

- - - .^ .iiig oon- 

nod ibffti you have 

l<<ct, of an entire 



popular ctTorta before the Crown, or K] 
dtrtaoi'i'atlciil miarctiv of wbit^h no uia 
CAU tee the end. I think tbese are ilia- 
lioct |>nblu: grounds upon wbicb tbe 
Uou«K of Coiiiuioiis jlioMld rrfu<!e (o iiD« 
)H'acU llic Duke ; becnusc the riescnl 
ca^i: Is one, nut for punishment, hut fof^ 
future diftrust and immediate removnL 
both fi'oui tlie natur* of the evblenec, ■»(( 



of aU public o|Hnion aad tliU isor« from llieraDkofthepctauii," tec. 

Ulien Parliament met in January li'^IO Mr. Horner commenced hif 
pinipiry into the nllef(ed dcprei intioii of bank-notes, which lie afterward^ 
' t with great ability and knowledj^e ; it wag this mca» 
' him into general notice as a member of the llonseJ 
klikh wi< 'iitly evinced when the public attention was dl 

to ttte and difTlciilt subject of the currency. In May lift: 

0(1 ■ it of the notices of actions sent by Sir Francis Burdctt, 

it.iry pricilege. llo aUo took part in the iulcrc!itin((| 
ebatca oil the tleKency, and in January of the next year, 1811, Lc wafj 
offered, by Lord Grenville, then forming a new admini^tiiition, the situa- 
tiou of one ol the secretaries of the Treasury, which he declined accepting. 
I,..,- lull however, room to pursue, with any minute detail, the course 
|tJ^i I's pfirlinincntary career. The two great subjects ou which 

'<ni;uishcd for his knowledge, and the application of sound 
ing, were the questions of thn currency and the corn 
ir'i. lio visited Scotland, and enjoyed the society of those^H 
|frirodi will) whom he was connected in early life, as Prof. D. Stewart, anif^H 
. (;. U'ilson, and others. In April )H13 he was returned for St. Mawc'sT^^ 
frota this time he began to take a more active part in the general dc- 
In the August of the foilowitig year he went on a 
)ur with his brother and Mr. S. A. Muriay. In No- 
'. and Eueukiiii; on several occasions in the Hoi 



Mptciatl . 



of the reviaal of the civil anil military estubli!>h> 



• Mr. Uorair oenr pablitbed hit tpecdw*. oar (XOtpt on l«o o««aiiitj»«»,«(\r 
ftrportv/tnroflbcui. 



Oil 



Memoirs mid Correspondence of Frnncit Horner. f July, 

bents, u|ioii a system of rigid economy, and on the formation of sncli a 
finance cittablislitneut as iniglit relievo tlie finances of llie country. He 
followed Sir James Maciiitobli and ^ir Samuel Romilly in a speech which 
produced great effect on the treaty of peace signed at Vienna in 1815. On 
the -.ith of June he addressed the Mouse for the last time in the cau8S, 
religious liberty and of Ireland. Mr. Horner followed Mi'. Canning i 
s|>eech in favour of emancipation. It was aiinost immediately snbseqiici 
to this that we hear for the first time of his illness, — symi)toin» of a pul- 
monary aflTection appeared, ivhicli conld not be arrested, thongli it appeared 
in so indefinite and indistinct a form as to jwrplex his medical advisers 
and encourage hopes of his recovery even to the last. In the autumn he 
was living at Dryden, near Edinburgh, but by the ailvite of Drs. Oregory 
and Hamilton and others, they advised that the approaching winter shoiild 
be passed in the softer climate of Italy. On this plan both Doctors Warreu 
and Baillie agreed. His brother, the author of these volumes, accompanied 
him abroad. Pisa was selected as the most suitable residence in pre- 
ference to Rome, where he. arrived in the end of November. Thoagli 
very weak, and suffering from poluionary attacks, he was able to read, to 
form new and enlarged plans of study, to corrcsjrond with his friends in 
England, to discuss (he policy of government, and to urge the ncces- 
Bity of measures of finance suited to the oltereil situation of the country. 
On the 4tli of February he wrote an account of lii» henllli to his father, 
in which he made a favourable report of himself ; the remainder of the me- 
lancholy history wc must abridge from the words of his brothers narra- 
tive. Air. Horner at no time, not even to the last, apprehended that hi» 
disease was likely to Ik- fatal. Indeed he looked forward with confidence to 
renovated health, and spoke of not liciug able to resist a visit to Home ])rc- 
vions to his return, but his feelings of returning health were an illusion, bit 
disease was fast approaching its fatal termination, and in four days from 
the date of the letter mentioned lie breathed his last. W'v shall pass o' 
the very nfllieting details of his lust attack, and only mention that on 
examination of the body by Dr. Vaccii, an eminent Italian physician who 
attended him, it was discovered th.-it his disease was not ooiisuinptiun, bi 
nil enlargement of the air-cells, and a condensation of the substance of 
lungs, which the sagacity of Dr. Baillie had suggested a« the probal 
cause of the worst symptoms, — a malady which no medical skill conld hare 
cured.* 



»IIT« hi* l>fOtllM. 
Jilltl 

Oti 
I rc- 

nov . cc- 

niftt wcAtliei' ot spring m tuat cUmailr. 
Mt tiroiliRr'n cliccrfuhifM, liii> &ctiTltjr of 
tnind, and sbsencr of ull ftlirinaboiilhiDi- 



" Notwilhst:ini1inf .' 
"thv «y 
their loi: 
appv .,, 

«1.- 



Mlr, had dcliidrd mr in(n thta brlicf ; nor 

hiid any wnruiitL- n of his nrut^ 

mid wntchfiil |'i pared me for 

Ihe nnlilru mi'l ■ tiichfell 

upon iiif, nci^iii' ill that 

my iin:;iM;i.ili.it ■ , of 

the h •  



We shall now make a few extracts fioiu the ioumal and corresponH 
which at the same time that they exhibit Mr. Horner's power of di 
nation in the observotion of characters, and tlie correct estimate he f<M mvw 



1 



• Hi* dijirnnr wns rood' 
eiUot Ihm Ihrrr urn only 
rdJJerfinn* wtlh tthirUOi. lirnlUc v.a* 
'nir laemiff of oh'tturliou of the luiijji. 
/ 



I hr iiMinriliNtr ('An»>i* c<r drfl 



' and Corrttpondenee of FrnncUi Homer, 

taleota and acquirements of those vrith whom he lived n^ill convey 
be »li]l more pleasing impression of llie warmth and sincerity of his friend« 
liip. and the pkasurc tvliich he derived from the enlightened society into 
ihich be M-as so cailv a.duitti'd. 



" Thii da^ I dined at tlic King of 
Qnbf, which mred iiKniiliIr »t the Crown 
ud Aucbor ia . >~ 

WkUuur, A 
he. Suit!. 

The COBICrwiti" 

tdiiefly 



The com. 

i^h, Romilljr, 

. SUarp, Scarlett, 

t come to town. 



manly and liberal philoaopb;-. Thii (tyle 
of conversation it, no doubt, attended at 
first with great difficulties : but tbc whoW I 
re&ieincnt of lociul intercourse oonsiita 
in the impoiition of restraints ; all im- 
provement i9 nothing but the rcmonil of 
' ■■ ''»; and perfection Is merely a re- 
rill, to express Ibe ereiiter num- 
ililticulties which it remains for ut 
to surmount. (These general rctlectionf 
1 bftvB here thrown out, because ' the ide« 
of a perfect ronversation ' has been very 
naturally tiiggestcd to my fancy by the 
scenes nt which I have lately been a spec- 
tator ; further rellection may enable me 
to decide how far my present Idea is cor- 
rect, and farther obeerv'ation to pronounce 
whether it ia practicable.) I shall only 
remark farther in this place that between 
Sharp and Mackintosh, for example, ther« 
seems to me too much of ostentation with 
respect to canons of criticisms, Ike, ; as If ] 
they lived too much together ; as if they 
belonged to a kind of sect ; or as if there 
was something of compromise between 
Iheio. Their principles of criticism and 
taste appear lo me quite just, and formed 
very much tipou the French school ; Ha,- 
cinf and Virgil, the models of poetical 
composition, and Cicero, the prince of 
prose writers ; at the same time they do 
not carry tJie principles upon which this 
judgment is founded to that cold and 
dull extreme, which limits all excellence 
to correctness, and allows no relish for 
the wildness of untamed imagination, or 
the flights of cxtrnvagnnt eccentric genius. 
I rather apprehend that they even suffer 
this indulgence a little farther them Is 
cjnite consistent with the other ruling 
princijile : their admiration of Bnrke, for 
example, is nut ({ualiHcd enough ; and 
their appetite for the nervous or flowing 
passages lluit may with toil be detected in 
the obscure folios of some of our old 
English writers, ' apparent rari nantet in 
gurgite rasto,' betrays unquestionably a 
palate not fully gratified with the milder 
relish of chastened eiceUeoce." 

A tecond party of nearly the same persons which he met, a few days 
«nb*C(}Qcntly, enabled Mr. Horuer to give some additions) touches to hit 
^cturc 




«f autl]_ ;. _ ._ 

had been uught to expect a very 

tcrnr - h displnr of argument. 

II ,1 intellectual 

I)' less perma- 

IV nil- lime more 

This c.Tprct;itimi wiis not an* 

Tisrilr. -i- I nm given to under- 

"'C of Smith, and 

•• of Romtllr, who 

, "; .1 

Imim. I iM.iv r.TK'' n«nu:c »«i one or 

tvo paiticnltr* wlijch etraek me as the 

■»tlc itftctt of this day's con- 

ion. There was too little of present 

' ( the memory alone was put to 

no efforts of original ptodurtion, 

by imagination or thr r(-rir<omug 

ill '• ' ■ ^ ,„, «„ 

roceed 

pt ;..... , — int dis- 

«atd of seotunenl, for upon the funda- 
iiiwilol doctrines in religion and politics 
1^ whole rompany were certainly iiiassed 
lo the same tide : neither could It arise 
lir«B a wsal of difference in opinion, in 
4adaeiiOM birther remuvrd from Rrst 
priniplM ) that can never be the case 
wilk powerful andrrstandiugs that have 
\mBL sepmtfly rniplojed; 1 can only 
r, therefore, from 
' taste Iti convcrsa- 
■ '\'Z that 
■iou of 

in that 

'lion of well- 
r iniiwl in .I 



fSflai' 

■aari 
Mum. r'->i 
tb* can did. 
OfitBlans, U :.. 
ena be glvan to i 
ulneslri! men : 



Of dl 

Hen 



oi lno^e nanus wnicn ifirni us tC' a 



t iliiird >i) >f r. Komilly's, and mot a 
< many great ma- 
^h rflect : llrthna 



"L. -\,\. 



Mackintosh and Smith assrtoiale lozelher 
so much, their line of o'; ' dif. 

fercnl ; and thr former <;« t>» 

Ilia own talents (or d\»r.\Buvb auii (^^ctrvf 
tive coQvcitaVtQu, vbeu ^e t<i\cm 

c 



Memoif$ and Correspondence of Francis Horner, fJuly, 



I 



out of tlieir vra; to an imtUtion of Smith's 
imutoess and |>oint and sarcasm. The 
conreriation of Roinilly and Wilson (ip- 
pcan to be quite different from cither of 
tbow two ; never indicating a design to 
diipUjr, but flowing from the abundance 
of enlightened, refined, and richly in- 
formed undcrFtandingB. The consequence 
of all this ycitcrdny was, that no one 
had a full unrestrained course, and the 
oonversation was made up of occasional 
efforts by all, in which each seemed fet- 
tered by the presence of the rest. All 
this, however, is only in comparison of 
the expectations I had raised ; for the 
scene was quite new to me, and was un- 
questionably distinguished by great talent. 



If I were to describe th» merit of en'-'i liv 
a single word, I should say thnt S 
fhows subtlety, Smith promptilmli 
kiiitosb copiousness, and Romilly rttiiic- 
rocnt. I mention in Romilly this dis- 
tinguishing character, both because I have 
!ieen in him a remarkable degree of soft- 
ness and elegance, and beoauie I 
r,ilher hurt by n want of sentimental dd 
racy in Mackintosh and Smith. U|l 
the whole, BoliMt is altogether the 
of despotic talent in conversation thati 
has always been described to me ; be hi 
something of despotic manner too ; hit 
physiognomy, of which the forehead 
admirable, indicates both." 



The next chnrncter that appears is of a different kind. 



" This afternoon and evening were 
spent in the very agreeable comjiany of 
Sydney Smith, Playfair, Alison, and 
Greathead. It is the first time 1 have 
met with Aliton, and I am quite lakcn 
with his conversation : he a])pears to mc 
to possess a fund of diversified and mis- 
cellaneous information, nod to have gra- 
dually formed the acquisition not only 
with the vigour of an original ond reflect- 
ing mind, but with the li'uipcr of n mind 
happily harmonised, and free fi vin all the 
•hackles of theory as well as of prejudiio. 
This information is likewise communicated 
not only witi) the most unafTcrtnl ease, 
and with an air of perfect liberality and 
candour, but with a mixed sensibility and 
pleasantry which 1 have seldom seen so 
well blended together. If I should be 
fortunate enuugh to become acquainted 
with Alison, I persuade myself Ids con- 
versation would contribute to the melior- 
ation of my character. NVhcn 1 recollect 
the lights which my understanding has 
received, and the amendment which my 
taste and passions have undergone from 
the society and convcrsotion of a few men 
with whom I have chiefly associated of 
late years, — Hewlett, Allen, Lord M'. 
Seymour, Smith, Murray, tiC. — 1 cannot 
hesitate to decide, that I have derived 
more iolelleitual ini| ' Troni thetn 

than from all the ' i !• turned 

over. Their influen., . . n the more 
bene£iaal that each has produced a dif- 
ferent effect ; so that what I have rrccivrd 
in the form of habit or sentiment from 
ooe has not only been enftircrd by what 
the TCTt conlribuljd, bul corrected also 
whore there was any drgrc« "f rxcisj." 
~ II \ II r . 

•' Thiii raorr ^haip, has 

farred uit tosi iiial. Ho 

Is a TTTj rxtraordtuary waji ; 1 litv* wen 



so niDch of him lately, that 1 deter 
every day to see more of him, as much 
I possibly can. H is great snbject is i 
ticiani. upon which he always appearfl 
mc original and profouud ; what I h| 
not frequently oli!<crved in combinatia 
be is both subtle and feeling. Nexti 
literature, the powers of his underttan' 
ing, at once ingenious and plain, show 
themselves in thejudgmcot of characters; 
he has seen much of the great men of 
last generation, and he iippears to h| 
seen them well. In this pailicutar, " 
conversation is highly inlrresting; fn 
his talent of |nuntiog by iiicideuts ad 
minute ordinary features, he almost car- 
ries you back to the society of those great 
|>ersonagcs, and makes )0o live for a 
uiomeul ill their presence. lie lias paid 
much attention I o metaphysics also, and 
appears to me to praioc the best books, 
with the exception of Hartley, whom boti 
he and Mackintosh admire extreiii4~ 
though in Scotland we are prohibited I 
reading him by the contempt with wh 
he is spoken of. I must read him. 
I shall toke iiiony otlirr opi ■■f"'i'' 
writing about Sharp. We i 
title. pagtx in his room. I i 
away ooe or two hooks lo rend by] 
advice. partJcuUrlv Flmrv, Du Chom' 
del-. ■•■ ■ • '■ ■ ■ f : 
a h'! 

comi 

i/e Oiuturiifui, ■ ■ 

' neuinra et lui 

OS u proof that thnl dialogue wu re<lly 

written by T»cilu«. He nlisrrved 



with the luaunci of Balicr U» 



feiMirt < 



jorreipnndence of Frmrif Horner. 



II 



• ioat 



'•••• ' '--' ■' ':. taken 

nl one, 

ill the 

"1 my grcst objects. He 

•on* of Orfon! ; that 

' lore ig- 

iiti his 

--•-ne 

y 

mtnnvr waa full of ability ; anci that 
had a TrTT powrrfol nndfr«fnnHinB;. 

^ t><. ■ r- 

«^«IUSl l^CN cv*.!! V , all- 

BicaU fbr and a^lntt I'. 

BeBdemD wa> a Bcrklriaa \n, 

Htiu. Sharp tbovrcd me a curious Uo- 

nnnrat ahnnt .fnnitu; the first collection 

'ters, containing sonic of 

:i9 far back as Au^st 

iuii the same manner 

t (lerffctly formed and 

J — are said to bu two other 

•t by tiie same hand, signed Dumi- 

— • • 1 wn» ftrirtled to hear Sharp 

n-iiting» of Mar. 

I have alwaye 

wKm inmost CTBngelicallj 

• * Spent the nkole after- 

1 ii.- Sharji. I iMi'i Ix-neficialljr, I 

nir« moat o He spoke 

actlvrljr, an i .nen with ar- 

donr. 1 begin to learii the art of U>- 



tciiing — a difficult art. He talked to 
me a great lieul about the commerce of 
London, on which he must be extenxtTcIy 
informed. 1 can judge for myself that he 
spoke with precision on some interesting 
\ititt. of it. I have cUenhere noted such 
facta as I have been able to remeoiber. 
\\'e ended of course upon criticism, mi« 
nute critii-isni of K)ngii«h composition. 
Though I boost of begiuning to learn the 
art of li.'tening, I have not acquired the 
least talent for putting questions ; still 
more difficult." 

G. WitBON. 
" I agree with you. that I have never 
known anybody iu life of the same kind 
as Mr. Wilson. .So circumspect an 
understanding, united with so much 
warmth of heart, and such refined sensi- 
bility : he had all the caution which age 
could gain, and retained for every thing 
that concerned the happiness of mankindt 
or the welfare and reputation of his friends, 
an ardour like that of youth. For some 
years past, he seemed to look upon him* 
self as already separated from the world j 
but looking upon every thing that coald 
be Eeen to go well in it with au affection- 
ate interest and benevolence. AU that 
remains of hira to yon and to me, now, 
is the memory of him ; and we shall, to 
the end of our lives, have a gratiticatioa 
in thinking of his goodness, and of the 
kindness he felt for us." 



Again he n'ritCB to Lord \V, Seymour. 



"1 ws" niufli o'jiiccd to yon for your 

<ng to me an ac> 

uly loss we ha»e 

m;^, t,:\ r,( in,r . Ac i!( nt friend Mr. Wil- 

• nn It was an event I had long antici- 
j il?d as too likely to happen any day ; 
*dA all that one could wi^ih on such an 
noiior, l,a- liren granted, since he died 

• itli- :. and without surviving 
h • I < ' li I dreaded still more. 
\ \'U !, of him to estimate 
liMliI ••rtb and bi» intellectual 

»,i; AAii one of those who :ire 

only to intimate observers, 

r» friend could not know inti- 

^T without mnkins; daily discoveries 

virtue and wivlom and senfihility. 

Jndli r, 

Bd 1. I 




as any of us felt it in yonth. And the 
wonder of all was, that he had preserved 
this through London and through West- 
minster Hall, and through all the liabita 
of a lawyer's life. I have seen no such 
man altogether, and shall sec none such 
any morc.t" 

OBATTAK. 

" I have been passing Saturday and 
.Sunday at Mr. Sharp's, at Mickleham, 
with Mr. Graltan ; and it was a very 
agreeable excursion. I went and re- 
turned with Mr. Grattan, whose con- 
versation about Ireland, and especially the 
past history of Ireland, as well as upon 
literature, is full of interest and geniui. 
He has been giving me to-day, as we come 
to town, the history of what waa done at 
the famous period of \'iii ; and bo made 
me acquainted with some parts of that 
great transaction, and particularly hi* own 
share in it, which I did not know before. 



' '■ for hi* natural powers and hia extensive acquire- 



.16. 



\ ilion, «eo Komilly'* Memovrt, vol, \, i{. ^I'J, lA, 



12 



Mtmoirs and Correrpondence of Fmncut Homer. 



tJtily, 



1^ 



Thii littlf fxcursion wu on j>urpo*e to 
hear the nightlngaler, for he Iov«i mniic 
like tn It«IUn, and the country like a 
tnie-bom EngKahman. Both beantlea 
•re In full perfection at Redley, where 
there are more nlghtln^alei in chorus than 
are to be heard any where else. He I* 
full of Englitb and I^tin poetry, too, 
and deal* very much in pattagei from 
both, when he is at his ease ; which, with 
bii ardour for Irelaad, and his charac- 



teristic sketr'— • "f v^oni with whom he 
has aot«d ' . and n great deal 

of fun, Btfl ' ■ 'c, and sense about 

all things, make bioi a very enteriainiDg 
companion. At the age of seventy, too, 
for I fear he is nearly as murh, and with 
the veneration that belongs to hi> name, 
from the figure ha has made in our 
politics, it is im))ossrhle not to take • 
deep interest in one who renders himself 
so accessible and so iDsttuctire." 



The following slight sketch, evinces tome skill iu piiysiognomical 
science ; for Sir H. Davy possessed poetical powers of no vuignr kind, 
which if cultivated, would have led to excellence. 



" I have been once to the Royal In- 
stitution, and heard Davy lecture on 
animal subatannea to a mixed and Urge 
aaseoibly of both sexes, to the number, 
perhaps, of three huudred or more. It la 
a curious scene ; the reflections it excites 
ar« of an ambiguous nature ; for the pros- 
pect of possible good is miugled with the 
observation of much actual folly. The 
audience is assembled by the influence of 
fashion merely, and faahiou and chemistry 
form a very incongruous union. At the 
same time, it is a trophy to the sciences ; 
one great advance is made towards the 
aasociation of female with masculine 
minds in the pursuit of useful knowledge ; 
and another domnin of pleasing and liberal 
inquiry is included within the r»ng« nf 
polished conversniion. Davy's slyle of 
lecturing in much in favour of himself. 
though not, perhnp.*, entirely suitrd to the 
place ; it has rather n little awkwardness, 
lint It is that air which bespeaks real mo- 
dcaty and good sense i he Is only awkward 
because he cari" --■ '--^ — ' to assume 
that theatricol ncr which 

might have a ti. v-cf. Thin 

was my impression trom bis lecture, I 
have since met Davy In company, and 
was mnch pleased with him ; a great 
•oftoeas and propriety of manner, which 

might be '■'■■--' :• • -< — - his 

phyaiogn -ior 

to what I n its 

preacnt plan, can aflonl rxerriso fur ; 1 
fknUtd tn dheortr in if Iht lintami-nlt 
^po*lital/**l<tig." 

wniTSRKAD. 

" T';' • -I-' '■ - ' -- = •;,, r.1 

XDr ' ath 

of > with 

tf' "TV I 

for '.T\A 

wii 
1*1 
OerJAui " ij^r , i t'uiiiiuci III it';^ lUK i-'mi 

puted with him, and for the imprcaaUiii 



be had made u|>on me of hia being one of 
the most just, upright, and intrepid of 
public men. As a itattmum, 1 never re* 
garded him at all ; he had no knowledge 
of men or BlTairs, to til him for administra* 
tion ; his education bad been very limitedi 
and its defects were not supplied by any 
experience of real political busincaa : bat 
he must always stand high in the list of 
that claaa of public men, the peculiar 
growth of England and of the Houae of 
Commons, who perform great services to 
their country, and hold a considerable 
place in the sight of the world, by fear> 
Icssly expressing in that aasembly the 
censure that is felt by the public, and by 
being as it were the organ of that puhlio 
opinion which, in some measure, ke^a 
our statesmen to their duty. His force 
of character and ability, seconded by his 
singular activity, had, in the present 
absence of all men of genius and as- 
ceudancy from the House, given him a 

Crr-cmincnce, which almost marks the 
LSt years of Pailinmeut with the stamp 
of bis peculiar manner. His loss will lead 
to a change of this : in all points of taste 
and omumeut, and in the skill too and 

Iirudonce of debate, the change may pro- 
)ably be for the letter i but it will he long 
I'pfore the people and ttie constitution are 
supplied in the House of Commons with 
a tribune of the same vigilance, aasidnity, 
IX i-iirvpr.inre and courage, as Sannel 
The manner of his dvatii 
'helmed me ; ! <'niild think of 
'• for dayt '■ " \ 

in onr ou «• 

•i>a 
•7. 
:.d. 



iftjirt'jMK" !»o in 
instantaneous fv 
and reditii.io. 



whli 
lott ' 



uuld bo 
•Is there 

rh 

lU 



' -s^ Mito, p. sxs. Lord Wtbb Sfnaow*! Ob«rr»tioiu oaM.t.^'U»to«»A'i stnwtarti 



Memcirt and Corretpondtnoe of Rancii Homtr. 



19 



ftodlfk-i 

tHMiv 

tnk-.: 
■am 

trr,- 



I'a iucccM Bt the bar it 

much More rapid and rx> 

t of any barrictcr tiace 

I am polnir down to- 

' I' Hunt, 

lOD. I 

^ ur.ii rii(;uiuefita of 
. t (hould not, to 

rrrr h'tilh rfport ! 

rn and 
' nmpan 
malt ever display, and lio 
iDdnstry, too, in colleclinR 
hut hit argum-- •- -- - • 
hi lie beat atyle of legal reav 
drfaa aiul eUameai in ' 
IfmatltTj in the putting of tlirm to> 
fnktf, an air of fiiiitb and unitf in the 
•bole, are the mentt of that itvlc i and 
iWn b not one of tlia<e riualltles in 

«bleb h*u ■ ■ ■ ' ' '•■•• Ml 



') hftte 

ig, and 

u(jw, appllei 

'inc. ; having 

HI'."! a jury.'' 




part* 



t fiigiwx aurt. 
0*)y to hi* appfr- 
' yet htard lum ; 



MJICKIMTOan. 
" I am miglitily amnted with — '» 
charge of plagiarism, whicli I aoarcely 
indeed underaland ; he ia a *TO>ible, neat 
man rnoogh, and io his own way clcTer, 
but be baa no measure for sucli under* 
standiiiga as Burlie and Fox and Maclc« 
intosh. In the school of Burlie, the latt 
hoa eertaioly learnt much of that practical 
sagacity and wisdom upon the politicf 
of modern Europe, for which he is dii> 
tinguished ; and oomcthing too of th« 
false t:»«' -iThichmayoccMlonallji. 

>ni obj' • : but to deny the de* I 

' .1 iiiuii a merit and manner 

''. and quite distinct fh)m that 
'( Fox or Burke, seems to me to 
proceed from a dcAcieney in those feel' | 
mgs and tltat comprebenaion which artf 
requisite for such Ufge subject*. Th8 
rocech for Peltier has mannerism 
throughout, and one uniform cait of 
colouring. Mackintosh cannot then hare 
stolen from both ; for the manner of 
Borke differs as mnch from Fox, at ths 
style of Luran or Milton from the styld 
of Lucretius or Racine. Yon will perceirB 
this charge of plagiarism has a Uttle iu> 
ceused me." 




On Miotber occasion Mr. Horuor writes to Mr. Krakioe at Portsmouth^ 
■ embarking with Sir Jumes Alackintosli for India. 



y itrunc ui tbt' givat kiudnc^ tiicy 
own itii". tince I rame to I,onilon, 



ketfitaUty. He 
aiuKr to me, 
jm n fmU Into ti 
tpacaUtioa non- 
■ bad in 



■re of a for higher 

ti of the kindest 

has been an intellectual 

and hsit enlartrcd my 

f moral 

uitor I 

iin u M-ing. J 



'^"""' "" "pt Dugald Stewart, t« 

.'ht I owed more tfaaa { 
ve from another. Had 
Mflvlciulo«h rvni»iiied in England, I should 
have possessed ten years hence powert 
and views which are now beyond mj 
reach, I nercr left his conversation ba| 
1 felt a mixed coDsciousoess, as it were, 
of inferiority and capability : and I have 
now and then Dntterecl myself with this 
feeling, as if It promised that I might \ 
make something of myself. I cannot j 
think of all this without being melancbolyi 
' ostendent lantnm fata, Deque ultra.' " 



Again be writes about the saiuc tiino to Lord Webb Seymonr. 



" I am glad you law all you coald of 
Mackintosb, who i* tu me a * Magnus 
Apollo,' aboTc .' mth whom I 

da arqnain'et^ - f»rr of the 



.;t 

.^ , , k- 

» datalcd me most. 1 expect to 
mnrh from yoor rnTirrr?iition with 



; trvoi mm lonTcynl m mc lu .in 



argument and in langnafe to which I hara 
been accustomed." 

Ol'OALD STRWART, 

" I don't know what to say to your ae* 
count of Mr. Strv^arl't plan of his book. 
I should like to hare all his melaphTiiici, i 
and I should like to hovt "' '■ 
and 1 nbonid tike. to y. 
thew drills. iIimI he mlj;l- - :_.. 

with t. IS farlhrj- cngagementa j 

in poll' y. On nil if these sub- 

'uud}] 

h la J 

1 IK' cU"'Vicutuin\ t \uTm '^ u\u\ VXit'J W<%" 



Meinoirt and Correspondence of Francis Horner. [<f<i]y> 

t mode of conceiviDK them, Meltille't Iriat), or Ibat I was not even 



uiumed |m hit mode of conceiviDg them, 
that it cikn be preserrcd only in Ait ex- 
pressions. Hit writing on literary and 
moiml topics ia the moat popular in this 
part of the world ; but Stewart ought not 
to write for tliis part of the world, or for 
tbii age of the world ; he is bound to feel 
more courage, possessing the arl of 
writing as he does, which always makes 
inch a conquest over time, to say nothing 
of that loftiness and sensibility which 
pervade his philosophy, and must iuiiurc 
its success for eTcr, if England has any 

gretensions to immortality. If I could 
ave my own wishes gratified, 1 confess I 
should desire that be would make his 
view of mind, intellectually considered, as 
enlarged as he has ever considered it, in- 
cluding all bis valuable suggestions for 
the improvement of logic in the various 
sciences, even though he .should not have 
perseverance to mould these into a sys- 
tematic shape ; and that then he would 
proceed immediately to political philo- 
sophy, in which I am confident he would 
produce a work that would excite great 
attention, and impress a lasting influence. 
After all the misi^bief th.it has been done 
of late yeart, 1 am thoroughly convinced 
that the public mind, in England at least, 
is (till sound and susceptible."* 
HOMILLT. 

" As Saturday drew near, my anxiety 
fbr Romilly's first public appearance had 
swallowed up every other concern. It 
was not that I felt any doubts of his talent 
for the conduct of fvch an affair (//Orrf 

A tew dnvs after this he wrote as 
(May 19, 1806.) 

" Romilly's success was as great as his 
friends predicted. He spoke for three 
hours and a half, and bis speech might 
be named as the model of the simple 
Style. Had he hazarded more, he mi^ht 
have produced passages of more striking 
effect for a moment ; had he been more 
declamatory, he would hare collected 
more suffrages in the express praise of 
his eloquence. For I have beard it ob- 
served, that the speech had notliing but 
good sense, perfect clearness, and a strong 
cause. The fact is, he kept every one 



A/elville't trial), or that I was not even 
quite sure he would distinguish himself 
greatly ; it was this very confidence which 
filled me with solicitude to witness all the 
circumstances of an occasion, which was 
to reward a long course of severe inde- 
pendence, modest study, and the praclice 
of every virtue, by opening to him a new 
csirccr of utility and fume. He bos now 
placed himself in his rank ; the notoriety 
of his talents and accomplishments ossigus 
him already his station os a public per- 
sonage, and the proofs he cannot fail very 
soon to display of resolute consistency in 
political principles, will so attract to him, 
I am persuaded, the confidence of all 
liberal men, that in the times we have to 
observe or act in he mast have the most 
important weight in the state. Among 
tlie many circumstances which sadden me 
respecting the race of pnbUc men now 
coming upon the stage^ it is a compensa- 
tion almost against them all, that, for a 
period at least, we shall have Romilly's 
exertions and name on the side of liberty 
and justice. Perhaps you will think my 
language exaggerated ; I an only say 
that it very faithfully expresses my pre- 
sent sentiments and expectations ; though 
it is pofkible one's fancy might be heated, 
after having long revered the post tenor 
of his life, to witness it in the very act of 
spreading out into a larger sphere, under 
all the splendid circumstances of the au- 
dience and ceremonial of Westminster 
Hall." 

follows to Mr«. Dug«l(l Stewart. 

chained in attention, and made the whole 
case distinct to the dullest. Particular 
parts of the composition there certainly 
were that might be enumerated on ac* 
count of their being more impressive, 
more indignant, more (iiicly pointed, than 
llic rest ; but they were »oin keeping willi 
the whole that the prevailing tone was 
only heightened, never interrupted. One 
might have said his taste was too severe, 
too simple, if it hod betrayed itself by a 
tingle false step : but it was so maintained 
throughout, and the execution ail to uni- 



* " I read Stewart's Life of Robertiao. which is a very elegant and agreeable pro- 
duction, and containi one or two pun^es executed in Sicn:irt'i. liiipnir.'t minoer. 
Upon tiir whole, t do not think him successful in '• n. Hia 
cooccptiont of chfif»''tpr. thoiith finiiril with comp »h»' In- 
dividuality to • llj 
hclonrs to a h< !io 
fir'' ' in 
Sli :«, 

whK.. ., — ,. : ;.. . — !ii» 

ijHvtmt* 



iiemoa-i and CormpoaStnce tfFmtit Homrr. 



rtlie getml ileiignisf o( chc „ 

"^ (T«*t ■ (tTte, u to giT« it the like 4iipJay, 



»1.wlif->t ririirr .if 



Uf gfaM aatetjr, aarf konor at t 
1«. fHte4 ~ ' 



C If , »n.I li 

kpcxitinn 



rompoUtiona. 
I uelonoD, for 
nr prrjwrvd, 
1 in tlie 
ted kirn 
tOT«D- 
-tl KMt 

tttfpact 



g«igc is free firaa alt 



t&t futiiliouiDrct of hit jndgMBti 



■vfcol felicities at (he 
he a*ed aajr tgmtatt 

wete to " " ' 

•trte, as to pen lilt Mtm 

tXTBg 




' convcrs Mr. Horan's uapreanoa, at the 

;irc»cDt, of the peniliv ckanctvrs nxi power i 
iC illiwtrUius oratuLii of that period. 



11 
delu 




' Air** fvcecb wm not cloqaent ; on tUe 
J, uoTrflly as to manner and 

IVrthaMv frnrn ^n .-tirrMa ill. 

reraooal 

i ate put 

iit Uiii liut tUude to 

rifintd himself to t]ie in- 

{iment arraagcoieota 

ftn, and ibe meaas of 

r mtn X r.rrmanrn* I ia(| Ml 

1^ a ■fcrRrr (iTo : aod by 

f«f{«lationt for I - amoag 

IW ^aaaatitrf. Ail liic cubstaAcc of bit 
tpeen was aiMlIrot. Pitt gave ni both 

I sad manner, as a >! ' ' ' ' e 

; mi»t eij At 

(f**ri..n AiPMiti&f ti-tfi^.t. i,(^ 



fn Bi< it atUi a go<xi Uejii ol gmre te- 
at decftmatinn in kU irny, and aome 
•f lint ' ' nof wrarai, 

■Mcll «»«iy b', ht» motf 

«ri|iaaltaV-> ■ •"■^'- i -^-.t 

to ry 

«;; ■ :ii. 

tke Uii(>(e*aiua lu: if/( au, aoil Iw 
dia|«taetl vcfy ■uccct«rullf bis cniietj to 

iiicaaura 

:ltiOUll 

--■■•■n, 

■y 
■•I 

<'d, tilt 



' (kts tmuraasion 
Oawnuacat bail adu; 
MkacK «Hgit»T*"< '• 
wkidl tlwT ba.; 
a<dt<fa^ thrni 
ibaaa atitl 
Mtsvobn (.: 
(Ifaam Trrr »«J, t 
rMt, U the dereooe t" 
tt Ijbfar Biilitar^ taK\n..,t.^ .o«. ■>. . ■^^.. 
Percrral looi( a mocb more 



j«4Seiaas viev of tbe deaasti, aad ( 
tiu motioa ai if it had beta ia I 
tkc diiauaaal of aaaasttn. TUi t 
trae mm4e of treatiac it, if k eaaU I 
eiec«te4 ius i4ea witt AiB: ' 
of taleat 4mc bia t« 
eitreme iwraoaalitj, so as Co 
fary aaJ di sp air of his fhim/a, ar i 
dKJrcoaraWawiB^bMk. lUs |, 
abate of Fox aad Wtadhaaa «aa 
and groM io Ibe lititsiie ; b«t v«~ia 
the gatlo7«rte awb imUUtM to Um« 
for it iwoJaoed • ■ l eriy oeeeb titm 
exrb in Ibcir aafy 4Venai mjflm. Wtmd- 
kam nfidatA the yifillty, cbi««yby 
the eeainat of ka* ••• aaaacr. wilti peat 
6re. b«( petfecl leafer, a nrj 
vontempl, and rtqaiaite vit. He 
not m >rt than tea Bsaslea, bat be (•- 
frrt'irii one°< inin>) frvm all the bad feci* 
inei ti>*' t'lTciral hii) fiica oa. fox trealel 
bim after a diCrrcnt re(iBwii> eoadeaa> 
ing «itb miu:b rebeneBee aarf iadi|aMiM 
the faftitra and ribaldry be bad batrodaeed 
iato ibK debate : aad itfat^nf hit ova 
poHlical coiuwctioat aad oondact with all 
the Baaliaaa aid aiaipliciry of bis beat 
Bwaacr. It is ?try b'kelj that, so tooa 
after the ipeat cototaiBaieot I hate had, 
I Biay be talUlv of it in a m*j that you 
will soppoae esacgcratvd ; hot, if it j 
yoa will kao» bo« In make 
Orif ff iturr nf t'i"- dr^T^te I moat i 
g ■' paid by Tieroey 

ST ral to Pitt, the 

.' •iKii.i •lui, ' iiiat no erent would 
r agreeable to the country than hia 

.■ to power,' a t rry strange eipreisioa 

to ose in rarh circumttaaoe*." 



Tbrrc » a ^! 

ritijf yfnr 



int or ;i debate (on tlic Spanish papers) in th^ 

• TTiu'sf imt oTrlt, as it gives sotuc notion of tiii 

icakcrs \a parlianicnt,— nre mfaa 



. " I reatrirad to {Ct the «#cond day of 
r«atb*S|«Bialipi^r«. WiUiam 
f} and i wcaf dan logrlkrr. It 



w»e by no means a Tery aatisfartory ( 
imaaioD of an itnfiortMil a \r«iva&r^\utv, ^ 
waj tlicrt luUcVi tVoi^attkCi uix e\0,^e( %\4 



Sfemoht and Correspondenct of Franeit Homer, 



L 



Fojf WM Tcry nloTcnly, desultorr, RDd 
inoompleU! ; i( is impoMiblc for him to 
rpuk vitbout inimiuble execution ia 
ptrtt ; but he tooW no great range of the 
fnbjvcl, though one (I thought) moat 
fuiuble to bit taste and bert power, nor 
did he seem to ilrike into the pith and 
haut of it. Pitt's reply* wa» very angry 
■ad load, and full of palpable mierepreaen- 
tatioDs. The best hints aa to the real 
substance of tlie case gleamed through 
the darkness and turbidncss v( Dr. Lnir- 
ftnce, «ho would fairly hare talked bis 
■odience to death, if they had not coagbed 
him to silence. His ejpectoratiou (to 
use a delicate expression of Lord Ellcn- 
borougb's) was dreadful to the hearer, 
bat seemed to be full of knowledge and 
sense and acuteneas, as I bare always 
found him, whenever I have had self- 
command sufficient to listen. There was 
one extraordinary oration that night, — Sir 
William Grant's — quite a masterpiece of 
Ui peculiar and miraculous manner. 
Conceire an hour and a half of syllogisms 
itniDg together in the closest tis.>>ue, so 
artfully clear, that you think every 
successive inference unavoidable ; so 
rapid, that you have no leisure to reflect 
where you have been brought from, or to 



see where you are to be eorricd, and so 
dry of ornament or illustration or refresh, 
ment, that the attention is stretched — 
stretched — racked. All this it done with- 
out a single note. And yet, while I 
acknowledge the great vigour of under- 
standing displayed in such performances, 
I have a heresy of my own about Grant's 
ipeaking; it doei> not appear to me of a 
parliamentary cast, nor suited to the dis- 
cussions of n political assembly. Th* 
effect he produces it amazement at bis 
power, not the impression of hit subject ; 
now this ia a mortal symptom. Dcsidet 
this, he gives me u suspicion of sophis- 
try, nliirh hniints uie tlirough his whole 
deduction. Though J have nothing im- 
mediately to produce, 1 feel dissatisfied, 
as if there were something that might be 
said. And after all, there are no traini 
of syllogism nor processes of intricate 
distinctions in subjects that are properly 
political. The wisdom, as well aa the 
common feelings that belong to such 
subjects, lie upon the surface in a few 
plain and broad line«, Tliere is a want 
genius, in being very ingenious ab( 
them, and it belongs to talents of 
second order to proceed with ■ gi 
apparatus of reasoning,'' 810. 



few 



That Mr. Horner was in politics 11 staatich Wbig is well knowu, and bis 
Bttnchment to tbe views and principles of his party was steadfast and deep, 
fuilv embracing the whole outline of their policy ; but bow remote this 
zeal for his party was from the spirit of faction, and how widely it visa 
separated in his mind from what was erroneously and unhappily connected 
with it in the minds of sonie even of the lenders of his own side, is seen^ 
the following extract in a letter to Mr. Jeffrey. 



" I am not going to enter again ioto 
the argument of the war. It is a dismal 
sabjeot to talk of with those whom one 
agrees with about it ; and un irksonii: one 
to dilTer upon We now understand one 
another's eipectsiion* ami wishes ; the 
upshot of a I Ik will, aftw 

years hence. .! ire nearly 

in the right. 1,,., point cm 

which I would rsili. <taken by 

you. Yon hate on 1 entertain 

more admiration miil Iru o( hate for 
Buonspnrtr than yrtt? fptrl : you hav« 
giv liian once, 

til I you can 

bin 

V 

tal. 

fox luy 1 
mncli I' 



specliog such personages and cbancten. 
I have nn admiration of anr ' ' !io- 
rocK, cooi-eiriiig it to be tli' ■( 

all the varictirs of talent ; l a 

cnnstilutioQBl aversion to the whole rmoe 
of ooDijueron. I never felt any interest 
in wars, either reading of Uirm, or look- 
ing on in our own days, except on the 

side of the -. ' ' ' ' ' ' Ije 

Greeks 01 ' 1,, 

my wisht!- ) ,if 

each in theit tui: ir 

defmc*. Yon 1 :«. 



• Vol >S'iiiilli.m'. fill 
jounul. 



'f Pitt'a character w a iiUte«m«ii, we toJ. I. p. 31S, Is tbe 



MtmoifM and Corrttponitnce of Francis Hcrner. 



17 



•oftrnrd witb tooral afTertionit. 

I ftfir? I (.ij.i find in biiu any of the 

'i«ui, arcording to my 

inc to bate Buonaparte 

to oiah ais I do fervently 

• jiatance by France to 

t ^ I * " . u)d you are 

In of all my 

. I- « : ...jlic the future 

d, ' spoDte meA componere 



t* ary lumi 



curaa,' I vould balance the tococai of 
the war upon the frontiers of eld France 
very eveDly, and would keep up the 
struggle for power at Paria, between N«. 
poleon and the coastitutiooal party. For 
that there is aoniething of a conflict and 
compromiae. at the present moment, be- 
tween tl" Ijiefa and the partiaana 
of civil I js undeniable ; it may 

last out) ; ^uicot.butitiaagUmpae 

of better days," &c. 



\Vr now Inrn from public subjects and political discussion to give a 
rxaniplc of his litemry criticism on a work wliich excited gi^at at- 
ntion at the time, and which abounded in accurate obserration, and 
Biiag, at once curious and profound. 



' I bt*e been reading, in a desultory 

^Jfni..hf, Kr.rA nn Taste, and am 
I with the Tariety 
I c«n»ey«. I had 
uu tiuli ttiiiig, I have not yet 
Eke<t very narrowly into ita pbilompby, 
tlw <I remarks on books, 

innrrs, appear to lue 
ju.<it, and, though now 
Ctared with an ambition of 
i-kably free from the narrow 
fty of any system or school. The 
», though a Utile careless, some- 
Dore than a little vulgar, baa the 
cbaru to me of being a spoken 
ll*. and i(uite refreaking after the solemn, 
'1, tight-laeed form in which every 
I oowr written. Knighl, to besure, 
) gmoe, but much auimalion. In 
Hoeopby, I fancy he is upon the 
track at leaat; though I scarcely 
it rTcr answera any good pur- 
to treat with so niui-b levity and 
*«vo petvUfkce the errora of a man like 



Burke, or of one who hat written so ex- 
cellent a book as Price. In this respect 
he may have borrowed too much from the 
tone of conversation. When I have lei- 
sure to read the work regularly, 1 mean 
to look very closely whether he la himself 
quite consistent and sufficiently compre- 
bensivc in the doctrine of o»aocra/to>.a, 
which 1 rather suspect is not the case 
with him, nor in his view of the pheno- 
mena of sympathy. In the last doctrine, 
Bt least, I have as yet met with very few 
who are aware of all that has been done 
for ihem by Adam Smith, whose work, 
however iro|>erfect as a theory of moral 
sentiments, always aeemed to me the moat 
scientific and acute description we have 
yet received in any branch of what may 
tw called the Natural History of the 
Mind. This analysis, I am persuaded, 
contains in it the means of explaiuio| 
tnany of our difficulties both in criticisia 
and morals." 



, On tke saroe subject be writes to Sir Jaines Mackintosh, then at Bom- 



'■ We have had few new books of Ute. 

Vkt. P^--- <-'"'-.->it's on Taate has at- 

trM3(e<J > than any other, and 

t, 1 am very sure, with 

Ktjr I br rambles through surh a variety 

Eto|ne« . alway" trying originality ; with 

'.oogh not without 

'-, yet, upon many 

., .lii . 1 have hcird 

Mr. Windham sprsk in 

k, and with ev<n less 

^[ValMkcatioti uf their praise than I should 

I ■c^ini^ in. lie is ofien wrong. 



.N! 



I think, and petulant in the manner of 
being so ; and tliere seem to me some 
gross heresies of taate, particularly in re- 
gard to Milton. Yet I have certainly de- 
rived rome profit, in addition to great 
pleasure, from reading most part of it 
more than once. Mr. Fox particularly 
admires the view given of Arbilless cha- 
racter ; it is very fine : and I may add 
that i!r. Windhim had nntiotiticrd Ait 
ad iralion qf the vorlt br/ort he eamt 
to thai /laitaft m uihich you leilt Jtnd 
much good itiue about boxing," Iff. 

[The foUonring letter is to the Hon. Williain Spencer, nnd it 

to n« to convey a just apprehension of n question on which raucli 

had been wasted, from a iniiiap|)iehension of the true meaning of 

, aod the power of n»«oei»tion liad not been sufficiently atlcnded to ; 

de of course to the cortcspondtnce on the subject ol the song of 

«T. Mao. Vou XX. U 



» 



I 



one feels st the close of the d«T. uii] from 
the stillness of spirits and clevntion of 
mind which come upon one walking oat 
at that time. But it is not always so ; 
different circnmstances will »ary In e»erjr 
possible way the effect. Will ^' i.l 

gale's note sound alike to Ihi. si 

going on an adventure to mcc, ....3-> 

tress, supposing be heeds it at all, nnd when 
he loiters along upon his return .' The 
last time I heard the nightingolci it wu 
an ei|>eriment of another sort i it waa 
after a thunder-storm, in n wild night 
while there was silent lightning openioj 
every few minnles, first on one side ofth' 
heavens, then on the other ; the corelefl 
little fellow was piping away in the mid 
of all this terror : there was no melancboljl 
in hi* note to me, but a sort of sublimity | 
yet it was the same song which I had be 
in the morning, and which then aeeme 
f„..i,,„,. v„.i bustle. I suspect I hare t 
<: 'Utal upon this moat tnt« i 



Memoirt and Corretpondence of Francit Horner. Z^^ft 

the nightingale between Mr. Fox and Lord Grey, In which both of tin 
illnstrions persons totally misunderstood llie ineaniugof t)ie word " metr ' 
M employed by our older writers. 

" I am amused with your interrogatory 
to me about the nightingale's note. You 
meant to pnt me in a dilemma, with my 
politics on one side, and my gallantry on 
the other. Of course you consider it as 
a plaintive note ; and you were in hopes 
that no idolater of Charles Fox would 
Teature to agree with that opinion. In 
this difficulty, I must make the best 
escape I can, by saying it seems to mc 
neither cheerful nor melancholy ; but 
always according to the circumstances in 
which you hear it, the scenery, your own 
tamper of mind, and so on. I settled it 
10 with myself early in thi^ month, when 
I heard them every night and all day long 
at Well*. In daylight, when all the other 
birda are in concert, the nightingale only 
atrikes you as the most active, emulous, 
and successful of the whole band. At 
night, rspcoially if it ia a calm one, with 
light enough to give you a wide indistinct 
Tieir, the solitary music of this bird lakes 
quite another character, from all the as- '<) 
aodations of the aceoe, from the languor 

The testimonies toMr. Homer's charactct in the House oi (ouiiuoiis wet 
given by men, themselves of flic grcnfcst weight, from tlit-ir station and 
talents ; by Lord Morpeth (now Earl of Cailislc), by Mr. Canning, Mr. Man 

I ners Sutton, Sir S. Romilly, Mr. W. Elliot, and others ; and his more intimab 
friende. Mr. D. Stewart, Sir .laiDCs Mackijitof'li, his tutor, Rev. Jo! 
Hetviett, Dr. S. Parr, aud Mr. Sydney Sinitii, havp each contributed (^ 
bear record to the virtues of his mind, to his clear and enlightened undei 
standing, to IiIr various and solid acquirements, to bis ctkudour towa 
his political opponents, to his iininippacliablo integrity in public engagement 
and duties, and to those afTections and that leiidoriicss of frlcndt;hip whirJ 
endeared him to all in the iutcrcDursc of private life. It is with great an^ 
unmixed gratification that this part of tlic publication will Ik perused 
&II, and, high as (tie language of praise rose from the lips of all rcspectin 
the rank he had already attained by the strength of his exertions, they 
tigreed that it could only be looked upon as the harbinger of his matur 
fame, and as the presage and tlic anticipation of a more exnltx-d rcput^tiofl 
Mr. Canning bore witness to Mr. Horner's pouession of qualific^tioa 
eminently calculated to obtain and claim success, to his sounil principle 
hia enlarged views, his various and accurate knowledge, tlic even trnonr « 
his manly and tcin|)cratc clotjuence, the genuineness of bis warmth whc 
into warmth he was betrayed — and above all to the singular oiudcst 
with which he bene all his f.icultio, and which shed s Rf*cc and lustn 

1 over fhetii nil. " 1'li''«i> qicilifuMfioni, " he -ai'l, " .iddei^ fr> !lic knuv 

Iblan 

'to I 



t wbd ud nncuricd repuution.' Sir bamucJ itooiiUy meotioacd, m • 



1843.] 



Mtmokt md Corrftpondtnce of Francis Uomer. 



drauutauce to iocrr&»e the Kencml regret at bis luss, " How in ever 
jt»t riart hi« lanietitcd frieud had First tAken part in their debates, hi 
taleaU l>*d been iiii|>iovitig, hi<) fucuitios had bneii developed, and hil 
cmoiattding cloqiieucc liad bceu rising with the important subjects 
nliicli il bad ^ ' — bou' eveiy scBsiuu he had spoken uith stil 

i«cre««»i»g wr. ity and effect, and had called forth new re 

KWrr lid comprehensive mind — and not be led 

Km,' :iug the great eNCcllcncc which, in the Ini 

. aitiiiiiciJ, )ct if he hud been longer spared he would have 
■ 'Tx not vet discovered to the House, and of which, f>erhap8, 
-fif," \.c.* To these and other honourable tes- 
ntary friends may be added the aiore delicate an< 
<%, drawn by the hand of philosophy, and seen il 
art and Mackintosh. " Of the extent and varic 
nine (the former writcsf-), the depth and accuracy of his scieu' 
unents, the classical ((lerhaps somewhat severe) purity of bii 
, and the truly philosophical cast of his whole wind, none had betto 
'tics than myself to form :i judgment in the course of a friendship 
imcuced l>elorc lie left the University, and which grew till the 
' his death. But on thc8C rare endowments of his understand- 
Ihc still raicr conil)ination of virtues which shed over all his mcntai 
% clwracteriiitical grace and a moral harmony, this is not the place t 
enfaufi^. Never, certainly, was more completely realised the ideal portrail 
•o ti ■' incd by the Roman poet, 'a caliu devotion to reason and 

}n»l;i ctimry of the heart nndcfiled,and a breast glowiug with inbora 

koooux," ' &1-. His tutor, Mr. Hewlett, has given his warm and aficc-i 
tiODatf . hct still considerate and careful testimony both to the powers 
kit i: J the virtues of his mind ; Doctor Samuel Parr has addoi 

MiBi •iTiOfTu and Kd/ifiara, as — "he had chccifuluess withoul 

jrrit liousntss without austerity," — and so on j and, lastly, Mr, 

! ha> committed to paper his early recollections of the com- 
on of his stodiuas hours and social recreations. 




U 

n 




', " very 

lie coni- 

M on i):< iHce, and 

■i, tlirre was not a 

nmriiit wilh im- 

'ibo s*w tiim 

: rce of credit 

: liua : there iriu io 

I ore of all that wag 

' ■ ' ni 



albl tJtccrluU) kuUuiUtud to 



', you 
b«n- 
his 



Hway. lie had an inleote lore of know> 
ledi;t.' ; he wasted very little of the portion 
of life conceded to kiin, and wai always 
improving himself, not in the moti fooluiT' 
(if all tehemet of edncalion, in matin 
long and ihort rertet and tcanning 
chonur*, but in tlie masculine purtuit* 
the philosophy of legiilation, of politii 
economy, of the conttitutional history 
the country, and of the lu'story am 
changes of Ancient and Modem Enrope. 
He bad read so inach, and so well, thai; 
he was a contemporary of ail men, and ■ 
citixcn of all ttatet," &c. 




Tilt ipecclie* lu ttic lloiue of C'nmmoos by the different members were print«d 



! drcnlgti >ii „rit) trinilatfd into Italun by I'go Fotcolo, and a few ropi 
faTltetmial idnted u><t dedicated to Mr. Henry ^o^' ■°'' of I^^ 

>r Me<a|ibyticftt aad Political PhauBophy, &c. in EncycU 

rrT^inus li. oi .■.mc oDe fwr cannot rwsotlcct who) nayhig " that Lord Thar« 
I SOaMcatnoe was loo wit* for any human being to harv," 



I 



80 



Memoir* and Corretpondtnee of Francis Homer. 



[Jniy. 



Of tlie degree of Mr. Horner's moral feeling on snbjecU which Ue_ 
deemed essentially important, Mr. Smitb has given a curious instance 

room ; ire flung up the sa»h, and, with loud 
pcala of laagliter, profetaed oaraelves 
decided Scandinaviami ; we offered him 
not only the ihips, but all the shot, po«. 
der, rordiij^e, and eveo the biscuit, if he 
would come back : but nothing could lum 
and it took us a fortnight of terioi 



I 



him ; 

behaviour before we were forgireD."' 






m 



" He loyed truth so much, that he never 
could b«ar any jesting upoo important 
aubjecta. I remember one evening the 
late Lord Dudley and myself preteuded to 
justify the conduct of the Government in 
atealin^ the Danish fleet ; we carried on 
the argument with some wickedness 
■gainst our graver friend ; he could not 
stand it, but bolted indignantly out of the 

It will be seen thatainid the warm and attractive eology of liis depart 

friend, Mr. Smith has interposed a judicious episode upon the errors 

academical education, and on the valuable time wasted on the needless 

refiiiemenls of classical learning, espccinlly as regards the labour expend 

on polishing, scrubbing, filing, and grinding snndty stubborn metres 

the Greek tragedians, and on the arts of curiously inlaying and dovetail 

\uft the delicate matcriiil of the ancient choruses, to which employment 

tnanv ingenious and learnid gentlemen have bound themselves, as they 

consider lor the benefit of the community. Whether to be great in longs 

and si'orts, is an atrhievement worthy of an enlarged mind we do not s.iy. 

Theie are illu^tiious men non living who have expended all the Birengtl 

(heir understandings in the regulation of iambic dipods, of ithyphallii 

and annpsestic dimeters ^ and who would I>e8urpri^ed and shocked (o h 

that there « as any subject more worthy of their investigation than ai 

jnsting the di>located members of a trochaic catnlexis, or putting 

Ltuibicand isehiorrhagic penthinieiner saiely on his legs. But so earnest ai 

energetic are Mr. ijmith's ed'usions on this subject, that we are asiiU 

be has some proper and peculiar cause for complaint ; that his hatred 

pa!ons and choriambics exceed the natural meuaiire of offence which the 

Blight reasonably give to gentlemen, educated u|K)n systems in which they 

are excluded. To be sure Ke do not exactly sec why making Latin 

veises and correcting citois in Greek manuscripts incapacitates a mau 

for the philosophy of lcgi>lation, or prevents his acipiiring the kuo 

ledge of the history of modern Jiurope W'c believe that Mr. Fox 

Lord Wellcsley and Mr. Canning and Lord Holland and Ml. H. Frei 

cum multis iiliis. occasionally employed their leisure hours in such learm 

recriations, much to thf d. light of their friends, which they could not s 

cessfnlly have done, unl'.ss the principhs and laws which regulate mclri< 

composition in (he clii»sicHl languages had been familiar lo them from their 

youth ) and the Mvsts El(/nenst» ha\c made known the catly success of lliei 

acquirements. But in Kober tiuth we arc fmly persuaded that there is 

Mr Smith's mind atlislinit, particular, and unequivocal dislike tot 

branch of study, how gcneiated \\e do not know: an idiosynciasy tl 

cannot be alieicd, or, as the member for Marylebone would call itj 

monomuiua that cuntiot be relieved. It has existed, we rccohect, for mi 

years. It broke out uilh great violeucc about thirty years ago 

though it seemed to give way under some very severe remedie.t that w 

then applied, it has now re-appcared. and will probably continue during 

remainder of his life. Under thctc circumstances we must retrrct I 

Mr. Smith should be so unhappily Kitunted a*- he is now, even in the v 

centre of the enemy's tamp. Why ('hrist-churcb itstlf. all rough _ 

horrid nilh Greek, where every "cBnoQ"Ua "canon of criticisOi" would] 



n 





svmtviop mtTRCB, GicrcBSTSiiaimn. 



13.] 

'a (anctttiry c 
metropoiis ui 
»t > ■ 

I WtJv 

n I 
H 

ail. 
nt 

p.. 



'« and C oir e tp ondence of fwnrw Homer, 

' to where he now is. He miglit as fvell live in the 

. i>r lodge under tlic roof of Herman. There are 

tlic " l'foiu»ionc8 Poeticac " of the learned Dean on one 

tid Mr. Km\'M\ Tate with the " Leges Mctrica- Horatianse " 

■I left lie must still meet the " accursed thing. " If 

id, lo the more genial inlliiences of May Fair, there 

1 reiulv with his Greek hexameters, and Sir Henry 

'liled with his Latin epigrams, — we do not know what to 

- cast", as in many others, we may presume that gentlc- 

!(.' to nttain ecclesiastical honours, have forgotten their 

on the Auuiau Mount, and in their study of the " Liber 

ceased to recollect the Gradua ad Paruassum. 



SWINDON CHURCH, GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 
(ffith a Piatt.) 



ING learnt that the olJ church 
of St. Uiwreiice at S« indoii, near 
CbrltrDbaai, is about to be consider- 
■bly altered, I beg to put upon record 
in yout Magazine the following ac- 
etniat of it as it existed a few years 

This iDtcresting church consists nf a 
ditocti, a nave, with north and south 
cave aitles, a ilal-rnofeil hexagonal 
towrr at its WfSt end, and a quadran- 
i;ular northern p'rch. The width of 
tbv chancel and llie uavc is equal, vii. 
I3ft. 6in. but that of the aislps is un- 
equal. The tower is irregular, both 
ai to Its sides and angles, and the 
pofch I* also irregular, abutting due 
nr.rthward fioni the norlh-enst side of 
the toKcr. The extreme length of this 
cburcli, mteronllv, is alxiut Gn feet, 
and 111 present extreme breadth 36. 

It would seem, however, that this 
tdifiCF originally con)ii>ted only of the 
cbaoctl. nave, and lower, and that 
llh ' .-.If, Ihf porch, uud the 

o<> 'vcic added at different 

pt)iu-j-. iH I ween the fifteenth and 
KTcolee-oth centuries, in the order 
jg^i .,,, r... ,.„!.., I — ,(, piers being, ap- 
|i»: of the old nave 

Wii . ,. Iiich their present 

archei were upenrd when the aisles 
w«fr »rvtnillv built. 

■' 'las, against its 

Bc'i A'hrise capital, 

Oc < Jbt, I.S a bquATC abacus 

lii' d undrrirdgc. from which, 

Ci. -like continu- 

kt |icr, and from 

airi'itr tn'iii.iMnnjifii oy the w»U piers 
Hit ttro semicircalar arcliiyolti with 
[« ntitiag /iuei*-iikc mb'vch i but 



on its soutliern face these arches arc 
single, there being no pilaster. The 
arch Into the north aisle waa cer- 
tainly made, as I have above «up> 
pused, by breaking through the old 
nave wall, and is a wide obtusely 
pointed archway with chamfered 
angles. 

The archway between the nave and 
tower was, however, formed at the 
first building of this church. Its 
archivoli, westward, has the fascial 
subarches, represented in the accom- 
panying Plate ; but, eastward, it is a 
simple semicircle springing from wall 
piers with imposts, like that or the 
south aisle pier, which arc continued 
around them, and along the nave walls, 
as a string course. 

From the existence of some corbels 
at the conjunction of the nave and 
chancel walls, it would seem that there 
was once a rood loft, approached by 
stairs iu a regular rood turret, of wbicu 
a ruinous mass of masonry outside 
was probably the foundation. 

The most interesting feature of this 
Church is its tower, which is, as afore- 
said, not a regular hexagon ; having ita 
western side longer than the others, 
and Its N.W. and S.W. angles of 65 
degrees, while the southern angle ia 
only of 50, as I presume the noiiliera 
angle also to be. Uut it ia difficult to 
speak on this point accurately, some of 
its angles and sides being enveloped 
in the more modern parts of thischurch, 
and the tower walls now varying in 
thickness from 3 feet 2 inches, to 
nearly 3 feet. Interiorly, at each 
corner is a b\eni!iet W\t-«n%«L%t& «.<&' 
lumn, but tWu t^p'xV^Vs a,ie Vv\Ok^t\x Vj 
a Bailer^, fcboxt 'wYutV »w>3mw w^ 



titon Vhurch, Olmceslerthire, 



[Jtily, 



» 



bels , oucc the support of the belfry or of 
n chamlier, and which, froni the ab- 
sence uf any interior BUircate, Kiid 
certain traces of a stair and duornay 
on its uutsidei could have been only 
thereby cnttrcd. 

The pavement of this tower is lower 
than that of the nave, aiid. If originally 
so. such disparity i* perhaps irtdi- 
cative of its having been a galilee or 
narthex for penitents, in contradis- 
tinction to the? higher nave for less 
unholy person^^, and tu the still more 
elevated floors of the chancel and 
sanctuary for the priesthood. 

Another peculiarity of Swindon 
Church is the pcusition of its ancient 
entrance, which is not, (as one would 
elpect from the shape of the tower,) 
through its west tnd, but through its 
north-east side. This entrance is a 
scmicircularly-hcailed aichway adorn- 
ed with two round mouldings springing 
(Vom nouked columns, the capitals of 
which consist of a cleft cushion under 
an abacus similar to that of the other 
parts of this building- The exterior 
doorway of the porch, and a doorway 
into the south aisle, arc of Tudor 
form, but without the characteristic 
square head. 

The upper windows of the tower 
have two scmicircularly-headed open- 
ings divided by a balustre-IIke shaft 
with an early Norman capital. Below, 
in the western face, has been intro- 
duced a pointed window under a 
flowered dripstone on corbels. But 
otherwise this tower is unadorned ex- 
cept by a string course under its pre- 
sent eaves. The only other windows 
of this church deserving notice are 
two trcfoliatcd lancets in the north 
wall of the chancel ; the cast window, 
and a window of the south aisle con- 
(i inures of the 

'-' '■■-■>, an 
nd 



also muplacvd in 

■i\. at arc the altar 

raiU. In tile north 

inrinl burial y\wf — i* 



tar cMMUtri pj oropfaid 153/. 




I cannot conclude this account wi' 
out deprecating the alterations p 
posed to he made in Ihi* church 
cording to a plan designed by 
I'ulljamcs, architect and county si 
veyor, and of which prints have bi 
circulated under the sanction of 11 
reverend Rector. 

This plan chiefly conaists in the 
moval of the Internal maasive wal 
and piers of the nave, togelher w 
the south and west walls of the soul 
aisle ; retaining the present chani 
the north aisle, and the east wall 
the south aisle. But the tower it is 
proposed to disfigure by making an 
opening through its south-eastern 
wall into a vestry, whereby its cha- 
racter would be at once obliterated, 
and its stability materially impaired ! 
and instead of the piers in the nave, 
pillars of light and meagre charact^ 
are to be eubstlluted ; — these alte 
tions, which will cost not less tbi 
I , lOti/. or 1.200?. providing only an 
cession of fifty- seven sitting's 
must further remark that the tower 
cornice, as reprcscnlcd in Mr. Kull- 
jaroes't design, is clumsy and un- 
sightly ; and that a short conical spire 
would be the termination most appro- 
priate to the (tyle. But why not 
leave the tower in its present singular 
serai-ccclesiastical and semi-castel- 
lated character f We have no doubt 
that the exclusion of the weather, and 
a few iron ties, judiciously applie< 
arc all that it requires ; and, should 
larger church be necessary for Uie il 
creasing population of Swindon pari 
let a new one be builti retaining 
interesting old tower, as Its west 
end, and in accordance with its N< 
man character. 

Yours, kc. PLA??TAOErnrT. 



ivc, 

i 

ret. I 



Mb. UaoAN, 

AS the subject of the hor$e'i head I 



/ /.,..„/ 1.... I,. 



''•usa 



I WilUi 



"«>l 



SoCTOV. XVU, sv. *«. »-"'i »«*• 



».] 



7^ Merry LUeyd and Fire-Worithip. 



"Ii b tk« flutam kt ^-^-'i -r. II.. • 
I malu \a IdoHi* ntimeniu • 
itlkmpifiat the ocnntr^, hv 

btttitra, to • gTtmt Urielit, iiit< |ni« being 
omfO—A nt Inrf, lioewnnH, and (iirb 

Kither. 

.1 body 

. rt..,r,f ; 



fftrr 


■ cry (<ouit of (lu- liorLKon, 


llTi 


• '«.. ., R<itK>inethiug trail 


»fc 


t A little; when 


Uirf 


ITT houn and 


1^^- 


• uu.,^ pnrt of the 


^■■L' 


Every one pre 


HWT. 


■, |iiiii«ed through it, 


W > 


■err thrown acrosn 


Ibr 


, while H wiJoden 


fr»Tn- 


feet long, with » 


Ion 


•ne mil, und B Inrge 


rhitc -L.c... . 


i"..u ..vcr if. <■"■■ ■-•!••■• -ho 


VDod uid the 


mun on whn- ,? 




ouTitA, made il> cppcnriri' ' <t 

trectrd with load ahoutii ol * The white 
iout !' and, harin; heen ufely carried by 
k'' 'veraltiinea through 

' 'ip, it pursued the 
, Bcirautuig and laoghiuf^ 
I agked what llir 
S for, and was told it re- 
pfntatod aU e*me.' Pp. \0h, 107. 

Pfr...i-i. ulio have seen Afprry or 
Jtfin /, in Monrnnathshirc, 

wili . igDisetlic jnslnctsdf the 

n, ■■ a wooden frame (pole) 
ight feel loiiK, with a horse's 
bxiKl ti> one end, and a large 
•beet thrown over it, ronrealing 
' and the man on whose head 
K^Hried." I dn not, howeyer, 
!ie horse's head is used 
iny luxlral or piacular 
'peiirs to be llie case at 
il. How far this sig- 
•■■'•"■ by the 
i;ony, it 
,. ,>. .-„> . .uw. usages 
in populai' habits and 
after their original 
flBrAnin< is exploded. 

it mnv, it it curioui to 

1 cxplaiucd in the 

:! rabbi, a circum- 

viilely opens the door 

Mniraonides, in his 

., , Mt • |i ,iiuclor of tho 

•1- n |M- j<e on the sub- 

• J.U the fire, which 

it ion given above 

\ trntbritn: iicarncfs. 

' Im eoMMtendnf thf lUiag$ against 

I 9W tn tkm waned, It U iiojiort«Bt 



•^ - '■' ilial the a<lTorat<<3 of tbi 

lich are destitute of found 
'v, io order to coolirni tbi 
tapcrsiitioiis, and to induce belief in thei 
BrtfnllT intimate that those who do 
||' 11^ by which their (upcr< 

'' iK-da.re alwayt punishi 

li> Mil' ■• or other ; and then 

fore, I' I accidentally happeni, 

they I'A tions or rather 9upef< 

stilions as they wish to practise, hopii 
thereby to induce him to embrace th 
opinions. Thus, since it is well known, 
from the very nature of man, that there ia 
nothing of which men are more afraid than 
of the los» of their property and children, 
therefore the worshippers of fire declared 
and circulated the opinion, that, if they 
did not cause their sons or daughters to 
paiui through the fire, all their child 
would die ; there can be no doubt, there 
fori', but that every one would hast 
diligently to perform it, both from thcif! 
great love to their children, and fear of 
losing them, and because of the facility of 
the art, nothing more t>eing required than 
to Itad Ihr child through the fire, the 
performance of which was rendered still 
more probable by the children being co 
initted to the care of the women, of whoi 
intcllci'tual weakness and conieijuent cri 
dence in such things no one is ignorani 
Hence the Scripture vehemently oppos( 
the action, and uses such argumen 
agninst it as against no other kind 
idolatry whatever, — * He hath given 
hi"! seed to Moloch, to defile my sanctnai 
and to profane ray Holy Name.' (Levil 
XX. 'I.) Moses therefore declares in the 
name of God, that, by that very act by 
whicli they ei|>ected to preserve the lif ' 
of their children, by that act tliey shi 
destroy it ; because God will exterminal 
both him who commits tlie crime, am 
also his family : ' I will set my face 
that man, and against his family 
cut him off.' (Lev. xi. J.) Nevei 
traced of this species of superstition 
still existing ; for we see midwives tal 
ntw-horn children wrapped in swaddli: 
clolhi'S. and wave them to and fro in 
smoke of herbs of an unpleasant odoi 
thrown into the fire, — « relict, no doubi 
of this passing through the tire, and 
which ought not to be suffered. From 
tills we may discover tho perverse cun- 
ning of those men who propagated and 
established their error with i.ui;li per 
fuasive energy, that, although it has bi 
combotcd by the law for more than t 
thousand years, yet vestiges of it are s 
rctiinining." (Towuley's Maimonides, p, 




cr- 

m 



• The title ot tKw 60X6vgaa:TOW<oV »»* j 
il, " The Bcuou ol Viw Viw* <A *"* 



tAaH| 



S4 



Passitig through the fire to Moloch. 



[July. 



^ 



^ 



I 

I 



The origin of this practice may 
obviously be traced to the fact of the 
ataio»pbcrc'B being purified by fire, 
and infectious disorders thereby kept 
off. The next step, which was from 
truth to superstition, would be to sup- 
pose that fire would act os a pre- 
ventive by anticipation. Afterwards 
ensued those horrid practices of burn- 
ing children in the fires of Moloch, 
■with which every reader of the Car- 
thaginian history is familiar. (See 
particularly the articles Moloch and 
Thphtt in the Dictionnaire Mytholo- 
gique of M. Noel, 2 vols. 8vo.' Paris, 
1823, 4th edition.) 

Arthur Young, (father of the cele- 
brated agriculturist,) has collected 
several classical illustrations of this 
practice, in his work on Idolatrous 
Corruptions in Religion, p. 117. and 
the passage is given at length by Mr. 
Townley, p. 360, note xl. without, 
however, correcting the slight mistake 
of " the Council o/Trullo' tor'nTrullo, 
aa he might have done. Mr. Townley 
also notices similarcustoms at Athens, 
ia Scotland in the time of James I. 
(or Clh in the Scottish succession.) 
and in Cornwall, but without ad- 
verting to that in Ireland. M. de 
Sainmoie. in his Histoire de Rus»ie, 
(written to accompany the plates of 
M. David.) mentions this practice as 
still existing in Kussia, when speaking 
of the idol KouPALu. 

" Le temple de ce diru (tuit au milieu 
des csmpagors. II ^loit represrntc- drboiit 
lur un puMcstal, tenant rntre ses mains 
une cspt''ce de come remplie de flenrs ct 
de fruits. C'C-toit U divinity- dp rabon- 
daoce ; on I'imploroit au milieu des plai- 
sir>, de In joie ct di-s festiof . Un ctKliroit 
%» f^te vers le roramcncemeiit de IV'fi-, 
c'est-adire, le 24 Jain, prvciitment le 
in^me jour et prcsque de la m^me manlrre 
nue nonK celrbrons In f^te de St. Jean 
Bsptiste. De jcutiM Kari-oiia et de jeunes 
fillf' ' ' IS. In tftc 

coil .'fmoient 

del t..u, .. .,..;.:.. ,. ,.....„,.,ut legfre- 
ment par-dessus Ice feui qu'on avoit 
aUuiu<'-s. On n'entendoit par tout que 
let (X|ircssiotiii de U joie rl de bonheur, 
et le noin iti- Kni'PAi.n ituit miltr fois 
tff, ■ 

■ vr encore, rjj 
q«' .. ..SI v.v ccttef^'te. On 



ft. 






XiviirJi'tnx of M:iimonidet, 

• .if niuj. 

LoDd. 



pssse dans les festins la nuit qtii prfcMa 
le jour de la f^le. On allume des feox da 
joie, ct Ton danse nutour. Le bas peuplc^ 
en plusicurs eudroits, sppelle Koitax.* 
NiTSA, du nom de cette Divinilf, S.iint^- 
Agrippine, qu'on invoquele m/'me jour."t 
(Vol. 1. p. 9.) 

M. Noel, in his Mythological Die- 
tiooarv already referred to, says (ait. 
Fat.'.) ' 

" Le feu est unc des prinripales diri- 
nit6s des TarUrcs idolAtres. lis ne «e 
loissent point sborder par des ^traaKers, 
saos que ceux-ei sc koient purifies en paa*^ 
sant entre deux feuz." 

And under the same head heobserves 
of the Virginians, (who seem to have 
carried this superstition to the greatest 
extreme,) 

" Quand ocs peupirs revienncnt de 
qitelque rxpedilion uiilitsirc, on qu'iU te 
snieiit licureuseniunt tirt^i de quelque p6ril 
imminrni, ils allumeat un grand fen. et 
temoignent leur joie en dausant ^ I'eotour 
avec une gourde on une soiiaette & la 
main, comme s'ils rendaient graces i est 
element de leur avoir sauvl- la vie." 

He remarks (art. Pvbomaktib.) 

" Quelques auteurs mettent au norobre 
des especr» de pyroinantie I'abominabla 
coutume qu'avaicat certain* peuple orien- 
tflux de faire passer leurs enfants par le 
feu en I'honneur de Moloch. Dtlrio y 
compread aussi la superstition deceuxqui 
examinaieot les sympldtncs des feux 
allumes laveille dr la Saint Jean-Baptiste, 
et la coutume de danser h I'entour, ou de 
snuter par-dejfus." 

Arthur Young has referred, in 
lustration of these piactices, to Virg 
JLa. xi. 78.'i-9; see also a note In 
the Oifoid edition of that classic, 
1820, (nil eilrtion attributed to Dr. 
Pett. of Christ Church.) 

I will only add. that, as the hora 
head represents ali raltlr in Irelail 
the obvious explanation i>. that it ap- 
pears as a substitute foi iluin, und 
that the suppiised benefit °o 

them through It as their rc|< .c. 

Yours. &c. Cvuwau. 



♦ The Khht- P*ftn. In )i»» Abr^ J 



ll.ougU virUuUy **vV^^'^'^ ^"l 



IMJO 



D'Jubignft History of the Reformation. 



]ite.DBBAK, Cork, jtpril 8. 

tt'trnJimmul from I'uL XIX. p. 593.) 

RbI, n« " 'Iv over the»c oni] 

tOBtc othi . ncipsof little tno- 

, my aufi'ii'iii i« more seriously 

Bircd »t |">K< 24.'» of the aanic 

■ ' ■- M. n'Aubign<?, after 

J 3 on the salutary fruits 

.il">n, inlroiluced and 

\i\ • H rlictorical nourishes 

Ih' ln't Ubte, proceeds and 

' Thus everything progressed, 

Jilerkturc, purity of worship, and 

kinds of prince and people," In 

tlineation of history, however. I 

ftt discover much tu corroborate 

compteheosivc vauulings. It 

Tr is nut in the character of our 

icary, or his court, nor in that of his 

(tors and their agents of reform, 

itird to ui in the dark eiposures 

ir. Krascr Tytler, from docu- 

UniHilary evidence, (State Papers, vol. 

'i- -• ' Dr. Taylor; nor again, in 

as depicted by the former 

(History of Scotlnnd, vol. 

. 3'Jt and p. 353,) or antecedently 

BberlsOD, (vol. i. p. .160.) The 

}ani>h prioceChriftlicrn 11. will hardly 

[kastald M D'Aubignc's encotniuin, 

Inot ' ' of Braodenbei^, Ulrich 

t>{\\ . or I'hiliji of llcssc, to 

vhom. tcsp. i.lively, their dominions 

[were principally indebted for the cs- 

|tabli»h(Dcnt of Lulboranlstn. S^bortly 

er, we cncouiilrr Henry the Fourth 

of France, the most licentious of men, 

[xrhute inamlinnirc prodiijirvK is the 

Itbtme of every annalist, while raarrh- 

[ing in front of reform, its hero and 

Still, he was not charge - 

abominations of his 

•essor, for whose" raig- 

' or, as (jualified by Henry 

^latii^iiig the assassination of 

. bv the Duke 

iii'lH.p. 31, 

ais ill: tuuchctte," wc 

a parallel in the fa- 

" iporary, our 

:i, in his cor- 

c I iC'sidcnt Jcan- 

I mended bv Lord 

, = ..D, 31 May, \Ta2. 

IC50. )2uio.) desig- 

hy an anatterable 

nlion, ciiarilably 

ard, hat nnfor- 

^ib from the re« 



ItJ of 1:: 
whom t 
tti'. 



cent disclosures of the British Muacui 
and State Paper OfSce (Von Kau 
mer's Beilriige ziir neuren Gcschich 
aus Brittische Museum, Erster Band) 
and tha fact of his presence at thi 
murriage of the infamous Soraersef 
only to be accounted for, according 
Mr. Mackay, (Popular Deln»ions, vol 
ii. p. 235.) by the fear of betrayal fro 
his accomplice in guilt, is by ni 
means in his favour. But the matter' 
repels discussion ; and, as Tacitus 
states of the laws of the Germans on 
such subjects, (Germania, cap. xii.) 
" flagitia abscond! oportet," — words, 
observe, to which Montesquieu, (Es< 
prit dcs I^is, xxx. 19) attaches a lei 
depraved construction. Sec, howev^ 
the note of Lipsiua on the passage ; 
is an honourable defence of Gennant 
virtue, and strong in the expression 
his own abhorrence of the corruptio 
An able review of Mr. Jesse's Mi 
moirs of the Stoartf, in the Gent. M 
for February 1840, is well worth con- 
sulting relative to James. 

Far, indeed, was that age from 
D'Aubign^'s representation, and moi 
profligate as well as unprincipled in 
its emergent cliaiacters, both Pro- 
testants and Catholics, The massaci 
of St. Bartholomew forms, it is true, 
terrible exception ; but Philip H. was 
not more odious than Henry VHI. or 
Christiern H. monsters in robes of 
royalty, and no court could be more 
deeply sunk in debasement than that 
of James, where we are assured by an 
eminent contemporary. Sir John Har- 
rington, that drunkenness was not 
unfrequent indulgence even with fi 
males of the first class. (Nugn Ant 
qu:c. Park's edition, vol. i. p. 349< 
Although in the reign of Henry VH 
there were on our statute-book on 
fourteen or fifteen capital offenci 
which, under George HI. exceeded o 
hundred and fifty, the number of 
executions by the axe or halter, during 
that tyrant's role, amounted to seventy- 
two thousand, and, under Elizabeth, 
to seventeen thousand six hundred. 
(See Sir H. Cavendish's Parliamentary 
Debates of 27th November, 1770.) 
The History of England, according to 
Voltaire, should be written by the 
executioner. And to the delusion of 
witchcraft, Stc. Vhe tatrvftwa "i^xwa^^* 
out the C.hT\a\.ia.n Nijot\i, t'CvW xoot* 
accutnuliOcd, fit we fciii\Mt<l ^i'? ^^' 
Mackay. ^to\. u.o.\^'l.VvttYiolv.«*N»-^ 




M 



Borrow'i DihU in Spain. 



[July. 



I 



» 






than CothoUc states, surpassed in 
sanguinary effusion even the )iolo- 
cau6ts of the Inquisition. Well may 
both sides have adopted the song of the 
furies of Ihc guillotine, which so often 
rung in myears during 1793and 17W. 
■' Du sang, dn sang I il fiut du sang ; 
Versons ^ boire h U machine ■ 
Pour abreuver la guillotioe, 
II faut da sang, du sang." 
See also Chandler'e American Trials, 
(vol. i.) 

There would, in fact, seem to have 
existed rather a rivalry of evil than of 
good between the variant sects of that 
period i and nothing can less bear the 
test of history than the arrogated 
moral superiority of Protestant sove- 
reigns or people. On this subject I 
can advance testimony which the 
marked favour manifested by M. D'Au- 
bign^ for its source, should powerfully 
weigh with him. At page 241 of his 
third volume, the Arnauld family, so 
prominent in the annals of IVirt-Koyal, 
is mentioned in terms of highest praise, 
andcomplacently, though most untruly, 
aggregated to the abettors of reform, in 
our controvertist's sense of the word. 
The chief of the name in talent, cele- 
brity.and influence, was, beyond doubt, 
the younger Antoine, distinguished, 
consequently, kot i^xh* ""l fffpaaiv, 
as " Le Grand Arnauld," who, in his 
"Apologie pour les Catholiqucs cen- 
tre lea Faussetds de M. Jurieu," vol. 
ii. p. 332, (edit. 1CS2, in 12mo.) thus 
exprfsiea his view of the question. 
" Cette premiere ferveur apparente, 
doot ces pr^tendus r<!formateurs t&- 
chaient d'^blouir le monde, s'est bien- 
tAt evanouie. Dieu a renonvell^ si 
visiblement dcpuis ce temps — M. son 
(sprit de gr&ce et de saintete' en un 
grand nombra de personncs de I'Eglisc 
Cathulique, qu'il nc faut (|ue comparer 
ces deux Eglises, puur juger sans (wino 
qui est cellc qui a plus de marques 
d'etre la veritable Epouec du Kits de 
Dieu, otl rdside son esprit, et oil il ti- 
pand ees gr&cea.'' This i» the evl- 
0*nce of a witness invoked by M. 
O'Aubign^, as above cited, on his own 
aide. Of Ju: • ■ ;. ^j 

Amaald.) 1 > at 

p. 382, • - 
ProtMt 
woald I 
foa/e/T- 
oa Call. 



is our virgin queen, Eliiabetl 
" Nous ferions aussi un gms catalogu 
dc Saints, si nous voulions Ic com- 
poser de tous les honnestes gens, 
reconnus pour tels, qui ont (tx ilc 
notre parti . Nous y mettriotis la reine 
K1i?.abct d'Aogleterte," &c. are his 
words. "Ab unrf disce omnes." 
And Jurieu himself, in his " Avia 
aux protcstans," which precedes Wa 
" Pr^ug^s Legitimes contrc le Pa- 
pi8rae,"(jVmster. 1685,1 2mo.)aeknow. 
ledges, " que le plus grand de tons lea 
maux des Protcstans de I'Europe, 
c'est leur extrfcmc corruption," At 
this day, however unjustly, the 
English Government is considered on 
the Continent as destitute of all 
principle; but for the people, the 
emphatically Protestant people of 
England, can imagination form a more 
hideous picture of corruption, than 
that exhibited in the parli.nmentary 
reports, more especially in those by 
Lord Ashley? Let it be placed in 
parallel with the description presented 
to us by Mr. Borrow, the Bible 
Society's chosen missionary, of the 
Spanish people, the most t'atholic is 
Europe, and yet, in the delineation of 
this irrefragable authority, the purest 
and noblest, notwithstanding the con- 
stant misnile, civil and political, of the 
country. And, if Ignorance of the 
Bible be a reproach to the one, do we 
find it better understood by the other, 
who reckon Goliath and Pontius Pilate 
among the disciples of our Lord t Nor 
should it be forgotten, that to Spain 
we owe the riasT Christian edition 
of the Old Testament in the original 
Hebrew, with the Chaldee paraphraae 
of the Pentateuch, and the first »m- 
paESSioKB of the Septuaginland New 




TeSitOmcnt m Krr-.a 


T innr :itt.l ihat 


in " 


v'a 


fltn. 


■Kite 


kn-i 


,>rople cannot 


be 


trrt hr the 


scriptuial iiiatiiu, li 


l>« 


udped iiv it"^ fruit, '■. 


:'Ce 


lii ■ ■ ■ 


tif then religion 


srlf 


source br hla 


t«>t 


•■'- hi. 


Hi IV 


I)« 




.if 




tin. 




— i,.ni no 




.N(\\ AMMlVtltA 


JIU 11.11, — » u.... 


^^^\ cciTifiiitiLA Xiy 




CaUhation o/lht Artt by i'aihelict and Protestants. 



^ 



coarBrrebce, in ' >(i 

Macanlay'toDJu^t ion 

tit tht»t r«coi(l9 of the grvm order's 
Utean. i;[^uay», vol. i. article 
Mwhianlli.) 

A* for the advauce in arts aod 
Blerature here anuiD^d, the ilfliisire 
panUtigiiw, " po«t hoc. rrgn ob hoe," 
I* wjlh r vieUled ; 

far tkc lu nd pre- 

eidcd the iirirfruaiiiiii, wmc'i, like the 
fr«Bch ReTolotion. for some time at 

U*M, rati" - ■ '",1 than accelerated 

Uw imgi aiul improvement ; 

and tke iii.,^. ^^ ... 1. 1 v -ii^'at,,.!, m every 
tense was far more v felt in 

Trmncv .nnd !!alv ti „land, or 

»«) The press 

was. ... ning organ ; 

bat, ID KoglauiJ, during that whole 
iTwi^^rr, not a ringle citable classic, 
ible impression of 
mc, was produced ; 
li'j iiiCurUs ut bibliOKraphy will 
lutjate. that the I'riiitt of the 




'r«m Veil 



iMy more numerous 
. and Lyons, only 
*'i.Tn from the 
l»nt Europe, 
V .|..v .-I.S his surprise 
it, even on theological 
. number of publications 
ad^ralcd on the Catholic Bide. 
'iii.'^rV Annates Typographici, 
Icven volumes 4to. with 
id Allgemeines Biblio- 
iKltts Lexicon, Leipsic, 1821 — 
3Yolt.4to. and Haliara's Literary 
ton' uf Sixteenth and Seventeenth 
centuries, vol. ii p. 2o6. 

Aod. if .| the comparison, 

as ihtts the olhir depart- 

ments of iiv,ii/;ui.jn, can a competition 
be f'.ir a moment sustained in paint- 
etatnary, ordiiticlure, or music r 
mit^ivinjgs. itideed, escape M. 
olwEni- i.r. tiii-> rivalry. " Let 
Rooian ' 1." he says (vol. 

ill. (>. . •:• Itself 'in being 

mo' . to 

tkt . en 

MOfe »</." Ut ijuickly rtcuvert, how- 
ftw, (ton thi» forced acknowledge- 
mml. and conrludes. In respect to 
motic, by aiscrtiiig, "that the impulse 
eotr: . I to it at the period of 

tfcf ion has more recently 

Ciiui !■«. :; ,.i no' ' 3. which 

ecmnii'l Ui. ur; '-^l point 

tuv umiunl til* 



ith 

1 



ference from this bold assertion would 
be, that to Protestantism sacred music 
was most, if not exclusively, indebted; 
while on the contrary, it was from 
the sphere of Catholicity that the 
alleged impulse proceeded, and there, 
too, has its subsc'iucnt influence be< 
ever most felt i for, with the reserve 
Handel, the family of Bach, and vei 
few more, it would be difficult to dii 
cover a name of first distinction in tl 
opposite rank.«. GlUck may have be 
born of Protestant parents ; but '. 
passed his whole professional life with 
Catholics, who, as I have heard Bom< 
of his friends alhrm, always considen 
him as of their body ; and every Itali 
composer, from Palestri na, the "Musi 
Princeps" of the sixteenth cenlury] 
to Rossini of our own day, was, as 
might be expected, a Catholic. And 
even of tiie Germans, the most emineol 
— iiaydu, the matchless Ilaydn, 
Dr. Burney (iv. 590) distinguishes 
him, Mozait, Weber, and Hcelhoven, 
all Catholics, arc surely unsurpassed 
in emulation of merit. As the un- 
deniable result of relative celebrity it 
the arts, the Catholics, in this a 
other branches, will be found to oul 
number their opponents fourfold 
least. And, for those hymns, ofwhii 
with their accompanying chaunt, tl 
composition and effects are so laud 
whatever may have been their com' 
bined power, it will hardly be ur^ 
in comparative influence with the 
universal admiration and deep pathos 
of those of Rome, on which the great 
masters of harmony have, for centuries, 
exercised their talents. It was not 
from his native idiom that Goethe 
selected the hymn, which so sensitively 
affected poor Gretchcn, (the familiar 
abbreviation of Margaret.) in thi 
cathedral, when the Evil Spirit 
■' Bozer Gtist," impressed on hi 
mind her contrasted feelings, on hei 
ing this pious clTusion, "the Dii 
Itie," in her days of former innocence 
and actual guilt, (Faust, p. 323, ed. 
Tubingen, 1825 ) . The " Stabat Mater" 
of Rossini excites at this moment the 
ruthusiaslic applause of the musical 
world J and the touching canticle has 
ever been a theme of predilection and 
BchicvemcDt of renown to the most 
eminent professors of the art — to 
I'alestrina. to Pergolesi, who, how- 
ever, lived itol VolennmV,^ )a» ^w 



liar 

i 




Hymnt of the Church. 



and to Haydn.* (See Burney's History 
of MuBic.'vol. i. p. ff/. witli GrCtry'a 
" Essai sur la Musiquc," edit. 1829, 
tODiC i. p. 421.) I need not enumerate 




[July, 



those other tnonuments of religioul 
sensation, so profoundly felt by Scotf 
and Oiiethc, which enrich the Koman 
Missal, while, to the old German com- 



• The rhyiniag or assonant measure 
of these hymns greatly facilitates their 
cbauQted recitation, and was first intro- 
duced by St. Ambrose. St. Hilary, St. 
Gregory the Great, Gregory VII. (Ilil- 
debrand,) Innocent 111. with several 
other poutifl's, are numbered in the list uf 
their compoieni among whom Thomas 



Aqainei must also he distinguished. By 
desire of Pope Urban IV. he wrote, in 
136'2, the " Lauda Sion Salratorem," in 
celebration of the feast of " Corps 
ChriKti," and sonic of the stanzas are I 
striking spirit. I may instance the fif 
and twi-lnh, (u which I annex what ' 
be found a venr inferior Greek version. 



" Sit lans plena, sit sonora, 

Sit jucunda, sit decora, 

Mentis jubilatio.'' 

XH. 

" Quod nan capis, quod non Tides, 
Aoimosa hrmnt Ada'! ; 
PriEter rcrum ordinem." 

The " Pange Lingua Gloriosi t'oqioris 
Mysterium," not less rigorous in thought 
and eipression, with the " Adoro Te," 
were also composeil by the Angelic 
Doctor. St. Ambrose was the author of 
the " Veni Creator," sung at Pentecost, 
'and of the ".lesu! nostra Redcmptio," 
destined to commemorate the Ascension. 
The poet Prudentius, who died ia 39.), 
likewise wrote some of the more ancient 
hymns. (But sec the ' ' Thesaurus Pontifi- 
calia'' of K. Rocca, Roma; 174.i, 2 vols. 

The continental, at least the French, 
derived, it is slated, by Guido .Vrrtino, 
abont the jrcar 102U, from the hymn 
follows, to which I, as before, adjoin 



'H&i/s »(rToj oKoKayfidr, 
Ta>v (pptvtaif Ku\ nf}motdrjs* 

"O y'oi Xa/i/3iii>(ic, opnr rt, 
ni'oTir rXddfioe €K\'pu<'t, 
Kal wnp' <ipfiop TiiittyituTWV. 
folio.) Dante occasionally, and always iii_ 
impressive reference, quotes these hymns 
Thus, in bis I'urgatorio, we find, 

" Tr Lucia ASTK, si dcvotanicntc 
Glinsci di bocca con si dolci note, 
Che fece nic a nie uscir di mcnte." 
I'tirgntorio, Cant. viii. t. 13. 

.\ud, nt the close of Canto IX. 

" I mi rivoisi attento al primo tuono) 
Rt Te UadM LAiinAMCti, mi parca 
Udir in voce mista al dolce suono." 

gamut, " ut, re, mi, fa, sol, la," \ 
a Ucnedirtine (or CanialdoUan) mo 
Baptist, 



on the birth of St, John Uic 
a feeble Greek translation : — 




' Ut queant laxia 
Kasonare fibril 
Mira gcstoruui 
FAmuli tuorum^ 
SoLvc polluti 
LAbii rcatum, 
Sancte Joannes '. 

This musical scale has been thus ex- 
preascd. (.Pabricii Uibliothocu Mcdiic ct 
Infimir Lalinilstis, torn, ii.) 

" Cur idhibes trisli numeros osntnuique 

lahori : [tAbores." 

Ut bkIcvcI Miserum rAtam aoLitoique 

correapooding to our C, D, K, F, B, A. 
The Italians, as they rouoeive, for 
rtiphouy. have substituted tlir mono- 
syllahli- BO for it. (Str Bumey'c 



'Qr hwrjaavTui KtKaiiiv Xiyd'ur, 
Qoiz/kit' Ipyav aov BtfhinoifTn i<r0\ui. 
Xci'Xcnc Xvirai ^oXc^oC niaafut, 
0(( luxicff), 



Fontfiino, Racine, and La llaipe; iiiid, in 
Kngland, by Drydcn, Southwell, and hi 
lA>rd Roscommon. who has bestsuccecdc 
And that, perhnpa, in one of the tno 
diirioult of corresponding transfusion, 
" Dies Irn:." The second line of III 
thrilUng effort of devotion, " Solvf 
sa'clum in favilln,'* is, 1 perceive, cl 

llip T'fii Ui HI Itrr^iiii-.' fa 



,l.' 



-.1 



Mi?' 


if, vol. li. p. %S. Mviisgr, 


lUu ^.yhd. 


•J^Oi 


' Langu« Fran^ise, article 


of hit woi' 
chamrd r ^ ...: -. 


^^^H 


III i of tliese canlida 


tnrifti M..' !' riK '. 'ii 


^ 


ka — „....J by ConwlUe, U 


BiMC «UmW^, uil uuvu 



Chvrch Mutic.—Lttcat Cranach. 



I. wu irittv ciiticur Willi Burncy 
t ing thi> liacR uC 
, little varied io 

"As if <i««r mtuto were inlf nded 
Fat notbuix «U« bnt tu be nufnOcd." 

ler of tlip incKlcrn 
. music roa^t, of 
uui»t, ti!. iJiliLrcBlljT appreciated. 
Atdtaof di- SlBcl, in her " Gerraany," 
■p. sr> lUo« iJi«rriininMpR tlifse 
•t Kcbonli. " La musiquc dea 
lltmaodt rst plus varice que cellc des 
(tiliro*, ct c'cst rii cela pcat-olrc 
I'elie cat moint bonae i I'ceprit est 

tk*a tkr hromcly out|iouringi of medlteval 
ttnenr ; "I) ritv Aaof rnii \(ti(TToii 
nW Btfiy okfj T§ )(apfiia uiVf(Tat, 
nyf't frrofuiri Kaff tKatmji' 
vinns cf 
J of St. 

........ , , ir of the 

act on NapoIcoD of eburcli 

II< jBid rtiaunt li«« bfpn tlir frc<|nciit 

rk ttf hiM ntt*t%HitTtta nnd histurinTis. 

■ Bonrripiinr, 

ii inr Itonn- 

i... <i.i> jv M ui jiiniiii» tu 

! U rcntrndait avec drlices.. 

U voix ^moe quand il me 

Cela me rappt^le Ics preuiures 

n ({Ue J'ai passi'ea a Briciine. J'utaia 

Here the mighty con- 

iy explains what tu his 

....„„r,,j gf fac\i arduous 

with the humble 

ction of his com- 

cnce ; and, well may each 

that happy state exclaim, 

jfiapofuUf raimj); r^s di^^ris fit 
yiyuKTKto," Who can hear, 
oaaStdrd, or nitlmut iume timilar re- 

these simple in- 

|» " Adcste Fidelcs," 

and the I'nscal 
liK I" In million's 
11 ne may repeat — 

fymplion]' Uiry introduce 
•cos, and waken raptvrei Iiish." 

I believe, on Patotrina't violin 
iwing antillietic distich itm 



' ilura occlaa securl ; 
I It dulce MB».") 




cotulainno h la varii^tc ; c'est &a luisj 
qai en est la cause; mais Ics arts, 
comroc le ientiment, uot uoe admirable 
monotonie, celle donton voudrait faire 
un nioment eternal." This is true ia 
fact, and beautiful in diction. 

With still less restrained hardihood 
of assertion, Lucas Cranach, a Ger 
man painter, a friend and follower 
Luther, is called, at page 242 of the 
third volume, " the great master of 
the age." It would not be easy to 
evince greater contempt, I must say, 
for the taste or inlormatlon of his 
readers than these words betray, and 
thus confidently to elevate io supre- 
macy of position, an almost unluiown 
artist, in presence of the glories of the 
profession, and of that age which 
generated Michael Angclo, Raffaelle, 
Titian, the omniscient da Vinci, Sebas- 
tian del Plombo, Gialio Romano, 
Bastiniano, Corrcggio.Ccllini, Holbein, 
with so many more, the contempora- 
ries of M. D'AubigD^'s obscure and 
most ill-chosen champion. And if, in 
the comprehensive latitude of the 
eulogist's language, we stretch our 
comparative view to the succeeding 
years of that century, what a refulgent 
mass of Catholic renown signalizes, 
hy birth or achievement, its further 
course, from Paul Veronese to Claude 
Lorrain, born in 1600, and its last 
offspring ! Until lately the name of 
Cranach would be vainly sought for 
in our dictionaries ; nor was it other- 
wise in France, ns I learned from the 
curators of the Louvre, where some of 
his works arc now, however, to be 
seen. The most admired is " St. 
John in the Wilderness," in which 
Meianclhon figures ns the Saint; but 
another, Hercules and Omphale, re- 
presents John Krcderick, the reformed 
Elector of SoTony. encircled by his 
miflrofcK, ftllhough the recognised 
head of Protestantism, and declared 
chief of its confederation, the league 
of Smalkalde. But, in every sense, 
Cranach was of subordinate instead of 
primary talent ; " son dessein *tant 
mesquin, et d"un caractJrc nppauvri." 
(See Hubcr's Catalogue du f'nbinct dc 
M. Brindes, l^ipzig. I7!)<, 8vo.) It 
was thus that Pope blazoned the fame 
of poor Jervas, now only known by 
bis translation of Don Quixote, but 



M 




30 



CathoVte Paiiittrs. 



[Jdy, 



wbom the poet would make the b«- 
aociale of hU own immortality. 
"Bmit with the love of 5l«trr-«ii» we c«mo, 
And met congenial, ininKtln^ flume wilh 
flune." BfUUf to Jerrat.' 

To the flood of light poured from the 
bosom of catholicity on this challenged 
field of contest, what character of com - 
meosurate splendour, we may a«lc, 
does the adverse side produce, in any 
degree like a fitting competition : Eng- 
land offers no transcendent name ; and 
in the sister walk, in architecture, 
loigo Jones, the undisputed chief, 
adhered to the ancient faith, while, 
from the whole compass of Profestanl- 
ism, one great master, Albert Durer, 
truly great, yet single and solitary, 
issues of equivalent eminence. Vesari 
Appears unacquainted even with the 

* I have not found it observed, tboaj;h 
olnioiu on oompariaon, that the exordial 
invocation of Pope's Messiah, 

"OTTiou my voice inapire!" 

Who touchert laaiati's hallown) lip'" with fire, 
ii borrowed almost Uternliy from the 
prayer introductory to the liriit daily 
Gospel in the Roman Mifsnl. " Munds 
cor meam el labia mca, omnipotens Dcua, 
f|u! labia laais prophetic caIcuIo mundosti 
l^ito.'' These words were, of course, 
familiar to Pope, bom in the bosom, and 
edacntcd by a clergyman, of the Roman 
Catholic communion, wha<>e mass he must 
most frequently have served when the rite 
could only be celebrated in domestic 
privacy ; but he merely refers to Iminh, 
chap. vii. He. and to Virgil'a fourth 
Eclogue, or Pollio. Dr. Joboaon, in bit 
Teraiou of the Messiah, does not advert to 
this mOKt probable source of Pope's 
thongbt, and in all likeUboodwas unaware 
of it, as Warburton equally was, and 
Wartoo. I cannot soy whether tbe sub- 

nuent editorf were. 
f we are to believe Pope, as recorded 
by Walpolc li. ' ' "• f Painting, 
the above nun i irvis) was 

little tr-\""i>i i ...i- "f his 

author. uion 

of Dp' I. it 

»<■• ^lislj, 

wl lu 

U.. : :l.-.- 

3;- ii„ 



tiixuiiil after* uda, from VVoipole's Aikc- 
dotes. 



existence of Cranach, but devotes many 
a page nf his attractive volumes (Fla> 
rence, Giuuli, l5Ga) to the eulogy of 
Durer, whose genius, inferior per* 
haps to none in native endowment, 
solely wanted that refinement of taaUr, 
or ultimate finish, which the contem- 
plation and rivalship of excelleocr, 
then aad now chiefly presented io 
Italy, could alone impart, to rank 
amongst the foremost of his professioD, 
M. D'Aubigne, however, most un- 
authorizedly (vol. tii. p. 243) assigna 
his master-pieces to the period which 
fallowed, in order to make thera tht 
inspirations of, his conversion ; for 
the best of thero, the "Crucifixion," 
which now adorns the imperial gallery 
of Vienna, bears the distinct date of 
1511. liis " Execution of the Mar- 
tyrs " is marked 1508 ; and his "Adam 
and Kve."with the "Adoration of the 
Magi," eoually anteredcd the Refor- 
mation. This event he suivived only 
a few years, during which he certainly 
produced nothing superior io achieve- 
ment to these, his acknowledged mas- 
terpieces. As au engraver his merit 
was equally great, and, from the wider 
dissemination of his productions, 
much more diffusively known. See 
Gent. Mag. for July 1839, p. 34, and 
August p. 118, with Mr. Jackson's 
"History of Wood Engraving." (1839.) 

" The church of Rome," wrote 8lf 
Oavid Wilkie (Life by A. Cunning- 
ham, vol. i.) from Italy in Ifl27, " h«a 
ever been the nurse of arts, but paint- 
ing has been its favourite child. Tbe 
art of painting seems made for the 
service of Christianity — would that the 
Catholics were not the only sect that 
had seen its advantages." Mr. West- 
macott in his Lectures is not less 
enipliatic, while far more extensive in 
the Asaertion of Catholic patrooagp, 
embracing as it did the whole circle of 
the Fine Arts. 

The contrasted tffecl* on man's de- 
votion, fioio Ihc presence or absence 
of the olijecls of art in temples of 
worship, and the advantage in this 
f . spc •. nf Catholic practice,ar* forcibly 

; t'r.,.,,.,1 in feehiller'a " M«ria 

•he 

as 

I'uultt, ,■'.■.■ pr- 

Hiittcr dtr Mn in 



IM8.1 

}(tMn Enter Aufzog, 
irilt.") 



Memotrt of the Sover Family. 



Sechster Auf- 



rihlt, 



icnttn- 



K t' qttoll, 

nif. 



: poi 



Uerrn, 

T%**trr v&n Sektllrr, Virrtrr Band. 
T>tHmfni,\W7,p.V. 

far, as relates to the Fi.mi Abts, 

rniic's pretfnsions, wlietbcr Id 

n or lasinuation, will appenr, 

SRitber Dri»uccc'3°rull)' nor uii- 

iDterrd ; although the rr- 

ir its secesiuiy efTect. has 

lengthriiri) than I would 

led. And the same necessity 

- , r.r.irccd to consider 

-. for, as a great 

jiki>, " Unc Tienc 

Dtcoir des rrreurs, qu'il ^ul 

umfs ti'im uriilrr." My au- 

.1 c studious- 

- own creed, 

uui, on any cuuiestable point. 

Yourf, &c. J. R. 

(To br conli««td.> 



Mk.Ursar, n II. 2nd. May. 

I NOW beg to send you the con- 
100 o( my account of the family 
, whicn I commenced in your 



lit, 



;ril. 



!<•. I find, to give the 

c. . , .u.u Rover's wife, and I 

tn lake this opportunity of sup- 
ine omission. Mrs. Dover was 
icr of George .Malbon, 
t of the Malbonst of 
rtey, in the county of Chester. 
|||xt Jan. 3, 1794, having turvived 
Btbaod somewhat more than 
ymr>. By her Captain Bover 
IOC, as 1 have before stated, no 
! believe, than eighucn children, 

f the preceding volume. 
' Brsuurj iiall, wini its demesne, iru 
■} ccntiiriei the property sod re. 
I pf tUt (omriv. nwl wiu rraiited by 
Joaaaa, 4a«cUtc: I Wll. 

liwB MaOiMiL Un . M,to>icr 

mu Villitia Mtitfoa. 




ST 

bat several of that number died ia 
early life. TIioso wlio survived to 
more advnnccd years were as follow 1 

1. George, of whom, being the la«t 
MMvivinf; male descendant of the ra< 
mily, I will speak herealter. 

2. John, who was lnooght up t^j 
the naval profession, and after serving 
the accustomed period as a midshlp«i 
man, was appointed, by Vice-Adra. Sir 
Peter Parker, then Commander-in 
Chief of the Fleet at Jamaica, Sccodi 
Lieut, of H.M.S. the Lion. Th 
promotion took place on the 9th of 
March, 1780 j and, after remaining 
about three years in the Lion, Lieu> 
tenant Bover was transferred to 
M.M.S. the Canada. He did not, 
however, remain long in that ship, 
for, in 1784, we find him holding tha 
commission of Lieutenant in H.M.S. 
Centurion, of 60 guns, of which also 
he was Lieutenant at Aims. Whilst 
filling this honourable position he waa 
unfortunately 'eized with illness, and 
before many weeks had elapsed fell a 
victim to the climate of the West 
Indies, in the prime of life, and de> 
votedly attached to his profession, in 
which, had his life been spared, there 
is every reason to believe he would 
have considerably distinguished him- 
self. In one of his letters 10 a friend, 
in England during his station at Ja. 
maica, he writes in these spirited 
terms; "On board the Lion. We hare 
had a tolerable successful cruize, but 
it seems very strange to hear in every 
other quarter of some brave naval ac- 
tion, whilst we hitherto, except during 
the alarm from the Comte U'Estang, 
have cruized in perfect safety, and in- 
tuited the enemy even at the mouth 
of their own harbour. I must con- 
fess," he adds, " it is highly unsatis- 
factory to be so totally excluded from 
the opportunity of gaining credit in 
one's profession." 

3. Henry, who was also brought 
up to the naval profession, and served 
for some lime on board H.M.S. Sand- 
wich, but was, alas! cut off in the 
vigour of youth even at a still earlier 
period in his career than bis brother 
John. He died at sea whilst »erving 
as a midshipman, but 1 am not awara 
to what ship he was then attached. 

4. William, who by his own choice 
adopted the profession of arms, and 
aetervd the service at an early age aa 
an Entigu ia tLc &\)kk ?ooV. W« vm,i 



d^ 




32 



Mem6trs of the Dover Family. 



[Jnlv, 



I 



anerwards rxcliangccl into the 4l9t, 
which lattui' corps he joined at Hilsen 
Barracks in 1"'*". He served for 
some lime with this regiment in Ire- 
land, and on the 28th February, 1790, 
was promoted to the rank of Lieu- 
tenant. The •lUl Foot stood St this 
period, I should say, as high in mi- 
litary estimation as nuy regiment in 
the IJritish army. It was then com- 
manded by Major-General Stirling, 
and under the Lieut, -Colonelcy o( Sir 
Charles Gordon ; and the great hero 
of the age, the Duke of Wellington, 
was serving in it — a youthful subal- 
tern — having joined the regiment in 
the same year as Lieut. Dover. In 
17Q3 the 4 1 St was ordered out to the 
West Indies, and Lieut. Uover accord- 
ingly sailed with his regiment in the 
latter part of that year from Cork. He 
had no sooner, however, arrived at his 
destination than he began to exhibit 
evident symptoms of decline from the 
effects of the climate, and before the 
end of the year following the grave had 
closed on another member of this fa- 
mily, whose proftssional career pro- 
mised in after years to have shed a 
lustre on his name. He died univer- 
sally respected and beloved both by 
the officers and men of the regiment, 
and having deservedly gained a cha- 
racter by his honorable and upright 
conduct, which long survived in the 
recollection of his companions in arms. 
5. I'eler. who was born fith Oc- 
tober, 177'^, and, adopting his father's 
profession, entered the navy in 1789. 
as a volunteer on board H.M.S. Per- 
£CU3. In the course of the same year 
he was removed to the Queen, and in 
1768 we find him serving on board 
H.M.P. Crown, a 64-gun ship, then 
bearing the broad pennant of the Ho- 
Dourable Commodore, afterwards Ad- 
miral Corowallis. Here young Bover 
contracted an intimacy and friendship 
with the late Sir Christopher Cole. 
K.C.B. (who was an officer in the 
■Bine ship), which continued lu exist 



with unabated fervpt;- i-'. 


-■■ thcit tc- 


speclive lives. To ' 


Admirnl 


Cornwallis he woj) 


M, ,< ,.., 


ecvrral uccaf'ixiis for his 




in the iicrvici. .iiid fur i. 




feeling an 


'l in his 


behalf, wi 


'1 timns 


towardi. him m tv 


■■f. 


lie had also the r 


'■C 



come the favoured proteg(5 of Admiral 
AlHock, who, in one of his letters to 
the family, after speaking of his con- 
duct in the service, adds: "A Dover 
will always find friends in the navy; 
it is a name which will ever be dear 
to the service." Our hero was ap- 
pointed a Lieutenant of H.M.S. Mi- 
nerva aoih Sept. 1793, and was sub- 
sequently for some time in the Ex- 
cellent, and the Caesar. In the year 
1796 he was appointed First Lieu- 
tenant of H.M.S. London, of 98 guns, 
bearing the flag of Admiral Sir Joho 
Colpoys, G.C.D. ; and his brave and 
intrepid conduct as an officer of that 
ship, on the occasion of the Mutiny at 
the Nore in the following year, is 
matter of historical record. The mu- 
tineers, it will be remembered, had de- 
termined upon holding a convention 
of delegates on board the London, 
which the adroirni as determinedly 
opposed ; and the former, finding that 
they were resisted, fiied upon the ship, 
and wounded a marine officer. Lieut. 
Dover seeing this gave orders to (he 
marines to fire upon the delegates, 
which they did, and five of the party 
were killed. The seamen of the Lon- 
don, in consequence of the death of 
the delegates by the firing of the ma- 
rines, then seized Lieutenant Bover, 
and were proceeding to suspend him 
from the yard-arm for the orders he 
had given, but through the interces- 
sion of several of the crew, by whom 
he was greatly beloved, and in con- 
sequence of Admirol Colpoys assuring 
them that he had acted strictly ia 
compliance with the orders received 
from the Admiralty, they consented to 
spare his life, and contented them- 
selves by making him and the other 
officers close prisoners to their cabin*. 
Lieut. Dover's letters about this period 
are of so interesting a natuic, that 1 
avail myself of the opportunity I hap> 
pen to iiave allorded mc of making a 
f.... ,, fijjjjj them. In his first 

lion after the outbreak, 
li,.,,,. i.oBport, May 11, 1797." he 
writes thas : 



1 



rjeoMiJ luui^ ■iiK'i^ liie biuinru." 

In n f uliftrrmrr.t lotd-r iIaIimI n^ 



The Mutiny at the Nore. 



83 



bethi Uu London, Mar l^th, l~97.bc 
irHlet us rolloirs : 

-, I woulil attempt to 



, "My Umt- . - . 

■tc fOB ipntienlar cccount ul thk an 

r ba«iae«( were tt not from the «p- 

BC« ef Ihinir* i( i* nioct likely I 

' I g 60 by 

at any 

li shall 

[tunitc 

<cd mjr 

|ra*p KMbly, 

:<i^ beeu 
by the 
'^licn it 

I 6r*v uriiriiiiiivi, iv 1 U) com- 

_j tWi aivUlMn* to (ubordiiiition. I 
vu fortsnat* eaon^h to give th« Admiral 
ititfactioD by tny behayiour 
, I :i , l,e has decl«rH hii intention 

I point of 111 ''■ 

|e« have fill >t 

^^„„„„,jiy of the oHiiA .- ...... .....^ ...,in 

rimed OD shore from tb« »bip*, and 
— *1 that ni tuo "f tlicm •h«ll ever b« 
•hip. You ace ' it 
.l<i»» nobody good,' 
■ 10 not only 
Ukrwitc en- 
ronlidenec of 
i «m happy to 
III the rest of 
>ely enraged at the 
. un agcatF Mirriiig 
utmmt Up U Ktiitiuu, »ad are iinnUir.ibly 
nwUrd not to mmldle witli unytliinK but 
iikal Ibey hare already a»kcd, uud which 
ImmoUalely coocemi IhcmseUej only." 

t , ■ ' -' -r prearnting your 

'.er of LieutcQRnt 
fc#;t.i..= .. .-ul the ««ine period, 
Bifests In the strongest tnan- 
bl«neg8 of character and dis- 
Boo. The letter I allude to is 
. on board the London, June, 
, and i» as follows : 

I »I. n..i , T hclievo our com- 

miT .11 completely 

diRturbtinces 

amoockt ■ . I"'. thotiRb there 

hir«a b<<' "t in everv <l"r. and 

VB ka»c "'on 

I ims 

I ., ,, - ^"ily 

1 utimUa^ In Irttcra. 1 wnic ihis merely 
I by fht ft^fi not kn.-.winc v.lirihrr I ?b!»ll 

•ot aytelf can - 
1 U of «iidi aou 

uC U DlfiBf I Mi.r.n.-u 111 Ihi 

HBBranc* on board the 

Mpt of u.. >- 'I'-re Is DO 

iMr bi il on (iio 

_«</(&>■ .- it< out, 

rr. Mao. I ox. A' A'. 




which I thinlc is a very finflicient one. A 
delegate on board the Royal George pro- 
poaeJ a few days ago to pctitiua the King 
for a general pnrdon of the North Sea 
rebels ; but. on his attempting to gain ■. 
jiarty in the ship, he wn« hissed whereve* 
lie went, and the other delegates told hiiq 
if ho bronght any petition of the kind t<f 
them, that they would twat his brains out ' 
We yesterday heard that several of tht 
lieutenants of the ships of the Nore bad 
been made commanders, and two of th« 
mid». of this ship made lieutenants, an 
account of their conduct in the mutiny* 
I thought I could venture to proml.«e on<, 
of the men belonging to this ship a sitnaj 
tion as mate of a West Indiam.'in out of, 
Liverpool; be was principally inslrumentat 
in saWng my life when 1 had flfty nistoUl 
levelled at my bead, and the yard rop« 
round my neck, and by his manly eloquence 
procured a pardon from the delegates for 
IheAdmir.il and Captain when every on« 
conceived it impossible that they could be 
saved. He is an excellent seaman, and 
understands navigation, and 1 will, some 
of tlicsc days, shew you some letters of bia 
in my bcholf th.it would do honour to the 
most' virtuous philanthropist. I wish 
very much to accomplish this business, at 
I cannot sit easy under such a load of 
gratitude. You 'shall see him whenever 
we have a peace, ond I have told him 

whether I am at W n or not that 

you will be able to succeed in executing 
ihe plan. You will be very much plejised 
I think when you see him, for in my ulen, 
which, perhaps, may be partial, there 
never was such expressive integrity painted 
ui a man's countenance.* 

lo consequence of Lieut. Bover'a 
gallant behaviour on the occasion of 
theniutinv he was shortly after gazetted 
Poi.t-Captain, and wn» appointed to 
the command of the Hecla, with which 
ship he was in the engagement off 
Campcrdown under Admiral Duncan. 
The following letter from him shortly 
prior to thalcvcnt cannot fail, I think, 
to interest your readers. It is dated 
onboard the Uecla.Texcl,3l»t August. 
1797. 

" My Dear . , Little did I expect 

when you left me that the next time I 
wrote to you would be from Texcl, either 
a* a c"ti'|"nror or a prisoner ; but, how- 



landi 
all til' 
of the Itnc. 
m«it, Th': 



ic uiaatcta o( 

\.:», ati4 ^^e\^««».• 
vr\i^»ftitad^tW* 



nctory off Campfrdowa. 



iy. 



I 



unilcr Adtnl. Storey, coosistiug of eight 
sail of tlic line and four frigatrs, are muvcd 
higher up nmong the shoalt, but it is next 
I to impossible, if not quite iio, for them to 
', escApe. Ailml. Mitchell follovred them 
up yesterday with cine sail of the line 
and several frigates, nnd went as high as 
the wind and tide would allow, which was 
within about four miles of Ihcni. He 
then sent a frigate tu summon them to 
surrender, and there is no doubt but that 
they will be in our possession tliis day 
either by capitulation or battle. The 
weather has been most uncommonly bad 
erer since we left England, and for eight 
days never allowed us to renture near the 
coast. On the ninth a deceitful gleam of 
aunshioe brought us to an anchor off 
Camperdown, but a sudden and violent 
gale of wind compelled us to put imme- 
diately to sea with the loss of a great 
many anchors, &c. At that time they so 
little expected us in this pnrt that there 
would hare been no opposition ; but our 
being driven olT the coast gave them time 
to collect about five thousand troops, 
amongst which were two b.ittalions of 
riflemen. On Monday last we again 
anchored close to the shore within musket 
ahot. The whole coast here is a range of 
sand hills, low, and particularly calculated 
for the deadly operatious of these rifle- 
men, whom we observed stationing tliem- 
aelves singly in the most advantogeons 
situations. On Tuesday morning at four 
o'clock the flat boats advanced to the 
inner line of gun-boats and bomb.-., when 
the general Arc was opened with a tre- 
mendous cannonade along the beach, 
whidi was soon well cleared, and the 
boots moved forward with three cheers in 
the highest order, and almost at the same 
moment Seven thousand men were landed, 
the A<lmirnl the Arst man on i^hore, and 
after him the General. You will have 
seen by the (iorettc that tlie souUiern di- 
rision, under Sir Jas. Pulteoey, was im- 
mediately engaged, and continued in 
action several hours on very dissd- 
cous terms ; but our i ' ' vcd 

incomparably. The ■ ilio 

7 had, however, hcii. ;..,,. v. ..tud, 
and about half past leu our people wrre 
obliged to Fall back, and many of our 
woonded fell into the hands of the Pa- 
triots, who cut their thrual* and murdered 
them as fntt as they came up with Ihcni. 
O'he tide was soon turned by tlir ;urival of 
reinfnn-enieiit, and the enemy wan 
Irivrn in on all sides. A body uf 
>t a Ihuuaaiid r.iirdry rrr'iji a dispe- 
ntt charge on • ' another 

nclBurat, but 1 Inn the ^~~~ 

btfooct lo coiiii 1 1 !-t ivith * .'^ 

(tWlou. The act I' iat« la-C'l^ 




in the afternoon, when the enemy 
treated to their fortified camp at Aid 
moar, having, by estimation, «b"U( t« 
thonsund men killed and wounded, 
great many lying dead on the field 
battle. The weather again turned again 
us, and before Tuesday noon the wind un 
sea had iucreased so much that there wq 
hardly communication with the shon 
Several boats, and many, both soldie 
and sailors, were drowned. Before night 
the communication was entirely cut oS^ 
and the whole of the troops, with abotj 
six hundred sailors, lay on the sand-hilll 
without ony sort of camp equipage, whe 
they have been ever ?ince, as the weatbC 
haii rendered it impossible to land anj 
thing. Most of the transports have na' 
got in here, and they will soon haire 
the comforts which a soldier ever haa in] 
lute campaign. 

" September Ut. I am very happy thi 
in making this addition, I can give y<| 
the satislaction of hearing that the who|| 
Dutch fleet has surrendered. Wlien Ada 
Mitchell hoisted the Orange Has;, in cod 
junction with the British, the Dutch 
men declared they would not Are a shi 
at it, so that the officers were obliged 
give up. It consists of eight sail of 
line, three frigates, and n sloop of wl 
but we shall get no pri«r money I suppoi 
OS they are all taken possession of in trill 
for the Prince of Orange. We are in 
daily expectation of a body of sixteen 
thousand Ru.isians. Kvcrything is going 
on as well as it is possible. The Patriots 
are retreating from Alkmnnr, and on 
Tuesdoy out army begins to advnnir. The 
weather still couiiiities tremendously bad^ 
and I nm much nfrnid there will he soa 
loss amongst the ships outside that ha 
not been able to gel in. Many have be 
on shore through the fault of pilod 
amongst the rest II. M. S. llccla, 
she has not received any damage." 

Subsequently to this. Captain (Pela 
Bnvcr commanded the Blenheim at 
the Magnificent, to the former 
which he was o|i|)ointed thrimgh tfl 
interest of Lord St. Vincent, who, 
one of his letters, writes to hioi 
fallows : 

"Dear Bovcr. — I liave mtmiHl 
twice tu the Admiinlly, ond <>nrr to 
Admiral whose Captain was hl'ly to 
on ahore, ond I wri<<- in llir »irnng 
trrois by this po • 



1843.] 



Tbf rurwr of thi? unUant officer, 
' roitny of his 
; mdcrti bright 
•o tnc (uluic, Tms dcstiiivil 
t (hort-iivccl. He sailcil for 
' s in the lutler part of 
■be -', aod bait no sooner 

(.jrt there, ihnn he was 
an illness brought nn hv the 
■ " '« terminated fatally with- 
' time. 
• ver married, in ISOO, 
Cole, »i»lcr of his quondam 
snlt and friend. Sir Christopher 
) •!!«) of Dr. Cole, Rector of Exeter 
g», atid Vice Cbanrellor of the 
r>ity of Oifonl, but by this lady 
he left no surviving issue. 

O- loman's character in the 

I <ioii> iiiH of life as a son and 

hitiiiiLi, I cannot speak in terms 
laflicicnlly commcnHatory. 

H-- ' "'"■ 1 at all times a generous 
war ■ tion towaids his family. 

»bK ,. .■,»,- '.lie ulmcist credit on his 
mrmmy. Alllmugh possessing an in- 
i\hich, 1 sluiuld siiy, was barely 
to his wants, on several 
'', when he had piize money 
i to receive, il was with the greatest 
I rYluct4oce that he consented tu apply 
I it for his own advancement, liberally 
jalTtfing to share it with the other 
members of his family. In his public 
capacity as a member of the Hrili^h 
Navy. Ue. enjoyed the reputation of 
I b»iag a brave and rnterprizing sailor, 
I and the gallant qualities which he ex- 
hibited in the service gave indeed lair 
|>ro»petl that a tateet thus nobly be- 
gun would in its progiesx have been 
altcnilnt with lasting and honourable 
1 liistinctioii til liimiitir, and with benetit 
I to the coiiDliy under whos? banner he 
tervrd. His conduct on all occasions 
furnitlied unquestionable proof of 
contuminatv skill and ability in his 
I profrsttrui ; niid, had he survived, op- 
' would, I think, have 
to have gained for him 
•n nmougst the naval 
it Dritain. 

iliD) Bovci's daughters 

•>: — I. Maria, who died 

'mricd infirnppcn- 

rc. This ludv was 

' ■' • ■■ of 

-d 

fii'»|F,>..v i, i.i... •. i.^i.nii u) Hill. nil, 

^fUUfuX deportment aod clcgaDcc 




Memoirs of the Bovcr Family 



of manners, combined with asparkling 
flow of wit and spirits, ensured for 
her the admiration of all, and, although 
we find that she passed through life 
in a state of spinsterhood, I much 
question whether it was from lack of 
opportunity tliat ■'he did so. Miss B. 
with her sisters, was received into the 
first circle of society in the county of 
Chester, and was a constant visitor 
also at the houses of the leading 
gentry in the adjoining counties. The 
three stslers might indeed I think have 
proved, if not successful rivals, at 
least fair competitors for the palm of 
beauty and attraction with the lovel 
and accomplished Misses Guuni 
whom fame has so highly immortal iz< 
2. Sophia, married in 1781 to Edw 
Dicconson, esq, ofWrightington H 
Lancashire, but died without issue f 
and 3rd, Anne,* married to the Rev. 
Edward Hinchliffe, M.A., Rector of 
Barthoraley. co. Chester, fnow dead) 
son of Dr, John IlinchclifTe Bishop oi 
Peterborough, t aud has had isaur 
I. Edward, in holy orders, now Hect 
of Barthorolcy, and a magistrate for 
Cheshire. 2. John, in the Royal 
Navy, dead. 3. Henry Waller 
Lieutenant in the Royal Artillcr 
dead. 4. William, now resident at 
Stockton Lodge; and b. Robert-Bover } 
and four daughters, I . Fanny Christii 
ana; 2. Elizabeth Sophia, married 
the Rev. Edward Henry Owen, Rector 
of Cound, CO. Salop, younger son of 
the late Svillinm Owen, esq. M.P. of 
Woodhousc, in that county, and has 
istuc ; 3. Mary, married to the Rev. 
H. M, Cockshott ; and 4. Emma, 
unmarried. 

I now come to speak of the last 
surviving male representative of thii 
family, George Bover, esq. who wi 
born in the ycor 1764, and receivi 
liis education at the Grammar Sch< 
of Warrington. Owing to an u 
fortunate weakness in one of his limbi 
he was necessarily compelled to ado 
a profession where less active service 
would be required, than in those ia 



J of 

I 

ue t I 

:v. 
of 

M 

or 

^H 

at ' 

r; 

m 




* Tills lady is the only suritiving cUil( 
of the Utc Captain John Dover, *i 
resides at Worle«toD Cottage ncHr Nanl 
*ich, Che'hire. 

t By Elizabeth liis mift, daughter 
John Crene, i'jhj, of Cruwci aad (ittcr 
John Lord Crcwot 



il^i 

I 




Description of Berkhamptlead Castle. 



[July, 






_which hia brothers had embarked. He 
|u articled in I7S0 to a highlyre&pect- 
Ble firm in Warrington, with whom 
he remained until nearly the dote of 
his clerkship. From thence he re- 
Hired to London, and completed hia 
lidies in the chambers of Mr. Manley, 
'ui eminent practitioner in the Temple. 
He continued with this gentleman a 
few months after his admission, and 
then returned to Warrington, where, 
rafter a short time, he entered into 
lirtnership with Messrs. NichoUon* 
Fflf that town. With these gentlemen 
he enjoyed for many years a consider- 
able practice, and established a highly 
respectable connection in Warrington 
and its neighbourhood. Through the 
interest of his sister Maria, hs was a 
few years after his return into the 
^Lcountry introduced to the notice of 
^Hbe late Lord Maynard, who appointed 
^^■im receiver and auditor of his estates, 
^Hkod in this capacity, and in the more 
confidential relation of a private friend 
and adviser, he acquitted himself so 
I greatly to the satisfaction of that 
loblc liird, and so won his esteem and 
egard, that by hia will lie bequeathed 
hira the very handsome legacy of 
faO.OOO, with a life interest in the 
lanor of Waltharastow, including 
Shern Hall, in Kssex, and appointed 
pim one of his executors. With these 
kniple means at his dispo!>al, Mr. 
lover naturally felt inclined to free 
himself from the engagements of 
business, and shortly after the death 
of Lord Maynard, which took place in 

11834, he began to withdraw himself 
jiroro the active duties of the profession, 
pf which he had been during a long 
peries of years so honourable and up- 
right a member. He resided after- 
wards to the time of his death, as he 

(bad dune for some time pievidusly, nt 
Btockton Lodfre. about two miles 
listaot from Warrinclon, and there 
|ispen»ed to a large circle of frienils 
Bie gliiildening ond wclonroc cheer uf 
■uspitality, 
r li« was in fine the htau iiUat of bo 
old English gentlrmaD, and Eifted as 

The flrni w«i tlien, 

"♦rr, iin(1Nlohol»on."b(it ■• 



be was with an enlightened and cheer- 
ful mind, combined with a pleasing 
vivacity of manners and conversation, 
his society proved at all times both, 
amusing and instructive. Your Cor*] 
respondent has had the pleasure, in- i 
deed he would say the privilege, of] 
spending many very pleasant hours 
under bis roof, and it gives him no 
slight gratification, Mr. Urban, [ can 
assure you, to have this opporluuity 
of recording his humble tribute of 
esteem and respect for the memory of J 
one, to whom he was indebted for 
many acts of kindness in his youth. 

Mr. Boverwas a Deputy Lieutenant 
of the CO. Palatine of Lancaster, and 
died at his residence, Stockton Lodge, 
15th July, 1839. Thanking you for 
the space you have allowed me ta ^ 
devote to this subject in your time* 
honoured journal, 

I am. Yours, &c. J. N. 



Ma. UiiBAN. May 16. 

Til bl Castle of Berkharopsteold is so | 
famous in English history, as having 
been the residence of the Black Prince 
ofter his return from Boideaux. that) 
an account of its actual condition at [ 
tliis time will not be without interest 
to your readers. 

This castle stands in the parish of 
Berkhampstcad, at the foot of a mo- 
derate bill which occupies its northern 
and ea.«tcrn sides, and the groun4^ 
upon its other sides Is tlat, ualurallyj 
marshy, and capable of being flooded] 
without much difficulty. 

The castle is composed of a central] 
or inner bailey, au inner fosse, a| 
middle bailey, an outer fosse, and M 
third or outer bailey, of small extent* 
nnil partially provided with a fosse. 
There is uImj a niuund attached to thej 
inner bailey, and a sort uf ravelin in 
advance of the fosse on the noith| 
side. 

Tilt i« an irregular ovntl 

court ui .'lilc «izr, surroundcdl 

by a wall, auil cmitaininK the r»maina| 
of various buildings. The wnll is ot 
flint rubble, of modn mv*s. 

Th» balitemento and nr* 



1 iKii: an: iiiuitalii.'l>» ul H |(ai« fttl 



DtKripiion of fterkkumpitni Castle. 




Dtbcni tnd, ud of a h«ll or ulhtr 
t b«tldi&g towutla tbc rioith-vaist 
■r. On ths western side ia part 
oft b*ir- round mural tower connected 
«ith tcime utlirr building). 

At the Dorth cod of iLie bailey, a 
part •• r«a<i>cd to make room for a 
mly motuu' of earth which rises out 
_tbt ioDfr fottc. The lummit of 
1 ihcwa the foundatioQS of 
wall, which ta connected 
; tb« ioDtr bailey by a cross wall 
' c«/tAia which appcnra to have ex- 
Uwi*i d««o the aide of the mound 
aitd MTOW lb* futar, and to have 
famed tke only communication be- 
tVMS Ik* Boand and the rest of the 
oatla. 

Tha iaan* font ii a very deep and 
bnttd ditdi, completely encircling the 
l»— d and tnoer bailey, and spread- 
(a|iiut lonarih tiie eouth and south- 
iMl 'Able pool. The 

wbr'' ^ wet. 

The mtddit baiity coneiets of a ^teep 

aod \o(\j bank of earth, which fornns 

Llhe diviaioa between the inner and 

|th« Didillc fosse, and enciicles the 

Twbolr. This bank is very narrow at 

Itltt lofi, and does not appear to have 

with a wall, except at 

|ci limited portiooB.wbere 

Iracit rii niaaonry. Its figure- is 

imnlar, and it is highest on the 

MWUl-aaat^rn side, where the natural 

dafcoOM of the place are least strung. 

I On the aoathern side of this bank arc 

|Uw maaiita of a §at«way. It is also 

'•I prr>rnl ml ibtough a little east of 

th* I ' the pastiage of water, 

aad <t of the same to form 

th* 'ranee. It is probable 

tlial I opening was anciently 

dniMMled by a wall aod dam with a 

tiuiet, ttut that the latter is wholly 

nKMlrrn. 

The midiliii foMtr, which surrounds 

baili >-i. 

^bcing ftO lit 

I pUce, and it is the most cxtrrior 

works Ii-' ' — "o. It also is 

tt lowai h-east. On 

ihe attttth - ■ •■ - ' .n.r.niU iiilo 

taiMhy '•- 

don and J nay. These 

worka rc:i, leucet of the 

|iiaM upoa tita suutheni and »outb< 
•Uu, The tu(her gmuitd 



thai Is opposed to the remainder de> 
ruandcd an additional line of defence, 
snii this is given by the. ravelin and 
the outer bailey and fosse. 

The ground begins to rise towarda 
the north-west, and here is placed the 
ravelin. This is a triangular platform 
of earth, slightly raised, placed on the 
outside of the fosse, aod having ■ 
small fosse of its own. It bean bo 
traces of masonry. 

North of this commences the outtr 
baiity. This is a lofty bank of earth, 
forming the segment of a circle, and 
thus defending the place on tbenorth- 
eastam side. Its rear forms the out- 
side or counterscarp of the middle 
fosse ; its top is of no great breadth, 
level, and bearing no traces of either 
wall, parapet, or banquette. At ita 
western end it terminates in a con- 
siderable mound or bastion of earth ; 
at its other, or southern end, it ter- 
minates also abruptly, being cut off 
by a part of the middle fosse. It ia 
also cut across near its middle, and 
thus divided into two independent 
parts, whilst its fosse is fed with 
water from the rear. Along the front 
of this bank project seven large bas- 
tions of earth, commanding the inter- 
mediate curtains and the approaches, 
after the manner of a modern forti- 
fication. 

The bailey is defended by an oa<er 
font, also for tbe most part wet. The 
ground exterior to this fosse rises ra- 
pidly, so as to give considerable fa- 
cilities to those who should attack 
tlie castle on this side. 

The castle, as it at present stands, 
is undoubtedly Edwardian, and pos- 
sibly erected by the Black Prince or 
his father. The general plan, the 
muderale thickness of its walls, and 
the skill shewn in the disposition of 
its fortifications, may be considered 
as conclusive arguments npon this 
point. The mound may bo of Nor- 
man date; if so, the additional worka 
have been moat skilfully disposed, sO; 
&■> (o derive the greatest benefit front 
ita presence, by causing ii to occupy 
the weakest side. Tticro is howcv 
no reason stronger than general an 
logy for regarding this mound af' 
Norman. 

The worka of the outer bailey ar« 
Tery curioas, and closely resembf 
Iboaa of the foitificaUona tu iu« 



■ 



The Ariilotclian Logic- 



y 



I 



fore Ihc days nf Vauban aud Cohorn. 
Tbcy arc however probably original. 

It is singular that the middle and 
outer bailey should be without either 
walls or parapets, since, in the event 
of their being taken, they would en- 
able the enemy seriously to annoy 
the castle. It is to be desired that a 
careful Eurvef were made of this cas- 
tle, the works of which would pro- 
bably throw much light upon the 
ancient aystem of fortification. 

C. 



Mr, Urban, Bath, May II. 
Til AT there is much of needless com- 
plexity, and a useless effort at a sort of 
mechanical certitude, in the differences 
of mood and figure appertaining to the 
Aristotelian logic, will be denied, 1 
think, by few. The objection!" to the 
system, however, as a whole, must 
chiefly have arisen from the misuse 
and the abuse of logical forms in ages 
of ignorance and barbarism, for they 
seem to proceed on the supposition 
that, if wc give any place to the logic 
of the schools, all converise should be 
turned into debate, and every reason 
be stated syllogistically. Ttie objections 
first started have been continued by 
the fashion to run down what has been 
once depreciated, and in some quarters, 
1 suspect, by the lurkiugs of envy to- 
ward literary rivals. Thus, even that 
eminent man Dr. George Campbell 
(lUietoric, b. I, ch. 6) araid aheap of 
words inveighs against syllogism as if 
designed for an instrument of original 
discovery, rather than of detection of 
pretended truths, and confirmation of 
real truths already known. The fol- 
lowing is the first example at which 
he carps : "All animals feel ; all horses 
arc animals ; therefore all horses 
feel." Hereupon he remarks, " It is 
impossible that any reasonable man, 
who really doubts whether ahorse has 
ffeJinK or i« a meu- automaton, should 
he convinced by this argument, for," 
&c. &c. But what vKUdiiiiblv nyjw- 
nra/ of 80 strange a notion would not 
first intjuirc of the doubter whether he 
did or did not believe Iluvl nuinials 
arc sentient beings. If 
their p<^wTr ufseusation, ' 
conclusrrely shows thr fully of 
jdonbt. If he drniod the existence 



would be otldrcsscd from other topirlj 
tending to show that animulity not 
sensibility are invariably associated 
If, indeed, he made an exception of 
horses, while allowing sensation to 
others similarly made and moving 
creatures, the rrasonablr couitc would 
be no longer to argue with him. And 
this last remark 1 think a sufficient 
answer to Dr. Campbell's further ob- 
jection, — " It is possible that one may 
believe the conclusion who denies the 
major." Diit men begin to sec lb« ] 
folly of pretending to discard that 
without which Ihcy can no more reason 
than they can talk without air. 

Your correspondent who signs 
S. (May, p. 481,) has done tha 
justice to logic which Dr. Whatelc/J 
its professed expositor, has failed 
do. If, to quote your correspondent^ 
words, the archbishop asserts of 
certain problem, that " a logical de 
monstration of it is impossible," as 
suredly the master himself would hai^ 
disclaimed such an exposition, bii4 
have authoritatively pronounced that" 
his rules are universally true or utterly 
fallacious. Professor Newman also 
(late of Bristol College), in his iostruct- 
ivc lectures on logic, article Syllogism, 
speaks of the right reverend logician 
as under a mistake, observing of the 
celebrated argument against infinite 
divisibilitj-, that it was " Dr. Whatc^ 
ley's .... business to reduce (t 
sophism to syllogistic) form, and 
show us that, when reduced, it offcnde 
some of the Aristotclic rules (whcrea^ 
says Mr. Newman, it depends) on 
false premiss suppressed." This pr 
miss, a mathematical one, he addil 
mathematical also is the solation bj 
De Crousaz given us by your correi 
pondent. But mathematics, I confcw 
arc beyond ray km. Conceiting, tooti 
that inalliemalics rest on logic, tliatj 
consequently there must bv t>uiiic plaid 
mode of treating every qocilion, nc 

purely one of (-"•■■' •• i ^..i....jj 

to you, sir, what 
and in (>■.,■ Ii.H/( 
and -■ 



I that powi 
cvor b« 1. 



ii« 
of 
I could 
butiic 



the funu ut a Iii 
It hnppi'ned 



rmr» \hi 



)843.3 



Achillet and the Torioiie.—Brhifh Coins. 



t( M '"'♦ "' ''" 1'"!'' legs conlj carry 
h be: in. tliatcnmmnn 

tactil . . - -'- ami every creep- 
sag tiling. llie lurtuise, however, 
k»THic t^'' oliiit of his pursuer ou the 
groat' ' und, 03 ancient 'ages 
MT, \>i itely divisible, and in- 
finits di^isiuilily, ns deeper invesli- 
grtan sbciw, eninpclling all bririgs to 
mniM their movements intinitcly, it 
Id pa«» that Achilles, hindmost 
' i never, with all 
I he tortoise first 
IS vmiyit.y the adage, slow 



.„ ,1 t \ ;„„ 5Jr_ of 

lie any 

isehood 

>ie premiss. 
I nth and ap- 
«> tirgt. It is manifest 
iiders the swifter at his 
' ntar approximation to tlie 
making at one effort so 
at either to reach the 
leave it far behind. But, 
' be infinitely divisible, 
iirovertibly that either 
i-e, either innn or 
;vide ; the very di- 
ii'.i uistiiiinents of motion 
bring them to a ttand-still ; and 
I power i". adequate to 
a ion. The (irtl inter- 
i»3, ihcrelore, is alto- 
Dious, the second is a false 
based upon a doubtful 
liuni, the conclusi'in conlrudlcts 
y, and the ilexign would limit the 
(lowtr of thi: Almighty. 

Before concluding this paper, suffer 
me to remaik on the unfortunate use 
iif the trrni infinite in i|Ucstioni of va- 
lioan kcienci', occasioning n vait con- 
faaioD of ideas ; viUtoul an rnd is the 
■ -' of the word i but bc- 
inay also signify with- 
.,u> >iiiv •». II. mJ.^ culler of beginning or 
d/ end, and is thu4 constantly oppliid 



t).r 1 1. 



rt '* i ' i :.n it n 




I-. indeed, most 

I iif infinilc- 

! in. Ytt ate 

Mink even this may be 

btlieve in the i-iistrnce 

liul an artiially infinite «/i- 

lliin-; i'lipiwsilile, (ince every 

a biginiiing, and 

never terniinateil ; 

jL Uii.j'ijh countUsi tge*, 

ill still have two exitcraea, 



_iiE:3 



and must he finite ; for, though end- 
lessly diriiihlf, no qu.intity can ever 
have been infinitely divided. Let infi- 
nile, therefore, and its derivation, be 
confined to their proper subjects ; to 
God, to space, and to duration ; and 
the terms indefinite, interniinate, im- 
measurable, innumerable, and so forth, 
take their place in questions falling 
under human comprehension or in- 
vestigation. The change could at 
least not injure truth, and would aid 
the unscientific. Yours, &c. 

J. P. Babtrcm. 

Mr. Urbah, Northampton, Feb. 27. 

iN the report of the proceedings of 
the Numismatic Society in your Ja- 
nuary number, p. 'S, I observe a slight 
mistake relative to the coin belonging 
to Mr. Alfred Bccslcy of Banbury. It 
is stated that on the obverse is an ear 
of corn, and on the reverse a horse, 
wheel, &c. with the letters qvantbo. 
1 have in my possession n gold British 
coin of similar fabric, with the horse, 
wheel, &c. on the concave side, and 
the reverse or convex side quite plain. 
Respecting the inscription on Mr. 
Beesley's coin, I find, from a very 
careful perusal of it, that it reads 
QVASTE, and the symbolic mark re- 
sembles one on my coin, which ia 
without an inscription. In the plate 
of Symbols on British Coins, given in 
the Numismatic Chronicle, Nos. 26 
and 27 are similar. A coin belonging 
to Mr. Cuff, and probably from the 
same die, has been engraved in the 1st 
vol. of the Numismatic Journal, and 
described in page 22.'), No. 8. And 
in the last edition of Kuding the 
Bume coin is again engraved. In both 
woiks the reverse is described as bear- 
ing a fern-leaf, and not an ear of corn ; 
from the probable imperfection of the 
com they differ so far ns regards the 
legend. In the latter publication it 
is given caiii, and what has been 
conjcctuicd to be o, or the symbolic 
mark, on Mr. Beesley's coin, fiirina 
part of the neck of the horse. In the 
Niiniisnialic Jiiurnnl ihey give tlie in- 
sciiption CATTi. Twu of my unti- 
quariaii friends have sugce^led that 
qVANTK may probably be intended for 
CAMTi or Kent. 

Yours, tec. ^. 



40 



WISPOM Of A««, A SALtAD ; SHCTCIKO THf \'AIV»!, QttALtTV, AKD KrTlCTS 
rBKREoK, IN A FEW PLAIK STASJIAS. BY ONB WHO HAS LITTtB SKILL IW 
THR MTHTSRY Or HHTMR. (TRE kCV. WILLIAM HAIIK>«», M.A.)* 

THE April morn was bright and mild, 

And the euabenniB danc'd on (lie dewy moor. 

As an aged man and liuli? child 

Thus talked beside their rultage-door : 

" Look, grandfather ! what joy I what joy I 

"Twill be a fine sunshiny day ; 
In the cowslip-fields," exclaioied the boy, 

" I'll pass the happy hours away." 

"Twill rain ere noon," the old man replied : 

" When you have lived as long as I, 
You will know better than confide 

In this sod air and glowing sky." 

" Oh ! " cried the boy, " if this is all 

We gain by growing gray like you— 
To learn what show'rs at noon will fall. 

While yet the morning heavens are blue, 

" I'd rather know, as I do now. 

Nothing about the coming hours. 
And, while it's fair, with careless brow 

Enjoy the sun and gather flowers." 

" Ay, but, my hoy, as we grow old," 

Sigh'd that aged man, " we learn much more ; 

Truths which, in youth, we're often told, 
But never feel as truths before ; — 

"That love is but a feverish dream i 

That friendships die as soon at born ; 
That pleasures which the young estMin 

Are only worthy of our scorn ; 

"That what the world desires as good. 

Riches and power, rank and praise. 
When sought, and won, and understood, 

But disappoint the hopes they raise ; 

"That life is like this April day, 

A scene of fitful light and gloom ; 
And that our only hope and stay 

Centre in realms beyond the tomb." 

Thus wisely spoke that gray-hair'd man 

But little fruit such wisdom yield* | 
Off, while he talked, the urchiu rtn 

To gather cowslips in the tields. 

And sure in nature's instinct sage 

The child those withV"- '■ -••■■ 'i-i 
Conu'il fioro the worn ; 

Of the world's book p . 

For tooD be reached those fields »u fair, 

M ■•' ^- -■ 1 v.-.".i- 1 1..- "'-n-ers; 

W 



1643.] 



Sir JV. Betham on the Hibemo'CeUlc. 



Mt V a r v K . Vulilin, Jiinr 1 . 

I ■-- been imprcstcd with 

tki I it you love truth above 

111 things, i therefore make this com- 
maDicktioD, con6dent that you will 
out refuic its inecrtioD. becaase the 
vfrity may be in (ome respects un- 
palauble. 

In the Review of my ErsraiA Cel- 
tic > 'tic certainly did not give 
^ Uic : <orioaa attention occes- 
Fiiauir him to pronounce a 
judgmeot. He passed over 
Tvitb railroad speed, and knew ai» 
[ bttleof its contents a§ the passenger of 
' ifce rr.-.ir.irt T.p whirU through inside 
■ r* lage. He gives but one 
ttjn ^ otalion, and that on? he 
quotci iBltely. from the hasty and so- 
perCcial mode of his perusal. " Otie 
[ mU nfficr." says he, and then adds, 
" (he tlultbont j) m the middle of the 
word nrgalirt* the ttymoloiji/, by its 
»b»encc. 
It i» only necessary to refer to the 
I work, and the y will be found obsti- 
nately keeping its place, which the 
blaodering critic supplied with an *. 
if there be one etymological deriva- 
J tioD more palpable tliaa another, Li- 
I pria i» that one — 1i*k ntniiy, or roeky, 
mp Toati, la country. 

Well, the critic i* upbraided with 

bis blunder, and he endeavours at 

■■ rrratum! in which he makes 

another exhibition of his inatten- 

li«a to the contents of my work. 

He ••yi, " I have unaccountably 

passed by the palpable Greek deriva- 

jlion of Campania." Had he really 

I read the book be pretends to criticise, 

I he would have seen that the whole 

I tvDOr of Uie argument was to repudiate 

Greek derivations as far-fetched and 

' inappropriate. His own derivation 

I uf Campania is anything but ob- 

|«iou«. 

The important discoveries in sci- 
ence and literature of the roost illus- 
I trioB* benefactors of mankind have all 
1 at their first piomulgation been met 
with a toirfnt of rirlltule or persecu- 
I tion Mong enough 

' tn > . Copernicus, 

llii Ueil, Biucc, and 

Hdj us of t!ip iniustice 

■od iiictaiitutic ut their 'U- 

riea. Tlie^e men " htai ;n- 

■ r,hj l/'J Imldly 

which were 

UEKT- i>lAO, vuj., .\.\, 




eventually established and received as 
truth, and in many cases a priority of 
discovery was claimed by filching pre- 
tenders. They were criticised and ri- 
diculed not only by ignorant sciolists, 
incompetent to estimate their won- 
derful grasp of intellect, or the value 
of the product of their labours, but 
by many eminent scholars and scien- 
tific men of their day, who, startled 
by novelties subversive of their educa- 
tional prejudices, rejected truth with- 
out the examination necessary to as- 
certain it. Many candid and honest 
critics have afterwards acknowledged 
the injustice of such hasty criticism. 
It is not, therefore, for so humble and 
insignificant a writer as myself to 
complain of similar treatment. 

Few men possess temper and pa- 
tience necessary to investigate novel- 
lies repugnant to received opinions, 
and the established dogmas of the 
schools. Prejudice arms them to 
the teeth against inquiry ; common 
sense and reason are of no avail, at- 
tention will not be accorded. My 
discovery of the identity of the Hi- 
bcrno-Celtic with the Etruscan, and 
the alHnity of both with the Phoe- 
nician, is obnoxious to more than 
common ridicule and objection. The 
Irish language and literature have ever 
been the objects of sneers and butt of 
contempt, partly from not being un- 
derstood, but more from the ignorant 
pretensions of ill-informed individuals 
professing to understand it. The 
very few, if any, general scholars who 
understood Gaelic, have not given that 
critical analysis and philological re- 
search necessary to enable them to 
judge of its value and importance, 

Not being cither an Irish or Scot- 
tish Gael, I have no national prejudice 
to gratify in endeavouring to establish 
the antiquity and philological as well 
as historical importance of the Hi- 
berno-Ccltic. For twenty years I 
have given it much attention. I com- 
menced my labours under the prejudice 
of all Englishmen ; but evidence pro- 
duced conviction, oftcr a long and un- 
remitted inquiry, that the lime is not 
far distant when the identity abov^~ 
mentioned will be universally admit 
ted. It only requires a candid and 
fair investigation to produce that 
result. 

I may not live to tee it, but I should 
G 



The IrUh amd WeUh Lmguagtf, 



[July, 



¥ 
^ 



not have remained satisfied with my- 
Bclf had I Dot publialied the result of 
my tn'ing but gratifyiog labours, 
which very few, if any, may have the 
opportunity, if they possessthe incli- 
nation, to undertake. 

Since writing the above your June 
No. has come to band. I am induced, 
from its perusal, to trespass somewhat 
more upon your patience with a few 
further remarks. 

The mystical rubbish about Noah, 
and the arkitc deities, Milhraic cavet, 
helio-arkHr thfolngy rngrnfled on Dm- 
idie ritft .' the hnUi) of Kitd, and such 
like stuff, which has really no intelli- 
gible meaning, and only senres tn 
nauseate the subject of Celtic antirjul- 
ties and philology, — but is so flip- 
pantly pot forth by persons who know 
but little of what they are speakjng. 
and merely follow up the mysti- 
fication which has so long imposed 
upon the world and rendered tlic in- 
quiry contemptible, — should no longer 
be tolerated. No iooncr, however, is 
an attempt made to give from actual 
rtaminalioH a rational and prnbabU de- 
finition of ancient languages, manners, 
and customs, from the remains of a 
people who are admitted by all to have 
existed, than a general cry is raised 
like that of " great it Diana of llir 
Ephftiam." glorious is the humbug 
which has kept the world in the dark, 
mighty the dreams and conceptions of 
fanciful men, who have vHhout pre- 
mitei formed the most ridiculous sys- 
tems, imagined the existence of na- 
tions, and, a9SQming/ii/«eAoo<f for/nc(. 
deceived themselves and others fur 
ages, by gravely postulating us theo- 
rema systems repugnant tu common 
MDse. 

One of these is the astiimptinn of 
the identify or affinity of the Welsh 
and Irish langnagrs. and your loirvs- 
pondcnt S. T. P. p. O08, has been »o 
misled. I suppose he iimlcrslstids 
Welsh i but heceilainly ■ 
ignorant of the Irish. i\ 
ventures l/i pronounce judgment like 
a learned Thcban, and says . — 

" A'aJwilhstanding his ^th« author 
of Etruria Celtics) »blli»i»». most 
Ce//tc wAobirt will not hi 
that br has nof proved I 
deed, it ran '- 
langaage was 

ly (0 Um) Cliii9ii«ii c:a. 



This is a curiously constructed 
sentence of negativet, not one of which 
can S. T. P. prove. The learned 
Welsh are not Ce//ic scholart, and 
S, T. P. probably does not know one. 
Notwithstanding the tenacity with 
which most Welsh writers adhere to 
the idea, it has been repudiated by the 
learned and eminent Welsh authors 
and philologists, Edward Llwyd and 
the Rev. Peter Roberts. The former 
confesses that be failed to find more 
than a few hundred words common to 
both languages, which may be ac- 
counted for by neighbourhood and 
consequent intercourse. Roberts, who 
compared the two languages, is still 
more eiplicit, and says : — 

" The Irish and Welsh languages 
are of no more use to the knowledge 
of each other, than the mere know- 
ledge of the Latin would be to under* 
stand the Greek. 

" The grammatical structure ii r«> 
dicnily dilfcrent. Having formed his 
opinion from comparison of the two 
languages, he fell ' trm hnitntion 
utalitig IktfacI wKifk {iVrltlo antique 
rif had mitltkm.'" 

Bishop Percy, who, although not a 
Welshman, was an eminent philolo- 
gist, says, " I cannot think they (the 
Irish and Welsh) are derived from one 
Celtic stock." 

Professor D. Forbes, eminent as 
Gaelic scholar, in your pngcs. Ml 
Urban, clearly demonstrated that theri 
was no affinity, and he is borne out I 
every sound Gaelic scholar. 

I am, therefore, justified in the op 
tiion 1 have myself formed from aclu 
rnrnparitun . and have no hesitation i 
declaring that such evidence sho^ 
the Cymhri and the Garl to be altoge- 
ther different in origin; that the latter 
I f"' '• •' !" ,-r were of Teu- 



S. T. r. assert « 



111. 

^>i ..iiiguoge in whi< 
that it can l>r ihoU 




tlll»T lll.^ If 1-1, (litifup (lr(i 



It j if not, he iiii- 
in mnkinj; tlir 



ikc an Iriib d«4 
iir.iiiKy luiij ^tammor, ud makt 



F»M.3 



Stpttrkral TafiMf at Cologne. 



43 



._Jipairi»on wil^ t1i» WcNli, lie would 
atil hT 'A> Ulte Tor 

i»!- MS of Ihose 

ho U*«« ii>)i cxaoiidcii into facts, 
til Ibow »» little tt? hirii'clf from ori- 
' judge for 
■IBS? lie will re- 

~)*ct tttr i . aDil tile 

hwJloi I ^c^tioas of 

Omm «)uj ■ 
ditjw of I 

•■•' ... I.,l.L- ;. 1..1 ..,L.I- 

:c with the lri.~h. Mr- 

wort Otl Sp.iin rtirrii?* 

i In tlie I. 

declares th .-i 

I ^n. iiat the Basque is akin 

I A/u lar : ' : It is too bad 

br {>ei«uD» tt> pteteod to teach who 
DOW nothing. 

Yours. &C. W. BCTBAM. 



de-lis form here seen, occurs on a 
grave-stone en Jvs d'anr, figured in 
Cmtcr e " Ancient Architecture," plate 
XLV. anddcscribed as lyingon the wall 
of Castor Church-yard, NorthatDptoa- 
sliire. 



Mb. l-'aDAn, 

DURING a late visit tv the very 

old city of Cologne, 1 

the church of " St. Mary 

^tol " a Dumberof curiously 

aipturcd stone tablets, apparently 

rpukhrol, and with the aspect of 

niuiijcrable untiquity. They were 

. to the walls, some uuder the 

i at the west end of the church. 

htn in till- .intr. chapel adjoin- 

. they had been 

nidiflFerenllocali- 

fti for (irticivaiioo. I sketched four 
bf tlicm, anil have ronch pleasure in 
rardiii;' ' fii'- 




Ffg. 3 is about the aame height. 




_Fig. I i« (j feet high in the Mntre, 
I feet 1 1 mciica wide. The fleur- 



Fig. 3 is 2 feet 6 inches high, and 2 
feet 1 1 inches wide. 

Fig. 4 fas represented over leaO ia 
7 feet 5 inches high on one side, and 
7 feet 9 inches on the other. The- 
top measures 3 feet 2 iachet, and 
the bottom 2 feet 6 inches. 

The ornamental portions are in 
relief, formed for the most i)arl by a 
lotinded member. 

The church itsci/ is one of the most 
ancient in the city. It consists of 
nave and side aisles, tscparated by 
rectangular piere, and plain semicir- 
cular archcB,*) transept terminated 

• Theirohwsys are U feet wide, and 
about V? fcrt higti to the spriachiK of ilie 
aruh. Each pier ia (i foct 3 liichea wide 
oa the <aoe. 




Central "—by Junius '. 



[July, 



north and south by a semicircular 
abeis, crowned by a hemispherical 
dome, and a choir with similar absis 
at east end. An aisle is formed around 
the absidea by columns and semi- 
circular arches. These columns have 
enormous cushion capitals, and di- 
minish in diameter from the bottom 
towards the top. They would seem 
originally to have been rectangular 
piers, and afterwards worked into 
their present form. 

Externally St. Mary's is a rude type 
of most of the churches to be found in 
Cologne. It is, unfortunately, so far 
decayed and otherwise injured, as to 
be literally bound togeUier, in parts, 
solely by iron bars introduced for that 
purpose. 

Yours, &c. GsonoB Godwin. 



Mb. Urbam. London, June 6. 
CUUIOUS to learn the opinions 
of contributors to the Gentleman's 
Magazine, during it: long and honour- 
able career, concerning Junius, I this 
dav turned to the index volumes. In 
»ol. 87. pt. ii. p. 482, occurs the 
following article, which, being concise 
ood in point, may be given entire. 

" Fmlcmanps, havios accuUntaUf 



opened our XXXth vol. at page S07, 
(being b portico tor Nov. 1 760,) wis 
pccaliiirly atlrsctcd by ' Extracts from 
a Letter to an Hon. Brigadier-General.' 
Conceiving that the style of these extracts 
exactly corresponded vitli the nerve and 
point of the sarcastic Junius, he is strongly 
of opinion, that, if the author of the letter 
in question sbould be known, it will be 
no JifGi-oll task to set at rett the inquiry 
after the author of the celebrated Letten 
under that signature." 

The very Letter, thus pointedly 
noticed, was reprinted in 1840 ; and 
in vol. XY. of your New Scries, i.e. 
for March 1841, may be seen a 
lengthened critique on it. Thus, in 
1760, extracts arc made from the 
letter. In 1SI7. fifty. seven years 
subsequently, a writer in your columns 
expresses bis conviction that he who 
wrote the Letter wrote the Letters of 
Junius. In 1840, twenty. three years 
after this suggestion, another party, 
having access to the whole Letter, 
comes to a like conclnsion, and re- 
prints the same. 

Your present Correspondent has 
now before him MS. observations 
by a gentleman (recently deceased), 
who had been long connected with the 
public press. He had seen the txtraett 
only ; had formed the same opinion as 
Philurlianus; and, previously to the 
illness which terminated his life, was 
preparing his manuscript for the 
press. 

Thus three several parties, entirely 
disconnected, after reading either the 
whole Letter or extracts from it in 
your Magazine, arrive at one and the 
same conclusion respecting it. 

Itia known thatthis Lctteroccasioned 
a bloodless contest between two noble- 
men, and that Horace VValpole tells 
the tale with his usual piquancy. 
The authorship must, consequently, 
have been well canvassed at tlic time ; 
the writer's name in all probability 
was known ; and a discovery of that 
name would perhaps reward the 
efforts of any who possess facilities 
and I for the invcMigatioa. 

That made, then comet lh« 

question — Was Ar Junius} 

Yours. &c. PsMtcRtrriToa. 



45 



RETROSPECTIVE REVIEW. 



«l Tair* and olhvf Pofmt. By George Tarberville. ReprinM from tht 
tiitioH of 1597. Edinh. 1837, *to. (Printed for private circulation, atul 
tamittd to fifty eojnrf.) 

GEORGE TURBERVILLE, the author of these poems, was a youager 
••B of Nich. Tarberville, of White Church in Dorsetshire ; was educated at 
Wbchester. became Kellow of New College. Oxford, 15G1 ; but, before he took 
■ dcfTM, left it and entered one of the inns of court, where he was admired 
for hi» poetrr. He was secretary to Thos. Randolph, esq. who went ambas- 
ig,]^. r,,.,., QoQpn Elizabeth to the Emperor of Russia. He wrote " Poems 
fc«; i'laces and Manners of the Country aod People of Russia," anno 

IW'>. .'!. .iHO published Epitaphs, Epigrams, Songs, and Sonnets, J570. 
8to. Turberville was also the translator of the Eclogue of Mantuan, 1567 
and 159*. 12mo. ; and he gave aversion of the " ileroical Epistles of the 
learned Poet P. OridiusNaso/'ofwhich it is said there were four editions, 1367, 
1569, 1600, and one without date. A. Wood observes, that he finds George 
Torbeiville to be the author of, 1. Essays Politic and Moral, 1608. 8vo. 2. 
The Book of Falconry and Hawking, 1611, 4to. revived by another band. Of 
this book an earlier edition in 137^ has been traced. See Censura Literaria, 
vol. X. p. 132. Among the Rawlinson MSS. there are two copies of a trans- 
lation of Tasso's Godfrey of Bolloiog, by Sir G. T. which Rawlinson believed 
to br Turberville, but it does not appear on what grounds; nor is it known 
that Tarberville was ever knighted. The period of his death is not known, 
hot it occurred, probably, previously to iGl 1. The Tragical Tales arc mostly 
taken from Boccaccio. 

See, on the works of this poet, Censura Literaria, vol. i. p. 319 ; 2nd ed. vol. 
III. p. 72. Rilson's Bibliog. Poet. p. 368, Warton's Hist, of Eng. Poetry, 
vol. ili. p, •«21, vol. iv. p, 247. Ellis's Specimens, vol. ii. p. 577. Philips's 
Thcatrum Poetarum, p. 117. BIbliothcca Anglo-Poetica, p. 359. 

Onr copy of the Heroycall Epistles of Ovid, &c. 1567, was given to us by 
the late Mr. R. Heber, and is a very scarce volume. It may be remarked that 
the eleventh, twelflli. twentieth, and tw<nty-first Epistle are in blank verte, 
the remainder in rhyme. 



From the Avt/tour to the Reader. 
Is this thy hsatj heart thou nhewst. 

Too playne thy pryde appccres, 
Uow durst thon deale in tield stfoires i 

I,etve off, unyoke thy atceres. 
Vn Inflie Lac&n'f verse olooe, 
1 of dcrpc devise, 
\ ftile, a pccrlessc pen, 
. : .. ^f ^veigbtie pryce. 
M': r noble /}i/c*7(tinr/ brsiuc, 

^^ ' . .s built lior bourr, 

Of imrpose there to lodge bertclfc, 

And shiw h'.T princely powrc. 
Hii iirelling value would better btsae 

These roysll Riiman perres, 
Than uy one in Brutus' land 

That Uvdc these many yccn« 
A»lKt within that little hW 

Ofiol''*'* wittes it store ; 
OnM change and eiioisc of learned ymps 

At r*»i lie. 

I Door il ie some. 

Bat yti vi ui >uc rest, 



Stnce cnvie, let my verdite passe, 

Lord Buckhurtt i.« the best. 
Wee all that ladie Muses ire, 

Who be in number nine, 
With one a>ccord did bleate this babe. 

Each said — This ympe is mine. 
Each one of us at lime of birth 

With Juno were in plarc, 
And each upon this tender childe 

Bestowed her gift of grace. 
Myselfe among the moe alowde 

Him poets praised skill, 
Aud to commend hit gallant verse, 

I gave him wordet at will. 
Miner\'a Itd'd bim on her lappe, 

And let bim mouy a kitsc ; 
As who would say — wbca all is done, 

They all shall yield to lliil. 
This matter were more meet for Uira, 

And farrc unfit for thee, 
My sister Clio with thy kindc, 

Doit best of all agree, &c. 



Kre^ RBTsosPEcrtVE Review. [July. ^^ 


^V ON TBE niOBT NOBLB LOkO WILLIAM KAKL OF PBUBROCS BIS DEATB. ^^ 


Tlioagb better* pea the pnite 
Of him that earned fame, 

Yet pardon men of meaner (kill 
If they attempt the same. 


By wit great wealth be wonne, ^^M 
By fortune favour came ; ^^M 

With favour friends, and with the fnendl 
Assurance of the same. , 


Good will may be as great 
In simple wits to write 

In commeoilation of the good, 
As heads of deeper sight. 


Of princes ever praised ^^M 
Advaunst and staid in state, ^^M 

From first to lost commended much, ^^M 
In honour's stoolc he sate. ^^M 


Wherfor among the rest 
That rue this Earlcs want, 

Myself will set mjr muse abroach, 
Altho' my vaine be scant. 


Beloved of Henry well, ^B 
Of edward held as deere, ^H 

A doubt whether soone or father loved ^H 
Him best as might appeere. ^H 


m» rtalme hal/i hit a lavipe 
That g»Te a gallant show. 

No stranger half so strange to ns 
But did this noble know. 


Queene Mary felt a want, ^H 
If Pembroke were away, '^^M 

So greatly she affied him, ^^| 
M'hilest she did have tlie sway. ^^t 


^ Big virtues spred so farre, 
^m His worthy workes so wide 
V^l>*t forrain princes held him de«re 
Where so he was imploid. 


And of oor peerelesse Queene, ^^M 
That all the rest doth paise, ^M 

I need not write, she shew'd hir low, ^H 
Whose steward Pembroke wis. ^H 


Whose wit such credit won 

In countrey sertice still, 
That f nrie could not give the checkci 

Nor rancor reaue good will. 


^th such a noble then, ^H 
By death our daily foe, ^^M 

Is reft this realme, why do we not ^^M 
By te&res our sorrowes ahowe ? ^^M 


He ever kept the ronme 

That prince and fortune gave, 
Ai courteous in the countrey as 

In court a courtier brave. 


Why lesue we to lament ? ^^M 
Why keepe we in our cries ? ^H 

Why <io we not pour out our plaints ^H 
By oonditea of our eiea ? ^^t 


To low and meanest men 
A lowly mind he bore. 

No liautie hart to stoutc estates 
Unletse the cause were mote. 


Our noble prince, our |>eeres, ^H 
Both poorc and riclie may me, ^^M 

And each one sorrow Pembroke dead ^B 
That earst him living knew. ^H 


But than a lion's hart 

This dreadful dragon bad, 

In field among his foes, as fierce 
As in the senate sad. 


Yt joy in one respect ^^| 
That he who lived so liie ^B 

In honor's seat his honor saved ^^M 
And fortundc so to die. ^^^^M 


Had Pallas at his birth 
For Pembroke done his best. 

As nature did ; thru Pembroke bad 
SormouDted all the rest. 


Which stroke of noble state, ^^^^| 
Sitb cruel! death hath reft, ^^^^| 

I wish the branches lung tn bud ^^^^| 
That of Ibe roote are left. ^H 


For though that learning laokt 

To paint the mailer out. 
What case of weight so wdghlie was, 

But Pembroke brought about .> 


And prosper so alive, ^^^^H 
.Vs did this noble tree, ^^^^^| 

Auil after many happy dayea ^^^^^| 
To die a* well as hee. ^^^^| 


Another epitaph Dpon the death of Hcary Sydeoham and Gylea Bamplltld, ' 


^ Yf tenn>« might .niiRht 


-iTnylt: to Stint my Trot:, ^^^^^H 




^^^H 





IStrhtrvilk'n Pormt. 

BootcleM it were, therefore I wy] tstay 
To tli«ir BTaelfe • fread lome otlicr wtj. 

1 
Some otber wtj, u bj my mourning pen 

To doe the world to wft, whit wjgnt* thej were . 
Whose deathi I wajle, whtt frendly forward men. 

And to lhj« Und they both did beve ♦ 
Alu I I rue to nunc them ia my verse, 
Whow only thought my trembling hand doth pearie. 

4 
Bat yet I muit of force their name* unfolds 

(For thingi concealde ire seldom when bewail'd) — 
T'one Sydenham waa a manly wight and bolde, 

In whom neither courage hante, nor feature faylde ; 
Faytbrnl to frendea, undannted to bis foes, 
A iambe in lOTe, when he to fancy chose. 

i 

The second, neere unto myselfe allyde. 
Gyles Bamfield bight (I wetrp to wryte his name), 

A KiHont ympe, amyd bis youthful pryde, 

\V liose srcmly shape commended nature's frame; 

Ii-cktc of the gods in cradle where he lay 

With loTely lymmes and parts of ptireat clay. 

(i 
Tbemselves might boast theyr birth for gentle blood, 

The houses are of countenance whence they came. 
And Taunt I dare their virtues rare u good 

As was their race, and 6tted to the saiue. 
There wanted nought to make them perfect blest 
Sare bappy deatbes, which clouded idl the rest. 

7 
When rasoall Irysh hapned to rebel 

(Who acid we see do long continue true), 
Unto the Tx>rd of Essex lotte it fell 

To ha»e the lotte these outlaws to subdue. 
Who went away to please the prynce and statCi 
Attended on of many a doughty mate. 

8 
Whose names although my dreary quil oonoeale. 

Yet they (I trust) wil take it well in worthe, 
For noble mindes employed to common weale 

Shall t^nd a stammc to blaze their prowess foorth : 
My dolefnl roase but this alone intends, 
To wryte and wayle my frendes unhappy endea. 

9 ^ , 

Away they would, and gave their last adew, 

Witli bumiag heart* to slay the savage foe, 
Beatridr their steads, and to the sea they flew, 

Wlicn weather rose and water raged so. 
As they (alas t) who meant their country good 
W«r« (Mat 10 lOM their lives in Irish flood. 

10 
Thnse eyw that shotUd have look'd the foe in faoa 

Were then ronstrain'd to wink at every wave ; 
Ti .,■ valiant armcs the billows did embrace 

it Towcd with sword this realm's renown to save ; 
i U>»e manly minds that dreaded no mishap 
Ware aoust in seaa, and caoght in snddain trap. 



Apparently tome word ii wantiiig in thii line to complete the meaaure. 



48 



Retbospbctive Review.— rurftfrwY/eV Poems. 



[July, 



M 
Frood Eole prince, controller of the windi, 

With churlish Neptune, loverelga of the seu, 
Did play their parts and show'd their stubborn kinds, 

Whom no request nor prayer might oppease. 
The Trojan duke hid not so great ■ brunt 
When he of yore for LaTinc lands did hunt. 

12 
And yet these wights committed none offence 

To Judo, as Sir Paris did of yore. 
Their only travell was for our defense. 

Which makes me waile their sudden deaths the more. 
But what the gods do purpose to be done. 
By proofs we see, man's wisdom cannot shun. 

11 
Ye wnter-nimphcs, and you that ladies be 

Of more remorse, and of a milder mood 
Than Neptune or King Eole, if you see 

Their balcfull bodies driving on the flood, 
Take np their lims, allowing them a grave. 
Who well deserved a richer hearse to have, 

14 

Wheron do stampe this small device in (tone, 
That possers-by may read with dewy eyes, 

When tbey by chance shall chance to light tliercon, 
Loe Sydenham here, and liampAeld's body lies. 

Whose willing hearts to serve their prince and realme 

Shortened their lives amid this wrathful! streame. 



A previous epitaph on these persons occtirs, p. 340— 
noticeg of Spenser ; p. 300 ; — 

My Spenser, Spite is Virtne's deadly foe. 
The best are ever snre to be«r the' bkme. 



■34S. There arc thr(« 



P. 308 ;— 



P. ars. 



My Spenser, spare to speakc 
And ever spare to speede, he. 



If I should now forget, 

Or not remember thee. 
Thou (Spenser) inightst a foul rebuke 

And shame impute to me. 
For I to open shew 

Did love thee passing well ; 
And thou were he at parture whom 

I loathed to kid farewell. 

This poem was written on his journey to Russia, nod In which be gives an 
ftfcount of the manners of the country, a« i>pcoscr requested him to do, 

Aoil as I went thy friend 

So I continue still, 
No better proofe thou canit desire 

Than this of true good will. 
I do remeuibor well 

When needs I should away. 

Among the tragical tales, p 
been subaequ^ . • ■ • 
sonnet* is •> 

(p. 392), but *>> iij iivi i 111 



And that the poast would llcenne us 

No longer time to stay. 
Thou «Toonf«t tne bv the fist, 

A.. ,1. 

Dill I hue news, 



Aim 



KIUJ, 8(C. 



183. occurs one on the Baiill-PotalaU thai has 

'• ■-- : -'- •'.: ' ; ,„■• :■... ,h, 

if* 

J. M. 




49 



REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS 




Tib nomond Thmyt rilaHng to China .- 
yntk n Sptopti* tffthe Chinne Col- 
ketioa. Bf W. B. Langdon. 
TBIS work, published by the 

Sniteouo viho is the curator of 
t ChtDeie Collection in Loodon, 
will be of great utility to thoec 
who riijt it, Bod to those who hove 
not the opportunity it will afford 
MOM insight into the customs and 
hsbits of the most ancient and singulnr 
people on the face of the earth. We 
turned to tin- accouot of tlie Chinese 

IiadiesoB the tirst subject of inquiry, aad 
Ve found (p. 67) that a Chinese lady 
'siMt not show her hands, which arc 
tovemi with long sleeves ; that her 
kail* nu«t grow very long; that she 
kauat have large prtidanl ears ; a 
Meodei willow waist ; that her natural 
tytbroxrs must be removed, and a de- 
licate pencil- line, resembling Lew- 
khoo, mutt be drawn instead ; that 
Btr foot must not exceed two inches 
to lengtli; and that she must paint 
ber face white and red. Tliere is a 
good account of the "Jugglers " given 
at p. 77 and following pages. Wrex- 
iptractone of their feats : — 

"A man is armed with an iuslmment 

bliag t trident, or what it termed bjr 

rwilon 'grains,' to whuli formiilnlile 

poo i* attached a inng hnnillr of biu^l 

wood. The juggli^r with surfirising 

eftpth of firm *!irrirTf! hi^ wrnprin pcr- 

1 'leight ; 

If mea- 

' nil 

ill 



■ Uih ptriun, 

ir dnnng and 

>nr]>asses in skill 

i| rill«-ehotsof the 




agreeable taste ; little bolts made o(_ 
shark's fins ; eggs prepared by heab 
of which the smell and taste ar 
equallyrepulsive; immense giubs.crabit 
and pounded shrimps, &c. lostea 
of butler the castor-oil-plant is eaten 
The flesh of dogs, rats, cats, and mic^ 
enter into the bill of fare. The larvi| 
of the sphinx-moth and a grub found iM 
the sugar-cane are much relished, alsd 
the flesh of wild hordes, the sea-slug,| 
and the paws of bears. The waters 
beetle is captured for food, and silk*! 
worms are fried in oil. At an impe- 
lial feast given to the British embassy,] 
a soup concocted of mare's milk and 
blood was among the dishes. Wltite 
cabbage and soy complete the cata- 
logue of this ambrosial fare. 

There is a good accouut of the dif- 
ferent teas given by Mr. Davis (p. 330),J 
Pc*oe is formed of the early leaf-bud| 
ill spring (Pak-hoo, -white down), Soui] 
chong of the more matured leaves^ 
(Jongou of Btill larger, and Bohea is ol 
the last picking. Buhea is the namt 
of a district ; Congou, man's laboui^ 
(Kung-foo) ; Souchong (smaller scare* 
sort.) Green teas may be divided intft 
I. Twankayi 2. Hyson; 3. Gun^ 
powder; 4. Young Hyson. The HyiJ 
son Pekoe has never been brought td 
England on account of its scarcity anrf 
high price. The mandarins send it ill 
very small canisters, as presents td 
their friends. Green tea (p. 233) i« 
not dried in copper, but in pans of casl^ 
iron.* 



While'! Hitlory of Selbome. A ntml 
Edilionwilh Noles. By Rev. Leonard! 
Jenvns, M.A. 



WHEN Mr. White was observing 
nature and her various productiona 

* China, in a Serif of Vinct, &c. by 
T. Allom, e?q. snd Rev. G. N- Wright, it 
a lieAiitiful work now in the course of J 
pnlijir.ition. Tli« wenrs are highly io> 
t.i ' sre finely eiei ' 

ri rn written witll 

go.' ' ...r , :„ ,..;....tug and agrraabU 

manntr. 

.1 



Rbtiew. — Foss's Grandeur of the Ldm. 



■ 



TviUi the eye of a scientific naturalist 
at Selborne, with the exception of Mr. 
Pennant and Barrington, he had 
scarcely any companions in his inter- 
esting field of inquiry, and he lived 
remote from the world, in a wild and 
unfrequented district of northern 
Hampshire. We are old enough to 
know those who rememhered White 
in his favourite village taking his re> 
gular morning stroll with his gun in 
his hand, along the hedgerows and 
coppices and by the hcccbcn hangers, 
in pursuit of hit game; and we our- 
aelves have wandered over the scenes 
of his pleasing labours, now completely 
despoiled of many of their former 
charms. White's volume contains the 
knowledge of a naturalist delivered 
in the language of a scholar. It has 
been deservedly much praised and 
read, and of late several new editions 
of it have appeared. There is one by 
Ihe late Mr. Bennet, which is particu- 
larly distinguished for the valuable 
information on the habits, instincts, 
&c. of birds, by Hon. and Rev. Mr. 
Herbert, now Dean of Manchester ; 
and the present, by Mr. Jcnyns, will 
be not less esteemed for the original 
matter which it contains. Mr. Jenyns 
ba« not made his what may be called 
a variorum edition like the former, but 
has given White's text, with his occa- 
sional notes upon it, adding or com- 
menting as was necessary, utid as ad- 
ditional information has been obtained. 
We gave to our friend Mr. Jesse, a few 
years since, a list of the birds which 
bad been killed in ourncighbourhood on 
the eastern coast of England (Suffolk). 
which he inserted in the third volume 
of his Gleanings ; to which wc have 
now to add the honey buzzard, and a 
most beautiful bird, the lcel.\nd falcon, 
the colour of the plumage white, with 
brown spots. — peihnps the only bird 
of the kind ever shot in England. It 
probably bad been a trained bird, for, 
only having been winged, it was kept 
•live some time ; ami uhat was curious 
in his habits was its willingness to be 
fed by the hand, while it never at- 
tempted to feed itself. This bird is now 
placed in a colleclion near Becclrs. 
Xl,., i.;,,u ,.f ,,1^,.,. ,.f ,.ii L,,,.u ..,, bc- 

CC'i it of 



years 
seen 



the owl will no longer be 



- To wave its pinions graf 



For more profound repose." 



raven no loi 
«8eT>ie »en 



^ the 

' 1 ow and 

II a ffw 



Tilt Grandeur of thf Law : or. the Legal 

Peers of Enyland, i[c. By Edward 

Foss, E»g. 

WE think that Mr. Foss has exe- 
cuted his work with much judgment 
and good taste. His biographical 
sketches vary in fullness and length 
according to the importance of the 
character delineated, and the materials 
that were at command. Mr. Foss has 
shown that impartiality that becomes 
the historian, and has never suffered 
either the bias of politics, or the par- 
tiality of private feeling, to lead him 
from the truth. Few persons, we be- 
lieve, who have not read this work 
have any conception of the debt which 
our peerage owes to the profession of 
the law, and how illustrious are the 
names recorded of those persons who, 
having risen to fame and fortune by 
the arduous toil of legal studies, have 
united themselves with the oldest no. 
bility of the land. Of the favourable 
reception of the work we have no 
doubt whatever; and we think that 
in his next edition Mr. Foss might 
without any hazard venture on the 
extension of his biographical notices, 
and with advantage give referenc* 
to the books, historical or critical, 
wherein the lives are noticed, or 
the works reviewed, in the same 
manner that he has quoted from 
Uryden in his character of Bucking- 
ham. We pencilled the following 
(rifling notes on the margin of oor 
copy : — 

P'ref. p. xi. Was not the U. Pldtipi 
whom Mr. Fuss mentions as the au- 
thor of the ft'oik with a title like hit 
own, called the Grandeur of the Law, 
the nephew of Milton, and a popular 
author of the day r 

P. 22. Should not GiddyMnW. Essex, 
be Gideaf It stanch aliout two miles 
from Romford, on the left of the Col- 
chester road. 

P, 30, •••Hir '• ♦-■• ' " ite) 
t|i« eociinil l!.' i<-4 

in a duel willi ." 

This wax Ihr »a 

well known ii i-i ''^ 

Guardian on th* sabject, Na. 139 OAd 




tS43.'] ReTiBW.— 7Ae Lav>j/ef.~- Sketches of Human Life. 



^ 
^ 

I 
^ 

^ 



^ 
^ 



r. Its. VTc think there is a trifling 
mistake lo the account of the Lyttle- 
loo fainilf . The present Lord is son 
of TtQutm //mryLoril Lyttleton, who 
ABM to the title on the death of his 
hal/-brother, who died unmarried in 
iS2S. If we oje right, grandton 
thoald replace idh in the text. 

P. 19S. Ill the account of Lord 
Rtdt»Jale. it might be noticed that he 
wu returned for Oeeralston and East 
Loi' "■ influence of the Duke of 

No: itid. This laid prohably 

the iijuiuiiiiiuii of his fortune, which 
waa *u«lainpd and improved by his 
taJenta and industry. He was a good 
artiat, drew with taste and spirit, and 
potkcated a critical knowledge of pic- 
tures. Mr. Foss has not mentioned 
his controvcrty with Sir S, Roinilly on 
the tnbject of the vice-chancellorship. 



fe. m 




Tk* Lairyrr ; hit Character nud liule 
uf Lift, Sfc, By Edward O'Brien, 
ttc. 

A WORK written in imitation of 
Herbert's Country Parson, and de- 
aerrinr prai-se fnr its good sense, its 
»ol: T«irg imagery, 

aiiii ' rjuaint, style 

of coiupositiou. A veiy well written 
iptrodoction, signed A. DE V. (Aubrey 
de Vere) informs us that the author 
was his fiiend. that be was the third 
ton ' ' c Sir Edward O'Brien of 
Dt ;.at he was born in 1S08, 

wa« <ti. • nil. toll. Cambridge, became 
a member of the Irish bar, and died 
in )840 of a fever. 

" tn the compoiiition of this book (be 
•dda) the iiutbor had no thoughts of fame 
or whnl i> called literary success. His 
itnpul>c v«:l^ simply the love of justice j 
hi^ . was the de^irc to assist 

oO.. 1 formance of their duly. I 

can t."i!r alliria of thi< trralise that it is 
a nnnrr book. It came from the heart 
of the suihor, and embodies his most 
solemn conTictioni." 



The 'tvl. 




of the following pages, 

that of the present 

• cfed. The author's 

:uip!illy among old books, 

I' wrote naturally in their 



The otrject of the work (p. 10) is to 

■ !■' the cfiaincler of 

: ; to suggest the 

iiK'ii viuiuld animate him, 

inciples which should direct 



him in the exercise of his calling. The 
work will be found as entertaining a» 
instructive, for the author shows great 
variety of information, and leads the 
mind of the reader by very luminous 
end pleasing lines of rea.<<oning, white 
the pure and lofty spirit in which it is 
written imparts an increased dignity 
and importance to the subject 



serva^n 



Sketchei of Human Life. By C. 
Dering, M.A. 
A SPRIGHTLY, sensible, 
amusing little volume. Sound observat 
tioo, entertaining anecdote, with a 
sprinkling of humour and joke, are no 
bad materials for a book in these days 
of ponderous and massive dullness. 
We beg to refer all those of our 
married friends, who consider it im- 
possible that any ditTcrence of opinion 
could possibly take place between 
them and their belter-halvei, to the 
story of the blackbird and thrush at 
p. 62 ; and, as an inculcation of the 
virtue of patience, we refer to p. 71, 
which, not being too long, wc shall gi 

" One ilsy nn old and somewhat hi 
inorous friend of mine, travelling in a 
gig, came to a stand-stiU (seemingly a 
hopeless halt) in a narrow lane (of coarse 
he was in a hurry) owing to the wilfulness 
of n carter, who advanced the more re- 
solutely, until their e^everal horses were 
almost come into contact, the more he 
angrily desired him not to advance. My 
friend, to use a favourite term of the pre- 
sent (lay, ' was not to be done,' so he 
took a newspaper and read very patiently 
as he imagined ; but the carter was, to 
use another peculiar phrase, ' vride awake,' 
and knew, as well as ray friend in his 
heart knew, that hit opponent was in* 
wardly boiling with hopeless anger; sOj^ 
after he had read, or seemed to read, 
half an hour, the carter said, ' Sir, wi 
you haft done irit/i dial paper, icill yi 
ol/liffe me liy lellitig me read it ." It is a 
long lane that has no turning, and thia 
cool impudence showed so much fun in 
the fellow that it turned away my friend's 
wralh, and he said ' Well, my hearty, ^ 
have got the best of It ; you had more 
tirncc than I had, to now let us both 
and see how we can manage to pass 
other.' Where there's a will there's a 
so matters were arranged, and tho travel- 
lera parted good friends." 

Now for another prt>of of the virtue 
of patience. 

*' I remember a itorm on Loch Choril> 






SO^j 

is a 

thia 
.n in 
end' s » 



2Bi 



mm 



M 



a 



Rbyibw. — -Morris's Nature, m Parable. 



tJ«ly. 



■ 



in Ireland. To fight through this yagt 
lalce In a ttorm require* potitnct or you 
ire loit, tnd become food for the tacred 
trout, which the people believe were 
Urtrt and I'ne for ever ,- at all eveots, for 
their Uven, they dare not kill them, Nonr 
of patience on that ereniDg I aanr a re- 
markable proof, and an initance to which 
DO country but Irelaud, probably, could 
ninater a parallel. A poor fisherman, 
living on the edge of the lake, was 
alarmed under an impression that this 
autumn storm would unroof bis cabin, 
and he knew it waa unlikely he should ob . 
tain another thatched roof before the im- 
pending winter. I have said the Irish- 
man so situated was poor.- it is an evil to 
be/ioor, but I say he was not poor in in- 
vention, and so he proved ; for, having 
divested himself of nearly all his clothing 
to avoid injury to it from the rain, he 
awaited very patiently {litiing attride on 
ihe no/ <{f hit cabin, in order to keep 
taftty the thatched roof tkereuf) the con- 
clusion of the storm. A truly Irish 
tfheme, but he succeeded in Irs object. 
If that was not /la/ienre, perhaps another 
tour io Ireland may teach me what is.'' 



Nature, a Parable ; a Poem in eeirn 
bookt. B<i Rev. J. U. Morns, M.A. 
THIS has been to us a volume oC 
much inttrest, but rather from the ge- 
neral spirit, feeling, and doctrine, than 
for its poetical merits, though we do 
not think meanly of them, or for the 
peculiar litness of the subject fur poeti- 
cal illustration and ornament, The 
author is master both of poetical lan- 
guage and of ihythmical harmony. 
His expression and his versiGcation re- 
semble those of Wordsworth, but 
without direct imitatioD, and his 
metre is elegant and bannonious 
throughout : while the poem abounds 
with beautiful topics, allegorical pic- 
tures, and poetical images and re- 
semblances taken from the writings of 
the Kathert of the Church- The author 
Bay*, 

" I might not dlsadvaotagcouslj em- 
|iloy m» leisure hour* in rinrrcline; "nd 



waa even talked of, except by such at 
were either ignorant of their writings, or, 
vrith some knowledge of these, made no 
effort to follow their stern holiness and pa- 
tient gentleness. The graciousoess of our 
Lord's promises reaches even to the eforta 
to do hit Father's will." 

We must add another extract from the 
preface, which we do, not only because 
what the author says is in accord- 
ance with what we think, but for the 
far better reason, tJiat this preface 
gives the key-note to hit poem, and 
unfolds the spirit and purpose in which 
it is written. 

" I hope that whatevf ■'■ f- ■" "f -tv!c 
or judgment or doctrii. 
this work, I have tbroug '1 

a conviction that tterit livinj/ is I lie way 
to understand the tubjectt of which it 
makes a feeble attempt to treat. If in 
e:(pressing that conviction, I have any 
where seemed deficient in geoltencss, 1 
have little doubt myself that it ii to b« 
attributed to myown want oi ttemnem my- 
self. Of the seeming chilitithnexu of some 
interpretations of Scripturti, or other 
tilings contained in this book, (if they 
me taken from the Fathers,) «r have no 
right to form an opinion, until we lire Ihe 
tiriel lirei of Ihe Fathei'i. And as there 
arr people in England who, one tru.its, 
are moviag in that direction, 1 humbly 
hope that this book may not be unaccepta- 
ble to such persona. It is adilrcsaed to 
them, and not to other people ; and the 
poanessiion of leimre for studying the 
Father!', or the liability to do so as a 
duty, seems in some mrjisure a call upon 
one to venture, in spite of one's own great 
deficiencies, the attempt so to direct one's 
atudies as to supply the wsnta of people 
of that descriptioo," Ike. 

For the subject of the pocto, tha 
author says, 

" Tlie whole of the typical meaning of 
nature is bii' 1 .(..iiin,,,!,.... ,.r,-.ii...- .,„ 

instaure or ( 

Bishop Bn . 

that the ChHrcli tystcui and i f 
naf-itrr iirorrrdrd from the ^ 



irs. 1 went to tbnu in this, at in 
_^^,. reapecta, with a dctirc to consult 
' tiiem as oradca, not to judge of them u 
anthort." 

And then k« add*. 
" As for • blind reDrrenoe for them, 1 
cuutot boUerc that mch a thii>( Milt*, or 



Iwcoo the 

inrr.r.l ill t' 



ditcipului uturs,' t»j' 



:. Uial 

'OC or 

LTcdat 
lilt 



1843.] 



Uvrtsyt.— Church Poetry. 



1)00. ■ 




Ike dcfrer 

n Ibceon' 

loMfilutioB m nli^D, and caJls it Uic 
MtaM c4 ■!! »rror. The nti'wcr U> thu 
li, Ti' >. of an 

t » ri i ' ' -iibjecti 

iOtO ; '»ut-. I I'dijii i"ing those 

•IrirV, • > ilic Hubji'clii of the 

I,- .„, K ,. ,.,,.1,. ,,.!,,(. 



' uiii|Mi&cb subjects 

* 't>lHtff}Ott, "uch lu 
> of our 

>a, aiid 

• [iinLc 111 iirac : we 
I iiol imfxvouralili; 
rite. ImaginstioD 

mnldle with the 
' to me ; for it deals 
tlic^'«rmj ill tbio^ uiikuonu, anil 
F'hwEcstlicm forth,' and lucilisen them, 
■ ' linl trulbii do 

hcmy. It is 
^^JMtti u'.', such 08 the 

^^^^Kt' instance, or 

^^^^^■ba'-lu, sU performed in 

^^^^^L K«tar*l of eternal 

^^^^^^^^K '^te dummion," 

^^^^W^^)»ni ;;im<1<kJ into seven 

kookt. — The Inttucluctlon — The 

Onalcr Light. — The Stars and Light. 

— Tb« W«erB anil Winds. — The 

T»»*« """I [^.-•>n Tbitigs, — Beasts and 

'M in Soul HDd Hody. — 

ve find io this puem in 

xlract, is the same as that 

I In most others written 

•>'. Kiiinc leogtli in blank 

i when the jioetical merit 

Dot depend upon the brilliancy of 

hio paMBgcs, as in lyrical or lira- 

'. poetry, but in the gearrul feeling 

'barmonv of the wliole. There 

'-ate, no oha> 

>a events to 

HI /act, which 

>i tmatl compau, 

L i<" ijom fur lung cx- 

tncts. Let us takii a passage on 

liftitkc ap luin.K ,,, ,,i„v..i (p, 347), 

«hicE w aion of 

tbc aut!. . :,lng on 

MlC^' I an of tbc poeti- 

_cy»i' i work. 




But flioiiM it he rnrbitlrlcn to belicro 
I » truth 
iip the hands 

nicslO 

"g«. 

: on ua 
UcnUiwcii to dv, lliHt lucks Hpfiiireut use, 
Wlieucc frniwctji ilutiful vubiuistiveursa 
To forffntheri in fiitli ; inU wlicn the tears 
' If (H'tiUeuta tlmt mourn fur Sion's woci 
Are itrupping from tliem, fclloirsliip nccruei 
To tbem with .^.tupb, whu«u upliAed hands 
K»n down with water, flowing from his eyes. 
And luply It wa>« d'?si)riied that humble souls, 
Who irladly follow little iimcfice* 
<if form'--' -'.''•<- -1 < t " ..-..^:...,t meed 

111 Ulltl' 

'I'hflt k>-- 1 t seem 

obscure, a^ tuucluu}^ nut lu tliLio ^uch string 
ijf aympathy with hallowed men of old, 
Ml tliat the saints, in whom nbiiling-ly 
The spirit dwt^lt, hare, by their doing it, 
Mn^te honourable — or ways of spending thnci 
Or rules for winning grace, or i>elty rites 
I>es«rveth man's esteem — and is't not they 
Who loo^t are gifted with the inward light 
And irladness of Hii* jirMcnre, that despise 
tSmsli things so hallowed, and are forwardcst 
To moke ttie abuse of these by hypocritea 
Tlieir srrument for scorn of little things 
Which I r.iir and gi 

^hem^• i-m with 

Oh I thai , ,iit be found 

In all around us I Then such ontwanl thingi 
Would burst ai naturally from all their beai 
,Vs flow ers toward the light when spring retuma 
T'l pay with fragrant savour reins from 
Heaven, in. 

To give a clear and sufficient idea of 
the poem, would require various and 
lunger extracts ; but this is not in our 
power to give ; and wc must leave it as 
it is, to make Its way by its own 
merits to the hearts of those whom its 
piety, its learning, and its eloquence, 
will not fail to attract and to delight, 



4 



I 

ao4^H 

aw^^H 
iid^H 

»rt4H 




Chiirrh Pottry ; or CUrutian TTioughlt, 
■n Old and Modern l'tr»e. 

A CHARMING little volume of 
poetry well selected from our old 
writers, and with some graceful and 
elegant compositioos from modem 
ones ; some anonymous, and otbe|^^H 
designed by particular initials and pr^^f 
vate marks, and a few with the nam^^B 
allixed. The editor in his advertise- 
ment justly observes, 

" Among the numerous cullevtioiu of 

relit, liiii^ luwlix nliK'll h:ui' llltlirrto Sp* 

1 '. fc^l. 

i;(. n want 





■-ar 




Review. — Tomliuson's Sancia Bega. 



tJoly. 



^ 



of that hai-mony of belief on c<i>cntial 
point! with some of the writeri. which ii 
to oecesury to render that kind of reading 
nltimately pleasant or profitable. Church- 
men and Dissenters have been mingled to- 
gether, and most opposite views have been 
placed perhaps side by side, as if verse 
might be a veil for inconsistency, and as if 
poetry itself were intended only to excite 
the fancy, and indulge the imogiuation 
without any care to convey primitive and 
consistent truth. It has been one chief 
aim of this book to avoid that soil of 
error ; and, as a first step towards securing 
uniformity of creed, none but the writings 
of Churchmen have been consalted." 

This work is arranged under several 
heads, as Repentance, Holy Dying, 
Future State, Prayer, &c. In a new 
edition the number of old poets from 
which additional selections might be 
made may be increased, and we shall 
feel happy to afford the editor such as- 
sistance. Among the modern we 
should point Nature and Art, p. 32, 
signed D. Morweiina: statio.hodieMor- 
wenston, by R. S. Hawker, p. 104. The 
Death of .Moses, p. 854. The follow- 
ing little production of Bishop Ken 
is written with taste and feeling. 

THK rOBT. 
Prophets and Poets were of old 
Made of the same celestial mould ; 
True Poets arc a saint-like race 
And, with the gift, receive the grace i 
Of their own songs the virtue feel, 
Warmed with an heaven-enkindled zeal. 

A Poet should have heat and light ; 
Of all things a capucious sight ; 
Serenity with rapture joined ; 
Aims noble ; eloquence refined, 
Strong, modest ; sweetness to endear ; 
Expressions lively, lofty, clear, 

Uigh thoughts -, an admirable theme; 
For decency a chaste esteem ; 
Of harmony a perfect skill ; 
Just char.ncters of good and ill ; 
And all concentred — souls to please, 
Instruct, intlamc, melt, calm, and cue. 

Snch graces can nowhere be found 

Eii'i""' ^........-..i..,! ".-ounil, 

Wl air UiOttght, 

By- ..t. 

Where fiacb pocltc voiarj singi. 

In hravonly Hlralos, of heavenly things. 

We odd the following vfrses by tin- 
Rev. Jolin D«vi-.ciii. hi well for their 
own beauty, ■ every frag- 

ment of cnr' lora the pen 

of " 'a, is too 



a'dfl^ 



aPITAPII IN WOaCESTER CATHKOaaL. 
Rer. John DaritoH. 

If heavenly flowers might bloom nnhum'd. 
earth, 
And gales o( Eden still their balm liesti 
lliy gentle virtues, rich iu purest worth 

Might yet have lingered in our vsle below. 
Loved daughter, sister, fneod I— we saw awhil** 
Thy ineckeied modesty winch lovtd tlie 
shade. 
Thy faithfulness which knew nor rhanf* 
guile. 
Thy heart, like iiicenae on Ood'a altar 
But He, whose Spirit breathes tlic air divti 
That gives to souls tlicir lovelhicai 
grace. 
Soonest embowers pure faithful hearts 
thine, 
In his own paradise,— their blissful p1 



77ie Life and Miracles of Sancia BegOf^ 
Palroneu of the Priory of St. Bi 
written by a Monki»U Hitlorian . H 
A'o/f» by G. C. Tomlinson, F.S. 
8ro. 

THE heroine of this story was ait 
Irish princess, born early in the seventh 
century, wlio has left her name to an 
extensive parish, and to a promon- 
tory on the Cumbrian coast, and whoso 
foundation has inherited the peculiar 
bleseing of becoming the arena of 
religions instruction in a later age 
and a purer form. Tliere will bemi 
who from this cause will, like 
editor of this little book, take an 
tercst in the Inquiry, Who was St, 
Bega i But the information to 
obtained is, after all, legendary ; 
her history was written in the twc 
century, five hundred years from the 
age in which she is said to have 
flourished. 

It is derived from a volume of lives of 
f-aiuts contained in the Cottonian MS. 
Kauatina, U. iv. ff. 122 — 139. of which 
a translation is first given by 
Tomlinson, and then the origi 
Latin. The translation iuelf is 
executed, with the exception of the 
[ircface or protmium, "' 
entirely remodelled, that i ' 
•,. r,i ,|^ " The aources froui 

account i» compi 
cliionidt", .icu] ui 



appearance of being the cditor'i 
count pf It)! own labotjrs. 
A' ■ nrlcs 




Vt», 



..UOAot 



REVtKw.—lioIton's Sketches of Churchct. 



:" ""^ 'illc author tcnni"quip- 

^Aciosancto sabbato in 

u la J", iM ^ V '.'slcn* 

' A most holy Stbbatb on the eve of 

-r- : . .1 1 J, marks 

I liapel- 

_. _ ...ark the 

■ sr, fTen to this day 

n ('ommiinimnt* 

' hurch of St. 

'ir, from con- 

" ' ,'C prc- 

!! their 

iiaiist U 

ia the 

iiition of 

me, 

nn Aaahi liiit that Whit- 

' ■ ■ , M well 

r when 

. c -artcd to 

rlhin it at no 

' '. the bnriil of 

i«. The grt-ni lettivala of the 

jinr in the Tniddlo ages to have 

bc'.n cuiiKidorril bjr the English as pe- 

calurlr (lupirioiu for the lolemniza. 

tioo of marriage*. At thc«e sracons then, 

froB eooexuring causes, the long-drawn 

DB proeeaiions of the priests and 

would be chiclly seen, and then 

! accuttouied oblaliona of the latter 

> l6e mother church of Saint Bees would 

r ihtcharged." 



fthtlcliff of Chiirchci, villi tlwrt li( 
icriptiont. liu H. E. Reiton. Pa\ 
If. 4/0, 

THE concluding portion of the 
work which we noticed in our M«y 
number, p. i06. We will state, as 
before, the contents : — 

Bfrlc/oril, CO. Glovcrstrr. — A Noi 
man building, with a tower between 
the nave and the chance], and indica' 
fions of there having been trausepta 
The upper stories of the tower are of 
the Perpendicular style, and the whole 
was formerly surmounted by a spire, 
which was taken down in 1622. 

The western arch of the tower (ii 
the interior) is JVormnn, with iig-za| 
mouldings ; and on its northern co 
lumn are two naasks, between which 
is a Sagittarius, the presumed badge of 
king Stephen, and the occurrence of 
which has induced late writers (we 
should like to ascertain with what 
reason,) to assign the buildings ia 
which it is found lo his reign. 

The south door, sheltered by 
porch, is handsomely carved wi 
cable and zig-zag mouldings, an< 
forms the subject of another of Mr. 
Helton's plates. Above the door 
way i* a very rude bas-reli?f< whicl 



i- 
>. 

at 
le 

h 1 
jf 

3f 
re 

lat 




BiTkii! alone, mu't hnvc remained 
• 'o. Uut, from hav- 
-ign better rcprc- 
in 111', like situation, we are sa- 
that its prototype was the holy 
■ •' ' "^.asts used as 



avr.' 




The •• hu- 

■ beyond the 

has there- 

' !> ^ery in- 

•-■ is rc- 

inhling 



a pigeon ; the lion and bull are tt 
least four-footed creatures. 

Over a door in the north wall, noK 
closed up, is a second bas-rellcf fron 
the same lude hand. It evidently reJ 
present) the descent of Cl^ri^t into' 
hell, to rescue the tpirits of the re- 
deemed. 

Swynrovibe, en. Oxford. — A small 
Norman structute, without tower, ani] 
with a ciicular apse for its chancel. 

llorton, to. Ol'iuc. — A sntll b« 

•— — -- 



S6 



RKriEW. — Green's Grammar of the New Testament. t3v\y. 




SCDLFTDRE AT BEOSrOKO OBCHCU, CO. OLOCC. 



akndsome edifice in Uie eatly Perpen- 
dicular style. 

Torticorl/i, co. Glouc. — Of moderate 
preteDsions, t>oth for age and charac - 
ter, consisting of two portions, nearly 
timilar in form, and a tower of slen- 
der proportions. 

ChMrey.co. Berki. — A largechurcti, 
more remarkable for its monuments 
than its architecture. Mr. Helton 
gives three plates from its numerous 
sepulchral brasses, and one of a 
"monument" in the chancel, which 
ite take to have been the Holy Se- 
pulchre. 

KembU, WiltthiTK. — An interesting 
itructure, with a large tower, ori- 
ginally of handsome early-Kngli»h, 
but its windows are now altered, and 
surmounted by a spire. The south 
porch, built by William abbat of 
Malmesbury about 1280, has very 
deep mouldiogk. and the columns at 
its sides (as shown in a second plate) 
arc much out of the perpendicular. 
"There is no appearance of the nrcli 
having given way from settlement, 
but it is dillicult to suppose it wa? 
built so from design." 

This Part contains also a plate of 
two brasMS in Wantage church, 
Berkshire; and in the fruntiepiecr, 
beside» the view of Beckfurd church, 
»»♦ fieurrd tlir fnn(« «• Ovfrhurv. 

W.-^r - ' 

«< 
tOmO ,.j II, ly tfjHIIlhlv :j Jllir] lOOO- 

at Breriou, H'orc.; cArriilgg of 



rood-Ion at Hankerton, Witts ( tn'3 
brasses at East Hendred. 



A TVfotUt on tht Grammar qf tht Netc 

Vntament DiaUct. By the Rev. T. 

S. Green, M.J. 8i'o. pp. xii. 333. 

THIS work is stated to have been 
undertaken at the suggestion and re- 
quest of the late Hugh James Rose, 
the editor of Middlcton on the Greek 
Article, and this circumstance, which 
carries with it his testimony to Mr. 
Green's ability for the task, is no little 
recommendation of the volume itself. 

It is only of late years that the pe> 
culiarities of the Greek language have 
excited general attention, in connec- 
tion with the New Testament. How- 
ever, they arc important enough to 
deserve it, and to mention only one, 
namely, the article, is suOicient. And 
this is a reason for close and serious 
study of the Greek text. a» other lan- 
,...,.._. -■'innt always reflect those pe- 
the Latin for instance, 

no aiticic r.n = .i-,,in„ ir. t^e 

Greek. Hence, c i« 

sometimes necessary I : , . n, 
though indeed in popular version* it 
must lie fourinclv rcSMrlrd to. 

Ml \ 

of til. 

featuio {>i tli<: uomiiton r 

►tuple f>l' which w»» of .A 



fusion of ' 



1843.3 Rbtiew. — Green's Grammar of thf New Tetlamciil. 



(t» rnurtt of the Scleucidc and the 
r the BcbouU of A^lexanUria 
IS, of the cilurated Roman, 
n( pliila, Polybius, Plolarch, Origm, 
Ciry»o»tOHl." (l*- •'") "e keeps the 
fact in Tiew. at the same time, that 
<Mr (irrarheii of the Gospel came to 
■':bo(d with a native idiom, 
■. e a culouritig to their writ- 
be object of oar author it Dot to 
•lltv a diffweoce between the craDge- 
lini and the classical writers, but the 
Jence of certain peculiarities in 
' inp of both. Thus he restores 
([e of the New Testameut to 
litioo in lexicography and 
from which it has some- 
been unjustly debarred. Mis 
Inethod is, iu treating of parts of 
»pt*ch. or their divisions, to begin 
rith instances from classical writers, 
Pand to subjoin others from the New 
I Testament. 

A few instances of these pccniiari- 
ItJea will best show the nature of Mr. 
fOrecn's work, and the utility of con- 
^ducting theological studies on cKtea- 
! principles of grammar. 
".11. The present tense is, " by a 
^satural process, employed to ex- 
4 futurity which is viewed as 
fated . " H e refers to Sophoc . 
ete», 113,_ 
I ri^ Tovra ttjk Tpoi'av it6va. 
among other Instances to Matt. 
i. '"■*, firra rptit rjfitpai lytipofuii. 
' carry this principle further, 
' Id Testament, for instance. 
liiv. Jl, where the future dc- 
tion of the temple, being spoken 
(present, has induced the Neolo- 
to regard that portion of the 
: •• of later date than the prcccd- 
At p. 17 is a note on Jude 14, 
tudent's attention. Mr. 
the vulgatc rendering 
iig iTtpi ToiTav, instead 
actual text, and there- 
in •«<; [ti- 11 lire, as wrong. 
P. 21. H«-b. xi. 17. " The per- 
Y'"' expresses Abraham'^ 
Uon of his Bnn to the 
-jd — his mrolal. though 
sat, offering uf hiin : but 
' wa« in the act of sacri- 
hln,' when stopped by divine 
sUion." 
"45. Matt. wtr. U—30. Tilt UO- 
e/t:tT. Mao. Vou XX. 



profitable servant la deacribed as u 
Sf TtiXiuTDv tiXrj<piiir, while each of the 
otlicr§ as o Xd^uf, (because the 
foiiiicr had only received the money, 
and not employed it) ; " perhaps no 
instance of the use of a tense drawn 
from classical writers could surpass 
this ia delicate propriety uf uprei- 
sioD." 

At p. 73. Mr. Green thinks that 
it'dq has been unnecessarily substi- 
tuted for iaBiai by Oriesbacb. on ac- 
count of correspondence with other 
instances. 

P. 79. 2 Cor. xi. 16. " This nse 
of K&v, without regard to the legiti- 
mate force of Hv, merely to signify 'at 
least,' is not peculiar to the New 
Testament, but is a mark of the later 
Greek." 

At p. 106, after specifying some 
anomalies in assigning a transitive 
signification to neuter verbs, and n 
neuter or reflective one to transitives, 
he say*!, "These arc here noticed f( 
the sake of remarking that they contaii 
no gross violation of usage arisi 
from ignorance, being no more th: 
occurs iu native writers, and at the 
same time are such as would be 
avoided by the careful timidity of con- 
scious insecurity in the use of a lan- 
guage." 

We had almost overlooked a remark 
at p. 100, on the practice of using the 
infinitive in the sense of the impera- 
tive, e. g. Luke ix. 3. Kom. xii. 16. 
"If, as appears to be the case, the 
infinitive is thus used by correct 
writers only where a tone of impon 
ance, anllicrity, or solemnity is aS' 
sumed, particularly in aphorisms am 
the language of legislation, it will a[ 
pear that it is introduced in these 
texts with perfect propriety." 

At p. 121, he observes,' "On the 
decline of a language from the art- 
less vigour of its classical period, 
there mccceds, at least in rhe- 
torical writings, an affectation of 
nicely balanced clauses, and a styli 
marked bv point and antithesis . . 
The poiniednefs of the New Testa, 
merit arises inilccd from a different' 
source, that is. it is real, not studied, 
but in both cases a similar phenome- 
non i5 produced with respect to the 
negatives." 

That potlion ot \\ve \»otV. VVvNOfc 



I B 

i 

he~ 



ts 



Mltcellaneoui Review. 



[July, 



treats of \be article occapies fully a 
handred pagci. 

In the chapter on the grammatical 
coostroctioa of sentences, a distinct 
notice it assigned to the style of the 
Apocalypse, which Mr. Green is in- 
clined to class apart from the other 
boolu. 



The citations which we have made 
are, we tru^l, sufficient to give thel 
reader a distinct idea of the whola 
work. To the evangelical student It 
will prove highly serviceable, wliilel 
the number of refeiencet. which ng 
contains will give it a value also to-f 
the classical one. 



I 



ffarymt; or, Iht Advenluret qf a 
Man nf pBihion. iJy Mrs. Trollope. 3 
volt — We earnestly hope few niea of 
fashion resemble tlie hero of this tale, and 
w© tru»! sod believe very few do, cer- 
tainly at letut in our own couolnr. Ad- 
miring Mrs. Trollope's talvutu which are 
displayed in the volumes before its as 
rourh as in her other productionn, we slill 
think she has been very unfoitunnte in 
her crinception of the plot of this novel. 
Har^ravp, indeed, is a cbnraeteraltogi'lhcr 
improbable; it is iiuposiible to conceit c 
that any person in the station and with 
the education of this individual could have 
committed the otTcnccs and crimes of 
which he is represented to have been 
guilty. We are sorry to see in tbe lite- 
rature of our own country any approach 
to that school of fiction in which the 
French have unhappily made themselves 
so prominent ; one of tbe distinguishing 
marks of which is, the imagining circum- 
stances as incidents in tbe stories they 
produce, which ought only to find a place 
in the Newgate Calendar, or some other 
unhappy and revolting record of crime. 



Tht Fahe Heir. A Tale, fly G. P. R. 
James, etq. 8ro. .3 toh. — Mr. James is a 
most prolific writer. He almost rivals 
Sir Walter Scott in that particular ; in- 
deed, in many other particulars, as well, 
we know no writer of the present day 
who approaches so much to that great 
I and surpassing master in the school of 
[tictiou. Tbe tale before us is nnn nf 
inu< li i.d abounds' 

situn with no 

We V , iiliclcss, tb I 

had rboscn a diUVrent pcri<<. 
of action. The times imn,' 
I ceding the first French revoluUuu aic 
[better suited to tbe historian than the 
Ivovelisl. There wen. !,? 

Idrfrrts and, perhaps, i. 

"pp" -I l'>i...... n 



are quite sure, indeed, that an sutho 
who, to judge from the general tenor i 
his woiks, thinks so rightly on moat tub*] 
jrct> of importance, will never err ioten*] 
tionally in the particulars which we baTtl 
pointed nut. 



LelltTK fi-om Madron. By a LadfA 
8ro. — Those who wish for a gnnd snlJ 
evidently a genuine araiunt of the maa«-i 
ncrs and fnciety of India, including notn 
oidy the European portion of the in» 
habitants, but the native population alsO|J 
will find much to ama<e them in thcsi 
letters, which are written in a very lively I 
style, with a slight doth of satirical ob 
srrvation, which, although, perhaps, a^;] 
well omitted, certainly docs out dimioisb 
tbe entertainment to be derived from tfa0.j 
volume. 



The Norritian Prite Kuay. By J.] 
J. Harrison, jl.Af.— The subject, thati 
"both in the Old and New Testamentaj 
eternal life Is offered to mankind through 
Jesus Christ only." A Icsined, compre- 
heiuive, and satisfactory essay. 



Letter to Lord De Grey o« the Jmt, . 
Uvrnltd Condition of Ireland, i;e. Bf\ 
N. W. Simpson — In this wrll-wriltea I 
pamphlet Mr. Simpson shows the im« 
provcment in nnn. nliurr nnd con««« 
queutly in ' on, of th«| 

people of lr< ' niivstat«> 

mente . '.<• r«»J 

movrt. t inta_4 

I. 



uiuiiiaU lu letcrence to ' 
Estates, and Minutes of ' 
.State of Crime in Ireland. 



■Ik, ;>,./.. r.1 II . 



ablic at the (irrnrut day : 
Soc thff author in the worli 



VI-IJCS »J'J"-Uji.iI. 



fiscfllaneouf tteviem. 



»l Addrrit to (At Limerick 
WhUfland Lit. Sodeti/. lit/ Sir Antirpy 
4* VaK.— A jadicioiis and animated dis- 
pointing oat the objeiU of cu- 
■(mUj ill iialure and art tbat ebould be 
' for tlie museum, and mrntioo- 
! iUantriotu men who are natires of 
(of Limmck. 



■• '" iAt Clergy o/BritM. Bjf 
Tboi' B.D. Aichdeaeon of 

Brut .itit of tills cliai'ge ou Uo- 

dnuUitu Muiiagra is well worthy of at- 



Tki iliratnlout Etcape nf Don Fernan- 
dtl d* Aleenirra from the Pritont of the 
/■fsMffOfi. Ife, Trnntlated by Rev. R. 
yfilktr. — A Tciled atuck on tiie Oxford 
TViotogy. 



ntProi rt Ediln, eiimmontj/ 

mmrUtdIo rtitm. Tmmtaled 

from the oiu :.;,... By (i. W. Unscnl. 
A auioui and ioti^rrstiiii; nddition to the 
gtj aupjily of Northern liltraturc 
llip author appears well ac> 
I with hi> tiibjcct, and ire hope he 
oar dilJB^tly in a field too much 
hitherto, and ret most interest- 
caonected with the early history, 
I rcUgioa, and cuperstiiion of Kurope. 

Xo»» Letter) a/ Mre, Pioitl to W. ji. 
tJomer»y. — Cunfegsions of a lady in her 




MrtUeal Jtefleclioni on the H'aler Cure. 
By Jamei Freeman, U.D.— Uif(U\y in 
farour of the hydto-curativc syntem. 

Charpr delivered at the Vitilalion of 

I -neonry iif Surry, fly S. WiU 

^!.A. — A compnsilion of tern- 

h sound 

I'D the 

»hetlicr 

■in tile lact part to " linnkcriiig 

borrupticins of the fuith whieh 

tftwrn the pa|i*c:y itadf " wai luilled 

" I such tobint!! hnri hriler rithrr be 

\tb "iv whirh 

ry ricw 



ftiko m^ire iii tbc iitshupa pro- 
lltian the ArchdeacoD'a. 



Aetotfo, a Dramalie B/Dtnante. — The 



of Ilia drama. Let him try a itibject id- 
mitting a greater variety of feeling, and 
tboDgbti and matter* more allied to com- 
mon humanity. 

Tvio Sermone preached in SI. Jamet't 
(.hureh, Enfield Highway. By Rer. J. 
Russell and Rev. T. burton.— Two io 
tcre»tingdiicour«ci relating to the reguh 
lion of cUurch-serrioes, under the aa> 
Ihority of the rabric and the bishop. 



The Churrh mutt epeak out — on Chmreh 
Relet. By T. Gutleridge.— The writer 
adrooites the merging the chnrch-rate ill i 
that of the poor, and collecting thea 
together, and very properly reprobatet 
Lord Althorp's proposition of abolishing 
them, and raising a sum from the Con- 
soUdated Fund to supply their place. 



dafc BOch sympathy with tiui 



Tintem, Slonehenge. ij-c. By S. Prcntis, 
A, lit. — The Dedication include! an in- 
teresting accouut of the late Mr. God- 
win. The poems are respectable. 

Lecturet on the Sympalhiet, Suffering; 
and Renrreclion qf CAritl. By the Rev. 

H. McNeill. 184;l The Second Lectura ^ 

in this volume on the Sufferings of Christ,] 
a» connected with Judas Iscariot, rrilll 
affords favourable specimen of the author'jJ 
ac-cpisintance with his subject, and of hil 
manner of treating it; so as at once Ufi 
instnict his hearers, and influence theiT^ 
feelings. 

lecture Sermone. By William Nind, 
M..1. — We beg to recommend in this 
volume the Sermons on ••TheDi(ficultie» 
of the Gospel no Offence ;" and the on 
on " The Sin against the Holy Ghost,"! 
to particular attention ; bat, indeed, thel 
whole volume consists of discourses which 
could not be listened to without profit.' 
Thry ate written in a style plain withou 
vulgarity, and the subjects of each dis-J 
course being, as it were, leading ones, tha^ 
is, arguments for eipositioo of important 
doctrines, they can scarcely be perused 
without leaving behind a serious im- 
prrssiun of their value. .As regards such 
vnlumm as these, we only feel regret tha' 

■' 'In JH»tice to the author bfj 

r il is not in short or tnsu« 

- s that their merits is 

be sliunii i but we can recommend tha 

volume— and then those who trust in Ul|i 

will read it throughout. 

'■■day lO-ttdinyt for the F- -'■ 

fly J. N. Pearson, n 

of this work i« to pro\ i t 

Bsrnce for over/ Siuuky ia tfao joir, 



^iKeUaneoHt Rtvkuis. 



[July. 



dail 
low 



consulting of a portion of the Bible — the 
illaitration — a prayer suitable tu the 
aubjecC, — and a hymn ; the whole service 
occupjing about 10 niinutet ; bnt, while 
tliis is the principal intentioa of the book, 
the author observes, that he also aimed at 
producing a volume that mnyalTord ciiifi- 
cation to the humble and piou.« in their 
daily devotiont. We think he hus euc- 
isfully accomplished hit design, and 
oduced a volume that may be read by 
ic educated, and trhich at the Mmc time 
might be a scrriceable manual to the 
lower classes. 



Herbert Trftham ; a tale qf thr Great 

ebellion. By the Her. J. R. Ncalc.— 

pleasing little tnlc, agreeably written, 

obably suggested to the author when he 

I reading " Walker's Sufferings of the 

:iergy." 



Ml' 

HCler 

[ 7\rael», (rof. Hi.) on Chrhtian Deeo- 

' lion UHij Grace. — This volume consists of 

twenty different tracts, so written as to 

bring forward the subjects proposed in 

a clear and lucid mnnner. We like both 

,the selection of the subjects and the 

j)irit in which they ure treated. It ends 

Irtth au interesting piece of biography, 

lie life of the Rev. John Bold, Curate 

Stoney-Stanton, co. Leicester, In the 

liocesc of Lincoln. 



Atariasiut for the I'ounff. 1842. —An 
Sceeditigly pleasing little volume ; so 
Irrangcd nnd diversified with poetry and 
Itlle rigacttes, and sketches of naturul 
^btory, as will engage the attention of 
young |)ersons. and insensibly diffuse its 
instruction into their niindt. 



Father'! Letter* to hit .Sow on Con- 
tnnatioti. By i. E. Tyler, Heetnr vf St. 
Gilet'f, — This excellent little volume is 
affectionately dedicated to the Bishop of 
~ ondon. It is written in the most earnest 

pint of Christian kindncst, and contains 

cry Taloablc iuatructinn. 



system of another, under particular cir- 
cumstances, cxpLi'icnce doec not permit 
us to doubt. But the subject is one of 
difliculty, as it is uncertain in its effects, 
OS it has been associated with quackery 
and imposture, as it has lieen admitted by 
one part of the profession, and denied and 
ridiculed by the other. Will it be of anv 
practical use in the " Ars Medicin«, ' 
the " Ars Sanatrijs >" — is tlie imporUnt 
question, and that is still undecided. 

Poems relating to the I'reient Slate 
nnd Protiiretf if the Church, By the 
Rev. N. Clarke, ilit. — These poems are 
written with much elegance of rompost- 
tion, and with poetical feeling, and aro 
deserving of a larger notice than we can 
give them. We must extract, however, 
one sonnet (p. 17), as a specimen of the 
author's feelings on religious subjects, as 
contrasted with those of our immortal 
poet — the author of Paradise Lost. 

SONKET. 

Rl tu Unite I 

On these words of Worilsnonh, 

We must Iw free or ilie, who speak the tongue 

That Sliak-xpcre :<|ioke,— llic /aUh and morali 

hold 
VVliirli Millon held.— Vol. ill. p. 190. 
'• O Wonlswoi 111, Worilswortli, hast thou fell 
the spell, CI'unirT 

Tiiou luu, which o'er this land no lonir lias 

f)f «t:,, ...•. f..,L .!,_ , ....,1 .. v; ,.. rnng 

1,M i|... 

11 .icll. 

Hi> wa> ihi- |N-ii, Aiitl hit. \Uk liAiiCi^ litriirue, 
AVhich toiled «" lianl to Jusllf> Ihc wrone 
When martyred Cliarles iiiwu the scaffold felt. 
Ili.i WOK tlie hand which shook l]ie nurrioge 

bond, 
And strove, with Ann*, to wuliilraw the taya 
TTlsl rirrlp*ii»' Rwle^tmrr'^ Ihronp on high, 
C»' ' ji ricfond— 

■11, .,_ 

Ni, ; ;. ....■ •• 

1!>I3. 



Sinr: .'-'•■' ■■ ' ,, 

.)., I, 

-Th. 
be Ar 
ten .11 
nong IhotL- very ustl^ul Iillli: ttorku 
^liich the Church Is, In her love and rare, 
Btting forth for tjir Inatrnctiun of her 
outbful iiiemtieni. 



,/fiimif/ 

I 



The Emigrant'* Handbvok if t'oct: 
Uy S. Butler. — A very useful nnd com. 
plete little work. 



to •■ til: 
wilh iriil 



compiled 



<:heitcT, BCir New i 



1848.3 



Fine Arts 



«I 



7'** Af'alm-e and Beiufitt of Holy 
B^)ltnH. Rji Kriuicis liarilncr. .4. HI. — 
A moil excellent little tteutiiie, contain. 
iog lo s ^mall compnss a luBsterly view 
«>f tlie inipf.irtant subject, and a considera- 
(1 liectJODi usually urged againtt 

r: io Vaptisia. 



Etiflaud and htr Inttrett. liy John 
Wbile. — " The Times, and the Goveru- 
meut, aud the Aiiti-Corn Lav League 
considered. " 



W*/<» SrWeritf. PofyffhNo. The Proptr 

iy.< 'nil from Me Scrijituret 

irni ; together vith the 

■»/,v,. .,/ .... i,,„;,i 0/ Ptnlm*. in Hebrew, 
(ireti, lAitin, and Bnglinh. — Tliis ia lioth 
an imeful and elegant addition to the 
|mtili<:aliDD!i of Messrs. Bagstcr. " To 
print in a form equally commodious, the 
whole of the Scriptures," objerves the 
Editor. •' would have been too extensive 
■n undertaking to be useful out of a 
library." The propir lessons, there- 
fore, bare been selected : and, while the 
'Volume may vie in typographical beauty 
Hitli Uie most eipensitc productions of 
the Enf;lish press, its ]irice renders it 
•Kcnsible lo the less wealthy cler^, to 
whom the stapendoiiK and costly Poly- 
glots are unattainable. 



py. MX. 11.-. — A oinory of the Russian 
CUnrcli, by a native writer, cannot but be 
valuable, considering that most accounts 
which we possess of it are imperfect and 
unauthentic, though, in saying this, of 
course we except the works of Messrs. 
King and Pinkerton. T^is history is well 
written, and has informed us on various 
points. The translator has appended a 
great number of notes, which wonid how- 
ever have been more seniccable at the 
foot of the page referred to, than in the 
form of an appendix. He has caught 
something of the spirit of the Tractarian 
movement, and his attempt to make the 
Anglican and Russian churchea harmo- 
nine ia carried much too far. It is of 
little use to show to what extent divines 
of the Church of England have entertained 
sentiments which are really at Tariance 
with her formularies. 



4 Htrtory of the C/mrrh of liHSnu. 
Bf K* N. Monmvicff, (hitytain tu fti» 
fmpftial Mojetty, TYarvilattd hy the 
Ren. R, W. Blackmore, Chnylatn in 
Oronttadt lo the Runian OmpaMy, Kro. 



The Study of Botany, (New Library 
of Vteful Knowledge).— \ useful little 
work. 

The llritith and Foreign Trareller't 
Guide furnishes in a compendious form a 
complete directory fur the traveller at 
home and abroad, comprising tables of all 
the railways in Great Britain, times and 
fares of the steamers from every port, an 
index of 1100 towns, with the steam, 
railway, and coach conveyance to eadi ; 
and many nseful particulars respecting the 
continental railways, foreign steamers, 
&C. &c. Corrected editions are to appear 
monthly. 



FINE ARTS. 



nOTAI. COUUISSIOK OF I'lNI! ARTS. 

Ilcr Majesty's Commis^^ioners have 
Ismeil notices for three further comptti- 
titius for works of art required for the 
deeorslion of the New Palace at Wcst- 
miutter. 

1 . For Tirioni Statues In bronze and in 
marble, of British Sovereigns aud il- 
lostrious personages. .Models are to be 
f«Dl in the course uf the lirst week in 
Janr, tt$44, to n place of exhibition herc- 
■f»/-r t<i tie flppoiiiied. The specimen, or 
t] • two in immber, 

t' f. m«y be either 

- -1 ..-J fiom 
II five 

T. , . The 

wtirks may be ideal or portrait statues, 
or groupt. but not rilivri. The auhjecis 
•; ■' ehoicc of tliv nrli«l,<. Tlie 

v tu be sach u art commonly 



1- 



used for roodell and casts. The di- 
mensions are to be on the scale of an 
erect human figure not less than three nor 
more than six feet. 2. Artists are invited 
to send specimens of Stained Glass, to ho 
sent in the course of the first week in 
March, 1814. The specimens are required 
to be designed in general accordance with 
the style of architecture and decoration 
adopted in the New Palace. Outlines in 
lithography, showing the dimensions of 
the windows, may be obtained at the 
Architect's offices in New Palace Yard. 
Each exhibitor is required to send one 
and not more than two coloured designs 
for an enlire window, drawn to the scale 
adopted In the outline, viz. two inches to 
n foot ; and one specimen of stained gUsi, 
not exceeding sU feet in the longest 
dimension, representing a part of such 
design in the full propoTtiQa. ^mjc>x 



d 



Lilvary and Scienlijie Intelligence. 



[July. 



i 



cimen of ttaiucd |;lus to be glued np 
Iriid, nnil framed in wood. The objects 
rming Ibe detAilt of decoratioa may be 
:ther figures or bcrnUlic derices relating 
tbe RojiU Familicii of England, or ■ 
ion of the two, and may be accompanied 
borderi, diapered groundt, legends, 
d tiinilar enrichments. ,'. For Carved 
ork in woiid, required for varioiii parts 
tbe New Palace, and in the first instance 
the doors of the House of I.>ords. 
lecimeiu are to be gent in tbe course of 
the first week in March, 1844. to be de- 
ligned in general accordance witli tbe 
ityle of decoration adopted in tbe New 
Palace. Outlines in lithography, showing 
e dimensions of the principal door of 
e House of Lords, may be obtained at 
Architect's offices. Each exhibitor is 
,uired to send one and not more than 
o designs for an entire door, drawn to 
e scale adopted in the outline, Tiz. two 



inches to a foot ; and one carved panel , 
or part of a panel and frame-work, not 
exceeding four feet in the longest di 
mention, rrpri-seoting a part of such de- 
sign in the full proportion. The objects 
forming the details of decoration, in con* 
formity with the conditions above ex- 
pressed, are left to the choice of eadi 
artist. The material of tbecarrod spednwil 
is to be oak. 

Each invitation is confined to British 
artists, including foreigners who may have 
resided ten years or upwards in tbe 
United tungdom. 

Ou the Queen's birth-day. Prince 
.VIbert presented to Her Majesty twelve 
gilt bronze figures, copies (in miniature) 
of the twelve colossal statues in the 
Throne-room of the Palace at Munich, 
made for the Prince by the Sculptor 
Schwanthaler. 



LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLl (3 ENCE. 



■H%-9 PUBLICATIONS. 



II Hitlory and Bioj/raphy. 

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Hk.vcagf. Jkssi., Author of " Memoirs 
V the Court of England during the Reign 
pthe Stuarts," fee. '.' vols. J8«. 
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Times. By R. R. MAiuirs, M.D. With 

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ios. 2 vols, crown 8vo. '21*. 

Justin Martyr, his Life, Writings, and 

inions. By IheRev.t'HARLasStMiRCH, 

Ttebniti;, Silesia. Translated from tbe 

, with thr Author's concurrence, 

. RvLAND. 'J vols. fcp. I5(t. 



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History of tbe Congreis ; eihibltio; a 
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ury, 



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I ii$eauBi is hi* WorVf . Edited 
'H. Burton. AdTocatc. 8to. 9». 
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(» of Evil, M KcintelTcs 

is lb«M Uat tinica v.< ,, Philoso- 

pkj, (Dd Politica. ay i>. R. Bosa.n- 
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M Gold and Silver Coina of ali 

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PtUKKr.rr, R.N. 8yo. I*. 

A Woril for Ihc Poor, and a^Q«t the 
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E<>yp' ntiit tlir Hilly I..aiiil in 1843: 
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A ■■ ■■■u: of the 

Cli oouoem. 

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Ri 3». Cd. 

L'. Uf til.- 

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Bombnv, at th' I' 

Vi'i 



' «H.<. Wiih liliutralious liy 
Us. 



•J 



.Vw PiihlicalioHf. 



..I n,.^iitni,,,,, ;,. the Mnnufuc- 

turi I ml. Dy (lie 

LoK Hro. (id. 

S>«uu(iu iiu Uic- Uilcrtorj, prcnclied in 

Ithr I'trlah Cbuxcb of Kclvedon Hatck, 

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I44.4. By the Rev. Jamei Barrv, 

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The La«r of the Cominoii Prayer of 
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Hknry Kail Bonnky, .Archdeacon of 
BeKlford. i».To. S*. 
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■ i.ib. I8mo. 'Is. 

C' ii>ion : a Discourse of St. 

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I into English, nith an 

Origin*! Greek Text. By 

CHKUroriiiiH WuRPtiWOBril, D.I). 

Hr*d \fafiter of Harrow School: to which 

■id in Harrow 

r the Incorpo- 

„ , .„. L I,. . and ChnpeU. 

]«mo. sewed. !<■ 

Simjdicity Corrupted : a ScnnoD, 

I aibawing lliut tbe Simplicity of the Truth 

I it corrupted by I'opciy and Tractarian- 

I inn. A Sennon, liy the Rev. George 

Alvert Rookrs, M.A., of Trinity Coll. 

Cam*" '• ■ 1», 

T of Vougha! compared 

•nil • m pf the Tyrol : .\ Let- 

ter to ibe Rijht Hon. the Earl of .Shrews- 
jliury. \\i the Rev. John .\ldworth, 
Mjh:' ": limo. \'. 

■J' iiirch Mililaol 

and .u, ■„.(..,■,,,.,.. iM) to the Qnar- 
t«rIyRe»iew, No. 14.1. S\'o. U. 

Tbt Bishop of Exeter' a Combat with 
Tr»ct W. including Strictures, Sic. on 
Toriotts Mhcr part* of hii Lordship's 
Cbar(e to his Clergy for the year 1812. 
By Ci.iRicrs Danmoniensis. 8to. l». 
1 ,,- •■ ■' " i - ■ '^ -non. By 

I Uir ' ■ M A- 

'Hi, 

to Kuler* in 

' thir Power of the 

liurch Eiteti- 

on May !>!. 

|FM. .>! ^'3. 4 01.. ..\i\. 



184.1. By thp Veu. William Halb 
Hale, M.A. Archdeacon of London. 
Hvo. I*. 

Obedience to the Articles and Rubrics 
of the Church of England a Bond of 
Union helwcen the Established Church : 
a Sermon preached ut Beoclcs, May 3, 
lH4,t, nt the VisitotioD of the Ven. Arch- 
dcafon of Suft'olk. By Rev. Kdwin P. 
DrNNi*. B.C.L. Rector of Oulton. 8ro. 
U. 

National Edacatioa : a Sermon preach- 
ed in tbe Church of St. Leonard's on the 
Sea. By the Rev. .Iamks Mvbray, 
M.A. elvo, 9rf. 

Lme. 

Comaicnlarics on tbe Law of Bills of 
Exchange, Foreign and Inland, as ad- 
ministered in England and America ; with 
Occasional Illustrations from the Com- 
mercial L.UW of the Nations of Continen 
Europe. By Jo&kpu Story, LL.D 
one of the Justices of the Supreme Court 
of the United Sutes. 8vo. H. 8». 

The Law of Shipping as it relates to the 
Building, Registry, Sale, Transfer, and 
Mortgage of British Ships, including the 
Registry and Trading of Ships built in 
India ; with an .\ppcndix of Statutes, Slc. 
By J. J. WiLKissoN, Esq. 8»o. 15*. 

The Judgments of the Consistory Court 
of London, Court of Queen's Bench, 
Court of Exchequer Chamber, and the 
Arches Court of Canterbury, in the Brain- 
tree Church Rate Case. By Cijthrert 
W. JotiNSOK, Esq. of Gray's Inn, one of 
the Council in the Canse. iJvo. it. 6rf. 

Mediant. 

Medical History of the Expedition to 
the Niger during the years 1841-2. By 
Jamls Ormi^ton M'William, M.D. 
Surgeon of I'.M.S. .\lbert, and Senior 
Medical Officer to the Expedition. With 
plateo, 8vo. Uu. 

Mens Coq>oris : a Treatise on the Ope- 
rations of the Mind in Sleep. By Fov». 
T.vis Hastings Elwin, Esq. of Lin- 
coin's Inn. Crown Hvo. 10». 

Essays on Partial Derangement of the 
Mind in supposed connexion with Reli- 
gion. By tbe late John Chetnk, 
"M.D., F.R.S.E., .M.R.I.A. Pliysician. 
Geii. in Ireland, gic. &c. With a Port 
and Autobiographical Sketch of the Au- 
thor, crown I've. 7». firf- 

Practical Treatise on the Diseases of 
the Testis, and of the Spermatic Cord 
and Scrntuui : with Illustrations. By 
T. B. Ci'ntiNO. Lecturer nn .Surgery, 
and Aa«»t»nt Surgeon to the Loodou 
Hospital, fiv. 8vo. \9*. 

Practical Treatise on the Dbeiaea p«- 
K 



irt^^ 



NR, I 

an<,^^H 



New Publications!. 



[July, 



culinr to Women. By Sami-sl Ashweli., 
M.D. Piirt'^ — Organic DisMBes. Hvo ««. 

Clinical Rrmarks on cerlaiti Ditrxci) 
of tbe £}'«, and on misceUaoeous ijuti- 
jectt, Mrdical and SarKical : including 
Gout, Rheumatism, Fistula, ('ancer, 
Hernia, ImMgesiion, &c. &c. By JoRN 
Charlea Hai.l, M.D. of East Retford. 
Bto. 7>. 

Mental Hygienes or, an Exomination 
of tbe Intellect anil Passioni. By Wil- 
liam Smekton, M.D. l3mo. 1». 

Some Account of Cretinism, and the 
Institution for its Cure on the Abend- 
berg, near Interlicheo, in Switzerland. 
By William Twining, M.D. Inte of 
Baliol College, Oiford. I'imo. ^t. 

Medi<'o-l^gaI Rellectioos on the Trial 
of Daniel M'Naughieu for the Murder of 
I Mr. Drumwoiid ; with llemarkx on the 
IditTerenl Formpt of Insanity, and the Ir- 
I respunsihilily of the Insane, by Oeorgk 
IDavey. M.D. Hvo. U. C,d. 

Ticaii»e on the Denial Art, fonndsd on 
actual Experience. Illustrated by £41 
figurea in Lithography, and j4 Woodcuts. 
By F. Maubt, Dentiit of the Royal Po- 
lytechnic School, Paris. 8vo. \5t. 

The Physiology of the Teeth and Gums. 
[By Joseph Snapi, Surgeon Dentist. 
12rao. li.ed. 

An Essay on Spontancout Combualion, 

read at the Brigbtoa Literary and Scien- 

I tiAc I nsti lution, iG Sept. 1 842. By J H N 

Irish Medical Directory for 1843 ; con- 
taining Notices of the Litrraryand .Scien- 
tific Inetitu'ions of Ireland ; nith Notes, 
Historical, Biographical, and Bibliograph- 
ical. By H. Ckolt. Itimo. ^', 

Science and Arts, 

Reports of the First, Second, and 

[Third Meetings of the A»«ociiitina of 

American lieologitts and Nnturalislt at 

I Philadelphia in 1840 and l<«41, and at 

Boston in 1*45, embrscinj; its Pioi*»d- 

ings and T- ti. 

Proocciii Ipctrioal 

Society duinm .iir .-r-r.uiT. I- a. a and 
\yAi-.i. Edited by Cuahlks Walksr, 
I Esq. Hon. Sec. Royal Kto. S1«. 

On the Nature of Thunder -storms, and 
' on the Mr»n" of Protpoting Buildings and 
•' the dcstructi»c Elfrctsof 
^ .Sxow Harris, F.R.S. 

MiH'Jiimlcal PliUnsophy, Hnrtdofy, ami 
, Aiitmnoniv. Hv W. IJ. CARi-KfiTVH, 
M.D. (I' Iiiprdia of Natural 

I Bcienc \ ■).». <?rf. 

K.-.- 
Cor 
floenr- 'M I ntjiui I f\n f'u I [It V Mii..iiiini'jn, 

ud pnotickl retaltt an Tcuipttalor* 



and Ventilation. By Edward Jukeb< 
12mo. .^*. 

The Steam Manual for the British [ 
Navy 1 being i complete Descj-iptioo of] 
the Nautical Steam Engine now in uae in 
the Steam Vessels of War in Her Ma> 
jeaty's Service. By Capt. W. J. Wil- 
liams, K..\'. I'.'mo. ':< 6<f. 

The lllu>trated llintory of Alcohol. B' 



Ivohdl. Br , 
,I,1«.6<(. 



Frkdrric R. Lkes, Ph. D. No, 

Natural History. 

Tlie History of British Birds. B« I 
William Yarrell, F.L..S., V.P.Z.8.J 
3 vols, Hro. Illustrated by n'.'O Wood! 
Engravings. 4f. 1U«. ; royal, 9/. i im> { 
pcrial, 13/. lOt. 

British Moths, and their Transforma- 
tions, arranged and illuitrBted in a Series i 
of Plates by H. N. liuMrHRKrs, Esq. s 
with Characters and Descriptions \>j i 
i. O. Westwooo, Esq. F.L S. 2 voU. 
4to. Vol. I . Sii Plates, coloured. bO$, 

The Journal of the Royal Agricultural j 
Society of England, Vol. 4, Part I. 8vo. h; 

Manual of British Bolaoy; coDtainingl 
the Flowering Plants and the Ferns, ar* 
ranged according to (he Natural Ordertaj 
By Charles C. Babingtok, M.A.tJ 
F.L.S., F.G.S., &c. Ac. l2mo. 9*. 

The Flower Garden ; containing Direc« j 
tions for the Cultivation of Flowers. With* 
out the Platrs. 7s. 

Notes on the BuUuy of tha Antarctio j 
V... ->.. .-..ri.liicied by Capt. J '' ^^ 
I - ,in H.M. Disc. 

I IVrror 1 with Obff 

the I'usuc Grass of the Fnlklaod iilauds. { 
BySiRW. J.UooKEE.K.H .Ac, Hvo. 4*. 

Treatise on the Tank ' ' com* 

municating Ueat to Hn, ~irucl« | 

tuief. By W. E. Resij. I.. . S«. 

The Elements of Fo»«il C, . li ! .t 
according to the ajrangement oi i.. mi ink ; 
with the newly-estublishcd (jonera oCj 
other Authors. By Capt. Tnoa. Browx,* 
M.P.S. limo. 5«. 

The Housekeeper's Guide to the Fish 
Market for r-: ' ■" — " -• •'■- ^—,r. and . 
an Account , 

Devon and • , <JoBu| 

merce. Economy, hiatunl Itutory, 
Statistics. By J. C. Bellamt, SorKoOa'j 
Author of " Natural History of io\K 
Devon." IKino. Is. 

Prodliotlva Forri - « 

Digest of the I 

Lirhig, DsTV. r-rlf^lin 

Writers ou ' • boa 

TflJ' hrtre !!■ i'l 

^mealed. U} Josi 



1 U': 1 I u,' • 

IUnuv Pun 1 1' 



lit of AngUnc. 

tSBO. tOt, 



■•"I' 



a 



1843.] 



New Publicationt. 



LUirttur* and Languaft. 

EtMp on Ancient Litcrntiire uid AK ; 
wHh th" " ■ ■ ' 

of Emu 

It. 

Ar- 
Vi 

v< 



■rm 

1 ._C. 

tSmo. lUt. 



the Tpit of Sohwfig. 
b.* -h Not«. Editril by 

C ' M. Tuloi in Greek 

(U i My. <i vols. Hyo. I3«. 

1 ol the Aon»l» of T«- 

dtu*. truffl ilic Text of \V«lther; with 
ezpUnttoiy Notej. 8to. St. 6rf. 

iTic Gorgiif of Plato, tl ' 
to SuUbauin'a Trxt : « 

T"'" "^'" " WnotSlM. ..;.,_. 
Gc it. HTO. S». 

lit Geor^con, Lib, 3 
f< e 'I'cxt of Foibijer, with 

Ei . iilorr Notes, &c. Sc. By 

b D. Head Muter of 

Ar ' Gramiunr School. 

Haa -... ;-.-...ii Bto. (J«. 

<#reA«7«c/ure. 

Aftgliean Chnrcli ore; with 

Mac ReinarkB on i 'I Fiirni- 

tw*. By James bM>». /iicliilect. 9d 
•dk. «>. 

riiiir.'h Ar, liWcrtiirr consiilcreil in it- 



Uti 
T- 
D. 
B> 

*i<! 



»i..' - ■'■ 

intf ' t up that 

Bit I ■ 'Icmory of il 

By faANCi>< Edwakd 
R«otor uf Klford. «io. 



of the (borch : in 

prrH to flic Downaud 

1 1 Society. 

•«e, Pre. 

Si or, Suggrs. 

:!i.,il i.f PiriOnt 

; iiiu- 

iida. 

rA(>£T| M.A. 



Fin* ^rln. 

Fritnn Sketiihca; compritiiiic Portraits 
of Ihf Cnlml Pnsonets, Mill 'its. 

By Lieut. V. ^.^K^.. L i by 

Lowes'' •-■ tjiuv-u^Mi. .l*. ; 

coloare*! 

The 11 . 'he DavoUi Family, 

OMuMered with rrfrrrnre to Poetry, 
Mmfnc. aifl I>mmiitic ElTccl. 8«o. 7». 



T 

diiciiii.' 
CaowQ 

Al", , 

El' 

Ui. 

tu^ ■ -- --- 

Wrong! Of itii' iiiurrj iiuo a i>ote to Mrs. 

fukor. Bto. U. 



• ; or. Comic 
iiily allerrd and 
no. By AbrnxD 

rr til TllOcllttS 

• Ilia, 

ii.ge, 

Arfml*, 

of the 



Mvtit. 



The National Psalmody of the Church 
of Scotland ! a collection of the most 
esteemed Pitlm and Hymn Tune.i asedin 
that Church, &c. Arranged for four 
Voicea. By J. Daniel. Oblong 4to. lOf. 



The Trustees of the British Museum 
hare become the {jurchasers of Mr. Kock'a 
Collection of Ori^anic Remains, which 
had been adrerlif^ed for sale by auction. 



FVom the Report read at the Anonal 
Meeting of the subscribers to the London 
Library, it appears that the number of 
tiers is increasing; that since March, 
., an addition of 4,WI0 rolumes bad 
... v.i made to the Library; that the re> 
ceipts of the past year amounted to 
l,768^ 10>., and the erpenditurv to 
l,53Mf, It., leaving a balance in hand of 
abont 930/. 



Mr. Webster, lessee of the Uaymarket 
Theatre, has announced his intention of 
giving ,500/. as a price for the best five-aot 
comedy, illostratire of British mannen 
and castomx. The merit of the comedy 
to be decided on the first uf January next 
by a committee formed of dramatic att> 
Ihors and critics (not competitorf) and 
actort. In addition to the 5<H)/, the snc- 
cnsuful author will be entitled to a third 
of the gross receipt* on the twentietli, 
fortieth, and sixtieth night* of represen- 
tation. 



oxroRD t;)riT(BsiTr. 

On June 14 the following (rentlcmen 
were announced as the successful randi- 
dntej for the prises for the present year : 

Latin Verbk. — Vrneliit. — Edward 
Walford, Scholar of Balliol college. 

English V,f.9Kr.— Tlte Advantajn 
and Diiadvnntagn ofihr Feudal Syitem. 
— Henry Boottiby Banj, B,A, Michel 
Scholar of Queen's college. 

LATiy Essay. — (iuanam fuerit pvbH- 
corwn tertttmtnvm ajiud Anliguot vi» tt 
utUitiit. — Ralph Robert Wheeler Lingen, 
B.A. Fellow of Balliol college. 

Ekoiisr VeRsr. — Cromwll. — Mat- 
Ihew Arnold. Schol'if of Bolliol college. 

Junt S'i. The Tlicol^gicnl Enay was 

i.,.i ,,. V). II, ...1. ..,,., B A. Demy 

incdtheLatta 
issay 1042. 

Mil. Ucriycr'i l'ii«ib luivc been awarded 
to the Rev. Oeorf;* Rnwliason, M A. 
Fellow of Exeter colJeEe, and the Rer. 
Frrdirlck Poynder, >f.A. of Wadliam 
college. 

The aubjecti o( Mri. Deoyer'i Prixe* 



Ltlciary mid Hcic/ilijic hilelligfiice. 



[July, 



brthe jrcur lU+4«rt, — " I'/mJiulijicatian 
<lf Man IttfitTf Cod onlj/ hy tht Mrritt (^f 
Jetut Chntl."—" The Dufiea qf Chritl- 

aniti/ inciimbenl on JndividuoU on Uem- 

trt of a private /atnily." 






CAMBRIDOK tKIVKBMTI. 

The Chancellor's Golil Medul for Eng- 
lish Poetry has been adjuilgrd (o >VilliiiiM 
Johnson, Scholar of King's rollcgr. — 
Subject " Plain," 
The Marquess Camden's Gold Medal 
r Latin Hexameter Verse to James Ar- 
or Vonge, Scliolsr of King's tollt-ge. — 
lubject " Defeclut Sulu earii, hunitque 
laioret." 

Sir \Villiam Browne's Gold Medals (or 
the Greek Ode, juliject.'Ai jriic^ opovrai 
EiintyiStt, to Williom (Jeorgc Clark, 
holar of Trinity college. The Latin 
de, subject " hdui Flupiiim," to Henry 
, antes Sumner Moinc, Scholnr of Pem- 
Itroke college, and Crnvtn I'nivcrsity 
holar. The Epigram), subject, Greek, 
xa )^fXi8a>v lap ov iruui, — Latin, " I'na 
irutuli) nun facU rrr," alsQ to Mr. 
ainc. Mr. Clark obtained the same 
»e in 1M42. Mr. Maine obtained in 
84'2 the Clinncellor's and Camden Me- 
dals, and the priie tor the Latin t)de. 
June 24. The Porson I'riie was awarded 
Williom Geoige Clark, Trinity Coll.— 
iubject, Shttktpeie' t MiiJnvmrner IViyht'i 
" earn. Act I. Sc. 1, beginning "God 
ecd fair Helena ! Whither away :'' and 
ending " From lovers' fooil till morrow 
deep midnight." 



ASIATIC sociitrv. 
The 20th Annivereary Meeting was 
held on the 10th June, to which day it 
had liecii jiostponcd from the l.llhof May 
preceding, in ctmsciiuence of the death 
Bf Lord Fitzgerald and Vescy. Sir A. 
Johnston took the chair. The Report 
)|ieued «illi an cxpreision of sorrow »l 
^e loss of their late President, who had 
I soon followed his prcdcrestor, the Earl 
fMunnter. Tlie denths of Xhr Pnkc nf 
Sussex and the MnrqucFs \\ < 
of the Vicc-F«lr<in«, were I 
f" ' " • ■'• ' '" 



CsOnia Koiiiai ; fliu A'Nmil Kchotar. the 
Rev. Robert AndrrjMin; f'npt. (^.>nol!v. 
irhose mu: ■' 
Rnhnppily 



the Travels of Mir l«et Ullah. a native 
of India, in the employ of Moorcrof*, 
who had succeeded in reaching Yarkand, 
in the Chinese Empire, which, it appears, 
no modern European traveller had ever 
visited. This tninslation had appeared in 
an Indian perioilicnl ; but as such pub- 
liculions are with difficulty procurable, 
and in fact almost unknown in Europei 
the Council had resolveil. tliat in case of 
Talnablc papers, which had been thus 
printed, but, as far as Europe is con- 
cerned, not ])ubtii4hed, the nUc of never 
]irintiog .-inything tliat bad appeared be- 
t'ore should be reiiciuded. Some details 
were then read, of the proceedings of the 
Oriental Translation Committee. Since 
the last annual meeting, they had pub- 
lished the " Sama Yeds," translotcd by 
Dr. .Stevenson ; the " Popnlar Poetry of 
Persia," by M. de Chodzko : the first 
volume of '* Ibn Khallikhn's Biographical 
Dictionary," by the Baron Mocljuckin de 
.Slane, and the "History of Ujder Ali," 
by Col. Miles. The announcement was 
also made of some valuable Biueraphies 
of Persian Poets, tmnslatrd from originitl 
sources by Sir Gore Ouseley, who hod in 
his posses.«ion a complete, and, in many 
cases, exclusive, collection of &irailar 
works. The publication of the text nf the 
the " Sama Veda," and that of the "Theo. 
opania of Eusebius," and of the " Kitib 
Tahzib «l Asmii," by the Oriental Text 
Committee. wa« aUo iinnoiinced. When 
the report w«- '•■••-i-.i ■■• i 'i • f'mneial 
details bad was 
moved by Sii ■ .1 lir 
(he Right Hon. Hull Mnckcurie. anil 
carried unanimonsly, that the Karl of 
Auckland should l<c elected President. 
The lulluning gentlemen were elected into 
the Council in the roo ' ■' •• who 
went out by rotation : — ^s of 
Lansdon'nc, J. Ewiug, c- , , i.. do 
II. Larpent, Bart., Sir J. L. Lushington. 
Major J. Oliphaat, Dr. J. Vhillimore, 
i. Sullivan, esi|., and M«jor Sir II. WiU 
lock. The oHicers of the preceding year 
'■-elected. 



Jwit lit. •nnipaiiied 

by the Duke ' ; ■ Maripiess 

of Northampton, tlie liarl ot IJartmouUi, 

and Colonel .\n«on, rttend'-d tlir niml- ' 



cicty s torttowii 

dverted to. An 

en was made nf > i 

nun, hy H, II 



r ot tin- I 

his Inl. 
11 S*ai»ca. 
I F, Mliuluw, tl^, iIm Nctttwr, nmI 



Lord Btrwick't Librari/. 



of 

.. , . - .-.iin'j 

^ Iftbuurs (iarinii: '^ period vf HO ycxrSf 

(hout which, at diffi'ienl iu(erv,ilt, 

t b«d htvn honnured witli the )>ati'onnge 

Inf lli<" Duke of Norfolk, wlio had pre. 

it for £1 venrs j of the Eurl 

for 26' years ; and of Lord 

1...1 I v.r.1 Roiuncy, the latter 

I or . i^d noblemen had 

I held -ident for S2 years. 

Siuuc Uu- i»ri liiatiibutioD of rewards, I'^S 

^mcmlHrrv hiul been elected, aad the 90> 

uled, sioce the year ITJ3, 

(KM)/, ia the rncouraf;e> 

urts. Amongst the dis- 

(h^d British .irlists who had rc- 

ita honoran,' medals were Sir 

ttomas Lawrence, NoUckenf, Flaxnian, 

' Sir W, Ro««, Ijsnd^eer, and FiDdeo, 

maiiv "f whose works 

well tty'a muMUiu. 

Ill- i>..; ,1 ii.tuiM-.- .u( 11 proceeded to 

ilijilrihute the rcn ards in the iticcliuiiics 

&ttd but arls, con^i^ting of gold aiid silver 

1 mmUla, iccompanied by pecuniary gra- 

I tnitiw. 

Mao BCBWICK> I.inilj\BV, 

TUe library of the late Lord Berwick 

I occii{ii<'d the haimner of Mr. Leigh 

^■iilii l.v •!» the ^(ilh of April and twelve 

ilar<, and attrarted a numerous 

nnf? very high price* The 

iitarly rich in Bene^lO' 

Mitificripu, Wc »hall 

lor several copies of the 

ITiiv 

.lie, Ili'iJ. ill. Bought for 
I Ike British .Vlancam. 

I»il. IfiGj i from .Sir W. Bnrrell 

and Sir U. Nayler's collections. CI. 6a. 
Ilrit. Ma*. 

I«I. ItilX ; transcribed by Loiig- 

mtle. ."il. Ku. Thorpe. 

l!i;.H li.rk.i.lii' 8nd Glouveaterahire, 
IC: ; . Phillippe. 

;il -Hire, 1(>34. lUI. As. 

[ Sir T. I'lollitu •=. 

314. The >ame, with arms, by Saw. 

'Wall -IrT. p. 

J!' 19. Hi, Idem, 

.i' .>. I Uicd by lyong. 

nial 

Iti'.'O [hat only unna, 
oa I (iA. Idem. 

)():! ; lioin Sir Peter 
iTTii ii.ii, 3VI. Uoone. 

1. %".■>! trautcflpt by 



69 

lOi. 



IXiont,... 



.Sir T. P. 



lli'JtO, Ilauipahire i.a bad copy). 101 
Idom. 

1091, I.'.:.'., al. IdetD. 

lie*). Herefordshire aad Oxfordaliiie, 
temp. Eli)!. l>il. Idem. 

no.'), Herefordshire, 1S74 : a recent 
transcript, 131. 13i, Idem. 

M't). Herefordahirc and DiiiUam, 
IHIJ. T2\. Idem. 

IIT-I. Hertfordahite. 1634. KM. IS*. 
Idem. 

lli'i. HuntiugdoDshire, 1613. S( 
Idem. 

Kent, Itjly; a recent copy, 
Idem. 
Leicestershire, 1613. HI. 10s, 



otV 



71M. 1(,I.%, 111. S«. Idem. 

il, Eaacx, Pedigrees, c«Uc«;trd by 
V '7M. ni. U». Wem. 



13::. 

101. 10s 

1448. 
Idem. 

U>l!l. Lincolnshire, 1563; from Sir C. 
Morgan's collection, but a poor copy. 
I;>:l. Idem. 

1S55. Norfolk; from Uinrey's viaita. 
tion, KiCi, and other sonrces. 101. Idem, 

I80U. Norfolk ond Suffolk, 166.?, pre. 
ceded by pedigrees of English families 
by Samuel Todd, 1601. 161. Brit. Mua. 

I860. Northamptonshire, 1616. 101. 
10s. Sir T. Phillipps. 

I»01. Oxfordshire, 1,574. 101. 10s, 
Thorpe. 

23a.l. Shropshire, the Visitations of 
IJH4, I62.t, and 163:, with additions col- 
Irctcd by .John (Jough of Fleet-street, 
Professor of Heraldry, 1042, (fioin Mr. 
Uampei's colleotionl. 811. Thorpe. 

23.i4. 1623. (il. 12». Idem. 

93.j,i. 166'a, (only arma). I0I. 

I.>s. Idem. 

23.i6. Pedigrees, by Randte 

Holme. l.i<. Brit. Museum. 

2317. Visitation, from Sir George 

Nayler's roUcclion. 151. Thorpe. 

24«7. Suffolk, IJ6I. 151. Thorjie. 

2715. Devonshire, Cornwall, and So- 
mersetshire, 1531 ; transcript. 161, lOs, 
Brit. Sluseum. ^J 

^737. Wales, a collection of PedigTecdjH 
in large folio. 50l. Sir T. Pliillipps. ^M 

2738. Another volume, from the 

collection of John Pritehard Prys, De- 
puty Herald for Wales. 361. Idem. 

2«f.9. Wiltshire, 1633; from Sylr. 
Morgan's collection. 131. Idem. 

2860. l.'.oj. 71. Idem. 

2801. 1565, and Oxfordshire; a 

recent transcript, 171. IO9, Idem. 

2879, Worcestershire, l.'ifiO, with wt- 
dilions to 177.1, 141. 14b. Idem. 

From the very larire number of iniscel- 
I ' ' ■ ' ' ■ - ripts.WC 

1,-.^.,, , .:-i-iy, on a 

toll. U. lis. Thorpe. 

4117. Church Notre, coUcctcd by Craven 
Oril, In six TvlumCD, 4to. 301. Sir T. 



Lord Benoick't Library. 



[July, 



PhilUppt (told for 111. lU io Crmveu 
Ord'ssile 1833). 

517. Joornitl uf Nirml Tr«niaction> in 
16<6 ; by Sir W'illum CUrke. 31. it, 
"irit. Museum. 
6ti, CroniCK dci DoMi c Paniiglir Ve- 
(lieti. 1635. 21. 14i. llril. Museum. 

696. Uf" ' ■'" "digree*, on vellum. 

61. 10s. Ill 

833. KkI' ^taflordihirc, t MS. 

leopy. 159.^. ^'1. 1 la. Thorpe. 

953. OenealogiK Mooumenta et In- 
signia varifl. cuntaining Bishop Wick- 
ham's Conaangninlt;, C'burch Volrs. Pe- 
1. digrees, Stc. From ihe Townelfy collec- 
itioii [and in Hasttd's Kriting ?] follu. 
IS«1. SirT. PhilUppa. 

1004. R. OlOTcr's Pedigrees of the 
Northern Districts, neatly copied. 101. 
lUs. Phillipps. 

I0:(0. Grants of Arms, by Sir E. 
Syssbc, Sir E. Walker, Sir O. Dethiok, 
nd others. 141. Brit. Museum. 

1031. Grunts of Anns, Processions, 
nd Ceremonies. 101. lOi. Brit. Museum. 

1032. GraoU of Arms and CresU. 151. 
Brit. Museum. 

1031. Grants, by Oethick, Walker, 
St. George, Segnr. Camden, ^c. teUnm, 
formerly T. Martin's of Palgrave. 5I.Ss.(id. 
fJBir T. PhUlips. 

1034. Grants and Coafirmatioos by 
' .Sc^r. 81. 88. Idem. 

1094. Pedierecs of Vahoos Families, 
eommenciog with Dingley, of Hants. 
From Capon's coUecliou. 141. Thorpe. 

1093. Book of Customis of the Manors, 
jtc. of the sec of Winchester, collected by 
Sir Charles MonUgue, Steward, 1644. 
Sro. fil. liis. SirT. Phillipps. 

1094. ilampshire Church Notes, *c 
by W. Parry. 4to. lOl. 5». Brit. Mos. 

1144. Arms of Gentry in various 
|/P0untrics, 1584. Ul. 5s. Brit. Mux. 

1145. Proceedings of Enrl M»r«h»l, — 
ICeremoniet, — Valuation of Binhoprin of 

k'umsler, — Art of Painting un Glass, 
kc. fol. 41. Thorpe. 

1146. CastJi of Arms, CresU, Aie. 2 
[tola, folio, with indexes. From Capon's 

ollrrtioii. 131. Brit. Mus. 

1147. Arms, Creetn, Grant*, ttn. by 
Cooke and liarrett, 101. .'>s. Pickering. 

1 1t>6. Arms and Pedigiecs of Hereford- 
hire. 181. Sir T. Phillipps. 
1167. Arms of Herefordshire families. 
II. Idem. 

r;."i9. "Gathering," Arms, *o. by 

frafl<-i. liiiliiliiirn Iti-r.ild Dnintrrrtr T.(*li. 

ton, 

v: 



1876. Inscriptions in Wells Cathediali 
Uk«n by AJex. Huish. 31. 7s. Thorp*. 

l.jOH. Inscriptions from Coffin PlatMi 
from Sir Q. Nayler's ooUwttiaii, 8L Sir ! 
T. Phillipps. 

13'26, Arms of Nobility, temp. Jamat 
I. tricked on a large scale from Sir 
Richard St. George's library, fol. lOl. St. 
Bril. Museum, 

1348. >'erses by Uea Jousou Ui tlic 
memory of Vincent Corbet. MS. OD vel* 
Ittm. II. 4s. Thorpe. 

1375. Arms of Kentish familiea. in i 
trick ; from Sir Edw. Hoby and S. Pefge'a i 
collection. 4to. 41. (is. Brit. Mus. 

I3T.'>. Kentish Armrs, collected b]r 
Filmcr Soutliouse, of Farersham, gent, 
on vnlluui. From Carteret Webb's and 
Towneley collections. 131. lUs. Brit. 
Mnseum. 

l.<77. Kentish Miscellany ; collectiont 
by .Snmurl I'olr, transcribed by Hasted, 
fol. 171. SirT. Phillipps. 

I.3tl3. Lists of Sheriffs, In counties, bjr 
Gregory King, 1C8S. 61. I3s.6d. Thorpe. 

1393. Lista, Anns, and Portraits of 
Knights of the Garter to 1887, in 14 
Tols. Urge folio. 231. Thorfic. 

1393. Lists of Knights and Baronets, 
temp. Jos. I. to 1U16, with arms in trick. 
«»o. 31. ISs. Sir T. Phillipps. 

1490—1498. Various heraldic collec- 
tions principally relating to .Suffolk, by 
Gerrcae Chtford Levcland, but very poorif 
executed, and not worth enumerating. 

I.i09. Liber NubilitatisGcnurnsis. MS. 
fol. 1782. 31. I««. Sir T. Phillipps. 

l.*>20. Arms and Pedigrees ol Lincoln- 
shire families, and a copy of the Baron't 
book, emblazoned. Bl. Thorpe. 

1553—1559. Collections by Bwuk 
Longmate, chiefly bought by Sir T. Pbil- 
lipps, of which 1354 and 1556, MoDU* 
mental Inscriptions, Ac. for 141. and IVl. 

1713. Arms ot Lord Mayors, Sheriffs, 
&c. of London : 1634. from Le Nere'i 
collection, fol. 81. Sir T. Pliilltp|<*. 

1714. London in ArUM I : the 
distiuclioa* oiilliary ami itorse 
troops iind Irainrd '' - ' .ncni, 
1647. 4to. (il. Um 

1715. Arms Of L -.,!•. ^'• by 
KuU. West, 1743. UU lis. Sir T. 

Phillipl'ii. 

(I. 

H.Tiri..iin. \i iiiucDr m raid -rvy. 11. IS, 

Idrra. 

K.'i* Insrritiiinna in rarloutOOmtiMI 
r'a coUecUoa. S fol*. 1 



iJi.(.;j .■>« 1. I'UlllHrp. 



n 



Lord Berwick's Library. 



71 



w».- I„.^^« 



■ItO, 



I 

fror 

I- ills' 

tfolle^r, Uxtord. widi fiatncs uf Caadidntcs 
kod rrlirrd Fellnwj, (rom l71*tolHV7. 
Ato. 

1 UforiUhire, &c. fol. 

131. - J ■■--...■ , ,:lilip». 

l:ii I -- ]■<:-. \ I: .' ;!ii;i., chiefly in 
ghrojiflurr, hy l!i.' lih' I (»vid Piirkei, uf 
Shmrthanr. Tliey told in all for 1441. 
tod wrrr rhipfljr j^urrhastfd by TItorpe, 



fol 

fol. tbout 

lui«'« i:i 

1 

M> 

Nr, 

l;«ri.i. r 



I Shropiliirti. S toIk. 

.•jifi'c^ 111 -.rrrrnl rounti«i, 
tiHfl, funiTi!\ I li M[ia» Star- 
Ills. .Sir 'I'. Unllici'-i. 

i-.n from thp \ isitationf of 
\rnt and Sussci, by Sir 
■M, continued by Le 
1. Wl. Bnt. Mu«. 
imiTcif ul Eugltiid «nd \V«lci, 
by R. Cbaudlea*. Fruni tlii- lUlylon ool- 
J»cHnn. fol. l(;'j.i. 601. Lord Hill. (The 

ID I 

i 

St. 

iiy.t 

I'M? 
Tkor... 

I 
81. 

1971 



i I and Hill are very copious 
I 

"I OrBiitu, by Henry 
od hy H. Uiglnnd. 
iti. iii«. air i'. Pbillippi. 

PedigKca of lUdclyffe. Ml. 14*. 



I I'MbyMr. Cioon Newling. 
lippi. 
i'edi^reea and Church Note*, 
by tha lamc, principally of Shrop«hir« 
familiei. in 3M amall roll. Kcwed, and SO 
half-bound. 711. Sir T. Phillippn. 

I'Mi I ....ii..r> ,nd Succcsiion of 
Ell 1 \5m, by Richard 

Toti fol. 4to. PriUhard. 

V ..lie Collection* of W. 

Bad l;i: Croix, io an octavo vol. 

abonl l»-iii. ;n. !l». Sir T. Phillipps. 

SlftS. K<ill of .\tios upon vclluui, trmp. 
gi, II /,!,., ..,..,,„ii of Mr. Willeincnt's 
polii .4. 2<)1. Lord Hill. 

', . :<ry Rowland, iliahop 

of Uant;ur. — KnigliN made hy Henry 
Vil. 4U>, 31. 3». Sir T. Phillipp*. 

nnuitio and Fero of the Royal 
, fol. From Sir Juliuii Ciesar'a 
bably No. 4i; or 47.) 101. 
lint. Mhj. 

2S37- Shrldon'n collection of Pcdigreea- 
M. Ml. Sir ! 

Ln«*334.St,. it<<d to Sbrop- 



«kir 



■lier pro- 
.< of the 



for 7.')1. I urn 

ill , , . "0 hi» I'oin; 1 r- 

wtnla that the firat fiftcirn rliailctt were 
only copiea, the anm of l.M. wat deducted. 
U«i, cJurtcra. 171. I7«. Thorw:. Thrre 
volomea of tiio Shropshire culivctiont of 



the Rer. E. Williama were bought fb"" 
3011. in. by Thorpe, it wn» luppiisrjd fo'' 
Mr. Eyton ; four oilirrs by Sir Thomas 
Phillip|isfor3071. An imperfwt I run script 
of the cartulary of Shrewsbury abbey by 
the Mine for IWl, 1C». The Vifitationi 
have been alreiidy noticed. Lot 2303. an 
:,...,.-..... V. _. r — '''ighroon 

■^Urop- 
, 1 . . Llukes. 
eaq. in 5 vols. 4to, 741. 1 Isl Thorpe. Of 
the remainder Sir T. Phillippi bought 
largely, including the la«t. an iadiffereDt 
collection of drawings and prints, formed 
by Mr. Uulcefi, spoilt by being stuck to- 
gether, fur 311. lOii. 

V444. Docniuenis, dated 13M9 and 
1419, relative to the Choir of Lichfield, 
til. 16s. 6d. Thorpe. 

S445. Staffordshire Pedigrpes; formerly 
Bo«SBUo's. 201. IDs. SirT. PhilUpps. 

V447. Customs and Offices of the 
Honour of Tutbury. 31. Ills. Thorpe. 

iAti. Arms of the Trades of Lichlicld, 
«LC. 51. 58. Thorpe. 

2501. Monumeotsl luscriptlons in St. 
Mary, in Lambeth, by Jos. Jonea, 1749. 
81. Ms. Sir T. Phillipps. 

S.ijO. Theatre of Europe, wherein are 
contained the XVI Ancestors of every 
particular family in Europe, by J. Bastan. 
MS. fol. \tiM. 131. Thorpe. 

X-^H!*. Peiligrces and .\rms by Towns- 
end, chiefly relating to the family of 
Littleton. Ifil. 15s. Sir T. Phillipps. 

'27.14. Pedigreen, collected hy the UeT. 
Williiim Doilr, Herlor of Barmstoo, co. 
of York, about 171)0. 4tu. 61. tis. lid. 
Thorpe. 

^'7:<9, Arms of Archbishops, Biabopi, 
and Gentry of Wales, collected iu 16H(i, 
by Jos. Smyth. 4to, Kl. ISs. 6d. SirT. P. 

2744. Pedigrees of Flintshire familiei. 
4to. on vrlluiu. 4'il. Idem. 

2H9h'. Yiirkthire Pedigree.', from John 
HiilUnd's rullci'tion. 2'3\. Dooue. 

SIti97. Armorial Urarings.from the same, 
431. Sir T. Phillipps. 

!289ti. Another similar volame. 391. 
Idem. 

SBa."). Copies of Yorkshire Pariib 
gislers. 4to. »l. 2a. (i°d. 

'i'.>\*i. Niotteen Letters of the Earl of 
Clarcnduo t<> the Earl of Abingdon, re- 
lating to Monmouth's rebellion. 201. lOs. 
Lord Hill. 

Of the printed books we may mention 
these six : 

594. Whitaker't Coronation uf George 
IV. biKhlv finished in gold and colours, 
ti7l. Thorpe. 

1021. Cough's Sepulchral Monutnentt, 
five volamea, in nissia, 741. 

loss. Halstcad's Genealogin, in rtd 
morocco. 981. Pickeriug. This identical 



391. I 



Library nf 

I copy, ftbont .30 years siiipf , w«i pnrclm»ctl 
At n ftnle in ttieneiglihourhooil ot Windsor 
for 21. '.'s. ; it shortly after fcmiul a jil«cc 
I in the valuable library of the Iste Mir 
lltfiirk Miuterman Syke;, at whose ilcath 
Tit was ngtin sold at Evans's rooms for 
[t41. 111. to Mr. Thorpe. The Tnwneley 
[copy sold by the same auctioneer for li.1l. 
IC'i.l. Whitaker'»M.i(;naC'li8rln, printed 
I In gold, on vell'itu. 181(j. 581. Pickering. 
1 ■)!!(>. Pennant '< London, illustrated 
[ by the late Mr. Oraves, in 6 volt, folio. 
\«n. Itcs. 

S090. Stiite Trials and other paperi, 
relative to the Rebellion of 174.'i : bound 
in imperiiil folio. 101. 

The total produce of tliiti sale was 

167361. I3«. of which Sir Thomas Phil- 

'lipp>'f purchaoes amounted to 181 'Jl. and 

Tliorpc the book(eller's Vt'itGiV Itfs. fid. 

i,iiin,\nr ok ph-w miilus. 
TTie Very Rev. Jeroniiah .Millej, D.D. 
Dean of Exeter, .ind I'resiilcnt of the So- 
I ciety of Antiquaries, died in 17*!4. Por- 
tions of hia library h.ivc, we believe, been 
before offered by auction ; but a considrr- 
nble part of his library remained tngelber, 
and opi>ears to have received from time to 
I time considerable accescinns, until the pre- 
nciit yeiir, when it has been brought under 
the hammer of Mr. Leigh .Sotheby on the 
loth tif .\pril aud four following dart. It 
) was rich in the classics, theolojcy, history, 
I lind topography ; and concluded with f>e- 
feral valuable manuscript-'. One of Ibe-c 
wag vellum MS. uf Bedc, of the IVrh 
century, which formerly belonged to 
I Plumpton priory in Devonshire ; lhi« 
I Wat purchased for the British Museum nt 
{S9I. 10s, K vellum MS. of the c4inonicnl 
F«piit1es, also of the li'lh century, was 
(old for 'il, :is. to Mr. Thorpe. I'luloso- 
phaster, u I,\tin comedy by Uohert 

. Burton, outhnr ff •'- * r \i,i.,. 

1 choly, in his n>. 

[|)0ld lu Pickcriiif; 

■ of several pieces uf KngUah iuatory, 

Iwriden about 14!l,on paper, was sulil 

[for .11. Ts. Thorpe. A!' iiiduttcd 

[by the British Mu!<run 

Dean Mill.-.i': " ■ "■ • 

lt)f Devonshire \ 

|]>urchai>r.d by il 

1901. They coiui-itnl ul iwiuty wlumra 

[jn Torint!? a^Jre^. *ind arrnneed a« ft»ll»»w« • — 

1. r 
«. 

Irrr i, .■ ■,•.1. 

Hn t. 

3. '.hi ..n;[in«I Mf«. 

Ilrifh 

i- iltnnbla. 

B, bpetdit mA(--L, ^;c. 
9 



«fl Wf'Ww. [July, 

5. Wc<itcotl'« Sarvev of Devon. A| 
folio MS. 

(i. Exeter Domesilay. 

7. Statuli EkcI. Exon. 

8. Bishop Ward'ii papers, dkc. 
n. Various loose Mannscripta. 
10, 11. Two volumes of pedigree*. 

12. Collections by various person). Ini 
chiding Dr. Wm. Howard. Ciipt. Stoe. 
veua, and Dr. I'lol's Nnluinl Uisturyl 
of Devon. 

|:t. Arms. 

14. Pamphlets, Prints, Lctter>, tVc. 

Several rolls belonging to ibe Churchl 
of Eicter were withdrawn from the oalef] 
ha\ini; been claimed, we presume, by tbj 
Dean and Chapter. 

The Minute. book of the Egyptian .So. I 
ciety, together with other papen, and their j 
•yinbol, a sistrum of brass (sec Niehols't j 
Literary Anecdotes, vol, V, p. A'M), wM'l 
eold for 21. to Thorpe. 

.\ very early copy, on vellum, of Glan> 
villc'e Tractatus dc Legibus ct Coiisuetu«] 
dinibus regni Anglin' was purchased foff] 
the British Museum at .351. lOs. 

Ix>t 11137, B mcmorandnm book made inj 
the East Indies, IGSl — 8 ; a .loumal, Per-J 
siuii and English, 1G0U; and a chart of lh<'] 
aeu coaat from the city of Sumats to Co«T 
chin, on parchment, nearly twelve feet 
long, and coloured. 5/. Briti«h Museum. 

Confirmation charier of the Lord Pro- 
tector to the city of Wntcrford in 1 058, 
roll Clj feet long. -21. 'U, H. Bohn. 

Among the latter lota were many vo>' 
lumes of the journiJs of Dr. Pococke, tho j 
Oriental triitellcr, which were sold t%\ 
fullnwa : — 

lltt4. Travel* of Dean MUles and Dr^ 
Richard l'.\cork«> in I73C, Hic, tbrongll 
France, Klandrrs, Holland, Germanysl 
r>' ' "I Hungtry, *l toU. 4to. TVC 



i., 1 ...„ IV-..-... ion 

-. thai 
id onel 
4lu volume. 3/. Am. Ihurpe. 

\Wi. Dr. l'(K•orV^■. Trntels In Eagj 

I ■ i ur in n;>a,j 

111 'in variouti 

'. and 

' ^ineys, 

and parts in England and Ireland in 

ITfiO, by Dr. Porn.-ke, with mnnv diTiw. 



1 JOV U•Ul;r^ uf Ur. Potwkc and Dr. 



t*«.] 



Littrary and SeienHjte ItUelUgence. 



UniM. to Dr. "<" 

tOOf 

4 >i -..- - .-.. -t". 

[ inorpe. 

Lo< 1,1 !)S eoiiiUtcd of the historicKl 
rctnn-hn of Dr. Thomns Millf«. Uistiop 
at W»l»rfortl. thus de»eriboJ : Throe Di»- 
-1. CoDccrnini; the slnte of Bri- 
•■ its cooqufst by the Romans; 2. 
J the state uf Britain under the 
kc. ; J. Concerning the state of 
ftpr t?ie Satons ; 4. History of 
111 the Conqneror to 
if Stephen : the ori- 
t1 niitngripti .^l^. in 7 Tolnmes, folio, 
with » fair copy, in 'i very large and 2 
•nuUer folio volumes, with notes, jic. 
pivpwd for the preti, but never pub- 
Bdnd. 91. Thorpe. 

1196. Dean Millet'* obserratlont on 
tka enrJOTU remains and antiquities, made 
in liferent toims and various counties in 
BnfUiic) and Wales, with many drawings, 

11./ Tt.nrpa, 

• ^ by the same on 
\ c'hes, an<l palaces of 
tulume with many prints 
21. 'it. This was bought 
'-ion. 
.'. pt of the Norfolk 

Dostk.,..,, ... •• -1 10 of. 100 pages, made 

«ar|f in the last century, nud purchased 
by Dtao Milles, nt Aosiis's sale in 1700, 
«u sold for 5/. .S«. to H. Bohn. 

IWMJ. a letter of Indulirrncc from Peter 
biAop of E»i' ''—e praying for 

tke (onls of < buried at St. 

M«T7 ltod«cl>... L 1.1, i;!8. U. 

TtiQTpe. 

ITOT. Collection of 
of; 

■CQOl 

1,208. Skc'.cli-book of niios, in pencil 
— Mrtnoranda "' t"""ii«l' Antiquities— 



nearly 800 coats 
i|iio Squire, a friend of Sir 
lie. 8/. for the British Mu- 



Measures ami 

nil i i-l5.-. :!. 



be L iii*i'rsi(y or ^rvior-i. 



laces, V^n 
iim. 

jc, Cara- 

-Letter* 

ujiio — 67 — 



>3 



I proceedingt, 1686 — 7, X 
iid I quarto. 3/. 3f. Britisli 
M u=' urii. 

Among the printed books were Anitit's 
own copy of his Observations upon the 
Order of the Both, with many additions 
and letters, and his Register of the Order 
of the Garter, interleaved, and bound 
in three volumes, with some MS. addi- 
tions. 

There was another day's tale on the 
2Sth April, of autograph letters, recordt, 
and documents connected with English 
history, partly the property of Dean 
Milles. An autograph letter from Sir 
Philip Sydney produced 41.6s. An auto- 
graph note of Oliver Cromwell was sold 
for "1. ; it was in fine preservation, and 
bore date 1G48. A warrant for the pay- 
ment of 1,0001. to the wife of John 
Hampden, dated 16.53, fetched .11. Is.; «n 
autograph letter from Drydcn to his wife, 
51. 1?8. 6d. ; a letter from Charles I. to 
Sir F. Windcbank, 41. 14s. 6d. ; and a 
sign manual of Cromwell, .11. lis. A 
letter, uuaddressed, from Dr. Johnson, 
was pnrchased for "Jl. lis.; one from Lord 
Nelson, dated on board the Amaton, Sep- 
tember 24, 1 801 , 31. 39. The priees were 
Ihroughont good. 



THE HOXmiRCIIE CLCB. 

The Roxburghe Club held their thirty- 
first anniversary meeting on the 1 7th June 
at the Clarendon Hotel. The Entl of 
I'owis presided . and there were present the 
Dukes of Buccteuoh and Sutherland, the 
Enil Brownlow. Viscounts Mahon and 
Clive, Baron Parke, Sir S. R. Glynne, 
Bart the Rev. Dr. Bliss, V.P., B. BotficU, 
David Dundns, H. Hallani, J. A. Lloyt), 
J. H. Markland, Treasarer, Wm. H. 
Miller, and Peregrine Towneley, esqs. 

A hook, edited by Vi.<caunt Mahon, 
printed at the expense of the Club, entitled 
"The Drdine of the last .'*tuwl«," being 
extracts from the dospatches of British 
envoys to the Secretary of State, was 
delivered to the Members ; and it is nn- 
derntood that at the next anniversary some 
valuable additions will be made to the 
Ruilmiighe coUectiou of works. 



ARCHITECTURE. 



Oironti ARCHlTEcrnnAt «oci«tt. esq Ma«;ds1eo rollete. 
t, A Book of Eoclism-tical 

Cbta from Churches in Gltxii'i-tier- 

, \c, wu presented by J. E. MiUard, ii..i.., v. ,,..,..- 

CcKT. Mao. Vol. XX. Ij 



Rubblniti of M 

■ Mitstio 
liar 

■■f tk 



Archileclure. 



[July. 



I 



ancient Timber Roof of Adel Church 
Yorkshire, supposed to he Noruian, bj 
Rev. G. Lewthwaite j and rubbings of 
the Brasses of John Wyndham, esq., 
1572, Bnd Florence his wife, from St. 
Decuman's Church, Somersetshire, by 
W. C. Trcveljran, esq. The last men- 
tinned gentlemnn exhibited drawings of 
teversl curious Windows, Fonts, tec. 
chiefljr in Bretagne and Normandy. Some 
of the Fonts have a smaller huin at- 
tached to them, and one has three basins. 
The President of Trinity suggested that 
these smaller basins were probably to 
hold the chrism, or holy oil, for 
Bnointing the infants after they were 
biptiied. 

The Secretary read a short account of 
Shottcsbrookc Church, Berkshire, near 
Twyford, illustrated by the drawings pre- 
sented by Mr. Butterfield. This Church 
is a very perfect specimen, on a small 
ccale, of the decorated style ; cruciform, 
with the tower and spire rising from the 
intersection, It is fully described in our 
Magazine for Feb. \6W, It affords an 
excellent model for study, and we arc 
glad to hear that the Society are about to 
publish engravings of it. 

Mr. Addington, of Lincoln College, 
presented several rubbings of Brasses, 
■od read an accotint of them. 



TBS KOKMAN TOWKR, BtTKY. 

Mr. Cottingham has submitted his 
plans to the committee for the restoration 
of the Norman gateway tower at Bury St. 
Edmund's, together with a full and highly 
satisfactory explanation of them, .\mong 
the drawings exhibited, fourteen in num- 
ber, executed on a large scale, were 
coloured views of the east and west fronts 
of the tower, shewing the present alarming 
itate of the disruptured masonry ; eleva- 
tions of the four sides a.* they will appear 
■when the proposed restoration is com- 
pleted J and sections and pinns shewing 
the way in which the four bclt« of iron 
tics will be disposed, each of which Mr. 
Cottingham likened to fourgiantigrosping 
the four comers of the tower with both 
arms, and banded together round their 
wasts. Mr. Cottingham f ' ' lie 
committee to be in a siluaii <[ 

at once with the work, as i.^^ ; ^i. 

lions and contract could be so prepared 

t}iat Th'' cnnfrnrtor wntild hr hound to 

1 pror. as tha 

I com r abould 

lb at the 

r, Pot- 

; i-. :.— . similar 



ties for the tower at Hereford Cathedral, j 
and elsewhere. 

The committee nnanimously resolved I 
toadveilise for tenders, and to order Mr. ] 
Potter to proceed without delay in pre- 
paring the iron ties. The committee also i 
resolved to pay down immediately the 
amount of their snhscriplJons, and to re* 
quest those gentlemen who had been kind , 
enough to signify their intention of snb* 
scribing to do the same. Mr. Cottingham 
has entered upon his task in a con smora , 
spiiit; he will not receive any commis* 
sion, but simply charges the trifling sum | 
of iOO/. which is included in the esti* J 
mate for all his drawings, journeys, and J 
superintendence, till the work is com*) 
pleted. 



The King of Bavaria is building in the 
park of his anmmer palace at Aschalfen- | 
burg, near Wurtzburg, a house, which i 
will be on exact copy of the fomous housa < 
of Castor and Pollux, ai Pompeii, brought I 
to light in \X:iit, under the direction of the j 
German archaologist, Herr Zaun. The j 
magni6cent mosaics nnd fresco-paintings, I 
the alur, furniture, utensils, all, in short, 
that is curious in the ant-ient building, j 
will be reproduced with the utmost ez> ( 
actness in the Aschaffeuburg ttructnrs, j 
so as to furnish n correct notion to the j 
modems of the domestic life of the old | 
Romans. 



Xbw Cbuhchfs Consecrated. 
(Continued from A'ot. p. 584.) 

Oct. IT. St. James's Church, Brad.\ 
furd, was consecrated by the Lord Bishop 
of Ripon. It is an elegant edifice, si« 1 
tuatcd in the township of Hortoii, a little | 
to the left of the road leading from Brad* 
ford to Halifax. 

t)ct. 19. The new |>arish church at I 
Allitiry^ Surrey, was consecrated by the i 
Bishop of Wf..-i.- -•■.. 

Oct. '24. Ii, under the de- 

signation of I '-I, wilhsbur}'ing 

ground attnciit-U, h ss cuusecralvd by the 
Bishop of Ourhoin, at Pftlon. nrsr Ches- 
ter-le-Street. 'I'Lc Biri rented 

Gu'. a-year towards tl •, en- 

Hou-..,..,.t ..,,.1 ,,„ 1... I 



pcrniuieut cuUuwment ot iOi, 
annum. 

Oct. '2K ""■ T- ,■ :, :■ ' 

.Mnrv'n) 111 ' V 

tk« l^rd Bi.i.v, v.'> -' •nil'" <' •••< 



1843.] 



Architecture. 



beeo bsilt \>y voluntar; luWription, on 
(•ad prtaented by Lord Willooghby De 
Brrtb;; and the necctsarjr endowment for 
Ihe miniitcr, the repairt of the church, 
•nij Chc ptncrtl purposes of DiWns wor- 
thip, hn been granted by the Rct. HoI- 
Uad Edwardt, the former Rector of the 
mruii, wboM liberality to the Church in 
>rtlc< is well knowD, etpecially in the 
pariih of Llanrwtt, ivhcrc alone he hag 
contnbated to the amount of 4000/. and 
upwards. Thia sacred edifice stands on 
an ascent, at the entrance of the town 
from Peritrevoehis, commanding a full 
view of the beautiful vale, and forming a 
matt interesting object in itself. About 
the tame time three new churches at 
JUanehr'Irr, one erected and endowed by 
the " 'IV n Churches Association," and 
the others by the " Manchester and Ec- 
cIm Chnrch Building .Society," were con- 
aecreted by the Lord Bishop of Chester. 
The first is dedicated to St. Silas, to the 
incambeacy of which the Rev. W. Batlcr, 
B..\. has been appointed. The .second is 
dedicated to St. Thoma», and is situate 
at Stretford, near Mnnchesler; the Re». 
J. Clarke, B.A., has hct-ii nominated to 
tbe Minixtnr. The third. Si. John's, ia 
aitMte i>t Pcndlebury. The Bishop has 
Ucen<rd the Rcr. R. Wilner, B.A., to the 
incumbency. Several other churches are 
In coarse of erection in the neighbour- 
hood of Manchester. 

Oel. 2',h The new chapel, dedicated to 
St. Thomas the Apostle, at Noak Hill, 
situated at the extremity of the parish of 
Ibnuford, Essex, was consecrated by the 
Lord Bishop of Ijondou. It has been 
vncted by subscription, through the ex- 
ertions of Sir Thomas Neave and Sheffield 
N'nre, esq. who have largely contri- 
batcd. and who likewise gave the ground. 

Oct. 31. Ilis lordship consecrated a 
new chapel in the neighbourhood of the 
Highwoods. a [mrt of the parish of H'rif- 
llt. which ii believed to be the largest 
parish in the covinty of Essex, extending 
seven miles in UuiiCh : and of its popula- 
tion i^somr JOtXJ in nuuiber)n considerable 
portion live at an inconvenient distance 
from the parish church. That part of tbe 
parish known as the HighwDod Quarter 
was fixed upon as the spot where a house 
of prayer was roost needed, and is also 
convenient for the out-dwellirs of the 
neighbouring parishen of Fryeming, Dod- 
dlughiirit, and BInrkmorc. The archi- 
tect wi^ Mr Wcbh, of Great finddow, 
an.' .1- was about I2U0/. The 

cli . of red bricks, in the early- 

Enghfii tiytr. \l the wc«l end is n|"jtch, 
lurmnuntoil by a campaolk conttminR 
Oog biitl. At the coat end is a window of 



three compartments, and on each side the 
budding ia lighted by five wiodowi. In 
the wall at the east end, and on the out- 
side, ia a atone bearing the following 
inscription : — 

''This Episcopal Chapel, dedicated to 
the worship of Almighty God, and named 
St. Paul's, was built by subscriptioD, io 
the year 1842. 

" Thomas Penrose, D.C.L., Vicar. 
" Stephen Webb, Architect." 
Within there are only 1 2 pews, six on each 
side, the rest being open and free aeats. 
The pulpit is placed on the south side of 
and adjoining to the altar : the reading 
desk on the north. There is sitting room 
fur about 400 persons. The length of the 
building within the walls is 64 feet, and 
the width 3e feet. 

Xir. 1. The Bishop consecrated the 
new Chapel of .VII Saints, at ff'itham, 
built within a few yards of the main 
street, the pariah church being at Chip- 
ping Hill, about a mile from tbe town. 
The style of the building is early-Engliah, 
and it is in tbe form of a Calvary Cross. 
The walls and buttresses are panelled ex- 
ternally with black flints, and bordered 
with white brick. A large window, of 
stained glass, over the altar, has been exe- 
cuted by Mr. Whale, of Newcastle-upon- 
Tyoe. It is in three compartments, in 
the centre of which, in opaque colonr, are 
written the Lord's Prayer and the Belief. 
The other divisions comprife the Ten 
Commandments. On the Communion 
Table was placed a splendid service of 
silver gilt, the present of J. F. Fortescue, 
esq., the High Sheriff: in the side of the 
chnlice are set several rubies taken by 
Mr«. Bramston's father (the Inte Sir Ni- 
cholas Trant) from an Indian chief, in the 
Mahratta war. The roof of the chapel ii 
handsomely constructed, and along tba 
walls on each side are ranged as corbala 
carved busts of six of the Apostles. The 
length of the building is lUl feet, and the 
width in the nave .IG feet ; the length of 
the transept is 00 feet. The accommoda- 
tion fir the congregation consists of pewa 
on each side, capable in all of seating 300 
persons — free seats for 300 adults, and for 
lOO children. The total cost of the erec- 
tion was between 3000/. and 4O0O/. The 
site, including the burying ground, com- 
prises an acre. The architect employed 
was Mr. Brown, of Norwich. 

A'op. 23. The consecration of tba new 
church at Skipton Bri-lgf, in the parish 
of Topcliffe. Yorkshire, was performed by 
the Lord Bishop of Ripon. 

Kov. 30. The church of St. Andrew, 
Northampton, was consecrated by the 
Biabop of Peterborough. Its general ef. 






Architecture. 



[July. 



icct, both internally and ezternaJly, U 
good. The windowi ire very beautifol, 
uid there ia a triple window at the east 
«nd. The architect was Mr. E. F. Law, 
of Northampton ; and the coat of this 
bandsome slrocturc, including the en- 
dowment, repair fund, &c. amounts to 
7f83W. 18«. id., which, with the excep- 
tion of a 3,000/. grant from Uyndman'! 
tnuteei, and a further grant of COO/. 
from the Peterborough Diocesan Asso- 
eiatioo, baa been raised by public sub- 
tcription. The communion aertice ia the 
joint gift of the Queen Dowager and the 
Protestant Confederates of the town. Iti 
cost was 43/. 

Dec. 8. The new church at Ramigilt, 
Yorkahire, waa consecrated by the Lord 
Bishop of Ripon. It ia situated in the 
beautiful and romantic valley of Nether- 
dale, and is a neat Gothic structure, with 
a well-proportioned tower. It contains 
about 250 sittings, of which the greater 
part are free. The internal decorations 
have been executed under the direction of 
Mn. Yorke, of Beverley Hall. 

Dtc. 19. A new Gothic church, in 
Gordon-atreet, St. PoHcrat, waa conse- 
crated by the Bi.sbop of London. It is 
from the deaign of Mr. Sterrnson, archi- 
tect, and prorides accommodation for 
opwarda of 1,4U0 persons. 

Feb. 3. A handsome church at Bittern, 
Hampshire, was consecrated by the Lord 
Bishop of the diocese. It aunds on a 
■ite contiguous to Biatcm Park, given by 
John Mills, esq. 

Fti. 37- The chapel of the Holy Tri- 
nity, Bothampton, was consecrated by 
the Archbishop of Canterbury. It is in 
the early- English style of architecture, 
from the design of Mr. Kerrey. The ex- 
terior ia of the stone called Kentish rag, 
with the carved parts of Bath stone. The 
Interior has an open timber roof. A rose 
window at the east end ia richly coloured 
with fignrea (by Ilailes, of Newcastle), 
and the (even trefoil archea under it, 
which form a sort of altar screen, and are 
iupported by columua of Purbeck mar- 
ble, are richly adorned with scroll pat- 
terns, in vivid colours and gold, sur- 
mounting the Creed, Commandmenta, 
&c. in illuminated characters. The altar- 
carpet ia the general work of the ladies of 
Roebampton- The eUbarate stone font 
alao, at the west end, the gift of a lady, 
b a very ornamental feature of the chapel. 



March 13. The ceremony of conse- 
crating the new English and French Pro- 
teatont church, in St. Martin's-le-Grand, 
waa performed by the Rev. Messrs. 
Dangars and Maatin. This church, which 
originally stood in Tbreadneedle-atreet, 
waa founded in the year l.SSO by 



Edward VI. 



King 
; but, in the beginning of the 



year 1841, it was pulled down to make 
room for the contemplated improvementa 
consequent upon the reboildiog of tho 
new Royal Exchange. The cost of the 
re- erection baa been defrayed out of the 
funds granted to the church by the 
charter of King Edward VI. The new 
building is of an originul Gothic design, 
and capable of accommodating about 300 
persona. The altar-piece — a design bj 
Fogo, representing Joseph of Arimathea 
receiving the body of Christ — has been 
presented to the church by Mr. Moxbay, 
of the Universal Hall of Commerce; and 
it is understood that several French mer- 
chants resident in the metropolis have 
liberally contributed towarda the erection 
of the church. 

March 14. St. John's Church, at 
Keiijhtfy, Yorkshire, errctcd upon a site 
givi-ii by the Eurl ol Burlington, It baa 
been erected uixier thu superintendence 
of Mr- Itnu'storne, at an expense of about 
20(K)/., uiid is i-apxble of accommodating 
im persons, oi which 3J4 arc free. 

Jpril 6. The church at Merrow in 
Surrey, restored, enlarged, and beautified, 
was opened with Divine service. The 
Vcn. Archdeacon Wilberforce with a num- 
ber of the resident clergy attended. The 
building consists of two lofty aislea, the 
rafters of which are exposed in the olden 
style, and are of coloured oak. The 
soutliern aisle is unavoidably abridged in 
length by the Onalow family vault, which 
has not been disturbed, and the ancient 
Norman cotnmna and archea are also pre- 
served. A pointed arch diviJes the chan- 
cel and nave. There ia a small gallery at 
the west end with a beautifully designed 
window, and an east window of stained 
gloss. The pewing is wainscot, too low 
for the indulgence of indolence, or to 
spoil the architectural effect of the build- 
ing. The carved stone pulpit, with the 
stone work in the chancel, deserve* no- 
tice. The restoration, oi' nearly rebuild- 
ing of this church, reflccta great credit on 
the architect, Mr. llussey. 



77 



ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES. 



lOCIKTT ur AKTiaUARIKS, 

Jant I. Hudaoa Game;, cw}. y.P. 
KeQt7 Chtrlo Harford, etq. B.A. of 
CUKoD, iru elected « Fellow of Uie 8o> 
ci«tT. 

WtlUiua Cbelten. juD. ctq. commuui' 

9t|«d (ume accDuut ol the recent ditco- 

Tcrin Rmde io Blxckfriari (already pertly 

ootic^d in our Uft Number, p. 636). He 

hM obtJiioed a purtion of a Roman lepul- 

(ton*, commemorating ■ toldiec 

Criiui. a " (peculator'' of the 

or Au^u^Un Icgiun, witU part of 

are In bas-relief verjr much diiefaced. 

noQQiBicnt of another soldier of the 

tanx legion, named Vitius Marcionus, 

nt> f<<rotrt1j found near the tame spot by 

plier Wren, and is represented, 

ry badly, in Horsley, fltc, A 

tiutd '*ii toond in 1806 at the back of tbe 

AadoD Coffre House, Ludgate Hill. 

Mr. C also mentioned the discovery 

[ af a portion of the more ancitnt city wall, 

lU feci in thickness, which formerly ran 

I la iKia direction from Ludgate to the 

I Thame*, and was pulled down in 1380 to 

nail' fo monastery of Blackfriars, 

aim wall wan rebuilt, making 

a ri "•-' ■'■■ng the banks of 

tb« I .». 

Ji. irlsruhe, oom> 

>tcd ■ rubbing iroui Ihc brass plates 
prer the giavr of Robert Uallam, 
kop of Salisbury, in front uf the altu 
at tb« CatUrdrsI iif CnuBtsace. This 
..— ..>.. ..r ,1.., 1.-....1,.!, nijuion 

L.iuce io 
; his re- 
torn. was boned, as recorded iu an old 
Ofrmia ebrcuicle. attended by all the 
|Nat digitiUrics wbo were present at the 
■ffcrtncf, and with all the tlntc due to 

■ yfcrst tuehfif ■■ — bishop, under 

whiub title his <' rdiDal, which 

In l.iul ktlniii. ' iiiiy be pre- 

rcscnted 

» a cro- 

liJ iiiitrd. iMtbui ncanopy 

ivork, Uie "ho»ebi" or 

' am eai'h occupied by ■ 

Abore bin shnuUors 

• <! Prance and Bo«:land 

' ^Mrtarly, within ■ garter, alluding to bis 

"" of Clane'll''r nf th«f most noble 

t. Mid the 

impaling : 

I St was stair, I, ni'Mijin i,i,_- ,<ii,.ti,^ 

tna too iadiitSBCt to show them) ; around 

tka Utter is this ruottu. Mlaericordiam 

doauoi ill 

Tbt t- n exhibited a 

TtWcI luuiul iu IxsUbiI, ia ibapc 



Slti 
of I 



not very different to a modsrn oofl 
pot, and evidently intended to waraj 
liquids. It is raised on three legs, his Ci 
handle, a straight spout, and bad a lid. 
Round the centre are six shields, viz. 
1. three chevronels: S. defaced ; 3. afesaj 
between two chcvroncU : 4. three pallettf 
within a bordurc ; b. a fieur de lis ; (>■ • 
cross formee. Us height is about 10 
iocbcs, and its largest diameter i inches. 

The Rev. Richard Garaett, of 
British Museum, communicated an essaj 
on the eastern terminus of the Wa 
of Antonious. It turned priocipally 
points of etymology, the author sbowia 
that the name of Kinneil was io ht_ 
the same with the Celtic Cean-fhail, an4l 
signifying the wall's end. No remains i 
the wall have been uscertained eastwar( 
of that place, which confirms this etymo- 
logical testimony. 
The Society adjourned over Whitauntids, 

/line 15. Henry Hallam esq. V.P. 

C. Roach Smith, esq. P.S.A- commn. 
nicnted some drawings by Mons. de 
Rheims of Calais, of the paintings dis- 
covered in July 1840 on the walls and 
pillars of the church of St. Msry in tha 
town. There were two paintings of saint 
nnd another of the virgin and child ; tbea 
were surrounded with borders or frame 
of the armorial iusiguia of Thomas Wode- 
housc, with the inscription, Orate p. aia 
TAome IVoiiehoutt. the motto, lr jotrftj 
viENtiRA, a badge of a. ragged staff 
club, and these several varieties of achievo 
mcnta : 1. Axure, a fess quarterly sabh 
and or between three ragged stave 
bendwise or, A\'odehou8e; '2. the same 
impaling Gules, a chevron compon^c or 
and sable between three Hears de lis of 
the second ; 3. Woodhouse and the last 
qnarterly ; 4. Wodehouse impaling Or, a 
chevron sable between three wolfs (?) 
heads erased of the second, langued gules, 
the chevron charged with a mullet fa^j 
difference; i. Wodehouse quartering tb| 
last and the secoud coats ; (>. Wodehoua 
impaling Per fess azure and or a pa 
counterchanged, and three monkeys (?) 
of the second. 

Tin; Baron de Bode communicated aq 

acconut nf various antiquitica discovere 

in 194), in a tnmulut near Astmband 

fit P«rthia. They con 

i;oblet weighing .'<(> odl 

'- -••'• ■— ' 'o'l 

d] 

III „ . .r 

that sclf-immolation uf widows which 1< 
mentioned by Heroriului, and ii 1(111 
practiaed by tba Uiudoui, 



78 



Antiquarian Retearche*. 



[July. 



> 



A. J. Kcmpe, esq. F.S.A. extlbked the 
tburibulum or center of bronie, found at 
Kyo Gadel, in CarnisrtbeDshire, of whicb 
tome iccount, with a slight represcatation, 
wu given in our number for November 
Ust, p. 473. 

Tl>e meetings of the Society were then 
tdjourned to the 16th of NoTember. 



coTcred at Litlington, of teveral of nhiok i 
he exhibited drairinge. 



CAUBIIIDOE ANTIOrAHIAN SOCIETY. 

The anni»er»ary meeting of tbi« society 
W8« held at St. John'» Lodge, on Wednes- 
day. May S4. the Rev. William Webb, 
D.D. F.L.S. Master of CUre Hall, the 
Pretident, in the chair. 

The Secretory laid before the Society 
the report of its operations during the 
past year, from which it appeared that it 
was in a prosperous condition. The fol- 
lowing presents were received : a small 
um, found in digging for a road in Cot- 
tenbam fen, by A. W. Iratt, esq. Sidney 
college ; a small um. fouod within a 
larger one, filled with fragments of bone 
in the Twin-Barrow, Bincombe Down. 
Dorset, by the Rev. J. J. Smith ; a folio 
book of water-colour drawings, from 
Roman remsins in the collection of Mr. 
Inskip, Sbcffurd, Beds, by W. B. Gren- 
tide, esq. Trin. coll. : and several number 
of copies of an engraving of Romaa 
Antiquities, found at Unry Hill, near 
Ross, by Sir H. Drydcn, Bart. 

An interesting paper was then read by 
Professor Willis on an appropriate nomen- 
clature for tbr mouldings of Gothic 
architecture, contained in a note book of 
William of Worcester, preserved in the 
Library of Corpus Christi ; illustrated by 
reference to the door uf St. Stephen's 
and the great western entrance of St. 
Mary RtdclifTe, at Bristol. 

Sir H. Dryden read a paper on the 
discovery of a large number of skeletons 
near Marston St. Lawrence, iu Northamp- 
tonshire, in the years 1 84 1 -i. The paper 
was Illustrated by elaborate drawings of 
the urns, arms, and personal decorations 
found with them, which, with other 
evidence, shew the place to have been a 
burial ground of Komoiiiscd Britons. 

Professor Corrie commuuicated a valu- 
able pspcr on Ihe state of our universitica 
during the middle ages, especially with 
regard to the studies there pursued ; com- 
ueooiug with a brief sketch of their 
iuMilulion ami eailv hislnrv, and ilJus- 

trnt--' ..r„,.r... .,1 ll„,,l,,.w.,l 1 

of I 

rtquMitct fur uiiivcrsUjr «legreea at vitrioui, 

|ierinda. 

The R«v. T. Clack read • list of the 
TWluui Rguian antiquities lattly dii. 



OXrORD AIRMOLBAM SOCOTT. 

At a Meeting of this Society held Majf | 
•i9, an ancient dagger with a braMl 
handle, found at Tbornhaugh, Hunts, wall 
presented to the Museum by His Gracfrl 
the Duke of Bedford. 

The Secretary read a paper by Mr*j 
Duncan, containing an arcoant of varion 
inventions for flying, which have been at 
tempted from the earliest period down f 
Mr. Henson's patent, which wai re- 
gistered September the 2!tth, 1 84il. Dr. 
Buckland inferred the certainty of the 
failure of Mr. Henson's invention from 
the erroneous principles on whicb it ii 
founded. He said, that there was no 
provision for counteracting the violent 
currents of air which would be met with, 
and the only point which seemed to have 
been attended to by the inventor was the 
buoyancy of the machine when once 
atarted, but no adequate means had been 
provided to coanteract much greater dif- 
ficulties. 

Walter C. Trevelyan, c.*q. M.A. Univ. 
Coll. presented a crust of bread impressed 
with the stamp used in the administration 
of the boly communion in the Greek 
Church. It is affixed to the finer sort 
of wheateo bread, which is set before 
travellers, and was brought from the con- 
vent of Mcgsspclion in the M ' nc 
\>>A2. Mri Trevelyan then i 

veral water-colour drawings ji j- 

mains in Brittany and Normandy. Thry 
consisted of repreaentatious of Dobnen, 
Cromlechs, and Menhirs, from Dioan, 
DOl, Sarthe, Columbi^s in Calvados, &c. 
Mr. Trevelyan also read some lettert 
nfltten by John Willoughby, on under- 
graduate of Wadham College, to bis 
father, John Willoughby, esq. of Pryhcm- 
bury, Devon, of which the following is an 
alistract ; — After sundry dutiful exprea< 
siona and remarks on his father's adnce* 
that he should u ' 'id 

company, and Hi ii 

r..-.r„.._nl,,. 1. I,) 



ligcnt iu fvnling, ibikl 
fault, Ks he had "ent a 



il «%«• nut Ilia 
li*it#r a niiinth 

,i 

it 

. - . lU 

loth to 

»Ip3g»i 

■'m 

'111 

in-.n '.'I lour 

tid tayi, that, 



1843. J 



Antiquaricn Researches. 



79 



M for a toktn for his tutor, lie knowi 
I " DOtliiilfr mort; conTenient tfann a turkjr- 
I pie win be In l^ont." n-itfrl Wad. Coll. 
15 X ' r letter, April 

63, ' make him ti 

niiu,^. . I'lteil Drc. 30, 

1830. he received the 

cloth by . I I mentions that 

his battels lur the (juutrr will come to 
Al. \2t.; hl.0 chnmber.rent to I0<. : 
tutor, ^)>. : decrements, 4>. ^li. ; irr- 
vltor, !it. ; laundress, it. ; two pair of 
(, Sr. id. ; wood. I If. ; coals, 3*. 6il. ; 
band, 13(/. ; iboe-tie!>, \id. ; 
aag a bat, gd. ; and thj» that it. 
he wa« " enjoined to bei^tow in apples 
snd 9(i^r for my admittance to (he fires, 
witii ' ' ' ^'11 a custom in the 

Uoii :. " iis my money has 

■•*"»• slien'ed you," 
Iv for the trim- 

^ promised (o 
ptjrthe mercer" (whose bill is inclosed 
for W. lit. ad.) " at the next return of 
the carrier." He concludes thi»,and most 
of bis letters, with desiring that bis duty 

mis!:' '■ ■ iiibcred to his mother, his 

lOTi . and to Besse Taylor. In 

the: , dated June ;21, he accepts 

a permisnion to come into the country, 
amongst other reasons, in that, were he to 
atay in Oxford, he must make him a 
gown ; " besides, the bed that I have lain 
on ever tioce I have been in Oxford hud 
b«ca Mat for bjr its owner lost week," so 
he wai obliged to borrow a bed out of the 
town, until the Act, and if he stayed 
longer would have to provide another — he 
ulu for Ilia quarter's allowance, because 
he intends to make another summer suit, 
haring but one at that time that he can 
wear in the country : besides that, he 
waat< other things, and thinks the tutor 
u>d bursar will expect to be paid for the 

? Barter before he goes. A receipt from 
ohn Bariirt the canier, for K/. received 
of Johu Willoii^hby of Peyhembury. in 
DcTon, which he hinds hioiaclf and bis 
execut irs to repay nilhin ten days next 
following unto Mr. .lohn Willouxhby, in 
Wadhani College, in Oxford, Sept. .i, 
1630. A letter, dated Oxford, Sept. I, 
1605, wrUtr'i by ( lirislopher Trevelyan 
(of Exeter CoUcsi') tn his father, John 
Trevelyan, esq- of Ncillcromb, Somerset, 
ciret an account of the vi»it paid to the 
Voiveraity by James 1., on iIk :7 An^'ust, 
and how hevaseotertaineil el, 

presentf, «rnn'in». and • in 

aiti , ijatural and 

n)<" Majesty made 

I giiuui .le I'niversity, 

(itmudii mid true reli- 

(too. 111 - ■! shown great 

unmlng, «i alto in ttli iliapnting and nio> 



derating." Among the questions pro- 
posed for disputation were, (as shown in 
another paper,) in theology — " An sancti 
et ang«li cognoscunt cogitationes cor> 
diuni ?*' in medicine — " An mores nutri' 
cum a pnerulis cum Incte imbibantur ?" 
and — •' ,\n creber suSitus Nicotiaoc 
Exoticie sit tania salutaris?" in philoao* 
phia naturali — " An opera artis, poitit 
suriim conflari-" (Sec Nichols's Pro- 
greftes, &c. of King James I. vol. i. pp. 
.133, et neq.). In another letter, dated 
July 30, 1610, the same writer men- 
tions "our new Waddam College, whose 
first foundation-stone will be lajed on 
this next morning with aa much so- 
lemnity as the time will permit, being oi 
it is in the vacation, at what time the 
University is always barest and most 
stripl of her company, yet stored with a 
suflicient number, who are encouraged 
with as grctit means for study as at other 
times.'' 

[The originala of these letters ore pre- 
served, amongst many others, among the 
records of Sir John Trevelyan, Bart., at 
Nettlecombe in Sumersecahire.] 



NIIMICMATIC SOCIKTT. 

June 15. The Annual Meeting w&a 
held, Professor H. H. Wilson, President, 
in the Chair. 

The Report of Council on the state and 
prospects of the Society, was read. 

The loss of members by death is four, 
namely, C. Brooker, Esq., Robert Fox, 
Esq. F.S.A., J. Gage Rokewode, Esq. 
Dir. S.A., and B. Smith, Esq., and one 
honorory member, Capt. Hely, of Rome, 
Mr. Fox has been long known as the 
enlightened promoter of literary and 
scientific pursuits in the towns ofGod- 
manchester and Huntiagdon ; Mr. Gage 
Uokcwodc, for the amenity, liberality, 
and leal which he displayed as Director 
of the Society of Antiquiirics, ond for the 
patient research and extensive learning 
displayed in his antiquarian and topo- 
ginphical researches. 

I'lie Society has also lost three of its 
foreign associates, all eminently dis- 
tinguished for their labours in numismatic 
science, or in kindred branches of inquiry; 
they are Mons. Mionnet, Dr. Geseuios, 
and Chevalier P. O. Brimdsled. 

The name of Mionnet has been na- 
sociated with the numiimata of classical 
antiquity for nearly half a eentriry. He 
was born in 1770. His taste for on- 
misinalic investigationa developed itself 
even in bnyhnnd, and in early youth he 
became known to the chief collectots and 
nmnteurK of Paris ns a ouniisuiatisc of 
promise, full of induttry, zeal, and ac- 
qnirementt. The repatalioo he looo 



^^m esUbUahed gained him the notice of the 
^^B GoTernment of France, and he received 
^^> tn appointment in the Cabinet des M^-- 
' doillet. Ho commenced his public career 

on the Jth of May, 1795, and, by a 
lingular coincidence of dates, terminated 
his duties and his existence on the anni- 
Tersary of that day, in 1K42. At the 
time of his death, M. Mionnet held the 
office of " Conscrreteur adjoint du 
Cabinet des M^doilles et Antiques de 
la Bibtiotb^que du Roi." In bis TO- 
luminoua work, the " Description des 
MeJailles Antiques," he has embodied 
the observations and information of a lung 
and eminent numismatic life, and has 
collected from a variety of sources a vnjt 
mass of most important details. 

Dr. Gesrnius Is chiefly known on 
account of his critira) and philological 
jesearcbei, particularly those directed to 
the illustration of the Hebrew language. 
Yet he also directed his uncommon learn- 
ing and unwearied perseverance to a 
collateral branch of inquiry, in which 
numismatic science was an indispensable 
auxiliary, the determination of the Phoe- 
nician characters of laniruage. Accordingly 
in his celebrated work publisht^d at Leipdc , 
In IR.TT, " Scripturn: Linguieque Phue- 
niciiE Monumcnin," bis third book treats 
De Numis Phoeniciis, and he has given 
representations of a number of Phoenician 
coins and interpretations of their legends 
in Phoenician characters. Dr. Gesenius 
died at Halle in October last. In the Uni- 
Teraity of which city he had held the 
Profeasorahip of Hebrew for thirty-two 
jean. 

Of the Chevalier BrAndsted an ample 
memoir has been already placed before our 
readers in our Magazine for Aug. 18412, 
p. Sll. 

A more considerable decrease in the 
Dumbers of the Society has arisen from 
the many retirements during the year, 
amouuling to upwards of thirty. It 
Tvould appear that these were of a class 
from whom the Society had never received 
»ny support whatever, not even pecuniary 
kid. They were, in fact, but nominnlly 
members, and, as their names added 
nothing to the resources of the Society, 
to no detriment is suffered from their 
disappearance from its list. Most of them 
leem to have been elected in the infancy 
of the Society, or had been included among 
original Members from a misapprehension 
of tlifir intentions. The bad effectB of 
baving the list swelled by non-paying and 
non-effective Members, so fatal to the 
prosperity and existence of scientific 
(ooieties, was fortunately seen by the 
Council of the Numismatic Society before 
the evil had become irremediable, and 
energetic measures were adopted wiiicb 
10 



Antiquarian Researches. 



[July, 



have led to the best results ; >ome few of 
the defaulters paid, and the rest, on being 
pressed for arrears, retired from the 
Society. 

Severtd new Members and Anodatet 
have been elected. 

The receipts nf the year are 295/. 12». 3d, 
the disbursements 2-10/. 4«. t>d. leavint 
a balance in the bands of the Treasurer of 
nol. It. 6(/. ; but for the following year 
neither the one nor the other could be 
expected to be so considerable, yet the 
Treasurer's statement affords reasonable 
grounds for anticipating a much more 
healthy and prosperous condition of the 
funds than has existed since the institu- 
tion of the Society. 

The enumeration of the benefiuton of 
the Society is a subject of the most satis- 
factory contemplation, not merely from 
their valuable donations to the cabinetl 
and library of the Society, but also from 
their widely extended range, comprehend- 
ing not only various distingnished In- 
dividuals in this country, but, in a still 
greater proportion, the most eminent 
patrons and cultivators of numismatic 
science abroad. From Paris, Brnssels, 
Madrid, Rome, Florence, Vienna, Athena, 
and Petershurgh, and many other place* 
nn the continent, the Society has received 
the most flattering proofs that its exertions, 
however bumble and restricted, (unaided 
by the countenance and support of the 
Government, which in England is afforded 
to some other societies,) have been known 
and appreciated in the most favourable 
maoner throughout the whole of Europe. 

The result of the ballot being declared 
by the scrutineers, the Rev. G. C. 
Reuouard and Mr. Pfister, the followiuc 
were declared elected as Officers and 
Council for the year 1843-4: as Presi- 
dent, the Lord Albert Deoison Conyng- 
ham, F.S.A. ; as Vice-Presidents, Charles 
Frederick Barnwell, esq. F.R.S. F.S.A. ; 
Horace Haymsn Wilson, esq. F.R.S. 
M.R.A.S. ; as Treasurer, John B, Bergne, 
esq. ; as Secretaries, John Yonge Aker- 
man, esq. F.S.A, : Charles Roach Smith, 
esq, F.S.A. ; as Foreign Secretary, John 
Yonge Akerman, esq. P.S..\. ; aa Libra- 
rian, Hugh M'^elch Diamond, esq. F.S.A. ; 
as Members of the Council, Samnel 
Birch, esq. ; John Brumell, esq. ; the 
Hon, Theobald FiUwalter Butler: the 
Rev, Henry Christmas, M.A. F.R.S. 
F.S.A,; George Richard Corner, esq. 
F.S, A, i James Dodaley Cuff, esq, F.S.A. ! 
William Dehonaire Haggard, esq. F S.A. 
F.R.A.S. ; Edward Hawkins, esq. F.R.S. 
F.S.A. F, L.S.J Thomas Horsfield, esq. 
M.D. M.R.A.S. ; John Hitxtablc, esq.; 
John Lee, esq. LL.D. F R.S. F.S.A. 
V.P.R.A.& ; Be^jaoun Nightingale, crq. 



82 

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. 



PROCEEDINGS IN 



^^B Hoasc OP Commons, May 2i. 
BV- Mr. Hon moved ihe serond reading of 
^' the Roman Cati40Uc Oaths (Ireland) 
Bill, which WHS opposed by Sir li. inglii. 
The Jllornfy-Gtntral for 'Ireland, ihuik- 
inK the oatb bad an unfair tendency to 
delay tiie polling of voters at ibe elections, 
felt bonnd not to refuse bi« usent to the 
Bill. — The bill was read a tecond time. 

A/oy 2;5. Mr. Chritlie moved for leave 
to bring in a Bill to abolish certain Oaths 
>nd Subscriptions now required in the 
11 Universities or OxroaD and Cam- 
I BRIDGE, and to provide for the extension 

of education in these universities to per- 
sons not members of the Church of Enj^- 
land. After a debate the motion was 
negatived by 175 to lUl. 

May 29. Lord Eliot moved the second 
reading of the Iniui AaMs Bill. The 
reports of the connabulary force con. 
tallied evidence respecting the propen- 
sities of the Irish peasantry lo violence, 
and tbcir extreme iividily for jiossea- 
sion of arms, their attacks upon houses, 
and the late assassinations nhich bad lulcen 
place. — Mr. Shannon Crawford said that 
£ngUnd was herself the cause of the re- 
vival of the measure, by breaking all her 
promises of redress for Irish grievances. 
xle moved that it should be read a second 
time that day six months. Lord Clementt 
seconded the uniendment. — .Mr. Smith 
(ibe Attorney- General lor Ireland) said 
that the objects of Ihe present Repeal agi- 
tetors were, first, the total abolition of 
the tithe commutation rent-charge ; next, 
the extension of the purliameiilHry suf- 
frage to all sane male adults not convicted 
of a crime ; next, fixity of tenure — a 

Ehrasc meaning tbc transfer ol the whole 
inded property of Ireland from the land- 
lord to the tenant ; and with these were 
required vote by ballot, and one or two 
Other extreme propositions of the same 
class, Tbe measure provided by this Bill 
ksd been in existence with little inter- 
mission for almost a century, and its 
necessity was cogent. Tbe debate was 
continued during three nights, and on the 
morning of June 1st tbe Bill was read a 
•erond time, with a majorilv of 5!70 to 
105. 

June 2. Sir R. Peet moved tbe second 
reading of the Ca.vada Wheat Bill. — 
LiOrd Worthy proposed, as an amend- 
ment, that the Bill be read a second lime 
that day six months. After some dis- 
cussion, the House divided — for tbe 
■mendment, 109 ; sgninst it, 809. M»- 



PARLIAMENT. 

The Bill was then read a 



jority, 100. 
second time. 

June IS. Sir R. Peet moved an ad- 
dress to her Mujesty relative to tbe in- 
tended marriage of her Royal Highness 
the Pbincess Augusta Oi' Ca.msridgk 
to tlie Duke of Mecklenburgh Strelitz. 
11 r. Hume proposed to add, by way of 
nnicndment, u sentence inttmating that 
the House, in making provision for her 
Koynl Highness, would have regard to 
the present distress of tbe country. For 
the motion, 37C; for the amendment, 5'^; 
— mujority, 2H. The House having gone 
into committee. Sir 1(. Peel said, tbe 
custom appeared to have been that on the 
inarrisgc of a Princess her parent made 
provision for her during bis own life ; 
and he should therefore propose, not that 
any immediate sum should be voted, but 
Ibnt an the death ol the Duke of Cam- 
bridge B portion of his niinnily should be 
disposable by her ilHJesty for the benefit 
oi his royal daughter (I(irii)g her life ; the 
amount of which should he.S.OO(V. n year. 
— Mr. iVackimton moved, as an amend- 
ment, that the pruvixion should be '.J.OOOf. 
a year, to commence from the marriage. 
After some further conversation, tbe vote 
was postponed. — Before going into Com- 
mittee of Ways and Means, Lord Hovrick 
moved a Committee of the whole House, 
with a view la repeal the duty imposed 
last year upon the exportation of Coals. 
The ground on which the tux bad been 
put was that of revenue, and on that 
ground it had been a failure, having pro- 
duced only 88,tX)0/. Iri>m which was to be 
deducted the cost of collection, while the 
export tnide had suffered most seriously 

from the measure Mr. Gtodtlone op. 

posed tbe motion on the ground that tbe 
finances vvuuld not bear the loss of the 
revenue produced by the tax, which would 
nrobahlyamonnt to 112,000/ or III.OOO/. 
insteud of 83,000/.— The Hori^e divided. 
For the motion, 124; against it, 1H7; — 
minority, 63. 

June 13. Lord John RHUtll moved a 
Committee of the whole House, to con* 
sider the laws relating to the importation 
of Foreign Grain. Negatived by 244 
to 145. 

June 14. The consideration of tbe 
annuity to her Koyal Highness the Prin> 
cr»» ApGisTA Of Cambridge on her 
marriage was resumed. The Houst 
buving gone into C>immittee, tbe chairman 
(Mr. Greene) read the motion, that " ni) 
annuity of 3,000/. be settled upon her 



84 



Domtrtic Octurmcet. 



[July. 



be mored from Hyderabad at the bead of 

S.OOO men. Thi^ battle laMed for ihroe 

boiira; virtory at la«t drclarpd for the 

Brititb arioy ; cleren guna and nineteen 

•tandardi were taken ; abuut 1,000 of the 

ancinv nrrte killed, and 4,000 wounded. 

The foaa of the British amounted to 30 

titled and 2.31 wounded. Her Majeaty's 

t!nd, the only royal regiment at the 

■ttle, led the nltaek, and was gallantly 

Dpported by the Nntire troops. Tliia 

ctoty seals the fate of Scinde nnd Bc- 

chittan, which arc now finally an- 

1 to the Indian empire. Lord Kllen. 

oroiJUfh has upitointed Kovorn ' 1- 

ftrtort ut the principal pluo- 

' on both bunkt, add i> i.:;..,„ e 

oeasuref (o rernncile the p4-ople to Biiti>h 
domin'O'i. The Amocri. of Scinde ar- 
ived at Bombay on the 19th of April, 
There they were received with distitic- 
and »ent to rMide, under a guuni, at 
lalnbar-point Government Iluuoe. One 
i them, however, who bnd beeri impti- 
atcd in the murder of Captain Innes, 
us confined in Fort George. 
The intelligence from ASgbaniatan is 



of little importance, Akbar Khan waa 
still at the head of the goTernmenc, but 
bit popularity bad greatly dccrenaed, 

aCRVIA. 

The Servians have made their full tub. 
raitaion to the Ottoman Government, 
and are prepared to accede in all things to 
the command of the Sultan. 

riin.irri>iG itLAXua. 
On the ^Ut of January the capital of 
the Phillippines, wu* the theatre of • 
horrible event. A part of the 3rd b*t> 
talion ot the line rjuarlered at Malata re> 
volled. Some of them were mountin)|[ 
guard at the Kort of Saiitin^u, uccordinff 
to the custom of the corps of the garri- 
son, when at daylight they were rein* 
forced furtively by other aoldiers of their 
corps, who sallied out of their quarters, 
after having killed their captain and k 
lieutenant, and inlrodiicrd themselvca 
into the fort by scaling the «iill«. On 
the 5(h of Febnisr)' upwards ol HO of the 
rcliels were sentenced lo die the death of 
traitors ; il were eseculed on the 9lh of 
February, and the others on tbe I lib. 



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 



June 1. Tbe anniversary of the me- 
morable victory of Lord Howe was chosen 
for laying the foundation ^tone of the 
new edifice at Counter Hill, Deptford, 
for the Royal Naval School, provisionally 
opened at Cambenvell in 1833. The 
leereinony «»s pirformed by H.R. H. 
IPiincc Mhcrt, uttfiided liy the Earl of 
lladdiiigtuii, the liishop of Rochetter, 
^dm. Sir Charles Ogle, who is President 
Fof the institution, and a vast conrourse of 
naval officers and others. The mallet 
used by his Roj-al Highness bears this 
Linscription, "'Relic of the Victory, HH 
Ieuiis, in which Nelson fell 21 st of Uc- 

flober. 19()j. Fn...i ....i . >. 

[to do his duly 
bcnse." The im 

In a ()uadinnt;iilui K>iiii,<.jr the uceuuimu* 
Idation ot 400 |>U|>lls. One hnlf ol it has 
[been crtiiirHtied tor.' ' -f)n the 

Itamv lUy n i'»iccv i ! in the 

'Pti'.l Hull :i H:, :.,ll,l .,1 



tippoaed 



of whom were unable to make ibeir w*f 
into the Hall. 

June 2. The Queen's second daughter 
was christened in tbe new Cbapel at 
Burkiiii;hnm i'uluce by the names of 
Alice Maud -Miiry. 'X'he sponsors were, 
the King of Hanover, repiesented by th« 
Puke ol Cambridge i the Hereditary 

rr> .1 ^i<».' r',.t.,,.,. ,,nd Gotha, repre- 

>.. . Grand Duke of | 

.^| , the Princess of I 

Hulx'iiluiie jL^aiigriiburg represented by I 
the Duchess of Keiit ; nnd the Princes* ( 
Sophia Alalilda, in person. The Queen i 
Dowager, the Crown Prince of Wurtein- 



attpiHii'ii iiv ill Mn' |p';.ii i.iiii.-cr". ni tn»j 
household and tbe cabinet, were nlao] 
t.i, .,.ti». 

I he same allcnionn the King 
■ rr urrived in London, in ii >teame 
tioin ijalain, it |. • fin 

visit to this counti .on. 




8ft 



PROMOTIONS, PREFERMENTS, &c. 



Ml) I InKM. 



imiiilt-rR.V t.lwf. fiovrrnorrf HrTMn]r«tTr'» 

■nor 



ut 

')•» 

'In 

■ r; 

I ■•oU 

Juliii Ulakisluu. il?L Fuul; Mid rBtrick .\Uit- 

Und, Slsl (oot, ta be Majon in lUe Army. 



ECCLI.SIASTICAL PnKrtRMrNTS. 
Tli» Very Rev. Dr. Viynolei.to the Deanery of 

Os»ory. 
Re*. H V. TiKlw, to be Dean of the Cbipol 

KfivftI, Oublio. 

■ n X. Baker, SouthiU V. with Old 

,M»i, St. .Saviour*! PC. Soothwark. 
nr\ 1,. iiii'iihiroD, Little CoBtesV. Linrsh. 
Rev. C. S. Bird, Gainiboruugb V. and Preb, 
i.itio 

■ ' Colllnson, Swanbnme V. Bucks. 

lier, at. Audrew the Great R. Cam- 



i«(o, jXrF.il- 



Urqiie»i nf Bute eleefed 
til- Hon F It V. Me- 



Kfl -.1.1' 

Her. J. i; 
Kev. J. I-.. 
Rev. W. I 
lUv. W.(. 
Rev. J. fi. 
Rev. Mr i 
Revf, < 
R«v.J. II . 
Rev. J. I. 
Rev G. 1 
llev. 0. I 
Holyl. 
lUv W. I 
Rrv. ('. I 



Rev. r.ii- 
II..I () I 



■i.ii' 1 , Lit'TiO 

I nnchton. e«»( 



» JiiiriiujK", 
I.tfUt n( 



Kc\. U 
Rev. I>. I 



" ' '■ '''-rnwnll. 
Il»th. 
h K Linctb. 

M»h. 

iibsh. 
. '[Ml limb. 
tr V.SoDub, 

II R. Devon. 

■ R. i.iloii«h. 

>v Church of the 
I,. 

1 . Oiford. 
iiity Chapel P.C. 

I. Uanfrothcn R. Merioncthsb, 
Mill. flra«tnl R. Kent. 

>hire 
I.e. Oxfilu 

HfllUl.ill K. Lyf'lCiill. 

Jouei.SI. 'I'taamas P.C. Prcs- 

' " *.' I'thunptb. 

Dcnbviih. 

.ivaite P.C. 

ilenliaiu R. Unrxh. 
. W il^)ll P.C. auinih. 
I'aeh R. Canil). 
[in'ooil, Terrinftou St. 

iftiii, ^1, .laiuei's, Knisworth P.C. 

- Wfntotiy, Fartlilni«lJ>ne R N'p'ah. 
r ion, OillinK V Vorkshire. 
. Somem To»ii r.V. Waiub- 

-tn I'l the New 

...rlbulooirn** P.C. 



[>i 



B«T. K. Wwd, St. Septtlchra V. 



Jmt «. Hear) tiv« 4 Si*gno, tvi. vto- 



^'99 Births and 


! Marriage*. iJuly0 1 


Chaplains. 


eon. At Wiltnn-rres. the lady of TbomAi J 


RcT. T. B. Clukaon, to thr \V;tk«(i«l<l Asylum. 


M:' dau. ^^H 


Kcv, r. Hurvcy, to be RrsidcDt Cliaplaiii al 
.\iirwcrp. 
^^lUr. K. Uudall, 10 the Earl of St. Gcruialu. 


the Hon. Mrs. ^^M 

I'y i..lt,«-ir 11. At ^H 

D.i"!:--!!, Ill'' "ill- "f frifi. ^v iiiberii ^^H 


^■iSer. J.J. a«int, to Die Earl of .Vberic»v»niiv- 
^^■■ev. C. A. WUKinsoti, to the Kiug or Hanuvur. 


R N. a dan. 13. At II. Mon- ^H 


tuoulUshire, the nifr of rii < . evq, ^^H 
a dau. — -At \v "hire, ^H 


^^B Cmt PHF.rEKMr.NT8. 


the lady of R<>i i dau. ^H 
In Brook-- ite of ^^M 


^^■ev. J. T n.A. to lie Hcail Master of 


Sir Geo. Uakcr, Uirt. a bun and hcir. ^^H 


^^^t^tUe 1 .mar Si-hool. 




^■tcv. >' mU. H.A. to be II<Mi) Mas- 

^^K trr or A'l.Ii.'iii >;r;imin.ir:<chool, Clicshlre. 


MARRIAGES. ^H 


^^■cv. C. A. John^, to lie Head Master of Hels- 


y>iit i. At New Town, Sidney, William ^^H 


^l^^ton Granimnr School. 


Hulino MTills, ciii. of that |il«re, son nf the ^^| 
of the late John Will- • - ' Com- ^H 


I Rer. C. F. S. WeiJemaiin, U.A- to Xx Princi- 


pal of the Hoiidersficld Collegiate School. 


mons. to the only il RS ^^B 

31. In the Tarka. I . .luhn ^^1 

O'Connor, est), of li >-<>riimia- ^^H 


^^^^ 


^Mf BIRTHS. 


aariat, to Miss Jaoni : ileiidon. ^^M 


^^fUareli 18. At Kaodv, Ceylon, the wife of 
^^■the Hon. P. Anitruthe'r, loloni^' '^ ■' ■ 'I'l 


March 21. AlUli.i il. F. Fan. ^H 


Shane, 18th N. 1. t,> ..iiumi-. anntiiiie-Cliar- ^^H 


M. Al Erie .Monnt, Upju'r ' 


Inite. dau. of the late Ljent.-i;ol. Hugh ^^H 


Dalrymnle t-'rawfurcl, a son. 'J 

^^wijldiii, the wife >ift tie Hon. John hi ^i -.n. 


^VroIle«lev, of the BennI Inf. ^H 


SS. At Futiy^hor, <'-- ■ 'ins Abbott, ^^M 


^^i.^pril 7. At Gvah, India, the «ite of the 


C.B. Bengal Art. II .mp to the ^H 


^^Hon. Edmund Urunimond. a d.iu. 23. The 


Gnv.-fren. to i^phia-I of the late ^^H 


^^Kdr of Henry Wilnon, caq. of Stowlanglun 
^^Bftll, SiifTulk, a dau. 


Capt. John Gantin, h. „ • r.?lli Keict ^^H 


Tlie Rev, U. Buake. Hrincipnl of Culiinibo ^^H 


^^F^fni/ 13. In Cnruin-at. the wife of Francit 


Acadeniv. C*vlon, to Marv-Kallinrinp, eldebt ^^H 
dau. nf Licut.'-f ' "^'Ifonl, ^H 


^^Bawkin^, M.P. a !.on. 15. At Dresden, the 


^^Kdy of the Hon. Jnrnr* ilatlen, a dau. Ifi. 

^^Ht Hathenston, the wifeorCapl S r Dnrret, 


Henry Dyult ' laka. ^H 
Turrev. |<«1s : ai. of ^^H 


^^K-N..adau. At '' 


" ,11, ^^^1 


^^Bn.ason. IC T 


- Rich, eM|. ^^H 


^^Hparrison,est]. of i: 


Rich, eai|. ^^M 
to Kli». ^H 


^^^^—17. In Ncw.!4t. 


^^Hary Hoare, a dau IS. At ; 


ry JarkiOB, Mq, ^^H 


^^Hjidv of Wtllian> M. ftyr)'>«,of ;: 


^H 


^^Ht^ ' 


"-iple-s. ^^M 


^Ki. 


Kev. ^H 


^^HBIlin ■ a~i 


I'ta, ^^B 


^^Kou, a aun 2} 


iliott ^H 


^^^Brdshire, the ivifr 


<ath. ^H 


^H^'OU K. At ^^ 


> HM'^i dau, ^^H 


^^■grrey, the Udy or I 


^^H 


^H*<'U 37' >< 


naud. e«ii. Benxal ^^H 


^■rc. E 


. iiv.-.ii-. Ml 1.141,1 hon. the (tiiv.Gen. ^^H 


^■calh. the 


dau. of .Major-Genrral Sir Joha ^^H 


^^W. Droti. 


^H 


^^^HSi — 


New- ^H 


^^K, lite wire 


iiiitb, ^H 


^■r^. — UO.llie^i 


dau. ^H 


^^HnAOaii. I't ileathcrtun i...i<. 


->i»-rt ^H 


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CJniy. 



^athertiie, : 

' >rilltAI ■ Hf 4 , II .-ItMl II. Ml I I . ,>1 . 

Ilvi(l4'ra. to Mnry Jane Norlirun, voiinic- 

Jl. of (tie latf Jnlin fUllett, f^q. K.N. 

^t StJunton. ' ' -■- ■>n Caw, esq. 

Dn>uk-st. ; to BitrbArft. 

^au. of I- ihir»i. <»«q. of 

-Tilt- i>:ir'Mi iia '■ — '" " T!- 

Olinf Wtllic-lminf, 

Br. Jf'hn Chriflliin .> 

* " 'lie Isle «f ^ I"* 

' ton-lionharn ' 

,,m. of thr I • 1 

|(|. MI ."^iMrriorTHf, P 

fC. Hilli, e5<4. of -Si 
"^le Auj^iutA, *itn 
'st ev|. of I ' 
Dfcr, the II 
k of Lord A 

Dnrt diiti. ot ' 
Surrey. — 



31. 



for 

J*" 



J.Mh 



liohiU'l Heii< 
^HbfKiv. J. - 

on-on-thr'-Hrntlj, \% .irw>»ii, m t rtrdinir- 
tiliiiniia pldf!«t 'iflii. of John Henry Althftinty, 

»q. of !*niTih!;rr'i. 
2n. 1 : ; 
[Thori. 



ftu. 



. JOllM 

I snti of 
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e*-q. of 
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ii.( 

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A! fsdilinrl 1.11, .John Tlii'-t. r«t. 



bo ^i:r 



,(yi'.n MoriM, I'-'i of 



[}|0U< ' 

•di.. 

Dank.' 

ait tlbort Baker, c*(|. to Marit- 

Weldi, tiH)' 'Ji'i of Uiri. (!iill}n«, rMj. of Rrii- 

tf. At ^Milhnnipton. Alirlrpw S.ii»fif!rr«i. 

f I 



rhnman 



H. N. ^I'-'iltan, K^Tf^'T uf Rcarrby, I 
a, ilau. of titr (Alt iuuc Urro- 

Vltfli 



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89 



OBITUARY. 



sTEB. 

- 7iJd j-ear, 

: (ugu, Gflh 

fblh Earl 

t Mandc- 

Ttil*. uui Buwn iioiiUgu ol Kimbollon 

"rn Oct. «I, 1768. the 

■rge fourth Duke of 

■'■'•"■ ■•'•li'.t daufih- 

!«rt. Hi» 

■ iiiit Mun- 

dird oil tilt.' ;^'i4ii i'eb. ITT^: and 

b* (uccreded fai» father in the dukedom, 

wfailat itill under age, on the 8d Sept. 

ITM. 

In bin youthful years he wa« princi- 
pally ditnnguir-hrd aa • tirvl-raCe water- 
man on the I'hames. He was also Co- 
lonel uf the Hundngdonehirc militia, 
vUeii Imd been preriouiily commanded 
bt ■ 

! MtK appointed Governor of 

Ji ■• '•firinning of l^tJl?, and 

aa Guerrier frigate on 

tb. ;■. 

SubMoueutiy. lu Aug. 1827 be WM ap- 
Minted ro«tmiu>ter-(jeneral. He was 
Lord Lieutenant and Cuatos Rotuloi-um 
of iluntingdonsbirc for many yearf, but 
teti^ed, in i-..- ■-!■ of hi* indiffer- 
ent bcaltb, 111- en the Larl of 
Sandwich wo^ i his successor. 
By his death, a pension of 2,928/. rererts 
to the Crown, which be enjoyed on Ibe 
al) (.( the office of Collector of 
tl' He WDt a tt«unch Coii- 

»<• .ilitics, but took I"' 

p- aflkirv for many • 

kii'! Ibe lait three v 

obliged to repair to Italy for the winter, 

ia order to have the advantage ol a milder 

climate. 

_Uia Grace married, on tbv 7th Oct. 
1 liSdy Suaaa Gordon, third daughter 
i AlcJBUidct fourth Unke ol Gordon. 
I hf Ibat lady, who died on the Vitith 
Aqf. 1028, be had issue two sons and 
lix ihnitbtera : t . Lady Jane, who died 
in • r l9tb year ; 2. Lady Ell. 

t>< i>'d in 11119 to Colonel 

lu....- '■ " •' Mist Hon. 

Soiao ' idale, mar. 

lied ill , csenl and 

ci» i i'weeiidale, G«ver- 

f-' ■■ liHi « vprv nnmerous 

fni '<'fia ef 

V oi 

■ ' 1. njc .*n..»i .^I'uie vjcvi|j'e now 

T. Mau. Vol. XX. 



Duke of Manchester : 5. Lord William 
Francis MontBRU, who married in 1830 
Emily tliir-' ■' ■■ ■' •.•r of James Dupr^, 
esq. ; t). 1 nin- Frederics, mar* 

ried in Ih ' in buillie, esq.; 7. 

Lady Caroline- t^tharine, married in 
1838 to John Hales C<ilcraft, esq. M.P. 
for Wafelium ; and H. Lady Emuy, who 
died in ISal in her !;ist year. 

The pivseiit Duke is a Commander 
R.N. and wHsM.I*. lor Huntingdonshire 
from lH2fi to 18.17. He was born in 
I7f)9, Hiid married in 1822 Millicent, 
diiuf(hter and heir of the late General 
Hubert Bernard Sparrow, and niece to 
the £ur| of Gosford ; by whom he has 
issue William-Orogo now Lord Mande- 
rille, two other sons, and one daughter. 

Tub Earl or Covkntev. 
May lo. At Coventry House, Pica, 
dillr, aged i%, the Right Hon. George 
William Coventry, eighth Earl of Coven, 
try, CO. Wiirwick, nnd Viscount Dcerhurst, 
CO. Gloucester (10!I7), Lord Lieutenant 
and Custo!' Kotulorum of Worcestershire, 
■nd High Steward of Tewkesbury. 

His Lordkhip wua born Oct. 16, 1784, 
the eldest son of George-William the 
seventh Enrl, by his second wife Peggy, 
second daughter and coheiress of Sir 
Abraham Pitches, Bart. 

When Viscount Dcerhurst bis Lord- 
ship was a candidate for the representa- 
tion of Worcester at the gcnemi election 
ol lelS, but the former members main- 
tained their seats, the poll being 

Abraham Roborts, esq 1246 

Wm. Duff Gordon, esq 939 

Lord Deerburst B55 

In 161 B be was returned for that city, 
the contest terminating as follows: 

Lord Deerburst 1128 

T. H. H. Daviee;, esq l084 

Sir W. D. Gordon, Bart 874 

In 1820 he was rechosen without • 
poll, but in 1826 he retired from the re- 
presentation. He succeeded his father 
in the House of Peers March 36, 1831. 
Before the Municipal Reform Act bia 
Lordship was Recorder of Worcester ; 
and he was appointed Lord Lieutenant 
and CuttDS Rotiiloriim of Worcesterahii* 
in in-.i . 

Hia Lordship was twice married : first, 
on Ihr Ifiih .l«n. IKtW, to the Hon, 
Ei-1 ■ '•"•ir 

of bo 

died .»"ii. r., »D'v, t^t" "ue 

N 



i^riiii 



riiitilll 



J 



Orituary. — The Earl of Abergavenny.— Lord Forbes. [July, 



son, Oeorge-^^'illianl Viscount Dcpr- 
hurst, who died in 183H, liuving morried 
in 1^36 Harrict-Annc, dnirgbier of tbc 
late Sir Chnrlce Cockerell, Bart, and 
Dpice to Lord Nortbwick, by which lady 
(since dccrnsed in I84S) lie left issue one 
datigbtpr, and one son George William 
born in 1838, wlio hns now succeeded bis 
grandfather as Eurl of Coventry. 

The Ute Earl married secondly, in 
Scotland, June 32, and in England, Nor. 
6, 1811, Lady Mary Beauclerk, only 
daughter of Aubrey 6tb Duke of >St. 
Alan's. By that lady, who survives him , 
lie had issue one daughter and two sons : 
Lady Mary Augusta, murried in l>i33 to 
the Hon. Henry Fox, younger son of tbe 
late Lord Holland ; a son who died an 
infant in 1813; and the Hon. Henry 
Amelius Coventry, who married in 1837 
Caroline, daughter of James Dundns, 
esq. and ncice to the Earl of Camper- 
down, by whom he has iuue a daughter 
born in 1838. 

Tbe Will of the late Eail \i dated in 
1835, with a codicil annexed in I83C. 
Lady Augusta Cotton, lady of Major- 
Gen. Sir Willoughby Cotton, G.C.B., 
and Lady Georgiana Barnes, sisters of 
tbe late Eail, have legacies of 20,(KI0/., 
and with the Hon. Wro. John Coventry, 
who ia left tbe same sum, are appointed 
residuary legatees. The Littleton and 
Sandford estates, wnth 30,000/. in money, 
are left to the .Messrs. Williams, His 
late lordship's executors are Sir Anthony 
Lechmere and the late J. Crane, Esq. 

TllF. EikBt. OF AlKRGAVES'NY. 

Uarch S7. At Eridge Casile, Sussex, 
•ged 88, the Right Hon. Henry NoviH, 
lecond Earl of Abcrgnvcnny, Viscount 
Nevill (1784,) nnd Baron of Aberga- 
venny (1392) and K. T. 

His Lordship was bom in the parish 
of St. George's Hanover-square, Feb. Hi, 
1755, the elder son ol George the first 
Eurl, by Henrietta, daughter of Thomas 
Felham, esq. sister to I bomas Hri-t Earl 
Chirbesier, and widow of the Hon. 
Licbard Teni|ilc, third son of Henry first 
discount Palniviston. 

At the general election of 1784 Vis- 

unt Nevill was returned to Parliament 
Seaford. and i' ' 

lied his scat by 

..lr.,.l. I t.,r rl.. 



hllowuig year, hi* nUL-cced«Hl in the 
ge. His politics wcrti Whig, but of 
> be had turvvr mixed in public 
(•nd indeed had lived iu grral re- 

lu Lordship wm Rrcoriln «f Uar- 



wich, and for many years held the office 
of Patent Inspector of Prosecutions at 
tbc Custom House, for the loss of which 
office be enjoyed a pension of 1 ,640/. 

The E«rl married, on the 3d Oct. 
17H1, Mary, only child and heiress of 
John Robinson, of Sion Hill, Middlesex, 
esq. for many years Secretary to the 
Treasury. By this lady, who was buried 
St Islewortb, 2:;nd Oct. 179G, he had 
issue Lady ^lory; Catharine, married in 
1803 to Thomas Myers, esq., and died 
in 1807 ; Henr)' George \'iscouiit Nevill, 
who died unmarried, 18nG ; Kalpli Vis- 
count Nevill, who married Mary Anne 
daughter of Bruce Elcuck, esq. and died 
without iinuo 1826; Lady Henrietta, who 
died unmarried, 18?7 ; the Hcv. John 
Nevill. now Earl of Aberigavenny, born 
17^!^but unmnnii>d: and tbe Hon. Rev. 
Williiim Nevill, Vicar of Front and Bir- 
ling. Knit, inairicU 7lh Sept. \fi24, to 
Corolinc, daughter of the lute RHlpb 
Leeke, of Langfoid Hall, Salop, esq, by 
whom be has seveial children. Tbe pre- 
sent Earl is unmaiiied. 

The remains of the late Earl were de- 
posited on the 4th April in the family 
vault, under the church, nt East Orinstead, 
in Sussex. The I'uiienil service was con- 
ducted by tbe Kev. Robert Greani, Vicar 
of Rothcrticld, and domestic chaplain of 
tbe deceased ; and the principal moum- 
rr« were tbe present Earl, tbe Hon. and 
Kev. Wm. Nevill, Hon. Reginald Ne. 
vill, Sir Anson Burncy, Rev, Robert 
Gieara, D, Rowland, esq. Dr. Thomp- 
•on, J. Har;gravcs, esq. andR.Gream, esq. 



LoBO FOBIES. 

J>/ay 4v At Bregeny, on the Lake of 
Constance, aged 78, the Right Hon. 
James Ochanciir Forln's, •pventcentb 
Lord Forbes, and Premier Buron cif 
Scotland, n Representative Peer of that 
kingdom, a Baronet of Nova Scotia, ■ 
General in tbc aiiny. Colonel of the 81st 
Foot, and Knight ol tbc Sicilian order of 
St. Januuriiia. 

He was born iin il" "■'■ M-^i- '765, 
tbc eldest son ol nib 

Lord Forbes, by Cii i^^ liter 

ol Sir Robi'It limes, llntl. He «is for 
twrnly-sit yesri" an oflSror in the Cold- 

■ Iiich 
iiicy 



tb« 
.of 
ihv 

(-n. 



Vurk in Fliuirlcr-c, •> 
battle of Famars, tl' 
ariines, and i 
portaiicc. A I 

in August in il.. -u..,. ,.«.. .■. — ivt.v.,v,i 
to tbr (^iptILl^•Llrutrmncf, «rltb ib« 



J«.j 



OiiTVJittt.^—Lord Filsgerald and Vetey. 



of Coluiv 

1799 L 

grtaadici 



'■- -' ' •-■ ' '.I— 1. «caiit by the 
b ' ; and ill October 

he . I My, by the dcHth 

of Liciil.-Col. Bid, who WM killed at 
l>ankirk, «nd ho oblnincH the brevet rank 
.1 of Mky, I7Wi. la 
then cuinmuiiding (he 
^,j,,,,.„.,y of the Coldslream 
■crornpunied the force under 
Sit Ralph Ahcrcroniby, destined to at- 
tack the Holder ; and was present in 
CTcry action but one which took place in 
that country during that short but active 
eatnpaifrn. 

"V- ■'<>''■ '^f April, 1902, Lord Forbes 
rr <nk of Mujur- General ; end 

in year he was placed on the 

ittS in command of the troops stationed 
at Ashford, in Kent, where he remained 
two yean, and was then removed to the 
■■are important charge of the garrison at 
Vortr, where he continued three years, 
occasionally commanding in the Kent 
district in Ibe absence of Sir David L>un- 
d*a aiul of Lord Ludlow. 

On the appointment of Sir John 
Stuart ill 18IJH to be Commandur of (he 
Forres in the Alediterraneallf Lord 
Forbes was named second in command 
of that army, (then consisting of 17,000 
mrn, wltirh WHS afterwards increased to 
all' and accordingly proceeded 

in It of that year to Sicily, 

where. 4UUII nfter his arrival, he received 
the rank of Lieut.- General the 23lh of 

i remained three years and 

ah rountry, and was recalled 

borne ^Mjun alter the discomfiture of the 
■ttetopt ot invasion by the enemy under 
Oencral Mura(,) in consequence of (he 
resiftnation ol 8ir John Stuur(, and the 
appointment of Lord William Beiitinck 
to (he cninmand of the army in Sicily. 
On his return to England Lord Forbes 
was placed on the staff in Ireland, in 
Kimmand of (he Cork distric(. in which 
ha remained four yettr», and wa<i (hen 
removed (o Dublin in command of (he 
Mstcrn district, nheie be remained three 
Jnoars, and, on his proinolion (o the rank 
of General, the l^th o[ August, 181,9, 
was removed from (be s(aff of Ir<>laiid. 
His Lordship wn« appnin(ed Colonel of 
■ !i in IHOO. and 
ind ol ibc 9Uh 



U 
Wa 
trr 

tr, 
hiv 

Fr 

; 
on I 
and 



li' , 



i! of (be 64^tb 
iiid to (hat of 
or Royal Scota 

I to the peerage 

i . July 29, leOi, 

I iiitalive Peer of 



Elizabeth, eldest daughter and heir of 
Walter Hunter, of Polmond, co. Peebles, 
and Crailing, co. Roxburgh, esq. by Lady 
Caroline Mackenzie, fourth daughter of 
George Earl of Cromarty, and by that 
lady, who died Oct. II, IKJO, he had issue 
six sons and six dtugh(ers : I. (be Hon. 
Cnroline-Elizal>e(h, married in 1818 to 
George Fairholme, esq. ; 2. Lieut.. CoL 
the lion. James Forbes, who died un- 
married Feb. 25, 1B3J; 3. the Right 
Hon. Wolter, now L/ord Forbes ; 4k the 
Hon. Catharine, whodied in 1B()8. inher 
9th year; 5. the Hon. Charlotte- Eliza- 
beth, married in 182.1 to Sir John Foibes, 
Bart ; 6. (he Hon. Frederick Forbes, who 
died in 1820, aged 23; 7. the Hon. Wil- 
liam, wbo^died an infant in 1805; 8. the 
Hon, John Forbes, a Lieut, in (he 29th 
Foot, wbo died in 18.36, in bis 29tb year ; 
9. the Hon. Robert Forbes, in the Hon. 
East India Company's Civil Service, who 
married in 1828 Frances- Dorothy, second 
daughter of Thomas Law Hodges, esq. 
M.P. for West Kent, and has issue j 
lu. the Hon Mary-S(uart, married in 
1839 »o Charles Benjamin Lee. es<j. ; 11. 
the Hon. Elizabeth-Jane; and li. the 
Isabella-Orummond, married in 1839 to 
Baron Ernest dc Poelnilz, of the court 
of (he Duke of Saxe (oburg Gotba. 

The present Lord Forbes was born in 
1798, and married in 1825 Horatia, 
seventh daughter of Sir John Gregory 
Shaw, Bar(. by the Hon. Tbeortosia 
Margaret Monson, and has issue four 
sons and one daughter. 



li. 



i>i at Cnlling, June 2, 1798, 



Lord F(tzgera(.d and Vesev, 
May 11. In Belgrave-souare, (he 
Right Hon. William Vesey Fitzgerald, 
Baron Fitzgerald and Vesey, of Clare 
and Incbicronan, co. Clare, in the peerage 
of Ireland, Baron Fitzgerald of Desmond 
and Clangibbon, co. Cork, in the peerage 
of the Uni(ed Kingdom; a Privy Coun. 
cillor. President of the Board of Control, 
Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum 
ol the county of Clare, Colonel of the 
Clare Militia, a Trustee of the Bri(isli 
Museum, President of tbe Instifute of 
Irish Architects, M.R.I A. and F.S.A. 
His lordship was tbe eldest son of tbe 
Right Hon. James Fiizgerald, Prime 
Serjeant of Ireland, wbo died Jan. 'JO, 
1»35 aged 93 (and of whom a memoir 
will be found in our vol. III. p. 316), by 
(be Riijht Hon, C-«th«rinc Lady Kid. 
geruld and Vesey, daiighier of tbe Rev. 
Henry Veny, who was a cousin of John 
firat I^hI Knopton, the granrlfK(hcr of 
the [1 ' ■ iiinr dc Vesci ((hry both 

Iwiii, of (he Most Kev. John 

Vesi,, ^ Viibbishop of Tuam, who 

died ill 1 71t»;. He entered the public i«r< 



9t 



OtiTVAUTi— Hon. IViniam Homtrd. 



CJ»>t. 



rice in 1909 u a Lord of the Treasury 

and fhry Councillor in Ireland ; waa in 

181? appointed a Lord of the Treaeury in 

Grrat Bntnin, a Privy Coancillor of the 

United Kingdom, and Chancellor of the 

Exchequer, and I'lrst Lord of the Trea- 

•ury in Ireland. In \SH) he went to 

l^tfweden aa Envoy Extraordinary and 

"linifter Plenipotentiary. In the same 

f^^ar and in 1^6 be reprcaented the county 

of Clare in the House of Commons ; he 

was elected for Lostwithiel in 1H30, and 

for Ennia in 1831. He wan Paymaster 

General of the Forces from 1836 to 182a, 

I in which year be was appointed President 

|«f the BoMrd of Trade, and Treasurer of 

i the Navy, which offices he held until 1 830. 

He atsnmed the additional name of 

Vesey before Fitzgerald by royal sign 

llnanual, March 16, Idlo, He succeeded 

■ to Ibe Irish peerage on the death of bis 

Inotber, Jan. 3, 183S, and received his 

' neeragcof the United Kingdom by patent 

t dated Jan. 1815. 

Ou the appointment by Sir Robert 
[feel of Lord Ellenborougb to (be Go- 
[Ternor- Generalship of India, Lord Fitz- 
gerald succeeded as President of the 
3osrd of Control. 
Lord Fingerald was unmarried. The 
I Hon. and Very Rev. Henry Vesey Fiti- 
Iferald, LL.D. the Dean of Kilmore, bis 
|l>ordsiiip'8 only brother, has succeeded to 
■the Irish peerage. The late Lord lias left 
l&is small estate near Limerick, of WOI. a 
' J«ar, to his brother ; the rents of bis es- 
tates in Clare and Galway to accumulate 
until the death of the present Lord, to 
whose beir, when he attains the age of 
81, be bequeaths the said accumulated 
Launi and estates; but, in failure of male 
l|ssue, the money and estates descend to 
libc eldest sons of bis sisters, the widows 
lof Sir Rosa Alabon and Baron Foster, 
>thc former the Galway, and ibe latter the 
j Clare estate. His Lordship's personal 
^property, exceeding l.'iO.OOUA be leaves 
to his two illegitimate children, one of 
whom is married to an eminent physician 
, in London. Ha also bequeaths 60001. to 
1>frs. llaron Foster. The principal exe. 
jcotor it his lute private secretary, son of 
(Mr. Cane, of Dawson. street, Dublin. 

The present t<ord is a wi'lowrr, bis 
l*rife, hiiiabclh. 
ico-beir o( the i 
fTlaviri'7'ii'""' ■■'■ ' - 
L. 

plish. 
Land iiiuUigciil Id uliiir. i 
■rer, been for many years u 
his delicate hri:' ' 
tm» maiii. 

nt. Y.; ... ...„ . ,^,, .„iv,.... 



ing speaker upon oceuiona ; less forrible 
than finished, and less declamatory than 
pointed. 

On tbe 80tb of May his mortal remaint 
were conveyed from Belgrave-squarc, 
for interment in the catacombs of tlia 
cemetery at Kensal-green. In the first 
mourning coach were Lord Fitzgerald aa 
chief mourner; Sir James Mabon, Dart. 
Hev. M. Mahon, and Mr. James Foster; 
in tbe second, — Mr, John Mabon, Sir 
Lucius O'Brien, Mr. Edu-ard Foster, 
and Mr. Woi. Fitzgerald ; in tbe third,— 
the Earl of Beverley, Earl of Clare, Right 
Hon. George Dawson, and Dr. Seymour; 
in the fonrtli, — Mr. J. L. Bicknell, Mr, 
E. Cane (eieculors of the deceased), 
Right Hon, Emerson Tenncnt, M. P. 
and Mr. T. Waterford; in the fifth, —Mr, 
DohcrtyandMr. E. Fitzgerald; and, in tb* 
sixth, — the principal domestics of tbe lat« 
lord. The rear of the mournful procea. 
sion was closed by the private carriages of | 
his Royal Higlmesa the Duke of Cam* 
bridge, the Duke of Wellington, Duka 
of Buccleucb, Marquess of Ely, Marquess 
of Tbomond, Marchioness of Westmeath, , 
Earl of Ripon, Earl of Haddington, Earl . 
of Clnrc, Earl of Beverley, Viscount , 
Beresford, Viscount Mabon, Lord Car< 
beiy. Lord Ernest Bruce, Viscountes* 
Dillon, Lody Monck, Mr. Baring, Hon, 
Colonel Dawson Darner, Right Hon. 
George Dawson, Sir Robert Peel, Sir 
Edward Knatchbull, Mr. Beresford Hope, 
Mrs. Cutf, Air. J. Cotton, &c. On tbe 
arrival of tbe solemn cavalcade at tbe 
cemetery, it n-as met by Sir Robert Peel 
and several other members of the Oe< 
binet, who had previoualy arrived to pcr> 
sonally offer the last mark of respect t» 
the memory of I beir departed friend an4 
colleague. 



HoM. William Howard. 

Jan. is. Aged Ki, the Hon. Williaa I 

Howard, brother to the Eail of OriialCf i 

the Duchess of Rutland, tbe dowaget I 

Lady Cawdor, tie. 

He was born on Christmas-day I78l| ! 
the second son of Frederick the fitth Karl 
of Carliale, by Lady Margaret- Carolina 
Levesun-Guwer, second daoBlltar of 
Grnrivillo fir«t Mirqneiw of StaOterd. 

"ctit for th* 
riections of | 
he was re. 
ilandshin. 



IM30 Sir G. O. P. Tmmtr, BarL'-^ir J. CofMI. Bart. 



9S 



, Omnoarr O. Paob Tvsi'ia, B««t. 

tmtki. At hu rcsuieocc to Gloa- 

'-piaee, Mtryltbone, Sir OroROty 

OttenM Pa((e>Turn»r, the fourth Ban. 
(ITU) of BaUlccfffl Pr.ric, Bcdfordihirc, 
■ad AmbtOfiit'.' ire. 

H««m bur 178&, ia Port- 

te^HplMV, Miiioi^ex, me eldcM ton of 
Sir Oncory Tamer, who aMaroed the 
man oTPage, and n-as M.P. for Thir«k 
((be ^nndaoo of Sir Edvrard, the first 
BaroMt, bjrMary, dauchier of Sir Gregory 
Page, of EUacl[b«aib),bj Frtnres.daugb- 
MT (rf Joaepb Howell, esq. of Elm, in 
NsHonC* 

At tke deotb of his father in ]a(X5 he 
■DOMcded to luided property entimated 
■kSMXXM. perann. and lundcd property 
mauat&iut to 310,000/. (see the father'* 
will in Oenl. Mag. March 180^ p. 8T8). 
Old Sir Uiegorj bad boarded 16,700 
(■kiMaa, wbicfa were found in bis aecre- 
latM, hm) be bad destroyed (he magnifi- 
ctac ftnily manaions at Ambrotden and 
Blaekbeath. The late Sir Gregory wat 
•darated fin! nt s Fchool at Greenford in 
H' >v. Mr. Hooker 

an H^euively, and 

afcerwarni> mini t wir tinvion of the Rer, 
Jobs Smith, at Eaton Bny, cf>. Bedford. 
From tbc lattrr plncr lie was removed to 
Harrow, and luUeuucMlly to the Ree. 
W. Han-itt's at UyHeet, in Surrey. In 
O' ' was entered of Dmsenote 

ri>. J, where he took (he de- 

nrr 111 .\i.i\. June 14, ISUO. nnd that ol 
U.C.L,. Jan. 17, 1818. In I8l0he served 
the office of sbenff for the county of 
Urdlord. 

Sit GrtgoryPage-Tumer was a general 
collector of pictures and curionities and 
enployed aniit* to make drnwiiiKs and 
eotlart mntcnaN iHustniirc of the history 
bl Bedfordshire. Oxfordshire, (ic. Thrxe 
acre diopersed by auction at C'briiitic'H, 
when be became weak in mind some yeara 
ainre. He patronized the publication of 
M 'iinlcjn's History itiid Antt- 

iji. ' Hundreds of BullltiKton 

V in Oxfordshire, In two 

al- :{, a very excellent work, of 

kl pies only were printed, aild 

hi: I tiiem lor sale. 

I (rre^ory piiWi'hed some 
111] ■ iicniy 

ol iind 

■ or. 
inw. 



ii/ 

till 



I in. 

Sir 

'lord 



tnvene, *<iiaia«d tbat be did not oppoas 
tbe gentientan »bo appeared before th« 
eonrt, but the Sir Gregory Pag«>> Turner 
againtt wliom the commission was iacoed 
in Oeecnber 18S3. The commiinan of 
lunacy was superseded in I X40, and, feeling 
extremely anxious to dn justice towartb 
bis creditors, be by will directed that each 
should be paid t«eiity jiars' interest on 
the sums remaining due to them. 

Sir Gregory Page-Turner married, 
April 28, 1818, Helen Elizabeth, only 
daughter of John Wolsey Bsylield, capt. 
in the 1st Surrey Militia. By that lady, 
who survives him, be had issue a son Gre. 
gory- Osborne, who died an infant in IK23, 
and a daughter, Helen Eluabetb, married 
in 1838 to the K«v. Charles Fryer, M.A. 

His remains were interred on the lith 
March in the family vault nt Bicester, 
attended by his brother and successor, 
Sir Edward George Tbomat Pagc-Tumcr, 
as chief mourner. 



Rear-Aum. SiaJostAit C0GI111.L, Bart. 
April. . . In bis 74th year, Kear> 
Adro. Sir Josiah Coghill Coghill, the 
third Bart, of Coghill Hall, co. York 
(1778). 

He was the younger son of Sir John 
the first Baronet by Maria, daughter of 
the Most Rev. Josiah Hart, U.U. Lord 
Archbishop of Tuam. lie retained bia 
paternal name of Cramer (that of Coghill 
DHving been assumed by his (nlher) until 
the 7(h June IB17, when, huTtng sue. 
ceeded to the baronetcy on tbe death of 
his elder brother on the 'iUt of the pre> 
ceding month, he took tbe name of Cog> 
hill only, by royal sign mnnual. 

He obtained post rank Feb. 1, 1806. 
and in that year commanded (be Concord 
frieate, on the Fust India utarion, flora 
nliem-e he returned to Kiiglumt in the 
autumn of 1807. During the Walchercn 
expedition he commanded the Diana fti. 
gate, and was highly sjioken of by Sit 
Richard J. Sttaclmn in hia t^ re« 

f lotting the nperatiuiia ol ' ler 

ii« orders. He at(ained (he lum ui i\<iir> 
Admiral Nov. 23, 1>'4I, 

Sir Joxmh married, Crat in 1B19, Mis* 
Dobson, by whom he bad issue a dangb* 
ter ; nnd «ee<.nilly, Jan. 27, IHly, Ann* 
Mini 1. T of I he Ht. Hon. 

Cbii c. Chief Juatiee of 

the ' '• ' ■ ' hy whom 

be t III Dec, 

181!< . i>um ia 

lisVO, wliu Ua> auroeriiril ti> ilii< tide • and 
Kendal Josiah William, burn In 1(UV. 



f , Uu couuMi wbo oppgted the 



Sik Francis Srirs, Bart. 
April 6. At Lennox Lodge, Hiyling 
lakud, aetd Vi, Sir Fcuwis S/kM, tha 



94 Sir P. Payne, Bart. —Sir R. JV. Vaughan, Bart.-'Oen. Kerr. [July, 



sc 
^^ c« 



third Bart, of Baaildon, Berka. (1781), 
M.A. 

He wii the elder eon of Sir Francis 
William Syket the second Bnronet, by 
Anne, eldest daughter of ibe Hon. Major 
Henniker, and niece to John second Lord 
Uenniker. He succeeded when a child 
to the title, on the death of bis father, 
March 7, 1804. He «■»» a member of 
St. John's college, Cambridge, where he 
received the honorary degree of M.A. in 
1819. 

He married in 18S1 Henrietta, eldest 
daughter of H. Villebois, esq., by whom 
be bai left iisue a son and heir, bom in 
18S8, another son bom in 1836, and a 
daughter born in 1830. 



Sib Petsb Paynf, Baht. 

Jan. S3. At Blunham House, Bed- 
fordshire, in his 82nd year. Sir Peter 
Payne, Bart, formerly M.P. for that 
county. 

Sir Charles Payne, of St. Cbristophcr'i, 
was created a Baronet in 1737; and his 
son, Sir Gillies, the second Baronet, died 
801. when, says Courtbope in his Ex- 
inct Baronetage, 1833, " the title be- 
came extinct. After a lapse of 27 years 
the title wns assumed by Peter Payne, 
esq. claiming to be a legitimate son of 
the last Baronet." Burke, in Peerage 
■tid Baronetage, states that Sir Peter 
" succeeded to the title in 1828, in con. 
aequence of a decree of the Court of 
Chancery, confirming a report, finding 
him the eldest son born in wedlock of his 
late father Sir Uillies Paviie, of Temps- 
ford, in Bedfordshire." This was in the 
cause Glascott r. Bridges. 

Sir Peter Payne was the intimate 
fiiend of Dr. Parr and Major Cartwrighl, 
and became bail for the latter when 
charged with sedition. 

At the period of the Reform enthu. 

(iasm in 1831 he became a Whig candi- 

date for the coimty of Bedford, and suc- 

leeded in ousting the former member 

Ir. Stuurt. the numbers being, for 

Mn r ■ '''•.vi.tock ...... II4d 

Sir ,• IB73 

Wu I, esq eeo 

lut in 163:; fac was defeated in turn, the 
suit of the poll twiiig. 

Lord C. J. F. Kusacll 1937 

William Stuart, esq 1371 



became a widower in 1840 ; 2. Robert 
Henley; and 3, the Rev. Petcr-Ssmuel 1 
Henry Payne, M.A. Fellow of UhIIioIi 
college, Oxford, who died June .30, 1841 s 
and lour daughters : 1 . Maria- Mary, mar* | 
ried to Joseph Webster, esq. of Pcnns, ia ' 
Warwickshire ; 2. Laura- Janet ;3. EUza< ' 
beth, married to Charles Bamett, esq. of I 
Stralton Park, Bedfordshire; aud 4.. 
Isabella-Emma. 

Sib Rob. Wiluamxs Vavobak, Babt.^ 

jtiiril 2?. At Nannaii, near Dolgelly, . 
aged7o. Sir Robert Wllliames Vnughan, 
the second Bart. of Nannau and Hengwrst, 
CO. .Merioneth (1791), for 44 years M.P. 
for that county. 

He was the eldest snn of Sir Robert '. 
Howell Vaughan the first Baronet, by < 
Anne daughter of Edward Williames, of jj 
Ystymcollwyn, esq., and succeeded hit 
father in the title in 17<J6. He had 
preiioiisly been returned to Parliument, 
in 1792, for the county of Merioneth, 
which be continued to represent, in ten i 
successive Parliaments, until the year I 
1830. 

He married in Sept. 1801, Anna.. 
Maria, daughter of Sir Roger Mosiyn, j 
Burl., nnd sister and coheiress to Sir] 
Tbom«8 Mostyn, of Mosiyn. eo. Hint, 
Bart, by whom he had issue Sir Robert. . 
Williames Vaugbnn, his successor, bora 
in 1803, and other children. 

The present Baronet married in I83S 
tbc elde!^t daughter of Edward Lloyd, 
esq. of Rhagntt. 



^trward, rf^q. i" 
"brae son» : I . < 



General J. M. Kedk. 

April I. At Maesmor heath, Wtlei, 
aged 74, General John Manners Kerr. 

General Kerr wos appointed Ensign in 
the 1 nth foot the 2 1st Feb. 1785, which 
be joined at Gibraltar, and there remained 
till the 24th Sept. 1787, when he was 
promoted to a Lieutenancy in the 4th 
battalion GUth foot; and the loth Nor. 
1790, to a coinpony. He served with 
his regiment in Barbndoes until the com. 

mrr I tlic war in 1793. whi'n ho 

jii I it to IheuttKck ol Tnlupo. 

Hl ; there in gwrinon, with tha 

exception of athort time at St. Vincent'f, 
until iip|'oiri><'d Moior the S!>(h June, 

I*''" InJie* 

Ul (let. 

-•lin 

nel. 

' ciid- 

bica. In Man-h liUti he rxcti«ii|rt<d into 

Ihr HVtid f"ot. the |.| Jnft. I«M wnn np. ' 



Kri.,1,1 «u t,i,iv(i,v. M/.l;., Iirill imiiM>iiit;. , 1 1: i ^'iiiiuiiiiii,':! iiii- i.iunijit 

nicer <>t Sir Rotwrt Salutbury, Baft, and uf Uteuada, Uuiuiiiica, B«rtad»«a, «a4 



I84!t.l Copt. Pmbtrton.--C. F. Palmer.-'k. L. GvaAhi. 



it 



Rr. ' •■ len lie 

rtti: '!'( of ill 

In .Vptcrobcr of tbe Utter yetr be vns 

1 tin the fVtir r' ■'-■ ^' nh West 
riit, milt bad r t of tbe 

Mtrffi t tntri- til find ItS 

nru till 

Jlin. . I to 

th« iUlT 111 Ireliiid. I'ii;.- ij:li Aliril, 
loot?, be rtceiTed tbe rank of Jt»jor- 
Genrral, uid on the '^Ib Sept. of ttut 
jne»r h« was removed from the lri*h stiff 
to thit of Colclieoter and Woodbruige ; 
and in June IfOO to the Su^^ex distncr. 
The S5lhof June, 18(0, he was appointed 
Cotonel of tbe late 5ih Royal Veteran 
hattaiioo. He attained the rank of 
liicat.-Gmcral in IKlJ, and that of 
OeiMsalUi IS30. 

C*IT. H. C. PcMntnTox, B.N. 

Ajml 2*» At Bmnipton, aged 51, 
H'- -i Pcmberton, e«q. Com- 

mit 

ii. of Dr. Christopher Robert 

Priv ' i'iiTfician cximordinary to 

K:> ■ '• IV. He icrved a» mid- 

I f Poraone frigate, Capt. 

ii ■ ' ; and wa": appointed acting 

L.icutrndrit of tbe I ' ". beating 

the flag of Sir W. ^ ', on the 

Medilerriinean ftation, i./ct zd. 1SI2. 
Hi< fir«l commission bore date Jan. ii, 
JIT .,r„i ;„ Aug. following be joined 
frigate, Capt. tbe Hon. 
n, in which ship be con- 
tinued (inul ihe waa paid ofT, Sept. i. 
1815. He was third Lieutenant of the 
Mindcn 71. C«pt. W. Patirson. at tbe 
battle of Alpers; after whitb be pro- 
ceeded in the •-"■•• '' ■" ' '• -'med to re- 
ceive the fljg • ' u) to the 
Elaat Indies ; returned 
bomr, acting (alituiii .i iht .Melville 7t. 
in Dec. 1817. Hr obiiim-d the rank of 
ComDuder, Jan. 20, 181^. 

lU married. Ang. 31, \Hii, Caroline. 
Ami'Aiigutta, daughter of Ibe late Capr. 
Kiion, a veteran army officer, 



C. FviiiE Paljiiui, Esa. 
Jm.lh. At I.mlilcy House. Wok- 
inf Palmer, c»q. 

PMnrrt-inrfc or Mr, i'nlmct hftd bocn 
. Wokingham fur a convidtiable 

'H.- frLl irnr \r:v .. ^ ,.. n Con- 

8i,l re- 

(Ttm Shaw Lcfevrc, p«'i . . -VW 
. 379 
. 303 



Again in 1S2()— 

John Berkeley .Moiick. f*q. . 4 IS 

C. F. Palmer, esq 390 ^ 

John Wrjlaud, esq- 394 

In li^'^^e be trai defeated on tite poll, 

J. B. .MoDck. esq iW ^ 

G. Spence, e«]. . 192] 

C. F. Palmer, e»q. ttS i 

Edivard Wakefield, t^^. . . 399 

but on a petition he recorcred the teat 

from Mr. Spence. 

In lrt30 be atood another contest with 

success, being placed at tbe bead of the 

poU: 

C. F. Palmer, eeq 4» 

Cbvles Ruatell, etrj. 171 

Dr. Latlungtoo . . 152 

In I>t3l and 183.2 be waa returned 
W7thout oppoaition (with Mr. Rusaell) ; 
but ill 1^3 j be declined tbe conflict, when 
bif scat wa» successfully conteated on 
' "- Serjeant Tallourd. In 
'tn into Parliamenf, the 
^ both «.-»t», with tbe fol- 
lowing poll : 

Thos. N. Talfouid, etq. . . U6 
Chas. F. Palmer. e»q. . . . 457 
Charles Ruasell, esq. . . . 448 

la lBi4l the tables were reversed, and 
both ecol" were obtained by the Tories, 
but Mr. Palmer did not then take part in 
the contest. 

Mr. Palmer married Nov. 23, 1805, 
Lady Madrlina, widow of Sir Robert Sin- 
clair, Bart.of Stevenston.co. Haddington, 
mother of tbe present Sir John Gordon 
:>incl»ir, Bart. Capt. R.N. second daugh- 
ter of Alexander fourth Duke of Gordon, 
and sister to the Duchess dowager of 
Richmond, the late Duchess of Manches- 
ter, tbe Marchioness dowager ( 'umwalli*, 
and the Duchess dowager of Bedford. 

ROHCKT LoVEtl GWATKIM, EsQ. 

April «7. In hU 8>7th year, Robert 
Lovell Gwalkin, esq. M.A. 

He waa educated at St. John's college, 
Cambridge, where he resided as a Fellow 
Commoner, and vras cUssed as 13th 
Wrangler in tbe examination for tbe de- 
gree of B.A. in tbe year 1778. He WM 
shortly aftenvards complimented with the 
honorary degree of M.A. upon tbe re. 
commendation of bis college. ^^ hilst at 
the university ho was on terms ot fneud. 
ship with the c-' ■'"^•i- 'I Williimi Put; 
but, being alwav '■■ Reformer in 

poliucs, be .ti ^if'g his dis* 

tiiiguished • ' puWic life. Mr. 

Gwalkin : '■<••* Tbeophila Pal. 

mer, the nui-c ui on Joshua Reynold*, 
who aurvives him ; and resided for many 



96 



0. H. Carea, Bsq.—R. HurH, Esq.— J. AUen, Eiq. [Jnly, 



jean on his estate at Killiou, in Corn- 
wall, and finally at Plymouth. Hit ten 
closing yean, which he iipent in that town, 
bare riidcared hi« memory to all hit 
neighbours, both rich and poor, by the 
venerable example which he has afforded 
of the character of a Christian gentleman. 
Perhaps the most conspicuoui among his 
many estimable qualities were sincerity, 
the abaerice of all pride, and, in it« most 
inlaiiged sense, charity. He died in the 
full possession of oil bis faculties, the 
full exercise of every kindly sympathy, 
and the full enjoyment uf every gospel 
hope. There is a good engraving pub- 
lished of a portrait of Mr. Gwatkin by 
Lonsdale. 

We add the following extract from Mr. 
Dftvies Gilbert's History of Cornwall : 

" Killiowis now thespatof Mr. Robert 
liorell Uwatlcin, where he has built an 
•Iroott entirely new house, with extensive 

Sirden* and plantations, improved the 
nd, and made the whole into a handsome 
modem residence. 

" To this gentleman the parish is also 
mainly indebted for a removal of the 
church. Either cultivation began on the 
banks of the river, or « strong feeling of 
veneration was entertained for the spot 
where St. Kea landed from his granite 
trough ; butsoilliitppened that the church 
atood at one eiiremity ol the parish, and 
tbat by far the least populous. Mr. 
Gwalkin led the way, and contributed 
largely towards constructing a new church 
much nearer to the great mass of the 
inhabitants ; in this be was followed by 
other proprietors, and a s pncioiis church 
Is now in use for di^-ine service between 
Killiowand Nancesvallan. Prayers, with 
a sermon suited tu the occasion, were 
first given, after reading the lilsbop's 
licence, on the 3rd Oct. 1802, being the 

fcasten Sunduy. '■■ ■" "n-gation so large 

•a almost to i' liyard as well 

OS the church r I' is decorated 

by Mrs. Owalkin, niece of Sir Joshua 
Reynolds, with |>aintings which that great 
artist could not have failed to admirr. The 
tower alone remains to point out Ihewte 
of the former church." 



We had issue four ions and six daugh> 
ters. The former are Thomas George 
Warrington Carcw, esq. who has married 
tba only child of the late Thomas 
Clarke, esq. of Fumham House ; Hennr, 
who has married Jane-Maria, only child 
of John Rogers, esq. of Ayshford, near 
Sidmouth ; John-Francis, and Gerald. 
Of the daughters, Hester, the eldest, i* 
the wife of Gabriel Powell, esq, eldest 
son of the Rev. Thomas Powell, of 
Pcterstone Court, co. Brecon. 



GcoaoE HcKHY Cahew, Esq. 
Ott. 13. 1»18. .Kt bis wat, Crow- 
oombi* Court. Somerset, George Henry 
• place, and of Ctitvw 

M 

■tir 

br. 

dn . 

ifl < '.Tli J C'LUCS 



Robert Hurst, E«a. 

April 13. At Horsham Park, Sunei, 
in bis 93d year, Robert HursI, esq. ■ 
bencher of the Middle Temple, formerly 
M.P. for Horsham. 

Mr, Hurst was called to the bar by the 
Hon, Society of the Middle Teopla, 
Nov. 87, 1776. 

He purchased Horsham Park about 
the year 1830 of Edmund Smith, eM]. At 
the general election of 1&02 he wa« re- 
turned to Parliament (on the Duke of 
Norfolk's nomination) as one of the mem- 
bers for Steyning, but mode way for Lord 
Ossulston. In lH06 he was again elected 
for the same borough, and he represented 
it during that Parliament and the next. In 
1812 he was elected for Horsham, which 
be coQlinucd to represent until the pass- 
ing of the Roman lyalholic Emancipation 
Act. immediately upon which he accepted 
the Chiltem Hundreds, to make room 
for the Earl of Surrey (the present Duke 
of Norfolk). 

The body of Mr. Hurst was buried on 
the 20tb April in the family vault in the 
chancel of Horsham Church, of which be 
was the lav Kector. It was attended by 
bis sons Kobert Henry Hurst, esq. and 
the Kev. John HursI, and his grandaona, 
with his tenantry about 180 in numtwr. 

JoUN AtLnM, Eso. 

Apnl 3. In South-street, and 73, 
after a short illness, John Allen, etq. 
M.L). Master of Diilwich f'ojirge 

He was 1' 
ford, fe" 
I ■•'..1 . 



giadiiated at the Uiiivi-rsily ' 
as M.r>. in I7f>l.andin IV 



M Red- 

Tgh— a 
lie sue- 
nolhcr, 

:. He 

nC 
10 

•'« 

'/I. 

II. U11. 
■i to b« 



lii? od'y !ai vivurj, 
Mr. Allen give I«ciutM on coin; 



)8tTrA!«r. — //. A'. Coletiigt, Etq. 



• '^ ' tiurgh. wliich were of 
to linve induced M. 

. . sftk h\- r]i-i]iM.iliMncC. 

S lilt! ol 111. iiury 

b' "lt);ll, Hlul ^l^ M' WHS 

■ rviiititiit iiiinutc, liiiit uilli Luiii ilol- 
Uiu!, and, nftPi llic deulli of lii*I biiiiuhlc 

»!' ' ' ' ' - • 

II 

y. -,-^- ■■ , ...- 

•I ■. his ever jomly mid 

t\ '1 bia kiiidnciis in iin- 

riaiig iufoiiQiitiaii 10 tbu«e wbu sought 
Mis lueility in uiirarclling tlie mof^t 
iM ' iibfcurc parts of history WBS 

t- Ui( uiticlrs in liic L'din- 

t v/ and bis other woiks, 

»i IMF and profound Irarning. 

H ilie C'-oniilitution led him to 

»nt<:ii lui il» loundaiioni in ibc Ariglu- 
Sixon !»«», and lu »tucly slanguage com. 
pantively lilile known. 

lie pubMihi-d " An Inquiry inlu tile 
pj., .r,.i iir.nvtb of the Biiynl Prerogn- 
ti nd ; " "A Vindicstioti of 

ti 'Jrnce of Scotland;" and a 

Rrpiy lu Iir. Liii^'ard, >vbo bad reoion- 
(Intrd upon a criticism of hi« History of 
K ' ' icb Mr. Allen bad contri- 

li e Edinburgh Ileriew, He 

* t,,.^r., ti,,.,, oiieartiele upon 

tl roving Lingard, 

I" '-'i iiis partiality, 

particularly bis uitsquolation of Strvdii, 
with rr^rd to the niavsarrc of ^(. Bar- 
tbolctncv*-. 

Mr. Allen wis one of the membera of 
the Utc Conimii«ion on Public Kccord?. 

An inniatc in llollind tli>n<v for more 
tliim fiiiv vt;u«. Mr. Allen bad the 
0{ mini; acquainted with 

1. '1 men of ulloonntrie<i, 

I,'. I / be »:d to have been 

[' belt rcuding und the 

l>. Nor in u boticty 

V. . Ilofner. and Mackin- 

ti' ciitid delit;blful guents, 

woa ibere a Hiu^'le peffton who did not 
li«len Willi tf»p«'rl to the voice of one with 
w f 1(1 Bearehed "' 

ileiialsol li 



: the 
ijed. 

In the Exhibition at tbe Royal Acade- 
toy ia>t year was a pleasing; picture of 

• To Wr. Allen'c article in the Edin- 
■' ' Sir James 
lieeii writ- 
.icute and 
ilutionul anliquariei." 
1. iil. Mr. Allen 
oi i'fOi in the Encjrclopcdiii 

XX. 



|v,. 

?i: 


.1 I',.- 


.... v y 


tr 






J; 







Lord and I 
acatrd III 

|l«ini.ii t. 

i- 
Jio 



97 

■>iid onit Mr. Ailco, 

if HottMd UOMT. 



med and lured by Lord 
la eulogy in itaclf. an4 
Ihtii.' ixii (te Ku doubt that hii afflietioo 
fix the l<i>> of lucb a friend ehortenod hi* 
life. 

I'he winntb of hit beait, and lite 

ttCX'*'"' '""I liit i.II:>. lir....i.l <f. I... ••.(•ndf, 

we: Ills 

IiikI' m. , •! a 

marked purl in that ciiele nO elmjuentlv 
deneribed by Mr. Maeanlay, "in which 
every talent ai"! : -hmcnt, every 

art and .science, i ." 

Mr. .\ll.-n liu. ,;li alwut 7000/. 

or HUUO/., of which he boa bequeathed 
2J0n/. (o the descendant* in hi« tnutbci'a 
second marriage, named Cleghoro, and 
rctident in the western states of Ameri- 
ca. 'I'he «uni of ilXK)/. and all his medi- 
cal books and maiiuscripls are bequeathed 
to his intimate friend Dr. John Thom- 
son, Kmerilus I'rofcssor of Pathology in 
tbe University of Edinburgh. In respect 
to his other manuscripts his wishes are 
expressed in the lollowing terms : — 

■■ I bequeath to Col. Charles Richard 
l-'ox all my manuscript jnuriials, diarica, 
and letter!', with tbe exception of sucb oa 
have been already devised to Dr. Thom- 
son, of Edinburgh. I know that my 
inMiuscripl colleciiont, which vurc made 
for pill poses that I cannot hope now to 
execute, are of no value to any one but 
myself; but I am loath to destroy lliem 
while I um still alive, and having the 
siinic confidence in Colonel Fox which I 
bad in his father, to tvhom I had for- 
meily bequeathed them, I am sure he will 
take care that llicy tall into no Imiids nl^er 
my death where they can be used to my 
discredit." iiis S|>anish and Italian 
l^ooks are left to Dulwicb college. Tbe 
will is dated Oct. ^. I»ii. 



iiF.NKV NEI.80N COLEIIIOOE, EsQ. 

Jan. 'iii. In Cbester.plaee, Regent's 
Parli, Henry Nelson Coleridge, esq. M.A. 
Ijartister iil Law. 

Jlr. Nelson Coleridjj'c Has tbe son of 
Colonel Coleridge, it brother of the poet. 
He married bis cousin, a daughter of tbe 
poet, ■ Teiy tcnrncd and nccompliabed 
lady; she published some years ago u 
translation of the " Hittoiy of the 
Atii/ionrii," (torn the Ijfttin of llobriiihoffer, 

and ■■ • ■ ■• bcatiful fairy tale 

call " lie was educated 

at L - college, Cambiidge, 

whrtE be was ilecled Eellow, and 
graduated B,A, iei'3, M.A. I8S.. Ue 
accompanied liis uncle, the Bishop of 
fiarbodoes. un bi« outward voyage, and 
O 



98 



Obituaxt.— f^. Goulburn, E$q.—Mr$. Fairlie: 



[Jnlf. 



.Ml 

I v. 






the result wia a work entitled " Six 

Monrhi in the West Indies in I9?j," 
ii;inHlly published Bnoiiymouely, but 
ith ht» name in the (hird edition. It&i, 

_ 'bich IS one of the scries of Murray's 

Fiuiily Library. 

He was railed lo the bar by the Hon. 

Society of the Middle Teni(ile, Nov. !4, 

1B26 : practised as an equity dmflKman 

id ronveyanrer ; and was appointed 

cturer on the principles and practice of 

uity to the Inrorporaled Law Society. 

In 1830 he published an Introduction 

to (be Siudy of the Greek Classic Poets. 
In 18% he published the Literary 
emain? uf Mr. S. T, Coleridge ; and 
has irince been the editor of several 

other posthumous editions of various 

poitions of his great relative's writings. 
He also « tote tevcrBl articles in the 

Quarterly Review. 



Henbit Gout.«i.'av, Esu. 
June 8. At the official residence of his 
her in Downing Street, aged 30, Henry 
oulbuni, esq. M.A. Fellow of Trimly 
College, Cambridge, and barrister at 
law; eldest son of the Rt. Hon. Henry 
Goulburn, Chancellor of the Exchequer, 
and M,P. for the University of Cam> 
bridge, 

The academical career of this highly. 

giftrd young man was so brilliant as to 

attract pyticuhir attention. Trained in 

early youth by private tuition, we he- 

"leve under the care of the Hev. H. V. 

Iliott, of Brighton, and the Ker. Mr. 

ickman, of Clupham, be entered the 

nivvrsliy in IH3I, as a pensioner of 

rinity College. His course may be de> 

iribed as one of continued triumph. At 

c uKUul anniiui collckre rxaminutions, bo 

tallied a I ' .in tbe 

rs 1835;. lie was 

ected lo u i— ■-.. ; — ... ;upi in 

tan, he obtained one ot i'r. Uuoprr's 

iriies (a silver cup, value 10/.), for the 

icond W>it English Derlaniiition on a 

liject relating ti> the History of Eng. 

nd; also the lirtl p'ite ol 41. forth* 

St reailin^ in rbuful ; and in iIil* same 

V, ■.. ,1, -.-!., I r.. ,,n IJiiivt.'r»ity 

"II ol .lohii 

J I'cii'u- uniiiii- 

uufrly til upiiuoji lititl titj kki ■ 

f ill such a manner as to 



as lh< 

miiti' 

Lb 
It 

proliacnt in 



In 1836 be was elected a fellow of 
Trinity collPBe. In IK"?? be obtained 
one ol the Members' priifs (15gR. for 
bachelors) for ibe best Dibtcrtatmn in 
Latin Prose. On the 3rd July 1838 be 
proceeded to the degree of M.A. In 
I83U he was appointed one oi the sub- 
lecturers of his college, in 1840 Greek 
Grammar Lecturer, and in 18U Latin 
Lecturer. 

His course at tbe bar promised equal 
distinction. His progress in the study of 
the law surpassed the esperience, and ex- 
cited tbe wonder of his instructors ; and 
be hud just entered upon his arduous pro- 
fession under the brightest prospects, 
with the noblest views and the most 
bopelul anticipations of bis friends, when 
in tbe course of that Providence, whose 
ways arc unscrutable, he wiis withdrawn 
from us. Wc cannot conclude this biief 
notice without adding a tribute to the 
other qualities of a more endearing and 
ennobling rharacler [lossested by faim, 
and in a yet higher degree. It was the 
tone of deep earnest piety pervading his 
whole life which gave promise lo all who 
came in contact with him of eminent 
public usefuliieg», should God spare him 
to years of maturity; and it was the 
gentle and affectionate spirit of true 
Cfarittian love, ever breathing from act 
and word on all around him. which would 
have given him a wide influence over his 
fellow-countrymen, as it has left a wide 
circle of friends to weep over his prema- 
ture death. (Cambridgt ChrOHicli) 

Mrs. Faiblie. 
April 'i. At Cbevelcy, near New. 
market, after a long-coutinucd delicate 
state of health, Louisa, wife of John 
Faiilie, esq. 

She was a daughter of John ilume 
Purvis, esq. by Ellen, daughter of Mr. 
Edmund 1 ower, now Viscountess Can- 
terbury i and was cnri'.crjiK nily iiirrv (o 
the Countess of 
frrqueiitlv Tpsident ' 

si '■ ' ■ " rMie, she «ui ii'j doiitit lu- 
ll': > cr example to write ibooe 
r' > ,..,„.„i... .;.„.. which a. 
H' hor. Un. 
<' <r»ell were 
1 " i lie Lhlldltll of the 
i several poetical volumes, 
'ulent, and still mote 
I by iha purity ol her 

..oft 
lie. 



1843.] R. For. Btq.—Rer. J. IT. Nihlodc—W. H. Pyitt. 



bkbiri of tilenhirc, her tnind miintiiinrd 
iti Mim »rid evrn \v«jr, moro itilcnt upon 

tb» bmrcii hcrcultcr thnii ti- '■'■ it 

nrtb. A few moinlis npo '' :, 

■Diong htT infant fuinily. iin i v 

chUii, a daughter, who bad the iiii<<loriui>e 
to he de«f •lid dumb, hut «h<>«i> wem- 



'•1 



11 I interirtting »» u 

jH ^ Monieiift, We w '• 

remrmijer (totrie ci( tbein wlncb wt- imre 
hnrd, for lliejf would be well worth pre- 
»erriiig ; but »t the ii' 
collect one re insrk , on 
writing a letter witli .,., |...,,. ,,.. 
'• Why, matntns," inquired liie lovely 
little cieitiirc, " wbjr do you write to 

— with whii^ttnitf ink r Thay 

m itow united in anotbcr uid * bHMr 
world, — Littrarf OojtHt. 



RoiCBT Fox, E«a. FS.A. 
JmntH. At fjcMlni»in-tif«itT, Hunt. 
ingdontliirv, •(ted -li, IlulK-rt Kyx, E»^. 
p.8.A.vid M.N.S, ; author o< ■ Hi*- 

torroffl'ii Town, l«.TI, «vo. 



iiuji' jt.riuM-1 uli 

geology, noiutsi 

Ml 1-ox't luneral toiik plnrc on the 
of.ii'i,- of Sttndny .liinr II TIt 



i'> It II inry 

T from the 

. '. tide* being 

jor. i hr ciiiirrb waa orarly 

who n ere unxioua to pay a 

lence of one who 

»f the poor, for 

I KiKi^wi Hj iiirr. >i <]' lit ear to 



In bis 

Ml (,i 



-■■ id! 

: I have 



■•me 
moet 
com- 

- rnr<- 



ill- 
•ona. 

cducsi 
few yr 
tana I 

tUn »! 



. ..lid to 

: tell tbcin this 

loTP." 

w and two 

1. nbo was 



lull ; UUkOy 

. Itid ll>et«> 



fore 

•identian of clw Tl 
tion, aetdnc aaadc tWir 
to tbc eoUtiaiaa. 

Rkt. J. W. • 

fifpt. . . A Urt • 

Be», J. ■ 

fornirti 



lo tta| 

of UkI 



,' u. 



I. 



t««rn. 

monUl ' 






Ht. inot te WM a^ I 

' ■ r f'rr -'Hkool In (Mt 

-dalMd. 

aa preaenied bj 
lil*ClM«fe ftlMiwI 

■laamkU tritwrt> «l tbl^ twlrtwli 
unruBirting i rt twdow U IM iM** 
tlM adipQl Aviuf tk« ita* b« 
oflec of prwidciit," 

8oa« y«w« a/ter b« l«ok tiM 4«0M if 
D,D. M a mcmliM of St, E4aaM HaO. 
Owhrd, tnA nmotti to Loodoa, tM 
a»4«(took Ik* ■MitirAly of • orivau 
•choel B««r TavWtoek^tiare, called (ho 
Uodoo H)||;b S<'hool. In thu he (ailed. 

la I6!r7 be wao iicenird to the errning 
leetorcthip of St. Mary Someract, U|iper 
Tbamea Street. 

Dr. Niblock wai the autlior of a ClM- 
lical Latin dictionary. 

In 18^ he Niii>'jiiMri-iI a Hebrew, Syriac, 
Greek, and h> ii of the Sciip- 

tore proper i'.~ ihe (lenultimate 

quantitiea accuiAluly uu>tk«d and aeccjit- 
oated. 

He wai alio tbc nulhor of "Piety and 
Patiotiam ; or. the Church ibe Cbampioo 
of l/riberty." Ih35. «vo. 

He made a eery extenstre and nirioua 
collection of the varinui orrnaidnal forma 
of prayer which bay. ' hy autho- 

rity in the Ohiifch oi fe a letter 

from biro on the tiibjfit mi/ini. Mag. vol. 
XCVI.i.513, andotberain XC\ lll.ii. 
617, XC lX.ii.;il).andhad an intention to 
print a aclection of the iiioit beautiful of 
them, but did not meet with fufficient en. 
eouragement to induce him to proceed 
with bia propoaal. 

W, H. I'YNr, Esq. 
jl/a|r 19. At Pickering Place, Pad- 
diiiKtun, alter a long illneas, aged 74, 
William Henry Pytie, esq, 

A> an nrtitr, Mr. Cyne poaseaaed a 
great facility iil f»<ncil, and a charming 
tMte an' natural and pirtu* 

rexiiie I licr animate or inaai. 

ni,.i,. i.nn iii quarto cn- 

' London" ia a 
"t and the cba- 
ii>< lion of the me> 

b<'i ivondcrful 



Obituahy.— H. Thompson, Esq. K.A. 



100 



ncy and amusing effect. His rustic figures 
arc DO less true and excellent. In bis 
ger «oik, The Royal Piilaccs, the en. 
ivings are sjilendid, and (lie text replete 
3tb talent, wbelber applied to graphic 
remark or antique anecdote and research. 
His H'^ine and Walnuli (originally pub- 
lished in the Literary Gaittte, and then 
collected in three volume!:,) attracted 
Bucb public notice, and induced him to 
■rt a weekly periodical o( his own, 
hicb was called the Somerset House 
Gazette, but lotted only for one year. 
The pains be bestowed on bis anecdotical 
'Oquiries were cxtraurdiniiry ; and every 
Ittle incident and (not which lie elated, 
r capable of conlirmntinn, were a.s caie- 
illl^ inveiiiigated as if be had been com- 
"Ming national history. This gave greol 
due to his pictures of elder times, his 
iograpbical sketches, and touches of 
banners. Latterly lie communicated 
ome agreeable papers to Frazer't Maga- 
n°ne, in which it is believed the last of 
his literary essays have ap|>earcd. 

During bis long career Mr. P. was 
intimately B.<isociated with all the princi- 
pal artists of the time, and also with very 
many ot its literary ornaments. Hiscon- 
versation wiis original, in<.truelive, social, 
and entertaining, and caused bin company 
tu be much courted by all who could 
appreciate these agreeable ()ualilie^. 
idle was connected with the late JMr, 
Ackermann, and the suggester and main- 
cpring of many of that worthy giublisher's 
most successlul undertokings, from the 
' sue of a print to the institution y( the 
jfaroous subscription for the sutTcrcrs in 
"icrmmy. His mind, indeed, was ever 
full of curious projects ; but perhaps bis 
bersevcraijce was not equal to bis invcn- 
joii, and fortinie did not reward his 
((Torls so liberally as to bless bis closing 
^4nTs with the independence his genius so 
richly deseivcd. 

He was, we believe, the son of a re- 
*peetablc leather-seller in Holborn, and 
lisplayed so early and strong a predilec- 
tion for the attk as to induce bis father to 
Jplace him on triiil with a clever drnugbtt- 
•mun and prini-rolouier. Uut when the 
time came that he nhould be bound an 
^■pprontice, inuih as he liked the pursuit, 
tlie refused to aerepl the master ; ond at 
lourteen left him in di-isii-it l>erause he 
ad ralltil ; This 

»»nse of i up with 



[July, 



Henry Thompson, Ksd. K.A. 
^pril 6. At his residence, Union- 
street, Porlsea, aged 70, Henry Thomp- 
son, esq. R.A. tate Keeper of the Boyal 
Academy. 

The father of Mr. Thompson \nt a 
purser in the navy, and resident in St. 
Oeorge's-square, Portsea, where the 
lute Keeper was born. His native place 
was his Invouriiu letirenu'iil from the 
activity of town life, and there, in IfBiS, 
he look np his permanent residence j but 
from his secluded habits very tittle was 
known of him, except that his charily 
was extensive considering his means. 

Prolonged cor])ortal siifTering compelled 
bim almost entirely to ubandon the ex- 
ereise of his art. The little be has done 
has been with a view of presentation to 
friends in return tor offices rif kindness 
and attention. He was especially fond of 
the recreation of boating, and his boat 
was among those objects which formed 
the subject of bis last sketches, which 
were painted in oil upon rough paper, 
and so managed as to present a very 
agreeable efTerl, The boat was sketch- 
ed for the ofTice-keepcr at the (tim- 
wharf, Poilsinouth, to whom it was pre- 
sented by Mr. Thompson. Such little 
exercises formed the amusement and 
solace of his declining years ; being from 
infirmity unequal to greater efforts, they 
served yet to itidenilfy him with iha 
protcHkion in which he had risen to dis- 
tinetion. 

His style was blsloricai and poetical — 
his " Perdila" will be long remembered ' 
OS one of the gems of its class. Since 
his residence at Portsea he has painted 
nothing of impoi lance. i 

The late Mr, .'Spencer. Storekeeper of .1 
the Ordnance Depaitmeni, was his parti- 
cular friend for u period nf forty years. 
With this gcntlemnn he t. ^ i > ' \ „ 
visits to I'ortscii, on w] 
favourite lelaxiilion \\n _. : . . g 

then ill the enjoymint of robust health. 
His tiialsdy was of innny years' duration, j 
complaining prini ' neral debi- 

lity. During the! is he could 1 

i>r" '■ ' I >« oru , upon this slataj 

.! . aiid was the proximat« 

C. - ^ - - 'C. 

in disposing ot bis properly be bi- 
ijucalhed to the per»OM who nttrndud him 
diiriit|7 bis U. ,1 

for some t > < ■ 



Ml 
iLiti 



'tionau uid nnirutidly, 

tr.) 



rt;iliii|j.|iMti'e. He waa tulviftsl m 



IM30 //. y- Cooper, Etq^Wm. 0. Mutklow, Erq. 



Port«niomli ChurHiyord, ncur the »pot 
where his mother WB9 buried. Hi»wotk» 
<yf tit bure been distributed among hi» 
Iricndi. 

Hkkiv Frederick CoorEB, Em. 
May 83. In Dartmouth Street, WeM- 
iBinftrr. nged 71, Henry Frederick 

f,, - ■ - I •' ■■ lild'tr 13urgc«»e» 

0t isler, nnd » Di- 

fi, I Fire Office. 

Van »mi»hlc and worthy roan was 
highly beloved and respected by hi» 
Airtid»a"d neighbour^:. He bad attained 
toiupeteiicy as a bricklayer and builder, 
bad retired from bu«ine«s. Alany 

irs tince he bad served all the pnro- 
_il«l oBcn^ with (treat credit ; and wa«, 
in the evening of hi« duys. very active in 
the promt'tirm of the numrroii« chari- 



I, 



las; r^ 
Iriturr 



II t School, 

A,;_. .ind School ' 

he twice served the nmiuiilirlhii! of Iita- 
»«rtri, and for ttiiiny ycais tilled the 
; f Emery Hill'" 

1 field*. To ibi" 

, ..■!, tjooper, having 
anted not the iviU to 
iition ; rai^ii'!,' it to a 
. and u»ef«l"i''«. To 
nnd the chiidrrn he 
Ik Mid ti> act «lth a fiTitrtiial 
'■are. I'ndrf lii» ailtirr ilic 
vvfTiors nave In' ' ' ' '" 

•cbool, the cl 
in educated at >i 

• U working well. U there nat one 
in the rear mnre enjoyed by Mr, 



The 

f„ini. 



The lo«k of ^ 1>« 

attributed to .•« ■ il 

of hi- r I' '-— .: .... . „„,... ,-.,. ;lje 

prei I 

M' V waaa native of Bt. Al«r> 

garcl« pariah ; w««, when a yoniig inan, 
nn officer in ibc St. Mnrtraret". and Si, 
Jnhn'a Volnnteera; ■■■ ira 

since nerved all the j. > 'ih 

great credit. He ■'• 

tached tohi» native p '' 

he had a country remi i ;i. 

ton, was teldoui on a Sunday aliaent Irum 
St. Margaref • (Church. 

He wn« n vigilant and iiacful fftiardiui 
nt.d trustee for many ol the loi-al ehari- 
Ilea of the priih. A« » fJovernor of 
Valmrr'a Alnn.hou»e», he bad twice 
•erved the nnuual office "I Treaaurer. 
Hut It wa« to bia having htm lortunalelj 
appointed to the gmtitifm" mid ardunua 
olTice o( T(K»urer '■ i'r^r and 

Important whoiU. ll ' Srhool, 

J.Mll '-r *! I • f^irMTHlfllj 

.M; ; '., . p., 111. .1 ' . • iirfer 

■uch I'Meiiiuil benefit to the pa'iah, that 
the (iill'iii'i'i;? resolution doea no more 
thfl "icmory : — 

of the Orey Cost 

ol r ital 

by ; J.- .. 'llet 

Miu-klow, eiq. : of bn unwearied allrn- 
tion to, nn'l iudirio'H mnfins^'tnrftl f>f. the 

xnt 
ibc 



alTaira 
and eoip 



■n oi III 

»:ir.d a i 



I to the 
JoTcmort ' 



H.-l 



Soiicily It >l.>y cUp'cd that &lr. MnCk- 



title yi:uls 
^ o'reii the i 

Ifrri rtfr<r\: f r i. tlaitimenr, . 
ipcute, griiera'ly In Id ut • 
JCinrr at I'-'' ' m'.r.i ' ■■• ■ 
IHtr f«rrtho 
»l tketr «'/' 

c k mo>t ds'I.^i'llul '1..V. 



lWih. 



Wm. <«lllI>t.tK Ml cxiow, KtM. 

!«, In T«K;i: Ptrei't, a«;pd (S, 



' Firt OScF. 



I , 

tl- 
p..-i 



.: Wb> hit pnde tu u)i 

ol the ttro lloapilaU in ■ 

lir; both having been 

i-d under Li> vi((iUnt 

iticd M St. Margaret'* oa 

:rnded bv « Inrfte tr»in of 

lit. Tb« 

.[ and St. 



Mrs. Davenport. --Mrs. Honey. — Obitcaht. 



[July, 



Mrs. Datempobt. 

May 9. At Brompton, aged 83, Mm. 
"»»enp«rt| 



DEATHS. 



late of Covfnt (iarden 



I and 



This excellent actres? hud pmsed 38 
year* of her life at the Thcntre Rojral 
Covent-pirden, during the brightest days 
of the drama, under the maiiBgement ol 
the late Mr. Harrin, and associated »rith 
Buch naincF aa John Kemblc, Mrs. Sid- 
dona, Holmiin. Lewis, Fawcetl, Ac. She 
w«» born ill 1759, at Launceston, Corn- 
wall. Her father's name was Harvey, 
and when hbout 20 years of age she »p- 
" red at the Bath Theatre with great 
cess. In 17M she first performed at 
vent-gnrden, as Mrs. llRrdcastlc, In 
" She Sloops to Conquer," and at that 
establishment she continued without a 
rival until 1831. occasionally filling up the 
^TBcaiiona at the Haymarkel. Mr, Da. 
■Bpiport died in 1841. He was an actor 
^^B considerable merit at Covent-gardcn, 
^^Kd held the appointment of Secretary to 
^^Btt Theatricxl Fund. With Mr. John 
^^(wmble and Mrs. Siddons Mrs. Daven. 
port was an especial favourite. She bad 
a son and daughter ; the former died in 
India, the latter some years since in Eng- 
land. Her private worth was as great as 
I ber public excellence. 



Mrs. Honey, 

^pril 9. At her house in Albany 
treet. Regent's Park, aged V6, Mrs. 

oncy. 

This young and pretty actress was 
brn Dec. 0, 1817, and was the daughter 
"^ Mrs. Young, an actress now engaged 
I the Eagle Saloon. She was brought 
to the stage, nnd when yet a girl uf 
kteeii married Mr. Honey, a luwj'cr'a 
Brk, only two years her senior. When 
er dmnialic talents and personal ap- 

trance attracted that sort of admira. 

Bn which is too oi^en fatal to the 

flltivation of the one, and but too dan- 

t>u«ly flattering to the other, this ill. 

•ortcd raalnmonial union berame un- 

ppy. Mr. Honey was :■.-'■' n- 

owned in the Thames in 

left two cbildien, one t. 
Ehcr three years old. She whs iii the 
^e«1HB *chfM>1. and sfoo^l perbs[>« npTf 



I fbrtnnate aspinsnts. 



LONDON AND ITS VICtNITT. 

Oct. <25. At his father's house in Moli- 
neox-street, aged 37 ■ Liout. J . K. Wcllstcd, 
of the Hon. E.I. Company's Naval Service. 
He was the author of Travels in Arabia. 
l«38, S vols. 8vo. ; and Travels to the City 
of the Caliphs, along the shores of the 
Persian Gulpb and the Mediterranean: 
inoluding a Voyage to the coast of Arabia, 
and a Tour on the island of Socotra. 
1840, 2 vols. Hvo. 

Feb. 27- In Upper Baker-itreet, aged 
.'i!), William Jardinc, esq. M.P. for Aah> 
burton ; for nhieU borough he was first 
returned, without opposition, in 1841, on 
the Liberal interest. 

March 6. Aged 8G, John Thompson, 
esq. of the Priory, Hampstead. He made 
a large fortune, principally at a brewers' 
surveyor and valuer, and, from his retea- 
tive memory of the tenure of houses in 
London, acquired the soubriquet of 
" Memory-corner Thompson." lie filled 
his house, many years since, and before 
the taste became fashionable, with antique 
furniture -, and his name was frequently 
in the public papers but year, with re> 
spect to hla present of a magnifioant 
ancient bed and bedroom fornitore to the 
Prince of Wales, which wu gracioaaly 
accepted by ber Majesty. 

March 11. At Ureenwicb, aged t)l, 
Edward Augustus Cssar liurnnby, retired 
Commander R.N. (IttK'i) uncle to Capt. 
Sir Wm. C. H. Bumaby, Bart. He wo* 
a sun of Rear-Adm. Sir Wm. Bumaby, 
the first Bart, by his second wife Grace, 
dau. of Drewry Ottley, esq. 

March 3ti. In Kensington-square, 
Lieut. -General Philip Philjiot, Colonel of 
the 8tb or Royal Irish Hussars. He wis 
appointed Lieut, in the 7(ith foot 1768, 
Captain 1797, Capt. 24th Dragoons 1800, 
Mi^or 1907, Lieut.-Colonel Itill, Colonel 
1831, Major-Geocral 1830, and Lieut. - 
General 1 84 1 . He served with bis regiment 
in the Ka«t Indies, from whence he returned 
to England in 1818, He was appointed 
Colonel of the «th Httsaars April .30, 1840. 

April "??. Tn I^nwn-|il. Ttritton, aged 

for- 

T. 

Wi- 
lli I esq. 

t 1 i«. 

St India I 
1. of Jubii 
.of tb« lau ilou. CaptMtt^ 

s OAflf. Cbd- 



164S.1 



OatTOAKT. 



109 



I 

I 



JSqr IS- Acea 81. Mn. Agn** Gibbt, 
yiMMWlilatt. of tlie lat« Sir P. Gibb>, Bart. 

Mlf/ IS. In Cutl«.it. Eaat. Ozford- 
O. *pd W), Mr. John Tolkeotoa. For 
•|Nnrdi <■( hslf • century he carrird on 
tta« bufateu of • htir-drrurr a few doors 
(PMB Bwium-dreet. bating succeeded his 
Biaiter &t th ' t Usorge Itl.'f 

mI(ii wlieo li 'U waa in great 

m cw rt i He - .:.J on a thrinng 

kodMH in monejr-lcndiog ; and one of 
Ifct attiet waa literally crammed full of 
pdotioga and other valuable property, 
which had been placed in his bands as te- 
«uity for loans, and which, strange to 
•ay, he had cnffered to rot and perish 
nram damp, tec. He accamulated up- 
wardi of GO.OOOf. which will be ioheritod 
by his Boarwrt relatlre, the daughter of a 
Biene and her family. 

May II. In Holloway 'place, Edward 
OarUiid, esq. 

Major Charles Callagtn M'C'arthy. 
lata of the iCih regt. 

Jfty lA. At HolUmay, aged 82, Mr. 
iohn Hopkini, Vestry Clerk of St. Uuo- 
■laa'S'ia>tbe-West. 

Mtf 17. At Claphan, agad TS, Darid 
Dartdaoo, esq. 

At Blackland'a House, ChcUea, aged 
Go, Charlea (-■-" '^ t, ejq. 

My IB. I rook.st.agedB5, 

Bliaabrth, rrli ■■■•it Parry, caq. 

At Stoekwril, a^d 4«, Mr. J. T. 
Hmnet, of the English Opera- House. 
Ha was the author of many dramatic 
pieces that were Tery profitable to the 
ranoot minor theatres. His melodtaoia 
d " My I'oU and My Partner Iwi," acted 
aome yean ago at the Surrey Theatre, 
•adartba management of the late Mr. 
OmUm, yielded a profit of -KXiO/. Hr 
wai Uie stage manager of the English 
O wai a-hoase at the lime of his decease. 

la Fltzroy-st. aged 7(i, Klita Ann, re- 
Ud of John Rom, esq. late of Jamaica. 

Maf 19, At Kentish-town. Miia 6u- 
saana Stanley, niece of Lady Uliiard. 

In Upper BelgraTe-pI. aged f>.'>, Charies 
Jaaua ApperUy, rsq. the wrll-koown 
aportiay writer andrr ihx signature of 
'•Kterad," and aaoood son of the late 



IhMMi Anartay, aaq. of WoattoD-faoMC, 

M^ 90. At CrxKKD'a HiU, Black- 
baath, apd M, Mary Hyde, widow of 
tba Bav. WUUiaD Paacban, late Bector 
of Ck. Msfy'a, ilBlfaigdnB. and eldeat 
daa. of li« tou R«v. PVawii WoUaa- 
10*, Ba«iar •! CUadkant, Kent. 

Al Boultn tiouae. Hamiiotead Roasl, 
afad& the 

Uo».^ Uer 

daalh waa rariawl hi her cl ot lies oatohinf 
ftrt vkitat is km jcawiog-room os (h« 



day previoua. Sha araa Jane, aldaat 
dnughter of the late William Mure, aaq. 
was niarned in 1818, and left a widow i 
the 97th March last, (see the memoir ( 
Sir Charles CoWiUe in our May numb 
p. S33.1 

At Uoxton, aged 48, Rlisabrth, eldest 
dou.ofthelatcMr.N'.:' ■' ■ ,„j_ 

May 21. In N. in 

coiurqucncr of fallin^ I ,:., ,ira, 

Ernest, yniingpst luin of Rjcliard Uantlay, 
esq. Iwokseller U> her Majesty. 

At Kensington, aged io, Ueut.-Col. 
Henry Herbert Manners. K.II lata 37th 

Reg. He was m il7| 

Lieut. 180!) : ( '. i 

broTet Licat.-( i,^ .,,vcii 

in the Peninsular wur. 

At Clapbam, aged 7<i, Mary, wife of 
the Rev. William Foater. 

In Charlottc-st. Bedfurd-sq. John Jar- 
tin, esq. one of the Uirertors of thi: Um- 
doo Life A.tsociation. 

In Cork-8t. Burlington-Gardens, Kh:li- 
ard Stonier Gamon, esq. Asaislaiit L'um. 
missary-Gen. tu Ihc Forrest son of tli* 
late Rev. William Gatncin, Rector uf 
Bramdean, Hants, and of Ham, SuCfulk. 

In Albany-st. Regent's Park, Mri. 
Deane P. Walker. 

May 19. At Clapham Common, Tho- 
mai Adlingtnn, eaq. Ule of the Arm of 
Adlingtoi), Gregory, Faulkner, and Pol- 
lelt, solicitors, of Bedford -row, London, 

In Cburch'Sl. St. John's, Wettmlostar, 
John V. A. Wadman, esq, 

May 'i.1. Aged 17, Klisahetb Water- 
fall, eldest dau. of John Linnet, esq, Ar* 
gyll-place. 
' At Merchant Tailors' School, Cbarlaa, 
youngest son of the Rev. J. W. Bellamy. 

Emma, wife of C. K. Pntvorr, esq. o/ 
Gray'S'ion-tcrr. Gr* 

Aged 16, Frcderi' 
»ery eminent rn--' 
waa one of tbi 
Hospital, Mr 
sons of the late Titbotby 



'sq. 



the 
Ha 

:•'■ 
I iha 
J'yrrtU, rwj. 



dty remembrancer, and grandson of the 
late John Dolload. caq. of St. Paol'i 
Church-yaid. 

Capt- Laticay, ratirad Aill pay of th« 
Royal Eogiaaara. 

At har raaidanee in llarUy.at. the 
Dowafw V'iiooanteaa Anson. 

Mag i&, Aged 23, Looiaa Ad«laida, 
aldaat a«nrinii( dan. of Jama* F. Kaon- 
dcra, aaq. 

la LaiaaaUr-pL tget 7». WUllaa CUf. 
toa, aaq. 

la Gnat yartfaait at «a< 74. Jaka 
BowrioK) aaq. 

Afav 96. Anna Mafy, atdcit daa. oC 
J. IfcWl Blarkbuma, aaq- M.F. 

At Sadalc>(h-»t. T«rlKa(k>i^ a|a470. 



Obitwaby. 



[July. 



I 



Anna Marin, relict of John Hornor, esq. 
of Grove Hill, Caiubcrwcll. 

May i^l. At Piinlico, Mar; Anne, 
youngest dau. of the late Rev. William 
Huiuphry, Vicar of Seal, Kent. 

In Glouce*ter-pl. Kentish Town, aged 
SI, Fanny Henrietta, only cbild of Heory 
Schultes, esq. 

At Blackheatli, aged 33, Cliarlea Parr 
Montagu, esq. son of Baail Montagu, esq. 

Jtfay S8. At Brompton, aged G'i, I'ercy 
Farren, esq. brother to Mr. William For- 
ren, of the Hayniarket. He was stage 
manager of the Brunswick theatre, near 
Goodnian's-ficlds, at the period of its de- 
•truction in 18^G. He was aUo stage 
manager under the kte Mr Morris, at 
the Haymarket. 

Id Coldharbour-lanc, Cimberwell, Ly- 
dia, relict of Joseph Harvey, of Grace- 
cburch-st. bookseller. 

In Brompton-sq. Anne, wife of Sir 
James WcUwood Monerictf, Bart. She 
was the dau. of Capt. George Robertson, 
R.N. ; was married in ieu8, and leaves 
issue. 

May 29. At the Royal Hospital, Chel- 
sea, Elizabetb, wife of Lt.-Col. Le Bboc. 

May 30. In Hnrlcy-st. aged 75, Mary 
Bridget Lady Pel re, relict of Robert-Ed- 
ward 10th Ixird IVtre. She was the eldest 
dau. of Ueury Howard, esq. and sister of 
the late, and aunt to the prcseot, Duke of 
Norfolk. Her Ladyship married, I'HG, 
the Inle Lord Pctre, by whom she had 
thirteen children, eight of whom are living. 

May 31. At Grccunich, aged 71, John 
Carttar, esq. 

Lattly. At the house of her son the 
Rev. Dr. Stehbing, aged b3, Mrs. Mary 
Stebbiug. 

At Brumplon, aged 23, Henry Thomas 
Sanoemana.csq. of Lincoln Coll. Oxford. 

June I. In ChCKtcr-fcq. Pimlico, figed 
32, Edward William Brigbtman, esq. 

In King-st. St. James's, aged .M, Ben- 
jamin Daric«, esq. 

In York-|)l. aged 62, Miss Sainsbury. 

Junt 1. Aged SI, Miss Jessie Emma 
RaymcDt, niece of Mr. Frederick Joha 
Taylor, of Wilson. st. Gray's-iun-road. and 
youngest dan. of tbo late D. W. Rayment, 
esq. solicitor. 

At Chelsea, aged GT, Aabbumham Bul- 
ley. esq. Chief Clerk of Her Majesty's 
Etchcquer. 

./iinr 3. In Vppcr Ilarlc ^ 
Samuel Bosanquct, c*q. ' 
Court, Monmuuthth. aud l\,i-. ., ur<. 
Essex. 

At Claretnont Cfiltnnc. Rcctnl's Vn\\. 
EUinor, ■■• 
Putnaoi. '^' 

Brit; ■ ' .of tin- 

Leg'' ,:.ce. 



of 



In London, Thomas Cosway, esq 
Tiverton. 

In Bcdford-sq. Amelia, relict of Charles 
Warren, esq. Chief Justice of Chester. 

Aged 57, Samuel Mitan, esq. of tlie 
Polygon, Somcrs Town. 

Maria, youngest dau. of William Fox, 
esq. of Chestcr-ter. Rrgmt's Park. 

Jmtu 4. Aged 38, William Bcrtri 
Bishop, esq. solicitor, of the firm of Hai^ 
Bishop, and Mourilyan, of Vcrulam-bnildi 
iugs, Gray's-ino. 

June 6. Aged 85, Thomas Bsgnall, esq 
of Barnsbnry Park, Islington. 

In Upper Gowcr-tt. Martha, wife of 
W'illiam Northage, esq. 

At Clapham, aged 63, Ann, wife of 
George Hcathcote, esq. 

luTorrington-sq. aged7I, E. A.Whyte, 
esq. He coiumittcd self-destruction by 
hanging himself. He possessed large 
landed estates, and bad resided in the 
square many years. 

June a. At his residence, Burtou-cresc. 
aged 36, Mr. H. Younge, of Drury-lane 
Theatre. He enjoyed considerable repu- 
tation in pantomime and spectacle writing 
for the theatres royal, and few men have 
contributed more to the stock of harmless 
auiuscmcut during the la^t ton years. His 
pantomimes of " Harlequin l^uy Fawkes," 
" Georgy BarnewcU," "Great Bed of 
Ware," " Duke Humphrey," Ike. will be 
long remcuihrrcd by the juvenile frequent- 
ers of I lie thcjitres. 

Ann, wife of Richard Knight, esq. ot 
Tavi«tork-6<i. 

At Thistle Grove, Old Brompton, aged 
56, Elizabeth, wife of James Lockhart, 
esq. of Laiihoins, Essex. 

Aged T2, John Windus, esq. First 
Secondary of her Majesty's Court of Ex- 
chequer. 

In St. Martin's parish, Westminster, 
Capt. Thomas Mddrura, half-pay !»Cth 
Regt. formerly of the ^M Foot. 

June 9. In llolles-pl. Abel Adolphus, 
esq. 

June 10. At Wcstc«mbe Park, OrMu- 
wich, aged G8, Thomas Brocl " 
He had been all hi.s life engit 

business aj- ■■ '■ -' < ■" 

timber-nier< 
director of t 
Company, a siiuatiun <.<'■ 
lity. His ]<r.ictit:sl I- 



ii^H 

so, ^1 

























• a 




ind 
. it. 
If 11. 
titi 


has 

In 
1 47 


left 

Ci.. 




fuiilj 


< 

to 


Parlt 


a numeniua 



1.1 

M.\. one of her Mijetty'i eotuscl. He 
w«» the (Iflh son of the I«te Sir RichariJ 
Rtehtrdi, lent. Chief Buron of the Ei- 
cheijuer. He irss called to the bar at the 
Inner Temric Not. 24, 1H20, prsctined 
■t ! raftsman, and ITU fortneriy 

« I ' r of Banlirupt*. 

' iir-pl. Rged 3S, Portewnie, 

fl'' r. S. Horner, eiq. of Mells 

IS' (. 

I trr-sq. Capt, Arthor Jamn 

Csl , son of Mdjor-Gcn. Sir 

Ji II. K.C.B. 

\l fhelnen. kgti 18, Rliwi- 
rnuiMfnrtl. 

I iU-m- Rgrd 80, 
..... ... , - • '■'■■■ 

J<au )4. In S. 
ittd 87, Annn, " ' 
CodtcrcU, mq 

ArH 54. ^ ,mel 

Di' -lont. 

<|. Stnli, wlitoir of 



esq. of $<i.ndy Rlrer. 



N 
CI 

I , ;iged 20, Sarah Ellen, 

letnind I'lu. ol Liharles Allen Younir, esq. 

Jvnt !•>. Loui.ia Rachael, itccond dau. 
of TboDnis De la Rue, esq. of Bunhili- 
ro». 



Beds. — Hay Ki. .\t Copt Hall, near 
Lut.iii. imrA (I.S, Miss Isabella M'Uonall, 
^ f the Ute John M'Douall, 

tri. IT, younger brother of the 

U- 1 Donalt Crichfou, fifth Earl 

ff ; 

Mai, .1, vt Ampthill, a^rd 79, Samuel 
Dartii, etq. 

J\iTif ' \t lirv liriii«,^ I.iiiilen, Ever- 

•1r iJ[,JOnng- 

t»; .%. the .".th 

B .-aui of Soudy, nnme 

C'^ I of whose «nn,iii |M(IJ>, 

tl.. ' I- Mo- 

B" ] the 

Ba, . of 

thu Iwly will . in- 

ll«Wt:lnT^ of • ■ sljC 

•f" t of 

h<- nbl« 

ilD ' tit". 

iiied 
.th- 

iTii; nnlj- 

0* on 

«'' was 

Bl!: nth 

.it • 

l». ' 

In J..,, u... ..... - 

t Wnnlftge, aged 

TJ. riotcndeot 



riURT. 

JfflV ^1. In PurV-st. Windsor, aged 
.12, Samh, widow of George Clode, e«<j. 

Lalelu- At UradAeld- place, near Read- 
ing, aged b'l. Lt. -Gen. John Le Mesurier. 
He entered the serrice in Aug. 1794, and 
served in the 89th Foot ; was made Major 
1 / th Foot I H03 ; he took his rank of 
Lieut. -Col. by breTet, iu July, 1310, and 
that of Colonel in Aug. iei9; his last 
commission, that of Lient— General, ii 
dated Not. 1^41, He wai on half.ptj 
of the 17th Foot. 

Lntely. At Reading, aged 7S, Mr. 
John Piercy, formerly of St. Jamea't, 
Westminsler. 

yiine II. At his residence in the 
''"•■■' '^"'indation. «••■•'•"' f-i.tle, aged 
.I.J. Cunit. 1 and de- 

itiirer. He?- ; years on 

llic Staff in the West Indies, »nd toc- 
eeeded the late Col. Bas«ett, in 1«4S, in 
the Hppointment of Governor of the Mi- 
litary Knights of Windsor. He hos left 
.1 widow and also two jons and three 
dsughfers, and was buried in St. George's 
Chapel with military honours. 

Bucas.— yime IS. At Cbcniea, Har- 
riet LucT, wife of Frederick Aagastui 
Hyde. 

Camsridsk.— ywn; I. Ag«d se, Tho- 
mas Oslar, esq. of Fulboum. 

Juvr 8. At Laodbcai'h rectory. Maris 
Sarah, second dan. of the late Rer. L. 
Addison, of Saxthorpe. 

CncsniHC. — May 99, At her resi- 
dence, Greenfield, in Thelwall, in the 66th 
year of her age, Anne, widow of the late 
James Stanton, esq. (whose death we no- 
ti.:ed in oar Obituary fvr March, 1848 ; 
see vol. XVII. N. S. p. 338.) Mrs. 
Stanton was daughter of John Harrisonj 
esq. of Derby, and sister of the present 
John Harrison, eso. of Snelston Hall, in 
that county. She has left surviving issue 
James, now of Greenfield; Henry, of War- 
rington, u mngietratc fur the county of 
LsML-ni'tci ■""■'■ Mi.ii"iret. For some tims 
past Mrs. ' been <n declining 

hr.-ilih, ail' ili'crase of her hut- 

band in Uicciiibci 1H4I she was almost 
entirely rontiiied to the house. 

Junr T. Aged 72, William Twcmlow, 
esq. of N'ortliwich and Hathcrton, sur- 
geon ■ ■• .^"J "'• '< 'he late William and 
Phcl L' Intter place. He 

praii- ; art in Northwich 

with credit to himself and advantage to 
hi.. p!itirnr«. fnr tli.« Ion? peliod of fifly 
■ rihly career 
if an citea- 
• iM- "" ~ '-" in. 

terri ' f. 

(■■ '■-U 

Sarii' nlinion, 

CM). 

E 



10(7 



OaiTUART- 



tJu'y. 



At St. Bees coUeg;e, aged 3.'), Jmueg, 
eldest sou of llie Rev. James Coats, Per- 
petual Curate of Clu'linorloa and Sbcldon, 
Derbyshire. 

Derby. — Stay II. In Derby, aged 6.5, 
Joseph Talbot, ew). formerly of the Stock 
Exchange. 

Devon. — May 15. At LympstoDe, 
James Wct*t, esq. youngest son of the 
late Lieut -Col. James West, Royal Art. 

May 25. At his residence, Marine, 
place, Plymouth, J. Broderick, esq. 

JUai/ 26. At Exeter, Mary, wife of 
Henry Leslie Grove, esq. 

Atay 29. At Exeter, aged 97, Benjamin 
Walkey. esq. 

June I . At Hayes, Broadclut, aged b!), 
Mark Aysliford, esq. 

June 2. Philip Gonld Whitlock, esq. 
torgeon, late of Sidmouth, and fifth son 
of the late George W'liitlock, esq. of 
Heavitree. 

June Ti, At Torquay, Caroline, wife of 
John Sillifant, jua. esq. of Coombe. 

June K. At the Royal Dockywd, De- 
Tonport, Maria Antoniu, second dau. of 
Dr. Tobin, of Brussels. 

June 9. At Sadborow bouse, Thorn, 
combr, aged 80, John Bragge, esq. 

At Torquay, John N. Smart, esq. for- 
mrrly of Bristol, 

June 14, At Ilfracombe, aged 60. 
Mary, relict of the Rev. J. Blackmore, 
Rector of Combmartio. 

June 13. At Tiverton, aged 46, T. 
Leaman, esq. late Mayor, and one of the 
Councillors of Castle Ward. 

Dorset. — May 21. At Weymontb, 
Skrah, widow of W. Drayton, esq. 

June a. At Abbotsbury Castle, Ge- 
raUine Margaret, youngest dau. of Ed- 
ward St. Vincent Digby, esq. and grand. 
dau. of the Earl of Ilcheatcr. 

DvKHAM. — May 25. At Dorlington, 
aged 39, Christopher Wi-thcrell, esq. so- 
licitor. He nas feel 2 in. high, and 
weighed upwards of M stone, His coffin 
was 7 feet 6 in. long, '2 feet 5 in. deep, 
and measured 3 feet 3 in. across the 
breast. The weight of the corpse and 
coffin was 58 atone, the depth of the grave 
10 feet, the length 9 feet. In order to 
remove this immense burden to the tomb 
it was found necessary to take out of the 
I daceased's house a large boiv window, and 
I the roffiu was placed on a platform, 
I mounted on the springs and axlca of lus 
[own carriage. 

E»««x.— .^;(r;/ M. Aged 12, n 
daoghtcT of R. Moorhoutr, cm|. our of 
the inf..'Ui, .,!,.. f.ir V-.-'' •r,,.t;^, .1 
Tn.r 



di'.)>troyed, she bad became dejected, and^ 
was found drowned in a cistern of wat« 
at the back of the house. 

May l:i. Aged 71. William Freebomt 
esq. of Mistley. 

May 19. At Colchester, aged 753 
Charles Thorlcy, e«q. Capt. in the Eaatl 
Essex Militia. 

At St. James's rectory, Colchester*! 
aged 48, Anne, wife of the Rer, M. Sea 
man, D.D. 

Jvne 7. At Rochford hall, (fed 
.\nn, wife of John Lodwick, esq. 

At Bocking End, near Braintree, age 
54, Martha, wife of the Itcv. Alexande 
Klctcher. 

June 8. Frances, wife of R. C. Ua« 
selfoot, esq. of Boreham. 

June 1.). At Ihc Convent, New Hatl 
near Boreham, aged 72, Elizabeth Mar 
Regis, eldest dau. of Sir Robert Gcmrd, of 1 
Gsrswood, a professed Nun of the Orde 
of Scpulchrincs 53 years, and Prioress of | 
the Convent for 27 years. 

GLoccESTrR. — May 2. At CliftoOiJ 
aged 8.3, Lient. -General Thomas Foster*! 
He was appointed Ensign 1795, Lieat>j 
1796, Comet First Dragoon Guards 1798 
Lieut. 1800, Capt.-Lieut. 1801. Majo 
h. p. York Hussars 1802; Lieut. -Colone 
1410 ; Major 3rd Garrison Battalion 18ISJ 
Colonel iei9, Major-Gencral 183U, and 
Lieut.-Geoeral IM41. During the war ht] 
was employed as an Assistant Adjutant* 
general on the home staff. 

Lately. At Bristol, Job Hnrril, esq.l 
He has made the fulloning bequests toj 
charitable institutions. To the Bristol] 
Orphan Society, contingent on the deatU ] 
of an elderly person, 400/. : to poor meal 
and women in Temple parii^h the iotcreatl 
of 200/. for ever; to the Bristol Infiruiary, f 
100/. ; to the Bristol General HospitaUi 
100/. ; and to the Bristol Strongtrt* ] 
Friend ^.•■■■-•■■, ",()/. 

At ! : . near Tewkesbury, tlie 

relict I ' rickland, c^q. 

At < aged 64. the relict of 

David I -q. 

At N .<d 42, Cspt. WilliniB 

Henri ■ of the 5Klh Inf. 

At < JM iiriiii.iiii, at an advanced a^, 
I'homas Svott, esq. cousin to the Earl of 
Clonmrl. 

Junti. Aged 23, Sarah Anne. elds*t| 
dan. of the R<rr. C. K. Birt. of Bn>tol| 
and oo the i ' ' '"<• So* 

matra, on h: toa. 

the Rev. <>. .i liin. ni im- i)M|'ti»i Mil* 
•ion. 

/.,... '. VT ci.i^o,. Mir. uiilow of 

■'get. 



i.J 



Obitcabt. 



Ji"- -'f- "■ T"- miii Henry S«*ljr, etq 
of ^. 

irard Ciippi, e«q. 
H«xrs. — Way 



.1. 

aoeiter, wife of Ed> 

At Redbridge, 



14. 



^1. 
pon, I 
tor of 



". Wq. 

I Litde Green, onr Gos- 

■ I M.D. ItiBpec- 

T lis, a Deputy 

■-. A aa actiTc Mi- 

><ody nu interred at Steep 
ul. 

At f wjlui.1, u»r Wiiic'iester. aged 89, 
the wife of the Her. fieorge Coie, rector 
of SI. Micliael's, Wintoo, aod mother 
of the lute (iru, Sir Juincs Lyon, G.C.B. 
^a/f/y. At Wiiiton, aged 86, Mrs. Jane 
n, of Morlcy's College, relict of 
Rer. JoKph Warton, Rector of Tuu- 
WOTth, near Baaln^toke. 

Jwai 4. At Romsey, aged S9, Sabina 
\Urj, wife of Charles John Tylee, e»q. 

JiuM 5. Near Goaport, Lionel Hcr- 
*cy, eaq. 

JutM 6. At the Priory, I. W. aged 75, 
Edward Groar Smith, esq. 

ilaairoKD. — May 27. Ki Hcnnor 
Usiuc Leomiiuter, the wife of Capt. 

y. Agvd 37, Joha-Harard, eldest 
of William Harard Apperley, esq. of 
Wllliinpton, near Hereford. 

At Ledbury, aged 13, William Heury, 
d «on of William Dugmore, esq. 
iter-at-Uw. 

HcNTs.— May*^. At Kimbolton, Lncy, 
youttgeat dau. of the late Charles Blood- 
WOTth, e»q. 

Ka.sT. — May IG. At Deal, ou her 
birlhday. .Miirtim, etde!rt daii. of the late 
WiUiam Hulkc, esq. M.D. of that town. 

At Scvenoaks, aged 81 , Charles Willard, 
esq. Clerk of the Peace for Kent. 

JV*y :24. At Sandgate, aged 30, Mary 
Vraoces, dan. of Francis Turner, esq. of 
Queen.sq. Westminster. 

May SS. At Laiuberhnrst, Lydia 
Ottharine^ wife of William Alexander 
MorUnd, esq. of Court I/odge, and eldeat 
dan. of the late Rcr. James Marriott, 
LL.D. Rector of Horsemomlen. 

«r«y29. At Aahford, aged 9i, Peter 
Dobrve, esq, third son of the late Peter 

Dn' r- •' --> f ry. 

Iht, 

i.-i-iard 

iiin Park. 
, Da*id Hermi- 
uiiWcr, and Juttica of Uie 



Jlniltbt. CM], c 

/imr %. \\ 
(aci 
P. . 



dfi* 
be. 



73, John 

I'fun and 

llij 

the 

WM 



returned. He wai highly refpeeted in 
Greenwich, where be had an extensive 
manufactory of steam-engines, particu- 
larly for steam-Tessels. 

June 8. Ann, relict of Robert 'WU. 
sett, esq. of Forest Hill. 

June I !. At Woolwich Common, Lady 
Savage, relict of Major. Gen. Sir Johit 
Boscawen Savage, K.C.B. K.C.H. having 
survived him only three months (see our 
May unrabcr, p. 534.) 

.\t Forest Hill, aged 69, John Howe, 
esq. of St. Ounstan'a-hill. 

June 1.1. .\ged 91, Thomas Lewis, 
esq. of the Hollies. 

Leicesteb. — May 4. At Melton 
Mowbray, aged 78, Charles Latham, gent. 

May 21. Aged 70, the wife of the 
Rev. Wm. Foster, Vicar of Ashby Fol- 
viUe. 

MiDDLCSEX. — May 18. At Finchley, 
Charles Ventris Field, esq. surgeon, of 
Rotherhithe, Surrey, and eldest son of 
the late Charles Ventris Field, esq. 

May 19. Sarah, relict of Charles Tur- 
ner, esq. of Hauwell Park. She survived 
her husband only two months. See our 
Magazine for Mav, p. 550. 

May'iX. At Sunbury, aged 61, Kll- 
lingworth Richard Hedges, esq. 

May 24. At Winchmore Hill, aged 75, 
Richard Child, esq. 

May S7. At Twickenham, aged 60, 
John Hovcnden Alley, esq. barrister-at- 
law. He ilied so suddenly that a coro- 
ner's inquest was held on his body, which 
returned for their verdict. Natural Death. 
He was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn, 
Nov. 25, 1815, and practised as a special 
pleader, and in the Home Circuit. 

May 31. At Whitton, aged 65, Benja- 
min Uosttiog, esq. 

June 10. At Sutton, Hounslow, aged 
83, Elizabeth, relict of Mr. W. Martin- 
son, of Davies-st. Berkeley-sq. 

Monmouth. — Lately. M Pant.y- 
Goitrc House, William Morgan, eaq. oijy 
sunivini; son of the late John Morgan, 
esq. of Graigwith House. 

NonroLK April 10. At Norwich, 

aged 69, Mr. J. T. Patience, architect 
and surveyor, who had filled the office of 
City Surveyor since 1836, and formerly 
of Bury St. Edmund's. 

April 19. Elizabeth, relict of Thomaa 
Cooke, esq. of Bergh Aptxjn. 

May 6. Aged .'J8, Eli«abeth. wife of 
Christopher Carter, esq. of WiggenhaU 
St. Germans, near Lyun. 

May 15. Aged S8, Nicholas Henry, 
youngest son of Sir Edmund Bacon, Bart, 
of Hcveiiingliam Hall- 

May 24. Horatio-Peltus, youngest 
son of the late Rer. Robert Ficklio, Reo* 
tor of Croatwick. 



'108 



OaiTCAKv. 



[July. 



I 



I 



Majl S5. At his birth-pUoe, Fiochim, 
^fjtd ^6, Wm. Coreton, esij. TIte greater 
ptrt of bis active life wu passed in the 
par(niit« of (rede in Lndgate-et., and be 
vu the early (Head and associate of 
Joseph Lancaster, whose succtes in pro- 
moting the caiue of national education is 
mainly to be attributed to his zealous co- 
operation. 

May JG. At WUtoo, ixgttX 83, William 
Seagrim, esq. 

May •iH. kted 44, Mary Anne, wife 
Of the Rev. William Abbot, Rector of 
Horstead and CollisUall. 

Lately. At Stoke Ferry, aged 74, 
Anthony Etberidge, gent. 

Notts. — Jlf«y 19. At Uonal8luo,aj;c!d 
73, Richard Francklin, esq. 

NOBTBI'UBLRLANO, — May 18. At 
Bensham, near Nen-castle-on-Tyne, aged 
31 1 Francis William .Stanley, esq , son of 
the late William Stanley, esq. of Mary- 
land Point, Essex. 

Lately. At Bedlington, neat Morpeth, 
aged 96, Mrs. Ann Craster. It is a sin- 
gular fact that she neter, during her 
long life, |iartook of lea or coSee. 

Oxford. — March A. At Thame, Franct'», 
wife of Mr. John Thorpe, .in' ■'■■■• ■ ' "• ■ 
late Rev. William Ferkinii. i 
Tw7ford, Bucks, Vicarof Kin. 
and Chaplain in (Ordinary (o the King, 

May 18. At Exeter college, Oxford, 
aged SI, Mr. T. W. Bartley, only son of 
Mr. Bartley, of CoTcnt-garden theatre. 
' May '21. Catharine Anne, only child 
of the RcT. .lohn Holland, Vicar of .\<iton 
Rowant. 

June 12. Aged 26, George, only sun 
of James Rose, e«q. Solicitor, Bamplon. 

RcTi-AND. — Lately. A( Uppingham, 
Harriet, wife of the Rev. William Turner. 

June 13, At Lyndon Hall, agnl 4H, 
Mary, eldest dau. of the late Samuel 
Barker, esq. 

Salop. — May \%. At Shrewsbury. 
Mr*. Clarke, widow of Joseph Clarke, 
cgii. of Pall Mall, banker. 

SoMkRSKT. — May 12. At Balh. Mary, 
eldest dnu. nf the liilr .Inhn '" ' * ' 
tii-i\. of Skirwilli Aliliry, nn 

I late Francis A^litir.liv fi, . . 

IMP. for East ( 

May Ih. A I i CG. Edwtid 

I Lanffford, ejq. foriui..-Ij t.f 49th Ueg. 

Uny IT. At Bilh, airrd "i, Knut 
' Maria, widow •■•: ■" ' • CurJincr. t»q. 
I of the AIndras < 

Mat'i\. At i- J uhu Clitf Otoe, 



June 11. At Beacon House, Lichfield, 
Maryanne, youngest dau. of the late Verj^| 
Rev. Dr. WoodUouse, Dean of Lichfield. 

Suffolk. — May 10. At Southwoldr 
aged 71, Peregrine Edwards, esq. 

SrHHLY. — May 3. At Farohau, ogod 
40, Edwin Marriott, etu. 

May l(i. Aged C4, Al.nv. nif,- nf thrf 
Rev. James Hamilton, I> :<ling_| 

too, and eldest dau. of -.esq. 

West end, Hampstead, 

May i8. At Esher, agod 07, Mils 
Robinson, late of Dyflcct : youngeitj 
dau. and last survivor of (he late Jame 
Robinson, esq. mcrchinL, t>l' Bromla 
St. Leonard's. 

Aged 51, EUxalieth Margaret, wifSlI 
of Dr, William Chalmcn, of Croji*! 
don. 

May 3(1. At I ■ ' Jane. wi(lj| 

of Richard Wyati i 

yMRe 1. \' ' . . .llus, Bamo_ 

aged 71, V lioUon, esq. for*l 

merly of Ihr , Affidavit OHice,' 

Symond's-ion. 

June .'). At Peteraham, Susanna, wi- 
dow of the Rev. John OriSilhs, D.D., 
formerly Michel Fellow of Queen's CoU 
' 'ite Vioar of St. Margaret's, Ro- 

rx.—Matc/i'H. AtBroomfaam,Bged 
;4. ^ir Willium Ashhumham, Bart. He 
was Ibu eldest ion nf SitW'illiam the fifth 
Ban. ly Anne, dau. of the Rev. FrancLt 
Wuodi:Hte of Mountfield in Sussex, and 
succeeded bis father Aug. 31, ie'J.3. He 
married in 1S'J5 Juliana, third dau. of 
the late Rev. William Humphrey, Rector 
of Seleand Vicar of Kemsiug, Kent ; hut, 
baring died without issue, is succeeded 
by his next brother the Rev. John Ash- 
bumham, Chancellor and Prebendary of 
Chichester. 

May a. At Brighton, aged 14, Mary 
eldest dau. of "^cbo Win£, esq. of 
Tlioriiey Abbey. 

.l/flw l.i. Aged 18, Caroline, third 
dau. uf ficorge Barttelot, e*q. of Stop^ 
ham House. 



•rst Castle, aged 
\nlhony Thacker, 



f I.nfrhi. 



At Bath, tge4 DO, liuborl 



m 



no.— VMia 1. Agni 21. EUta 
dau. of CbarlM CoupUnd, 



Long 



u. *t*i 79, Ridi- 
of Ctitliao, mi 




OmrcABY. 



(• t^ College at Eut Griutead, aged 
86, Jlr "' ' ' ■" lied, mucli norcd 
Hf A I i^d one of the 

ckfni ■■' '■-'"■ "•"^•--" 

Dak« 

ofSn^' Jul), li«.~>. tiulli 

o( «|i: .ted in faroor of 

the lit loured. 

W* At Loutting- 

t«».af •■'•'■'■■ "■' 

iaktt >: 

rear, liu|<hciaw-Aani>, «lJr«i ilau. ul 
L/ird Dorioer. 

iMltly. At LcAiniDeton, '^T 
lideat ilau. of J. 1. 1)lackllu^^ 

Jumf. Mt. M ■!'■•■ '■'■■ 
»bo<A*ellcr of V 



Trill Tt ir* «£o Im 



' luwD, and 
IS preiicnted 

, ai 311 Ackuow- 
'"e«. Tlirre were 



tuUlu 

art; i .^1"' I'L'i^ ■ '■■■ ' 

Jumr 4. At 1; lUcth, 

/■onil iJ.'iii. ut* 1.1 ^^iibery, 

> ' li Chase, aud niece of 

! ;. ofWlOXoll. 

u.—Mai/ lii. At Dil- 
I II, Sarah Maria, aecuud 

."ihniu, Bj;cd 

.-jpson, M.D. 

:' 4. At the Abbt-y Brewery, 
i.jbury. W. Oily. rsq. jun. 
Jun*^. '■ 'ouroc Uaaatsey, 

^ed*9, Jm. .-sq. 

'" Peter, aged r.4, 

\i IV ribben- 
I. dnu, 
cior of 
'.. i<:eitcibtjue. 

'<. At Yotk. aged 63, 

Fmicis Charlei Mayu, 
,^.. Mayo, of Briilliogtoii 

i/.y ■' Aged 5«, M^ria Aiiue, wife 
[ the &ei. Robert JocVson. Drjiiool. 

Uaji 2C. At Meadaw-field Houcr, 
~utti/, a^ed 4H, Tboiuaa Simpson, esq. 



or of bainbru', and Vicar vf 
Bgh. 
I I. '■'•, widow of 

ilUt. Tl' loxcrofl. 

' Jmu I. - -• ■'■■ 

ITilliaai J" 

dett aoD li: ., :- 

4ni Uely Hu(«tiliiKiD, of Dublin. 



jMit 1:2. At Nether Hnll, Daneaaler, 

F.ir ' " ■ <-• ■-■ ^.Uoy 

c;. I, of 

'' - ■ '■ ,>ai>< 

Sbe was i to Ucory 

11, Mq. uf M ncry, Sui« 

si-i, iiiid Mcondly, iu UJtf, to Sir F. Q. 
Mttcfran. 



At Swanaea, tni 
', i*q. Vice- Admiral 



iide Lieut. 1781, 
t Captain 1799. 
■ r tloop of war, 
niitl i;a)iiurc:U liit: trin-go-brah French 
privateer, of 10 guns, in tbe North >ea, 
Oct. i», l/tw. During part of the war 
be was employed in tbe Sea Fencibiea. 

At C'aruiartlicn, aged 24, Herbert, 
fourth son of Cnpt John George Pbilipps, 
R N. and magietrate of that borough. 

At Carmarthen, Bg«d 72, Mr. John 
Daviei., for many years one of the most 
leading and popular auctioneers in iha 
Principality. 

At Peonoyrc, Breconshire, the scat of 
hi» nephew, Lloyd Vauglian Watkins, esq, 
iiged yi, George Price Wotkins, esq. of 
Broadway, Carmarthenshire. 

At Brecon, aged 75, Elisabeth, dau. of 
the late Rer. Simon Williams, of Tre- 
dustnn. 

At Tenby, aged 2.'», Joli: " ' ,. esq. 
eldest son of thr Inle >am 

flrecdon, esq. of De la lii 

At St. Helen's, near Swansea, aged 77, 
tbe relict of Capt. John Jones, R.N. 

June G. At Calcot Uail. Fliotab. aged 
18, Mary Catharine, eldest dau. of R. J, 
M. • 

— /Uay 19. At Wemyss 

H;i:., 1 tc. Margaret Hunter, wife of 

Lieul.-Col. Willi.ini Low, Madras Army. 

ifai/ 'in. At Selkirk, Margaret, dau. 
uf the late Rer. Dr. Lawson. 

A/a^ 31. At Etliiiburgb, Anna Prit> 
cilia, dnu. of ihc late Rev. Dr. Joha 
Blair, Prebendary of Westminster. 

iMtcty. At Unlcary, in the stcwartry 
of Kirkcudbright, aged 72, James Gor. 
don, e»q. of CuUeunan, the senior Re< 
tired Judirc of the late Commissary Court 
of Edinburgh. 

IrelaM).— .Vfly .1. Aged 30 John 
Gatcbetl, esq. B.P. ofCooIencran, Ireland. 

Ue wan shot il'' •■ ' - ■■ • f'lun. 

faulrognc, wbii to ft 

farm about tl; uuse. 

He had been latch : a magts* 

tratc, and us«d to petty ses. 

Hlon« there. Uc win miiiiil a short 
Ume nnd had ouo rhild. Tlin mother, 

' " ' '• • ■ 'hrd with him. 

1?. At Millbrook, 

■' "<Jur, esq. laUi of Net- 

ting Uiii, Keuttuglua, 



I«Li or Maw.— A/arc* 28. At Dou- 
' glu, Henry, jronngest son of the late 
Rer. Horace Suckling, Rector of Bar- 
sIiBra, Suffolk. 

East Ixdiks.— Jan. I'i. At Calcotta, 
aged 1'9, Lieut. Henry Paulett Budd, of 
the 17th Regt. of Nat, Inf. second »on of 
Edivard H. Budd, esq. of Elcombe House, 
WroughtOD, Will*. 

Feb. 26. At Ahnicdnngg:ur, Lieut. 
Theophilns William Stracbey, of the 29th 
Madras Nat. Inf. eldest son of Capt. 

Hrachcy, R.N. 
bifarcAll. At Nellore, while proceed- 
f TTith the 40th Regt. to join his corps, 
DsigD P. F. Nicholson, of the 13th 
Regt. Nat. Inf. son of George Nicholion, 
esq. of Hertford, and of Abingdon-it. 
Westminster. 

March 13. At Coimbatoor, aged il, 
Ueat. Arthur John Patteson, of the 19th 
Na. Inf. third son of Henry Patteson, esq. 
of Woburn.pl. Russell-sq. 

West Indies. — Feb. 16. At Jamaica, 
John Hercy SUa\r, esq. eldest son of John 
Shaw, esq. of Jersey. 

AjinoAD. — Oct. 1. At Wellington, 
Port Nicholson, in her 19th year, and in 
her confinement, Caroline Ellen, wife of 
Mr. H. S. Tiffen, of the Surveying Staff 
of the New Zealand Company ; the 
youngest dau. of Cajit. Mark White, 
k.N. Hastings. 

Oct. 30. In the Pireeus, aged 35, Mr. 
Matfacwson Corry, Surgeon of H.M.S. 
" Scout." The Hon. Capt. Drummond, 
and other ofBcers of that ship, hove 
Bfcctcd a marble tablet to his memory in 
the Protestant church at -Mhens. 

Not. 20. At Hobart Town, aged 3i, 
Theophilus Swiftc, esq. eldest son of 
Edmund Lenthall Swiftc, esq. the Keeper 
of her Majesty's Jewel House. His death 
was occasioned by an apothecory, who 
■ negligently administered too large a quan- 
^^■v of laudanum. 

^HOV'op. !K. At LauncestoD, Van Dic- 
^^fai's Land, aged 36, Alfred William, 
second son of the Rev. Thomas Home, 
of St. Katharine Coleman, Fen- 

St. 

T. At Sydney, New South Wales. 
It, George Richards. 

29. At AmoT. after two days' 
H.M.S. "Serpent." 
iJows Noble, son of 



0BITI7AItr. 



fJuIy. 



t. I 

Aiiui 
I. 31. 



,\ 



March 17. At Funchal, Madeira, i^d 
J5, J. H. Bcale, esq. 

At Baltimore, United State*, aged 39, 
Philip Thomas, fifth sou of the late W, 
Dawson, esq. Wakefield, York'hire. 

March 18. k\. Messina, Sicily. Jobu 
Peter Jordan Cailler, esq. 

March 19. On board the Cornwall 
transport, on bis passage from China to 
England, Lieut. Thomas Scrcombe, of 
U.M. !6th Regt. and son of N. Seccombe, 
esq. of Plymouth. 

March 21. At his seat. Eastwood, 
near the Tillage of Woodstock, Canada, 
aged 64, Rear Admiral Vansiltart. 

March 22. Laurence Williams, esq. 
of Para, Brazils, late partner of William 
Inglis and Co. of Pbilpot-lane, London, 
and the firm Inglis, Williams, and Co. 
Para, son of William Williams, esq. of 
New York, America. 

April 7. Lost, on bis Toyage to the 
West Indies, in the Solway steamer, aged 
44, Edward B. Haly, esq. formerly of 
Barbadoes, and late of London. 

/tpril 9. At Avrancbes, in France, 
Eleanor, wife of Major J. K. Clubley, 
Madras Establishment. 

April 10. At Naples, aged 44, George 
Tnrnour, esq. Treasurer and Member of 
Council of the Royal GoTernment of Cey- 
lon ; eldest son of the late Hon. Geotge 
Turnour, by IZmilia, niece of the Cardinal 
Due di: Bausset. 

April 10. At Lisleax, Normandy, 
France, aged 73, Capt. John Bower, half- 
pay of 45th Foot. 

April 17. At Krankfort-oo-the-Maine, 
aged .59, Heiirietto, wife of John F. Nor- 
ris,esq. late of Nottinghnm-pl. 

April '2\. Count Gilbert de Voisins. 
This gentleman was Toglioni's hosband. 

At Bourbourg, France, Thomas Cuth- 
bert Backhouse, esq. formerly of Cald- 
beck, Cumberland. 

April io. At CoIo|B:ne, aged 35, Fanny, 
wife of Capt, John Williams, Royal Eog. 

April 26. At Bagn6rcs dc Bigorrc, 
Pyrenees, Sir James Nugent, Bart, of 
Ballinlough Castle, Ireland. He married 
in ll^ll Susannah, only dau. of the lata 
Baron d'Arabet : but, having left no 
issue, i* succeeded by his next brother 
James. 

April 30. \; •■ " Vt,., 

eldest kon of P. ,. 

/,/,/■,./., 'i-l... I '■.,.. 

noti! ir. 



■.lo- 
llol- riUi, , 

her Mujesly llii 
Mer, aged She Is Mid (n i 



Bclcrbiirg S 

\. At Bu 

Inilrtw. cUli'ji -luu ul the lato St. pen- 

[ St, John, wq. of Geyton Place, .^ 



13 liUlVI t 0)0, 



'ron de 
DU 



Obituary. 



in 



' ^untoJ «t lliat jierioJ to 

luk rouMcs. Tbe young 
universal licir. His sist«r 
■m, ' ronblrii. The Ifgacirs 

■i> 

A I Co(K uliag( u, Rom-- Admiral VVulff, 
oae of tlie hen trnnsUtors of Sliak«perc 
into D«n»h. 

Mny \. In P«rU. Lndy William Ben- 
tiack. She wat L»Aj Miry Achesoo, 
Mconit daugLter of Anliur first Earl of 
GotfonJ ; «■« married in 1803 to the 
Utc Lord William Beatinck, GoTemor- 
Mnerml of India, brother to the Duke of 
Portland, and left a widow in llj 39, having 



had no issue. Her ladyship had the bonoDr 
for m/uiy ycjir? of being the personal 
fHend of her Majesty the Queen of tbe 
French, and of her Royal Highnesa Mde. 
Adelaide. 

Mat/ 6. At Dinan, Britaoy, aged 68, 
Peter Matthew Dixon, esq. of Gibbini, 
.lamaica, nephew of the late Sir Manly 
Dixon. K.C.B. Adm. of the White. 

Mai/ 9. At Paris, aged 33, William 
Clunp'beU Otlley, esq. M.A. late Fellow 
of CaiuB College. Cambridge. 

May 11. At Passy, aged Hi, the Baron 
Mounier, formerly Secretary of Napo- 
laoa's Cabinet. 



TABLE OF MORTALITY IN THE METROPOLIS. 

From tht Return) itnitd ty He Hegittmr General. 
Dr.jvTHB Registerkd from May 27, to Jvsf. 17. (4 weeks.) 

Under la 15.38- 

lo to 60.. 

60 and upwarda 

Age not fipecilied 



Mules l7fO I n-,. 

Kemulea 171«»"*-^' 



15.38 -J 
••*^f3537 
id Ij) 



AVERAGE PRICE OF CORN, June 2A. 



nrheit. 


Barley. 


Onts. 


Rye. 


/. d. 


t. rf. 


/. d. 


». d. 


n 9 


27 G 


17 11 


29 10 



Beans. 

I. d. 
27 7 



I Peat. 
<. d, 

S9 a 



PRICE OF HOPS, June 2*. 
Bnatex Pockeu>, i/. 10«. to al. 8».— Kent Pocketa, U. 16*. to 51, I2t. 



PRICE OF HAY AND STRAW AT SMITHFIELD. June 24. 
Hay. 3/. 10*. to 47. 15» Stran-, il. 5». to 2/. lOy.— Clover, il. It. to ol. W: 



SMITHFIELD, June 24. 

...„ ;i». Orf. to Vt. 

.« 3». Srf. to 4». 

,„ St. Sd. to 4*. 



To sink the OfTal— per stone of 8Ibs. 



Porlc.......M.. 3«. r«f. to 4*. 



Orf. 
2rf. 
6,/. 
6rf. 



Head of Cattle nt Market. June 84. 

Beasts.. 466 Cnlvcs 371 

ShcepandLambs 10,590 Piga .<)90 



COAL MARKET, June 24. 
Walla Ends, from ld<. Od. to 20i. Orf. per ton. Other sorts from I^i. 6rf. to 80*. M. 

TALLOW, per cwt— Town Tallow, 4I». Orf. Yellow RuBsia, t4«. Orf. 
CANDLES, 0<. per dor:. Moulds, 0». OA 

PRICES OF SHARES. 

At the Office of WOLFE, Brothehs, Stock and Share Brokers, 
23, Change .\llcy. Cornhill. 

Binnin(;ham Canal, 193. Ellesracre and Chester. Go. Grand Junction. 143. 

—— Kennet and Avon. 12. Leeds and Liverpool, 6.W. ReRcnfa, I9J. 

Rochdale, 64 London Dock Stock. !>.i St. Katharine's, 1074. East 

■ad Wc«t India. IM. •^— London and Birniinitliam Railway, 210. Great 

t»', - Loniliin and Soutliwestrni, 04^. Grand Junctimi U'ater 

VV'. —Weil Middlesex, 112. (Jlobc Insurance. 130J. (iuurdinn, 

43j. iiij;.r.7|. Chartered Ga«,f>5i. Imperii Gas, 7i. Phtenix Gas, 

3?, LoniUinaud Westminster Bank, 2.1. Reversionary Interest, 100. 

For Prices of all other Shares, emiuire as above. 



i 



iI2 
METEOROLOGICAL DIARY, bt W.CARY, Strand. 

Prom May 26 io Jnne 23, 1843, bot/i incltttire. 



Fahrenheit's Therm. 



•8-5l|.g 

tSsss 



Maj'l 
26 
27 
29 
29 
30 
31 
J.I 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 
10 



28 I 61 

iH 62 

51 67 

45 48 

56 : 61 
08 [ 67 
00 61 
54 64 I 51 

57 1 65 52 



lij 



B 
o 



in. pts, 

20,72 

, 50 

.50 

, m 

30, 10 
2!», 89 
, 69 
,35 
,M 
.65 
.80 
,82 
. 91 

,4a 

.83 



Weather. 



cl.fr.h.shrs. 

Fnir, do, do. 
ido.iil.<h.tb.l. 
' «hwr».fn.cljr 
I lair cl. (I. all. 

do. do. do. do. 
icly. b1. sh. I'r. 

shwrs.cljr.do 

(nir do. 

do. do. 

d. fr. aba. rn. 

do. beavv do. 

Ir. cly. 8l. th. 

do.du.du.do. 

do.do.do.do. 

do.do.do.do. 



Kahreiilieit's 'I'liemi 



i^^lk = 









11 

12 
13 
It 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
80 

ei 

22 
23 
24 
25 



a 



58 I 02 
50 I 56 
48 , 53 

58 I 65 
60 j 66 
62 , 68 
e<) 68 
53 66 
53 01 
52 j 54 

59 I 67 
68 I 66 I 

60 67 
58 63 
58 60 



e 


|in. pta. 


53 


30,04 


52 


, in 


55 


.87 


58 


,97 


53 


30, 


: 57 


. , m 


55 


29, «t 


58 


. Hi 


51 


, **'* 


32 


30, ia 


5» 


. 13 


54 


' .04 


56 


, 08 


:>i 


1 .06 


49 


|29.95 



Weather. 



do.do.do.do. 
'do.do.do.do. 
cly.cosnt.ni. 
|sl. aba. cl. fr, 
ifioe 

do. cloudy 
( do. do, 
lait do. 
cinudy, fiur 
do. 

itair, fine 
riotidy, fair 
fair, fine 
do. do. 
cloudy, fair 




THE 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 

AUGUST, 1843. 
By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent. 



CONTENTS. 

o« CoRBESpov-t^^ T . I'-.-'- i-r't of Spemcr — Iriab knd PbeeDici&o — 

I'njiubli.'hed A Porjon ) |4 

Lirk fit- Sir Da\i .. Cunoiiigliitm .*.... I|S 

The Cliun-h iif Cogxi, Olniuurgaiisliirc .•••••.••4.,... |S9 

R(tri«ir nf Sir \V. I<<'th«m''« Ktruri* Celtic* miiquoteJ 130 

Si.' ' near Hyde Abbey, HaDti ,. 13I 

Dr i«e nith Mi8. LeoDox 132 

L«*N,-.... . > ...,. . i,. — ....^ t^r the Domjiucauur Black Fri«r» — Origiul Sur- 
TTjr taken iu t54K at the Site antl Muterlola ul' Die Church anil Precinct of 

tbe> Block or Doniinieiui Friara, London , , |33 

Tnt roiiTRAiTS or Versailles, No. II. ....................>. 137 

IV KoTcrca of Roman Ciuups •• 140 

B«t, Est, Est — Monument at Montefi»scoa« 141 

Diary of Peter Le Neve, Esq. Norroy King at Arms 149 

Cnt'"'' i ProtcsUnt Scholart— The Arnaulda— Port R<^al— Calu— 

lad. dc Scvigni? , 143 

E»' . i:i» regarded as Jews — Defenc* of the translation of the word 

'• fellow " in Matt. xivL Gl — ZuingUus on the Solvation of the Heathen — 
Seratamini Scripturas — Revelations in Dreams — Llorente — Mosheim — 

SIsmnndi — Charles Butler — Leti — VariUas — Moore 150 

MiMOiR or M.vjob-Gen. Thomas Dundas, and the Expkoition to 

r:. ... ..„,.pB IN 1794 (KriM o f/a/e) ISri 

HI NEW PLBLKATIONS. 

< onal History of George IV. 161 ; Lawrence's History of Women 

in England, 163 ; Gresley's Bernard Leslie, 164 ; Papers of RegnauU, 167 ; 
Wiiulow's Remains, ib. ; Cotton's Bee Book, 168 : Mac Neile on Mesme- 
rism — Saadby's Mesmerism the Gift of God, 16'J; Loudon's Suburban 
Horticulturist, 1 71 ; Loudon on Laying out Cemeteries, 173 ; Papers of the 

' '■■ 'lire Top. Society, 173; the Order of Daily Service, with Plain- 

; Immauuel, or God tvith us ; and Collectanea Antiquo, No. I. I70 

F[> - — The Competition Cartoons, 170 ; Sculpture 177 

LlTEkAKV AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.— 

New PnbUcations, 177 ; University of Oxford, 183; UniTcrsity of Cambridge, 

li. ; Kinc's College, London, ii. ; University College, London, ii. ; CbcU 

tenU-tm I'niprictary College, 1H4; King's College, 'Toronto, <4. ; Royal 

' 1 ' ^ ciety, I*. ; Library of J. S. Hawkins, esq. ib.; The Wilson 



At 



185 



. — Oxford Architectural Society, liG; Proposed City Im- 

pruvrmcnts, 1/', ; New Church at Bishport 189 

ANT1HI:aR1AK I<I:sEARCHES.— Discoveries at Colchester, 189; the 
Tankard, at Ipswiih, it.; Tumulus at Roughom, Suffolk, 19U; Roman 
Vtila in Normaiidv. it/. : Antiquities in France, ib. ; Remaiiu of Nineveh, 

"" " • lities 191 

'" ICLE. — Proceedings in Parliament, 191 j Foreign 

-lie Occurrences 193 

Pnimotions and Prr.iermcuts, 197; Births and Marriages 198 

OBITUARY ; with Memoirs of Vise. Hereford ; Rt. Hon. Sir C. Bagot ; Dr. 
Lipscomb, Bp. of Jamaica ; Sir F. A. Mackenzie, Bart. ; Adm. the Hon. M. 
J. UennikHr; Col. tin. Hon. Sir 11. Townshcnd ; Adm. Sir Robl. Barlow. 
■•' ' " '■ "^^ " ' ■ '■■'•' K.C.B. ; Lleut.-Gen. Johu Ross, 

■ r-Gen. Sir Daviii Poulii; t^ol. Sir 

. , -.--:-; Sir Edmund Siimley : Col. C^has. 

i'wbes; J. J, Mn|i« Vere, esq. ; John Wharton, esq ; Urkndo Standish, 

«»!|. ; K. T. Mnync. c»q. ; Nooh Webster, LL.D. : Rev. Sam. Kidd ; W. S. 

<v. IlakewiU ) John Murray, esq. : Rev. Jas. Worsick ..VUl— 413 

. «I.l 

' ■ il5 

Moilidily ill thir Mntiopoli* — Market*— Prices 

.- . -^(jical Diary— Stocks V)A 

ibelliabed wltJi Vrana f« Ct'ABALoupa, and MoKTiviKHt ta -tttxVUUQi't 



MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. 



■ 



The following traditionHl history of the 
extinction of tlie dcsccnd«nl» of tlie poet 
Spenser is written by one of his descend- 
ants in the female line. Should any of 
our friends be able to supply that test of 
fact* and datci which such tradional ac- 
counts gciienilly require, we shall feel 
obliged by their coinniunicatioMs. " Do- 
rothy Spencer was married into the family 
of Power, at that lime of Ring in the 
CO. Cork. Settlement was made on the 
children of this marriage, and ynt charged 
on certain of the property of Spencer ; lub- 
lequently, proceedings were taken to raise 
the charge by a Protestant relation, (the 
parties being Catholics, and the penal laws 
m force,) and the last estate of Spencer 
was on that occasion sold. Voung Spen- 
cer finding himself reduced to extremity 
committed suicide at the old castle of 
Revney, on the estate in question, in the 
neighbourhood of Tallagh, and thus ended 
the direct male line, as well as the pro- 
jierty of the poet. F>om a comparison of 
circumstances and ages this last event 
might have occurred about 180 years ago. 
The detail was given by one of the parties 
immediately concerned. The worthy 
friend who took proceedings in trust put 
the money in his own pocket." 

G. C. remarks, in reference to the re- 
marks on the origin of the Irish language 
in our last number, that Mr. Ducking, 
ham, the traveller and lecturer, on one 
occasion said he was acquainted with a 
Moorish merchant who was visiting In 
Kiigland and Ireland, and understood the 
IrisTi language without having any know- 
ledge of English. He stated that in the 
course of his profession he had occasion 
to dwell for a considcrnble time in the 
mountains in the neighbourhood of Mo. 
rocco, and learnt llic lungunge of the Crihes 
there, and, when visiting In Dublin, was 
exceedingly Burpiiscd at hearing t^vo 

{•copic at the post office speaking the 
angiuige he haa been uix'uslDmed to in 
tb« mountains. He asked them where 
thry learned it, and their reply was it was 

the ';. ■' ^ ':-'■■ 

borp 
and ' 
•elf 

ever' 

Oar 

Mlf. 



of whose city is not a great fli't/ane r from 
them. Another instance is this. A 
Alussulman hawker of rhubarb uboiiC 
the streets, several years since, spoke and 1 
understood Irish, and said it was ib« j 
languog« he had learned in his own coun- 
try. Nobody believed him, thinking him : 
an impostor, und told him he waa aqj 
Irishman, who was obliged to diagui*4| 
himself on account of some crime. An ' 
Irish lady, also, residing at Morocco soma < 
time, was astonished to bear the people | 
who brought tilings to market from tba 
country speak the language of her coud> 1 
try. The only way she could account for 
it was by supposing some Irish had been 
there and taught them. 

FuiLo-PouaON remarks, " It has been 
a matter of regret to many that the valuable 
notes of Professor Porson on the Greek 
lexicographers and Latin authors have not 
yet been published. As lung ago aa the 
year 1810 we have been told of their ex*] 
cellence, the specimens that have Bpj>eare4] 
have by no means tended to diminish the j 
belief in their usefulness, and yet ibeyj 
still lie idle in Ttinlty college library, j 
Surely among the many splendid scholar* | 
that that noble society hos produced, one! 
might be found to take upon biiuiclf thai 
labour of editing these Inst remains of i 
the first scholar the world has yet seen. [ 
A life of this great man tuo is still a d(> 
aideratum. although we have less tu com- 
plain of on this score from the interrslingi 
memoir by Mr. Kidd. and those in Dr. j 
Aikin't. Atheneuui, tlie Encycl. Orilann. [ 
Sexagenarian, and in the second part of ' 
your 78lh volume.'' 

Can any of your readers furnish me, 
through the medium of your Magazine,! 
with any notices of the name of Slavclerfl 
throughout the kingdom ? bci: ill 

in forming a historical chart oi 
f. 

K. T. (p. 2.) will f 
Mallet in his puetns pui' 
of Paleriiosler.row, and entitlcii "Cooke's 
Pocket Kdiliuii of British Poets." 

i» from foot, /or 

'■n It! ) rrnit trnrtr 



(■rr •utiugrj, (4 



THE 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 



Tite Life of Sir David Ifilkie. By Allan Cunningham. 3 voU. Bvo. 

THE n»e and puqxMe of biograpliy, wlilcb may be called " Lesser His- 
," is two-fold. In the first place, it is intended to narrate the events 
facts which form the life of the subject of it; giving, as far u 
words can give, such a portraiture and likeness of the original, as stamps ita 
(iteotity, and distingiiithcfi it from the resemblances of ail other persons 
But it has n further and higher object in view than what is confined to 
the delineation of the features of the individual, and to the history of his 
life and mind ; which is, to carr)^ out the instruction gained to purposes of 
general utility, to excite emulation of all that is praiseworthy, to awaken 
congenial virtues in the breasts of others, to confirm the natural abhor- 
rence which all good and ingenuous minds feel towards what is base and 
low and aclfiKh in the private intercourse and social character of men ; to 
call forth industry and the exertion of talent, to place high aims and noble 
purposes before the mental eye, to disengage us from the present, and 
keep our views steadily fixed on the achievement of future objects, 
however distant or even uncertain they may appear; to show how all 
dilTirultics vanish before the firm and determined mind ; and, lastly, 
to rvprrss its sympathy with genius, when by a laborions and 
!> lion of its powers it has triumphed over all op]H)sition from 

v\ i without, and has produced the great result of its labour in a 

work that commands the admiration of its contemporaries, and reuiaius an 
imperishable monument of w hat may be achieved by the judicious eulti- 
valiun of the natural powers of the mind, earnestly directed to some par- 
ticular province of science and of art. This, then, is the lesson that we are 
todraw from all works in which the history of individual life is laid before 
us ; not only to study what it tells us of the past, but to draw from it all 
that it may suggest for the future ; to consider ourselves as standing side 
by tide with the original figure, and drawing instruction from the failure 
or auccess, the errors or virtues which we observe amid the chequered life 
of the man. and which stanqied it with ita characteristic hue of sunshine 
or of gloom, according as favourable or adverse circumstances have most 
prcTOiIed. Ttiese observations may be applied to the work now imme- 
diately before us, a work written with sucli fulness and minuteness of 
detui, j» w ill imparl instruction to the painter, yet under the direction 
i»f fcurh brotid fttid general principles an may be successfully tninspluntcd, 
Dd :• iisly used in the direction of life and conduct in olhrr pro- 

cumstanees altogether difTcrent. The two leading features 
(•' lift, we think, were to be found in his extreme devotion to his 

Ell ii'nse lovo of it, the entire command which it iM>Me(sed over his 

mind,— and secondly, in the scMic a])p1ication of his jKrwcrs, bin uu- 
wearic<l indo^try, his total dedication of time, thought, body, arid mind to 
the service of that work, for the succcjisful cultivation of which he knew 
that he had relinquished all otlifi niiim and pur{x>sc» of life, and ou which 




Cnnninghniii's Life of Sir David Wilhie. 



[Aug. 



SI8 

or 
tr; 

I P« 

i 

Mr 



everything that was dear to him, the hope of indcpciidcnrc, and the en 
joymeiit of houournble fame, ami the friendship of the rnlifrhtciicd ami the 
infornjcd, and the anxious thoughts of his parents and relations, and his 
own peace of mind, and perhaps his very health and existence, were staked. 
As regards W'ilkic's extreme att«chra»;nt to his art. it not only appears in 
every page of the work before us, and in the very spirit that animate:! the 
whole from the beginning of his career to the end ; but we have also 
often heard the same from those who were intimately acquainted with him, 
and one of whom, a person of the highest attainments and taste iu .nil the 
sister-arls, has more than once used the expression in our hearing, 
*' Wilkic lived but to paint." Mr. Cunningham, his biographer, has sup- 
Iportcd the truth of this observation with particular details. He informs 
118 that wherever Wilkic went, he was on the look out for fresh characters 
or change of costume. He treasured the remembrance of singular con- 
trasts of colour, or accidental and happy easts of drapery, as surely as his 
pencil could pourtray them. He ransacked (his favourite spot of sturly) 
II the quaint and antiquated furniture of the brokers' shops, the gothic 
ihairs, the carved settees, the long-shanked German glasses. At an old 
English change-house he would look and look and look again. In the 
jrogress of his daily works, as may be read in his journals, will be seen the 
study and labour required in the purchase of ];isting reputation.* 

" The meanest object," says Mr. Cuii- take a third before the breeze scatters the 



w 



oingbam, " obtained its due share of 
thought. All the auxiliaries of the pic- 
ture contributed to its scnlinieut ; ho 
put in no article of furniture nicrdy to fill 
up blanks ; all were regarded ns matters 
of harmony, or conlirmativc of the story. 
The students loved him even for \\\s great 
attenlion, wAicA in Aim teemrd a matter 
of eontcience. ' Really it is wonderfnl,' 
he said, ' how men will trifle time ; they 
will squander hours, days, nay weeks, on 
the merest trifling, neglecting the study 
of an art, which, even with the moat 
gifted, requires a lifetime to attain.* 
He compared the sladents who florked 
wmually to the Academy to the seed of a 
pe thistle. ' See,' said he, ' to each of 
esc downy parachutes one grain of sound 
teed is attached, anil as the wind lifts 
them in the sir, they are WBflC4l fts it 
blows over the face of the corlh. There 
cannot be less than a thousand seeds in 
the full-grown putla ; the birds of the air 



whole : another third falbt on the water, 
or on a barren place ; and at last, when 
nature examines the rrsnlt, it is found 
that only one seed out of the thoasood 
has fallen in a fruitful plain, and flou- 
rished. So it is with the students of art : 
a half who come can have uo rvjil natural 
call for the fine art* ; they come bccnase 
others come, or because they dislike the 
study shnped out for them by their friends, 
or bccauire tliey think art is a beautiful 
thin^, and nil her stuilics pleasant ; in 
short, mil one lores art with all their 
heart, and witli nil their soul, and with 
all their strength : they linger for a few 
montht. perhaps for a few years, about 
the Academy seaUi, and then silently makn 
way for other swarms, who come and stare, 
or study, or make moutht at Raphael or 
Reynolds, and liuiilly go on Ihnt way, 
and oic all save one in a sfuson or »o 
heard of no more.' " 



• Little do those unacquainted with the practice of art know the iiieenaant saiTiSiwa 

demands of il» protcs«ors, in ni.lef not only to acquire, but rrrn to maintain, the 

rquiiition made. We eive an example from an art not reckoned nmone ihr hiiclirat, 

Bor most difbciilt ; liii' ' > - — .. . t, . , ■' »nli- 

ct. Mons. Corirdiii 'i nl 

he Opera, she said, ■' .eua 

ittachts a notro <^tat. ' - m- 

liom, est dans I'im] 1>ii 

|r.xigr uae/ ■ 

tvret. ft I: 



i." SoaTcnin tie 6. Uinrilo, vol. li, p. *H. 



«43.] 



Ctiiiiiiiiglianrs L\fe of Sir David tVilkie. 



117 



It 18 not our iiitciiltoii to ^vc any abri(lj;fd account of WilUie's life, 
which ciili oiil) he ica<l ailv»iitageoiisly wlicii accoiii]>aDicd with the history 
of his Moiks, and of his progress and success in art. He kept, botli 
abroad and at home, a very accurate journal of his daily life, uniting a 
critical account of tlie pictures he saw, his reflections on various branches 
of painting as they occurred at the time, observations on the works of the 
old masters iu collections he visited, as well as on the style of his contcm- 
(wiarics, with mention of the visits of friends, patrons, and conuoisseurs. 
He aUo corresiwndcd with Sir J. Beaumont, Sir R. Peel, his friend Collins, 
besides rocmljers of his own family ; and, from these sources of informa- 
tion joined, a very clear and full picture of his own life is placed before 
the public eye — most interesting both to those who read it within and 
without the circle of his art. From this we shall make a few extracts on 
parts prominently brought forward by him, or on such as have beeu ha- 
bitually subjects of particular curiosity with us ; but the reader must pe- 
rii»e the original very carefully, and repeatedly, to draw from it the mine 
of valnnble information it contains. 

Wilkie left Scotland for I^oudon on the 20th May, 1805, when he was 
between niuetecn and twenty. He took lodgings in Norton Street, New 

td. and in July he writes to his fellow-student MacDonald the following 
t>unt of the merits of some of the leading academicians , — 

" Tho AcAilcinjr was not opent'd till a bold adventure ; but lie was determined 
Mondajr b'«t. I have been lipre for up- to go abroad somewhere or other, and 1 



wirdt or MX wrelm, nnd duriug all that 
lime I bare lierii «|ieiiiling money to no 
ote. 1 need not Ik- vrry particular 
Voountiag every orcnircacc that has 
_ rncd since I left you. Let it tnffice 
that 1 landed here itafc on the Friduy nftcr 
I raw Toll, 'ind here I amgtill. Amongst 
till! i •lidnftcr InMifinghcre, 

I » liibitinn «t ^o/iicrict 

li' iu' !i I nna viiy much 

•n: were picture? of oil de- 

Ki.; if good and some bud ; but 

I nndonlaoU this yoor'i exhibition, com- 
pamliTcly, wa« a very poor one, which 
tlwayt will be coiistidcrcd to whco the 
priuciiHil pict»irc« arc portrait!. Opic, 



1,0,...:.... :..... 


1 -..., 


•ciice «ccm to be the 


pn 




,11 th.it line ; though 
^'■c, yet he surely is a 


o,.^ . . 




difty ptiotcr. 


The 


only grcot historical 


ptelnr^ in it. 


and 


Ihc one that attracted 


mi- 

I-)-; 




picture by West, of 
1 iimuf to Achilles,' 
n very grand design, 


Wlllt-O > 




but t d 




it us well 09 some 


uUiirk ' 




I'a that 1 have seen 


•In 


WHS 


' A Ilov and an Asa' 


»') 


of the room*, which I be- 


Jlrvr j'.u Clin 


' ■ 


■ ri he ka 


8<Mtl<iad. 1 M 


hfivcdone 


It b«Her. 11 




■i narrow 


■liiidowt unil 




'«, which 


1 iliiii'l lit 'ill 




ihiil that 


Ut' 




•t». 


All. 




»t 


St. ret 




;.il n.iili.ii Ifjlil litis 


Itboat a 1 




l'). This is cerlaioly 



hope he may succeed. Since I came to 
town, I hare conversed with some of the 
first artists in the kingdom : I have been 
introduced to Floxman, Nollekens, Fuscli, 
and West. Mr. Flaxman is the best mo- 
deller we have. I was introduced to him 
by a letter that I brought with oie from 
Scotland ; and be introduced mc to Mr. 
Fuscli, who is the professor of painting 
in the Ac'idemy, and a very kind good 
sort of man he is. He questioned mc 
about our artists in Edinburgh — inquired 
if Graham painted any. Ho had heard of 
the fame of Racbum ; he admired the 
works of the celebrated Runciman, and 
asked if I had ever seen his Ussinn's Hall 
at Pennycuick ; he also in(|uircd about 
David .Mian, and, for all bis bad 
drawing, allowed him a very consi- 
derable degree of merit. A friend of 
mine, who is a very great connoisseur, 
took me . to Mr. West's house, where 
we found that celebrated artist engaged 
in painting a picture : but how much was 
I astonished at his wonderful works, 
which for grandeur of dcsiga, clearness of 
colouring, and correct ontlinc, surpass any 
modern pictures I have yet seen ; bia 
figurc^ji have, no doubt, a flatness about 
them, hut, with all his fault.*, we have not 
a painter that can draw like him. I have 
been seciiiB a gallery of pictures by Mor- 
land which pleased mc very much indeed. 
He seems to have copied nature in every 
thing, and in a manner jieculiar to him- 
self. When you look at his pictures yon 
ICC in them the very same figures that wc 



m 



Canningliam's Li/e of Sir David WiUcit. 



CAog. 



M« litre every <lay in the itrecti, which, 
from the vorietj and looseneu in their 
tireas, form an appearance that is truly 
pictoresque. and much superior to our 
peasantry in Scotland. I have also seen 
>ome pictures by Tenieri, which for clear 
tottchiag certainly go to the height of 
human perfection in art : tley make all 
other pictures look misty beside them. 



As for Turner, whom yon Hbts het 
Allan speak of, I do nut nt all undenti 
his method of painting : bis designs oriil 
grand, the effect and colonring natural, 
bat his manner of handling is not to my 
taste ; and, although his pictures ore not 
large, you must see tbam from the other 
end of the room before they coa utiify 
the eye," *c. 



* 



In the September uf tlie same year AVilkie became accidentally ac- 
qnainted witli Mr. Stodart, on whom lie called for tlie porchaseof a piano- 
forte. Tbe pianofoi'to uiaker bappcned to be married to a Wilkic, had 
some taste for painting as well as inusic, and in the way of business was 
acquainted nith the Countess of Mansfield and her son the Earl. Mr. 
Stodart's was the first portrait which \Vilkie drew, and in December he 
was admitted as a student of (ho Academy. He had also painted the Pit- 
Jessie Market for his friend ; and now 

on his thumb, ' We must go and see 
this Scottish wonder, Jackson,' said Sir 
George : and they followed him to Wi|. 
kic's abode, where they found the Village 
Politicians all but finished. Two such 
judges rouUI not but see its worth at once, 
anil, as they had generosity as well as good 
judgment, they spread the fame of the 
picture round the bright circles to which 
they belonged. They were not only 
plcasud with the works of the artist, but 
charmed with the simplicity of the man; 
and being both good i ■.,),„.> =„([ ||,g 
former a landscape pn nencc. 

saw that he was above ' n mark 

— a decided original, in short ; and one, 
too, who found his subjects in the do- 
mestic circles of his native land. They 
did not leave hb studio wjtiioni commls- 
ii,,t,.,,^ .. j.icture each. '''•'■- -^r',^ ,,f ,1,5 
George Be-i' i 

• s. These < '•■ h 

opf^neU llie doors of tliu Lciujtlo o( iamc 
to Wilkie, seem to have tiplifted him little. 
He foresaw that the cost of execution 
would, at the rate which he wrought. 



" The influence of the friendly Stodart 
began to be visible in the fortunes of 
Wilkie, The Earl of Mansfield 00 sooner 
law Pitleuie Fair than he felt its beauty 
as a composition, and had enough of old 
Scotland in him to perceive that it was as 
true to the people as the siin is to sum- 
mer: he sought out the painter in his 
obscure abode, where he found him with 
all his pictures and studies around him. 
■^Tien Wilkie hung up n small picture or 
two in the window at Cliiiring Cross, he 
put the very modest price of six guineas 
each on them ; but he had now discovered 
that it was chea])er to study in the manse 
of Cults than in the middle of London ; 
and that living models, rich colours, and 
re»pectable lodgings — all necessary mat- 
ters in a polite art — devoured his sub- 
stance. He had all this in his mind when 
the Earl inquired what his price would be 
for psinling him a picture from his study 
of the Village Politicians, nic artist an- 
swered fifteen guineas, to which the Earl 
made no answer ; and Wilkie, who seems 
to have felt that his strength lay in that 
direction, proceeded to pnin' •'"■ i-i.-ii.i. 
OS he said, at a venture. A 
completion , the rumour n\, 
work of great genius, und likely to ncate 
a chancre in nrt. It chanced one day that 
Sir '■ " ... .,„, 

grn-. ..1. 

wht : 

they won 

them a \" 

to no Dutchmia liut cviv burs a luiicllc 



The V- T^ '• ■ : ■ 

the tml 

brctiirrii 1 ' 

rivallcl all h 

ing, the dramatic exccJluucc 



1 1 i uuf did he (ail 
', where hii hope 



lilllb ul liupc or uf (cor u ci{uc«H!d," H«. 



Ill 

■ ■•i 
it 



ul' Uic aiory, uud Umi iWcc udvM'tol)' of 



J843.1 



ConniDgbam'g Lift of Sir David Wilklc. 



119 



dtaamtUsT i» Uie chief head*. There wits h diiily crowd to *ee it. Mr. 
Aiig«rat<>in dcclnrcd that, hin picture had nil the npirit of 'ri-nior* mid the 
tinmoar of Hogarth. This led imincdintnlv to new pHtioimi;'-. At tho 
time when WilJoe wns painting his Sunday \Iorninj» nnd hii Itrnt iJiiy— 



bis next order — lie became acquainted with hl- 
•00, an artist who RubscijucBtly digtinguiih'*') 
~" timlarly as a connoisseur in foreign pn 
traits in Genoa, which are in .Sir li' 
tilled the situation of I'rofessor of Drawing in ■ 
M)d of Master of the Trustees" Academy in " 
When he returned from Itiily the Kccond time, in 
^Vitkie among his old asKOciatcs, an a young artist of 
promise, and desired to becouie acquainted HitL hiai. 



Wil- 

,'•-, and 

!ic Vandyke 

'q), and lie 

jc (>( Sandhurst, 

. with rcpotMion. 

ISOfi. he heard of 

more than ordiuary 




nf Sir L'avKl, 
(lapher, ' wr 

ttf.*^''"" "' 

d.j. 

and It Mr. 

tattmate : 

practice ' 

oClier's 

To b* K^: 



, ' tnyn Anilrcw WUkoii, iti * 

rjOii, writliin nflrr 1 lit* ilmtii 

if hit h\0' 

lime, one 



alwi}* acciir«t«, and be would dwtD for • 
vbofc loomiitg ou two or ihf«* pictafw. 
I wai »o much ilcUcfatad wuh ku ob— 
Titiont *nd entfauMUBi, that I siiiiwuil 

. »..l. (,. .... I.I. ...r. -n.k. I..,t liJi ]^^ 



CiilUDdar, all KtmiriKly «erjr 

and I wns Uild that It wai their 

thli mnj at one an- 

< conrerM about art. 

....^v. :..Ut tuch a society wa* 



•ft'* |id> 1 



»erj agreeable to me. Wilkic I alwap 

faaod very chri rfal . and aa we did not 

it« I' 'ime to Ibe pro- 

i! :ue. 1)11 'in* o<*-* 

ofitr ■ 
one of laatDT 
in voice and r^ 
bvi tbouht 1 
Toice. One ) 

noticing ; when any tiling wan .^h) timt 
W Ukie did not clearly undrrstaml, lir di<I 
Bot hentate to stop the ooDTaiastino till 
It was csplained : thii to ma aaenad odd, 
nsntclslly aa aome »' •'- ""^'inatSona rr. 
Mrat were about > ra In art. 

Host young men I ifht would 

bate acropled to apficar ifuorant i but I 
bar* sloee seen enou/jh to act down tbia 
nradlee of hb a* a proo f of fOpcrior U' 
tttmBmUof. Next day Vlllda euae with 
IlaydM to ae* the painting* wMek I hail 
blO< n h> trom Italy: tbry toU ma that 
YW«iu ffi^t-r p'fiTilttc"] artists to aee ilia 
Y' \n the week. I 

• sallerr rr^larly 

f • ' T>ntri» 

a: . t not 

kiK~ i.,-... .". i-. ,„, , of in- 

Wt« ftaaon:. Wllkie'a remarks were 



mt, the f 
*i -: of 00 i 

l^iUnCt ta Ibus introduced to Uie reader. 



I c'li .Kill ui M>. liouc'i 

Irr} ' , and cxteode*! tn'rn alao 

to ttii g.>iiiii(« of tbc Ma(T ~'iri 

and Mr. Anferatrin, I di' re 

tlut the (udiieB fame of U ;..,^ , ihe 

•na&llot change : he cooUnurd t)i« aatoe 
modcat man and the aame analaua (todnit, 
aftrr tbc ablMtkm of Tbt Vill^ foU- 
liciaos, u b« was bsfora. Iniatd, h» 
ralbar aaomad to avoid ootiM, and to aU 
taoh liinaalf tlM snore to Ua earif eoa> 
panioos ia art. Bofera tba EahlUlioB 
atoaaJ b« bad bagmn his piator* d Tba 
Bliad FSttdlrr. Tie had taksn lodRfa^ts 
beyond T' ' ' mrt Rosrt, pardjr£r 

hit he^ltl. , to aroid laicrmp- 

tiona from 111- timed vlaiton. Ii '' 
took btaaftisst srilh him, and It < 
I became aoqoalatH ■■"' '--Vioa 
palntrr. I rcmenib< i 
wilch WQkie lold u>. 
ntiter the actor called, aiid wax abowo In 
while he was aittlagoo s low sest, draasad 
as a wosaaa, with a looklBg-glaa* bcfora 
hlm^ parfonaju Ihc part of model for 
himaelf. Wflkie was oot tba man to b« 
to the least disoomposcd atbdag foaad in 
tocb a pUgbt. Baooiatar gasM on Urn 
tot a moment or ao, aod said, ' I need 
Dol tnlrnduf* myse4f.' • Truly no,' said 
' ' ' ' ) ou 

•of 




Wi 
oil 



woman, tttj moch at your srrtico.' " 

of 
> of 



WQUa, baTing Anisbad lb* pktaie on Aitn-a ui ui« .s<. 
of d* rand Piddkr. tamed btetiw«^ eaOod forth aUhiatk. 



Cunningham's Lijep/Str David fVilktt. 



lAug. 



the idens of Sir George Bciumont ; irlio, 
as he liail not interpored with his rriii- 
cisni during the progrcis of The Blind 
Tiddler, wos the more entitled to be heard 
[[wheru he could have no interest uve in 
fUie artist's success. The critic was strong 
nrherc the nrtist was weak. Tic was a 
«Iiohr as well «!< a uinu of tnsic : de- 
Ltondod too from a line of Icings and em- 
■ iterors s conversant with the history aud 
Vcharacter of the times of which the artist 
rdesired to give s lively image ; and, more 
[llian all, bad much of that loftiness of 
I soul which the man must shore iu who 
I faints patriots and heroes. Ue was a 
[gentleman delicate in all that affected the 
Itteliogs of men of genius. With what 
[graceful tenderness Ue hints the defects 
I Vhicb he observed in the colouring of The 
[]Blind Fiddler. ' Save me from myself,' 
Iksys Sir George, ' is as rational a petition 
[in pointing as in morals : some peculiar 
[colour is alwavs striving to get the better 
[of an artist — some fiiiesse in penciUiug, 
[under the pretence of nc.itnese, splendour, 
lor dispatch, is for ever ready to take pos- 
^^ssion of him, and requires all hi* vigi- 



lonce to oppose. I have - ' ■ ■ ! 

detect something in yoii 
I might mention it as u ■.■■.., — ^. i , 
ceire, or I think I perceive, a tendency to j 
— what shall 1 call it.- — t mctillip npm] 
pcaranco in some parts of tin- 
the woman witli the child, i 
about the apron nnd the head" 
child. Ronnd the blind infiii 
is a sort of slaty smoothness i 
one observes in nature : this appears 
his stocking and in various ports of hitj 
dress, 1 must again remind you that j 
these appearances are so tlight that I ( 
almost doubted whether 1 shonld mention i 
them ; but, on consideratinn, I thought t 
should ill act the part of a friend, did I | 
not warn you in time ; for a manner once j 
established is, I verily believe, iuvincible. I 
As to any particulnr colour gaioiog upott j 
you, I see no symptoms of it at present; I 
when I do 1 shall not fail to act the paK i 
of a flapper. Do not trouble yourself Ut > 
answer this : you arc much better emi> 
ployed, nnd wiU accept this mark of ny J 
good wishes us intended.' * 

I 



In another letter, written soon after the one above. Sir Ocorge adds, 



" I know few tilings more unpleasing 
Pin a picture than too great rmovt/ineiii : 
• there ore no objerts in nature perfectly 
imoct' : " ' ' ' ■ 

kll O' 



hirtimidcis hn 



indcrstooil this fact 

It ; and it is this 

drag, his scratch with 



the pencil-stick, and tiis tourh with tbf j 
polettc-kiufe, so Irne tu nalare, and »0 I 
delicious to an eyr capable of beiD|| I 

.1 by the tre > ' '' 

^ the want * 

.' Limansand oi . , : ..^U 

uccllcncc in other respects comparativelf < 
insipid.'" 

I 



The pU tflfcg of the " Sick I<ady." tlic " Jew's Harp," and the " C«| 
iFinger," are the ucxt productions of the arti&t's prncil, and llieir progre 
is mentioned in much det.iil in the journal wliicli Wilkic kept tif his dailj 
employments and of the events of his life. 

" Tho narrative nf this daily journal 
(says his biojrrapher) has hftn allowed to 
■flow on iu its full and simple detail till 
Ithe history of llic pictures of the Sick 
[l<»dy, llie .lew's Harp, and the Cot Finger, 
l-Was completed. Krom these entries 



■complisU • 
from tlir f' 



■ ' "■■''- ■'■'f^rullics, 

II dol- 

can ac- 

may be cheered 

•. None of these 



lips ; he rejected no advice withont dul]| 
considcrini; it ; be hesilatcd nt no 

{lerimeut rilhrr of colour or ar 
le boggled at no Isttour if ■ 
amendment, lie i 
and, in spite of cot 

In; ■ • I - - • 

s'. 

th . ; 

quired to the operatioos ot ■ 
wh^n the li|;ht of thr (Uy w 



Ill Ufr cfSir DtM mikit. 



aid ^— 

rilk ^1 

i«iit»arn 



I 



Aaaetiia7iiMektlMirCuwmc4ritaK7 titlof the iwifcMl." h*h 

I* IdlO U Minted a nMU pictare called ilie "l^laa «itli tW Giri'« 
Cap " for tbr Exihibitioii : befotv. bmrtrcr, tke gallery <ra* npm to tk« 
|MbSc. Wilkie rrcrirrd • letter frvmx Sir Gcorgt Bttaainaat iafonBini; hin 
lint Wnt ttioagbt it best tliAl tlic pictuic ahoaM bo withiinmi, as not 
npal to bb fumer predoctioM -, an<l lie al$« wtid that the prentliiig 
ofMsiaa was, anoog the artist'a friends in tfie Connc-il, that it woald 
pnideat to witbdnw it. 

•' Balllae eaow at the withdrawal of 
Ikia iiidara tram Ike ttktbilioa lus been 
tayatrl by ii i m b to tbr rinag f«in« of 
Mmrmrd Bird, wbgae pictam, formed ia 
J fHtif ami finai Uar w «lk of 
Ibowof Wakie.had 
dy am at t c J mnrli ■tuntion. Birl'i 
of Put, lad ' cm, 

aiMehbrient to th in 

tka cya. it weau, rv 

thaaaaMtch for V 

6M*S dp* anJ in a m ui v^Lj^nirLKUi ur 

ttmm tbcy ad^iMd. a> «c h»e Men, iu 
WMfcdiairal. Tbe ScoUnun had reigned 
thna yau*. aod come of his brethren who 
fisHked him for the •mlden r&me he h&d 
Mt-': sigh th*t reign 

■>1 those walk was 

iu mr uign luMori.:, i»rnclU with pleasure 
the downCm of the pan-and-fpoon style, 
IH fKrr fe/>.-)ffinc<lv ,-nll, .1 tliiit xf A^'ilkic : 
r\ '.(, a timid 

ail ii'daaoted, 

aadiUcBliy, auJ ia liis- o»u >|uiet way, 
" ■'l" ' * hii place to the new canditLxtc. 
We Bare seen when C'romek iutroduced 
Blld to Wilkie, the latter liked his oODi- 
yOii tto PS much; hat tliat, on a second ex- 
aaalnatJon, hr nbnted hi)' admirriLion a 
ttlU. r.nd I mntmlwr, when I »iiw Cro- 

IB It during the spring of 1810, 

hr ,•} of Bird nt n genius who 



liad alrrady roaoaered Wilkie wiib 
owB wrapoas, ura conclnded hit rulo 
by Myiii|(. ' Oti, Sir. he's prrde 
to hamble yoor tall thin coootrymaa, wtio 
is n uleat ■* tbe grate, and as prD«4 aa 
LvcH^.* Bird, in bit bapaieat moada. 
aercr reached the rigour of chararter. the 
dramatic skill, or the fine ;. "f 

Wilkie: but this was bid ni m 

tlie eyes of almost all the fiiru>U M the 
latter: the Council of the \e*deinr ad- 
vised him to retire fro " ■ ' '"i 
come, if he could, to ■ lu 
in greater ftrength. ! "ic, 
eiperieoced. too, in art, with tbe beat 
pictures of the Dutch and Flemish schools 
before them when they spoke, could see 
in the beat pictures which llird had vet 
painted aught to niali.' " : ' i of Tuft 
Village Politicians, T' i.lirr, or 

The Rent Day, aluruiL. .-. laurel*, 

seems most strange : there could be no 
doubt that the picture, which he too 
rashly withdrew, though limited in attb> 
ject, would have maintaiued Wilkie'i po> 
sition in art. and kept its place igiiost all 
opposition. He began to feel this when 
it was too Ute to retrace his steps ; and 
be felt, too, that it was safer to follow hia 
own bent than the adrice uf forty cooa- 
sellors." 



As it is nut our iutontioo to follow the suci'cosivc step;) of Wilkic's pio- 
fcaaioiul life, but rather to make a selection of n few piwMii^s which may 
osnvey ui idcn of his knowledge of hi« favourite art, and his dcvotcdncsa 
to H, nr select a letter which, in 182.3, he wiotu to Sir J. Bennmont on 
tbe (ubjcct of colouring. 



Many bcarty thanks for your »rry 



kind Ipttfr 

r 

ill 


Your opinions u|k)ii the 

nd Mirfnct in pictures 

■ 1 witli, and vnur pre- 

' ■ ' . .-ed- 

tiof 




- v.i iur- 

irge as ilie 

: ■■ want of 

1* ul a itiotitrd value. Tliat 

11 for so mncli as richly- 


C'.' 


. lukire. 1 



It as you 



h»vc used, and llio authorities you bar* 
ipioted, would hare their due weight upon 
those who guide, if not the t««t« of thw 
public, at least the tA«fp of artl«f« upon 
this point : those nrti-' ttuipalht 

large picture* for lli ' 111* 

dtcll'i -11 --liooU I.. . . . ii.ii.'ira 

to 1 1' 'ie«», and n- ir- 

n>.|. of comnii." ill). 

nci.> lliiii viin alone hnnimniae Kitit white. 
If I might point out to yiiu nuothrr de- 
fect, very prevalent of Ute In nur pic,, 
tures, and one uf the aauie contracted 
R 



Jnnninghrim's Life ofShr David Wilkie. 



[Aug. 



I 



chiiractei' witti those you so bnppily illns- 
fr»te, it would be thnt of tlie wmit of 
brradth, nnd in others ii perpetual diTi- 
»ion nnd iubdirision of parti, to pre what 
their pcrpctratOM call space ; add to this 
4 connlaot disturbing and torturini; of 
erery thing, whether in light or io sbadoir, 
by a niggling touch, to produce fulness 
of »abject. This ia the very rererse of 
what wo sea in Cuyp or Wilson, and 
even, with oU his high fioiabing, in Claude. 
I have been warning our friend Collins 
against this, and waa also urging young 
Landaeer to beware of it; and in what I 
bare been doing lately myself, hare bean 
studying much from Kembrandt and from 

In 1826 be was in Italy, nnd his journal in March of that year contain* 
an account of the ancient decorations of Poiopeii, and of the style and 
colouriog of the ancient painters. 



Cuyp, so as to Koquire what the freat 
masters suco«ede<l so well in, namely, that 
power by wi"->> «'"• ■i>.<.f (ibjerts, nnd 
even the m f parts, tell 

OTereTerytl^ I to be sub- 

ordinate in tlieii pictures, Sir Joshua 
had Ibis remarkably, and could eren 
m.ike the featuret of the face tell orer 
everything, however stronfly jiainted. I 
find that repose and breadth lo th» 
shadows and balf-tinta do a great deal 
towards it ZotTany's figures derive great 
conse(|nencc from this, and I find that 
those who have studied light and shadow 
the moat, never appear to fiul in it," At<t, 



" I pass to that so peculiarly striking 
to an artist, viz. tlie paintln(;s on the 
walls of the houses. This mode of de- 
coration appeiu-s to hare been used as 
much in ancient times as it is still in 
modern Italy, and, instead of being done 
by stamps as here, or by printed paper as 
in Engbind, entirely by the hand of the 
artist. The ornaments consist of ara- 
besque, with panellings, architectural 
ornaments, and square or round medal- 
lions, representini; subjects of poetry or 
of fancy ; in other place* stucco bas- 
reliefs, (the grounds painted of a deep blue, 
or other colour, like cameos) take the 
place of pictures ; and sometimes the ar- 
chitectural ornaments are put In a kind of 
perspective. For all this only one sort of 
material is used, water-colour or temper* ; 
neither oil, varnish, wax, or fresco, seem 
at all to have been known or used by 
them. In the decorative part the colours 
are very unbroken, an much so that one 
may tell the colours used. The uchren, 
yellow and red, are very strongly marked. 
Indian red, or something like it, is very 
perceptibleM A green , of coppery origin , 
ia also shewn by its partial chanjjet. The 
blues, dark and light, have much vivid- 
ness, and much of that airy puKty that 
lielonga lo lapis loxuli. There is a red, 
too. powesiing much of the quality and 
■ "" .. ,.f «h..,,-. ........iiw... y\.^ 



presses itself very strongly upon me, after 
seeing these Greek pictures, hotli at Pom- 
peii and at Portici. is tlr ' ' I- 
racter. They are little n I 

bas-reliefs. Of those ., ..i;,...cl 

from sculpture and peculiar to painting 
they huve little. The arraugemcnt of the 
figures, their positions (so often in proflle), 
their almost igooraoce of foreshortening, 
their waut of diatance, the receding uf 
groups, and, above all, their want of ma- 

tl, »,„-,l ,„.rc„.„.,;,.. ... .I....„v(. 



tinclandiudi-pcudeiituir' < , 

It is true, that, taking ' s 

such as an inferior Roip 

ni«h, the arts in the < '- 

been distinguished for i 

lities. Espressiou, tlj 

colour, and even manuitl u 

eminently conspicuous ; and nome of the 

figures, for beauty, elegance, and for rom- 

posiiion, indicate a power t' "J 

rommon then, that even Ibr f- j 



ance of sciences in more reient ium..i< lias 
Ktven ri»»» to. Yet it mny be naked, ar« 



I its abaorboucf , a fatal ahaiie of tiie uuiiica onlj ' 

colour to lb« dnptU iif the eighth uf ao in the most .. 
inch bcluw the surface. One tliUg that 

Ou Uie »atne snbjcct he also writes to Sir F. Ch.inlrey. 



[ **' In Naplea I htvr bfrn hlirhty Inte- 
■ated with what 
; u wtU as • <> 



allied now thjn thrv sppritr to birr frrf 
111 the I «1 

and b'. 



t849. 

ia p«rtv< 
Utna K' 
tUo(bt. 

Tbaniir 



CnnninghRm's Lift nfSir David WUkit. 



Vi 



. iiMil ulicn |iir. brim Jtutml. Hiui 

[ittirrii in fvurjr arc ■ i-mft (o which 

\.,« ii,^ ,|i. vg J 1,1,: ;, :i.irymi to show 

lely. that Rculptnie has improvta ia modera 
.and timM ; I think I could demonstrate that 
painting hai." , 



tiwpiotuit, nitii tilt) lit-l|> of K>r<;»liorten- 
\a% isd of liaear and at-riol prrspeclhre, 

Tbc revival of a very liigb style of paintiog, both in manner and subject, 
in imitation or rivalry of the early mastxirs of the art, by the modern Ger- 
mani, with grent pretensions and great merits, is at present a subject of 
no curiosity to the lovers of painting both in England and abroad, 

Ik/: ids its future aims and what it has already done ; and Wilkie, 

icu HI Lifrmany, not only became acquainted with the principal artists, 
iConicIius, Ac. but paid all due attention to their works. 

' Of 1W« acbool, (hn writes from 
Be,) OUT own rounlrjmen here hare, 
tbmr elodim, done ns credit ; and 
lacme irrired unprepared for study, 
Dt of what to study, others have 
[ what mar hereafter be useful at 
thcT -- ■■( the prevailiug 

lartcoul tmil' Kxhihiliou. But 

Ihe Gemwa nv , , i' t^' form a class 

both new and distinct — are more of a sect 
Ibu a acbool. Tbey have abjureil all the 
tdithmenta of roodi^m art, and have 
•c back to the apostolic age of paint- 



ing ; have began where Raphael began, by 
studying Raphael's oioiter, in hopes the 
same schooling may a second time produce 
an equally successful scholar. They af- 
feet the dress of that early period, and in 
their pictures imitate the dry simplicity 
of its improved taste ; and such is their 
drvotedncss, that two of them have 
cbaugt-d their religion from Lutheran to 
Catholic, to feel with more intensity the 
subjects of the Italian master, making 
their art a religious profession rather than 
a worldly occupation." 

And in another letter written from Kensington, to his friend Mr. James 
Hall, at Rome, on the same subject, he says. 

Bernini in reducing marble to the pic- 
turesque, have imposed upon painting tba 
feeling and restraints of ancient sculpture* 
Still in the works of these Germans, 
which I admired extremely, there is too 
much left out, and dispensed with, for 
qualities long left heliiud in the march of 
invention. The world that has once seen 
the graudcur of Michael Angelo, and the 
breadth of Rembrandt. Is incapable of 
being excited by early sim|ilicily ; it ii 
only as a part of a study, and not as > 
■wholr- <'■'■' ii '- V .lii»ble : and could their 
sysi i> I think it may, nt 

thcl. y did Sir Walter Scott, 

it vtould be to any student a most ad- 
mirable groundwork for a new style of 
art." 



" In vnnr visit to Italy you will be (re- 
qu k, as you will be in every 

qi led of it (i.e. the Assump- 

Itim 11 I In- > irgin by Bartolomeo,) by the 
vorka of the period of the early growth of 
tbr art. These, with the greatucss after- 
wards attjuncd, hare somewhat the con- 
nection of cause and effect. The Gcr- 
aaa students, with the labours of one of 
whom you have iutercstcd me, have 
fu' ' ' ss of study upon this — 

ti' I the same materials 

« ' "''lit arrive at the 

■'< I hough in their 

iiu-- with .a kind of 

katkUu'. uiinuleiiuu nud detail bordering 
tao nucb on AHiert Durrr, is yrt a more 
rmaonablr tyitrm than that of Mcngs and 
David, who, with nn aim the converse of 

U'ilkic w.is iu Spiiiii, where he resided scveiiil luoiillm, dili- 
C' I . .iitliuiiia.>itically I'luploycd in studying Ihe uobic spciiuiens of 

lltian, and Velasijue/,, and Murillo, to be found there. It is from this 
viiit that he formed his high admirntion of the colouring of these great 
mn«tcr*, and in consequence the alteration of his own style. 

" Tbn Escnrial, oIkivp nil. (he wrilr«.) (he nccli>ity of ' untnins, 

kai brra a soorcc of «ati>ifniiion. Tliis nearly thirty mil ■rlysetw 

hnmcDM fabric, at once a palace, a rnthc- from Madrid. No otii; > m approach it, 

dnl, ami a convent, stands iu a desert on or pass its threshold, but with awe aatl 



^tmniiigliaui's Lije of Sir David Willrie. 



5»r 



reiipect ; brsido* its own proper splen- 
dour, it has many other obif-cts of deep 
iotrrcst. Under it> gmnd nitar, in a gor- 
geoos mausoleum, nre deposited the ashes 
of the monastic ('harles the Fifth, nbile 
bard by, in a neglected room, or rather 
passage, hangs, like a mouldy escutcheon, 
tbe famous apotheosis of that moanreh, by 
Titian. Indeed, here, in this vsat bnild- 
ing, are numerous works of tarious merits 
and pretensions ; yon have domes, ceil- 
ings, and cloisters, painted by one of tJic 
Pellegrinis and Luca Giordano ; the latter 
of whom, with Ribera, the Spagnolctto of 
Italian art, you meet with at every turn. 
Tbere are Raphaels, Rubenses, Vandykes, 
Tintorctlos, and Pnul Veroncges s but, 
aboTc all, the number of the Titians sur- 
prised me. It looks like the rery work- 
shop of this master ; — one I sought for, 
witn great eipoctation, which you well 
know from the sketch Mr. M'cst had. The 
iiictiire is alone at one end of the great 
ball of tbe refectory, and its merits for 
beanty of composition and arrangement of 
colours we would agree upon ; but to in- 
quire why il is without the usual tones of 
bis other works would, were yuu present, 
be to throw down the npple of discord. It 
neither wants- strength nor lu.'^tre, but it is 
without ginzinc: and witliout tran>pBrency, 
nnd destitute uf that rich external glow 
which distinguishes the labours of Titian. 
On returning to Madrid, to the Museum 
of the Prado, Titian still continues su. 
preme of the Italian school. The Bac- 
chanals of his earlier style, a ctmipanlou 
to Bacchus and Ariadne, i^ a delicious 
piece of colouring. But the Spanith 
seboot is, to a stranger, the great object of 
interett. Tbe works of Jnan Bitlista 



Junnes, Morales, and jM <■...... 

much admired bore ; btii 

I think, detain you long 

and Murillo, who give origumlity to the 

school of Spain. Of the former tUere are 

from sixty to seventy pictures, portr«lta«, 

histories, fancy subjects, and landsca|>ca. ^ 

An Infanta in a coi;-' ^ ' " — f. 

nppear to me the li 
bic to conceive. 1 

blonce between Velasquez and the work 
of some of the rhlef« of the Kuglish 
school; but, of all, ' ^imbles bim^ 

most,inwbosesqufu atU, hnndsy^ 

and accessories, 1 ^^l m,- y, ty counter*! 
part in the Spaniard. It is tme this mas- 
ter is one that every true painter must id] 
his heart admire : he is as fine in son 
instanoes in colour as Titian ■ but, to me^ 
this is bis weak point, being most tr«A 
(|uently cold, black, and without tninsptil 
rency. For handling, no one surpaate 
him : but, in colour, Reynolds Is tuncl) 
beyond him, and so is Murillo. Coo 
pared with Murillo, imiced, he has great< 
talent : more the fouoder of a snhoolf 
more capable of giving a new direction I 
art; he has displayed the pbilnsophy OP 
art, — bnt Murillo has ' ' ' ' il* 

we are surprised that ai ■ 
do so much. One «'■ t 

sheer simplicity should ' 1 

Ibem. In painting an ii il J 

Velasquer. is nearly unrivulUd ; but, 
where he attempts «im]ile nature, 
sacred subjects, be is f«r inferior to Ms 
rillo. These remarks 1 make with til 
best works of VeUs<jucz before me, aii4 
without having seen the Moses striking 
the Rock, said to be the best work of 
MuriUo."' 



\Vc innst add anotlicr brief extract on this very iiitercstinia; subject of 
the Spanish painters. Wilkic having seen the Murillos at Seville, writes. 



•' Tlip fapoeWn ConTent lii-rr has, 

Willi : ■ ' "i ■'." 

int' 

to T , jw.,,-. 

■ottir hd; ' ' rd, un- 

glatrd, — !• ticm, un- 

cliatiged af>d unluudird. On the right- 
sidti altars, oiid "ver xY\r emnd altar, 
are together w < ' 
only works 1 

tbr '•-■ 

thi< 
gr. 
an'' 
Jiici 



goMm. and possesaine little drjitb or rich- 

1 (o which alliilhrr 

.... J'lir female 

nf Spain ; ' 

allowed to "■. ' ■ Is 

no light matter, iiis Uiiuurs, with those 
of Frflnre«To /.nrbnr^in, have riven to 



I'riij (A'llttllUU LM I 



-i\) aad 
'ntaioi 
rj'; it«llaa 



^miiinglmm's L<Je of Sir David H'iUcU, 

. i.. .1... „...,. nU- 
nnJ 



125 



hit cqucttriun porU»il of Cli»ilc>. iln- Fifth, 
lu'c (D]ierb proUuctiuiUi" &<.- 



^^^e general JMults of U'lS tlioughts on tbe subject of colouring are 
' given in Uie following passage. 



C^jni. 

tlM tinl, i» at ; 

paisttoc. No 



''■■■- pictures in 

"Hc mutt 

. 'ur, if not 

nliul quality in 

u yet mnin- 



laisfici hi( grouixl beyuiul Iiis own time 
witboot it. But in oil painting it is rich- 
\ depth alone that can da justice 
eriat. Upon this nubjcct every 
I with which I left home is, if any 
thing, not only cunfirmirii bnt iiK-rrued. 
What 8ir Jii'linn wrotp, and what our 
II snpitnrtfi), fraji 
nst I hare seen, 
out of it, Willi 
ai. iiung exhibitor 

ml: . ir. thinks him- 

ii«lf a coiooritt like Titian, than whom, 
|i«tlnp?. no psinltr is iuori> uiisrepre- 
trn' -tood. I WW myKlf, 

I nous Venus upon an 
iMj|> and W.dlia by me. 
-o often cypied, and every 
]stake, is wh.it I expected 
, yet brilliant ; indescribable 
t MRiple beyond example in 
tta u.u.uuun and it!> colouring, lis flvab 
(O! Iu)w our friends at home would stare!) 
pie, sober, mixed up '"' - ' 
||y, like your Akies, 

N'oacr.itchings, no li „ . 

. nor multiplicity of rcpe- 
wamarine lakes nor TcrmiU 
lions, uul c\en a mark of thebruah %-isiblc, 
til Mtetned melted in the fat and glowing 
»•«<, tnlid yet traoiiparetit, giving the 



a( 



By 



tt 
in 



till 



near<»t appr"--'' •" '•'■■ •'"■> >''■■ painter'* 
art bu evil ' lureiaai 

perhaju, dii' ' _ ,. nt, bnt, 

in it( painliiig quite admimble. Now can 
nothing like this ever be done again ? I« 
such toning really not to be neproduced ? 
I wish to believe the talent exislf, and am 
sure the material cxiate. But we bavo 
now got another system ; our criterion of 
judging is changed ; we prefer a something 
else, or, what is still more blinding, there 
is a something else we mistake for it. 
Another picture, with which I was greatly 
pIcJiiicd, wa^lhc Assumption of the Virgin, 
by Fro. liartoiomeo, at Lncca. Tliis pic- 
ttire, painted by a monk liefore the time 
of Raphael, and in the retirement of a 
mnvent, ba>, with the finer qualities o( 
the period of Raphael,* 6U|>er8dded all the 
inventions in colour and effect of Rubeut 
and Reuibrandt. This is a style for i/i7< 
Ion to follow ; brightness and richnc's are 
here combined. West often talked of this 
picture ; and our friend Woodburn used 
to say he would place it by the aide of lbs 
Transfiguration. I perhaps say more of 
colour than I ought, this, aa you kooir, 
being with some of our friends the dii> 
potable subject. Rir George BnaiimoDt 
used to remark that water-coloured draw- 
ings had toiuted oar exhibitions. I bava 
observed throughout my travels this dif- 
ference between the pictures of the pre- 
sent day and the old masters, that tbey 
are never found in the same room, and 
seldom iu tbe same gallery. CoUeolora 



* On this picture of Bnrtolomeo, Wilkie writes in equally high praise in his Journal. 
8«r vol. II. p. 4.S). " This one work seems to combine tbe character and composition 



tone of Titian, and the qualities of yet wore recent applica- 
and rotundity of Kembraudt, with the bnlLiaocy of Ruboni. 

.,,« .; v -" i--<i c.r ti... ii..i.,..M.-,- finiiiters to produce tbe union of 

: here it it incy of art. Here a monk, in 

»f ihechii I- and criticisms of tlic world, 

tnnia U> hove anticipaled, in liia cariy tiiur, all thai his art could arrive at in its most 
advaiumi malnrity ; and this he linK hren ubie to do without tli« usual blandishnicnt* 
of ' uliar to the nge in 

n' lit is niostadoiirable. 

T i-;,i,g odIv •' i-itlal 

0: iifivc niftdt* ' ' lie 

di red a little i ■ ind 

1 -S' y-'ti cuuKidcruig Its age. its conditiun is re- 

H.^ -nivr uml hrillian'. Tb« shadows are both deep 

d^yat i.'Wt 

irs 
ol, 
lato perfcvt tout and uuioo.'' 



m 



Cunningham's Life of Sir David Ullkic. 



[Ang. 



erf (iicvtr) place tlicm together in thv 

tme room, noil artiste srrm content with 

be eiolmion. The Duke of Bedford 

»eeni» iictuatcd by the snnic feeling. He 

has parted with lii« old plcturc«i intending 

to collect modern )>icturee in their plnce. 



He oni'C abked me- tA> puiut ^ cumpAikiuu 
to hia Tenieri ; he hod then no thoughts 
of porting with it," Ac. 



We shall conclude onr extracts on these proftstional subjects with souio 
ccount of the principles of painting prevalent in England. The following 
libservations on the defective princi|)les of the English school, and on their 
nperfect views of art, in a letter to his friend Mr. Collins, are well 
orthy of remark. 

" I need nol detail to yon what I have 
en in the Eacuriol, in Madrid, or SevilUi; 
j ii general ideas alone I with to advert 
to. Being the only member of our acade- 
my who has seen Spain, perhaps it is to 
\ regretted that I see it with annoknow- 
dgcd bias or prejudice, in which I fear 
rcely any will participate. With some 
my kindest friends, indeed, much of 
jMut I have seen and thought will cost 
' etween us an influence like the apple of 
jlcord ; and if some of our youths, with 
matured minds, — while I write this 
lith one hand, fancy me coTcrtiig uiy face 
itL the other, — should venture now that 
entrance to the mrsterioua land haa 
en opened, across the Bidasson. what a 
pnflict in tesLiraony there would be. The 
^irituol VelsKqucz, whose jirinciple and 
Sir Thomas Lawrence so justly 
be true philosophy of art, would be 
I with all the dash and splaxh that 
Dgve, pen, or pencil, is capable of, while 
e simple Murillo, perhaps despised like 
oldsmith, for his very excellence, would 
■vo his CorreKgio-like tones transformed 
bto the flovvr- "-■ ' 1 ss of a ixiloured 
rint. ICv' "is Titian, in this 

at iitronf;li' liis virgin surfare 

1 probably remain longest untouched, 
B!p!it hnvr hi? Ap^lheO'i* and tii? Li>«f 



prints waiting my (rrival ; among them 
arc three from Rcjnolds. These, coming 
as I do from Velaiiqneg and Titian, seem 
the work of a kindred spirit. With these 
ore aUo some prints from works of inyown, 
which, OS from my picture at Munich. I 
have learned an useful lesson. They 
strengthen me in what I felt most doiibt< 
ful, and weaken my confidence in what I 
felt most assured of. I feel the wisdom 
of Sir George Beaumont's advice, to re- 
flect that white if not light, and that de- 
tail is not finith. A casual remark in one 
of your own letters, though I have before 
noticed it to you, has made a deep im- 
pression. Your observation on sering 
the surface of my picture of the Penny 
Wedding in the Royal Coi .!«or, 

was unexpected, but haf ' and 

useful to me, for I have >..m ' :• 

OS a principle. With mc no si 
face now, no dread of oil, no j , 
for fear of change. Your manner of 
painting a sky is the manner in which 1 
try to paint a whole picture. Much as 1 
might learn from Spain, and from her 

nr*- • ^ ■ - '^- ' ■ ' - • • 

If 



n brilliant exceptiou to ttie Spanish school. 
Of him 1 sow « Inrje landscape nl Madrid, 
that for I' I richness I have sel- 

dom %(■• Titian seemed hia 



^OT to our own lime. L" 

n\r> >'ftvr t^rfl ir fl'i' 



lent 
be p 



It WAS too abftract to have 
'.'til <rr ilititnt'inti ; tmf It lisj lhe 

■r we 

'ure. 



lives. \ !■ 



litiM. At liajfoooe Is a paiotl oi wild unpgasbMl g«iiia.praMiT»ol Karopo, 



Wis:] 



Oanningham'j Life of Sir David fTilkie. 



127 



In which I haTC had nx m : iloni 

t<> inyMrlf aIodo. nnti, in < wing 

yim ■■" ■■ --' ' L-unid ., > - .. .i;.iiD»l 

«f . rir of the trllrr that 

ItiN i;;s esclusivplv lo the 

>toi7 ilarU'. I hope to be with yoa before 
the cloM of the Exhibition. I know 
■Irearijr how it looka : jau hire got tome 
beuitlfal thing! in it. SirThomiu (ItSW- 



reoce'i has p>t all the braatira of faRhion, 
and Turner, 1 fear, will hi! an violent D> 
ever. 1 linre some <loiil)t if Danliy will 
succeed often ; <|uintily and mnUitude 
cannnl le([itininte. 1 shall have to refrenh 
myraemory, howerer, in the fxtraordinarf 
ttyin (tf tht Rngtith tehoot, and to tnom 
wlut disposition of colours ia the go for 
tht season among the exhibitors,'' &c. 

Having confinud ourselves altogether to the painter, it would not be 
fur to conclude williotit aliening one feature of the man to appear in the 
portTMt. We ilo not speak of Wilkie'g general character, which was most 
•suable and worthy of his iiatne j but we must extract an amusing 
koecdote of that pHtriotic ardour, which seems to distinguish the inhabi- 
Unts of everT nation, exactly in proportion as no other persons can see 
•ay thing in the btloved country to admire or esteem. 




" I remember once, on my way with 
WilVie (says Mr. Cunaingham) to ■ Lord 
Mayor's dinner, in the earlier days of 
enr iifquaintanee, I told him of an old 
Scotch 1 ' ' I to draw, 

who re ' Ay, ay," 

■old he. ■ . ..^ . .liy.' ' la- 

dr«il kiie i*,' 1 replied ; ' she refused my 
offer of earnest money when I took 
lodginp is her house, sayiog, ' Na, ns, 
put up lour money, man ; yt'rc a Scotch- 
me.' ' That's true," 
'1 on her curiously ; 
.■J hear you are of that 
' 'Deed. Sir, I'm fraa 
' Weol thcu. Madam, I may 
uaintcd, for my father was 
inan, at least he came from 
s bad.' • Ratho ! (she 
•> > change uf voice,) I 

b' '. ,:.ut sound these thirty 

J< • • Rutho woman, and my 

ni:i • was Soiucrville.' Wilkic 

excUtuirtl with much earoestoesn, ' Ay, 
raolly now, was your father frae Ratho ? — 
Ki ' and the hearty soul-warm 

>>> and which he then gave mc 

I . ""I ' ' -mbei 

*!' •.utter 

tur r and 

-. vii. the 
r. Wilkic 
■f his 
., ill- 



min<- > 
farn.- 



dr 

• b 
U 

a ' 



log(UiL[ lyr Iht: find time at an Acade 



i'il warrant,' siuil 

i'b<rmw>u, ad tiiey snt 

my 



dinner. ' I'm of that ilk, air,' was his 
reply ; < my father was a Scotchman.' 
' 'Was he really,' exclaimed Wilkie, grasp- 
ing the other's hand i]uite brotherly; 
' and my mother was Irish 1' ' Ay, ay, 
was she really ;' and the hand relaxed its 
fervour ; ' and I wo$ born in England.' 
AVilkie let go Thomson's band altogether, 
turned his back on him, and indulged in 
no further conversatioo. My friend 'Tbom* 
son, a wit as well as a painter, perhaps 
caricatured this conversation ; hut I rv- 
mcmbor it was received as true to the 
spirit of Wilkie when it was first told. 
His lore of country was not more remark* 
able than his prudence of speech. He 
seldom spoke without reliectioa ; he 
uttered all he sold as deliberately as he 
painted ; and he never drew or painted 
at random. When Wilkic tirat began to 
etiiibit at the Royal Academy, the success 
of The Village Politicians was so decided, 
thnt his friends gave him a dinner on the 
occasion, fine, the pertest of the com- 
pany, rose and said, ' We have met here 
to do honour to genius ; but, before we MB 
honour genius, we raiut honour joatico : 
and can jii • ■ '■ '■ •inured while England 
groans ff' le ? I give, gentle- 

men, the ' •■• will set all right, 

' A full and free reform in tlic Honae of 
Commons.' All glasses were elevated 
and tbuching the lip ere the toast was 
given, uud which Wilkie, ut least, did not 
expect. Thrrr was no time to proteat, 
.tnd hut tiltle tu hesitate ; ' y/y, Iml vtrp 
mvdfratr Pinuffh,' he muttered, and 
rnip • ; it was long remembered 

by ! 'ly the name of Wilkie's 

protcil." 



-.]\,: 



Of 



'■■'■ the most popular, or rather he was the uiost popular 

i:iy ; his [licturcK were in greater riniiiest, anil sold at 

iiii'iie of any utlit-rs. 'l'hi» was not the result only of hi* 

and akill, but uf his adaptation of his style to the tastes 



Cnnningham's Life of Sir David Ifllkie. 



[Aug. 



and feelings of the public mind. He laid it down ns n niasim, that M 
painter %vlio desired to rise in and tlinint;li his art, ^liouid consider tll^| 
demand for his rotnmodities in the market, and (he ch.iracter and infliieiica 
of hiti piircliascrs, and (it his \vorks to their wishes. The nrchilectiirp oM 
the houses in England is not adajitod to pictures of a very larj," n- 

is the general feeling eleVMted to the highest subjcctd of ait. Tli' :i) 

allegories in the Lnxemburg, or the triumphs of Ca-sar at Hamptuii t ourt, 
would long wait for purchasers ; and all the glories of the Vatican or 
the Escurial would look in vain for a temple worthy of their fame. Noj 
English artist has ever been loved for the produce of historical rompo" 
I sitions ; Fuseli was almost starved by his Gods and Doenions ; his Milton 
Gallery, the work of wild but powerful genius, brought him nothing but 
an increase of fame ; and the example of some living artists of great 
merit could corroborate the fact. But this observation will apply also to 
painters of inferior rank and more popular character. Tliougli the price 
of Wilkie's pictures varied from about '200 to 500 guineas, jct such wasn 
i the labour of thought employed in them, such the time expended in col^ 
lecting materials, and in discovering fresh characters, such his anxiety t^fl 
make his composition full of meaning, to stamp each person with distincM 
and indelible character, and to bring out to the full the sentiment he in«l 
I tended to express, — that no price w hich could be asked even of liberall 
' purchasers, would compensate him for the time employed on them. Heucekl 
like his brother artists, he was obliged to look for ])rofit to portraits, Inl 
the demand for (Kirtraiture, his biographer tells us, ho perceived tlicn 
domestic feeling of the people, and in the encouragement of this branchl 
of art, private patronage is not niggard of its stores, ^'ct even hrrgl 
Wilkic found, as others before him, tliat it was difficult to satisfy the publitfl 
1 mind, and especially those who were immediately interested in the portraitifl 
The first thing thatthe sitter nud his friends require, is an nccunitc likeness ; ■ 
yet experience proves that a too ncvcre and accurate likeness may be in a 
portrait. A friend of Wilkie's observed, that there were two natural things „ 
in B picture to be counteracted, — the want of movement and the want v jm 
I life, — to supply these, there must be more of youth and health than tlieV 
person who is represented Bccms to possess. Besides this, every portniitifl 
should be ix poetic likeness of the original, as every land8ca|>0 is a gcncra-V 
I lizcd conception of the beauties of some scene in nature. Certain aller.t-^ 
I tioQS must be made in the arrangement of the features even of the finest a 
countenance. Sir'iTiomas Lawrence used to say, that, even in the majestic J 
head of Mrs. Siddons, there were parts and forms which did not seem to bc*X 
[ long to her, and should therefore be omitted in her portraiture. It is not only^ 
tresemblauce but chnrnctcr that is re(|niied ; therefore nil that in ;icei«^ 
pdental, temporary, fugitive, extiaiicoiis, should be kftout; nil Ih^t i«liabl(»fl 
■ to alteration and change. Wilkic himself tells us, " that a <^'' orateV 

I likeness i» by no means necessary to recognition ; that n t I ro'V 

I semblance of the persjn ill supplies the impression left of K ';o, J 

I with delects made palpable to incrca»c the rcicmbUncf, :■ al 

[considered by minute detail ; a portrait of this kind, cc t V 

|]mitati'!<, is dull and heavy. \ti(hont motion :is it is u : -■ • ii» 

l» {Mtrtniit is at box) nd often iu liiuc discarded by tiiose In wiMtntfl 

kits liUr'Tii'VK iW' t\' HUM- t .-iliip. 1 fi fttie :iK lli.'Hi' oliM.rrntvui^i^l 

pre. I fl 

nrhid. ...i- i.ii. ...,;, ...I, ...• ,>.,i^^., ...;^ ,v,..,. ... :..,.,.-,,,....•,_, ;.. ,,.eS 

Icottituou mitidj noUutig will coutcjit them but a likcucsa tbut U sUrtw 

12 M 



l«tf.] 



TU Church «/ Cofoti, ClamorganMre. 



1 



■"'■l-'"-- •■■•■^ reaJ > a soinctliia^ wliich n chikl or a (errant mli^ht D«t 

i!)f«kc for the renlify; and, as Nortlicote iiseil to «ay, 

nisi bark rUo in token of recogniliun."" It is now only 

- ' tliAt, in our o{iinion, Mr. Allan Caiiiiiugliam lias done 

:.nd produced a work of great interest and utility. 

•ad and couiitryumn ha* Ik'cii aufficicnt to throw 

jriu^ over thti resemblance, yet without exaggOfatiMit 

uld lead liis ta>>t<^ and jiidtrinoiit nstriiy. In one ooly 

M.iUti him vs VVilkie in colour^ 

•it Diitrli IS altogether wrone : 

interest, he was superior 
11 clearness and brilliancy 
I colourinK> which ue no proportion to hJB other 

'., ' .'iTC •peeking of his I >vourit« style, which gained him 

■Mb itcMrvml populnrity< Of lu» aecond, which he broogiit from tbo 
^ileric* of Italy and .Spain, from the ftictiire* of Titian and Vclutqacs, 
umI wbich took the |iublic mind by surprise, we have hud do time to 
tftijc ; f"!' '"■'•• " ''■ ' to llic jiidicioua roniarks of his biographer on tbo, 
■M||ec(. lu 



Ma. UnoA.N, Jirril 18. 

A'^ tlip ccctc^ifift-ilical tirrnngeraents 
of 1 it un- 

ad»: lurch of 

Cogau. it is prubablv that it will soon 
c«a«vtoexi»t altogether ; I am therefore 
tDtious, tjcroie this event takes place, 
to record a description of the edifice 
opoo your pagc». ('. 



fitiiated upon 
ck, from the 
: cii ivrncii gashes Out a 



a : 

6|ii i r. 

Ti.. ..u iig i* er. "■> '.fa nave, 

chaocrl.and »oulh . westera 

wall of the nare ten. .a a plain 

l>ellgablc. 

Tlitre iifc nci wiiwlows in llic north 
wbI ,ns 

re»' 
one 

coil 
in ii 
ground. 



, . ' "f. 

'!, ariil a doi: >iu liaud of 

''•orV, •rpnmtcd bv a 

appears 

iove the 



The west wall is also without wio- 
dowe, though there are traces of a 
iilled-up loop. The gable is of rude 
constructioQ, and contains a single 
cell covered by a flat stone. •■' 

The nave i» lighted from the soutW< 
side. The door-case is small, neatif 
worked in stone, with a four-centred 
arch, and late perpendicular mould* 
ings. The window ca«t of the door is 
modern, and intended tn light the puU 
pit. That on the west has a tiroad' 
recess with a depressed arch. The' 
window itself is double, and the lights 
are small, pointed, and plain, and 
separated hy a heavy mullion. The 
beads of the two light* are carved 
from a single stone. 

The porch is of atone, with a scat 
on either side, and a rude recess in the 
north -cast corner, which may have 
contained a stoop. The ontcr arch of 
the porch i» depressed, very plain, bnt 
apparently of Decorated date. The 
roof is of timber, probably modern. 

The interiur of the nave is surround 



• Tlir (ri.-ii-r iititl })C;iiitv of Sir J(,,?liiiii Ri-\ninliK's finrlrniffi wnx niromplifthi 

! WIS mf 






oncjasl*. 



liliiM »Ut t ■ ■-'■III 

lllt^t- uliil t. WfA 



ypi. A% 



& 



Cogan Church. — Sir W. Betham't Etruria Cellica. 



130 

on the nonh and west sides by a plain 
»tone bench. The (lavemeiit at the 
western end rises one step, forniing a 
sort of dais. Thecastcrii wall, towards 
the chaacel, is of considerable thick- 
ness, and pierced by a semicircular 
Norman arch, with plain block im- 
posts, and without ornament or mould ■ 
ing of any kind. The roof of the 
nave Is of oak, of a simple pattern, but 
in excellent taste. 

In the central lino of llic nave, to- 
wards the west end but below the 
dais, stands the font. The bowl is 
heary Norman, qundrangalar above 
and rounded below, and rests upon a 
short cylindrical stem, which in its 
turn is supported by a square block, 
chamfered at the angles. 

The chancel is very small. The 
north and east walls show the herring- 



[Aug. 



bone woik ; the south wall is con- 
cealed by foliage. In the north and 
south walls arc Ireibil-hcndcil loops. 
There is at present no en 
The conimunion-tahle is ;. a 

o step. On the south side i» a .itime 
bench, above which is a recess, very 
rude, but possibly intended as a a^rt 
of stall. The roof ia modern. 

In the chancel flooc an 
one to " Edward Hcrbci : A 

3 Sept. lO'iO, and Elixabeiti iim wiu-, 
died 17 March, l6C4. Aims : Her- 
bert, "per pale 3 lionels," im|>aling 
" a lion rampant." The other stone 
is to the memory of Mary, wife of 
I'hilip Herbert, Gent, of Cogan, died 
23 Dec. 1675. 

Against the outer wall of the nave, 
east of the porch, is a mural slab to 



John Uavies of Cogan. Died 27 January, 1790. a;t. 82. 

Mary, his wife. Died 1\ January, 1800, «t. 77. 

Daniel, died 5 Julv 1811, an infant. "^ Children ofThomas and Elizabeth. 

William, died 17 April, 1818, set. 17. > and grandchildren of John and 

t. 18. J "" "^ 



Thomas, died II May, 1823, let. 



The foundation of this church is 
undoubtedly early Norman, earlier 
than any visible part of Llandaff. 
The north wail of the nave, and the 
, north east, and probably the south 
wftll of the chancel, arc original, as is 
the arch into tlie chancel, and proba- 
rbly the font. The south side of the 
nave, probably its west end, and the 
north, seem to be Decorated, but the 
south dour is late perpendicular. 

This church has been suffered to fall 
ixitO decay. It is now eleven years 
r. aince divine service has been performed 
[, in it, and probably much more since 
it received any repairs. At present 
the roof every where is iu bad order, 
and towards the western end the nave 
is open to the sky, as is the porch. 
The pews, pulpit, and reading pew all 
of deal, arc of modern date, nnd have 
already faJIcu to |iic(.cs, and lie rotting 
in a heap. The font is scpnialod at the 
joint into two pieces, and lies over- 
thrown Hi 
•trcwed 
rotten wood. 
, and living w.i 
will,'". 
thf 
MI't 

nri: 

Bnull... ..;. ,. 



Mar)' Duvies. 

than tlie stout Norman wall that scpa^ 
rates the chancel from the nave, and 
of this cditicc, which has lasted nearly 
nine hundred years, the memory only 
will remain. C. 



Mn. UnnsN, 



Slam/urd lllUt, 
Jul 



•or, which is thickly 

binken f.Iate and 

cracked 

covered 



full/ 20. 

YOUR Correspondent Sir William 
Octham, author of "EtiuriaCcltica," a 
work which assumes to have invt«ti- 
gated the language of th> ■■■'<. 

and identified it with the 11 -, 

has attacked me as your Kruewcr, 
" passing with a rail-road 8[>ced"ovcr 
the matter contained in hi . I 

misquoting in one instance i- 

of a wrong consonant, <ii> mMaiice 
given by him of supposed coincidence 
between an Etruscan and an Irish word. 

*• The bond and front of my oHendtng" 
was the followii 

" I'ndcr the li' i ieoifrupby of 

I ■ '■ ■ ■ (,. 



— tfU, T' 

•■T Th'fi 



lU Lilt." It J li'ViVj,^ UUf,!^',^ 




uria Ctltice.SkfM«iu fomMdai irUMd^or. 



I 



S(r tmSaa B<tk«ia tttab (it to ^e 
it •-- — ■-■•rrio«» f«H» of the S«t(>o 
t' J br tfe« Ir>i1i. uni I us- 

tt^f .. ._ "we ran-roaii glaacc" 
t Mppeae of ■ critic'* eve, read luK. ■» 
li^^- tht tmr did BM ■wtttialiy 
afct Ifae •bjrttioa to tke |H(C«-m(«I 
*odc ofttrmciafy. t hamre^ er hntcocd 
■* Mvm M drjcoTwH to correct it, 

rhtb, he who com- 

c:.. laticn in one «iii^/« 

Irtfir o; the »If iiobrt. shoold not hira- 
■clf mbqnotc a irho!« sentrnce fur tin- 
M^E oT . p>ornt against Itis ad- 

vcnar"' mUethamiDhiseom- 

■BRic»' j:. vj >uii of June 1, inserted 
m voor Juir oambfr, inaLcs mc say, 
"tie »lubboni g in the middle of the 
~, negatives the etymology by its 
Had I really written such 
•■iaIeUigTbIc oonsensc as this sentence 
COalaiMi I should have descrrcd 
dltteal dissection by any process, 
^dlyayllabic or monosyllabic, which 
tbe iDgTDuity of the author of Etruria 
Celtica might invent ; but happily for 
IM ibe pawagc has no existence but 
in bU own communication. 

I must bring the author in candour 
to the acknowledgment, that, however 
his object might be to repudiate Greek 
derivaiioas in Lis system of Ihernian 

dr' — =liM should one obviously 

y\ I it ought to meet wild 

ct :i. It roust be remembered, 

lli in lh« piirpuit of 4 pre- 

ct:.^ '.lieory, that bir William 

Btlham, meeting with certain " stab- 
born" points or colons in the Eogu- 
bian tables, which forbad his mouo- 
krllaMc interpretations, threw them 
all itoceremoniously over-board, it may 
be tnppuscd exclaiming, " Hence, you 
ar« of no use but to obstruct ray hy- 
potheata."* Wicked enough this of the 
EtroBcan aeribee, though it has shewn 
tkcir powen of forethought to a degree 
almost incredible. Was there any other 
way uf gutrUidg these sacred tables 

fro- V: ••■:-•■. r.....:-.. : y^, 

to inia, 

IL.. de- 

yiv«ii i: '!i«rs, 

•Utllt'.'.!! ..:. : .1:. .,-■■-.;;;.. v.:.. KMW 

I will admit littleor nothing uf£truKO- 
• Sn Btniria Cottica, vol. i, p. fit, ct 



> IrMt, 
^ot ftir I 



Iberno-Celtir. and thrf«4bir« IMV bo 
mpposcd to be in-(itt«>d for f^^9n• 
l*if.— > — -•■-■sm. Tlif (cneral leiwr 
of was murh in favour of 

Si[ 1 -... lu-tham's labour*, and I 

hope^l would have b«on •atisfacttkr)'. 
Iff hinted that h« had failed a* yM to 
provv his |<o«nt, I said nothing orar* 
than has been asserted by the tr Wl 
Academy, and by many unprejud' 
critics. 1 looked ff>r tlie acceiitano 
a generous if' 1 ••pirit, not ( 

castigation at I have thown 

that he has nu^st ■ 1 or 

rather altrrfd a pii- 'W, 

Bnd« as I made him the ammuf n'liinrnbh 
for a single letter, I claim of him 
similkr riplanatlon, on the Horatiaii 
principle ; — 

■ ' ' ^pmm est , 

Peccalls veuUm poncentem, reddero 
rtimu*." 

1 make these few observations in re- 
ply toSirWill. ■' •'.-■>-. -nny 
intention of d( 'us 

researches as n v , ^^ ■■! uviiy- 

iug that his Ir I unsupported 

to the extent lu ..■ ..■ ■• uioy jet elicit 
totae vatuablepoiuta lor the philulogiat. 

.XlKKKII J. KlIMl'B. 



Mil. Uinus. n -24. 

IN sinking the 1 Hie 
purpose of rn' iu.mu'h til a 
field, adjoinin ulence of the 

Rev. Mr. Ra-,!....,, .• "-'" ^b- 

bey, two skeletons wci ed, 

but at a considerable 1: '>m 

each other. One, in a ' "-r. 

feet condition, was lying 'I :'''•• 
looking towards the east, and appa- 
rently that of a yonng person, of ra. 
thcr short stature. A musket bullet 
wos found near the back. The other 
body may, wi" ''ility, ba 
referred t" n 'i<xl. It 
appenrcil - led 
in the li ^'W 
the surface, u '"c 
were twelve ?i: •'», 
sevcrtkl of the 1 of 
the common ir« 
Valentinian. \ "■■ I'hn 
site is at a v. cc from 
that noti t ■ ■ for Ja- 
nuary I human 
bono air , fv Were 

foond. W, B, 



Dr. Jokttton'a Literary Inlereonrte v>kh Mr*. Iahmz. [Aug. 



Mn. Urban, 

THE high opiaion which Dr. John- 
BO entcrtnined of the abilities of Mm. 
Lennox i» vtM known to the readera 
bf BoEwell'a Life ; indeed 1 think that 
here is on* passage in which »he is 
ilaccd at tlie head of all the female 
writers of her age ; it was, therefore, 
rithout surprise (knowing how grate- 
a\ the mind of Johnson was for any 
cts of kindness, and how strong 
Ilis expressions of regard concerning 
liose whom he looked upon ht his 
Hends,) that 1 met with the following 
praise of the Rambler Tery unenpect- 
dly, brought in rather /om'A/jr amid 
be wild romantic eiaggerationsof the 
' Female Quiiote ;" which book was 
published in the year 1752. long before 
|the cooversatioos previously alluded 
relating to Mrs. Lennox bad oc- 
curred. 

" ' Nay then,' interrupted Mr. Gl«n- 
lle, * yon are qualified for a critic at the 
t>»Jftlid Cofllse House, where, with the 
: of your brotbers. demi-wits, yon may 
ait in judgment on the productions of a 

young, a R , fRichardtonJ or a 

' /ohnnn , rail with premeditated malice at 

fthc/tom&/rr,Rud,forthewnDtoffaulU,tum 

•TCD its luimitnble beaulics into ridicule. 

lie language, because il reaches to per- 

bctioD, may be called stiff, labuured, and 

daatic ; tbe criticisms, when they let in 

pore light than your weak judgment can 

r, superficial nnd ostcutatiouj glitter ; 

because theM papers couloln the 

nvft system of ctliics yet extant, damn 

be queer fellow for OTcrstcpping Tirtue ; 

I excellent nrv phrase ! which tboae who 

an find no meaning iu may accommodate 

rith one of thrir on ti : tUea girc shrewd 

BOts tlial > -, though they do 

fevi publiali I laanccs, may Iiutc 

pore merit liisn (iioxe that do.' " ^Vol. 

p. 119.) 



There is also another passage fur- 
thcr on in the same volume. 

P. itH. " Truth is not alnays Injured f 
by tiction. An admirable wnirr tliich" 
ardnnj of our own time liai> found the 
way to convey tlie most solid inslTUCtiooa, , 
tbe noblest seatimniti, aod the most tz>r] 
altcd piety, in tbe pleasing dress of a nord, 
(Ciorista.) and, to use the words of tli«. ' 
grnlttt gmixu iii the //reiait age {lAt < 
author v/ the liamHer.) has taught tlie 
passions to more at tne comtuaud ot'j 
virtue." 

When a new and belter edition 
Boswell's Life than the last is called ' 
for by the public.^when the notes, 3 
instead of containing the splenetic effix- 1 
sions and dogmatic assertions of t^. 
party writer, shall be framed for tht''\ 
purpose of elucidating tbe te<t and 
representing the characters of those 
named in their true lightand colours,—, 
then, ] think, the passages which I 
have extracted from a work very little 
read in the present day, may properly 
be placed under that part of the tent 
where Mrs. Lennox's name occurs, at-' 
explaining in some degree Johnson's, 
partiality towards her, and ox a curioua 
instance of contemporary criticism. 

I would add that It appears to me, 
as well from the introduction of the 
subject as from the style, that the 
whole of the eleventh chapter of the , 
ninth and concluding book of tbej 
"Female Quixote" was written byj 
Dr. Johnson, and to the ioternal] 
evidence may be added that the title'L 
of the chapter is as follows, " Cap.Jj 
XI- being in the author's opinion thej 
best chapter in this history," — indeed* 
I ' ' ' ' .vp no scruple in admitting, J 
!' umnng the acknowlcdged'i 

Mx>is7 I'l .'Lilioson. 



D — h—ll, June 1843. 



J. M. 



LONDINUNA.— No. VIL 



)RiniNAl. SUBVCT TAKKN IK TMK YKAII 1 54B OV TBB (IT* SNO MaTrBiat,* OV 

TUK Chvacu AKD PncciwcT or THa Black ml Domixicak FaiAsa, LoKOov. 

'cd to arc ac 

lunc. all ili- 



Dooiiiiican ' 
I have in 



pr^ci- 
third 



c year I jl6, Ult i.rL llicy wac cuusigntd lo utlci Uc- 
nolitlofi, 
Jl aa\ tjt iQirnsiinj for tboae who A brief botJM r«l«ttv« to tM rist titj 



IMJO 



LoxeiviAKA.'— KiM of tie DomMtan Friar*. 



1SS 



Um ofd«r of D<Nn)Dl«4n Friar*, and 
their nUblitkawot in ivn^UniJ. i* 
lure oArcii &« introdnctorT' to the 
•orwy akove^mrntioDcd. 

Th«ord«rof Don reaching 

Fmn, alM ralli- '•- Knant, 

had tliRr rite at ii.c .M^wnung of the 
IsUi ccfiturr. about (he vcaror Chriat 
1213. 

Tbrf b^ the appellation of Domi^ 
frum iltc'!r founder Dominic dc 
:sh grntleman, who 
****»;■" umelf as a scholar, 

tttbfsood Uw rccleMAitical prorcsaiun. 
•ltd became a ranon and «ub>prior of 
tfa*Catbedrn 

Doaainic :■ .1 bi» dioceaan. 

tbe Bishop ol CJsm^t, lo the court of 
Frascr. whither tho latter had been 
•••t by Alpbondo IX. IC '' i^tile, 

to amoce a raalrimuK (ion. 

Tlie death of a princess! ui nanif itn- 
dered their nii»»ion abortive ; but, in- 
alf;-' ■•■ ..•....,(. tu Spain, they es- 
t4i' OS ia 120C in Lau- 

gu' , ,.i,rrii %^i!h cei'tain 

Ci they en- 

/ot. 'll0^t buro- 

bl( apparel, to labour for the con- 
_«crsion of the Valdenses and Albi- 
ivlio had embraced heretical 
J Hied.* 

Tope Innocent HI. proclaimed a cru- 
sade against Uicse enemies to the faith, 
by which those who fought against 
thMn were admitted tu equal privi- 
Ir^ea with those who had visited (he 
scpQlchre of Chri:>t. .\inonii; the oobic 
f^nuodrra who ruilitatid ugainst the 
btrctics of Langucdor. was the ccle- 

bmted S ■" .1 M -r. Earl of 

Lcicvst- m concert 

with d' J the Krst 

convent of Uominican l-'riars at Tou- 
loti^r. ivtiil in 121* they obtained under 
*!'' .1 bull of ilouorius III. 

till . of St. James at Paris, 

whiTf ibi)' were sl)lcil : cir- 

rumstaucr, Jacobins. iicDts 

of their order were »<juu l»imed 
lbr*)ugbuul Kurope ; in Eoitlaod, at 
Londoo and i v. 

Their flr> mldeac« in 

Ltndiin wa^ 
mi.nortb 

thr '■ " 

Ki -urv. 

th V Je 

B ,H of 

' Mgtvri IWct. Ji- 



I/ondon, as tho aldermen were then 
often styled, of the nrronnd between 
two ■ r« Castle, end 

of ti of the tower 

of nre 

y<i\\: Ylir. 

trU „„,■ ,.,„. „ ,:. JM^Iily 

pr' while the Conqueror 

eric:. . :. i.nverof London on the 
eastern wall of the city, for his own 
foitified palace and reitiil< iicr. thnae 
two powerful nobles, M' ind 

Baynard, raised their Co uin- 

sions on the western. I'he elevated 
site of the Tower of Monllitclu't, which 
(lanlctd the city wall at its south- 
western angle, alToidrd an eligible and 
conspicuous site for the church of the 
Ootninicans. 

These newly con>tilute<1 preaching 
friars |;aiiied a pupulnritv which ex- 
alted tliem above th ' li' nioiik- 
ish societies of the I'opc 
liregory IX. anil 1\.|.. .M.iJient IV. 
recommtndeil ihetn to (he )H-culiar 
favour and protection of all ec- 
clesiastical authorities, and (heir ex- 
hortations to the attention of all 
Christian people. + 

This preference far pretenders to 
extraordinary sanctity and mortified 
life is ileiiouncril with Indignation by 
the honest monk of St. .Mban's, Mat- 
thew Paris, who says, under the year 
\246, thai 

" About lUI« time the prmcliinif bro- 
thers, however lately llii> I to 
be the very outmntH of In jty, 
slni'- ' 1 Inn the hi(;ric-i ginclc 
of 'i tliey affected t<i be 
rni ■ vfi.l r.cM-t hy the 
prf' ily insin. 
Isiii' tii'n, but 
also cuiiltNKirk, UBur|uii|$ to tJiemseJreB 
the office of tho ordinaries of the Church, 
sod ' ' ' m to be Uvlil in cuntenipt 
as II II learning or suthodty t« 
ruli .!■ i:..! ....I I. ..1.1 tl„: rein* 
of ' Id every 
di»i-"' i .'ijiiicHretl 
ll»t ili« orUcr III liic tullioUc cfinrcli, 
I'onfirniril by (lie boly njio'tIi-« niiil tho 
•scr' ' ' ■ ;'. I ' iiiln. 
lou- list 



tliul 

yen: 



iiothifty 



• I r.'i 1 v.-li. 

t Ml ti. liiii» ia aau. 1246, p> MA 

I MaU. tahi. 



J 



liONDtNUNA. — The Church of the Black Friars. 



^w 



"P- 



So it has been ami ever will be In 
|<all future time with fanatic teachers of 
fOovelty in religiuD ; the useful, quiet, 
I and unpretending poitioa of the 
-Christian Church are borne down and 
consigned to obscurity by charlatans 
'in doctrine. To the construction of a 
Pncw church at the Dlackfriars, on the 
hiite which has been described, Ed- 
r.Vrard I. and his distinguished consort 
||£leBnor were great benefactors. The 
iflatter was indeed accounted the fonnd- 
IjreM of the building, and when the 
|,died her heart reposed witbin its con- 
■secrated walls. There also was depo- 
sited the heart of her son, the Prince 
Alphonso. A long list of noble person- 
ages whose mortal remains were cn- 
I'tombed at the Ulackfriars church is 
given by Stow, of whom a few maybe 
iicrc particularised. — Margaret, sister 
I'.to the King of Scots, who died in 
;i2l4, Hubert de Burgh, Earl of Kent, 
^t>otb translated from the old church of 
lie fraternity in Holborn, — Isabel, 
oWife of Roger Bigod, Earl Marshal, — 
Vlic«, daughter of Earl Warren, after- 
iwarda Countess of Amodel, — the 
I'Earls of March and Hereford, — Eliia- 
•beth. Countess of Aruudel. — Joan. 
first wife of Guido de Brian, — the 
tliuchess of Exeter,— Tiptoft, Earl of 
rVVorccstcr, — ^Tutchet, Lord Audley, 
l(both beheaded for treason), — Courte- 
l^ay, titular Karl of Devonshire, &c. 
At the suppression of monasteries 
jirTliomas Cawarden, of Blechingly, 
bad a grant of the cliurchand precinct 
»of the Blackfriars, London, and of the 
f pariah Church of St. Ann within the 
^eame. He was st the siege of Bou- 
logne with Henry VIU. and held the 
^offices of Keeper of the Royal Tents 
and Toylcs and Master of the Revels ; 
the properties for the maskings and 
rnummcries of the couit he App«ar« to 
► tiave kept within the walls of the 



Loseley, was iiis executor, tu whic 
circumstance is probably owlag tliffS 
preservation of the survey of the site] 
and buildings at Blackfriars, whic~ 
was found among se>'eral documents' 
of Sir Thomas Cawardcn's, prcter\'ed 
at Loseley House, the greater part of 
which have been printed in the volume 
before cited, and which relate to ti)e 
revels of the English court.* 

Tlie following is a copy of the Btwl 
vey which appears to have been otada 
under authority of the Chancellor 
of the Court of Augmentations of tbf 
Crown Revenue. 

A survey there taken by me, Fiugk 
Losse, Esquire, the King's Mat'" surJ 
veyor, as well of his highness londs an ' 
possessions within the countie of Mu' 
dieaei, as also witbin the citje of LondoBt'^ 
as well of the scitc and soylc of the late 
church of theUtc Dlsck-friars, tvithin the 
cyttie of London, as also of the charcbe 
yard, cloyster, leade, tile, sUttes, tymber, 
-' und glassc, with ctrtea nleis, 

noatious, and building!. Ihcve- 
i,;.,„ .^:,..^ing, the Uh dale of January, 
anno 4to. Regis Edirardi Sexli, by vir- 
tue of a KBrraiit from the right worship- 
ful SirRichsrd Sackefeld, Knight, Chaun- 
cclor of the King's Mat'" Court of the 
aagmentacons aud revenues of the same, 
as heraflcr eosucth. 

The scite or sojle of the said late 
cliurcbe called the Black-friars within 
the citie of London, with the two ilcs, 
chaucrll, and chapell to the same be- 
longing, contcyning in bred (breadth) 
from the north cbiu-cli yard to the south 
cloister OG fotc, and In length from the 
lodging of John Barnct, Gent, on the 
west rndc of the same churrhe to the 
garden beloogiog to the mansion or tene- 
ment belonging to Sir Anthony Ager, 
Kot. on the east rnde of the same churche, 
"'20 feet. The churche yard on the 
oortbe tide of the body of rhe some church 
containcth in '•• ' ' •'■• ■■■: i ■■' >,p 



unto a ccr' 

tlllCIIU'llU, 



''Ulackfriars, f>ii u the survey 

■ mention of a 1 i- the kinu's 

Irrvels lie." ' ' 

krnolished IheC i 

'friar*. ■•"' ■ 

ttisin 

VtO Hi. ... .. 

^acribed l< 
atair — it v 

lacribed as adir: m 

Itha Siirvrv, \ s . , 

[C«w 

JofL-. 
/ii^. mp. Sii WtiiiMit M«r*, (/i lie cttablisiuueats. 



^Ir. Holtc on the north 
iirclie yard fKi fote, and 

'!« 



cliuii 



,,,1 
^Ui ill bri:d fiom the 



1643.1 LoyoiisiAXA.^The Ctwrt : 

h»iy et tW mU dimnk to tke lodpa( at -mz^^. 

Um tJMl> KTAglMi <M the ««tk iMe al iktfti 

tl»ai»«dcril»llO<«ate,am4ialaiStkr •>« 

inq liie naile brk»pf.>T io theioigjmf CmC, 

»—■ li;»i S<r Franos Hnjc't, aaJ ■■* ^i4 I 

Sit Aatbouia Aflcr't, Ks«bt. awl Mr. mmm 

WaUi^bno't DC tke cast ptfte, to Ac dUe> I 



Siatani M. tkitf 
t* Mr. HariB'i 



. -ii tbc i>««t 
isJ i.f liii u^ ck>x»;ci <xqitaiaeA ia 
hmplae 41 foot, an^ io lired 49 fcoto, 
«lil£k all the taU Mile or fi O M <« is 
MtaaJte tbr Wdc fvlMlr) to be wottb by 
tkcTcarU. 
"ne tfUtaot of ifaa ireka of tlk* bodjr af 

vaflrt, Vptlmai*, lAd lonr*. of tW ataie 
diBtclK. u«{ (&» *taac< of tbe <iiierr, asd 
of one r'l r tb* aottb side of tbe 

■iM (li lito the pari^ aad 

fnatOBc c. .-V . ..'.be <l«f>{er, nlaed in 
Oa Wrfa at CU. 6f . M. 

Tbc acUtU f»!aes> xad tiles of tlie east 
dorttf fiior»:- f Ibe wath icr- 

Ut, iriUi tkt •. cOTortli the ref 

of a cUambcr ii''^ la tie tenaie of 
Sir TIaomM CawHcn ^Carudeo), orer 
II,. .1.1, v,.^hin, xa tl>c tauth oad of tie 
J. II 'a lodgTDg, Taloed in tLe 

Mnu churchr, as ven 
»!■ rt)» wi<!r rbarclte u 

»1- I. and 



f!.^ bole !^outh 
L c uld 



tLr 

t!.' 
1 1 

I: 

luit % J lit; uLiii > 

eorrring the fraler (frati 
►rill friurv, and the lead 
*.! ; Vic tajrd fraler, ■iDuuuU'tb to 

11. — CTcry fotber of thf said 

lr.'> ' (d at 110* atnouotctb 

In t!. /. )0». 



fri.. . 

Ike tenure o< &ir Morns C.ntfiUi, Cirrk, 

ATtlid«p«>T» of Rochotcr, and rculvtU 

fermc of a Icttle tenenirDt 

r.. . ..*.!. l_t . r.M,...l A, .. 



V 



with • dtcajed g»te> 
roiil nimr* \nH>m>) 
1 old tiiabrc and cart 



MrfL aiie. a*4 to Sff < 

gariea, on fbe KM& nit.. 

jvAamitMVytdhm, aacMaylorj 

■ jniiig * to tfceaaa 

M «H(, aMMtlar to tW I 

tbt wax pidBafesn^ B 

><ii. lUaiiaiiiilli 



the Lord Cebkaa'a back vafl 
omthammtk aie. 

aaje. «itb a c»e a 

oeSan tbarrudcT, widi a 

fbe spper end of &a aUsen, 

tbe-e to tbe frater over the 

all vUcbe coa^aimtb ia 

mti ia hrtAt 36 faatt, 

donler «n tbe eiat anle. tke . 

tbe'weat aida to tbe Lont C i ib iMMj 

on tbe aertb Mde. aa4 oa 

toabUwiTMitir tkat aar tsW 

did ctajae. One boMC calM tb« 

Crater, cantainctb ia Icastb IK fbotd 

to S>rH .v7 footf. abtitliog aoathe — . 

est. -aa's ifOiu* »J«4' 

cr,r iicar tJie king's 




lie Docliy 

:f'j bottte. 

anenir; to«r»rdfbc 

boose, ^ontcrning ju 



Chambef, a»d Sfr. 
_\ T.iri?!' rtime being 
' n end eoaX 
foote, tod 



UMcyov 



to bi««d 1 7 foot. One cuwuber called tbe 
Dacby Chamber, with a dsric lo^lTOg 
tfaerunder. cooUinin; in length 3<) 
anil in b»ed \i< foole. abbuttioe ' 
tbe north end of •ii. v.ol frater, and 
ting west ajx)] -vric's parlottr. 

All wbicbc 1 valued to be 

worthe by thr 

From this n. j uM docutnent 

the following panicuiars may be ex- 
tracted rooceroing the Blactfriars. 
Tlie churcli was in breaidth 66 feet, in 
lengtli 320; the lead nbicb covered it 
and tbe adjacent baiidings was valu«(l 
at upwards of six bundled pounds, a 
:c turn al ii " ■ tr. 

tibvcoinpn '"/. 

'itr 
■ur- 

KJUMUt-U litl HIL'H il'. ^i.'t .- '■• "inch 



• i. r. ■Wending, goiag 
Iho Suon |>r(l^aa. 



■•'• fror 




HttH of the Black Friars noticed by Shaksptarc. [Ang. 

ninety-eight feet in depth ; this wu 
probabi)' the principnl tpproach to 
the monastery, its charcli, and other 
huildiiiBis. The Emperor Charles V. 
OQ his coming to FCngland in 1522 wai 
lodged in the QIackrriars ; and afttr 
the turrender of the monastery it be* 
caiDC, from its plea»ant situation, over- 
iooltlng the river, a favourite residence 
for many distinguished persons at* 
tached to the rourt. 

London, by the suppression of mo> 
nastcries, and the destructive confla- 
gration with which it was visited in 
the century succeeding that great ec> 
clesiastical revolution, was indeed 
shorn of its ancient architectural splen- 
dour. The pointed style is peculiarly 
adapted to church architecture, and 
noble were the edifices which our fore* 
fathers erected in that roodr of build* 
ing, in honour of Almighty God. The 
genius even of Wren has not been 
able to compensate for the loss we 
have sustained of the gothic churches 
of London of the middle age. All 
know the church of .St. Saviour'* 
Southwaik,of which one half remains ( 
but the other a barbarous feeling has 
within our recollection destroyed. Of 
similar dimeosionii * was the church 
uf the Black or' Dominican Friars, 
possessing this advantage over the 
Priory Church in Southwark, that it 
stood elevated on the rising ground 
chosen in the earliest ages for the site 
of Ix)ndon. The Blackfriars' sacred 
ediflce has been laid low, the A>he» of 
the noble dead which it contained 
scattered tu the winds, and chanc« 
has now revealed the few architectoral 
and sepulchral fragments connected 
with it which have found llirlr last 
refuge in the Gentleman's Magarino. 
How truly is the press a sanctuary 
against the utter annihilatioo of many 
liisturical monument4! 

A J. K. 



measured each 1 10 feet. There was a 
chapter house west of the cloister 44 
feet in length by 22 in breadth, 
here was a fralry or common hall 
■ the buttery of the noble dimen- 
lions of Q5 feet by M, and doubtU-ss 
proportionate height. In this spa- 
iious cnamber several parliaments were 
held in the year 1529. Cardinal Cam- 
eius, the Pope's legate, with Cardinal 
7ol»ey, held their court in it to de- 
ermlne on the validity of the mar- 
riage between the King and Catharine 
f Arragon. 

In the fourth scene of the fifth act 
Henry VUI. the stage note for the 
cene describes a hall in Blackfriars, 
od the entry of Campcius and Wol- 
ey into it with great ceremony : in 
ordinary chaml>er could such a 
plendid forensic pageant have been 
Bsplayed.* 
'The precinct of the Blackfriars was 
Dundcd on the western side by a way 
Mch ran along the left bank nf the 
Iver Fleet, in the Survey called Bride- 
well ditch. Here appears to have 
eeu a gateway opening into a court 

• King Henry VIll. Act. S, Scene 4. 

^I Hull in Blackfryart. Enter two 

ergers with short silver wondii ; next 

bem two scribes in the huhits of ilortors ; 

er them tbi: A i ' " ' y 

after him : < . 

jf, Rochester, uii i ., ■■ ...Li.i, 

lith some smiill dint&ncc, rollonaagcn- 
eman bearing llie puree wllb the greot 
al : then two priests bearing rach a ail- 
' cross ; then a gentleman iishrr hare- 
accompanied with ii ' 1- 
\ bearing a silver man ' 

pen t,*' -•■•"'' •"■' '-ruAl tii.i . , 1 .-i ; 

flerUiem ^ the two Ciinliuals 

?ol80y «n'' ' '-, two t\olili;men 

th thn nworil mill amce i then eiilrr the 
ing and Queen and their traina, \c. 
tall, fVom wlinm bhuk^pr■l<.■drriTrd^laoh 
the alxiti', notice* tlir plnec of the 

Itting of 111* C< ' •'• ' ■' ' '1 

"iwaj; •• 111 II 
■JrnirVin 

f Ltitiduli, - 1 

i'f>r tlir t» 



• Tin; ff.iiJrr iriii' 
iiitr ftitnensionn of 



all 



137 



IE PORTRAITS OP VERSAILLES. 
No. 11. 



AMONG tbe portraits of perBooages 
of oote ia tbe same ruom to wliich 
oor Uil notice was cooRned, and 
p! I to whete we left off in 

c . 19 a good copy of an ort> 

Einsi jiRturc in the collection of the 
Oiatcau de Beauregxrd, tbe portrait 
of Charles, Duke of Oi leans, tbe poet, 
who was taken prisoner at the battle 
Df Aziocourt. The portrait nf Claude 
de licauvoir. Seigneur de Cbastellux, 
MarvTclial de France, a copy of an 
Ofiginal, would hardly be worth no- 
ticing, verc it not for an inscription 
which it bearii, and which coromemo- 
rates a very strange privilege. It states 
lb«t he " acquired for himself and bis 
posterity the dignity of Senior He- 
reditary Canon of the cathedral church 
of .\uxerre, with the right of being 
present at all tbe offices in a surplice 
Aod an amice, with his sword by his 
aide, booted, spurred, and a hawk on 
his fist, for having bbernlly remitted 
to the chapter of the said church the 
town of Cravant, aAer having sustained 
the siege of it for six weeks at bis 
own expense, and aAer having gained 
tbe battle of Cravant, when be took 
prisoner, with his own hand, the con- 
stable of Scotland, General of tbe be- 
siegers." 

\ copy of a small picture is all that 
W( find to commemorate tbe beauty 
of Agnes Sorel, tbe patriotic mistress 
of Charles VII. If this be a faithful 
delineation she must have been a wo- 
man of agreeable features, but not of 
very striking beauty. There ia, bow- 
ever, a decided expression of sweetness 
visible in her countenance. 

Wc now come to another picture 
mentioned by Montfaucon, who states 
it to bare been copied from one in the 
collection of M. de Gagnieres (after- 
wards in that of the Marecbal D'Es- 
trde*), and to have been made of ex- 
actly the same dimensions. The sub- 
ject is Charles Ic Temeraire, Duke of 
BttTgvndr. holdine a [mrliament. That 
.iMltM' M's this as- 

itfenkl. tweeoA.D. 

li ..ij. H7j, nud the editors 

^logue of the gallery bint 
1' lit the par- 

I wbcu be 



was about to undertake the waragainat 
the Swiss, in the course of which ho 
was killed at tbe siege of Nancy. Th# 
Duke of Burgundy is reprcscnlcd 
sitting on his throne under a canopy 
or dais, in the middle of one side of 
the hall of the Parliaiarnt. and kill 
name is inscribed over bis head 

Caroliu Dux Burgundia;. 

He is dressed in a suit of arninur. 
and over the cuirass wears a long cloak 
lined with ermine ; upon bis head is a 
crown or coronet, and in bis left hand 
he holds a roll. Thiee steps lead op 
to the throne, and on the second of 
them is seated a seigneur oocovcred, 
with a sword in his right hand. 
The name of this personage is not 
recorded in the picture, but it is pre- 
sumable that he was the Duke's Mar* 
sbal or Grand Kquerry, the Dukea 
of Burgundy of the second race, as 
Montfaucon observes, not having the 
office of Constable ettablishcd in their 
court. At tbe bottom of the steps 
are the mace-bearers standing with 
their maces on their shoulders. " The 
most honourable side of the assembly," 
says Montfaucon, " appears to have 
been on the left of the Duke: by tbe 
side of the throne we first see this in- 
scription, Chanceiier Chff du Coitfeil. 
The Chancellor is named G. Hugonet, 
who was appointed to that office in 
U'l, and decapitated by tbe inhabit- 
ants of Ghent in 1470, shortly after 
the death of Duke Charles. Over the 
heads of the three officers who sit nest 
we read the word " Preiident." The 
last of these wa* advocate- fiscal, as 
there is written on his robe in Flemish, 
Adnocaet- fitcafl, and these four per- 
sonages are all in long robes with raps. 
The next inscription is Qualre Cheva- 
liert. Two of them in the middle wear 
the full habit of the order of tbe 
Golden Fleece, with tbe bat and grand 
collar; tbe two others are in robes 
like the other members of tlie Parlia. 
ment ; but wear the decoration of the 
order suspended from tbe neck by a 
ribband. Above tbe beads of the next 
eight members are written their names, 
with the designation of Huit Conseilleri 
d'talite. Od tbe right band of the 
T 



138 



The Portraits of VvrtaU/es, No. II. 



[Aug. 



throac are seated lix masters ot re- 
quests and twelve lay counsellors, 
their names being all written over 

I their heads. The robes of all these 
bfficers are red ; but the toques of the 
former are red, like their dress, while 
those of the latter are black. Oii the 
•' floor of the bouse " arc three regis- 
trarics engaged in writing at a table, 
placed in front of the chancellor, and 
four procurators-general are seated on 
a bench with a back to it, beneath the 
ecclesiastical counsellors. Opposite 
to them, and beneath the master of 
requests, are four secretaries standing 
in front of their bench, which has no 
back like that of the registraries, and 
all are speaking to the assembly, as 

Cmay be inferred from their gestures, 
Their bench is covered with a che- 
quered cloth. On A bench the farthest 
removed from the Duke, and opposite 
to his throne, are seated the lower 
otiicers of the Parliament, one of whom 
is called Rrcfveur dea Erploira. Some 
arc seated with their faces turned to- 
wards the Duke, others have their 
faces turned towards the spectator, 
and are speaking to persons " below 
the bar," who arc come to have their 
causes tried. Two of these are con- 
sulting together, and one of them holds 
I a paper in which his case is contained. 
^^ft^QOther is speaking to an officer 
^^nvithrn the bar about his cause, which 
^^b« going to be called on. A woman 
^^bvith a black veil ending in a long 
^^ point is speaking to an officer holding 
a rod in his hand, while another 
officer within the bar is taking down 
in writing the words of a man who 
is speaking to him about a cause. 
At the end of the bench of officers 
is an usher with a rod, seated, and 
holding a paper in bis hand. The 
xecution of this piclurr, which is 
ighly interesting, from its giving an 
iccurate idea nf the judicial forms of 
that day, is good ; the faces of the 
personages, though small, have the 
distinctive character of portiails, and 
Ihe dresses and architectural details 
f the assembly are done with great 
re. It is one of tlic most curious 
lictures of the collection. 
Near the fire-place in this room 

,re two <-'^ — -' - ' '- ■'^ ^'Tt. 

ilian I. 

odfatlid ... . . . ■ . .... in 

thrir painters arc not linown, but 



one is evidently of the ichool of AU 
bert Durer ; on the other is the fol- 
lowing Inscription : 

Maximilia d'Avstrice Epereur :i3' 

Cute d'Hollndcct Zcllaile 
Espovsa. Ladiete. Mnriede UovrgoiguA 

ct. Marie, tille dv Dvc. de. Milsa. 

Another small picture close to the 
above, copied from Holbein, contains 
the portraits of Maximilian, the Em- 
press Maria of Burgundy, F^hilip I. 
of Spain, his sous Charles \. and | 
Ferdinand Emperor of Germany, and ' 
his son-in-law Louis 11. King of Hun- 
gary and I3uhemia. A good contem- 
porary portrait of Maria of Burgundy, i 
and others of Philip I, and Charles I 
V^ complete the scries of records of| 
this illustrious house. 

Numerous copies of pot traits ofl 
royal personages are to be met with I 
in this part of the gallery, such as 
those of Louis XII., Anne de Bre- 
tagne, Louise de Savoie, Regent of 
France, Jeanne la Folic of Aragon, 
mother of Charles V., &c. Of the 
original pictures most worthy of no- 
tice we may mention those of Jeanne 
de France, the first consort of Louis 
XII., who, after her divorce, took the 
title of Duchess of Berry, and received 
the honour of canonization at her 
death ; a curious portrait of Lorenzo 
de Medici, a small one of Cardinal de 
Medici by Titian, and several small 
but not very flattering pictures of the 
noble families of Montmorency and 
La Tremouillc. 

We also observe here two good 
contemporary portraits of Francis I. 
and Claude his queen, but they are not 
of sufficient value to make a descrip- 
tion necessary. There is a large but 
badly-executed picture nf Henry VIII. 
of England, from the collection of the 
Sorbonne, and it is of no authority. 
On the other hand a |iicture by Cra- 
nach of John Frederic the Magnani- 
mous, Duke and Elector of Saxony, 
the leader of the Protestant league of 
Smalkald, is a line work of ait, and of 
great value. By the aide of ' r 

portrait is a good copy ot ' 
beautiful uicture of Si' " 
consort Of Frederic, I' i 

Frederic II. Dul'- ' 
the hand. Tho i . 

pictures are pttu..^, . x.^ i 

cartful study. 




TwB •■■B aictNBs aT fmiem IL W 

(th* portfaa af tht l«k* hoM • Mfv ^ 

oTMcwthci - _ 

boag » 

ia karmoay viik 

lai 



The Novercit of Roman Camps. 



Sir 



have ever seen engraved, a desideratum 
which, we should hope, will not long 
exist. 

The portrait of a personage of very 
different character, Diane de Poictiers, 
is in this part of the gallery, but it 
does not do justice to her great beauty, 
and will not bear inspection after 
having seen her bust and statue by 
Jean Cousin. 

A fine portrait of Wiliam I. of Nas- 
sau, the great founder of the inde- 
pendance of Holland, by F. Porbus, 
sen. and several portraits of members 
of the illustrious houses of Montmo- 
rency, La Rochefoucauld, and Coligny, 
are the roost remarkable that remain 
to attract attention on the walls of 
this room. This apartment, as we 
have already observed, is one of the 
largest in the scries, and the preceding 
brief selection of the more prominent 
pictures in it, may suffice to give an 
idea of the nature and value of its 
contents. We have often wiled away 
hours of most satisfactory meditation 
-within its walls, and have always left 
it with regret. 

Mr. Ubbas. May 8/A. 

AMONG the rules laid down in 
Hyginus, relating to the castrameta- 
tioo of the Romans, he says, (with 
reference to the choice of ground for a 
camp,) "Those defects which our an- 
cestors called riofercoE (mothers-in- 
law) ought always to be avoided ; 
such as a hill commanding the camp, 
by which the enemy can descend in 
attack, or see what is done in the 
camp ; or a wood where the enemy 
can lie in ambush ; or ravines or val- 
leys by which they can stdal unawares 
on the camp ; or such a situation of 
the camp that it can be suddenly 

Uooded from a river." Improbable as 

^t may seem, yet it can be dcmon- 
Itrated that these defects (Itirse no- 
rca of ilie Romans.) aie at this day 

'to be traced, by nearly the same 
name, in the vicinity of the sites of 
ancient camps in this country ; for, 
although these places are now called 

itnd wtitten Nower, Nona, and 
<0BK, yet such may have been the 
fcr "I'lrlr^ of [iioiiouucln;! nnrvr-a 



no one has, 1 believe, ever accounted 
for the name, or attempted to do so.' ' 
I will mention three instances in de- 
monstration of my views upon this 
subject. 

Upon that eminence, near Dorkingf 1 
in Surrey, called Bary-hill, (at thej 
foot of which is the mansion ofj 
Charles Barclay, esq.) there was, nn- f 
doubtedly, a Roman camp. Tbertfj 
are other proofs of such being the I 
fact besides the name. Another ant I 
a higher part of the same eminence' j 
(lying nearer to the town of Dorking) ] 
is called " The Nover," and it com-, 
mands, as it were, that part of the 
elevation which is known as Dury-hill^ i 
At Headley, in the same count}', ' 
there is, on very high ground, a wood j 
called the Buty (and frequently Thff j 
Old Bury) where there certainly was,') 
heretofore, a camp. An adjoining' 
and overlooking eminence is called 
The JVore, and, as frequently, tlje 
Abicer. 

Burgh House at Bansted, in Sarrejr 
(not far from Epsom Downs), also 
stands upon the site of a Roman 
camp. Of this being the fact there 
can be no question, as discoveries 
have been there made indicating its 
Roman origin or character. Close to 
this (now merely separated by a road) 
is somewhat higher ground, called 
Nork, upon which stands the mansion 
called Notk Honse.* 

In each of these three instances one 
of the disadvantages or defects pointed 
out by Hyginus existed. The No- 
verca (Nower, Nore, or Nork) Bp» 
pears to have overlooked its adjoining 
bury or camp. At Burgh (in Ban* 
stcd) the Romans evidently endea> 
voured to counteract the imperfection 
they bad thus to contend with, by 
raising a large barrow or tumulus at 
the extremity of Nork, and in such a 
position as therefrom the camp and 
the adjacent country could be 
watched. + [TVinii/i, says Dr. Clarke, 
were raised by the Romans in their 
camps and citadels ; certainly for re- 
rvnniii stance. Vide Fosbroke.] As 
some proof of the Roman origin of 



here arc very many 1" 
lower and Nott ia this 



.» barrow b planted wiUt fir troes. 



•IS4S.] 



arf^Bf^fcf. — Monamftil at Moutefnttvit. 



tbU barrow or ttimtilof , ami of tbe 
Rommn oamps of placrs having de- 
•evaded to these times, is tbe fact, 
that the field where the barrow is 
goe- ••> 'li" Dame of Tumble Field, 
(o n of Tumvltu or of the 

Brii ; TwM PATH) ; and the ad- 

jacent farm is called Tumble Kano. 

Note. Nonrer, and Nork, although 
thus slightly varying in orShographT. 
cao, it is plain, e<iually claim ±io- 
rerca for their parent. 

T)tat many other instances of the 
proximity of Nower and Bury (as ap- 
plied to pUcee) exist in this country 
1 am convinced ; and 1 trust I shall 
see such communicatioos to you (in- 
duced by the present one) upon the 
subject, as will strongly confirm my 
hypothesis. Do not the same coin- 
cidences exist in France, and in other 
txiuntries which the Romans oc- 
cttpied, as well as in Britain ? 

There arc, I feel persuaded, more 
remains of the language of the Ro- 
mans in the names of places, in this 
island, than have been generally ima- 
gined. To evince this I will shortly 
trouble you with another communica- 
tion on the subject. 

Yours, &c. J.P, 



" Est, Est, E»t." 

Ma. Urban, Athimevm, April. 

SOME light has lately been thrown 
on the remarkable insciiption com- 
mencing with the above words, well 
known to all travellers who, on their 
mote from Florence to Rome, pass 
through the town of Mootcfiascone. 
In a work entitled " Comentario su I' 
originc della Citta di Montefiascone," 
published in that town in 1S41, is 
given an engraving of the monument 
of the German, commonly said to have 
been a prelate, who died there of a 
surfeit caused by indulging too much in 
the wine for which that place is so cele- 
brated. The tomb is in the church of 
St. Flavian, and contains the following 
inscription, as given in the above 
work : — 

" Est, Est, E«t, propter nimium 
Eat bic jo: Deuc Dominas 
Mens mottmu Eat.' ' 

Above it, is represented the figure of 





which are a vtcU known object, 
risible for man; milca. 



being 



a person in flowing robes, with a kind 
of coronet on the head, anil 
a broad facing to his robe 
in this fashion 
eitending from the breast 
downwards ; on each side 
of the head n is what 
is commonly rf called a 
wine-glass. *-* though 
it has, 1 think, in the en- 
gravinc:, as much the appearance of an 
hour-glass ; and a shield of arms. 
It is not easy to de- 
Icide what animal tha 
[rampant figure is in> 
tended to portray. 
There is on the moDU> 
mcnt no representation 
of crosier, ring, or 
mitre, so that it is not 
probable that the person was a prelate; 
if he had been so his title would pro> 
bably have been given in the inscrip- 
tion. " La Cronacadci Curati" dates 
the event in the year 1113. 

The victim of the good wine of 
Montefiascone left " ii ricco suo equi- 
paggio" (said to have been worth 
13,000 crowns) to the " commune," 
to be applied to pious and useful in- 
stitutions : and the revenues arc now 
employed in the support nf a seminary 
and a hospital. In the work which 
contains this account is printed, for 
the first time, a sonnet, by Casti, on 
■• Est, Est, Est." . 

Among other circumstances regard- 
ing Montefiascone, it is stated that 
Thomas (Canlilupe), bishop of Here- 
ford, died there in 1287, when on hia 
way from Rome to England, and that 
his flesh was interred there, hia 
bones being sent to his native country, 
where so much blood miraculously 
dropped from them that the bishop'a 
great enemy, the Earl of Gloucester, 
was converted by the miracle, for 
which and other prodigies the bishop 
was canonized by Pope John XXll, 
It may be remarked that this date and 
place of his death do not agree with 
other accounts — the date certainly ap' 
pears to be incorrect. 

James " the Third" was married at 
Montefiaiicone. September Ist, 1719, 
to Clementina Sobieski.by the bishop, 
who, on the Inst day of the following 
year, baptised their son, " the i'cince 
of Wales," at Ronw, whither be wa* 




Diary 0/ P. L« Nne, A'ojJoy. 



tAog,' 



called for the purpoic. Some church 
ornaments presented by Jatne« and bis 
nik to the hishop arc, I believe, still 
preserved at Montefiascone. 

Some doubt, which appears to exist 
regarding the name of the unfortunate 



German, may be decided, perhaps, by 
gome of yourcorrespondents acquainted 
with the arms ofthc ancient families of 
Germany.* 

Yours, fitC. W. C. TBBVBI.TAH. 



I 



» 



ExTBACTS raoM thk MS. Diabt or P. Le Neve, Nobbot Kiko of Arms. ' 
From tht original MS. in the poisettion of Gto. A, Carlheie, Eiq. 
Continued from Vol. Xl'IlI. p. 267. 

By a Spanish Phisitian, in Postboy, 
Satiirdav. U of Oct. 1712. 

1715.' March Dollinbroke. Vis- 
count, went over to Calais in a disguise 
this month. 

Kneller. S' Godfrey. Painter, K'. 
was created Daronet by Letters Patent 
dated day of April, 1715. 

Steel. Richard, formerly writt the 
Spectator, knighted then. 

Ormund, Duke, impeach'd, ond Vis- 
count Boltingbroke — y' Duke went to 
France the beginning of August — 
landed at Deip Wednesday, August 
.with one serv' Renauld — bills 
of attainder brought against them and 
attainted. 

Howe, Nicholas, esq. Poet Laureate 
in room of Nat. Tate, who dyed 12 of 
August, took the oaths. , 

Ormund — Bolinbroke — M"* this 14 
of Sept. 1715, the house of Lords 
ordered that the Earle Marshall should 
take care that the titles of the late 



1710, March. — Guiscard, Marquis, 
bI. diet, the Abbat Dc la Bourlie, 
Btabbed Mr. llarley in a Committee 
of Couocill 8lh instant, March, about 
4 afternoon, as he was under examina- 
tion at the cockpitt. with a penknife, 
and was himsrir run thro' by the Duke 
of Ormund. Mr, Harley recovered — 
he sent to Newgale — dyed of a morti- 
fication in one of his wounds Saturday 
morning 17th of March, in Newgate, 
so of the bruises given him by the 
messenger in resisting him, 

1712. — RoyatI Society — memorand. 
that on Thursday the 27th of March 
1713, I WB» sworn a member thereof, 
or on the Thursday the 20th of that 
month. 

Vertea on Queen Anne. 

Quod sit foeminii generis nunc dicere 
nemo 

Ambigit, ad paeem fcemina pandit iter. 
Armorum laudc impensis fatoq. volenti 

Que UeUona fuit jam Dea pacis erit. 



• We ndd the following extract from Mi«»on'« Tear through It«ljr : — *' As we drew 
near to Montefiiiscoae, a little town seated on a hillock, eight miles from ViCerbium. 
the chUdren came out to meet u», asking whether we wonid see Est, Est, Est. Per- 
haps jou have already beard the story, but it is so singular, that I am resolved at all j 
adventures to give you an account of it. A certain gentleman, or perhaps an abbotl 
or archbishop, as you will ofterwardf perceive, travelling from Germany into Ilaly.H 
used to send his servant before him, says the traditioo, to taste the wine in all (he 
taverns on the road with orders to write the word Est over the door where he foand 
the best liquors. Now it happened (hit Ihr Mnm'Mello of Montetisscone pleased Mr. 
Taster's palate to such a degree, that he thought it deserved a triple cocomium, and 

therefore wrote three Ests over the door ; and it ccoms tti" -• '■ ; ' ,i , 

I with it than the man, for he drank so murh of it that I j J 

spot. We went to see bis monument in St. Flavian's! , ! ml 

the town, where he is represented with a mitre on his head, and on each side of hugJ 

are two scutcheons, (qunrterly in the 1st n lion, in the 2nd two fesses, the shield M 

not blaxoned, his naiP' : this is the uamM 

o/onfof l/ic ^rentetf ' -uses. At Iiik fe« 

are these words in wo I ,it^ 

I Kit, Jo. dtPucr', n til 

I Est m; master. Jo. <! yl 

I hit sei-vsnt. t - .t] 

I aome error." % >'] 

llfnally ditfertol frouiuur currcspuuUcul's rcwlisg. Kutr. A 



^iary of P. Le Nrve, Norng. 



DuV' ' '^7 : ind and Vise' Bulinbrokr 
tbor ik out of all UolUofthe 

nobilM^. i.i..cU was done the 17 by 
ordrr of the Ekrie Marsbali by me, 
p. L. Norrojr. 

)7lG. — Ortnund, Diikc.his atchieve- 
mfnt taken down and spurned out of 
tbe church, the sword first, banner 
next, helmet, ciest, and lambrekins 
after, by Garter nominated, Norroy, 
Chester, Windsor, Snmetset, Ricbm"', 
Lancaster Heralds, and Portcullis pur- 
suivant, after morning prayer — after 
went to the eubdcan's, where they 
drunk the King's health, princes, fee. 
and arrived at London that night. 
[No date, bat between entries of 0th 
aod ]2lh July, 1716.] 

Leihnittz, ascd S6, born 1G30, God- 
fridVVilhelm, Historiographer in Hano- 
ver, a great mathematitian and philo- 
sopher, dyed of an appoplex, or rather 
of the gout in his stomach, Saturd. 
night, 14 Nov. n. stile and 3d old 
stile ; depoiited in the Church in the 
New town at Hanover tdl the King 
orJera — his relations at Lcipsyk, 
where he was born — no will — un- 
married. 

Sunday, 29th of July, 1716. I 
went to Hampton Court by water. 
Mr. Stebbing Somerset with me in the 
boat, i after 5 ia morn. Hazy — 
reacht Hampton Court at (before) 11 
— at 12 kist y' Gardion's hand.* At 
one the Gardian and Princess (came 
after) went to chappell attended as the 
King, 4 Serjeants at arms, the band 
of Pentioners, the Lord Longvile car- 
tied the sword, and returned in the 
same manner. She dined publickly, 
Alipeteonsof the mcanist rank suffered 
lo crowd in — both served on the knee, 
the Gardian by gentlemen cupbearer, 
carver, and sewer, with the assay ; the 
princess by 3 ladys cupbearer, with 
the waay, carver, and sewer, with the 
essay, — returned tow''* London at 5, 
ar-rivrd at London at 1 1 that night. 

[y ' mem.] Peter Leneve kist 

tlir , :nd that morning on ac- 

coui.t ■.. i,.,,.ijj to Hanover with the 
Habits of the ordrr of Garter, to in- 
vest Prince Freder' and Duke of York. 

171". — Segar, Symon, esq. dyed 

• Mm Rojrtl Highness Georgc-Augustiu, 
Pliooe of WalcK, •"»» sppoinlcd Gosrdian 
of the Kcslni, nnd Lieutenant vithiu the 
MOir, Jnljr S, \'\<3. (Ucatton.) 



day of March 1716-17 without isstie 
male, great-grandson of S' Will. Segar. 
K' Garter — one D' left — buried at 
. A damnable rake, but 
his head turned to Heraldry. 

Pttlliotti, Kerdinando Marquis, bro- 
ther to the Dutchess of Salop, tryed 
and condemned for the murder of his 
servant — a wild boar, a lyon, not fitt 
to live in the world, baveing killed 17 
Beverall persons — hanged at Tyborn 
for the same on Muuday, )7lh of 
March, 1717. 

1748. — Salop, Duke, who dyed the 
last month, was, at the time of the 
death of Queen Anne, Lord Treasurer 
ofBritain, Lord Chamberlain of House- 
hold, Lord Leifi of Ireland, which 
never before happened. 

Installation of the Prince Frederick, 
the Duke of York and Albany, St, 
Alban's, Montagu, and Newcastle, 
with the Earl of Berkley, celebrated 
at Windsor 31 of Aprill 1718,— the 
Proctor for Prince Frederick was S' 
Samuel Lcnnard, K' and baronet, who 
was knighted at the same time with 
S' Adolphus Oughtun, who was proxy 
for the Duke of York. — Dined at the 
King's expense — Mr. Anstis officiated 
as Garter then the first time, 

[Feb. 7. 17I8-I9.] King at the 
new house of Lords in the middle of 
Westminster hall, whilst the old house 
repaired, came to pass severall acts of 
Parliament — tlie state met him at his 
cuach side at Westm' hall great gate 
in the new pallacc yard ; walkt along 
the west side of the hall up to the 
Lord Chief Justice of the King's 
bench his reteyring room by the 
Treasury, King's bench, where he put 
on his robes — officers of arms, serients, 
and band of Pentioners stood at Hall 
gate to receive him, and walkt before 
him — the band halted at the steps of 
the first room to the door 

of the inner room and filed of — after- 
wards went down to the steps of tbe 
rooms just in West' hall, from whence 
they attended the King to the house, 
turning to the left and gociog upon 
tbe left of the throne. 

Titus, Mrs. one of the daughters 
and heirs of Coll. Titus, long since 
dec*, and a stale maid, liveing at Bua- 
»hey in Herlf. worth ".0,000/. married 
to Timothy her footman — the other 
sister dyed day of 

Croggs, James, Esq. otie of the •«- 




Diaiy of P. Le Nere, Norroy. 



[Aug. 



I 



creUrys of Estate, dyed of the small 
pox between 3 and A afternoon Tliurs- 
day 16 of Febr. 1720-21, at hi» house 
in Jermyn Street — buried at West- 
minster Abbey, Thursday 2d of March, 
in the same vault with Generall Monk, 
Marquis of Halifax, Earl of Halifax, 
and Secretary Addison. His epitaph, 
his father being a foutman first, and 
of no family — 

" Here lyes the 2d who dyed before the 
first of his family," 

Craggs, James, father of Craggs the 
secretary, dyed Tuesday 14 or Thurs- 
day 16 of March of a dose of opium, 
because he would not be examined 
before the house of Com'ons — buried 
at Charleton in Kent, Tuesday, 23 
March. 1721. 

1.200 p. ann. land. 

92,000 South Sea Stock. 

43,000 East In. 

26,000 bank. 

Prior, Mathcw, formerly Plenipo in 
the treaty with France, a most excel- 
lent Poet, dyed at Wyneld in Cam- 
bridgeshire 18 day of Sept. 1721, 
buried in Westm' Abbey, 25 day of 
September, about lialf an hour past 12 
at noon, next Spencer's tomb, the Poet, 
— he wrote his own epitaph, which 
was handed about the town— was 

Kings and oohles , by your leave, 
Here lye the bones of Mathew Prior, 

A son of Adam and of Eve, — 

Let Boucbou or Nassau goc higher. 

Answered by P. L, Norroy, 

They can't because your name i% prior. 

Johneon, S' Robt., who was 
knighted by King Geo. and ran away 
to sea without paying fees for the 
Honor, comandcr of the Exeter man 
of war, with his 2 sons drowned in 
the Addison, an East Indian ship, 
lost at the Cape of good (and bad) 
hope in Africa, day of June, 1722. 

Thoresby, Ralf, esq. of Leeds in 

Yorkshire, a very good antiquary, and 

my good friend, dyed there day of 

Sept. 1729, buried In the church there 

day of 

Ourfy, Thomas, the port, ingenioun 
for witty madrigals, buried Tuesday 
20 day of Febr\iary, 1722-3, in St. 
J A-.. ' '" iirch in Midda. at the 
€l Puke of Dorset. 

;-t.>)/c/.i. Ul. Vificounl. — On his 
coach his motto " .\e supra auduiu 



sapcre." The father of E. Bradford, a 
fole, — the son not over wise. 

(1727) George Ist, King of Great 
Britain, &c. taken ill of the fatigue of 
his journey on the road between Ho- 
land and Osnnuurgh (driving 150 miles 
day) dyed there in the Duke of York's 
Pallace on Sunday morning the llth 
of June, after one of the clock, about 
three — aged 68, and days, since 28 
of May last — 13 of his reign — the 
news came to London by express on 
Wednesday I4th of June; hif son and 
heir George Prince of Wales pro. 
claimed on Thursday noon 15th in- 
stant in the Court at Leicester house— 
the Lords Chancelor, Privy Scale, 
Archbishop of Canterbury, and many 
others of the privy council! standing 
by the officers of arms. Garter read- 
ing y Proclamation thereon in the 
midle of the Court all' on foot, and 
after the officers of arms mounted on 
horse back, and garter and clarcnceux 
proclaiming him again afore the new 
King — appartmcnt without the court 
in the square — a parly of Granadeers 
led the way — K' marshals men, trum- 
pets, king Serjeant trumpet, officers 
of arms, Richmond, Norroy, Clarenc. 
and Garter, each between 2 Serjeants 
at arms. 3d Proclamation at Charing 
Cross, Clarenc. read, Norroy Pro- 
claimed ; so to Temple, and against 
Chancery lane end, Norroy read, 
Richmond repeated, met by Lord 
Maior with sword-bearer, comon cryer 
[with wand r] Aldermen, Sheriffs, Re- 
corder, Judges of City Courts, comon 
hunt, waterbailif, Town clerk, At- 
torney, all in coaches, which should 
not have been — Maior, Aldermen, 
Recorder, and Sberiifs should have 
been on horseback, and sword-bearer, 
comon crier, comon hunt, and water 
bayliff, with the others, all on foot, 
and not in their coaches. 

M'. the usher of black rod ridd In « 
better place then Garter, and it is said 
within Temple liar Garter ridd afore 
or after L'' Maior's coach. 

King's Will deposited in the h&ndt 
of the Archbishop of Canterbury, read 
in Councill. I5,00o2. in bank bills 
found in the King's closet. 

Parliament met 27th of June 1787, 
KiiiL '■ ,' ■ • , ■ '■ ', ii»e 

of I •'h 

which III' rcaii muui>; vu 'h* Uii'mvtQ 

his Kayi.1 robes, wUb crowa on bi< 



1843.] 



Calholic and Protettanl Sckotam. 



\w 



head. Officers of arms i?ho attended 
Garter. Clareoce, Norroy, Richmociii, 
Wiirdtor, Laocastrr, Portcullii, Blew- 
roaotle, Rouge Croix attended. So- 
merset absent in|>erson at Hull.Cheiter 
at the Bath, York and Roug Dragon 
mine too late. 

Le Neve. Petfr, Norroy King of 
Arms, married at Sparhaiu Church on 
Hunday morning 26 of July 1727, by 
Mr. Hunt. Rector, by licence — his wife 
and Sam Knnlles present — to Frances, 
daughter of Robert Beeslon, Miller, of 
Wychingbam. 

Twelf-day — waited at Court, the 



King and Queen went to Cbappell — 
after 2d service, at the words for 
oflieriog, the King went down and of- 
fered in 3 silk purses, inclosed in a 
deal box, covered with silk, gold, 
frankincense, and rairb ; the gold was 
only about 12 pennyworth of leafe 
gold, in the 2 others about 2 peony- 
worth of each sort. 

Woodward, Dr. Auction of Books 
ended 25 of Mar. 1729, the Clypcus 
votivus sold for l(Xt guineas, bought 
for that price by Capt. Vincent — note, 
a fool and his money soon parted. 



^o'f- — The foregoing are all I have thongbt worth extracting from Le Neve's Diary, 
for although there are four volDnies bound up of " Memoranda of Marriages, Births, 
aod Burials of the Nobility and Gentry of Great Britain, and Parliament men, with 
Olhtr NoUble Traotactions," which might be nscful if indexed to the genealogist, 
*•'>'■•" ■■■'■■ ""d herald, they would not be of sufficient general interest for the Gentle- 
•" ■'«• They are apparently the rough entries from which his MSS. in the 

H: k'ge were compiled. G.A.C. 



Ma. Umban, Cork. 

iConlinurd from p. 'i\.) 

ESTIMATING then, in further ap- 
preciation, our author's claim of prece- 
dence for the partizaos of Reform, we 
may ask, whether in liteiature, when 
the study of the classics constituted its 
leading culture, the Italian commen- 
tators, to whom, in fact, Europe owes 
rsscDtially the restoration of letters, 
and to whom we are indebted for 
nearly all the originals — the entire, 
without exception, of the Latin, and, 
save a very few, for the Greek, authors 
of antiquity, were, I say, theManutil, 
Victorius, Sigooius, with numerous 
others, surpassed in critical acumen, 
iaferior iu elucidation, or less felicitous 
in defining the genuine texts? And, 
in native productions during that 
century, what rivals, in the precincts 
of Protestantism, can be opposed to 
Ariojlo, Tusso, Vega, Ercilla y Zuniga, 
(author of the epic " La Araucana,") 
Cnt"""'"" ■■■ f .. i...ii.s_ except the 
sin in England? 

Tli , '-re is no where 

Un anununced ; a silence 

«l'< ally, I think, establishes 

its character ; for the profession, or 
Inferential indications of the dominant 
creed would no more have been with- 
held by him than hy Spenser and hia 
other contx'mporarles ; while the de- 

Oent. .Msq. Vol. XX. 



claration of a persecuted faith, then, 
during the exasperation of the Gun- 
powder Plot, more especially, the 
peculiar object of popular odium, 
was scarcely to be expected, however 
sincere its internal persuasion majr 
have been, even from more ardent 
Catholics than a stage actor, or play- 
wright, may be considered. His 
father's religious belief rests un- 
disputed on the evidence of his extant 
will, given by Malone, vol. I. part ij. 
p. 330. of bis edition (1780) of the 
poet. The great and well-founded 
boast of Holland at that period, 
Justus Vanden Vondel, partly the 
contemporary, but long the survivor of 
Shaksf>ere (1587 — 107^). abandoned 
his original sect the Anabaptists, or, 
as they now call themselves, teleio- 
baptists, for the Catholic communion, 
in which he continued to live, and in 
which he died. Many, very many, 
features of resemblance between him 
and our Bnrd may be traced, in birth, 
genius, fortune, &c. ; and the parallel 
is constantly drawn by the Dutch 
enthusiasts of his merits. Of him, as 
of Shaksperc, French arrogance has 
said, 

*' C'est an dismoot brat, tel qu'il sort de 
la terre ; [plaire, 

Mais c'est un dismant, qui, tailU, puorrait 
MCuie anx tcojc des Franoais," 
U 



\4f> 



The Amaulds. — Port Royal. 



[Ang. 



Again, in France, of which Calvin 
(page ClI) 14 declared at once the 
rcrormrr of her language and noraU, 
who does, or patiently could, read his 
corapositions in her tongue i As well 
might the English student be con- 
demned to wade through the cumbrous 
mass of Thomas Norton's translation 
of his great work, comprising, with 
the table, about fourteen hundred 
closely printed octavo pages, now be- 
fore me, and bearing the date of IS'S. 
" Philip de Coraines," on the contrary, 
and " Amyot" are still perused with 
dt'light in their original idiom, greatly 
more pleasurable to read than his, to 
which, however, I am far from re- 
fusing merit. Indeed, his own estimate 
of it was by no means humble, as we 
learn from his " Defensio contra Wcst- 
phalum (Opusc. p. 842) j nor could, 
we may well conceive, a person of his 
energy of mind and dominant spirit, 
wield a feeble pen. Conscious and 
proud, therefore, was he of the talent, 
which is granted him by D'Alembert 
and Villemaln, and not disputed even 
by Bossuet, a much higher authority, 
because so much more conversant with 
his writings, "Donnons-lui done," 
says his great adversary, " puis qu'il 
1e veut tant, ccttc gloire d'avoir aussi 
bien ^crit qu'bomme de son allele," 
words obviously, however, more of con- 
cession, than persuasion, (Variations, 
liv. ix.) But, as compared with 
Amyot, the opinion of no inadequate 
judge, and his contemporary as well 
Fas Calvin'f, Michel de Montaigne, 
[decides the superiority. In his 
llCsjays, book H., ch. iv, he says, 
'*' Je donne Bvec raison, ce rac seroble, 
la palme it Jacques Amyot sur tous 
DOS dcrivains Francois, non seulement 
[pour la nairete et puret^ du language, 
en quoi il surpasse tous les autres," &c. 
Wow, the death of Comines, of whose 
fttyle the sagacious Gascon (iivre ii., 
jfh. 10) ia scarcely less laudatory, 
preceded the birth of Calvin, between 
vhom and Amyot there was only a 
JilTcrencc of fouryears (150q — ISISl ; 
iMc! the reforiner's writin ly 

hail no inlloencc on the ^ I 



|attons (< for 

. , , 1838, p. J/r./ ...... lu any 

ill t)ic rcfoimed writers, Calvin't 



Latin diction, on the other hand, is 
much and deservedly esteemed ; and 
the dedication of his " Christiaafl 
Religiunis Institutio," to Francis tk 
First, is classed with the few entitle 
to distinction in that prostituted line 
of composition. (See Dr. Dibdin'a 
Library Companion, p. 798). The 
book which he translated into French, 
though M . D'Aubign^ preferably quotes 
the better Latin, and to which this 
dedication may be said, like D'.Mem- 
bert'a Preliminary Discourse to the 
Encyclopedia, to be, " un vestibule 
digne de I'^difice," is, doubtless, a 
very able exposition of his doctrine, 
ycl, most certainly, raised to an absurd 
exaggeration of eminence by sectarian 
partiality, when bis disciple Thurlus 
characterized it as second only to 
apostolical excellence. 

" Prtttor Gpittolicos post Chrirti tcmpora 

chartos, 
Huic pepcrcre libros sxcula nulla parcra." 

In hisardourforentiatiog all faculties 
and celebrities in his cause, M. 
D'Aubigne', at page 241 of the third 
volume already adverted to, appears 
anxious to ascribe the literary value 
of the Port Royal productions to the 
fact that the grandfather of the 
ArnanUU had been a Protestant, By 
a parity of deduction, the Catholics 
might justifiably claim for their body 
the genius of Milton, whose grand- 
father was a zealous adherent of their 
creed, and disinherited his son for 
abandoning it ; as we are assured by 
the poet's biographers. A less distant 
right would even assign them Shak- 
spere, whose father, as his testamentary 
record, above referred to, demonstrates, 
was a Catholic; and were not the 
parents of all the original reformers 
equally so ? This, indeed, from another 
pen, would be viewed u» an extra- 
ordinary course of argumentation, but 
|i) by no means in discord with our 
controvertist's mode of reasoning. U 
is very nostible that In early youth, 
when following the fortunes of the 
arch- traitor, Bourbon, who fell at the 
sack of Home in 1S27, this elder 
' M may have swerved from bis 
laiih ; but he mu^t liave re- 
liii.itl to it, we may bf^lic- •■■>•»-! 
appointed .^dvocBte Cicncrul 
rine of Mcdicis; and it i:: .- ...1 
dunbt that his sua and oamcMkc, 



1843.] 



I'orl Royal.— Calag. 



\\ 



III- - '-'•"'I Anfoinc. WM not a Protes- 
ta . from his opposilion to 

tl, Ih' unvarying pulicy or 

f'i ng of liis fiinil}', he 

w li to lie one — « con- 

dasion, wc may natiirally suppose. 
Dot \m applicable lo hiit father. At 
•Jl events, ofthe twenly-two children, 
fruits of his mnrriagc with Catharine 
Marion, we know that oil the eur- 
viring dauglitert. t,\x \o nuinbi-r, in- 
cluding "La Mire Anj£(?lir|Ue," and 
whom the impartial IVit'fixe, the 
CT- " -■' '"rrapherofllie Great Henry, 
tl' " purescnmmedcsanges, 

Uij.i „....ivclleii»ca comme dos (!(?- 
mons," devoted themselves to religious 
life, under vows of conventual obliga- 
tion. Four only of the sons reached 
■ianbond,of whom the eldest, Arnauld 
d'Andilly. died a devout recluse of 
llait Royal ; another became bishop of 
Angers ; and the youngest, a third An- 
loinc, eminent, 1 have previously stated, 
as " le Urand Arnauld," was, next to 
l)o»suet, the most formidable adversary 
which Protestantism had then to en- 
fonnter. To name his works would 
be suflicient evidence of the fact, " Le 
Heovetsement de la Morale de Jesus 
Christ, par les Calvinistes," " La 
Pcrik'tuite de la Foy," &c. in proof 
of transubstantiation, conjuintly with 
Nicole, and numerous others of fervent 
coDtroversy. At a very early age, he 
was elected a doctor of Sorbonne, the 
highest degree of theological pro- 
fession ; and yet this is the family 
which M D'Aubign^ would fain con- 
t«rt into allies, and force into his 
camp. As well might he proclaim 
BoMuet tributary to his cause ; and, 
with far nearer approach to truth, 
would the Catholics reckon the Oxford 
Puseyitet in their com tnunion. History, 
In these volumes, little sustains, in- 
deed, the duties and character assigned 
to ll by Cicero, ai the " testis tempo- 
ruin, lui Teritatis." &c. (Ue Oratore, 
lib. ii. g.) 

"Out of Protestant France," adds 
oar polemic, "arose all the cultivated 
portion of the French nation . . . and 
out of that portion arose also the 
society of Pi '■ ' a society which 
ftlmtd at I . into the ca- 

th ' - - ■ - ......... I....1, 

t) 

ti.i..M.....i...i.. .;. ■. ...p -•-. 

iliKlaimed by themselves, the Jan- 



senists' definition of predestination 
may avsimilnte to Calvin's principles, 
1 am incompetent to determine; but 
a line In favour of the Reformation 
never, I fear not to assert, issued from 
Port Koyal, whose inmates, in speech 
and letter, showed themselves, 1 re- 
peat, amongst the ablest and most 
zealous opponents of the religious 
system of which they are here pro- 
nounced the advocates. And, em- 
bracing the nation at large in intel- 
lectual comparison or cultivated rela- 
tion, not only did the nine-tenths of 
her eminent son!., in every nvocalion 
of knowledge or action, ptofess the 
Catholic worship, but received for the 
most part their education from the 
Jesuits, to whose colleges even Pro- 
testnnts sent their children, notwith- 
standing the interdict of tlieir synods, 
as we learn from the Huguenot Des- 
raaiseaui, in his biography of liayle, 
tome i. p. 7. Nor was it very un- 
usual with English Protestants to place 
their sons in the seminaries of St. 
Omer and Douay for early instractioo, 
or their daughters, with the same view, 
in educational convents. Yel Daylc, 
on the change of his religion, ot Tou- 
louse, was at once discarded and re- 
fused all support by his father. Such 
wag the vauDtcd freedom of private 
judgment.* 

* The deplorable catastrophe a century 
aftemanls (ITli!). of Calas, in the same 
city, was grounded on the supposition that 
this ProtC!^t■.lIlt father had put his son tn 
death, for having, hkc Oayle, embraced 
the catholic creed. His innocence was 
unfortunntely proved too late; but bis 
family had the consolation of seeing liis 
memory relieved from the adhering slain— 
a service mainly due to the influence and 
exertions of Voltaire. Yet. not thirty 
years after the event, I found, to my 
surprize and mortification, that manycoo- 
tcoiporarics of the deed, and otherwise 
not irrational, were still impressed with 
a tulief of the father's gaiU. But, though 
a|>piirent1y a lecrular procedure of ordinary 
criminal law, tliat the iniquitoUK saotence 
was not free from a religious bias, or fii- 
natical tincture, can hardly be denied, 
uutwithstmnding the boasted enlightment 
of the age. In Jeed, not much above sixty 
yettrs before, in Protestant Scotland, in 
ill capital, too. ' ' rn Athens, we 

IrArn from the ' Mr. Homer's 

recently publisb. i imt on unhappy 

youth, only eighteen years old,— otherwise^ 



t48 



Pascal. — Mad. de Sevigni. 



[Aug. 



Great and deserved renown has long 
attached to Port Royal ; but, though 
I the acknowledged seat of learning and 
piety, the persecution its members 
bad to endure contributed in no small 
degree to this celebrity ; for, of their 
numerous productions, almost the only 
one of surviving fame is Pascal's Pro- 
vincial Letters. The literary merit of 
these letters no one can contest ; and 
to their publication Voltaire refers the 
fixation of the French language. Still, 
their influence, as well as that of the 
society whence they emanated, on the 
national literature or idiom, has been 
greatly exaggerated by our author ; 
for several writers, held more or less 
classical at this day, certainty owed 
to Pascal no obligation of style, such as 
Corneille, Moli^re, Quinault, La Fon- 
taine.Voitarr, La Rochefoucauld, Pellis- 
son, St. K^al, who were all his seniors. 
So was Descartes, whose " Uiscours 
dc la Mdthode," published in 1637. or 
full twenty years before the sublime 
hypochandriac's work of genius ap- 
peared, scarcely contains an obsolete 
word. And so were St. Evremond, 
and Bussi-Rabutin, the purity of 
whose style is praised by Voltaire, 
with others. But Port Royal's proud- 
est boast, because its direct fruit, 
was the education of Racine, though 
ao far from our acknowledgements 
being due to his masters for those im- 
mortal productions whicb shine with 
brightest efl°ulgencc amidst the glories 
of that Aug\istan era; it is, on the 
contrary, certain, that every exertion 
of personal authority, and every de- 
nunciation of religious penalty, were 
urged to divert the appliance nf his 
genius from its kindred pursuit. 
Madame dc Scvigne, whose letters, far 
more than Pascal's, may bid defiance 
to time, for 



L^ ilis »' ' ' ' J by Lord Austrulher, (» 
juii^t •■. andextri-melyxttulious, 

,wiu L.. :ur blaspht^iny. And in 

i7(>b', another yount; man e<]Uiilljr im- 
Ditiire in years — the Chevalier dr U 
Jarre — was condemned to a cruel drxth at 
MitMn'illr, fur mutilnlini^ a rrucifix, whrn, 

n 



" Age cannot wither her, nor custom stale 
Her iufiDitc variety,'' 

Antony and Clvopalra, Act. 1. Se. 3. 

was his junior only by a few months, 
and Boasuct by three years ; but to 
neither was he a model of style, not 
certainly to the lady in grace, nuchas 
she admired his associates, though she 
could smile at their moral yalimalias, 
as she terms their overstrained theory 
of ethics, (16 July. 1677) ;* nor to the 

* Madame dc SMj^^'s son, and, in 
some degree, the inheritor of her talents, 
did not, however, impUcitly adopt her 
admiration of the Port RoynJ writera, 
(with the necessary exception of Pascal,) 
as his correspondence with his sister 
shows. " II juge micuz que sa m^re le 
style trop vantc- dea (Jcrivains de Port 
Royal," (tee Letters of 12 Jan. and 
2 Feb. 167<))> remarks, in consequence, 
M. Grouvelle, editor of Madame de 
S(^vign<'''» letters, the first of which, that 
of 15 March l(j47, to her cousin Butsi- 
Rabutin, preceded the earliest of the 
Pr(/rinria/r«, dated tlie SJid of January, 
KitMi, by nearly nine years, but still bears 
the unerring atomp of her style and 
manner, genuine, original, and without 
model, as without rival. Th.tl. never- 
theleaa, for the use or sppUralion of some 
cxprenions, she was indebted to tbot 
great tchoul, cannot be denied, as in the 
words lumineux and ^claf. (Letters of 
37th Se|itciiiber and {tb November, I b'7 1 .) 
Yet, albeit a cuurtly liigh-bom lady, her 
thoughts iind liincruage are not alwayi 
marked with the dtflicacy that distinguishea 
the works of these cilebrated I'cnohltei. 
Thus, on tlic 13th December, IU7l,aha 
relates. " Je vois arriver cet homme, 
(the postman.) crott^ jns<)u'au c . . ." 
But, though uutrDuslatablu in literal eon- 
stmction, the rxpres«ion, with others not 

Icp' "•■- 'v. will be found in Muiitaignc, 

» ih chapter of his firat book 

Bii proof of the fait. Indeed, 

St. Augualui, (De Ciriiate Dei, lib. xiv. 
4.) is quite as plain on a paitieular 
anecdote, which hi« ccn . Lu- 

doTirus Vivcg, the preci : ■ fiml 

Mary, illustrates in a siiii ^' r 

docs J. J. Rousseau di^: 
rous word in relating thf'i' 
de Vercellis, (Coiifeaainuii, pKriic I, 
livfv i.) ; nnd KH»*tt»niiui, aa mi|rht tic ft* 



I 



onment n 

I youth, i 

I hoth creeds, ore ut uo leiuule date. 



ul Ciaudius. " liicilur etioiu ui«diUlus 



1843.] 



Mad. de Sevign^> — Patcal. 



!4g 



prelate in roajeity. At for the subject 
matter uf these letters. Father Daniel's 
" EntreticDs <le Cltfandreet d'EuJoxe" 
(Gent. M«g. for October. 1842, p. 362,) 
preaeols an able, though little known, 
refutation oft lieir impeachments against 
his orjer ; but. as Voltaire (Sieclc de 
Lxiois XIV, chap. 33) truly remarks, 
" 11 De s'agissait pas d'avoir raison : 
il s'agissait de divertir le public," and 
every Frenchman knows, because 

■dietain, qao Tcniiim daret, flatam crepi- 
taaqof* Tcntris in coovivio cmittendi,'' 
Etch the influence of Voltaire bu failed 
in populiirizing the term impatue, in place 
of ntl dcMc, But, of our ovn writet;, 
•ee Hndibros. cintn i, t'M, and canto 

ill ■' ''vift, and man; others 

no; 'I. 

r. I mo as remarkable 

that in S^'Tign6'f corres- 

poodeoc Monatc and familiar 

prononn, lu, the customnry and mutual 
address of parent and child, as well as the 
si^al of intimacy, or fupcriority of posi- 
tion in racial relation!:, is never to he 
found. Yet, in that age, we have eridencc 
of its habitual use by Charles the First 
and Crom«ell towards their wives and 
children in family intercourse, although 
now confined in England to the Society 
of Friends, or the peasantry. It was a 
whim of Richardson to attribute it to 
Lovelace and bis gay companions , but 
in France it is universally prevalent in 
domestic and intimate circles at present, 
as it was obligatory by law during the 
period of terror ; and Napoleon, we know, 
Dniformly employed it to his Empresses 
and son. althouicli by no mean^ pleased 
when thus bcedlessly accosted, utter his 
elevation, by his old companion in arms, 
Lanoes, forgetful of the distance which 
then ocpamted them. 

Contrary again to oar nsage, the French 
generally address tlie Deity in the plural, 
nuMf as in the Lord^s Prayer, whirli re- 
minds me, in answer to an old in(|uiry of 
Cydweli'Si (Gent. Mag. for December, 
18$7, p. 489), just now accidentally pre- 
•eateil to my view, to assnre him that our 
" load as not iulo temptation," doubtless 
Ihr •"-■ - • riiretation of the original, as 
Wf 1 \'ulgate, is always rendered 

in i : . "ilies and ttchooU, (expertus 

loquor.j " Ne nous Isi^Hcz tias succnniber 
• Utcntat>on,"or, ssin Pt'nacy'svrrsiun, 
" Ne Doas abandnnnrx point & la Irnta- 
tiaa," a ooostruction to which ynur valued 

conwpon' ■ "'■ ' -' - „ild, if I 

roisUke ■ ril ; Tor it 

■arclyen; ' i he letter, 

III the luppbcalinn. 



deeply sensitive to, the power of ridicule, 
not in Shaftesbury's representation, as 
a test of truth, but as the probe of 
feeling. 

Pascal's " Pcn«<?e»," though appa- 
rently the mere rudiments of some 
mighty couception, not fully traceable 
in this unfinished ontline, still, like 
the antique Torin, will be found un- 
erringly to display those elevated fa- 
cnltics of mind, which constitute ge- 
nius, and offer to ouradmiralion an in- 
tellect of the first compass. The frag- 
mentary collection was not, however, 
published till 1670, eight years after 
his death, nor even then so full as we 
now have it in the editions of Bossut 
and Keoooard. Thai circulated by 
Voltaire and Condorcet in 1/76, was, 
with their wonted disregard of truth, 
and recklessness of all means of cor- 
ruption, perverted in its sense by 
their commentaries, and estranged in 
the text by their interpolations. M. 
Cousin is now preparing an edition, I 
am happy to learn, grounded on Pas- 
cal's original manuscript, which I 
have seen in the royal library. It is 
singular enough that the spot conse- 
crated in sanctity of residence and 
venerated recollection by the pure and 
pious virgins, associated in devotion 
and charily, under the sacred charge 
of Angelica Arnauld, should now be 
the site of a lyivg-inhotpilal, the re- 
ceptacle, in its distinct attribution^, 
still more of guilt than of poverty. 
It is thus we sec the purlieus of the 
Parisian palace of justice, the sanc- 
tuary of law, made the chosen habita- 
tion of malefactors. Kcarly opposite, 
again, is the foundling-hotpital, which 
covers the ground formerly devoted to 
the noviciate seminary of the Orato- 
rians. 

" . . . . Sic remm snmma novatur 
Semper, et inter semortalcsmutuavivunl.' 
Lucrtt. ii. "2. 

Both establishments are located be- 
tween the Luxembourg-gardens and 
the observatory ; and in their imme- 
diate vicinity lies the ensanguined 
field of Ney's execution, which, with- 
out determining the problematical 
question of its justice, it would, I 
think, redound more to our illustrious 
Duke's fame to have prevented than 
suffered. J, R, 

( 7li ht eoatiuutd.) 



rso 



The tarl^ Chris! iaim regarded as Jews. 



[Aug, 



Mb. UnBAN, 

M i LLOT, in his Elcmcnls of Ancient 
Hislory. while discussing the ques- 
tion whether tlic em pcror Trajan w»s a 
persecutor of llip Christians, mentions, 
among other preilisposing causes, " la 
liaine centre Ics Juifs loujours dispo- 
e^s it la livohc. \'\<i(e da Judaiirae 
attachee & In nouvelle reli)!ion .... 
c'est ce qui occasionna Ics supplices 
dans plusieurs provinces, sans qu'il y 
cut d'edit general contreeux." (Vol. 
iii. p. 5.) There is a curious in. 
stance of this confounding of .ludaism 
with Christianity, and bntli with 
KgyptisD paganism, in the letter from 
Egypt, ascribed to Adrian, and ad- 
dressed to Servian, his brother-in- 
law. Not being able to refer to the 
original in Vopiscu?, 1 copy the words 
from Crevier's translation. — " Le pa- 
triarche memc des Juifs, lursiiu'il 
vieul en Egyptc, est force; par les uns 
d'offrir son cncens h Christ, et par les 
autres i\ S<irapis." (Hist, dcs Enip. 
Romains, iv. 393.) Whether the 
letter be genuine or not, the writer's 
ignorance is the same. That of the 
poet Rutilius is less gross, yet ho 
confounds the two religions in an ex- 
traordinary manner, when he at- 
tributes the spreading of Christianity 
to the conquest of Judea, and the con- 
veqnent dispersion of the Jewish 
people. 

Atqitc utinam nunquam Judea excisa fu- 
isirt, 

Pompeii bellis, iropcrioque Titi 1 
Latins etcisK |>eBlis contsgia serpuot, 

Victoresque «uos nntio victa prcitiit.* 

The same confusion appears in a 
celebrated passage of Suetonius, which 
has been often quoted by writers on 
the Evidences of Christianity : — " Ju- 
dieos, impulsore Chrcato. liciliett 
Christo] oasidutt tumultunntes Romk 
[Claudius] expulit." (Suet, in Clau- 
dio. c. 25.) 

2. In your Magazine for June, p. 
587. an objection is raised by J. K. to 
the common version of Matt, xxvi.til, 
as respect^ '>■•■ ~ii....i.-.r,,r.tniy word 
fellov: I I oiVot, 

••ya, "Ui -.. — -L^ .-,, -----J. xxtii. 



1. et 1 Reg. XX. 7) conletntim non- 
nunquam usurpatur dc personis, vel 
ignobilibus, vel quorum nomina igno- 
ramus, vel appi'Uarc nolunius. Sic 
ttiatn oiTor apud cxteios, scripton-s 
in coQtemtum interdum adhibctur." 
Ur. Jones, in his Greek and En^li-.ii 
Lexicon, gives //iw/W/'/ir as one ot tlic 
meanings of the wuid. Tyndale and 
Cianmcr b)th have this frloite • the 
English Geneva of 1557 hikhllialfrlltnr. 
and Dcza's Latin translation has utr.a 
term synonymous with every sense of 
nt and lii'Tot. Doddridge, too, who 
does not bind himself to the coiinnna 
version, retains the epithet. Our 
translators seem to have used it em- 
phatically, as serving, in the minds of 
the Jews, to contrast the meanness of 
Jesus' appearance with the magnitude 
of his declarations. Nor have they 
done so wiiJiout disci imination, for at 
Exod. xxxii. 1, and 1 Kings, xx. 7, 
they use the word mim as not quite so 
disiespcctful, since the former passage 
rcl.itcs to Mosos, and the latter to the 
king of Syria, though in cither case 
the language is that of complaint. Yet 
if these cases arc adduced by Schleus- 
ner as instances of contempt, much 
stronger language is justifiable in rrn- 
dcring the place in question. At 1 
Kings xxii. 27, where the prophet 
Micaiah is sent to prison (a very 
analogous passage), the contemptuous 
epithet Jelhir is used. One or the 
other our language requires, and 
our translators have obviously acted 
on a discrimiualing principle. In the 
same way they liave rendered nn»»n 
in Genesis, xii. 9> hy lliit one feUoie, 
the last word being supplied as if 
such an epithet expressed the contrast 
best. 

There is an instance of the use of 
the word/»ffcrtr, where it certainly is 
no more necessory tlian in this verse, 
in a contemporary writer, the Jesuit 
i'arsoiis. Sjteaking of the Martyr 
Marsh, be soys, " So Mm fellotv beiuj 
first but a husbandman, and then 
minister and undcr-curatc." (Thr? 
Conv. 11.422, quoted in Soiiv ' t<l 

of the Reformation, iv. ■i- •■ 

of the ItiB K 



«r I! 
feruw 



' tike to odapliiligu 
It. 'i. — GrKcia r«/'(a 



U lUI lilt 



rjjfi. 



47. " oi 
fftiatn hoiHi 



iM.n Liiri'-iuui ycr 



18430 



Zuiugliut oa the SaltMliuu cj the Hralhcn. 



rootemtuia vocant." The cxprcs»ion 
mum, "doubtless (a? J. R. observes), 
sgpknt in no re^pcctrul sen<ie," dilfern 
littlr, if it all, itom ffUote in thi« con- 
nection. Sclilcusiicr refers to Cart- 
wrigtit, and to tlic genealogical work 
entitled Juchasin ; to which may t>e 
added the Chronicles oftlnbbi Jutcph, 
recently pablishrd by the Oricntnl 
Tr«n>latiua Committee. The Jewi«|i 
chronicler speaks of Luther as a be- 
Wtvar in that man, and the whole 
pas^a^c is so remarkable, as exhibiting 
a learned Jew's opinion o( a rainuus 
period in Chri:>lian Cbutch hi?iory, 
thnt the inseition of it can hardly be 
superfluous. Such a passage will, 
perhaps, make amends to some of 
yonr reader* for the diyness of the 
previous philological argument. 

" And it came to pnsj, when the Hope 
ialins bcipin to build the j^ent high place 
which is in Rome, [St. Peter's], that he 
Milt the Franciscan friars Into all tlie 
liiittnctj nf the oocircumcised. And he 
l^ve them to bind and louse, and to dc- 
Uvrr *oiiU from perdition. And they de- 
jMirti'd and cried with a loud voice, sayingt 
' Take nlT the ear-rings of your wives and 
daiiKhters ; and it shall come to past when 
ye shall omo, thot ye shall save the 
fouls of ' Iren from perdition.' 

And it . -. after the death of 

inlias, tir .. iii< ', '!'<! I,eo sent again, and 
thry went as titfore unto the cities of 
Athkeiiax [Gcrmony] ; and they were 
Htled up. And it cauic to past, whenever 
tlie (iermsns nould speak, layin^, ' How 
could ye say this thing, and huw could the 
Pope do it ?' they an.^wcrvd tlietii proudly, 
sayinfc, ' Ye shall be cursnl if yr do nut 
believe, for there is no faith in you, ond 
ye shall be an abhorrence to all flesh.* 
And there was one Martin Lather, a monk, 
a skilAil and wise man ; and he also said 
nntn them, * Wby are ye not ashamed 
when ye let your voice be heard on hii^h, 
.... — I. fireams y And the priests 
an answer, and they be- 
iiioess after their manner. 
Aod ikry anatbematized him in the year 
pne thousand five hundred and eighteen. 
And the wrath of Martin nss kindled; 
and Martin opened his mouth, and 

preached with - ' ' ■ '■■ ' the 

rope, and a^ tbc 

abominations </' i he 

detlghted in rnAT msm, and many 
lathered lh"m»rlves unto him. And he 
\>\' iind ordinances, and 

t.V I the wise men of 

l.iiuixj. .Mill ill; would explain after 
Ida pwa heart their law, and the words of 



i5i 

Paul ; and thry went not aftertte prrrrirta 
of the Popes; and Oteir law* ar« two 
different laira uato Uiia day." (Vul. i. 
p.*!!.) 

3. J. R. b:.- J 

Cbauffepic's vi> n 

on the BulvotKin nl Uie litalbiti, Ut 
whom may be added Basnagr, Iliat. 
de I'Kglisc, vol. ii. p, M8y, where it 
is shewn that the srntim*at» »f tiic 
Swiss Hcformer are not conceived in 
greater latitude than those of aoisi at 
Uie Kaihcts) for itutance, Clcmciit 
of Alexandria, Justin Martyr, and 
Chryscistom. The subject ia oat of 
acknowledged difliculty, aod, unlcs* 
the mind withdraws frnni it. mu't be 
viewed in either the V. w 

extreme. Kromitsdi, « 

the utraunt caution iii liinguag^, And 
here tbone who have treated it diiefljr 
err. Tbc Church of Uome baa Ukea 
the very narrowest extreme io the 
Creed of I'lus IV., which is her pre- 
sent standard of belief. " Ilanc vcrum 
Cathulicoin fidem, txtra quam nemo 
talrut ewe jiotett, . , . profiteer et 
veraciter tcneo." (Sylloge Confessio- 
rum, Oxon. 1827. p. 5). Yct.accord- 
ing to Blanco White, the language of 
the Creed is departed from in English 
Catechisms, as to cases of invmcible 
iynorance, a phrase extended even to 
pagaHtand tava(/ct. (Practical Evidence, 
1st edit. pp. 50, .51.) The language 
of Zuinglius or Jarieu, (whom J. R. 
lias also candidly guarded from mis- 
representation) cannot go beyond this. 
There is a great be«uty in the term. 
Ihr uncovenanird mrrciei of God, which 
some divines make use of, when speak- 
ing of those who hold error in 
righteousness, or who have never known 
the truth. 

4 In quoting a seDtimeot of Selden'a, 
on the words scrutumini Scn'plura), 
(John V. 39.) J. R. has not observed 
that the text is strangely misunder- 
stood. Tlie words were not addressed, 
as Seldcn represents them, to diecipli'i, 
but to thtJtirt (sec verses 13 and 40), 
a general expression, but certainly im- 
plying the opponents of Jesus at least, 
Qnandoquc bonus dormitat llomcrus 
(llur. Ars I'oet. 35U.) and Selden'a 
error shows the danger of quoting 
from memory. 

When M. Constant sap, that the 
I'roteatant Church " dmra her fol- 



'tffZ 



Revelations in Dreams. — Llorente. — Mogheim. 



LAiig, 



loners to examine, but to believe as if 
they had not examined," his words 
are more specious than solid. They 
are those of an extreme liberal, not 
well alTected (I fear) to vital religion. 
If a person professes to belong to a 
community, and that community has 
its standards, he should either hold 
with them or leave it ; fur he has no 
right to remain within it and inveigh 
against it. 

With regard to the question of 
" good works," which your corres- 
pondent has introduced, though often 
professing to dislike controversy, there 
is a passage in the l^pistle to the Ephe- 
sians, which pronounces most clearly 
what they are, and what they are not. 
Thus, at chap. ii. verse 9, it is declared 
that salvation is "not of works, lest any 
man should boast," and at the next 
verse, that we are " created in Christ 
Jesus uuto good works, that we should 
walk in them." They are a test, but 
not a cause, unless a test be so called, 
in an inferior sense, which indeed 
there is great danger of overstraining. 
5. It is a matter of history that 
Luther had his dreams as well as 
Loyola i so ton liad Zuinglius, for he 
himself has related that a cogent 
theological argument was first made 
known to his mind in a dream. (See 
Basnage. vol ii. p. 1490, in answer to 
BosBuet, and Scott's Conlin. of Milner, 
vol. ii. p. 518.) John Newton is 
Bnother instance, in tlie last century, 
of minds being singularly acted upon 
by a dream ; nor is there anything un- 
reasonable in it ; for, since our facul- 
ties may be awake while the body 
sleeps, (as is evident from common 
dreams,) what is to prevent their being 
inBuenced from above, in that state, as 
well as in a waking one .' Of vitiom we 
have a memorable instance, also oc- 
jcurring in the lust century, in Colonel 
[Gardiner. De Keller, however, admits 
that willi respect to visions, " Les 
Saints peuvent s'y tromprr," referring 
to the article on Ste Catharine de 
. SieDue. (See his Table at the end of 
llrol. viii.) Here I roust observe, that 
the comparison of Luther nod Loyola 
i lit, both in the Kji/' ' ' 'al 

r and In tiie / "I 

iKuMM'. Holli Wfifor^ rcguiii IMU imiid 
of the one >■ -1 1 i|>uiral, and that of 
tic otlicr Hi visiuuuiy. This character 
5 



of Loyola's mind attracted the for- 
midable notice of the inquisition, 
circumstance which I had mean 
to point out, while unaware tha 
Ranke had adverted to it. Ue wa 
arrested at Salamanca in 1527 aa 
fanatic and an alomhrado, (as one oC 
the sect of iUumviati,) and, though h« 
recovered his liberty in less than %J 
month, he was forbidden to qualify 
mortal or venial sins, till he had stu- 
died theology for four years. His 
second successor, Borgia, was also de- 
nounced as an alombrado, and only 
saved himself from the prisons of Vat- 
ladulid by quitting Spain when he* 
learned that his trial had commenced. 
His treatise on Christian works was 
twice placed in the Index Kxpurgato- 
rius, in 1559 and in 1583. (Liu- 
rente, p. 371-3; Ranke, part i. p. 
50, Kelly's translation). The chaptt^r 
of Llorente (the 30th) is entitled, "Of 
the prosecution of several saints and 
holy persons by the Inquisition." 

The text of Llorente, as it stands ia 
the ICnglish translation of 183C, con- 
tains a blunder, tnurini generu. It 
says that Francis dc Borgia " es- 
caped from the Inquisition, but he 
had the mortification of seeing his 
work twice placed in the Index, in 
1559 and in 1583." As he died ia 
1572, this latter date must be a mis- 
print, or the sentence involves what it 
called a bull. To the last edition of 
Miss Ldgeworth's "Irish Bulls," is 
appended a list of foreign blunders, and 
the clause just quoted, if not a mere 
typographical error, may be added ta, 
the number.* 

6. The quotation of Mosheim froial 
the writings of S. Eloi, which yourcor* j 
respondent censures, and not unjustly, J 
as a partial exhibition of facts, bad I 
already been investigated by Dr.Coote, j 
in the edition of Mosheim, which he] 
superintended in 1826. "Ilis^raerof 
impartiality we readily admit ; but he 
did out, 00 this occasion, strictly at- 
tend to that duty." (Vol. ii. 160.) i 
The character of Mosheim should apaj 
pareutly exculpate him fiom tuCJ 
charge of deliberate misrcprcsentatioilc 
but on the most lenient view of the^ 
case be cannot be acquitted of failiiq 

* An Index of the daUof l&M U i 
Uanod at p. 108. 



1848.] 



Sumondi.—Charlet Btilltr. 



ISS 



ia mccxxncy. where a little more iu- 
ductry woold havo secured it. lie 
might hare mentioned the great stress 
Ui4 bf S. Eloi on externals and for- 
mtlities, nod yet hnrc allowed the 
tnor«1 requisites which occur In the 
same page. But sultstitution is a 
worse offence than snppretsion, and 
this is what the editors of the Me- 
nioits of Louis XIV. have comtnitled, 
in leaving out what he hud said in 
censure of the clergy, and in Jiistifi- 
ration of the Protestants, while other 
j,p.. .. ,n^ ,,f a contrary nature, have 
l> I in their room. Such is 

Ih'. ., nt of Rulhie're, who had 

access to the MS. (Soolt** Reforma- 
tion in France, p. 51.) 

J. R. accuses " a late Calvinist his- 
torian " (M. Si^mondi) of "resorting 
to • ditrcpulabiv artifice," stating, 
from Mr Fn!>er,* that this eminent 
w , " the htory of 

1 lith's suicide as 

if true, and yd in a garbled way, puts 
t r»ference to Muratori at the foot of 
the page, wl " nlori quotes the 
*tory. and < ^ with an in»n- 

num mmdariuiii, wmcli comment Sis- 
mondi conceals. Such is the fairness 



I observe* 
writer*." 

{tlRmnni^i 



J. R.) 



of these boasted 
Now it is possible that M. 
may have committed an 
rj ||^t as he classes Penelope 

■" i» and Andrnniachc, tlic 

•Ibtcs oI a conqueror. rHist. nf Litl. 
iii. 333, Roscoe's translation.) He 
nay hare drawn an erroneous in- 
ference in tlie act of quoting, or lie 
may have accepted Muratoti as an 
aothoiitv 



for the prevalence of the 
■lit choosing to he hound 



tr ;on of it. But the best 

• ' I Sismondi's fairncsi is to 

'" himself; for in his later 

Kiiu >iiMiui'i worlk on Italian Krpublics 
(publithed in Lardner's Cabinet Cy- 
clopedia), he passes over the supposed 
soiclde altogether, and says, that 
" Boniface died a few «■. r l^ .Mfii-v [his 
»rr«»t] of lage and 1. (p. 

107), a statement whii: iictly 

With that of Romonist hisioiinii^, for 
Inatauce, Macqucr, — " il rouurut de 
chagrin." (Ad M. 1303.j Here then 



r«lifr, nut llie nullior 
><ul liiv UifTicttlUcs vf 



pUiliUlAiU. 



lOut. Mao. Vol. XX. 



we see that Sismondi had reconsidarad 
the point, and given the mildeatverdict. 
But as J. R. has drawn attention to 
one false report, he will allow me to 
mention another. Constanline Ponce 
de Fuente, almoner and preacher to 
Charles V. of Spain, was confined in 
one of the foulest dungeons of the In- 
quisition, for nearly two years, on a 
charge of Luthcrani«m. " Constan. 
tine (says Llorente) fell sick, and died 
of a dysentery ; it was reported, when 
theo«/'/-fAi-/c'[of I ."itJO] was celebrated, 
that he had killed himself to avoid his 
punishment," (p. 2'2I ; and sec M' 
Cric, Rcf. in Spain, p. 466, for the 
particulars.) Hut thisdinappearsamid 
the variyus mmrlarilif, to borrow a 
word from your Correspondent'* vo- 
cabulary, which that tribunal practised 
on the largest possible scale, " This 
Ao/y ojfin, veiled by secrecy, unhesi- 
tatingly kept bark, falsified, concealed, 
or forged, the reports of trials, when 
compelled to open their archives to 
popes or kings. Such is the assertion 
of their secretary and historian. (Pre- 
face, p. xvii.) When we consider 
how easily innocence might he sacri- 
ficed under such a system, and how 
hopeless it rendered even a posthu- 
mous reparation of character, acknow- 
ledgment actually sufTocatet fur the 
moment, while reading or reflecting 
on it. 

The omissions of Mosheim and Sis- 
mondi may be paralleled from the 
writings of the late Mr. Charles But- 
ler. In his Book of the Roman Catho- 
lic Church he gave a translation of 
the Creed of Pope Pius IV. omitting 
the last and most important clause. 
He slopped at the words, " to hold 
and profess the same whole and en- 
tire, with God's atsistaoce, to the end 
of my life. Ameo." (CandetD inte- 
gram et inviolatam, usque ad extre- 
mum vitie spatium constantissimc. 
Deo adjuvante, retincrc et confiteri.) 
But he left out the words which pro- 
mise that the believer will procure, 
as far as in him lies, that all who arc 
under him, or of whom he has the 
charge by virtne of hi* office, (ball 
hold, teach, and preach the •aroe." 
(Atque a mcls lubditis, vel illis quo- 
rum cura ad me in muneir raeo s|iec. 
tabit, tenrri, doceri, el prsdicari, 
quantum in roe erit, caratorumque eo 
X 



1S4 



Lei!. — Varillas. — Moore. 



[Aug. 



idem N. spondeo, voveo, ac juro.) The 
■work appeared in 1825, whrri the 
EmanripatioH question was on foot ; 
and Buch n clause was a material part 
of the qae&tion, as it involved that ol' 
ascendancy, the desire of which the 
Romanists were anxious to disclaim. 
The character of Mr. Butler, as I have 
observed of Mosheim, should appa- 
rently exculpate him. One thing, 
however, is clear, that if so erudite a 
Romanist quotes imperfect documents, 
his assertions may prove to be rash in 
other respects. When DIanco White 
exposed the omission in the New 
Times newspaper of April 5, 1825, 
Mr. Butler gave no explanation of its 
origin. 

Concerning Gregorio Lcti, I may 
add, that Llorente, while he pro- 
nounces his conversations of Charles 
V. with Carranza unauthentic, says, 
" it must be confessed that his recital 
is otherwise very exact" (p. 172), 
and praises liis historical judgment, 
on the submission of Philip to Paul IV. 
in 15,'>7- "Gregorio Lcti is right in 
attributing all the evils that have since 
arisen from the excessive authority 
which the priests have arrogated over 
laymen, to this conduct of Tliilip II." 
(p. 185.) 

However, the error* and defects 
which occur in Leti have gained for 
him the appellation of the Italian 
Varillas. a name which will be best 
understood hy citing the admissions of 
De Feller respecting the latter writer, 
of whose History of Heresies Dryden 
had projected a translation. 

" 0<<i I'M't- lioniic que fi'lt ?" ••■■ •:•, 

lil lie qu'cUe iie Ir 

! I'c^t \h une dts i ^ ii 

rjicul fcuilri; Ju nombre dc faults qu'U a 

Ifkites; noun ]irp|ir<~i <l>'ti|far^.«. fnits evi- 

dcinnirnt fniix, rl, . t,.-. |I 

It (pipltpicfuis <-if. ,1 n'oDt 

'unai.-' riiilr ; m, .,.,^ qac ta 

D'^moire i<H trotn. , tit^^■^. II 

porte Jcs »iir. .rii a jiig^m 

parte <|u'oii nc lc> itoutoit 

I miJle part : rcate a savoir »'ii oe 

noit pai dc bonuc source." 

The Diclionnaite Historique (which 
bestows 111? name on Ltli id the 

way of compurison'i save. 



" L'histoire des hcrfoies fut altnqu^ 
« sa publication par Barnct et Larro<|ue, 
et son iinteur rests convaincu dr plaginC ct 
d'inexsctitudes, DJ-s-lors Varillas perdit 
In re|iutntioa presquc europecnnr qu'il 
tV-tjiit acquise par sou JfUtoire ile France, 
ct lie trouvn plus de libraire qui vouliit 
so charger dc rimpres^ion de se» ourrages.'i 

Few literary reputations liavc de- 
clined so quickly and to decidedly. 

Dc Feller, obliged as he is to cen- 
sure Varillas, apologises at every 
step for his faults, and the defective, 
ness of his eye-sight ought certainly 
to be allowed in the account ; but, 
when he speaks of Leti, his language 
is that of unmitigated censure. " Plus 
soigneux d'ccrire des fails extraordi- 
naires. que des choses vraics, il a rem- 
pli sea ouvragcs de mensonges, d'iuep- 
ties et d'inexactitudes." The anec- 
dote which he relates of Leti, a« 
saying, when asked if all in his life of 
Sixtus V. was true, — '■ Une chose 
bien imagince fait plus de plaiair que la 
verity destituec d'ornemens," — only 
shows that he classed himself among 
romance-writers, and St. Real and 
Vcrtot are no more.* But Sabatier 
allows Varillas no better character. 
" La fureur de s.icri6re I'essenticl il 
I'accessoire. Ic dcsir de bien dire, plu- 
t»lt que cclui de dire vrai, lui ont 
obtcnu Ic premier rang parmi les 
historiena infldeles." To come down 
to writers of our own time, as regards 
credibility in history, — Mr. Keightley, 
after observing that " il is impossible 
lo conceive any thing more absurd 
than the accounts given by the Irish 
historians and antiquaries of the an- 
cient policy and civilisation of their 
cfiuntiy," — adds, "Vet even Mr. 
Moore is not ashamed in repeal these 
fables." (Hist, of Kiiglan.l. i. 138, 
note.) Nor is Ihii an Lnglishnian'a 
jealousy or srcplicism, for Mr. Keight- 
ley is an Irishman. 

Vouis. !tc. CvuwBLi. 

• If sucU was the itate, why have 
Roniaiiial writers adinhUid the story of 
Sixtus V > It must have couie from anu- 
llier kourcr., for l,rt) wns u Protestant, 
and it is not on aueh authoritr that 
Romanists decry their dlgnilur!**. ' 



ISHMii Of MikioR-Usx. Thomas Dcxoas, and tmk Kxhoition to 

GtADALOLPB IN l~94. DT HcKKY J. BlIADriBLO, EsQ. 



DURING mr residence in Trioiditd 
•« a Crown Magistrate, a Mr. James 
Ross, laaster masoD of the capital of 
Port of Spain, was directing the re- 
ffloval of some loose rubbish and 
■toDct from a yaid in Edward Street, 
when the laboarers employed acci- 



dentally stamblcd oo a marble slab. 
■which, on a more minute inspection, 
turned out to he a marble urn and 
tablet, and on cleansing them from the 
particles of earth adhering thereto, 
were found to bear the following in- 
scription : 



<Xo A« JX)cmonj of 

MAJon-GENKKAL THOMAS DUNDAS, 

who, with great profcssioniU abilities, 

and with a mind generous and brsve, 

fell * fscrifice to his Zc&l and Exertion 

in Ihe serrice of his King and Country 

on the third day of June, JIDCCXCIV. 

in the forty fourth Year of bit Age. 

His Remains were interred 

in the piiucipal Bastion of FORT MATILDA, 

iu th« Uland of GUADALOUl'E, 

in the Conquest of nbirh 

he bore a most cji.<*tiugiii»hei1 fthare, 

and in nhich he Coinuiauded at his death. 

This Tablet was Erected 

by a few of his Brother Officers 

as a mark of their high Esteem 

for bis many valuable qualities 

and their regret for his Lujs. 



Vc-.Xr? 1 



It is worthy of remark that the spot 
on which this tablet, &C. were found, 

tirnr l'> a house once occupied by 
' t/ore ktffier of the name 
Two broken screws of 
brass were I'ound slicking in the holes 
of the tablet, by which it would ap- 
pear this memento had been nlrcaily 
nmrxrhrrf su'pi iidcd ; 'omc pieces of 
■Itjae or wall were al*o found adhering 
IbtKhi. 

WiUi rtforcDCc to the ncmorial 



itself, the urn wns found to be in a 
perfect state, while the tablet, It 
would appear, had a suiatl piece de- 
tached from the corners by accident, 
and one of the pilasters i« unfor- 
tunately missing. It is, howovtr, 
hoped these triHing deficiencies can bo 
without diflicullv replaced, and that 
in ttsliinony of tlie services of the gal- 
lant and lamented (jencral it will find 
a place in the i'rutestaut Cathedral of 
Trinidad or fwh»t would htTO.w^vi*k» 



The rectnt Earthquaie at Gvadaloupe. 



156 



sonant to the feeliogt of the Uunda» 
family, so memoiable in the annala of 
their country for " dceda of arms,") 
that this tributary relic to the war- 
rior be brought over to the mother 
country, and find a niche among the 
other revered memotials of our illus- 
trious dead, or near the tombs of his 
aoceatora. 

With his heroic companions lu 
arms. General Dundas (the immediate 
subject of this memoir) sailed for 
Guadaloupe* under the Commander- 

* Tlie Island of Guadaloupe has 1«t<<ly 
been the scene of ■ terrific earthquake, 
by which the whole island ha- been laid 
desolate. The loss of life lias been com- 
puted at about I0,()0<) eoula, wbile the 
property destroyed amounts in value to 
about 120 millions of francs. 

To reliere the present want* of the un- 
fortunate inhabitants, the French govern- 
ment have agreed to advance Id loilliona 
in the shape of a loon, while the nation 
baa contributed between two nnd three 
millions in the form of subscription. The 
people of the neighbouring inlands have 
also largely contributed to tho osdintsnce 
of theij- unfortunate brethren, the little 
hospitable island uf Tobago alone having 
forwarded Sunn dollars fop that purpose. 
. To attempt a description of the liorrorn 
and devastation consequent on this awful 
catastrophe would be impossible ; the 
following extracts, however, from the re- 
pott of Messrs. L'Abbr licrlin and Jobity, 
appointed to convey pccuuiuty and other 
assistance from the Island of Trinidad, 
will afford some td^a of the painful situa- 
tion of the unfortunate inhabitants, whcir 
the rich and poor are now commingled in 
one mass of mii^ery. 

"On the 17th of March, at8 o'clock a.m. 
after a passage of six days, we atrivrd in 
sight of the ruins of Point it Pitrc. {Ser tht 
Pla<f.\ It ii- impossible for us to cipiess 
to you the eniotione we felt at landing on 
its deicrted whnrfs, once la crowded, and 

inil- "■ ■• ■ ' ; iilcocc. In Tiin 

»■ iise or hat ; our 

cjL, 1 :l 1'. one vast heap 

of ruins, to which the action of fire had 
given n sombre hue, re«f»nb!ing the ve- 
' antiquity, 



[Atig. 



in chief General Sir Chailcs Grey and 
Admiral Sir John Jcrvis, all of whom 
(because he could not conquer in fair 
fight) that democratic tyrant and wor- 

oflicers of the municipal government, and 
the remainder contains the provinions and 
other articles, which are daily dimribnted 
to aU the inhabitant.s ; for many who yes* 
tcrday were possessed of large fortunes, 
and held the highest places in society, arc 
now reduced to the level of the very 
lowest, with whom they are obliged to 
appear every doy at the place of distribu- 
tion, holding out their hands, each in his 
I urn, to receive the daily allowance of 
bread, salt-lish, rice, Stc. distributed to 
them. The siglit of such misery was, in- 
deed, heartrending. After a few minutes' 
conversation Mr. (^hamby. Mayor of 
Point .'i Pitrc, whose name, immortalised 
by his generous and disinterested de. 
votedness, and that true piety which 
niaket tlie relief of human suffering its 
chief object onil care, will always remain 
connected with tliit terrible disaster, here 
introduced us to Mr. Jules Billecoq, the 
Director of the Interior, or Adjoint Go- 
vernor, who, in the name of his excellency 
the Governor, then absent, received us in 
the kindest manner. The worthy Ahht 
Dupui.*, who, since the memorable 8th of 
Peby. has never ceased adding to tlie 
y.ealoos, courageous, and charitable acts 
fur which so many heroes of humanity 
have distinguished themselves, gave us 
iiheltcr in his diln)iidateri dwelling, which 
has been from the day uf the earth<|uake 
an open house, where all are welcome, 
but more particularly those in distress. 
We met there every day the first men in 
the colony, from whom we lennipd many 
particulars of the heJtrt-rendinc scenes, of 
which their country had just been the 
evcnltiil llieatie. 

" Our Ihirtv trunks of clothes wen of 
inappreciable bentlii to those unfortunate 
people. We beheld many persons, not a 
few days ogo enjojing all the luxuries 
which t'ortnne could command, comini; to 



self 


1 • 

to 


II a. 




i: 


V 



be#: ■■'" 


• 'ling 


nrti' 


to 


the .'.;..,. . 


m. 


w< distributed ' 


ini 


confldcd to us 1 


,i..'d 


uul to Ua, and m1i" 


ictclltcd 


frpm r.xpiiAinir their n; 






-„pt 
tell 




ii>i* 




in- 




ure 




i.dU 




In 



£ntmnai of the Hafhour ef Rtnte a.FUrr 







±l'rt J-ieu/ d. ^fff 




Bruise fi¥rJ-t^.ftrt^<k. 



:f eciBAL' 



18431 



vrpedilioH to Guadalmipe Ut 1794 



TM 



Ujj- prototype of Uol>fff>icrrc, Victor 
Hugues, tuugbt to vilify witti asper- 
(.t"-- ■ •■ itn'ir fair faioe, and who 
> ' li»en tliu euliject of his 

VI.. ,ii.iBitio(is. 

At this distant period of time it 

. wrrf iiilt ami useless to enter into n 
wc characters of those who 

[||[< lie gone to the graves of 

their iinil whose bright 

wat- . > 'italiaed in the «niiaU 

of their country I bat, as there are 
parties now in existence claiming de- 
tcent and kindred with the hero of 
tho menioir, and who are nnxious to 
obtain infortualinn us to Imw and ir/ien 
this Kttid " inniiuiDciit " or inrinento 
oauld have found its way to Triniilad, 
it may not be irrelevant or uninterest- 
ing to eater into a short detail of 
rvviits antecedent and subsequent to 
hit lamented death. The 

EXPBDITION TO QVADALOCPE 

i gill. 1794. from the Bay 
1 ' .il, Martinique, under Ad- 

miiai bii John Jarvie, having the 



the journeys we made into Itin iuterior wo 
. ,u ill n. mil- places large trncks of load 
>• iiik away from the remiiinini; 

1 it fur nmuy foet ; we liclicid 

I' •<! renin imd fissures of iin. 

aiiil frmn i*ijrhl to ten Inched 

■ ... ,,f^j|,_, 

.' riirlll, 

;i ...V...,.,- ...creuii, 

)' I nliich tins tliiiit 

:i!» of tUu iiiuiin- 

- t&tiuiAtcd nt KKK) i]uarrpes or 

.iTK«. Nearly all the n-elU nnd 

iL-liOot lliii (HMiTitry hnd dried 

" iic r.rii|i, il in impusslMr that 

sv... . ii can '•• •»'-•' 1 ;,f (he 

Jiaslrrs of Pnial . :> the 

grUlvM kIi:iit oI ,, Of 

f'' ~ the iuo»t Itrlilc can* 

■ I ■ ule«. Ilif- pAii the !«*>«( 



t 



I flrr. 



'« total pa* 



CotninaDder-in-cbii'i »m UomkI ; it coa- 
tisted of 

The Boyne, The Ceres, 

The Irresistible, The Blanche, 

The Veteran, The Rose, 

The Witichelseo, The Woolwich, 

The Solebay, The Kxperiment, & 

The Quebec, The Roebuck, 

accompanied by transport* with troopa, 
llie ordnance and hospital ships, aod 
victuallers. 

The Admiral detached Captain 
Rogrrs in the Quebec frigate. Captain 
Kaulkncr in the Blanche, Captain In- 
cledon in the Ceres, and Captain Scott 
in the Rose, to attack a cluster of 
small islands culled the Saints, be- 
tween Dominique and Guadaloope, 
and which were carried in gallant 
style 00 the lOth. 

About one o'clock on the morning 
uf the nth the General landed the 1st 
and 2nd ballalion of grenadiers, and a 
company uf the 43rd, together with 
50 marines and 4<X) seamen, detached 
by the Admiral under the command of 
Captain George Grey of the Boyne. 
The French opened n severe fire upon 
them from the fort " Fleur d'Ep^c," 
and a thiee-gun battery, which latter 
was, however. clTcctually silenced by 
Lord Garlics in the VVinchclsea. who 
bravely laid his ship within kal/mntM 
ihol : the men were driven from their 
guos, and, although every shot from 
the battery hit eunic part of his ship, 
his Lordship was the only inan 
wounded. 

More troops having landed, and Sir 

Charles Grey perceiving the French in 

considerable force at the strong post 

of Fort Fleur d'lipec, he resolved on 

atlocking them immediately. The Ist 

division, commanded by U.K. H. Prince 

Kdward. cunHsled of 1st and 2nd bat- 

taliuiii of grenadiers and lOO men of 

the navul liHltulion (o attack the post 

ol Moine Mascot. The 2nd division, 

' 'lior- General Thomas 

of 1st and 2ad bat. 

iiiiMiiiiy and HN) nu-n of 

Mlion, to allack the Fort 

i.. i ., i |i<^e " in Ihi- rear, and cut 

ofT its roiiuouiiiculioii with Fort Louii 
ni ,1 T'.inii ;. Trii. riir 3td division, 
•"Cynics, ccin- 
i I'liiidiera, 
3rd battalion of light in: ' re* 

mainder of the naval ' , Vu 



KrpedilioH to Gvadaloupe in 1794. 



J58 

proceed on the road by the tea ftidc, 
and co-operate with Major-Gcneral 
Dimdas. 

In the attack the soldiers were di- 
rected not to fire, but to trust solely 
to the bayonet, while the seamen, 
commanded by Captains Nugent and 
Faulkner, were directed to use their 
pikes and swords ; which orders were 
strictly obeyed. 

The march began at 5 o'clock on 
the morning of the 12tb, and such 
was the simaltancousncss of the ma- 
noeuvres and impetuosity of the 
attack that Fort Fleur d'Epee, Hog 
Island, and Kort Louis were captured 
with the trifling loss of 54 English 
killed and wounded, while the loss of 
the French amounted to 250. 

In this attack the conduct of a brave 
seaman of the Boyne was remarkable. 
Having expressed a wish he might 
have an opportunity of lowering the 
French flag and hoisting the British, 
and being a remarkably fine fellow, he 
•was appointed to carry the union flag 
for that purpose ; accordingly it was 
wrapped in folds around him, and he 
was to defend it as w^ell as he could. 
When he approached the fort the first 
object which attracted his notice was 
the flag stafl', and, regardless of every 
danger, he rushed forward pike in 
hand, and having once got into the 
fart auay he ran to the desired spot, 
" the height of his ambition ;" be had 
already struck the tri-coloured flag, 
and was in the act of disengaging 
himself from the wrapper in order to 
hoist the British ensign iu its stead, 
when some soldier* coming suddenly 
round the corner of a building, and 
taking him for one of the enemy, in 
an instant attacked him, and he fell 
severely wounded before they dis- 
covered their mistake ; he, however, 
afterwards recovered. 

Captain Kimlkncr, whoso eminently 
distinguished himself in ttie capture of 
Fort Louis at Martinique, also had 
a narrow escape on this occasion. 
Having led his roen on to the assault 
with his asual (gallantry, he n'as en- 
countered by a French iiiTi< f i . v.linni 
he instantly »lruck at ^^ 
which fall'iiir imi llii- i 
•hould( I ib- 

nian clu the 

stronger man, Liiicw hiut to tlie 
^rouodi and irmtiog the iword fiom 



[A 



«'B- 



his hand, was in the act of plunging 
It through his body, when, fortunately, 
a seaman belonging to the Boync, 
seeing the danger his gallant leader 
was in, with his pike pinned the 
Captain's .idversary to the earth. 

On the 13lh, the 43d regiment were 
landed to garrison Fort Prince of 
Wales (lately " Fleur d'Epee") the 
tower of Point h Pitrc, (the capital of 
that part of Guadaloupc, called Grand 
Terre,) and the other fortified posts in 
the vicinity. 

On the 14lh, at twelve o'clock, the 
fleet sailed for the other side of the 
Bay, and in the afternoon landed the 
grenadiers and light infantry under 
Prince Edward, at a village called 
Petit- Bourg, where many of the prin- 
cipal people of the Island were as- 
sembled, and received H. R. H. and 
the Commander-in-Chief, with the 
greatest demonstrations of joy. A party 
of sailors from the Quebec also landed 
under the command of Captain Rogers. 

On the followiug nioining the Ge- 
neral landed at St. Mary's, where he 
found Colonel Coote with the 1st bat- 
talion of light inlantry. 

On the I8th, at daybreak, the Ge- 
neral stormed the battery of U'Anet. 
every man being either killed, wounded, 
or taken, while not one man was even 
hurt on the part of the British. 

On the night of the l"ththe enemy, 
in the town of Bu^sc Terre, tet fire to 
it, destroying much valuable property, 
and. 

At one o'clock on the morning of 
the 20tli, the Commander-in-Chief, 
at the head of his troops, advanced to 
attack a formidable chain of batteries 
on the heights of " Palmiste," extend- 
ing abuut a league, and which were 
the principal defences of the enemy. 
The grenailiei'g were commanded by 
Prince Edword; the light infantry by 
Colonel Cootc. At five in the morn- 
ing the attack commenced by the light 
infaiitiy advancing to the assault of 
the highest and luocit furrnidalilc bat- 
tery, which, though wtll .i ■ • i- i iiy 
nature and ait. was eo< m ;>> 

\ li'M In llir -iir.»ri,,i ,,.J 



thil I 

Ti 



^trpdsU' f'lrtificd 
.cc 



1S43.] Espt:extti :t (htuuL'tna'f a .'Is. 'I-^ 

to sir C-»:'.i-i Grsr. ;f;-:E :: r '^ "arf r-JUxi.i'rs u.: .in -:.ii..— ■:■» 

en ie «JT? ^ir^i -mi.:^ :iii zmi 1 ~.s-^ •...:,--■ i,:. -.-.i ^ - -r.-ac 

£n£t»d ti G::4T.'i Liiiii-ii I' 1 1 ir ▼:.;.; -^: :t-.-z ..r .- .— Tt 

Martlet :>«. kLi J. n.-. i: --. _-^:-.i. :;.».:r-i .. -^^ ■ " .- -l_ .'•-:. 
'it nrnsc- t: =jjt:. : :: ~ "-i r.:.* 7"_i.-t i :;.■ .i • - --Ui-* ■{•"■« 

boccsrs cf TU: tzti. L.::-..-;ii- la-s -.:-» =--.ci ■ -:::.■ . .:i^i 3 

til ^Iji: L: Vi-— >; tr .i" 1 u.: m:- 1-skii. ;-. :ii .--. a:. ■:;i» ;i:.:; ; Si» 

rfnts Ci li: • ■ ?i. :l .sti . ■_!•: "i- i"---!. ?-a 1.- Trij.-;.- .::si 

Ba:i.d£r :f tie r:s: :* =j.-i'i-!-i : : t 1 . ta.rnr .1* :«.:.*-• :; .-- ir-.-Ti. '. :— 

ud t.;£ j^-.if^rj-M :' 'Jn rtM-r :c \iii iLS-i*"- ■_■ n.-T IT ~ iL -au-. n^ 

both tST-tr ti ;:'■-".. iJLi: : i.: is-i-u :•- :i-.ii-.-r ss-r- is-"j-i;ai a 

TLi fz'. -,- .zz isi '^i I.-.-: .■•■.':%■ '.'•' -wi..^ :i» i.LiL^i- ■; :.:^-e-re 

pltslit.::. ii-u-i.- - w -■■-^t :■ - .utlZ. ^.r-^^sr- 

Bntiiii.- Ki.T,-Tj < J.r:-!-* tr- a.--:a;»t I'-^ilr^.- ^ .;.: .-=^ "-?=- -' " ■^ 

::■ fnit t; tic .-.or !-!r-..-;.- .c !ui:.;i- -2.' .-:-r. .•-..:. •- 

■L.rt -w-.-^-*':^:- irf i.is v-ti-L -irt 1-.- -u"' 'O ..-»-■=: : :. a:. . ...- i.ir.-Si» 

*:>!-» ^^jtr ij :i--;. "^:i u.oi.'U- r -,3..» .;■:". -"..; ..:--■" • " ■•*"•'- 



--lir ■ Vt. :. 






t.. •• . 



■■ Tit ;«-■: :i: H.-i«r-3 ; !■ ■: :•; j:u.-.- =""-"''• ---*'--* 

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;.:«r J :: :- :i_-"--: ^; - :- ':.-:-.:: •^. f ; . "..v. ;- .: :,r.\.T.- 

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u ■■■*_ li : :— ■«- . ;.!- -• u-: ■..-;.-■ ..... ... ., .' , .^ 



f t TZ '.ZL-.ti •. s.:.-;! . : " 



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• ^^_ ^ -^•- -• f-.-«i li"- • *. , - «,-».-™- V ..' *, • . _. . ... , ^ ^ » 
r:^ :f -.T n--* ^ 5.- - ..'- : - ■ -' ':: - :- ' -■ • ■'■*■■'' 
i-fi:. " -:■ :t. . 1 ;■;. i .:••■■ .- •;- 

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't. J . - ^ I i 

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tf..T .^.41;-* T-'- *■"'*■•. ..^' '■ ■.'' • * ' '• ••■* 

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Oi.t cf rx* .V. <■-!.• -.T. .: k;.:l i>u-_ i;ii ■•■■.■•■•• •. •.^.•.;---i-i ^'r'l 



160 



Hecapture of Guadahupe by tht French. 



tK. afloat and on shore, at St. Pierre 
Bad Port Royal, Martinique, (both 
which places were literally so taken,) 
as justly liable to forfeit and confisca- 
tion. 

About this period, many of the West 
India traders bad carried on an illicit 
traffic to (he French Islands before they 
were captured ; and, in consequence of 
it, had at the time of the capture im- 
mense sums still due to them. Appre- 
hending therefore the payment of the 
contribution (in lieu of contiscalion.) 
night retard or even endanger the 
discharge of their own debts, they 
joined heartily in every scheme for 
defeating this just and prior claim. 
Thfy enroKraged the Frrnrh in llieii' 
opponiliim, Ihfy minrfproufnlrd the fad t 
to Enj/h«J, tliey otteiupted to blight 
the laurels of the commanders, and 
became clamorous against the cruelly 
of plunder, and illegality and impolicy 
of confiscation, in order that they 
might enjoy th* retnard 1/ their own 
treamn.' 

While this plot was secretly carry- 
ing on. and a heavy storm brooding 
over their heads in Martinique, the 
general and the admiral were proceed- 
ing in their eipeditions, little sus- 
picious, till the despatches from 
England discovered the success with 
which the artful stories of this party 
had been attended ; and thus was the 
unparalleled good order and discipline, 
with which the army and navy had 
abstained from plundering, rewarded, f 

The capture of Uuadaluupe being 
now added to our prcviuus conquests, 
the army (originally too small) was 

Admirst Rodney used to ssjr of th»se 
pie, that '• they wrre imngglrrt in 
, tod trailort in war," an opinion 
Bfirnteil hy reprnt''.' 

+ During till- tiiii in, Msr- 

ih sent • 



[Aug. 



divided into three parts, to garrison 
the conquered places ; and by that 
dreadful scourge, the yellow fever, 
which now began its ravages, together 
with the loss sustained in the several 
actions in the campaign, not one of 
the islands, nor indeed a single post on 
each, could be called pmperly de- 
fended, in case Uie French should send 
an armament to the West Indies ; 
while if, as soon as the news of the 
capture of the first islond had reached 
t^iigland, a strong reinforcement had 
been sent out, and repeated on the 
conquest of each succeeding place ; 
the small body of the enemy (who 
made their attack on Guadaloupe. and 
stole in at the moment when the 
gallant governor General Dundas was 
breathing bis last, and where every 
post was reduced to extremity by sick- 
ness,) would with case have been re- 
pelled, and perhaps their whole party 
taken, 

Rffaiifure 0/ the l$lnnd by the Frtnek. 

On (he evening of the 3rd of June, 
the lamented governor of Guadaloupe, 
(teneral Thomas Dundas, died from 
yellow fever, after only three day*' ill- 
ness. Uy his death, the West Indian 
army suffered an irreparable loss, and 
the service one of its brigh(cst orna- 
ments ; amiable both in liis public and 
private life, biavc and generous, pos- 
sessed of that true courage which 
never exceeds the bounds ot humanity, 
lie jijsilv gained the love of (he army, 
and fell lameiiTod bv all who knew 
him.* 

On the following day, he tra» interred 

' •hrhigk- 

I'latej 

;,.. .1: wa« 

nd " a stone 

1 was (laced 

the command 



Unique, w«t tir'icizi. !. 

tummons to ibr r.mn ii| M. I'lenc, when Blundell, i4jh I 
the r"""'"''''" -.i'lr-rli'-rninp. bearing (he 



iriM military honoitv, 

eil hnttrriefofh'iirl M 

which fri"" 'I ••'' ' 

called Dui 

with a su;: ,1 

over his rcmnint," und 

of the fort dcvolvJ m> I.icMt ■Culonel 



iTt 



8«f 

a r 

St... 
qu. 

WSI 

bci.i 



•tnlttA. \bnu( 
tv** taken bv 



Illy 

by 



* In a letter to Mr. Dmida* rcotuad^ 

ll.e I' ■ ■ - ■ ■ 

Sir ■ 



' hi tiiia lli« 

tn; !f.«t one of tlirir 



fbf.' 



I M- cpf iicii til \Miy iiui 



(I I mat 



TIEW OF XBIT FTBUCmogSSL 




hatr aian af glwy : Hid «• I 

fartfe ata I 

ntt Md Foa aDd tWfcc. ^ 

aa4 Skvndut md 

tM m4 naa4 ■ 

itfel 

M tiMir «Bna«* ikyw of ockkrity, 

aod «l» ate dMr«ct»iM4 al«af> «i(k 

I irMdoM of mjh, mA 
wHh ftmntm. ia Dr. t>alf> aatn. 
I»w. W« " " 
at* or two. viudk will nWfc* 

•» ■■■a ft if writi _ 

I of Ih# portfMi<fi>> t^^^ 

Fte (pL 108) : "■■ 

" W^ g%K dl » » «■ a; hrii ht ! ^^ 

Xo raMc aaa aT ^^mi he tka 
t«r ««7 &ia(iBlWteBari^ OaM. Tct Ore <Aiif 



tivMy. rrnn Ike Uamtr k veal •• Oc 
<ihMl. tram tke dabate ca iW 
Ubi*, Ml Rtirai ta kH Wd bf 
frrflliUd witJt f uitam a i mrt afflaaac. W 
flMliral If Ih* iHt im«aMr 
■at femdaitli AcrieHacataitf^to- TW 
GuTT. Ma». Vol. XX. 




Review. — Croly's Perianal History of George IV. [Ang. 



the Unghing reply. Fox took his pencil, 
and CD the back of si letter wrote the fol- 
lowing lines, so often liacc made the 
property of wits lod lover* in distress : 

Myyir*/ is myself, in a very short word. 
My fecond's a plaything. 
And you are my third. 

IDOL. 

" Hii lints on the Rose are pretty and 
IMtbetic. 

The rose, the sweetly blooming rose, 

Ere from the tree 'tis torn, 
Is like the charm which beauty shews 

In life's exulting mom. 

Bat ih I how soon its sweets are gone, 

The rosebud withering lies ; 
So, long ere life's pnle eve comes On, 

The flower of beauty dies. 

But, since the fairest Heaven e'er made 

Soon withering we shall find, 
Be thine, sweet girl, what ne'er ehall fade. 

The beauties of the mind. 

" The well-known lines on Poverty, and 
on Mrs. Crewe, are of a higher order. 
But all these things are trifles which 
might be produced by any pen, and which 
can be given only as instances of the oc- 
casional lightness of a great and powerful 
mind. Foi's triumphs are all parlia- 
mentary. But Ilia conversMtion when he 
was ' i" the vein," is always spoken of as 
leaving us only to regret that so Utile of 
it is recoverable, One evening, at De- 
vonshire House, some remark happening 
to be made on the skill of the French in 
emblems, the duchefs playfully said, ' that 
it would be impossible to And an cmhicm 
fbr her.' Several Btten)i>t9 were mnde 
with various success. The ducliesa still 
declared herself dissatisfied. Al lengtli 
Fojc took up a cluster of grapes ond pre- 
sented it to her. with the motto, ' Je plais 
jusqu'a livrcsfiC;' bis superiority was »c. 
knowlcdged by acclamation. Burke was 
contending, in his usual authoritative 
manner, for the possibility of raising 
It*ly to her former rank, and instanced 
that several nations wliich had smik under 
the sword had risen again. Pox argued, 
that her ruin was Irretrievahlo, and that 

the very tardiness ani' '■- ""i'y ol lier 

decay made restorati 'The 

man (said he) who 1: t<onea by 

being flung from m pmijiicc may have 
been mended by his migeon, but what 
hope is there when they hare dlatotvcd 
away In the grave ? " <kc. 

Such f ordinnrr person' 

"'ould b ., hot wiirn con- 

o«ct«d witU MOM like Uiote of the 



illustrious stateeracn nRmcd, ihey com- 
raand double inlcrcst and attention. 
We shall give tsa^pftidunl to the above, 
a page or two on another man, though 
much unlike the former, of splendid 
genius and moat eccentric mind, we 
mean Erskine, and then vpe must re- 
luctantly close our quotations, but re- 
commeud the reader to a work id 
which he will find much to eoUr- 
tain and instruct him ; and w« are 
doubly sorry that we cannot extract 
the remarks which Dr. Croly has 
made on the subject of lir/orm . re- 
marks based on the most undeulable 
and the most neglected truth*, and 
which we arc grateful to Dr. Croly 
(or having brought forward and en- 
forced ; having ourselves been long 
convinced that the errors, the disap- 
pointments, the misfortuoes, the want 
of success, in the important measures 
of later days, have been owing to this, 
the main material being deficient iu 
the political edifice. Yet it was not 
unseen by an acute statesman of the 
last age. " The shopkecpcis (said 
Mr. Wyndham) are calling out for 
Keform — let them first reform them- 
selves." But to return to our biogra- 
phical memoir. 

" Erskine, like many other character* 
of pecnliar liveliness, had a morbid teui " 
bilily to the circumstances of the momeal) 
which sometimes strongly repelled his ' 
presence of mind. Any app«a(«ucr of 
neglect iu his audience, a cough, a yawn, 
a whisper, even among the miicd mtilli- 
tudei of the courts, and strong as he wa»_ 
tliere, has bctu known to dishearten hi ~ 
visibly. This trait was evim »» nolorioa 
that a solicitor, whose only ■ 
remurkably vacant face, was - 
'i--- -!■"•■ jtlanteJ opposite i" ........ by 

party, to yawn when Ihe 
■ gun. The cause of his fir»r 
failure lo ibe House, wo* not uiili' 
,-i)rioii« morfe nf Him^oocertinir an 



o( publie \trHl-U 
minister* hart, 
dustr% 
in roi 



toe Uovic with no eU|lil Itiuiuph ol his 



IMS." Rmx* •^LrwrrHMB f ffarin • ^tmat. ?*« 



■spoiiMKOiif aesr-M t miser- nrrvrr- .- — c :::s 7-:=.- - 

r^T. b: -w^si y^ tan. ;v*^ -^ ^-^ laoii rnazmtm. :a «.i_ — tts — ' ■'■ 

tw3 II Entse TT^oeeati ?:r -rri r ■- _■ r-t-ai;« wttm— Bgc ir cc *■» — ' *' 

{•»« tciuid. kit j3C« iiaaabi zti-.'-i :■»- i=rrc:=:.T:i?ar »T»i;>t iff^ »^ nca^ 

M. lad he iiriaair mxtx "a li-n "ae c-sk e i:a ■■« 

omar ics im jo* »^m"j i nf u craL- uii Z.-bc=^ x 



Baeie vai imi ^ai us. xe. tn=i i :-=«-- ^ ;.;t— s »-::i Ts»ii-'- 3»g 

iiiTiM,il II I I "■ - -"^-^ 'a« iia 2i:':irL-i:5 iohit n* o:* 7-^ ' 

thna^ 3^ pijc- <a>i tuic s vi. zu moinjii^ s:i>i< tie 

feor. Ertcae i*»s' rssi-imi ~:ni tij irnn- ir ii..jii » nox 

ciji Hi I :' ^'■•■— . iLd -:•!:'• £1.1,^7^: ■Bjonuort. ia>t i.-^car i^ES. '^IX' at 

it la-uzlec tirr^ji tie TsiiJiiidr :r u mu; :r r-aij-r — ftii rf cmiaEtr ^ 

tpKgt. iii su =*: ra far :is-:>r ■•?•: . una « i:j;cix:2iia aiHrT».^uiH. ^1- 

cid Ax^ ;^ 'u fi="». • • • • Tisst; - nr-ty ^>nr"3i •T'^bc t "-"■^'^ "^i^ 

■trt sscf wi^rz ia «'f;'-3 — t:-; H-n« ?r E:: — >-ir:i-i = i r"-.r ^-^- — **" 

RBJad 1* :f i:* iS!*- rfii:-^ ir -ae -.;■<-■'-;-• ---.a tir *~=^ « -=-.^1* rf 

bw. TfC z^^ae -wtn rirs . u :•;— jji*.- r'.r-:-.;-! — :>3 I— ir-.-3. i "*«= "■ ■» 

feit t^: i.:^ ;ik» wta arc ,t im ^^^^ ii-^-s r-<i.i i--»- mc a -pa-ire <r ca- 

l»:sr«. sji x: t.13 =u ^'-s*.? i;?e j:c »-- it" "' i-ai. " "■«- hi i. ^b ara. !■ 

sate '««- zci icii :if £3_iiau:=. lu- cxrvi •:u! fret's, zi i.£ ••TvasUin. mt 

ex«re; :^« «.;=« 7*^ 'Tr-ysiTT-. j* t-H i;r~- :-.!:i1k»=Ei1 -a w-aiisai a 

felic^ f;«:<;. isri jriM.:.- ii»-ir T-ii Eii.-:a :it -^i vTni3»?!^ 'J i luiuia 

atir Tiirt :u«-i i.5 fu=i. 3- ij r;- i_-ar la: r 3 -jrf n:S3>» rf i* . 

tir?a«st fr?s fcr^T* j^f tie _;•?"":* ii,:v:i n-a zi ttn 13 "Oi! tn uii *3* ir— it 

i";!:: 75=.i tt.: ti-t-rrrrr-i ^-r t-l;:*— . : crji— ii^t .hk :■■ ■.:* :rui=' 

— roixi. s->.-.-rT :; :-? :. •« ;:" :_. ii-n. 

;•: »:si±r ■»:.»: i-i; ":•::-.=.! .: -^: r-tir ::; -.-. u: : ri^t ti^Bi-i;' t-s :- ■;:*■ 

t'l'-T; ii *1l: ^;."^tj .: Hi .■*-■_.: "i_j 1"_ 'uz 1 J-** -' v':_.i^ ▼» *i .-^^1 ..»,! ■ : 

«^;s fjrr* 1-: •rvr--~t!5 tl,i- •-••t.i .; • . ••_ - . -7 

once !.:*• •■tz.-i'.-iii-i 111 ■- • .'■■. -!■» " ^.... ,-».i.-?; 

Li«no:ti*b:;:-5iiir:i. L-,^ -= ,»t_. "^ - '■ ' ''■■' '^^' ** -'-r-* i:v..if 

kao»a iii.: :r u-i-^r ;;' - -- — - ;7-ii ^ :'t-;i- -•. ::;■ i. :*;,•». >;.-«. 

brocfi: tie Ti: ;: -^- -ii.r i;.:-. !_=, -i^.'-i--.- --."-.-ir'- --r i.~;^j!a.: 

H« -wu ij :-■• iiz-j.-T.-..- ir 1-1 -vz. •-■'■-mf :i -.1 i-r :■.-._«■:. tu: t-ai 

hcajiitT . ■ -.i-.-i," hi i-.:; :". :;:--!.-:< i.i.r :'.r - ;i -r.i-; .- j_. j^,,^ 

amT-!-.-!. I T-J-. .: ■: ";- it:;; -. :.l_j : rl.- s^l ir-T'.i- ■: -li;j-, "?:.'.■;. 

liLS^uilJ: I'vtv^w^ ^i;.::;;^ ;;^;,://. ;* ::.i:':"Si::r^i 

miT I,. =T fu: Jf- ::r .ii_ :^ i -r ... ^..., - :.. .J ^ ^ ll I'l "T J"' 

coBBUiT.' — • .\a 11 xi: ;;-.:-; :_! «i iro .-. . . ' ~ " " — - — --' •' 

Uuw au CI U-dau.i. Tii :.-a. »vi .= T:.i.- :.-__ii-.j.i -..i.^-, vmi.-.ujm 

Mine ariTul (^ca-iia :f 1 f.i:«st Jir 1 -0 -.i* f-,--*-., -f -... 7..vri 134 •:<► v«ae 

»hoe back:*. Encse iii =f i- bici'^e J i»tr--r'^: '.7 -ii* i^r/jTrt ftr.. tti; ir>t 

to the jcrr. md ainayiei ci -i- titn. t r.ii-> ■*v.-i' -x r^rsts. >a.-i t K.-.-eaa 

otduurj ia^nmtT of »3 \zitz.'±-j'i. ■wiiei laaae: y.t » raxj-. fLvasL's. Tvncisns 

wovld hiTe utoauhe<l ui <it;-.zi:-<i pw: ■m -tets. z^aAtA ifyvz. taa^ tt* W<«<e : 

■gc*. ' How vQoM ra; lactsron.' idded aoc ksacU l13K£« tr^ ciM^si. ■"iTIiiiwt, 

he, * biTc looked npoa tiui spefiiceB of or r>e Vt R.>aK Ulsiaee, tu'^ejvskd 



IW 



Review. — Grcslev's Bernard Letlie, 



[Aug:. 



among the Untiah remaiDs; and that 
scarcely had the Romaoa tiiially departed, 
ere the kingdoms with British namef. go- 
Tcroed by princes also having British 
names, and who appealed to codes of an- 
cient Britifk laws, arose, and an energetic, 
imaginative, but unciviliird people held 
possession of the land, until a rude but 
more energetic race chased them away.'' 

P. 1$7. On the Nonnan Conquest, 
the following just observation is 
made : — 

" Whatever were the popular rights, 
whatever were the rights conceded to wo- 
men by Saxon jurisprudence, and they 
were important, the turbulence, the law- 
lessness, of this latter (leriod rendered 
them well nigh nugatory. The right of 
the strong hand was the only law recog- 
nised by the Leofrics, the .\lgars, the 
Godwins of that day, and us vainly might 
the wife and mother of kings, as the poor 
tiller of the ground, demand justice or 
seek redress from tho<e whose will was 
the whole law. Oppressive and cruel 
were the resalts of the Norman conqncst, 
that just retribution, as the Norman 
chroniclers believed it, on England for 
the cruel massacre of the peaceful Danes ; 
still, at the distance of about eight cen- 
turies, that rouquest may be viewed at a 
severe but necessary remedy. To (he 
land, after a period of fierce slni(;gle. it 
' brought rest and civilization. Its elfect 
on the condition of women we shall trace 
in the next chapter." 

P. 320. " Well nigh crushed down by 
Nomian power, Snxon energy at length 
I aroused itself after a slumber of renliirirs, 
I and MOW prepared to break the bonds 
, which a more powerful foeman had im- 
posed. A less energetic rucc would 
nave slumbered on in hopeless bondage 
even as the natives of India have slum- 
I bcrcd on through each »uccessi>e con- 
' quest ; but the spirit that aroused Hen- 
gist with his handful of men to main 
tain a pernmnrnt settlement in England, 
that compelled t'erJic year after ye^ir, and 
battle after battle, to bold on until his 
conquest over (he united British ehicriiiiiiii 
was achieved, still dwelt in the breast of 
the rude bat degraded Saxon. And thus 
Norman luiury and refinement awakened 
ISsion improvement ; Norinr.n reboLir- 

lahip arouj'"' ^ ■ •■ •■ ' "■ ' "^ 

{prowess o' 
[were rival.' 
Df scorn and in 

Senerous and i: 
aion he).! 
D|i*ncd a( 
J>OWrr, thv ,>L'tni;Mi inuguogr, c*cil Uir 



Norman name, became merged in th 
power, the language, and the 
name of England." 

The entire chapter (vii.) on the con| 
vent life is very well composed, ann 
presents a very agreeable picture of 
Ihe life which maiden meditation so 
loved to lead. The tables In the re- 
fectory seem to have been well served, 
and the figs, raisins, almonds, and ric 
which the nnns claimed during Lent 
was a very lady-like fare. And it apS 
pears that through the postern -door*^ 
while the aged females were taking 
their meridian or noon tide sleep, the 
younger nuus would occasionally glide 
to catch a glimpse of the guiles of the 
woild, and endanger the otherwise . 
unbroken tranquillity of their hearts 
Miss Lawrence says on this head,- 
"The injunction, therefore, of Dean_ 
Kentwode to the convent of St. Helen, 
Bishopgate, within the city, that' some 
sadde woman and discrete, honestc 
and wel-nnmed, for shuttyng the 
cloystcr-dorcs', should be appointed, 
was not unneedful." We shall loou 
forward with pleasure to the continual 
tion of this work. 



Btniarii LrtUt ,- or, a Tale oflitt Ltft 
Tfn Yeart. By Iter. Mr. Grcaley, 
Prfh. of Licl^fifld. 

FRO.M Mr. Gresley's writings wc 
always derive inslruction, coming 
us in a pleasing dress. He under^ 
stands the art of compositinn, and call 
impart his knowledge in a lively, dia^ 
matic form, without weakening it 
effect, or impairing the dignity of hia 
subject. As we agree generally speak* 
Ing in his vii'W!> 4« a Chnichnian, 
is hardly necessat y to say now whcthe^ 
we think he has successfully in Ihtl 
present work made evident llieii corJ 
rcctncss, and has illustrated them witb 
perspicuity and elegance. The worl( 
is supposed to be written by a clergy«( 
man, and to contain his history a» fw 
as is cunneclcd with his tpiritunl rh«ij 
rarior and duties, from the time of hit 
iiion till he is married and eo' 
I with a rectorv. During thia 

hi 

"J 
11 



R EViKW. — Gicslev's Bernard Lew 



Sacrament* — of Rcgenemt ion — of Jus- 
lifiratiun — imputed Kighteou&aess — 
frward according to works by the 
Kvangclical clergy, is considered, and 
their great and leading errors on these 
sybjects pointed out. The opinions of 
the Onfoid writers and the Tracts for 
the Times are ably and dispassionately 
defended. The case of the Dissenters, 
as regards their spiritaal situation, 
and the daty of Churchmen towards 
them, ia considered ; and other im- 
portant subjects are brought in such a 
manner under fair and open discus- 
sion, the arguments being briefly but 
ably handled, so that a sufficient know- 
ledge of tlicm will be obtnined by the 
readers of the volume, and Mr.Gresle J' 's 
opinion, with its supporting argu- 
ments, fully uoderst'iod. How the 
Evangelical clergy will meet the state- 
ments that are made in it we are cu> 
rtoas to see ; for Mr. Gre»lcy's exposi- 
tion of their doctrines, and confutatiou 
of ihem, we consider to be among the 
mo>t valuable points in the work. 
We are sure they must get a belter 
advocate than Mr. Flavell,* but wc 
doubt whether they will liod any one 
at all more successful. In making 
one or two short extracts from difFcr- 
rot parts, wc arc aware that we are 
leaving behind all the spirit, the cha- 
racter, and clearness of the composi- 
tion ; but how are we to transfer it to 
our pages ? and why should we ? The 
book is itself easily attainable, and 
sbouM be read in the entire and un- 
broken form in which it is composed. 
Now for the Pastoral Aid Society. 

P. (ii. TJie tiKlemiliit abject of the 
Pastoral .Md .Surirly ix In provide curates 
to populous pUcr) : nliilc Ibc actual 
ejitratlon in lo provide curnles of certain 
opioinna, and secure to sn iircsponsiblc 
ramaiittce of private clergymen tbe ps- 
Ironnere of nil llie most iiiiport;iut curacies 
in i' ' ' 'id tint some of 

till f these schemes 

,. ..,., ■" ■' II rulpnble 

rIHge of I ; but the 

eralityoftii i support- 

era ot the n'«tA'-in art uo Uuu)>l ijuite ia- 
aooont of an; sucli ileiign." 

P. G3, On regeneration in baptism 
a» held by Uie Evangelicals. 

• K character in the work, forcibly 
ixtmu, hat not at «U oTer-coloared. 



" We suppose that the C:barcb in her 
service speaks in the language of charityi 
and in that tentt wc way use the service 
without danger ; yet wc should willingly 
see some alterations," \c 

P. 82. To the story of the clergy- 
man who preached at the ArchdeacoD'a 
Meeting against IheTracts of the Times, 
willioiit liavini/ Tfod them, we could 
bring a similar instance within our 
own knowledge. When certain of the 
clergy talk against the Trarta of tht 
TVmej they really mean certain extractM 
and pafSOi/e> in the Cltri»lian Obterver. 

P. 13!), " The school-room lecture in- 
volves a departure from tbe spirit and, as 
I conceive, the letter of church discipline." 

P. i'86. " The EvnngeUcals assert that 
Church principles are reviving under their 
auspices. If the all but accomplished 
triumph of dissent and radicalism in 
Evaii|;eliL-sl times be a proof of llie revival 
of Church principles, the EvaugelicaU 
may be right, fur it was to this state that 
England was reduced." 

P. ^98. " Nothing shall induce me to 
retract my fixed opinion that the tract 
writers (taking their writing* as s whole) 
are the ablest and truest nmintainers 
which our Church has had for many years. 
They hove raised the tone of feeling in 
the Church aud country, and have revived 
principles and doctrines respecting the 
Church, for which I think thot even you, 
Mr. Fluvell, will acknowledge they have 
done good service.'* 

P. :tn4. " It has often been my lot to 
bear Evangelical preachers, and I never 
yet heard one of Ihem preach the doctrine 
of reward iiccording to works, very seldom 
that of the last judgment, at least as it l( 
revealed in Scripture, and as to the im- 
portant doctrine of the baptism for the 
remission of sins, and ■ the Holy Catholic 
Church,' I don't rrnirmber to have ever 
beard them allude to lliem." 

P. :i(M. "The charge of Popery and 
disaffection to the Church is the most 
unjust, I might add the most impudent, 
thing imaginable in men who are notori- 
onsly guilty of the most unaccountable 
deviations trom both the letter and spirit 
of the Church service, and approximation 
to the habit of Dissenters. What would 
be said of a clergj-man who introduced 
into his service hymns taken from the 
breviary ? aud yet the Evangelists use 
without scruple the composition* of Dis> 
senters. Wliat would be naid of t clergy- 
man who employed in hln piirinh members 
uf the Roman Catholic Communion who 
had not been formally reconciled to the 
Cburcb ? And yet Ibe Erangeliita cer< 



166 



Revibw.— Grcsley's Bernard Leslit. 



[Aog. 



aiuly Rvail tbera^elvrs, botli in (licir 
cIii)ol8 .-mil district visiting xocietice, ol 
he »»rvice« of jwraons who go nUernstely 
the Church or Ditscnting Ch«p«l ? 
i'hvC would he said of a bisho)' who 
ptood on a plttform with I'opish prici-ts 
od declared (hat he mw no grout dif- 
brence in their views, and cordiuUj iiDlted 
frith them ia the propagation of the 
ICatholic faith ? And yet we know that 
the meetings of the Uible Society are con- 
Ifinually bringing some of the heads of our 
Church into contact with Dijscnlprs, 
Will it be said that there is greater danitei' 
from contact with I'opcry, and that Home 
have gone over from high church princi- 
ples to the Romith faith ? I infer Uiat 
' Bot aomc few only, hat thousands, uay 
niUioas, have gone over from the low 
' church oml puritanical viewa to dinsenti 
All lAe t)iiite>itei» nuw in IrrlanJ, or 
, t/ieir Jalhtrt, were once Putitatu ur 
"iviuifflicaU." 

P. .<.i2. ■'The Church holds out to 

uch aa fall from their baptismal gmce 

he hope of reprntancci a boon ct^uivalent 

I that oonrcrtion which constitutes the 

tehief part of the Evangelical jcheinc. The 

IChurchman, like llieEvangelical, prenchvs 

IbiB awakening gormon>, and makes his 

■earnest appeals to those who have fallen 

from grace, acconipnuied by vivid mani- 

Veatations of (jod's lov», through Christ, 

I even the worst tinner. Tlic difference 

that whereas the Evangilical makes 

^ this the whole, or by far the most promi ■ 

nent part of his scheme, the Churchuian 

looks on it rather as a supplement, or last 

Ixosort, and builds his principal hope on 

Ithe preservation and carrying out of bap- 

Itisninl grace, according to the ccheme so 

plainly marked out in the services of the 

Church. S'.'. ,..i...,!...K, („,„) 

.esaential <1 > 

■cfaeDie am) i •'' 

Evangelical dwells almost eniiirly uu con- 
reriinn : fbr Churchman prcHciic j bop- 
/iVmo oon. and to those who 

have : lanee, \c. lo a word, it 

is to 1... h.icM . • '■ - _ '■-' ■ ■ '-■ ■ 
obscured the rl 
geocratiun, and • , 

he way of repentance, that rouititudrs 
have been bei;nilrd to their d<.»lmction. 
'^ i not so 

■cb, an 

I by WU.Ii Hi*'_v it-.m: iiiiLiiu)^iii. 

The author thcti proceed* to roca- 
ttian !C¥cra.l other dn, ■ • - which 
Ihe leaching of tllr l»* i» 



decidedly at variance with the word> 
of Scripture, or the foraiularif « of the 
Church. 

" All Evangelicals are unsound iu the I 
doctrine of baptismal regeneration, and ia J 
the doctrine uf Ihe one Catholic and Apoi-j 
tolic Church. Not onlv here and thers,] 
but all. AU confouna the doctrine ofj 
the visible Church with the Communion [ 
of Saints, and all refuse to receive in its 
true and uatural sense the doctrines of tht 
Church reipccting baptism. All more or 
lest exalt the doctrine of justitication by 
faith to the disparagement of other great 
doctrines, though some more than otbcn. 
All cry down ordinances and more or ' 
leas neglect the fasts and festivals of tha I 
Church. It is these characteristics that~t 
constitute Uie Evangelical party.'' 

'I°hc author observes that it may | 
appear to some that these accusationt j 
are penned in a spirit of harshnea*. 

" I trust not," be says, "and yet I' 
acknowledge that I feel some iodignataoii, 
I used once to respect the Evangelicals, ' 

but their popularity has spoiled! 

them, as it has done tlionsanda before 
them. They have now stood forward in I 
a new light. They are no longer contend* j 
Ing for the souls of men, but. struggling ] 
to maintain a waning popularity. Tbey j 
see grow up around them a lealoui and J 
laborious body of men , w ho have devoted j 
themselves to the restoiing the ancient 
purity and energy of the Church. Thcsa | 
men are gradually regaining an influence I 
over the public mind, to the prejudice and ( 
annoyance of the Evangelicals. Hence ( 
their rago against them. The effrontery { 
with which these mrn»'-<ii»e ihrir l>r»>thren ' 
i> marvellous. Tli' ' ' 1 

monthly magaiint - 

for' I-- , ' ■ 



among 

nnd v'l 



than <i >'>, and the Ion 

arts ••' iiship me rsll* 

ii,; -. I h.ivi: at tl'.,- 

|. I'Mch made hy «' 



i>i.tiptur(. bcsidcj, that would be enough,'' 

^c. 



r] Review. — PaptrgofRegnmll. — Winslov's Remains. 



167 



rrpurtycom- 

Rnlli, whicb, 

:;. r.ir.: hi yonii 
\ ■...',, .■ , ■ II ,lt ( 

■,--'--, ajiii 111 Mni.,li tUe 

; (niths are (rested with a coutempt 
must \me rejoiced the lieart of sa 
P laAdel. To joch o ttate of mad excitement ■ 
wrre these men brought by the spirit of 
pwtlsuuhip." 

Mr. Grealejr gives a specimeu of 
tbii »pe«ch in a note. The reverend 
»pe*J(er a«k», »pcal(ingof whai /ttfalU 
Puicyite, " U we are to hove the oil 
aod chriam, are we to have the Bpittic 
anil aalt } are we to have our cliildren 
tpif upon, and lulltii, and ;;ici//'rf "" 
Who tltii) gentleman is wc are not in 
charity informed ; and wc sincerely 
hope that his language, his temper, 
aad hit piety, are something peculiar 
tu hituaeir, toiuething quite individu- 
' aliaed, and do not extend throughout 
fhole brotherhood. 



of RrgnanU. EdiM hy Wil- 
liam de Barry. 
THKRE is no want of cleverness in 
tlxia volume, nor of poetical talent, 
bat a marvellous lack of that care and 
I Bltrntion which should labour at raak* 
I ing its productions as perfect as it can 
before it ia given to the public, for 
I their delight or instruction. We give 
I specimens, the latter might have 
1 worked op into an entertaining 
and amusing poem. 



Canst thou not stay a little longer, 

'Till fruit is sweet 'neath autumo skies ; 

Now every day our tie grow« stronger. 
And dearer still each hour that flic;. 

For iasmlne on the wall is arentlng. 

Aad crenioA sun ou peach is red ; 
Aad orchatd p'ounda thewinds respecting, 

U'ith many a breaking bough are tpieail, 

Naw daylight's (tarllng beam ia deeper. 

Now mil' urowhroirn and shadows blur. 
flay carol of the reaper, 

Tl. .ot, oould not. Bay adieu. 

In vain the year its tide* rrvoh-jiig, 
Rerivea to life its seasons dear | 

If, as it rolls. It is dixoking 
'n>o*r bond? for whic'i wr chiefly care. 

ITbttadO" ^ 

The c» ' u rose — 

Thv 



But time that fatal hour is bringing. 
Oh \ leave thine image on my heart i 

80 when the olock's cold (ungue is ringing, 
We'll say, adieu! farewell! and part. 

THS POUn GCKT1.EMAK. 

Hark 1 the town is working, 

Hammering, weaving.building, sboeing, 
He alone is shirking, 

Nothing, nothing, nothing doing. 

In his easy chair he ails 

Safe and sound by others wits. 

Why is this ? since work he can ? 
Why ? he is a gentleman. 

iiark ! all hearts arc leaping, 

Langhing, loving, drinking, eating, 

He alone is weeping, 
Nothing hoping, nothing getting. 

In his lonely room he stays, 
Void of pleasare, void of praise. 

>p\Tiy is this .' since stir he con ? 
Why .' he is a gentleman. 

Hark I the world's in riot. 

Fighting, fuming, bursting, cheating, 
He sJone seems quiet, 

Nothing fearing, nothing hating. 

In his hall he doth abide. 

Feels no avarice, lust or pride. 

\\1iy is this ? since brawl he can ? 
Why ? he is a gentleman. 



ll'inshw'K Jirmalnt, with Notft, Sfc, 
;iy Rii/lil Ret: George W. Doane. 
THIS volume will be read with deep 
interest in the subject, and feelings of 
affection and respect to the tneroory 
of him whose character it records, and 
some of whose writings it has pre- 
served. Prefixed to the remains of 
the author is a sermon by the Editor, 
in which will be found such an ac- 
count of the life and character of his 
ileccased friend, as will enchain atten- 
tion and awake emotions of the ten- 
derest kind in every reader's heart. 
This affectionate tribute by the Bishop 
n( New Jersey, to the memory of him 
whom be calls " a true Catholic 
churchman in his life and in his 
death," is followed by the sermons of 
Mr. \Vin»low, and by some poetical 
pieces. The foiraer are in our opi- 
nion correct in doctrine, speaking the 
authentic voice of the Church on tbc 
points of Chiistian belief and duty. 
The poeius are the proiluctions of an 
accomplished mind, and arc riegnnlly 
and correctly written. From these 
we mtut give odc aprcimcn. 



16$ 



Rkvibw.— Cotton's Bee Book. 



[Aug. 



I 
I 



THoroRTS ron the rirr. 
Out on the city's bum ! 
M; spirit would flee from the hauntt of 

meo ; 
To where the woodlanti and the leafy glen 
Are eloquently dumb. 

Theie dull brick waIIs which <psn 
My daily nralks, which shut me in. 
Thepc crowded streets, with their busy din, 
They tcU too much of man. 

Oh I for those dear wild flowers. 
Which in the meadows so brightly grew, 
AVhere the honey-bee aud blilhcbird flew, 

That gladdened boyhood's hours. 

Out on these chains of flesh ! 

Binding the pilgrim, who fain would roam 

To where kind nature hath made her bon\e, 
In bowers ao green and fresh- 
But is not nature here ? 

From these troubled scenes look up and 
view 

The orb of day, thro' the firmament blue. 
Pursue his bright career. 

Or where the night dews fall. 
(!o watch llic moon, with her gentle glance, 
Flitting o'er that clear expanse, 

Her own broad starlit hall. 

Mortal the Earth may mar 
And blot out iu beauties one by one, 
Bat he cannot dim the fadeless sun. 

Or quench a single star. 

And o'er the dusky town 
The greater light that rulcth the day, 
And the heavenly host in their bright 
arroy. 

Look gloriously down. 

So mid the hollow mirlh, 
The din and strife of the crowded mart, 
We may ever lift up the eye and heart , 

To scenes above the earth. 

Blest thought!, so kindly given. 
That, tho' he toils with )ii» bo.aslfd might, 
Man cannot shut from his brother's sight 

The things and thoughts nf heaven. 



My liri-Boak. By W. C. Cotton, .rf.iV. 
WITH some curtailments an>l alter- 
ations this might be made a very de- 
lightful and instructive volume. It is 
written with all the zeal of an ama- 
teur, with poetic taste and feeling, 
onJ in a tiul)- Chriitian sjiiiit, but »>■ 
the tubjcct as well as Ihe bouk have 
been very succcstfully discoursed on 
in a laic number of the Quarterly Re- 



other Bee books, bow strenuously the 
cottagers arc exhorted to study hives 
and their inmates, and ^'hat golden 
treasures are promised to their in- 
dustry. Indeed a calculation men- 
tioned in the Quarterly Review ex- 
tends to several thousand pounds 
from a certain number of hives. Now 
in the couutry in which we live there 
is no encouragement of this sort lirld 
out to the apiarian cultivator for the 
profits of his " Htmhephtrded florlc ; " 
for there is great difficulty in finding 
sale fur the honey, even at the low 
price of sixpence in the pound, and it 
13 often brought back from the markets 
and towns unsold, and used up at 
home. The wax indeed is a more 
certain commodity, and goes off at 
hotter prices. We must give a Greek 
eplgriini on the subject of bees, a fa- 
vourite liiid with the Greek poets, wc 
presume by the author, though signed 
anoiti/muuii. 

Ai' i 'Amupiot ou ^"Xai tlfai. 

'Affidoy oL* (Tf^fiai rcXrror, oCd* o/ryta 

N»tXoi/" 
'AyyAwtot opSitlioKoni'Aptov oiV ayafiai. 
Knl 8i4 TovT Sp !y<t>y' '\nMpiot ov $t\»t 

tivai, 
"Or mo> ytiiat t^Xo^€i< «f 'Kitu)t. 



-ir. 



UfUii and Pomegrauatn, No*. /.- 
Hg Robert Browning. 
OF iVlr. Browning's poetical powers 
and philui'Ophical knowledge of the 
niiud of man, we have a very high 
opinion, and on some nf the eloquent 
and powerful passages in bis former 
productions wc have been delighted to 
dwell. His Poriicelsus was a iioblf 
mnmler ; but as regards the present 
wiirk, we take it that Mr. Browning in 
poctiy, as Mr. Turner in the sister 
art of painting, being n' I 

with the exercise of his at I 

powers, writes for bis own gt.iliiu;!- 
tion and to liis own will, withoui 
much regard to the approbation or 
applause of his readers. His mind 
is full nf Imagery, and all fancies 
quaint and nubic ; a copious flow uf 
language is at his command ; he i* 
roastcf of ihe pntsions that sway Ihe 

t.ii,ii..,i 1, /■)■,? - ,...,1 tl'iic >'i.p ■ ct''!!*- of 



[to (I, 

I from our »ltit' 
tor of f...(. V 



REfrew.— Mac Neile on ^fetmeri*m. 



jj„..ii.. . i.:>,i5 ^o oidinan- mortals. Of 
h ubers we like best his first, 

Pij,,-.. .u.-L's. Tile scene lietwcen 
the vrire Oliviii and lier patamour 
SPinM iLiiiiuh wild and faulaslic, is 
«i 11 V drawn ; and to is the 

»l' n; Poor Girls who &it on 

the Slept onar the Duotno of S. Maria. 
In rhp tpronil tragedy. King Victor and 
Ki 5, we confcBS llic ability. 

hh I lie result inadequate. In 

" Tlic Rctuiu of the Druses," we did 
not feel at all interested. The dra- 
matic lyrics are very clever in parts; 
but the following is perfect as a whole, 
a; "■ nt companion to the best 

of old political ballads and 

gariunii^. 
e;lVAU>R TUNBS.— I. MARCNIKO AMNO. 
1. 
KtnH*h Sir llyng ntnod for hh King. 
Bld.liini, (1v .~riipli'-.v!."l I'ftiUamrnt swing, 
Alt ■ tiilt'Ui sloop, 

A I I nil lioiml men 

'■' ■:! «loiiK. flfly uroK strong, 

1. 1 gentlemen, singing thi» song. 

3. 
CM lot King Chariot ■ Tjm and sneh culiw. 
Tuiltc devil llitt prompts 'em tbeir lre«»on. 
uiifr pirles. 

Cjr-' • '—■ '•- 

111 i.r, not SMp, 

I "long, filty 

•curr »iioiig. 
Ort«t-lif«ne<l gentlrtnen, dinging Ihl' wing. 

Iltmjxien to lurll I »iid his obtequies knell, 
ttrtt Rudyanl.tnd Fiennes, and voung Hkrrv 

M irell, 

■agteiid, good rlieet ! Knpeil I* neat, 
Keoll^h and lo)Sli5t« keep we not here. 
(CAnrwl Mmctiing tlong, Bfty score stroogf 
Gn'At-h purled gentlemen, swinging tliU soflig. 
4, 

th-r. i-.r.f (.., King Churles' Pjrm and til» 

To • • prteksonstirh pe^llcutcirtes. 

B' 1 migtit, 

!» r the light, 

) -•■■> -.i-iU. 

• gentlemen, dnging tht« song. 
i ... ,..,..ior (Spanish) is the neit 
b«al, in uur bclirf, but we have not 
tiMRi 1o extract it. 



M. ' I«c Neile, 

nrrrV. ,/. A l.tt- 
inn. 

' c power 

en'; ' pub- 

(ic . :l a» 
UtM. Mau. Vol. XX, 



the great proportion of talent and 
science engaged in the investigation 
of its nature and properties, and in 
the endeavour to connect its unknown 
powers with those with which we are 
already acquainted. These investiga- 
tions have nssumcd a scientific cha- 
racter, and are pursued according to 
the most approved methods of philoso- 
phy ; while the natural powers which 
the art itself is able to call forth and 
command, are applied most success- 
fully to the treatment of disease, both 
as auxiliaries to the established plans 
of treatment, and as successful where 
they have failed. The art itself is still 
in its infancy, but is daily under pa- 
tient and persevering investigation, 
unfolding more and more of ita cha- 
racter and properties, exhibiting new 
and interesting phenomena, and offer- 
ing the most flattering prospects of re- 
moving disease that has resisted all other 
methods of cure, and of alleviating the 
suffering and agony that arc attendant 
on the operations of surgery. As we 
have said, the art is in its infancy ; — 
yet it has already proved its claims, both 
on the belief and the gratitude of man- 
kind. I'he stubborn and dreadful dis- 
ease of epilepsy has been removed by 
it — nervous diseases of the brain and 
the heart, of the most dangerous kind, 
have been arrested in their fatal pro- 
grcss — amputations have been per- 
formed, even of entire limbs, without the 
patient being conscious of the opera- 
tion, or in any degree affected by it — it 
has been appi ied beneficinlly in the treat- 
ment of insanity, and the tranquilliza> 
tion of the disordered mind — It is in 
the hands of men of singularly active 
minds, of habits of philosophical inves- 
tigation, and extensive acquirements — 
its evidences are fairly and openly 
Buhraittcd to the most educatea and 
enlightened part of the public — it is 
altogether separated from the lower 
and obscure provinces of quackery and 
deceit — it is the subject of the most 
rigorou* investigation both in public 
and private, in conversation, in open 
debate, in pamphlets and reviews — it 
has been adopted, nflcr examination, 
by a corifiiicrable portion rf the medi- 
cal World, »nd the ciicle of its teacher* 
and believers is steadily extending 
both at home nml abroad. Now, 
while the matter stands \\x\it, there 
fttis«s a preacher, a Mr, Mac N«ll«, 




Review.— Afwmeriiwj the Gift of God. 



lAvg. 






of Liverpool, in whose name is pab- 
' shed a sermon, called " SatanieAgencj/ 
id Mfsmerism." This we have had 
e roisrortune of reading. As far as 
e can recollect the reasoning runs in 
is manner. 1. There are fallen 
gels ; these are permitted to be 
tempters to fallen roan ; they appear 
in the shape of wizards, enchanters, 
and act through witchcraft. Such is 
the testimony of the Old Testament, 
jind of the gospel ; and, further, the 
levil still retains his ancient power 
•nd domination. Among the Arabs, 
for instance, he appears acting in the 
'* Sin of Witchcraft ; " he also appears 
In the Mystery of iniquity, the Church 
if Rome ; and he appears "with powers, 
and doing signs, and mingling lying 
wonders." We must thcrrfore be pre- 
lared to be assailed by power working 
ith men who dwell with familiar 
irits. Mesmerism is a power — is 
It real or supernatural power, or 
Vaud ? The preacher must judge by 
.earsay on this point, not caring to 
'lie a pre-sent witness himself. Grant 
that it is rral, then let the teachers of 
it give us the science in a scientific 
manner, opening to us the law, and 
stating the uniform action of the pro- 
lertics, nol confining thenuelves to ejr- 
'fimen/j in a comer, upon tei-vanl girls 
red for the jiHrjioie. Let us have the 
law of the science, if it he a science ; 
and if it be not n science then wliat is 
it } It is cither a falsehood or a su- 
pernatural thing. The supernatural 
thing is the power over the flesh of 
man's body; but who do we read of 
■a having taken possession of man's 
flesh ? — the devil. Therefore, says the 
preacher, I suspect this pretended sci- 
ence is of the devil, and this suspicion 
is strengthened and supported by Lord 
Shrewsbury's cases, becauiic they he- 
long " to the Mystery of liiii|uity," 
and also because the jihilotofihic advo- 
cates and teachers of the pseudo-sci- 
ence are covetous men, like linluain, 
and seldom go to church. Therefore 
to lay hold of them is an exploit 
worth of the devil. Lastly, the mem- 
bers of the medical piofcssion arc the 
last persons fit to ^udge of the tiuth 
f this work, if tt i« suprriitturiil, 
'hitavjit the devil cannot be found by 
the knife that divides the joiutu, or by 
he medicine which divides the pores, 
^hrrcfurc tlic preacher advises all me- 



dical men " to tah God Almighty to 
ihoip them Me sy)tri7«o/ world." To 
conclude, he soys, let no Christians 
go to such cnhibitions, for they qiay 
be of the devil in more ways than 
one. Nature acli uniformly, the devil 
rapricioiialy ; and if this art works ra- 
pririoHily, then (here is some mis- 
chievous agent at work ; besides, " no 
science can save a soul." Clasp your 
bible, and go nol after idle vanities. 
Now to, &c. Such is the discourse , 
of the Rev. Mr. Hugh Mac Neile, of ' 
Liverpool. Fortunately this piece of I 
foolery fell into the hands of a person 
styling himself a beneficed clergy- 
man, and who we believe is the Rev, . 
G. Saodhy, of Suffolk ; and who an- 
swered it in the article, the name ut 
which wc have prefixed to these ob- 
servations. It was lamcntatily neces- 
sary that some notice should be taken , 
of this absurd discourse, for not only j 
had thousands of copies been bought | 
by weak and fanatic persons, but per- 
sons had beeu absolutely deterred from 
adopting or witnessing the curative 
effects of Mesmerism, through scruples 
of conscience raised by this contempti- 
ble piece of sacred declamation. Mr. 
Sandby's pamphlet is written through- 
out in that calm and temperate man- 
ner that became a person investigating ' 
a subject of philosophy. The facts 
adduced are judiciously selected — the 
reasonings arc logically stated — thftJ 
present state of the mesmeric science^ 
is fairly represented, and Mr. Mac 
Neile's absurdities are exposed and 
his flimsy reasoning irresistibly con< 
futed. At p. 11 Mr. .Sandby bns an-| 
swercd liis demand, " ihat the latut 
of this science be statrd cleaily and inl 
a scientific manner ; " which, in other | 
words, signifies : " While you are em- 
ployed in making such eiperiments ntJ 
may hereafter eiiiible you to cumprc<| 
hend aiid unfold the laws to whichf 
they are subject, ynu must explain 
these laws (•> iite lieloie 1 btlicTc in 
vour expriiments ;" he hatt considers 
Mr. Mac Neile's »ensiblc demanilj 
" that the laws of this science should 
act uniformly," ihnt i». that a powtf 
should art Willi ^ and uoi- 

forroltv on a sub .' is " the 

aiiima[ economy n| vanon ) 

which is nciicr vnifuriu," >tj 

Ri Will rof|i; "' " . dose ci( inuu iii/^ 
%i'nna, or < 'ivc stuff, shuuJd 



Rkvcew. — Loudon's Suburban f/orliculturUl. 



n 



: anifonnly on his own bowels, or 
on those of the virtuous and venerable 
cpinfters who form his congregation. 
WotilJ not those respected praclieers 
of flrimostir medicine inform hlra, of 
tl: y'ltii of castor- oil, of the 

Ofi' -luc of the pilula compo- 

>it«, and of the disappointment they 
endured, hour after hour, while eagerly 
waiting the expected operation of the 
colocyolhine aperients; but Mr. Sand- 
by's remarks on this head, which 
coromence at p. 12, are so just, :o 
fall, and so decisive, that they require 
no mssistance from any other hand. 

" The nature of tleclneili/ (be says) is 
not (0 prrfeclly known that a law could 
b« laid down, by gener&l reasoning, so es 
to forctdl of a certainty the manner in 
vhich electrified bodies would act in any 
porltion in which they might be respect- 
(vtly placed. Do wc therefore say that 
there i» no uniformity? or, as Mr. Mac 
Ncile might say, that there is no elec- 
tricity, or, rather, that the whole is deter- 
mined by the accidental caprices of Satan ? 
No I we answer that the distance of the 
pohlivt and ntgalire bodic* Ining known, 
and no disagreement arising from other 
or accidental causes, their uniformity of 
action is certain; but we add, that, as 
phlloaopbers could not determine a just 
tlicury of all this from the physical prin- 
ciples of electricity, it was necessary to 
proceed by observation, and comparison 
of phenomena, before the law of variu- 
tiou could be established ; and so it is 
animal magnetism, it will be by ob- 
ation, by induction of various and nu- 

_ ous particulars, as exhibited in indi- 
ridiuUs of various constitutions and habits, 
that any approach to a consistent theory 
of action can be established. All tbii 
will n'<iuire much time and many and 
tedious experiments, &c." 

Mr. Saodby lastly brings forward a 
positive case of cure in his own family 
by Mesmerism, after all the ordinary 
appliaiices of medicine had failed, and 
hope itself was all but gone ; ood in 
this case, instead of seeing any marks 
oC " diabolical capriciousness,'' it 
acted " by a gradual, steady, and pro- 
gressive improvement, attended by cir- 
camatsncrs of iclief which no lan- 
guage can express." To this we 
should add that Mr. Mac Neile's ar- 
gument of capriciousness appears to 
U» to be altogether wrong. When mcdi- 
ciru led to the removal of dis- 

ca, -lum act with uoiformity. 



nay, they require constantly to be mo- 
dified, mixed, or changed ; but all this 
time the disease may be steadily dimi- 
nishing, and symptoms of health more 
and more appearing. The end may be 
obtained, though by a perpetual change 
and variety in the means; so the cores 
performed by Mesmerism may be cer- 
tain, though the effects of mesmeric 
application may vary in power from 
day to day, according to the bodily 
constitution of the patient, or of the 
operator — according to the state of 
the mental faculties at the time, and 
of the nervous system — according to 
the dry or moist nature of the weather, 
and so on ; but, if the purpose or end 
in view is generally obtained, then 
the uncertainty of the mean8|(miscalled 
capricioutneM) is not to be regarded, 
being a defect which necessarily be- 
longs to the application of all art that, 
like medicine, is founded on experi- 
ment and observation. We now con- 
sider Mr. Mac Neile's claim to the 
attention of the public to be altogether 
destroyed. He may go on in his owo 
chapel alarming his congregation, 
whenever a mesmeric physician arrives 
in Liverpool, by crying out from the 
pulpit, 

' By the pricking of my thumbs 
Something wicked this way comes ;' 

but the sensible portion of mankind 
will look for something better than vi- 
tuperation, declamation, illogical rea- 
soning, and interpretations of scripture 
misunderstood and misapplied. 



The Suburban HorticnllHritl ; or, an 
Attempt to leach the Science of the 
Kitchen, Fruit, and Forciny Garden. 
By S. C. Loudon, ji/i. 732. 
WE have read this volume with 
rare, and pronounce it to be executed 
in such a manner as does credit to the 
writer's knowledge and industry, and 
we are sure it will be of the greatest 
utility to all who, possessing gardens, 
have them cultivated under their own 
management and inspection. The noble 
and the rich have it in their power to 
engage gardeners of great skill and good 
education who relieve them of all 
trouble but that of eating the fruiu 
and inhaling the odours of the flowers ; 
but the person of small fortune, pos- 
sessing alike with the rich man a love 
of nature and of cuUiYBttoo, yet oot 



'172 



Retievt, — Lniidoii an Laying out Cfmtlerits. 



[Aug. 



being able, on accuunt of (lie cipenev, 
to place liis land in the lianils of a 
scientific gardener, he must cither cul- 
tivate it according to hi»own roofinvd 
knowledge, or entrust it to the liand« 
of those who are little better than 
labourers of the field, and under whom) 
DO success could be obtained. Tu 
give, therefore, instruction to the 
ignorant in a commodious form and 
intelligible language, has been the in- 
tention of the author of this volume ; 
and we certainly c.innot point out any 
part of his subject which is not treated 
with the fullness it requires, and the 
correctness that proceeds from a long 
and intimate acquaintance with every 
branch of horticulture. To the country 
clergyman and to the retired tradesman 
this volume is peculiarly adapted, and 
ivith this book on their table they will 
be able so to direct the operations of a 
common labouring gardener, as to cul- 
tivate their grounds with satisfaction 
and success. The work is divided 
into different parts and sections, each 
embracing a portion of the general 
subject. The plants thenuclves are 
named and classified. The soils, 
manure, and atmosphere, suited to 
their growth and maintenance arc 
enumerated, as welt as the diseases and 
accidents to which they are liable, and 
the insects and animals that infest 
and injure them. The proper imple- 
ments, utensils, and structures of hor- 
ticulture are mentioned, and the best 
mode of construction is pointed out. 
Thusbyatlentionto these points, which 
no inexperienced person could be able 
of himself to effect, many mistakes will 
be avoided, disappointment obviated, 
and money will not be uselessly epent. 
The different methods of piupagation 
by seed, cuttings, layers, budding, and 
I grafting, are given in the succeeding 
^ parts ; the proper mode of cropping, 
vitli the whole rotation of crops, in 
'detailed; the rullurc of fruiti^ under 
I glass as well as in the open burden, 
^with the different methods of forcing, 
and copious catalogues of the proper 
fruits and culinary vegetables which 
arr to be prcfcrrfd. ft i« irtrnded to 
I follow up till* Ti 

i Ilortirulturr" •■ 

ban FloricultuiL," lluis LcuupliUng 

the whole cycle of information on that 

^(ubjcct; in the meantime an excellent 

|»llb>tittttc for tli« latt<r will be fvtind 



in Mrs. London's Companion to the 
Ladiet' I'lowci tiarden. In conclusion 
wc may observe that all the latest dis- 
coveries ill agricultural chemistry have 
been applied in this work to the sub- 
ject of gardening, and the introduction 
of all the newest fruits and vegetables 
noticed. Satisfied of the utility of the 
present volume we now look forward 
to the next with eager expectation, as 
Pomona and Flora ought always to be 
companions, and fruits and Bowers 
should lend a charm and lustre to each 
other, as Van Huysum and all great 
flower painters afford us the example 
in their works. 



On the Laying out, Plantiny. and Ma- 
naging Cemeterifi, Ifc. By J. C. 
Loudon. 

THIS very useful and well-written 
treatise may be considered as being 
divided under two heads, — the useful, 
the ornamental. The former showing 
the best means of preventing the evil 
consequences that arise from the com- 
mon methods of burial, in the over- 
ciowded state of churchyards and 
cemeteries, the want of attention to 
ilrainagc, and other causes which en- 
danger the health and safety of the 
living ; the second, which comes under 
the province of landscape gardening, 
affording information for the ornament 
and decoration of large public burial 
grounds and churchyards, agreeably 
to good taste and to the preservation 
(if the prupcr and peculiar character 
of the places. On both these points 
Mr. Loudon has given much valuable 
instruction, and such as we trust will 
awaken the public attention; for, 
though certainly much has been done 
in discouraging interments in churches 
and recommending the (election ufbu« 
rial grounds away from ihe hraria 
crowded cilie<>, iinil in the suburbao 
|ji,.,i,,,i, , ,,.t„l,l.. I,, I i)is iiiirpoie, yet it 
H'clsarcat«| 
I- ,nitecttha. 

health of the po n the 

sepulture of the >' e re- 

siding near the cemctcrieM, much slilj 
remains to be amended ; a«, for in- 
stance, the practice of lea^ , 
in open vaults, merely <; u , 
cell with ironwork (p. iii.) iicU ui la^^ 
terring a number of buiJie« in tb 
»amc gia»« ■ ' " .1 ' 
depth of eef tf , 



Isnatar part •( tk« gvw af *Ma«» 
liilKiQ. la iWm hmi t 
m Mr. Loadoa ki 

E«rta>Tia«h 
Ital tkat a tkan 
1 MfBind : ami k« aMa. - C 
Itatoi pUc«. it s aot <dnll 
' '^^ atanaawili 

lu te vholanac pteCM af 

: fapeciaUf Mck ta wv •■ k^ 

ad, aa an tamaAiirf mtk k^ 

r«tfl* aad tkkk Wsi af fhitKiw. 

' vkidi odirft tka acUaa af db «a4 

aa tW iataioc aaiCaca.*' TW t*- 

fanHtMB wkack Mr. L—fa a la ca * 

■o^ ia <B M»l aa all laAaa AcyaMfM 

Mi laiilti Ui<iia«j 

ciwrt. airi la kna a 

I ef aa feat af tarth over evor 

a. uimi mi wUh a y iiilii t ia f 

aad bow rvrtj teaiacfc af iW la^rt » 
v( akaU aM ikat (ka ate 
«a M WWw*; I.IW 
. «. 3. The Ivyiag aart. 
M ^laatiag witiiim 1- 
igaad BSB^caast affiUo. 
: ia»ovalJoaa i imi ill il ictatiia 
tlu teiactiaa at gpaoad. asrfe of 
atriuiia iBg fallen^ kc. 3. Oiaaca 
for a c a * «iM> of ■ed«ralc ext«*t. ca> 
tapHM is MM a«« baas (armed ax 
Cuibridlci. 6. Detiea fcr a ditto 
«B Uly graoai. 7. The [ a i na i (talc 
«f the Laodoa onaetcriea. eaneUerad 
cfcieij ■( fanctcry garkaa. 6. 
Camatrf chBtdtfardt, their pfcacst 
I aatl «eaaa of iaprvt««cat. 9. 
T tnta, akraU. aarf bcHiacc««s 
aduiied foe eeaMtetica. His 
- at t\iH tad perfect a* 
Ac t>e uurdf, aad oocapiei 

pafn; the tuggeaXHtm* 
itty jwiicioiu, and de- 
Dil Um i»;i( ntioa gf those to wfaom 
thr dc»irn>ef aad pUaiia« reiactcncs 
The ttmfitsy at Kcaaal 
' crtAt klitraiioo aad 
ciTfturn: .t<t Then 

I Wm lii igrariogt io 

. ui poiat ottt 
if the Soaih 
u^.^.j as it Boar 
raeceedlog oor. ia 
UKgeUfd the 
racur rf tlie 
laUd to de- 




J &<K«^ ^ P^mt <dteOT ia CI 



aM ar the 
^— — a I . facsa a < 
hical h iaC aai aa wnthy af 
aad ta ootMataiwwd thai 
a tUMat a^ ddigeM 
thai, siaoRly M vc i' 
rverr dirvctMei aa eaarr id anaaaH 
the topnpapfcj aad puticalar hktac^ 
at an coaabr, «c rcccnc wiifc pa- 
caliar tartrfartiaa thb eaidcaee of 
*o«ae ialeies: beiaf tahca ia 
natter* ia this toa h»a 
fieM.« ^ 



aod the 

Mr. Lpu.lnn K 
tUMlt «• 

iM)aitc< 



cidedly proTc the good ta^te aad good 
•tOM Uiat he has hrovght lo tbe rah- 



' Ve&adlhtMlaawriaaKaliMai 
-i-i" ia Mr. Wd-Wr?;^-' 
teJoaK : " FotawH} diKVRnr. (i 
taaa^MK Ltacab) woe naxitd ia uq 
TInaaiiaaii «f ib» Aanknariaa SocaKr : 
Wilia a itMHWMelKt that. faraLI 
*v4i if fcfty yean, aot oae eaawMfaa. 
(MB has heea made fnm Liaeoh af aa* 
ofteiasBsunUe otiMa sf loal «^ 
•piity wkich twrc ben dheorttfd, aad 
luTc thaott imaruU; b«« dHteoMd, 
darring that period." Wa ■■; add. ho«. 
e«tr, that Oe Gaatleaaa'a Muaxia* bi 
tM been to ttiMtj dtMni ia — 




Revibw. — Daili/ Service, with Plain-Twic. 



[Aug. 



1^ 



The papers contained in this first 
publication of the Society, are seven, 
namely. — 

1. An opening Address, by E. J. 
WillsoD, F.S.A. 

2. The Geology of Lincoln ; by the 
late Mr. William Bedford. 

3. The Malnndry Hospital for 
Lepers ; by W. D. Cookson, M.D. 

4. Leprosy of the Middle Ages ; by 
the same. 

5. Temple Bruer, and its Knights ; 
by the Rev. George Oliver, D.U. 

6. The advantage of recording the 
discovery of Local Antiquities ; by W. 
A. Nicholson, F.R.I. A. 

7. Tattcrshall Castle; by the same. 

The most elaborate and original pa- 
pers appear to be those by Or. Cook- 
Eon. and they will be found generally 
interesting in illustration of a subject 
which attaches itself to innumerable 
other sites throughout the country. 

Of the ruins at Temple Bruer, 
■where was one of the Round Churches, 
B plan is given : the roof of the church 
was supported upon eight columns, as 
at Cambridge (see the plan accompa- 
nying Mr. Essex's paper on Round 
Churches, in the Arch«ologia, vol. vl. 
p. 173.) 

Four plates accompany Dr. Oliver's 
account of Tattcrshall Castle. We 
cannot •oy, however, that we think 
the engraving?, on the whole, particu- 
larly attractive ; and, without in any 
degree suggesting the sacrifice of uti- 
lity to decoration in this particular, we 
shall be glad to find improvement in 
the Society's next work. 



The Order of Daily Sfrricp, the Li- 
tany, and Cinlfr of the /iJminiMlration 
t(f thf Holy CnmmuniOH, icilh Plain- 
tune, urcordinif to the uac of the 
Vniled Church of Enffland and Ire- 
bm<l. im, Ato. 

TTHIS 18 one of the roost splendid 
and at the same lime must original 
■works of its kind which has Issued 
from the press for a lon^ period. In 
design and extculion it u equally cr 



Ing sucli 

' liriilnrlv 



i.iy refer (!»i- 
vicw 'if the 



cellent ; indeed as a specimen of typo- 
graphy it may be said to be almost 
unrivalled. It is printed throughout 
in red and black ; all the capitals and 
first letters are in red, and the masical 
lines as well ; the form of the capital 
letters also is very ornamental. Each 
page is surrounded by a wood-cut 
border of very elegant design, printed in 
black, the effect of which is at once 
striking, and, from the contrast which 
it presents, very pleasing to the eye. 

The volume Contains the whole mu- 
sical service in plaiii-taoc, as gene- 
rally used in the<lifferent cathedrals at 
the present time, and in addition some 
other p.irts of the musical notation, 
which, although not all generally 
adopted, arc nevertheless intrrcsling 
in an antiquarian point of view. This 
musical service is taken from two 
works, (with the necessary alterations 
in order to adapt it to our present 
ritual,) the fir6t of which appeared in 
1544. under the authority of Henry 
Vin. entitled, " An Kxhortacioii unto 
I'laier thought mete by the Kynges 
Majestic and his Clergie to be read. 
Also a Litanr with Suffrages, to be 
snyd or siliig.'T. Derlhelet, 1544." To 
this l,ilany the musical service pub- 
lished in the present volume, and 
which is still Used in our cathedrals, 
was set. The second of these works 
was published in 1550, shortly after 
the issue of the first service-book of 
Edward VI. containing a manual of 
plain-tune for the performance of 
matins, even-song, the office of the 
Holy Communion, and the Burial of 
the Dead, compiled by John Mar- 
bcchc, for the use of the chapel roynl, 
ond entitled, " The Book of Coaimnn 
I'raier noted." 

The preface to the present work is 
drawn up by the editor, Mr. William 
Dvcc, in a very ingenious manner, .md 
displays much research and informa- 
tion. Mr. Dyce has givtn a very good 
.. ' ' lilt of what is called 

I !i will be more intel- 

|ili .tjyr, iO those of ' ' - 

lie not learned in ri' \ 

.... name of chanting, i ...i. 
appears tii he of four kinda : n 

ti>( nil' fif I III cnril itic rfintilifi.. ftfii 



lliuut la tli9>C (<ii Jan. 18iO aud Uct. 



Jfitcrtlutan Bnitwt. 



f prapriatrd to pirticnUr porta of Ac 

, Mrrior. There is, io fact. c»e tftota 

of plaia-Mog for tech part* of the 

llS^es as arc read. aaMacr for iboM 

tliat are duiolni a:i>!n)i»n.inr. • Uiird 

tat aathf « t.M aas •■ 

cnac, Micfa -i' Lttum," 

' Gloria in exci'l<i>, " &r. aniia foarth 

Tor mclricat hymai. The first two 

lliDtli may be tfrnicd chants oriotooa- 

Imn*, in which there i?. more or less, 

a pr- bordto; the 

latte. .4 melodiea. 

The fouiur dJiej i:j::i one aaotber. 

ai well in the soanii) vrtifilo;. ed as io 

iraoaer of their u^e — ihe ds« of tbe 

a*e bring mainly tt.';;i>late<i bj tbe 

punctuation and il>e Mnsc of tbe 

I ; Iliat of the other, by tbe arti- 

diTJsion of the p>B!ms into 

aod balf-vrraes. Of the ooe 

lof iolonalion tlurn nrr five prin- 

Itort*; of the ■ — or, if 

iliants for litii nclaijed 

the seconil head, seveml more. 

;kird and fourth sfiecies of plain- 

ang are characterised by the want of 

Ithe continually recurring endings pe- 

tulior to the intuuatrd manner ofrcad- 

fng and chanting ; bcin^. In fact, airs 

or racIo<lies that follow the coarse of 

the words, whether in prose or vet»e. 

Mil whicli are accordingly tung to 

Itose words only. Sonic of thes« m;- 

'lodles arc of great antiquity, a* fur cx- 

amplr, that of the Tc Dcum, attributed 



to St. Aabrose airf AagwtiM; I 
kaa be«« tke cwtoM of tke Ck»reh I 
aOoar wmpnwiB of rwtrj 
age to aieiciae ikeir akSi ia tba part* 
of Wr oOcca to whkk &cat tm 
kiads of plaia-aoag an apptopriailad { 
aod litis liccaar. Mr. Dy^ OMcrrca, 
mast be Boderstaod to apeljr to tbe 
rarlodtrs in tke ptcaeat woA. 

Wc aadcntaBd the Psalter, wkic 
will coBiplete this aDiquework.isi 
ready for publicatioa. ^Yitb this 
to be girea (.together with an cxpli 
tory pfeface) an appendix, oooip 
tbe (iorial service, as notetl bjr J« 
Marbecbe, together with the Bencdia 
tas, aod other portions of 
music cootaioed in his book, 
work will thus comprise all the musk 
of Marbeclie's publication (which was^ 
adapted to tbe tir«t Prayer Book of 
PIdward VI.) and will likewise be a 
campkte edition of our prescntChurch 
service. 

\Yc cannot conclude without ex- 
pn-ssing our earnest hope that the 
spirited aod eutcrprising publisher, 
who has done so lauch for sacred 
literature, will mett witli such a 
reward for his exertions in brinijing 
out the present work, as may stimulate, 
liim to produce other publication* dit. 
tinguiihed by equal corrrctues* nn<t| 
elegance of design, and admirablt 
ciecutiou. 



Immanurii or, God wit A us. A sfiirt 

' LrrlnrtM on the Uifinity and Huiiianili/ 

our L'lTil. Bi/ R. lJiiii;li.'iin, M.A. 

tvrale of 'lYtnity CInirrh, (J:ix)iort. 8ra. 

,j( '111 — 'I'"'- ^..I,.:ll,■, as ita ijilc 

\ of BuIijrcU, 

Tbi , ilium to sucb 

in* BO lidvc iiut tiiiii: ur ini'iiiis for on 

Bsivr cournp. TUe C|Uottitiiuu which 



, it is useful, :iii(I ill h ciitinil 

btable. The to)>ic on which 

est diversity of opinioa will be 

iatuon^ it"* rri*Irr«. l< the descent 

liich in- 

. W« 

If •'••'■' 



the attention of studcutn lu grnrrfll ; wIihq ] 
spcnkiiig of lil.'< ntiiiirroim otlmr m'lMipita 
tiouf, tlic fiiilltor iiuyM, " 1 liitvc rfTecli^dl 
iiiy [iin'poMu, I tt-uor, tintlrr ttir Ofviiial 
bl<-ssiiig, by nr»»f lirin^ idlr, liy iiisliiiigl 
use nniir shreds nf limn niiil tlii' piiaalnf I 
nf hour*, which were rhiplly devolrd tof 
rrgulnr niiil ■liiird nTofitioni. I'erhnpt] 
the nmre nc liovc tu du the mnrr wii art' 
nbic tu ocruinplliih, iinrl tliDun who linva 
but little tihii\ know best how to vslug 
mid rcJpcui It." (p. V.) 



worth 



( oVrctimea Jntlqua. No. I. RIthlnfl 

of AiicirnI limiaint. illuttratirr i{f Mfi 
jfaiili, I'uttnmt, «nil Hitlory nf /'(/«^l 

-■/yci. fly ( ; 'i Sinitli, /""..V /f, j 

tint lit Ihe ,S' the SumUmnUt ] 

^ '• ' ' ■ ' •''■", luciUlUt I 

U, ill Ilia) 

^I'T! .1, 4,1 

iiriiti7r liUiilir, dii:. nnil puttnry, found L 
lit Ktoples, Tiu il« CaUis. I'our nf tbrl 



ire 



Fine Art». 



[Aug, 



pots arc inscribed, one with Avr, Haill 
another witli iube, Drink 1 the third 
with IMI'LK, Kill! sud the fourth nppn. 
IrentI; with vivas, Your good heiilth I 
Plates T< and 6 are British and RornHti 
coins found io Kent; ', Gold British or 
GkuUc coins found at Bognur nnd Alfrir- 
ton in Sussex ; and 8. a Gallo-Roman 
votive altnr, now the baptismal font in 
the church of Halingbi'n, Pas de Culais. 
The inscription on this cxlraordlnar; re- 
lic is, 

cinro invi 

TICVS 
D0LVCKN8 

rvvirALts 

PRISC. 

which \it» been rarioasl^ interpreted by 



different French tntiquiries. The word 
F.iDEo is apparently the name of a local 
deity associated with Jupiter, and it i<< 
remarkable that three altars have been 
found dedicated to Jupiter Dolichenus, 
which name has some apparent connection 
with the word dolvckn!'. As, however, 
we are unable to elucidate the matter, we 
will refer the curious antiquary to Mr. 
Smith's own description, in which he haa 
discussed at length this subject, as well 
as those of his other plates. The having 
been at the pains to make theae etchings 
with his own hands, is characteristic of 
his usual eeal and perseverance, and the 
antiquarian world may well wi«h that they 
poueaaed more members equally active 
with Mr. Roach Smith. 



FINE ARTS. 



I 



THR COMPETITION CARTOONS. 

The Cartoons prepared in pursuance of 
the directions of the Commissioners of 
Fine Arts arc now exhibited In public 
view in Westminster Hall, huving been 
visited on the 20th June by hir Majesty, 
accompanied by Prince Albert, the King 
and Qneen of the Helglaui,, (tc. The 
judges were the Martiuess of Lansdowne, 
Sir R. Peel, -Mr. S. lingers, Mr. R. 
Wejitmacott, Mr. R. Cook, and Mr. W. 
Etty : and their award is ai> follows. It 
will be scon that, although several acade- 
micians have competed, none arc included 
among the forlunale competltoi-«. The 
undermentioucd elnsses constitute the 
only gradations of merit npon which the 
judges have been called uitnn tn de- 
termine : 

Priitt of Thret Ilitudretl Prjiini*. 

Caesar's First Invasion of Rritaiu. Mr. 
E. Armitage, George-street, Adelphi. and 
Prestbnry Mansion, Chclteohiini. 

Ci 1 . . ^ J, tiirough the 

strii i;. T. Wntu. 

Rol" io«d. 

1 C. W.Ciipe. 

Hjiv "Rton gorr. 

Prittt of 2Vo Hundred Pvundt. 

«;. k ,:.... ,.,...,. i, I.,., fr, Io.. il.rit 

Jol 



Prltei of One Hundred Ponndi. 

Una alarmed by the Fairies and Satyn. 
Mr. W. E. Frost. Poland-street. 

.loseph of Arimathea converting the 
Britons. Mr. E. T. Parris, Grahon* 
street 

Moadicca haranguing the Iceni. Mr- 
U. C. .Selous, Camden street North. 

Alficd tubmiitini; hie Code of Laws 
for the approval of (he Wilan. Mr. J. 
Bridges. Cbarles-stnrt, BerncrB-street. 

Eleanor ^ave$ the life of her husband, 
afterwards Edwnrd 1., by sucking the 
poixon from the woand in his arm. Mr. 
J. Sevrrn, '.'I , Janies-i^treet, Buckingham- 
gate. 

The f'ommiaaioaer* have aubsequeoUy 
aeleiled the ten following snhjeels «» en- 
titled to 11 rewnrd "f inn/ larh 

Itnn romi. f 

Gloriana : i 

H-'-- 



I 



Fatrj- Qnerne. 



Mr. 



I'be Seven 

(hr Rrd Cm: 



Ads of Mrr<-T. I.'na and 

!• Knight led hy Mercy to 

lie Seven Vlrtoes. Mr. 

■. King Lear. Mr. P. R. 



I liaphael ditctmrtlnF w((b 
'Ion's IVaditrLo't. ?irW. 



pita- 



Canlinat Hoiiehl».r tirciiic Hir llowl^{el• 



111): Paaslnna. 





tt TWae*lartibr«MKar««k*TaT 




SrHHar*.— At k ate. ki 
CloMMli. ■> Aaanaa. by 
'-•■mlig^ LarJ C— iw. w «M far 
(to giJBMi A (Tfcipit B ia lj . br 
Gob, br I3S rn>e«^ Ab^af?Wfe> 
!■■, W ChaBlR;. 81 gvaat. BMt tf 
Bonie TmIu. k; Ike IMC 30 laiMW. 

IWNeipafilaa icslator, Penieo. hM 
j«t ecNBiaUtod a wile pa^. tkr a- 
(Otiaa of slack wai itmiil to hia Vf 
Ae Cc^ret* oT the Viitcd 




LITERARY AXD SCIENTIFIC IXTELLIGENCB. 
jtsv rvBUCATiox*. Witb Kotei. Bf Kaivsr Da' 

k>Writk«ial 



I irntorr. nmriililliJ tnm Kai- 
ii>i vM N«tai o^ Extracta fraai Xa- 
tea Aatharx. Br Mabt SaomasB*. 
S«ab. Ita». IS*. 

TW iUrton of Etnria. Fut I. : Tmt- 
dnu Md bb Tfawm, tarn tbe 
•f Tn«|aaii to tlie Foaateaoa af 
Bt Mis. II amiliox Grat. Cnnn 8*0. 
I». 



Dath^H 



Widi Xato. Bf 
F.&A. evo. Ul 
MfBifi (T tte 
«i(b Bxtncafnia 

T>»i i l b ii ia the GMa P^s (Wee. 
aerarfccfocrfilibrtil. ByitMorSKini, 
£•«. Rrinta Secrctiiy to Ike Miiibil 

McBoir toi tk> NotA Btokn ffi ml 
•ly, ia owiffri aa vith Mr. i.y'. Ma. 
By the HoL Albsxt Gallacxs. IX.D. 

2!S*,V~' """*** HutoiTofeMtonuVaaa. BtJ Yost 

etadinc Stnei. < *ul*. hvo. i4j«^ 



Polea (Tbri ia the K ipa l t c i iUi Cen. 

tBTl •of aSketctt 

«<theP. vr (Uk- 

»»■"■" ... ..ioU, !kc. 

' .:'it«enth Century. Bj 

F- ' Xniiui.<' \ ID 

D< '. . aadtT tL' ia. 

pt- r.f tho Aailjiif. Tart I. 



CtotT. Maq, Vol. XX. 



AacBBXBOLC Tnaalatiifia^'theCww 
iBAn, with a Sketch «r &• Hlalarr af 

="~^»»»«l»«Pwa«tU»«. Royal •««. 

Indiaa ffiopaphr: or. aa UtMoncal 
Aeoeant of dow ladrritab wko hara 

bean diMogaiahed atooo« Ike Nonb Aae> 
noaa NatHet, aa OrMOn. Wanier 
Stateamen, and oUier Ramarkabie Ch 
nam*. By B. B. Xm^tvun, 
3 tbIi. ISaio. 8<. 

mrap*! R<cordi bonn of Samnrl FoUiwiill wSTr^ST 
? ««,«iP" of tioa. from hi. CorraSal^ ak^ 
1 R.cl.iird in. Acwaal of tU UlTniiT*-^^ 

^1^ 



178 



New PuhUcalions, 



[Ang. 



pkther, Jolin FotliergiU, and Notices of 
Dme of his Desoendante. Bjr Gconoic 
kRosriict.D. «vo. 6t. 6rf. 

Biogra|ihicil Sketcliesof Josliua Marsh- 
Ban, D. D. of Scrampore. tSvo. It. 6d. 
Memorial of the Royal Progress in 
"*Bcl. By Sir Thomas Dick L.Af- 
^fiart. of Poantainball. 4to. 13 en- 
and 36 woodcuts, 4it, ; larije 
n, 84«. 

The PouDdatioa Documents of Mcrton 

allege, Oxford. Collected by James 

leywood, F.R.S. Edited by James 

)bcbau) Halliwell, Esq. F.R.S. 

Sto. 1*. 

PotUiet and Staiintict. 

The English Universitiea, from the Gcr- 
Banof V. A. Hnber, Professor of Western 
literatnre at Marburg, an abridged Trans- 
ition. Edited by Francis W. New- 
Ian, Professor of .the Greek and Latin 
Classics at Manchester New College. 
8 vols, in 3. 8vo. 5'2 plates. 21. 10*. 

The Spirit of Masonry. By William 
Hutchenson, F.A.S. A new edition, with 
copious Notes, by the Rev. George 
Oliver, D.D. 12mo. 7». 6d. 

Piety and Intellect relatively estimated : 
designed esjiecially for those who, from 
"Hclination or otherwise, arc engaged in 
Study. By Dr. H. Eowards, Author of 
S' Reflections for the Anxions .Mind,'' &c. 
Trp. 8to. 6». Grf. 

Report of Special Assi'tani Poor Law 
bmmissionen) on the Kmiiliiyinent of 
R'omen and Children in Agriculture. 
8vo. 3». 6rf. 

The Advantages and DiuidvantagM of 
Hie Feudal System : r. r T' v, rend 
in the Shcldontnn The '• , June 

jS«. 1««. ByHryRvl:, iIarrt, 

"lichel Scholar of Qneen's College. 8to. 

r. et/. 

Wrongs of AVomiin. By CBARkont 
Si.izABKTn. IBmo. 9», 

Tlie Claims of the CI : 

tlie Turkish or Dsr 
Divili/cd Nations. Iji ... , ii>-. 
roBTB. F.O.S. F R.O.S. 18mo. I». 

Ucrtnris on Physioal :mrt Iniillrdiml 
' red before t' 

1 1 1. Mary's, i , ,9 

ll''4v \;y Samuki. « RiGui. M.ui. 
r.R.S. S.A. FB.S. Hto. Ir. 



Reasons against Government Interfere 
ence in Education. 9vo. U. 

Com Lows ; Strictures on the Speech 
of Lord Ducie, delivered at the Mretinj 
held at the Hall of Commerce, in the 
City of London, May 29, \>i*3. 8vo. 6rf. 

Speech of the Earl of Powis in the 
House of Lords, on Tuesday. May 23, 
1843, on Moving the Second Reading of | 
a Bill for Preventing the Union of the 
Sees of St. Asaph and Bangor. If mo. Gd. 

Short Treatise on Life Assurance, with 
the Rates of all the Offices in London, 
Mutual, Mixed, and Proprietary, alpha- 
betically arranged. By Freokric Law. 
bance, Esq. Secretary to a Life Office. 

rrarelt and Topofraphy. 

Excursions, Adventures, and Field Sports 
In Ceylon ; its Couimercinl and Military 
Importance, and numerous Advantages t(t 
the British Emigrant. By Lieut. -Colonel 
Jaiip.s Caupbell, formerly of the 48th 
and oOth Regiments, 3 vols. Svo. mapi 
and plates. 36*. 

Narrative of a Journey from lleraut to 
Khiva, Moscow, and St. Petersburg, dur- 
ing the late Russian invasion of Khiva 
and the Kingdom of Khaurism. By Capt. 
James AHnoxr, Bengal Artillery. 2 vols. 
8vo. iJn. 

Steam Voyages on the Seine, the Mo> 
scJIe, aud the Rhine ; with Railroad Yisite 
to the Principal Cities of Belgium, &c. 
!k. By Micbaei. J. Quijf, esq^. Author 
of " A Steam Voyage down the Uatiabe," 
dtc. 2 vols. Crown 8vo. 21 ». 

Reminiscences of Syria, and the Frag- 
ments of a Journal and I^ctfers from the 
Holy Land, Bv Lieut.-Col. E. Napirb, 
late of the 4(ith Reg. F R.O.S. S vols. 
Post Hvo. 2!ir. 

Rcfidence of Eight Years in Pcrsie 
among the Ncstorian Christians, with No- 
tices of the Mahajnmedsns. By the RcT. 
Ji'triv Perkins. With a Map and 
' Hvo. 18». 

Is in Egypt, Arabia Petr«a, and 

(..• i.-.ly Land.' By thr "- ''-•' -^ 

Onv, D.U. President ■ 

Univcrsit)-. With IS ' 1 

Steel, •-•vols. Mvo. 16*. 

The New Piirehase : nr, Seven Yean 

n'"' '' 'i'lBEBT 

I .V. 

: In 
By 

Uu. 



ud. 



The r!»pe nf Oi«id Hnp"". *"'' """ Flatt- 



er and 



S. Chril* 



« m WW 



Aeic Publicatiout. 



173 



lOMiAT't lUndbook forTnTclIen in 
tnan. With 5 Travelling Mtpi. Pott 
«▼«>. 14.. 

I ' ' ' ■' Ii of Victor 

H .rof'Tho 

{■- U. 

. or, Ann- 

QU' ^ow. Bvo. 

TiitTK RpMMiini,Y'« Htnilbook for the 

C'ii ' ,: its Historical Amo- 

VI ^ of Art. With ua- 

)iii IS. and 3 Map of tlie 

( '/. 

> 108 i a the Neigh bonr- 

booii i>t Bauil, Vicinity of Duff ilouac, 
Bridgv of Alva, &c. ic. Bjr » Devcron- 
Me Post. To whirl] are appended (omc 
Nolicca of till- Worlci of Art in Uufl 
Book. I3mu. 4*. 

Portrji. 

The Wbcde Works of Beaninont and 
Fletcher. The Text from a New Colla- 
tion of the early Editions. With Notcn, 
ud Bioi^aphical Memoir. By the Rev. 
Alucakdkk Hick. Vols. I to 3. hl<o. 
36*. 

The Battle of Loncbarty : an Historical 
Poem, in 10 Cantos : and the Retired 
Licntenaot : a Poero. By .loiix Lakk, 
Antbor of the Comedy of the " Golden 
Glo«e." 2 void, in 1. «vo. 10». Grf. 

The Poetical Star. By M. C. Bj.ab»on, 
fit. 

The Treasarera ; a Play. By Joh.v 
Cooke, estj. of Bnliol, Oxford. Bvo. "I*. 

Launcrlot of the Lake : a Trajedy, in 
Fire Acts. By C. J. Ricthmillir. 
9to. 4t. 

The iiindii Priestess and the Aflgban 
King ; a Poem in 6 Cantos. By Gliia- 
••TU STKwaar. Part 1, Cantos I, 2. 
(>to. .1*. 

The ETrnine Walk, and other Poems. 

T"-" ' - " ' ' '- fluuif. By 

T .\ullinr of 

- -■ .:j."\c. .!#. 

isU:aPoem. IMnio. 3«. 6</. 

a Pri/e Poem, rerited iii 

the Tbtatrt, Oxford. June M, 18^.1. By 

MATTntw Arnold, Bultol College. 

}imo. la. 6d. 

NoveU, I'alei, ire. 

Meredith. By tlic Coi'ni Kf » or Blks> 
aiNOTON. i Tn1« I'rrmii i-ra. Tlj. 6rf. 

■fud's 
By 
mi.ir "I ■■ Oliver 
I I 11.. (!<<. 

. uur of Great Ex- 

McUtiona. By W. U. M, Hot.Mi»,es<i. 
3 toll. 3li. C<f. 
The Circasiiao Chief : a Roioattcc of 



Russia. By William II. 6. KiNg»TOK> 

cau. 3 voli. 31$. Gd. 

Tatea of the Coloniet; or, the Adnu^ 
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Colonial ' .0. 3la. 

The A:; • ..•- ill Eng- 
land. By the Author of " The Clock 
Msker," «ic. <kc. '-'vols. 8vo. 2U. 

Traita and Stories of the Irish Pat- 
aaatry. By Wii.t.iaM Caulktom. With 
Illustrations, Vol, I. kvo. H«. 

Tales of the Town. By Hknuy Wav. 
roan Bisulaii"- ^' ' '''rpotual Curat* 
of St. Thomnt' t 5*. 

Little Red H I. An entirely 

new edition, wilii uch Pictures by an 
eminent Artist. Edited hy Pklix Sum- 
UKRLir. 4 plates, tinted, it. (id.; CO* 
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Oirinity, 

Scriptural Commanion with God ; or, 
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Origincs El . or, the Ad- 

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The Necosity of Reforming the Church 
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Emperor Charles V., nml Remnrks on the 
Paternal Admonition by .lohn Cnlvin. 
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L . , ruarea, on the 

Thcopbania, or Uivme Manifestation of 
Our liord and Saviour Jesus Christ. 
TnnaUtvd iuto Engliah, with Notes (rvia 



New Publications. 



[Aug. 



in aacient STriac Veraion of tlie Greek 
original, now lost. By Samuel Lke, 
D.D. 8to. 11», 

Brief Notes on the Cliurrli of Scotland, 
from 1555 to 184'i; with a Summary of 
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An Essay towards the Conversion of 
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Bishop of Calcutta has been adjudged by 
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John Brandr Moani<!, M.A. Fellow of 
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Parochial Sermons. By (he Rev. J. 
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and Professor of Poetry in the University 
of Oxford. 8vo. li/«. 

Sermons on the Books of Joel, Jnnah, 
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some passages of Isainh and Ezekiel. By 
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Endeavours after the Christian Life. 
A Volume of Discourses by Jahus Mar- 
TIKEAD- l2mo. %t. 6rf. 

Thoughts suggested by the Ecclc»ios- 

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J)isconrsc, the substance of which was 

•livered in York Street Chapel, Dublin, 

lay 28, 1843. By William Urwick, 

).D. evo. I». 

An Essay on the Profession of Personal 

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Ition of Church and State. From the 

ench of Professor Vinft, of Geneva. 
By CuARLKs Theodore Jones. 8vo. 9f. 

The Rector in Search of a Curate. By 
a Churchman, (A Series of Essays.) 
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MKs F. DiMOtK, M.A. Curate of Stil- 
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7». 6rf. 

The Judgment aud the K f 

Drist, being Lectures ilurinu i 
St. George's Bloomshnry, ., 

ergymen. With a Preface, by the Rev, 

BiCKEBSTETU, Rector of Watton. 

no. Tt. 

Istorirjii Oenirniphical Account of 

r Christ i or, the 

to a thorough 



bhs. 
■t. h 



itvv. U. 



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TIic Truth as it is in Jesus, in Essays 
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B\ .0. 



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|S«. 

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I which ohlRined one of Mrc. Dcnycr'a 

[ Thcologicjtl Priaea, June 1043. By the 

Rer, FKKneRiCK Povniier, M..\. Wad- 

hara College, tfvo. U. 

Oral Tcarhing not Oral Trmlition in 

things necessary to Snlvation, the Doctrine 

|«( Scripture, Reason and Antiquity. By 

{the Rot. C. C. Towkskkd, A.M. Rector 

of Kllmaohnbea, Diocete of Ross. l«9mo. 

lit. 

/.ate. 

GviiU to M*KiiU'«tci uut Qf Sctaiuui, 



aith 

ddloi^H 

12*. ^ 



jn.i.,,i,„- . p:.„,) of ii,e p^r Lawa, 
u 'IS of Orders, Commil 

III I ' ictions. By Edward 

E. Dkacon, Esq. of the Inner Temple, 
Barrister-at-Law. 2 vole. Bvo. 2/. e#. 

Practical Treatise on Actions at Law^ 
embracing the subjects of Notice 
Action, Limitation of Actions, necesi 
Parties to, and proper Forms of Actioi 
By Rowland J at Buownb, Esq 
Lincoln's Inn, Special Pleader. Bvo. 16i. 

Code of Practice of the High Court of 
Chnncery. By Tiiouas Kknniut. r 
Solicilor'of the Court. 12mo. 12». 

The Law and Practice relating to 
Criminal Information, and Informations 
in the Nature of Quo Warranto j with 
Forms of the Pleadings and ProccediuL 
By W. R. Cole, Esq. of the Midd] 
Temple, Barrister-«t-Law. IJmo. 12*, 

A Condensed Commentary on the Re- 
gistration of Voters' .^ct, G Vict. cap. 18. 
liy STANDif-n Grove Gradt, Etq. of 
the Middle Temple, Barrieter-at-Law. 
12mo. G(. 

The Act to Amend the Liv^for the 
Registration of Voters, with a popular 
analytical Introduction, and a full and 
complete Index. By CharlesGrbvilk 
Priokal'x, esq. of Lincoln's Inn, Barris- 
ter-at-Law. IVmo. 3«. firf. 

The Registration of Voters Act, with 
Notes, and Forms, and copious Index. 
By Cuarles Wordswoutii, esq. of the 
Inner Temple, Barriitcr-at-Law. 8va. 
3». Gd. 

Law of Dijtressjfor Rent on Property 
not the Tenant's considered and con- 
demned : including a Report of the recent 
Cnac, Joule v. Jackson, with Remarks 
thereon, &c. l^mo. !i». 

Treatise on the Replication de Injnriii. 
By W. T. KiMK, esq. of the Middle | 

Temple, Special Pleader. l'2mo. Ax. 

The Law of Wreck considered with a 
view to its Amendment. By William 
Palmer, Barrister of the Inner Temple, 
and Gresham Lecturer in Law. gvo. 3i.6d, 

Medicine, 

Treatise on Food and Diet. By Joma- 
THAN Pkreira, M.D. F,R..S. L.S. 8vo. 

Some Account of the African Remit* 
tent Fever which occurred on bo 
H.M.S. Wilberforce, in the River Ni 
By Morris Pritoiiktt, M.D. F.R.G.Sr 
&c. Crown 8vo. 7#. Gd. 

Neurypnology : or, the Ritinnale of 
Nervous Sleep considered in rel'ition with 
Animal Mtgoctism ; illuitrnled by nume- 
rous cases of its successful application ti> 
the Relief and Cure of Disease. By 
Jamks Brmd, M.R.C.S.E. .'.*. 

A Medical Viiit tg Unreubcrs, in April 




182 



New Publications. 



CAug. 



I 



I 



and Maj' 1843, for the purpose of inveiU- 
gating the Merits of the Water Cure 
Treatment. Kv Sir CbablE3 Scvoa- 
MORE, M.D. F.'R.S. 8to. 4*. 

The Medical Friend ; or, Advice for the 
Preservation of Uealtli. By Jamks Pax- 
ton, M.D. IBuio. 2». 6rf. 

Facts and Observatiooi relative to the 
Influence of Manufactures upon Health 
and Life. By Daniel Noble, M.B.C.S. 
8to. 2#. 6d. 

Hydropathy : the Principlct, Theory, 
and Practice of the Water Cure nhcwn to 
be in accordance with Medical Science, 
and the Teachings of Common Sen»c. By 
Dr. E. JoBKsoN. ISmo. 5*. (id. 

Tribute to Hydropathy. By J. E. 
Eardlev Wilmot, es<j. Borrister-at- 
Law. .'iSmo. \». 

A Few Pages on Hydropathy, or the 
Cold Water System. By Thomas J. 
Graham, M.D. 8vo. 6<l. 

Science and ArU. 

Astronomy and Scripture, or some 
lUuatratioiu of that Science, and of the 
Solar, Lunar, Stellar, and Terrestrial 
Phenomena of Holy Writ. By the Rev. 
T. Milker, M. A.' Author of '■ The His- 
tory of the Seven Churches of Asia,''&c. 
Fscp. 7». 

An Account of some reniarknbic appli- 
cations of the Electric Fluid to the Useful 
Arts. By Mr. Alex. Bain. Ijvo. 4ir. 

Eleclriol Magaxine. Conducted by 
Mr. < I. .fi~- V. Wai.krr. No. \. 
(Qii >. -U. id. 

I'l; ^ vlanipuUtioD. ByGKoacE 

TaoMAS FisUKR, Jun. 18mo. sened U. 

Natural Ifiitori/, ifc. 

The Muck Manual : a Practical Trea- 
tise on the Nature nnJ Value of Manures, 
founded on experiments on various crops. 
For the use of Fariocrs. By F. Falk- 
NKR, esq. and the .Author of " Brittsli 
Husbandry." (i*. 6(/- 

The Culture of the Gr»|)« Vine and tlie 
Orange io Auittmlia nnd New Zealand ; 
comprising Historical Notices, In»lruc- 
tiont for Plauling and Cultivation. B3' 

" \0V ■ ^ r,B, F.L.S. ( - ■ 

',1 ; a Ch.i 
: ic Sweet-si 
£brubs cultivated io the >.>anlens of 

Britain. By ?kkoerick T. Mott. 

18ma. it- 

An lusuaoral Lecture ou Botany con- 



engravings, with a Catalogue of the chief 
of those uhibitcd at the Derby Meeting, 
184.J. By CrrnBKRT W. Johnson, esq. 
F.R.S. and J ARr.z Hark. l^mo. It. 

The Horse- Keeper's Guide. By Jamh 
Mills, M.V.C.S. Is. tJd. 

/Irchitecturt. 

Suggestions for the Improvement of 
our Towus and Houses. By T. J. Mah- 
lkn, esq. many years a LieuteniDt in the 
Army. 8vo. 7». 

Pine 4rit. 

Views on the Nile, from Cairo to the 
Second Cataract. Drawn 00 Stone. By 
Gkoroe Moork, from Sketches taken iu 
\m 3ud \KV.i, by Owen Jones and tha 
late Jules Goury, with Historical No- 
tices of the Monuments, by Sauiiki. 
Birch. Folio, 4/. 4«. 

Characteristic Costumes of Afgfaaunia- 
tan. By Capt. Lockykr Willis HarT( 
22d Reg. Bombay Infantry. 2U plate*, 
foliu, hf-bd. 4/. 4«. ; coloured. 10/. 10*. 

Interiors and Exteriors in Venice. By 
Lake Pric-e, Lithographed by JossrB 
Nash. SC Plates, folio, hf-bd. 4 gui- 
neas; coloured. III guineas. 

The Ancient Font of Little Walsing- 
liam, in Norfolk, drawn and illustrated, 
with u Descriptive Interpretation, by Q. 
R. Lewis. Part I, folio, !) ploles. •i\i. 

Specimens of Furniture in the Eli»a- 
bethian and Louis Quatoize Styles, adapt- 
ed for Modern Imitation. By tbe late 
Mr. T. King. Consisting of Cabinet 
Work, Chairs, Sofas, &:c. folio, 48 plates, 
,3Sjt. ; coloured, 2/. 2«. 

Bible Events, First Series ; illustrated 
with Pictures designed by Hans Hol- 
bein. Edited by Felix Sthmerlt. 8 
pliiles, tinted, 2». 6d. ; coloured, 4*. Git. 

Handbook of Taste ; or how to observe 
Works of .\rt, especially Cartoons, Pic- 
lures, and Statues. By FabU's Pictor, 



Aluiic. 



The Cli. 
t hurch of 1 



of the Uiiitctl 
Ireland ; hriuft an 



t 



arc ti' 



A.M. RiTctor of Peterstow, 

I iry of limerick. Xto. 10«. 



'i 1 Agncallural 

laplcuiiuU, UiuiU alcU by uurnvroua wuod 



MuAiu fur IUl itliUiuii, Miuisliug ol the 



1848.1 



Literary and Scintlfic IntelHgtnee. 



183 



Wo 
fof 
thr 



-If, trith accompanimcnti 
rte, Flute, A'iolin. Sic. of 
if and Stnndard Soiigf, 
:<•.. By William Leman 

u. 7)>. (irf. 

I lUe VioUa, U« Theory ind 

uu. It. 



lAttraturt and Language. 

Petri P»uU Dobrtc, A.M., Grwcnrnm 
Utrranim nupcr ProfeǤorii Regii Adver- 
' "' • ■ uni Cnnlflbri- 

Notm on In- 

Ipt - .;..lo»o Scholi- 

Fjttn, A.M. Unec. Lit. Prof. Reg. 8 
ToU. Bto. I.St. 

The History of Litemtur* ; or, the Rise 
•sd Progress of Lan^oge, Writing, and 
Letters, from the Earliest Ages of.^nti- 
qoityto the Present Time. By Sir Wit- 
LtAM BoTD, A.M. M.U. .\uthor of the 
" Epitome of the History of Literature," 
Kc. In 4 Vols. Vol. 1. 8ro. 3#. 

Bibliographical Essay on the Scrip- 
Vmt Rcrnm Oermanicarum. By A. 
AaasK. 4to. I6«. 

Philolocical Proofs of the Original 
Unity and Recent Oripn of the Human 
Race, derifid from a Comparison of the 
Langaages of Asia, Europe, Africa, and 
America ; being au Inquiry how far the 
diffetencet in the Languages of the Globe 
are referrible to causes now in operation. 
By Aitmt'B James Johnf^, esq. Bto. 
Ii». Crf. 

Cttsor i with Vocabulary, Notes, and 
Main, by W. M'Dow»Li.. ISmo. .!». 

Th« Intellectual English Grammar on a 
K«* and Comprehensive Plan. By 

pfc- "' u, Author of " System of 

rtic," (kr. 18mo. I«. Grf. 
■ I Museum, No. I. Hvo. 
4r. ilished Quarterly.) 

1 <tanient of Our Lord and 

8iv ' hriit, In Taylor'ii Sv«tem 

of ■ .as improTcd br GaoRdk 

■It I. l^nio. I5>. 



./ nenwere 

fie, I'ipS! — 

kciiuicolt , — CUailrt Irvdcnck Secre- 
tan, B A. of Wartlmm (■ollcigr. 

r- ■■ ' r( Payne 

Snii tie coll. 

•| .-.>!.,..;... 1 

Ef 

tur 

nav lluiilieuB." 

1 i"r the Chancellor's pritea 

t6i - 

1 " Tritunphi Pompa 

jirioriplei 

Qtl." 



For a Latin essay, " Litrrarum bnma. 
narum utilitas," 

Sir Roger Ncwdigate'l priae. The B«L 
tic of the Nile. 



I-NIVERBITT OF CAMnninoK. 

The Members' prizes for the present 
rear are adjadged as follows : 

Bscbelors.— 1. R. R. Walpole, U.K. 
Gonvillc and Cuius j «. G. Nug^e, B.A. 
Trinity Subject. — " Principiorum Jnria 
Publici npud Gnccof et apud Romanot 
eompamtio." 

Under-gradaates. — I. C. Bristed j 9. 

. Subject. — " Qnibusnam b fontj- 

bas T. Lirius historiam Primi Libri soi 
haiiserit, et quatenos hiatoria iita Ten rit 
habenda ?" 



KINOS COLLEGE, LOKDON. 
The arrangements of the Philosophical 
museum at this institution, which includes 
that formed by King George the Third at 
Kcw, baring been completed with judg- 
ment and good taste, the opening of it to 
the public was made the occasion, on 
Thursday. ,Iune 22, of a grand ceremony. 
The whole of the rooms in the college, 
the several Taluable museums, the capa- 
cious and welt-furnished Marsden library, 
&c. were thrown open to the visitors. On 
every side were objects of interest ; and 
the professors of Natural Pbilosophv, Ex. 
perjmcnial Philosophy, I'hemistry, Com- 
parative Anatomy, &c. were in attendance 
tu answer questions, and to explain the his* 
tory, character, construction, or applica- 
tion of the numerous specimens, ioven- 
tiona, productions, or preparations. Ilii 
Royal Highness Prince Albert honoured 
the occasion by his presence. He wa» 
,-,.,■.,;,.., I ,„, his arrival by the principal 
irf, complimented by a Latin 
i greeted with " God save the 
Wuicu" by Hullah's pupils, arranged in 
the great entrance ball. The royal in- 
struments and apparatus, Wheatstone'g 
electrical inventions, and Babbage's cal- 
culating machine, were the principal at* 
tractions of the day. 

CMTKBRITr rOlLKOS, LOMDOK. 
Jnly I. Tlie annual di-itrihntion of 

prircs in the Faculty of Af ij 

took place in the Theatre of ?. 

■•'' i...-~~. ►-!.-.. i-v Mr. '.■...,. ,:...,s4l 

It Maiden, Dean of 

"tit, which gave an 

account of thn pKilirieucy attained by the 

pnptU it* Iifrni(ur#. sciet»ce, otid other 

I iber of 
I Lawi 

I. ..■■.. , • luercaae 

upon thai of the preceding year. 



184 



Literary and Scientific Irdelligence, 



[Aug. 



CHILTEVItAM PBOPBlltTAnT COLLCOE. 
y«ii<> 22. One of the noblest meetings 
CTCr known in Cheltenham wait held on 
the occasion of the opening of the new 
Proprietory College. Three years hnve 
not elapsed since it was projected, nnd 
only two since tlie school was opened. 
There were 244 boye present, and most of 
the clergy of the town ami neighbourhood. 
The college is an elegant Gothic building, 
250 feet in len^h, with a tower HO feet 
in height, and has a noble appearance. 
The great boll is capable of contaiaing 
1500 persons. It was designed by 
Mr. Wilson, of Bath, and erected by Mr. 
Davis, of Frome. The Rer. Francis 
Close, M.A. look the chair, and addressed 
the assembly in a very cfTcctivc speech. 
The Head Master, the Rev. Ur. Phillips, 
introduced the Examiners, the Rev. Mr. 
HodsoD, Fellow of Trinity College, Cam- 
bridge, and the Rev. Mr. Mitrhcll, of 
Oxford. The reverend gentlemen passed 
the highest encomiums upon the boys for 
their proficiency in the classics, mathe- 
matics, and general literature, and ex- 
pressed themselves on the certainty of 
their success in the Universities, whither 
they were proceeding. From the report 
it appeared that the receipts of the year 
had been 3,4.39/. covering all current ex- 
penses, and leaving a sur|)lus of 300/. 



already pos,scsscs a valuable collection of 
books, to which large additions ore shout 
to be made ; and full ajiparatus for the 
illustration of the lectures in Chemistry, 
and all the branches of Natural Philoso- 
phy, is to be selected in England by t]ie 
Professors in those departments. 



KINn S COLLKOE, TOKONTO. 

The following appointments have been 
made in this new Canadian University. 
The Rev. Dr. John M'Caul, late Princi- 
pal of Upper Canada college, Vice-Presi- 
dent of the University (the Bishop of 
Toronto being President by the royal 
charter). Besides discharging the duties 
of Professor of Classical Literature and 
Belles Lettrei, on this gentleman will de- 
volve the general management and (U))er- 
intendunce of the whole system. The 
Rrv. Dr. Bcavan, of St. Edmund's hall, 
Oxford, Prutessor of Divinity. Richard 
Potter, csij. M.A. a Fellow of Queen's 
college, Cambridge, and late Professor of 
Mathematics and Natural Philosophy in 
University college. London, Professor of 
the same branches of knowledge. Wil- 
liam llumc UUkc, esq. barrister, of To- 

rontf* ' rt .'iMdunte uf 1V'"-'^- .'..:i.j^rf, 

Dili' T of Law. ft, 

esq. ' '>f Ex))eriui' ^n- 

phy and CUtJtiistry. Urs. Julin King nnd 
Owvofif. IkiIJi gejillrntrn «|jinilin(r de» 

..... , . ■'re. 



Men 
LOD' 

tor and Cufklor oi like A 
Patliologirol MttKum. 'i . 
9 



THE ROTAL AGRICULTIIRAI. SOCIBTT. 

The Annual Meeting of this influential 
Society has been held this year at Derby. 
The pavilion, in which the dinner of the 
Members took place on Thursday, Jnly 
13, was of capacity to contain 2000 jier- 
•ons. Alargenumber of implements, bad 
arrived on Tuesday, when a preliminary 
trial of some of them took place on 
some land at Mickleover, three miles 
from the town. In the evening of that 
day, the council of the society dined 
with the Mayor at the Royal Hotel. 
Among the company were Mr. W. Miles, 
M.P. (Steward of the Implement deport- 
ment), and Sir Chas. Morgan, Bart. On 
Wednesday the Judges awarded the prizes, 
and the Council of the Society held their 
public dinner in the County Hall. On 
Tliunday the cattle and implement yards 
were opened to the public, and the grand 
dinner took place in the Pavillion at 4 
o'clock. 



LIBB.MIT OF J. B, HAWKINS, ESQ. F.S.A. 

The sale of the library of the laic John 
Sidney Hawkins, esq. F.S.A. took place 
on the 8th May, and eight following days, 
at Fletcher's Rooms, Piccadilly. The 
collection was not especially rich in fine 
or rare books, but was essentially a learned 
library, and included some very curious 
articles, both printed and manuscript- 
Mr. Hawkins seemed to have a most sin- 
gular fancy for collecting several copies 
of works where the author or the subject 
engaged his interest, even if they were of 
the some edition. Of his own edition of 
Ignoramus there was an unsold remainder 
of twenly-scvpu copies, and of his E'say 
on the Origin and Progress of Gothic Ar 
chitecture, no fewer than two hundre' 
A fine copy of Wccvcr's Funeral Mon' 
ments, in large paper, i 
the Latin Bible of Kol' 
147*1, 2/. L'jt. ; Balcm 
de Proprietotibus Iter. 
.5/. .1'. Tliu sile com. « 

V's; of whtdi the uiost 



m 



from 



. ..„i 

I iCdr.n's 
itiuudiaU )(■ Etiw, 



1843.] 



Literary and Scientific InltVigenet. 



165 



A <%a rellom MS. of I. 
which bcWn^d in tJ^T 

the '■'■'■' I- ■■'■ \' ■■ -i 

uf 

eaui' . 

Uw lunc ut' tlir M& lUeli b«iag aboal 

MOO.M St. 

V ''vangelUten, i 410. Tellam 
MS !i century, bought for tlie 
Bni. It II. 16*. 

Tr' '■■' I [iiceilit. ui Italuko MS. on 

Tflln I ;ii- Ijth centurr. 3/. 5». Brit. 

\> 

I 'iiliiitrias), eomoedu, acts coram 
I ,1 is, Feb. 6, 1637. Aulhore — 
11m ,<:. Small 4U>. 8f. 

. - ' •■ ■ — - •■-- fid. 

by Jobn 
',!■ .to Laud, 

Praudnt of St. Jolin'a ^oa papor, not 
" telloni," u the citnlof^ue). 15j. 

A nrw Uiclionary for the Orthography, 
Prauanciation, and Ktymology of the 
KafUah Lauguagc, a MS. by Joseph 
Rooa, (brmeriy beloDcing lu Mr. Heber. 
(J. 7: td. 

A Us. translatioD of the whole of Sir 
J«bii Cliardin'i Trarels in Pentin and the 
ludie«, ia lire voli. folio, of which 
Srat only was published, i/. 'ii. 
**^ '' ' ibet of thf' fiaroes and arrat 
of ' V and Gentry of Eogluud, 

abob. . ,. Jurmerly belnn^iug to the 
library at Northcourt. Iile of Wight, and 
afterwardu to J. Walwyn, e*i] of Long- 
worth, Ledbury). 61. \0t. Boone. 

A Common-place book of IlUtorical 
TreatisCT, temp. James I. and Poetry. 4to. 
H.U. 

The produce of the Dtne daya' aate 
UDOonted to nearly 1 ,400/. 



THE WILEOK MAXl'SCBIPTS. 

On Ihe IPHh June werf nold by auction 
r ifield, amongtt 

t Wm. Wdson, 
........ .S.W.. i< ....'..|uities aa would 

iuT* fomed of IhemselTes a muieum, 
and ouchi to hare lirrn added to the (torn 
of thai already rxiating in the town), a 
gmt oambar of »rry runoii? docnm'nt", 
•ranacripta an! 
to the hiatory < 

bourhood. ■•• i.. 

Wilaao'a -■). 

fonneily" xma 

iocunvi^ ■\ unctl, and arr gcne- 

nJly art'. v tin- ulilc n\it!iMr .if 

thr T' 



gWriiinal notice ot the wurthy collector 
■u hh fiuniljr. Thtrv ia alio aomo so- 
OXKT. Uab. Vol. XX. 



'I itaolf, and of it* 
• pp. 57,j — 771 of 
- ' ^ever, com- 
: catalogae of 
, as then ex- 

isting at UroouibifAd Hall. This docn- 
mcnt (in uianuschpl) accompanied the 
collection, nliich the descKber separates 
into four principal dirisiooa — the ftrat 
containing all that immediately relates to 
the town of Sheffield, and the ilistrict of 
Hallamshire. These of course, to persona 
resident in this town, formed the moat 
inl«reiling part of the collection, and 
have, as might be expected, yielded more 
than their essence during the proceas of 
their examination by Mr. Hunter, who, 
however, after all has hardly been indebted 
to them exactly to the extent implied by 
the terms " a great portion of bis Hallam- 
shire" in the preoeding quotation. The 
second division contains all that relates to 
Bradficld, and some of the places in the 
neighbourhood of Broomhead Hall. The 
latter, a mansion built some years sgo, 
situate near the Moors, at the bead of the 
Yewden Vale, overlooking the ancient 
residence of " Moor of Moor Hall," and 
confronting the still more conspicuous 
Wharncliff Lodge, wood, and rocks, the 
scene of the celebrated ballad of the 
"Dragon of Wantlcy." To this neigh- 
bourhood, as comprising the residence of 
himself and his ancestors, the attention of 
Mr. Wilson seems to have been especially, 
indeed naturally directed, and Mr. Hunter 
expresses a regret, in which many will 
join, that from these stores of information, 
and from his own rccoUectioos and ob- 
servations, which most have hni'o "'^ '•■bj 
valuable, Mr. Wilaou did not ii 

a history of the places in il" of 

his family residence as should have been 
a standing memorial of his industry and 
bis intimate acquaintance with the sub- 
ject. The documents in this division are 
described under upwards of one hundred 
heads, comprising bundles, teparite pa> 
pern, and volumes, many of them very 
curious. In the third division are de- 
erribrd such paper* as are illustrative of 
niphy or general history ; and al- 
ii of less directly local interest than 
■ .1 itj-t, were, in many respects, illus- 
trative of general facts, or it might be 
valu&ble for their rarity. Under the 
fourth division, Mr. Hunter cksse* v«. 
rioiu tiiisct-llniirous matters, exclusive of 
i ! family evi- 
rtiun of the 

.11 I.. ...... ', during 

yby the la> stowed 

ir* : the di ' :<, and 

smallrr original papers were <lr)'Oii>(><l in 

aosbiiMt, cooaistiug of thlrty-twg drawer*. 



ISC 



Architecture. 



[Aug. 



each labelUil with (he u&me of the sore- 
reign uniler whose reign the dormnents 
bore date, Tbe collectioD wm sohi in 
one lot, in tccordimce with a auggpstion 
of Mr. tluntcr, a letter from nhuia, re- 
cently written to Mr. Wilaon, was read, 
in which he remarked : "I cinuot but 
•ipreu a wish that some means could 
hire been or could be ndo[itcd, to keep 
together so curious and interesting a cul- 
lection. Surely there is some person who, 
for the honour and benefit, I may »ay, of 
HaUamshire, will come forward and make 
such an offer as would induce you not to 
suffer the collection, at least the York- 
shire part of it, to be dismembered. It 
should be deposited in some public li- 
brary, and bear the name of the n'ilton 
Collection, in honour of him who formed 
it. It has happened to few parts of the 
kingdom to owe to much to any prirate 
person as HaUamshire does to Mr. Wilson. 
I wish I could myielf afford to buy them, 
and keep the Yorkshire piirt together." 

The biddings were commenced with 
twenty guineas by Mr. Thorpe, the London 
bookseller, and up to fifty pounds, we be- 
lieve, there was a competition on behalf 
of a member of the family of the original 
possessor ; beyond this, the contest lay 
wholly between Mr. Thorpe and William 
Younge, esq. the latter gallantly contest- 
ing the piize, until his competitor bid 
one hundred and sixty-fire guineas, at 
which price the collection was knocked 



down to Mr. Tlioi-pe, who the same night 
earned the whole nith him to London. 
It was subsequently purchased by Mr. 
Ncwnian, the bookseller, of Ilolborn. 
Thus have the men of HaUamshire allowed 
(« le^re the neighbourhood, and to be 
dispersed beyond recal, this curious and 
vnluable collection, and this for a sum 
that oufiht sorely lo have appeared (rifling, 
had a dozen or a score gentlemen united 
for the realization of Mr. Hunter's sug- 
gestion. Ae it is, the neit and future 
generation will probably feel more thank 
ful than the present, that the elaborate 
Hiatory of their birth-place was com. 
piled by that gentleman before the di»i] 
persion of those precious and irretriera 
ble materials. Sir. Vonnge purchased 
for 51. 10s. one of the ancient copper 
plates, which were found on the Stunning, 
ton side of the Rirelin in 17CI. It con- 
tains the names and other particulars, 
supposed by antiquaries to concern the 
manumission and enrolment of soldiers as 
citiiens of Rome, and it described by 
Hunter, p. 18. Two of these plates were 
found : but the more ancient one, of which 
tills was believed to be a duplicate, and 
which was presented by tbe Duke of Nor- 
folk to the Society of Antiquaries, is no 
longer in ciistcnce. Sii old portraits of 
the Macro family were s-old for thirty- 
three guineas, and a portrait of the Duch- 
ess of Portsmouth, by Sir Pelcr Loly, for 
fourteen guineas. 



N 



ARCHITECTURE. 



OXrOBD AftCHITECTlIBAl. SOCIKTY. 

Alay -4, K letter was read from Josc]>l> 

I Clarke, esq. Architect, on some peculiari- 

I lies which he has noticed in the mode of 

^jointing the stone-work in the tracery of the 

, windows iu the cloisters of Westminster 

Abbey. It has been frequently observed, 

, that lead was used in the joints by the old 

I uasoDs, but it has becu geoenilly supposed 

to be sheet lead cut to tlic monldiugs ; iu 

this instaoee, however, it was evidently 

molten lead poured into grooves prepared 

lo receive it, in the same manner as is 

now practised by plumbers for soldering 

I iron railings. 

Another communication was lead frum 
^the Rev. R. Jackson, of Wreay, Carlisle, 
etpecting the tower of Newlon Arlosh, 
iin Cumh^rUnd. showine sont*? rensons fn 
t 



circumstances mentioned gave probability 
lo it ; but the fact could only be decide 
by an examinalion of the mnsunry of thai 
ruins by competent judges. 

Tbe President of Trinity mentioned the 
receipt of a letter from A. W. Pngin. esq, 
on the subject uf !Spires, alluded to at thfl 
last meeting. Mr. Pugin distinctly re-\ 
asserts as a matter not of Iheorj- but i 
fact, (hat erery caily-Knglisli and Di-cu-^ 
rated tower cither had or was intended ( 
have a spire upon it. Tbe Prraident still 



well UiiOHu, It tluc> uul full 
the Ituititrt'ds of tottars in tin-. 



but l)a,l not ser ' 
being Roman. Tbe 



ture. 



t»<-. -■ — I II 'I ^t' i'.....,i will com- 

n< iiicli he hot 

■I 'ViU, 

' annual nierUng of (tie So- 
li' . c on the •7th of June, the 
RcK, tiic KtLtor of Exeter College in tbe 
ciuir, who. after a brief addreu on 
Um object! of the SocictT, which are e:i- 
prMaed in it» title, " tu pramote the 
■tudjr of Gothic Architecture," with a 
»lew luure especially to improve the tajtc 
mm) r)!!iracter of the ecclesiastical edifices 
I'ry, read the report of the 

■ r the year. The progress 
Mt yn'f\"\^^i of the Society contiuue to 
b« caeering, the number of its members 
to iBoreue, and the interest evinced in its 
objeeti is unabated. Several plans for new 
ckurche*, and proposed restorations of old 
oota, have been submitted to the inspec- 
tioo of the committee, and it is satisfac- 
U>r7 lo be able to state that with very few 
nccptions they have met with their ap- 
proval. An applicaliuu has been made to 
tliit Society for a design for a church to 
•roetrd at Colabah, near Bombay, which 
i* Bovr preparing by }Ir. Uerick, with tlie 
asnatance of the local experience of 
Captain Faber, of the Madras Engineers. 
The publications of the Society during 
the year have been : — 

1. Working drawings of St. Giles's 
Church in Ihia city, by Jamei Peak Ilar- 
liaon, B.A. of Christ Church. 

2. The first part of an Architectural 
Cnide to the neiithliourhood of Oxford. 

.}. .Several single sheets of working 
drawing! of open seats nnd stalls, the 
raoedo* of on altar, &c. from ancient ex- 
■mploi i MTVcral other sbcctt of this series 
•tc in hand. 

4. Other sheets of the tracery of win- 
dows from &Ir. Rickman*s ftkrtches, 
etched and presented to the .Society by 
Tlioinaa Harper Kiug, es<|. of Exeter 
College. 

Drawings of Minster Lovell Church, 
ne«r Witney, Oxfordshire, by John 
IVif-clmrd. f«(|. Architect, and of Shottes- 
bf' h, near Maidenhead, Uerks. 

h-i llutterfield, esq. .Architect. 

•>( -,.1. 

iitiiin of the Architectural 

('• iiiiiL', and the further as - 

l>crj is solicited. 

■^ri to publish a new 

.Cdi • valuable work 

'^hicb is still the 

do' 1 our language ; 

aT' -on is scarcely, 

pt\ rcmcnt ; but in 

lb' ics, in their rc- 

•)>' room for much 

MtU ' nith the view of 

Bi'i . a lopogrspUical 



dicfi' •■ ^'^•■ll the old churche.-- remain- 
ing . ilic aMistancc of mcmbcra 
oftL , iiud of the other tocieties 
in connection with it, is eaincstly request- 
ed in supplying church notes of their re- 
spective neighbourhoods. Considerable 
additions have been made to the collec- 
tion of casts of details during the year, 
particularly some very bcantifnl speci- 
mens from Lincoln Cathedral ; and seve- 
ral valuable books have been added to 
the library of the Society — of which a 
catalogue is printed in the annual report, 
together with a list of Mr. Rickman'a 
drawings, which will be found very v«. 
luable, OS pointing out where good exam- 
ples are to be found of the various parti 
of churches in all the stylca of Gothic 
Arcliitecture. In conclusion, the com- 
mittee obser^'e with pleasure the decided 
improvement in taste and design that hat 
taken place, and is still progressing ; and 
as favourable instances, which have been 
completed during the year, would mention 
the restoration of the Temple Church in 
London, and the Monumental Cross in 
this City. 

A letter was then read by the secretary, 
addressed to the President of Trinity Col- 
lege, by Mr. .\. W. Pugin on the subject 
of Spires ; the object of which was to prove 
the truth of his assertion, that every 
tower in the early- English and Decorated 
styles of Gothic Architecture was ori- 
ginally terminated by a spire, or designed 
to be 90. He cited numerous examplea 
in support of his views, and explained that 
by a spire he means a spiral termination 
of any kind, including a low pyramid, or 
even a gabled roof, — any roof that is not 
flat. Another paper was read by Mr. 
Freeman, of Trinity College on Spire*, 
with a particular reference to those of 
Northamptonshire. The spire seems to 
have originated in the low pyramidal cap- 
ping of the Romanesque steeples, em- 
ployed also frequently in the Gothic 
styles. There are several forms em- 
ployed abroad which are rarely met with 
in this country, where the octagonal form 
is almost univcrssl. Mr. Pugin's theory 
of all early and decorated towers requiring 
the spire, is correct as to the ideal per- 
fection of the style, but appears far from 
correct as a motter of fact. The spire is 
often met with earlier, but seems to have 
come into general use in the time of Ed- 
ward I. of which date ore most of thr fioa 
spires between Nordi"'": '■■" ^"'' ''"'rr- 
borough. On the oi ne 

county uflVrs ffvcnil (■' •■:* 

without spiirs, iiunie ut thctn npimreiitly 
with the original parapet. Spire* may ba 
generally divided into two kinds, ttie 
broach with or without pionavlM, usctl in 



}m 



ArchUtctuii:. 



[Aug. 



the eiu'ly-Engli»li and early Decorated, 
and tlist furnishrd with a pnripet, belong- 
ing to the latrr Decorated and Perpen. 
dicnlar itjrlea. Of the former, North- 
amptonshire hai many noble c^amplei, as 
TIchester, Wolverton. Rauads, tbe latter 
A good modem restoration on nn ancicot 
and inagniftcent tover. Christ Church 
Cathedral and Witney ore also tery fine 
examples. The other form with a para- 
pet, commonly embattled, is very frequent 
daring the Decorated time ; with the Per- 
pendicular style, the embattled tower, a 
feature hardly inferior in beauty to the 
tpire, became more common, but there 
■re some fine spires of this period, es- 
pecially about Birmingham. St . Michael's, 
CoTentry, one of the most beautiful stee- 
ples in the world, is also of this style. 
An iotermediatc form is when the spire 
riaes from a cluster of pinnarle«, as the 
eariy Decorated steeple of St. Mary's. 
The taste for spires never became quite 
eitiaet, as we find them even with 
Italianised details. There arc also some 
excellent restorations of Gothic spires in 
the seTenteenth century, as the reiitml 
one of Lichfield Minster, and (hal of 
Uigham Ferrers Church. The paper was 
illustrated by scTeral |>en and ink slictchcs 
of the spires alluded to from Northamp- 
totuhire and other districts, and also by 
lome etchings of Mr. Pctit's famished by 
Mr. Parker. 



PROPORRD eiTT lUPnOVEMENTS. 

The localities and direction!! of several 
new street! projected by tlie Corporatiou 
Committee have been laid before Parlia- 
ment. It may probably be some years 
before the whole will be carried into effect ) 
but there is every likelihood of an early 
Iipginoing, and, as it is not yet known 
which improvement will be commenced 
first, we begin westward, to go over the 
whole proposed. Middle Row. Hnlborn, 
although juh-t without tbe boundary iif 
the City, id marked for remnvnl j «l»n 
•onie projecting houfes at Holborn Uriilge. 

The first n. ■ ■ ■ - 

Holborn, t; 

ter Lane. 

passing througii liarilcii's i 

Thavies Inn. t" Xhf end nf < 

leavin 

the I 

Spot. ,,, 

Of Si' M. 

>Uri^' ,r 

new •triTt, HI M. 

T)«nirtRn*t pfior ' <tf 



by tin dcmoUtiun of t : 



runs along NeviUr't Court, Middle and 
Little New Street) to the junotion at 
Stonecutter Street. The united stre«t 
then goes on to the comer of Harp Alley, 
across Farringdon Street throngh the 
Fleet Prison and Prujean Square, acroia 
the Old Bailey to Amen Corner and Ave- 
Maria and Warwick Lanes, there open- 
ing St. Paul's ; a few houses in Ludgate 
Street, the whole of the sooth aide of 
Paternoster Row to Cheapside ; and the 
corner between the Row and Newgate 
.Street, now obstructing the view of tha 
General Posl-Olfice, to come down. Thig] 
is the chief, and will be a grand improve 
ment. There is another new street wesWl 
ward, but on a smaller scale ; it com*] 
niences at tbe Temple, and cooaists of th 
desirable widening of Temple Streeti 
Fisher's .Mley, Crown Court, Tudor Slxei 
to New Bridge .Street. The next is froa 
the end of Karl Street ond the comer 
St. Audrew's Hill to Great Knightride^ 
Street, widening that by the removal 
the houses on the north side, across Sermon 
and the end of Litllo Carter Lane to Great 
DistafT I.dne, with an opening there to St. 
I'oul's, and then continuing on. by th 
palling down of the south side of Great 
Uiataff Lane, Little Friday Street, and 
Basing Lnnc, to Bow. Thence it proceeds 
in n straight line through Little St. Thomas 
.Apostle to Cannon .Street ; but also in a 
north-east direction across Watling Street, 
Size Laae, and Bucklersbury, to thai 
Mansion House, comer of the Poultry |J 
the north .lide of which from Old Jewry! 
to tbe Bank is to be removed. An im*! 
provement also in connexion with thh 
street is the widening of Qne«n Street 
the demolition of the eastern nide froa 
Watling Street to Queen Street Plact.^ 
The next in order r' ' '■ i from wea" 
ward is frum Sm the end 

Dnko .Strert, in ii to Alder 

g.ile Street, and oppoeile Jtwin Str«et, 
with a branch to the rirht lltroneh Bar- 
tholomew CIo'C, Ore.it ^ '• I 
Albion Buildings, and ' 

.;ate Street, 
There an 

"■•>> strcctt. . , 

it, and at tbe lower end 
Street, to Fmcluireh StTerfi^ 
■e I 
f I 
1 1»\ tit'^'iii ' 

New Zrjilaii' 

•Street, Sun - 

Bjr'tbe-hy, tbrre is an 
conneetiug Bnrr Sirrr: 
Street. Tl 
jiM»v«m»nl« ' 

' '• i.owtr i iuuna 



13.] 



Antiqiurian Rettarchet. 



• SttttI f ' '■" In Hoi- 

-Ortlen ' 1 by the 

Ninioucrf 'rests to 

tsll< iloon fortlivriUi tlic wliule of the 
btfusr* frn Ibf nft firi^ of Upper St. 
Mar' ire and 

Qftr ' n Dials. 

TM> r<r: ' iiiiiiiiiiiuiwll of the 

inproTrti' <<1 lo take place by 

tlw (onn , !• new street from 

Cot* ii'iT-"if(t to bnqg-a<TC, and which, 
liiini. 'I. will form a dirert line from 
\ij to the west uf Holbom. 




Nr- '■- n. 

of Salisbury 

i' of Bath and 

a new church a( 

I, about three miles 

Bedtlilfc Uai, on the old Wells 

roail. This is a beautiful specimen uf 

Nenam wahitecture, but it is hoped that 

•1*0 diataat period the tower will be 

CBriad to its proper height, and that it 



will hare a jieal of bells. The churi^ 
liMS no pews, the »c.t15 ^cin^ all open an 
free. Un the pillars are insi'nbed appr 
priate text» in black and red letters, the 
cipense of which waa borne by Christo- 
pher George, esq. The lessons will be 
read from an eag^le, canred in oak, 
beini; on exact representation of one 
found in the lake of Newstead Abbey. 
Tlic late RHss Pliippen, of BedmiDfter, 
was the donor of this elegant ornament. 
The painted windows were presented by 
Robert Phippcn, esq. and bis lady has 
(ciren the .oacrainental plate. Thediurdl 
is called St. Peter's Church in perpetua- 
tion of the name of a chapel standing in 
the time of Edward VI. The hamlet of 
Bishport, it is found in ancient records, 
was formerly Gpiscowerde or Bishop'* 
land ; whence it came to be called 
Bishopsworth ; and it is sngi^ested that 
the latter title, instead of the corruption 
Uishporl, be now restored. 



ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES. 



W»l' 

ml. 

Tbr 



VIMOTKmiBI AT COLCilFSTKR, 

k hating become necessary lo remove 
Ik* N«ftlt Brid|:e at Colchester, in order to 
no tlie sits one more suited to tlic 
of traffic, arismg from its being 
iht^oly Utarongfafare loand from the town 
I* Ui« Saalcm Counties Railway .'Station, 
nWB rrmoTJog the north abutment 
(Milt Mairvely TO years ago), it was found 
to be placed between the foundation of 
■ mil of Roman cbancter, which appeared 
to luTC been divided pur]>osely for the 
neeptioa of it. Under this foundation 
TCr* disofiToped seTernl earthen urns, 
lap' ! "f which fell to 

fit' '■ air I two only 

ill 1.1 tliem made of 
1 coane black earth, 
led on a Roman tile 
abont rtghl inches sqnare, and is of A 
fiifw r«relr tiiel with hrri-. SrvernI coin* 
h«> . 



r of halfpence 
I'hird. Krom 
ID which they 
r quite bright 
li induced the 
• rre gold. Ho 



^ II some 

■.\ quan- 

■ :l:^ltniitlJ Ui the erection 

' 'ii> L, dltcwnrtd ■ week or 

soTcriU RoDMn (uiW) coc of 




which, about IS inches high, fortunali 
wR-i got out whole, and contained a 
posit by cremation, the mouth bein| 
covered by the bottom of another urn. 
At the same time a smaller one was dii- 
covered, used probably for a drinking cup ; 
this the workmen broke accidentally. It 
is formed of a whitish earth, and covered 
with a black composition resembling somo 
that came from I'ompeii. 

Another was dug up at the same pi 
of rather a curious shape, about (i inoh( 
high, indented it is supposed to hold it 
this is covered with a light brown glaze. 
There was found at the same time aa 
earthen lamp, an irory pin, a ribbed bins 
bend, and various fragments of gli 
and earthen vessels, in particular of 
Sninian ware, buihels of which are foi 
in this town. 

\ short time ago a man, ploughing iii 

' ) on the common land at the rejir of 

ly Lodge, turned up a small brass 

ML'iie of Jupiter, about4 inches high. W. 



am* 

DhdH 
it! ' 
ue. 
s on 
blM 

'^ 



TBM TANKARD, IPSWICH. 

We are sorry to have to record Uie eoi 
plete demolition of the Tankiird pub' 
house, in Tacket Street. Iptnich, a build* 
ing for many years an object of interest 

' *' r lovers of nri' ' ' ' ~ '"■■ '''hf^ 

li front li.i ' .1 

-- - uildiop coni.> ^ ;i- 

n highly uiiiantcntcd 

• f 



lid^l 



mensKius, having 

CPilTtip, wiTi* pr-'j'- 



^inf^.isuJi; lur .run, iToi.^ cuuit^uivu wue* 



J 



190 



fiiliqiiarinn Rescarcn 



<ivg7 



rioiis cnrrings of a mythological rhnracliT. 
Some old coins and foreign tokens wrrr 
found betn-een the floors, but none of any 
interest . 



TVMVLUS AV ROt'GHAM, SUrFOLK. 

An interesting discovery, illustrative of 
the fnncrol customs of the Anglo-Romans, 
has been made in the parish of Rongham, 
in Sullblk,on the estate of Pliilli|< Denuet, 
esq. At the corner of the two roads lead- 
ing to Hetsett and Bradlirld Muiiger, and 
tvithin a few feet of the highway, stands 
the half of a hill called Eastlow hill, and 
a slight distance therefrom were two se- 
micircular mounds, between 51) and 60 
feet in diameter, covered with herbage 
and shrubs. The men belonging to Mr. 
Lerett't farm were engaged in clearing 
away one of these mounds, to lay the soil 
upon the land ; when, on the 7th of July, 
baring come to the centre, they broke 
into an oven-shaped cist or cavern, con- 
taining sepulchral remains. A hole, be- 
tween three and four feet square, appears 
to have been first dug about three feet be- 
low the general level of the surface. Four 
rows of red hoUow tile bricki', each 1 1 
inches long, about C> inches wide, and 7 
inches deep, and ncirlv an inch thick, and 
having a circular hole in the middle of 
each end, were then placed on the soil, 
and covered over with large flat tiles. The 
whole was arched over with tiles, forming 
a chamber of about 3 J feet square and '2 
feet deep ; open at one end. Each tile is 
ornamented with two striated bands, 
placed diagonally from angle to angle, and 
crossing in the centre. In this chamber 
was a large square ranister-shaped urn of 
emerald green glass, with a handle on 
one side. It was nearly 16 inches high 
and >i inches wide ; and was about half 
full of burnt hones, Hy the side of the 
um was a large plain iron lamp, of the 
accustomed form, in length, from the 
wick-chamher to the handle, nearly n 
foot. Unfortunately, from the ignorance 
of the man who made the di»covery, the 
cist wa> ojivni'd so ciirelr5»ly that the line 
and curious urn was broken. This part 
oft!. ••'■■•• ' .........I.. 

OCi 1 

pici' 

articles u( iron, han- ' ully, and 

for many yrnrr, dt- 'liin two 

feet of th. 

and willii 

nethum. i ri' 

within till- lual 

Ijumau bonrH ^^ 

rrmuvinc pari 

tho then own' . 

dington) rifujrd lu p'^mii unj luoit ul 

U>c hill tu be cleared. Ailjviouij; tv llic 



tumulitH which has hern opened is ano. 
ther, as yet quite undisturbed : and near 
to them are the pits or trenches where it 
is probable the soil was procured to heap 
up tbesc simple and long-enduring resting 
places. Whether Mr. Ben net will sanc- 
tion the removal of the remaining tumuloa 
is not known : it is to l>c bo|>ed he will 
forbid it. 



ROMAN VILLA IN KORMANOY. 

In September, 1838, a valuable piece of 
mosaic, representing Orpheus and Cerei, 
with her attributes, was di.vovered in the 
forest of Brothonne, in Normandy. Since 
then the ArchKologieal Society of Caen 
have extended the researches, and found 
a long suite of Roman apartments, and 
several baths. One of the rooms is 
splendidly deiKirated, and on the walls are 
the finest specimens of mosaic work, re- 
presenting various aquatic birds. On one 
side i^ a large stove, with flues to oooTey 
the heal, and on the hearth were charooal 
and ashes, as fresh as if newly brought 
tliere. Auother room was entirely pavod 
with mosaic, but unfortunately only a 
few fragments remain entire, the rest 
having l>ecn crushed by the falling in of a 
wall. There were also found coins, with 
the profiles of Nero, .\ntoninui, Gallienus, 
Claudius, and other Roman Emperors, 
with bricks, tiles, double-headed nails, 
vases of terra cotta of different ooloun, 
pieces of stone, marble, and glass, and 
several articles in iron, lironie, and ivory, 
beside many stags' horns, boars' tusks, 
and booes of animals. 



ANTIQl'ITtES IK TVLAXCt. 

There has lately been discovered in the 

jround excavated for the Northern Rail- 

' ■ I i;n St. Leu d'Esscvens and 

. .1 girdle of solid gold, wrought 

t..... I cord, having a l--^"^- ^' '■«'-h 

end. 'J'he weight of this " i - 

grammes, and the gold is v:i' 'f- 

It wan found within two feet and a half of 
the snrfare, nnd nn other article was dis- 



.1 



', with a view to 1 
I in the Museum . i r 

litliliotheque Royale nt I'lUi*. It i& huu. 
pnned to beliintr to the (ianli'li prriod. 



null M!nl.".'l)cnl uuiiuub ut the four" 
coruen, tad tome Cotluc charactcn 



!i«T 



^roeeedings in Parliament. 






t the 




-jiirT 

but tlic most 
• I vitrilicd cup. 
It u aiiaiio'A iQii Liii.>aii likr ii disli, but 
tlu oaUiile is enrichnl witli vary >nd 
•pinl OTDameaU in relief; alfoi'Lling » 
arm proof that tlic art of inoiililiiig ia 
w. n ^i.nwi. in aucieut dnyv, and 
K'c of the Romans at 
i • Edupns und previ- 

U> tlie Uui'guodiiiDS. 



KKMAINS (J I :l. 

M. Bona, ihc y,, I at Mo». 

■onl, "'■• "f-rd, t\-.. iilia since, 

BiaL Ions on the iite of an an- 

oeni 11 ted on tLe Tigris, oppo* 

rite tilt- prc.«f lit town of Mossoul, and sup- 
posed to hr thr veittiiE^aof Nineveh. The 
vail 'lie, aa also eome hoge 

pilr^ I stTTcd ns founda> 

boil the kin^t of Assyria. 

In I found the remains 

iifiij - of nhioh arecoverwl 

■ lib iuu-rclu'ia and inscriptions in cunri- 
(Min rlims'-irri!. This is the more im> 

in monu- 
red. The 
.1. Hotitt a 
ms unJcrtnkinfr. 
Literary (j»- 
MtXe ttatci, however, thnl thcs^e ruins 
eanuot be those of Nineceh. The distance 
ii too great. Certain it is thnl it was a 
(art or city on the liighnnr from Resen 
(Nimnid) and Nineveh to Amadiyel, the 
KriMtana of Assyria. 



Air.- - - -.-. 

A rery hating 

been dbcov ^ . ;/hrtodof 

Cunstantine, on Itie left bank of Uie 
Rhutnniel, in Jon<i 1843, n draving of it 
vas made by Captain D<:lan>arc, of tlin 
artillery setrive. and nitniher of the 
Scientific ComriiiKiiun io ' ' " ""d 
traiiyuiilted to the Kreiit'ii ' '^t. 

In conseijuence of this, M. J - 1 n-ii 

received instructions (n undertake ther«> 
moral of the mosaic, for the purpose of 
its being sent over to Paris, •nd plaocd 
either in the mtiseum there or that of 
Versailles. The firsi 
trading the pavement 
baj been successfully 
cording to a process r- 
Lebas, ll>e architect, i 
eions of this mosaic are 7'1-1 
8-36, or rather more than V3 
English ; and the principal compartment 
is about 6i by i)\ feet. Its subject i* 
Neptune and Ampbitrite, two figures of 
the size of life, which arc seen directly in 
front, etnndini; in a car, drawn by four 
sea-burses. These arc attended by two 
winged boys, or genii, who support a 
scroll-like drapery over their hcadj. Tbr 
lower part of the picture is filled up with 
marine penii, some of them sailing in 
bnrk^, others riding on fish and sea- 
monsters. The whole is of admirable ex. 
ccution and in excellent preservation, ex- 
cept that the tesntrtc forming Amphitrite'a 
bracelets, and some other oniaments of 
her drch.'i, have been picked out, whence, 
it is to be presumed, that they were either 
of gold or precious stones. 





of ex- 
zround, 

.a. ae. 
M. 


lutlrct Ujr 
by ■ii' feet 



HISTORICAL CHRONICLE. 



PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT. 



HofsK or (^'OVMONS, June 21. 
l,ord ICoci/ey moved the second read- 
• Emidsikk Bit.i . 
ved Ihal it be rc-id a 
■;ix months. Lord 
ised by this Bill to 
iice of enclosures to 
J \\w TiUit' Col.lllii^siuncr^, but he pro- 
I poMni that ('uinmif^ioncrs so appointed 
undi ' " "' -hould not bold omcc for 
a If/ 1 ilmii five yeum after the 

• ■•■■■ .\ct. lie believed that 

of common luiid uiiKJit be 
-L^lli: _ ' '' '" this eouiitiy, at an 

ul iictc ; but Mippose 

' acres could be en- 
It ' ■ 1 I'ci'-. which 
1 loi f> ueiii((. 



lupying the time of the House unnecei* 
snrily in bringing forfriird this meosiire. 
Alter some discussion the Mouse divided; 
fcr the second rending, 61; ngainst it, ♦ j 
nisjotity, 60. 

Junt 23. Wi.NTER Gaol Di:Lm:nv. 
In reply to -Mr. /. S. Worthy, Sir J. Gia- 
ham tuid, (bill, on account oftbc crowded 
stiile ol the t;noU through the long inter, 
vol bil"een the bumnier mid the spring 
Hosijcs, ilie Governimiit hud come to ihe 
eonrliision to adviue Her M>i!'-'« i" --i... 
u ruiiimlksion for holiling un < 
n^siie, which would be eifeiii: 
out the whole of England mid Wiilei-. 
The new UKsilcs would he held in the 
\- '.. -0 fiir as 111' " li 

I Hull bail I 

' '■. oiild prol , . I 



Proeeedirufi in ParJiatHtnt. 



[Angt. 



: 



week in December. The turn of 3,000/. 
ha' been voisd in committee of supply for 
(bis object. 

June 'jlT. Sir T. Wilde moved that n Se- 
lect Committee should bo appointed to in- 
quire into the progress mnde in currying 
into effect the recommendntions of Air. 
Kowland Hill for Post OrFici- improve. 
The Chancfllor of tht ICjrchequer Bsid 
th»t Mr. Hill hnd been engnged for two 
years, and a third had been added. The 
duties of the measure then fairly devolved 
upon the Secretary of the Treasury. Ho 
bad no objection to a Committee for ln> 
quirini^ how the plan had been carried 
into effect by the Government. The 
Committee was then agreed to, omitting 
the name of Mr. Hill. 

On the motion of Mr. MaekinnoH, a 
Select Committee was appointed to in- 
quire into the means and tlie eipediem-y 
of preventing the nuisance of 8moki: 
arising from tires or lurniicef. 

June 30. Mr. Hume movid the discon- 
tinuance of the pension of Sil,000/. to the 
King ok Hanover, on the ground "that 
the payment of a pension to an independ- 
ent foreign Sovereign from the taxes of 
the United Kingdom i.'i a wa.'ilc of public 
money, and unjust to the people of Kng. 
land." Ayes 197, Noes 91. 

July i. Mr. Wi/Ziiiw O'flrieti brouRJit 
forward a motion lor the KiunKsg or 
Origvanvkb in Ihki.and, in the follow- 
ing terms; " That this Houac will re- 
solve itself into a Committee, for the 
purpose of taking into consideration the 
cause* of the discontent iit present pre- 
vailing in Ireland, with a view to the re- 
dress of grievances, and to the establlsh- 
ment of a system of just and impartiHl 
govcmmeiit in that part of the United 
Kingdom." The dciaile «»s adjourned, 
and resumed on ihc 7lli, when it was 
further adjourned to the lOlh, and ngaiii 
to the lltb Julv.wWw a diviiiun took 
place. Ayes I til-, Noes iU. Sir R. 
/*<e/ addressed the House on Monday the 
10th. He begun by di'trlniming any In- 
tention of puMy Kin; anil then 
proceeded tu di ,( ilii" alleged 

gricvoiiccs. 1 1 ' " II- 

iiiaty grant' dim: im 

arid iiilrtttii' i<i .\y 

|iiiive«t, iind 

'iMOMofflkcaf 

J .lUII. lie till-' 

rl by him to 1 1' 

r*" • 



fcf tl 
fcrv ii 



10 



the Government had en- ''- ' , ■,. 

tcrests to their views . 

and several instances w< :. Ij 

Irishmen had been spontaneously ap. 
pointed to the public service in ICngland, 
in preference to English or ."Scotch «in- 
didstes. With respect to thecunsiniction 
of railways, he had some doubt of the 
propriety of taxing one part of the coun- 
try for the benclit of the other, unless 
there vms a certainty that the railway 
would become pmfilable ; for otherwise 
it would only give a stimulus for the mo- 
meiit, followed by a greater state of de- 
pression than that which it was intended 
to remedy. In reply to an observation 
of Lord Howick's, he said that the Ko- 
man Catholics now enjoyed equal civil 
rights as the other subjects of the ( Irowu, 
and that the oaths were so altered that 
the olfeiisive portions relating to Iransub- 
staniiulion were abolished. " I am asked," 
said the Kight Hon. BarvincI, " what course 
I intend to pursue? ' Occlare your 
course," is the demand, I am prepared 
to pursue that course which I consider I 
have pursued, namely, to administer the 
government ol Ireland upon the principles 
ol justice and impartiality. I am prepared 
to recognise the principle estabbshed by 
law, that there shall be equality of civil 
(irivileges. I am pre|)arod in resjiect of 
(he franchise to give a substantial and not 
a tictiliruis right of Kuffnsge. In respeetj 
tn the social condition ol Ireland we ar 
I' ' ' '—but that Is a mailer for It 

; I wc all feel that nn partii 

iiK 4ill be proper or effective— w*'] 

arc prepared to consider the relalions of 

Landlord and Tenant deliberately, and i ~ 

the im|>ortnnt questions involved tberein<l 

M'ifh respect to the Established I )hnr<-h,f 

we arc ii'H prepared to 111 i' 

in the law by wliicli ih 

revenues Khali be impaiic.. t | 

ashamed tn act with care and ■ 

and he claimed for the OoV' 

right to decide upon the application 

the existing law, or upon the necessity ( 

ut-ltlng I'arliamciii >f co>' 

ricinn. If the 'irises 

he kii. ■■• t 

the »i in to bci" d I 

hIiIi ■ I- mIh'Ii i: itl 



nnttl IheyrMHild (niid«i«t(a 



lU (..auiUlUUC un LLC AmU (lJlt!lLA>i>) 

Uu.t.. 



lS-13.-] 



Foreign NcwM.—DomeiHc Ocairrencei. 



193 



H..ir«r op Lords. June 27. 
'1 if London, ill moving the 

lecot of tlif Ciii'ioii Endow. 

M£Nr IJILI., cuid, it wan h measure ihat 
ntt cilciiliitrd lo jirovr a Nitliiable benefit 
lo il ' uiitry. It had 

bri' >>le unaiiimily 

In iiii ,L .. I'.irliument, and 

he trukted, imy, lie was siirr, i( would be 
i<r«*ir«d ill the Mme >j)irit by ibeir Lord- 



ships. Indeed, considering the nature of 
the Bill, sppiiig th»t its sole object wm to 
ullow ili<> ("liiirch, from her own resources, 
to provide n remedy for the spiritual des- 
titution which existed in mnny pnrts of 
the country, he did not anticipate that it 
would iniTl with any opposition. After 
a few words from Ix)rd Monteaylfi and 
Lord Drovgham, tbe Bill was read o se- 
cond time. 



FOREIGN NEWS. 



(PAtM, 

be insurrectionary movement agnint 
rtero has been extending; in various 
pnts of the country. One of the allfRed 
raiisi:* of discontent is the recent botn- 
btrdnient of Barcelona; another avowed 
objert is to procure tlie decluration that 
tb* Quren wac. now of nge, and thus pet 
rid at once ol the Reeeni and of the pre- 
trntdons of the ex Queen Itegenl. A 
pioviaiiMial jnntii hns been established in 
Catalonia, and Colonel I'rim is reprc- 
wnted to be at the head ol a eonsidemble 
body uf insurgents. t'ornima dci'lnrcd 
ilvll in their favour on the I8lh of June, 
and Seville on the 19th. Esp.irtero lelt 
Madrid for Vnlencia on the 21st June. 
The troop' preceded him on the 2t1ih, 
to the number of (5,00(1 infunir)-, two 
regiments of im-alry, and lo pieces of 
artillery. Thi< force would be joined by 
large detnchmenH from other parts of the 
kingdom. It was believed that after re- 
ducing Valencia be would establish bis 
head-quarters in the village of Roda. 
This position would enable him to eum- 
muntcate with the right tving of his army 
operating in Andalusia, under the orders 
of Uriiefals Van lUlen and Inliiiite, and 
with the left « ing commanded by (iencrals 
Scoane and Zurbanu. On the llth July 
Madiid was declared in a state of war ; 
but it was at the same time announced 



that the Qneen wonld not leave lb*_ 
capital. 

CH1I.I. 

On the IStb of March Valparaiso w«» 
the scene of n calamity such as has never 
before been eqnuUed in Chili, by a fire 
which broke out in the morning and 
destroyed ii great part of the city. The 
damage is rouslily, though perhaps over, 
estimated nt WU.OOO/. Of the goods 
destroyed or injuicd, 3,600 bales of mer. 
chandise am enumerated. The \ti1uc of 
the whole is estimated at 570,000 dollars, 
or somewhere about 11.5,000^ 



A file broke out at Copenhagen on the 
night of the 20th of June, and destroyed a 
great part of the richest quarter of tbe city, 
the Christiunsbaron, which contained ex- 
tensive warehouses and stores. The total 
loss of property is estimated at 2,000,000 
of rix bank dolbirs.or 6,000,000 of francs. 

SANDWICH ISLANDB. 

Tbe King of these islands recently made 
over the whole of them as a ransom lo 
Lord G. Paulet, who took possession of 
them forGreat Britain urililhereceived fur- 
ther instructions. Tbe Government at 
home has, however, decided that they shall 
remain as an independent kingdom, and a 
treaty of commerce has been concluded. 



DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES. 



Junt 89. Her tloyal Highness the 
friniT'^ Augusta Caroline Charlotte 
" Mary Sophia Louisa, eldest 



ol Uis Royal 



Royal 

Ch.rl- 

Uvw 
Icnl.i 
Bockuighuui 



Highness the 
" irmrricd lo His 

ck William 

... : \.lr<liillin f.ili. 

ry tirand I ' 

I, in the ( i 

falace. The mcniUvrs of 



(ixtrr. Mao. Vol. XX. 



the royiil family, and other royal and illiis 
trious vititors, assembled in the Drawing 
Room at half past eight o'clock in th« 
evening. Her itoyal Highness the Prin- 
cess Augusta Caroline, upon her arrival, 
was, with ber suite, conducted to a loom 
niliuiiiing the Drawing Room. Tbi 
I Duke, upon bis arrival at tl 
e, was condurMd to tbe Drawii 
IUjuiii. Tbe Ambaasadori, Foreign Mf 
9C 



d 



194 



Domestic Occurrences. 



[Aug. 



nisters, Cabinet Miniitcrt, and othcre in. 

vited to the tolcmnity, B<^cmb1ed in the 

Liibrary, at Buckingham Palace, at eight 

I'cloclt, and, upon their arrivnl, were 

onducted hy the Officers of Arms to 

eats provided for them in thi! Clinpel. 

The Archbishops of Cantfrburv and 

fork, the Biahop of London, the Bishop 

of NorHicb (Clerk of the Closet), with 

the Dean of CarliRle (Rector of St. 

George's, H«nover-sq\iure), the Hon. and 

Rev. CharleB Leslie Courtenay (Do- 



mestic Chaplain to Her Majetty), Arch, 
deacon W'ilbcrforce, and Lord Wriolhes- 
Icy Riifsell, f'nnon of Windsor (Chap- 
lains to bin Royal Hij:hnes» Prince AU 
liert), and the Rev. Evnn Ncpean, as. 
semiiled in the room adjoining the Old 
Dining Room. 

At »oon M the visitors had taken their 
seals, the Procession of Her Majesty 
having been formed, moved ft^ora the 
Queen's apartments in the lollowtng 1 
order : 



Lancaster Herald, 
A. W. Woods, Eb.i 
Equerry in Waiting to H. R. H. 
Prince Albert, Maj.-Gen. Sir 
E. Bowater, K.C.H. 

Comptroller of the Household, 
Rt. Hon. Geo. Lionel Dawson Dumer. 
Gentleman Usher of the Privy Chamber, 
Charles Heneage, Esq. 
Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, 

carryini! his Hod, 
Sir Aug, Wm. James Cliflbrd, Bart. 
Groom of the Bedchamber 
ti) H. R. H. Prince Albert, 
I General Sir George Anson, G.t'.B, 

Lord of the Bedchamber to Prince Albert, 
Lord George Lennox. 



Windsor Herald, 
R. Laurie, Esq, 
Clerk Marshal, Equerry in Wailing ! 

Lieut.-Col. Lord Charles to the Queen, 

WcUesley. Col. Edw. Buckley. 

Treasurer of the Household, 
£arl Jemiyn. 
Gent. Usher Daily Wnltcr, and to the 
Sword of State, Sir Willinm Martins. 
Garter Principal King of Arms, 

carrying liis Sceptre, 
Sir Charles George Young, Knt. 
Groom in Walung 
to ihe QiircM, 
Capt. Hon, Arihur Diincombc, R.N. 
l,ord inWuiting to the Queen. 
Viscount Hawiirden. 



Their Serene Highnesses llic Prince and Piiiicess Peter of Oldenburi;, 

tbe Prince attended by Mons. Lcrcbe, nnd the Princess by Madame de Mallzoff, 

His Serene Highness tbe Prince Reuss Lobenstein Eberadorff, 

attended by Baron dc Bcust. 

His Royal Highness Prince Gcorite, 

attended by Lieutenant- Colonel Sir William Davison, K, H. 

His Royal Highness the Crown Prince of Wnrlembnrg, 

attended by Gcncml Baron de Maucler and Comic dc Zeppelin. 

H. R. H. the Duche«s of Cambridge and H. K. H. Princess Mary, attended by 

Lady Augusta Somerset, and Major-Oen, Sir James H. Rcyneti, K.C.H. 

Her Royul Highness Ihe Duchess of Kent, 

juttended by Lady Anna Maria Dawson, and Colonel Sir George Couper, Bart. C.B»' 

Her Koyal Highness the Duchess of Oiouccsler, 

attended by Lady Gcorgianu Bathursi, and Cupt. the Hon. G. A. K. Liddell. 

The King and Quoen nl Ihe Relgiiins, 

the King attended by Baron de Dicskan, and Count Mocrkerke : 

the Queen Htlendcd by La Comtcsse Vilaln XIV. 

The Lord Steward, The Lord Chamberlain, 

Earl of Liverpool. Earl De La Warr. 

The QUEEN and His Roj-al Hiphnc=5 PRINCE ALBERT. 
Matter of the Hofi Groom of the Stole 

to the Queen, to H. R. H. Prince Albert, 

^Xail of Jersey, G.C.H. Alarquess of Euter, Vi.Q. ' 

Lady of the D<'dclmw>i«r in Waiting, Countess of Duiimorr. 
Maids of Uoanur in Wailing, 
Hon. Mitt Matilda Paget. Lady Caroline Somen Cooka, 

Bedchamber Woman In W ■. Gardner. 

, of Yeomen of Ootrd, (7old Stick i . ,. C«pt. of (funt. at Atmt... 

Earl of Beverley. Oen. ViAi. Combcrinen;, (>.C.B. tioni Komtttr. 



18431 



Domettic Oenrrenres. 



l<>fi 



MmU- 
Hon. Om! 

Silver :^I'.rK m \*uKiris:, 
WlllUm Richudion, K. II. Cutld«. 



■M. 

irrey. 



Muter of the Uuckbounilc, 
E«rl of Komlyn. 
Field Offirrr in Bri^dc Wilting, 
Col. Rohurt Ellison, Grcn. Giurdi. 



' ^nd Bridegroom, with their 

• n I attendant!!. retn'ainL*d in 

tiv till her .Mn. 

It' il the (^liDpvl. 

T 'the HouiieboM 

«i; 'rcnionies were 

ill <|iel ; and, upon 

liw rtiUaiice ul the (^utteii's Proceasion, 
the Officers of Arms and Officer* of the 
H' ' 1 themselves on either 

il<! ;(-e-(.'hiimberlain, fts- 

I - .1 of the Ceremonies, 

the riiyiil niid illustrioui per- 
lo the Sfntii provided lor tbeni 
Ml thei kaiit-piis. Her Mnjesty the 

Ririimund Herald, 
J. Piitmitn, Eeq. 
Orooin in Waiting to the Queen, 
CapL the llou. Arthur Duneombe, R.N. 
Orooin of the Stole to I'rince Albert, 
MtrqueH of Exeter, K.O. 



Queen, the Prince Albert, and the other 
RojitI and Illustrious Personai;es, hiving 
taken their seats, the great olTieers of the 
household and the Mietiess of the RobM 
look their places near the Queen and hia 
Koj-bI Highness. The attendants form* 
ing the suites of the royal family and il- 
lustrious visitors arranged themselves on 
either side. The Lord Chamberlain, ac- 
companied by the Groom of the Stole to 
the Prince Albert, and the Lord and 
Groom in Waiting to her Majesty, re- 
turned to the royal apartments, and con- 
ducted the Bridegroom to the Chapel in 
the folloning order : 

Bridegroom's Gent, of Honour, Chester Herald, 

Major Henry Sykes Stephens. W. A. Blount, Esq. 



Lord ill Waiting to the Queen, 
Viscount Hawardcii. 
Lord Chamberlain, 
Eurl Do La Warr. 



THE BRIDEGROOM. 

•opport«<l un the right by the Ouku of Beaufort, K.G., and on the left by the Duk« 

of Uevonshire, K.G. and attended by Baron Bemstorff. 

tbe King uf Hanover and the Duke of 
Cambridge to the Bride, whose Pro- 
cession then moved in the following 
order ; 



d 



MU Royal Highness having been «o 
conducted to the Cbopel, and having 
taken his teat, the Lord I 'humherlniii, ac- 
eom|uknicd as before, returned to the royal 
apttitnieiits, and conducted his Majesty 



chmond Herald, The Bride's Gentleman o( Honour, Chester Herald, 

I. Pulmnn, Esq. Cnpl, Baron Kiiescbeek. W, A, Bluunt, Esq. 

Groom in Waiting to tbe Queen, Lord in Waiting to the Queen, 

Capt. the lion. Arthur Duneombe, R.N, Viscount Han-urden. 

Groom of the Stole to Prince Albert, The Lord Chamberlain, 

Marquess of Exeter, K.O. Earl De Lu Warr, 

thp: bride, 

supported on the ripht by His Mnjesly the King of IlHiiovcr, 

and on the left by His Koyal illghiuss the Diikc of Cambridge; 

the train of Her Royal Highness being borne by 

Lady Alexandrinu \'nne. Lady Elizabeth Levccon Gowcr, 

Lady Mary C^ampbell, Lady Clementina VillicrB. 

Lady in Waiting on H. R. Highness, Baroness de Nermann. 

Atlrndunla on thii King of Hanover, General Boron HaitorfT, Baron Miilortic, 

B^ion Fiiti'ke, Baron Keilzenstrin, and Captain Scliker. 

Attendant un the Duke of Cambridge, Colonel Keate. 

Tbe Bride hiving been conducted to vice (being the annivermry of her Mk. 

' ' ' - ' ' ' I-:-'--- ■ ,) of. joty's f^oronntion). the Queen's pHvalo 

I heir banil a*siiiting. The Bndr was given 

it/ury onay by her lather the Duke »f Cam- 

C Upon the en- bridge. Tbe psalm was suni? by thogrti- 

It. the eha|icl, tbe llemen chorister* of tbe Ciiaprl Koyal; 

CuiuiMliun . ivirmcd pre- and, unun the conclusion of the aerrice, 

Tioui to ibe 'I Lb» Mir- the llallcliijah Chorus was tung. 



196 



Domettk Occurrences. 



[Aug. 



Tlie reroinony being over, the BriHc, 
led by the Bridegroom, left tlio I'hupi'l, 
■rcomiianied by tbcir suiiportcrs mid at- 
tendantt, and, preceded by the Vice- 
ChamberUin, Treasurer of the Hoiiscbold, 
and Chester and Hicbmond Heralds, pro- 
ceeded to the Library. The Queen'* 
Procession, on leaving the Chapel, ro- 
tuincd in the same order to the Library, 
where the registration of the Marriage 
was made and attested with the usual lor- 
inaliiies. The Queen, Prince Albert, 
the Bride and Bridegroom, the Royal 
Family, and the rest of the Company, 
then proceeded through the Great Hall, 
nnd up the gmnd staircnsc to the state 
apartments, where a large evening party 
invited by her Majesty was assembled. 

The Bride and Bridegroom arrived at 
Kcw Bt twelve o'clock under n Uojal 
nJute. Illuminations rendered the scene 
■Imost as distinrt as in open daylighl, 
and crowds were assembled to witness the 
arrivul of the illustrious pair, who were 
received with loud acclan)at'iOns, In a 
few minutes after, fireworks commenced, 
which lasted for upwards of an hour. 
The Hereditary Grand Duke and Duchess 
lefl Kew on Monday July 3, and pro- 
cceded to Dover, where they embarked 
on Tuesday for Calais. 

His Majesty the King of Hanover lias 
remained in England during (lie month, 
and has been fully engaged both in public 
and private companies. Their Majesties 
the King and Queen of the Belgians 
landed at Woolwich from Ostend, on the 
2Jrd of June, and took their departmc on 
the 12th of July. 

The proceedings of the Rebecca rioters 
i-oulinuc to keep the counties of Car. 
tnartben and (rlamorgan in a state of 
ferment. They were expected to attack 
the town ol Cuimarlhen on Sunday the 
iMlh oT June, but did nut come. On the 
following morning, however, at twelve 
u'clock, several thousands, ol the rioters 
wrie seen appronrliing, about 9lK) being 
on horseback, with one in Iront disguised 
with » woiniiii's einis to represent Re. 
bcicn, anil (roni 7,()IK) to N.tNH) on foot, 
walking about M or 1,3 abnii>t. Kvery 
man was armed with a bludgeon, and 
aome ul them had pi^toU. At their head 
were eairicd two banners, iMuring In. 
scriptioiisin Welsh, ol" Freedom, Liberty, 
and Better Feed ;" and "' Fiee 'IViIl uml 
Ijbciiy." On reaching the wntkhmiNe, 
they biuke open iii' i.ut. < <.i il,,' .lin.i m 
front, and, husj 
the bouse, thi v 

the furniture, 'miU lliitw liii lieds uiid 
bcddinc out o( the windows. While they 
were thus pursuitig the work of dettiuc. 
Uon, a tipoi) of the 4ih Light Uragooot 



arrived from Neath, and luiving entered 
the court succeeded in taking all those ( 
within prisoners, about 2j0 in number, 
during which time they were pelted with 
stones and other missiles. The Kiut j 
Act being read, and « cry being raised that 
the soldiers were going to charge, the 1 
mob fled in every direction, leaving more i 
than (M horses, besides the above { 
prisoners, in the hands of the captor*. 

June 87. The New Infant Orphan 
Asylum nt Wantleail, the founduLioil i 
stone of which was laid by liia Hoyal [ 
Highness Prince Albert, on the Sitb oFl 
July, lull, was opened by his Majesty ( 
the King of the Belgians, who graciously < 
became his nephew's lieutenant because I 
thR Prince was suffering from a cold.] 
His Majesty was received at Lea Dridgei < 
which connects the counties of Middlesex j 
and Essex, by a detachment of the West ' 
Essex Yeomanry Cavalry, under the eotii'. ( 
inand of Col. Bulnicr, who had the I 
honour of escorting his Majesty tu the I 
asylum. On the uriival ot the proces- 
sion the band of the Coldstream Guards 
commenced playing the national anibem, 
and the King ol the Belgians and his suite 
were met by the stewards, the committee, 
the infant children attended by their 
teachers, the Lord Mayor, ihc Sheriffs, 
and the clergy, who pieceded his jMajcsty I 
to the building, and conducted him to the 
ruminillee-ronin, where his Majesty waa 
received by the Marquess o( Westminster, 
Earl Maiiveis, the young Earl of Coventry 
(himself an orphan of five years of oge), J 
Lord R. Grosvenor, M.P. Sic. &c. 'The 
King ol the Belgians, alter the tnlroduc 
tiuns had taken place, made the first 
entry in the visitors' liook by affixing hia^ 
autograph, niter which the iitibllity audi 
gentry present also entcicd their names. 
Pi'iiice Albert sent u donation of lUtf| 
guineas, to which the King of the UeU 
gians added the same amount, Hi» M»-J 
jcsty proposed the toast of "' Pio«|>ettty* 
to the Infant Orphan Asylum," " No- 
thing.'' observed his .Majesty, "could 
give me greater pleasure than being pre- 
sent on an occasion like (his; although I 
lane dec|ily to regret the c.nuse, vit. the, 
iiiillsprisiiio'n of my beloved relatives 
Piincc Albert ; but, thank God, bii 
Royal Highness is not seriously india 
tiOBcd. Had It not been for Uie advice i 
Ir ' ■ ' would bni 

I 'ty: but i 

II In lliiiv 



itwtw. 



el 

iill'tu U' iij.iMir.ii of 





^^^^^^^^'^^^^^^^^^^^^^l 




rROMOTlOXS, PREFERMENTS, &c. ^^ 




OAZLTTt rROHOnONS. 


^l9l Pool, to be Captain uf Geullciiicii Cadcla 

nf the Roral Mllitair Collcce — C«|it. T. Outlet, 

I'.ipt. 51st Foot, and hrevpt Midor in Ibfl 

ibc latter coincai<i9ic>Q dated loih Jan. 

... . .^. ,, , " * !(■ 


^^^^^^7l>" 


, . -T' .. - - - - .1... 1 .. > .-..> 


^^1 uf 1 




^^1 li 1 




^^V Mo> 




"f 

,|l 


^^B 


V II. mi— 


Julij H. 1- '1. 


^^B Tu*^' 


, 10 accept 


ijisccUcs III ii 


^^P tttr 


- Ill , tni» 


PrnVo to I.I- . .'t. 

ii|it. t:. \\, Ki.r.-N 1 ' r.ant.. 

1.— 1st Foot, IJeul nlobe 

■ Col. ; brrvi-t Mn: :l to be 


^^K 


ill- 


M.-y. r.— ;5lli 1 • ■ ,-iu 
Maclean lo 1. 


^B u>. 


' av. 


^^^^p 


..m- 


.\. S. II. A; il.. 
i .1 « llniniiu, MllO i-\- 

;, .Slad Siiijeon, *l clasa, 










^^m uu- 


j iiiH-ni '11 » ■■iim.iiii ) 1 III Ml y 


■ .nl- 


^^1 — < 1 


Vsiidrleur, ev|. lu be tol. of 


1. 


^^H Ibt 


• ■■ '-niLR Art. 


1 III 
.N'.r'h lliil.liii.— \Ni-l Ki'iii'^: 1 '-t'lii.-iiity *.:a- 


^^H 11 


..fCliarlr- 


valry, (jcockc I'ollftrd. es'j. lobe .Mnjoi.' 


^H Ibc 


. Snii Frr- 


./«/y 20- Iticlmri) (iravi-v M.niDoTiiiell, cat). 


^^H mil' 


(•jiUiijlir, 


lu be J iid(;e of 11'' : niciits itt 


^^1 con 


• 1 in I»10, 


tlio Gainbm.— Uc'i ..erni. to 


^^H •! 


,i- liilo civil 


be Surgeon of Her .1 . ntsintbe 


^^^H Wat 




FjilklAud Islamli. -- -^l.^^l.i.|■■.ll!nl.^-Katheriao 


^^H 


1 .cM.SirniKrIfs Jscnts Napiir, 


(:(ivetitr>-, only Bister of Gcorijc WillL-im now 


^H K.< 


B.— Til lipfninpitiii'ii* of the 


I'jirl of Covcntrv-. tn bavo ttic snirc preee. 


^^^■Mftti 


:ti.T, 


deuce a» if lier i .^ 1 lo 


^^^■■l 1 


f'liiT- 


the said title and ■' 




1 ool. 


July 21. 44lh 1 A, 
S|>eiicer. fnnn 43il 1 "nr, l,. li. M.ii.ii , ijtii 




!'•«- 


^^B 


Sirr- 


FiHil, Mnjor J. W Hnndiilpli, from 9«lh Foot, 


^^B 


1 nv. 


to be M«|ur.— Villi Font, iMiyor Jamca Urovm, 
from 57tli Foot, to be Mn)or. 


^H L<' 


Nat. 


^H lui 


lUU- 




^H 3I-' 


lllc. 

Mill 


Naval Puomotions. 


^H B" 


IV.; 


J/ij>oitilmrnrt.—i:u\>t. 3. A. Duatie, to the 
Fisffnrdt Opt H. An«tiii, r.n. to the C'y- 


^^1 


.I'lhn 


^H U" 


.; i 1 itiiiah. 


cll'i . : r . . . . to the 


^^1 ' 


1 1 ; Miynrs 


Vii Lieut. A. 


^H I'll ' 


.v.; Mlrh, 


Fai J ' loRear- 


^^B 


; M . 1'. Wliillic, 


Adihir.ii iiiiiM.-; inpi-. 1.11. rrcinantle. 


^^l u< 


, I21li Uonili. N. 


to the Inconstant ; Robert FWir, K li. to Ibe 


^H If. I 


1. V liif : .Mich- 


Conway. 




■ >inb. 
Int. 


ECCLEKIASTICAI. PmcrRRMENTfi. 


^^H n< 




Itev. W. An-'"'- 1''- >'. .1.-. 1 ..I- ■.•... ^.,„^^ 


^^H 




Olid Ibe i; 


^^^H 




Rev. J. A.I ;. 


^^1 




Kev. T. Aiii I'.m, 


^^H 




lU'v J. A«l lijesbire. 


^^^H tti' 




Uev. F. Id 


^^H 


'1111 n[ (irii- 


Rev. K. 11. i.... KM.i.i ,■■. .nil,, 1.. ..iiiiiliin R. 


■ ^,\ 


K 111 lilt' 


rVrbyiihire, 


\ T Hfiil, 


Re^ Mr. IViimnev. HI. «ld«ieir. V.C. ICieter, 


^^H 




Kev. J.Cii'i ■ '' " 


^^1 




lUv. \V. 11 \. 


^^H 




Ilev, W. 1 ler. 


^H '''" 




Re^. J. T. < . r;.-i..i-li, n.1"."" .. i ."i^-iiil*. 

Rev. t:. J. Kislier, Ovlngton and Tllbiiry R. 


^^H 




^^H 




Kfiaes. 


^^H 


.'■111, 


Rrv.O.^ I' ■'■■■- '" ^-' 


^^H 




Iti^V. 11. II 




I'l.inn* 


lU'V. J.V> 


^^^ Jul 


^r i.( t!i- :-,ii I'-'iH' i.niiii III ni'i'iiimy <jf 
C«Iir uf Ouoif Iliipc,— C^pt. tt. Uiil), «( lUc 


Rev. H, lllll. .-I t..-Ull:,.i|.^ i .. I,..,,,,..... 


L "** 


iU'v. K. Uotrard, Llaorbuadi B. Ueiibigluli. 



198 



Birthx and Marriages. 



[Aug. 



I Rev. J. Ji'livll. lUyikridee R. Sofflfnetshirc. 
|K^'V. U. A. Jolin»lone, Wrst norndon mid In- 

llU-v. II. Jo.."- ' '~" ' " '•■-.■■■.- 

llipv. wc. ; 

IRcv. J. Iviij- 

I r.C. Mnnclioslcr. 
[ Kcr. I). Mi.rpii. Ham R. Wilts. 
I Bf V. J. Kolilnsun, St. Ii«wren« V. Vork. 
[ Rev. W. C. KnuEliloii, HwrimJon V. Npiisli. 
[ R«v. *■. V. 81iuckburi^li. L'llinff V. K-ssex. 
Bry. M. ■nn>iui«,l"U(ldi'uh«rn v. SntTolk. 
I Rev. £. U. iiniltli, Killuiuu-ili P.C. Uerliyili. 

t'u*rLAiKS. 
B«T. W. J. U. UnUitni, to tho lUrl nf NVuMp- 

Rev, H. C. Han, lo llie Diikr or Artryll. 



Civil PhI.IM KM f.\ 1 .^. 



H.n I 

on 

John 



Mill I........ ■ . . , U rresi. 

ilviit, Mr livnj. hroilii*. Hurt. rikI Smiiilpl 
I'oopir. p»n. \ iciv|>r<'5i<leiil» uf tlic Culiefe 



Offi 

[Biv. ■■ 

chin 

Pri 
, 111. ■ 
Rer. I 

ll.r 
T. II 

, •'■'• 
' Rev. i> 

S^^^ 
iBev.i- 

Cull. ^ ... 

nt M'.Titri-nl. 
I Rev. W. Fletrhri tu )if Head Mniilcr of Ihn 

Cullrgixic Urammiu' Scliiiul, Stoulknnll. 



fiom the Cuiftf jr of Whit- 
t. has liet'ii apiMiiiiled Vicr- 

I i...,r.,...., ..I M..l,oto»tics 

'I'lll. 

:ici|»l of 

10 Im' lloaU MMtcr of the 

liool of Yon-bridir<?. Yorksli. 

.,. 1. , M^stpr „f aidiiey- 

■riiftlipPuhlU: 

.11, .,wM.,, ... Lh! eAtahlifthcil 



BIRTHS, 

jHxt II. At Wcnlwon 
, MUion, » lUu. — -19. A 
1 thcwifpof ihr Iti-v. W. I 

— 19. M Louth, the wi!. i.l I . C. .1. Uiiiu', 

I t^ii. • son. 21. At Uiiwood Hall, tin- wHe 

of II.-1I11 N\ li.sl.r....k.-. .-..I ,1 .III,-. -rl. \l 

I ■ ' ,■ . 



Priory, .Mr». Dolmr Ra.i 

l>o^>lalM'ti<.ii..r, Ijl(\y CIdi 
Ill K<linl>.inrh, the v 



WitO 01 

- — A I 



Mnior Uurrowp^, a son. 

.f»/v I. At Uvaileil lIoiiRr, 
ladv of Sir II. dorr llooti' ■. - 
Heading, thp vrlfr of MH' 

At ChalTbnl, Kent, . 

TuriifT, pa.i, n Noll. ... ... 

8onn'r*et, tno irifc of r,dfrnr.l ' 
esij. a aoii. fl. Ilir «ifc of Ar- 

Aclaiid, e.Hij. a dan 7 * ' ' ' 

wlf<? of tht. K<-i J. T. |- 

8. At Akcston, War.- 

n-- '■■ i^^- •■■< I — ■ '' 



a 1 

of 



rrland. 



tlip 
\t 



, ft son. 1». At Hiich Leigh, 

Tvlfe of Cai't. Kgertou Leigh, ■ 



4 



MARKI.AfJKS. 



'■^n, of John J, I'ryoi, km{. 

^^"r.i r.;.inifl ,-nllM.i. r.^,^, 

■f 



Ri(.l>' 

Jrbli 
ada.'. 
BOn. . 



the Oiuid Uuchy ul .MccU.ubuigh 
II, 

(.iiN.i... \..if..ik. Willin.ii Ilia. tn..„,l, 
I. 



1 



^V 1848.] Marriage*. 


m 


^^^Ug^^ '^' F.xrtcr. RrrinnliI Danriu. 


IVbtco 


Vir^^ of Holmpr. ind rii«t<_i« of th« 


^^^^K^v , 




■t 


^^^^^^^^Ft 






^^^^^^^^^^^^^^k « 






BHBV 




.,..„,.. „o^ 


^^^nguui.1 




s 


^^^^^^■|h|*< 


b. 


ile« 11. Gla^^l 




win, ( 


■nrUiu-Eilt^^H 




)>i-t), 


. '.<>a, Isle ><<^^H 

' :ifruArt)it-iiiili. DaniiLrwi^^^l 

> . Uaiiilllu. lu llrlriM-Kli^^V 

V iliiM of K. lUby, c*q. ISrro- ' 


^H R.T 




,[.i-(*in.ir..'»«nl. S.illi^n I>rske. 


^^V I-rn- 


tlic In 




^H 


M 


'(• 


^K .-. 


oriu, 


-. ;lio 


^H mr:: >ol. tl-Ml. C.U. klC (>r 


l»l<r J 




^H ih» < 


14 


Joliu lliiynt*. 


^^H 1,. i;..' Ri'i 


i;. , 1 


u.lI.. :i.-..i!.r«, 


^^K SI. 




'10 


^H i^' 




•'• 


^^^^Li^ ; 




'» 


^^^■^bv liu. Ill AlcxaiiUri CuniniiiiE, 




t. 






1.0 

■ liu 


^^^^Hp^Z!?. „ , 


..... .;- 




^^^^^^nri IJpi). bainiivl 


MOTir. 




^^^^H^Hr' 


15 


\r IjnliyilrwK. Ncvil Xornav. ecq, 


^^p^.. •■ ■■ 


1 .....1 


1.' V t.. I...I.ll..( ^ll...r.«^. .,..U .-I..I.) of 


^^H IIK' 




1 11- 


^■^ «'ii ' 




■ w 

-est 

linK. U) 
. (J. 1). 


^^^pVr?' 






^^M Inl' i 


17 


_-liton. Fred. B. New- 


^^B 1*. - 


Ion 1 


i(^t Burrivin? son of 


^^^p 


v.... . 


1 " "•■-' -'1 10 

■ '!« 

.C. 

1... •■ ■ .-.<!• 


^H *)' 




■rkirk, to tXtrftLttx- 


^1 #' 




'.nfLiput.-Gcn. OnU, 


^H Mu. ;-■■' 




'■'■■■'•■•■'■■.nl. 


^^H MHM^< '"»>. M the l*tc John 




ry 


^^F "v.. — 




■ r- 
i.to 


^K ii> 1 




,!(• 


^H iiit> 




It, 


^H b*-' 




i.f 


^^H IftHI 




i\ 


^^H " ' 




'■'■**• 


^^K jiwi. 




11 


■ IE', 




'1 


r W)^ 




If 


L vui 




'!. 



200 



Marriagfii, 



CAiipr.' 



I 



to Eliu, fourth (l«ii. of IhpUtPjolinMolj-noiiv, 
es4|. ami enintl-rtflii. ^}f the late Riuht Hon. Sir 
Ca|H*l Moijnrux, Bart. 

19. At lliittpvnnt, Krwleriok John Rawlins, 
est). 5011 i)f the Rev. Christopher Hawlitis, of 
Hiiltoii, Kent, to M.irtha-Aitne, dau. of Juiiies 
Norcott, omj. Sphii'iii-M ' " 1 ork. 

V). At Marvlr , k, thinl son of 

the Ulc .Vsliloii N' ( hlrl Jimlicn of 

Trlniiiail. to Ji'.Tii.. .: i. ihinl daii.nf the 

late lU't'. AVilliam tinnthurjM-, of .\iiiicuR. 

At Isleworth, John Miiikiiilay. vfi\. M.I' late 
Surgeon Hon. lUsi India Co.'s Serv, to Marv- 
Anne, third dan. of James I^^tanbronifh, ew]. 

At Alverstokc. Ilanti, J. W. 1' Graham, 

esq. aon of Charles (jrahaui, es<i. of Cliester- 
sq. to Caroline, only dnii. of l>. \^■. Weddell, 

K^q.Gosnort. At'lti**hopN\VaUliam,Geor(re 

Frederick Hodck"'-"" '-" "'' "' ni.-t 

Blackfhar.i.to Fi 

c«q. At Peiisl 

youngvBt <i.n .It I ....... , . ... 

wall, to Ir i.ly, dau. of thr li. > . 

Philip r>oi[ IVnihursI. AtR«»- 

cliffe, Cliari. .- : . IWirke, esri. second son 

of Sir John Iturke, Bart, of Marble Hill, fial- 
way, to Kmina.Janr. voiinjrcst dan. of the late 
Ralph <"re\kc. esq. of Itawcliff.' ii,n \ ,.rksh. 

At Tenby, the Kev. Ji.lili 1 of 

Bradfield t'.«itaire. lierk*. to " no, 

only surviviiijr child of the latt i...... . .jMia- 

ban, esq. ICN. At the llrili.sh l,mb«3S), 

Munich, Je^se Walts Russell, e^q. of llani 
Hall, ftafTord-ih. and Kii(Kin House, Xorlli- 
anijitonsh. to Maria-Kllen, youn^st dau. of 
the Ini," Peter Henry linrker, esq. of Bi.Hlford. 

.\t Dublin, Sydney Vaug'han Jackson, esq. 

of Gloueestcr-.st. son of the late C*il. Geornco 
Jackson, of Carraniore, co. Mnyo, to rrances. 
dau. of Thomas Jones, esq. of <■ .tiir-,,.«„, ,-», 

,Slijro. At Dundee, Robert » in, 

es<|. of KincAlebmin and Aftli lo 

Mar-.- VI ,.t.i.... .1 

esq. ' 
Rid 

esq. o. ...I. ......... .1 ........ 

Hall, t-'heshlre. to i,<>insa-Margarei, second 
dau. of Lieut. -Col Miller. K.H. 

Jl. At T ' •' ■■ '-.■..— "..■•■lion, esq. 

-M.D. of II llie Krv. 

'ITioraas K- l.i, second 

dau. of the ,».v ; ,—-. . <',e«q. of 

Ayton, N. U. 

2S. At Chelsea, Capl. Beatsnn. Beniml Car. 

to Louisa, dnii.of ~... i-..i « u....i 

Hen^tal C»v. A 

Rev. M. ,\. CinU 

Great Ilford.Ks-. 

of Mr. John fian ■ '"e 

of the late Rev. 'I id- 

lev, stair. M .^i. .M...^. ^ •;. Ilie 

Hon Wallet Wrottesley. Fellow of AH .'Soils 
Cidl. Ilxfurd, third son i.f the late l>ord Wmt. 
lealrv • ■ »' •- '■■ ' ' "■•■ 

late I 



eldest dan. of Mr. Diiilley, Grand Parade, 
Port smnu til. 

a". .\t West Wirkhara, William-Conrtenay 
Moilaiul, esi|. only aon of the late t'.,). chnrle's 
Morland, 91h Ijnicera, to .Mr-- -i, 

second dau. of Llellt.Col. t^alor. se 

Art. — -.M Wolverton, Hants, 1 ry 

Vvbomr, esii. of (Jillwell Park, Vissiv, to isa- 
bella, dau. or Capl. 11ionias llenderson, R.X. 
-At SI. James's, the H.iii. \\\-a. l_'.iwpcr. 



mid Nin of Viscounte- 
of Karl C*>wiier, to liar 

il:,i,.,.l (.iir.i. V- .mi. (,f ^. 



liTithn- 
lau. of 
II, N'or- 

i!. At 

"(lOfW. 

, „,i.,it... 

I Ibe l»le .. 

... At Wi- 

1 ;.sq. B.A. to 1 ., ^t 

. Ibr K.». K. J. King, Vuar ul West 
ii'liam, Norfolk, and Curate of Wis- 

— At Hyde, I. W, the Rev. Jamm 

liuilleniaid. Vicar of Kirlbni^on, Oxoii, and 
late Fellow of ."ft. John's. Oxford, to Louisa, 
dan. of the late Henry Watson, esq. of Barnes- 

coinmoii. At S»t.'Ipleton, Uicliard- Moody 

Tibliey, esq. of Netley, to Kllen. eldest dan. of 
Urlaiido Rowsou, esq', of Churton, .'*.iloii. 

■». At Tonnstall, Dartnioiilb, William 
Henry Miller, esq. Surjfeon. to S^nrali, eldest 
dau. of J. H. Sparke. esq. C.oniptroller of C'ua- 

loins of Ibat port. At Horusey, the Hon. 

Arthur Kinnainl. to Mnry-Jane.sister of Henry 
Hoare, e.s<i. o*" v, ..,.(.. i...,--i_ Kent. 

2!). At L. . HelTell, esq. eldest 

son of John i . e»,|, of Vpper H»r- 

1.., ., ,.. 1 , ■ , , ... I il.ll ..B,|_ 



late John Wolcott, ea«i. '. 

,\t Brnindcan. Hants, v nt 

'1 •■lull Dixie, esq. M. 11 .......I 

' Capt. A. Pixie, K..\. of Aldwick, 
. anil (irsi cousin of Sir W. W. lii.xiii, 

.. 10 Maria-t'n ^ ' .i-.."li. 

ler of tlie Hev. ( ■ .f 

llinindean. At * is 



. nrk, tliini ' 
of .St. 1\. 



or II.. 

the lit 



BIsl. 

eni 
latj, 



.rviviin; dau. ofConi- 



II. John Henrv Knr- 



r Mie ttev, IL, c, Klder, Vloir at 



Knir.Hq. or aiardcn, Willi, la Marr-ADUr, 
II 



rVfutrnrk Uma. K.M,«ri;Ma«ivk Mall. 



201 



OBITUARY. 



ViscofvT UrSFP""" 
M&nM. At HonBcur Ay, 

»f»r two \flirs' lllLr--'. il, 'ght 

Hon. M '.'tereuit, (out- 

t#»nih \ 1 (1550), and 

Pi I ' :: Bcrunet 

("• 

til- M..^ x^-„ , ^^. .' , ch« onlr 

mrrlvlng son of Goorgo the thirtocjilL 
V^ifu'tiijTii. T>v big cousin Marianne, only 
d»i 'iressof Geoiige De»creui, 

of ». Brecon, e«/^. ffp wns 

rd,., -■ -; , ■ 

for 

0»l^-.U M I'.i. ,.-H„...,,. 

Ue «ru at tl> l for the 

Church : but > .his elder 

tirothcr Geotiee in 179- he allerrd his 
yievn. He succeeded bi< father, Dec. 
SI, l^'t(; and for M>nie years sided with 
the V. hig party, a>< hi« fathct liiid done. 
IxtCrily, however, he bad elatacd a> a 
CoiiMTvativc. He was Captain of the 
Hon. corps of Gentlemen at Arms, and 
waa iiworn a Frity Councillor in I8M>. 

Lord Hereford married, Dee. 12, 1805, 
Franrrs- Elizabeth, third dmigliler of the 
late Sir George C'orncnall, of Muccaii 
Coi'^ -- " r.ford, Bart. and bythat lady, 
wb' im, he had issue five sons 

anil . utcr : I. the Hon. Henry 

Conicwall Uevereux, who died in 18.^9, in 
his 37fh ycnr, iinmnrried ; 8. the Kight 
H<ji 'ount Devereux. Iiorn 

in : I in 1841 to Emma- 

Jei. Ki of the late George 

Ri. -I).; 3. the Hon. Walter 

Bon: ^.creur, Commander R.N. ; 

4. lb« Hon. Humphrey Bohun Devereux ; 
&. lh» Hon. Frances Catharine Devereux, 
a Maid of Honour to the Queiii ; and (i. 

ihc Hon. George Talbot Devereux, 

LI) . 

I f the late Viscount was 
rri: it bouse at Honlk-ur, June 
3, '' I packet, which conveyed 
it \<- liir interment in the family 
vault ul (;I,i^hn^y. ' '. The 

cnfBn was lioiiie liy I I'jra ; and 

wa- ■ ' ■ ' • t<r. Mr. and 

the 11, and all the 

Eftj. - .jwn. 



Th« Rt. Hon. Str< (.' 
MaylH. At > 
iha Riiiht Hon 



B.tfiOT. 



H. 




fatfaer.in-law of the Earl of Winchelc 
and the Earl of Uxbridgc. 

Sir Charles Bagol was the second son 
of William first Lord Bagot, by the Hon. 
Louisn St. John, eldest daughter of John 
second Viscount St. John, and was bom 
23rd Sept. I7M. 

In 1807 he acted as Under Secreury 

of State for Foreign A/Iiiirs with Mr. 

Canning. He was appointed Minister 

Plenipotentiary at the Court of France 

in I8M. In the following year he went 

■ (• United State* on an extraordinary 

'II, on which occasion be was sworn 

f . .ivy Councillor on the 4tl- " --id 

on his return from America il 

with the order of the Bath, M -mi. 

Sir Charles proceeded to St. f ctetsburgb 

in isai n* ambiissudor from the British 

1 in It^H he was appointed 

- to the Hague, where he iv- 

^ > -L.^idl years. On the dissolution 

of the Melbourne administration Sir 
Charles was selected by Sir Kobert Peel 
as Governor- General of Canada, that 
appointment being vacant by the death of 
Lord Sydenham. 

Sir Chailes Bagot married, July 28, 
IHOfi, Mary Charlotte Anne Wcllesley 
Pole, eldest daughter of the pi esenl Earl 
r>l Mornington, and niece to the Duke of 
^Vcllington ; and by that lady, who sur- 
vives him, he had issue four sons and ax 
daughters : 1. Louisa-Calliarine, who 
died in 1821-, aged 17; •„'. Lieut.. Col, 
rimrles Bngot, Grcn. guards ; 3. the 
Hight Hon. Kmily-Gcorgiuna Countess 
of \Vinchelsea, married in lb27 to George 
tenth and present Earl of Winchelsea and 
Nottiiighuiu (being his second wife) ; 4, 
Caroline-Mar)'; 5. Arthur. Berkeley, who 
died in 1HV5, aged 11 ; 6. the KIght Hon. 
HcnrietlB-Maria Countess of Uxbridge, 
married in 1H33 to Hcnr)' Earl of Ox- 
bridge, son and heir apparent of the 
Marquess of Anglesey, (being his second 
wife,) and has issue ; 7, Geur];iaiia- 
Angusu; H. freorKc. Talbot i 9. Alexan- 
der ; and KI. Willielniina-Frt'deriet. 

The Irody of '^ • - > " - ■ ■ ;„ 
been brought (<• 

War>intc. nrconi) ni 

lunilv. 



[> ut Uzlotdi 



Da. Lii'stojiii. BiSKDi' or Ja>iaii:.>. 
.ipril i. At St. Tiiiiroas'a, in fain ti^^nd 
the Right tier, Cbrittuphrr Lipa. 
D.D. Bishop of Jamaica and Iha 

...i.-.una*. 

Ue WW cUcMson of the iUr. William 



202 Sir F. A. MarJcmz'ie. — Adm. HcnnUcer.—Sir H. Townshcnd. [Aug. 



Lipscomb, Hector of Welliury, ncnr North- 
allerton, and brother to the Rev. Francis 
Lipscomb, the present incumbent of that 
parish. His father wa? tutor both to the 
late Duke of Cleveland and to the pre- 
sent Dulto and his brother Lord William 
Powlett, and died only on the 2otli Jlay 
laat year, aged 91 ; a memoir of him was 
given in our Magazine for July 11*12, p. 
100. 

Tbc Disbop was his eldest son, by 
Margaret, second daughter of Francis 
CouKc, esq. of Gowcr-strcet, Cashier of 
the Navy. He wos a member of Now 
College, Oxford, took the decree of M.A. 
June St), IBIl, and was elected Follow. 

In 18S4, when the ."ecs of Jamaica and 
Uarbadocs were entablislied, (with an 
income of 400(1/. each,) during the ad- 
miniiitratiun of Mr. Canning, I)r. Lips- 
comb was iippointcd the first Bi.«hop of 
Jamaica and the Bahamas. 

We only find one publication by Dr. 
Lipscomb : 

" Church Societies, n blessing to the 
Colonies ; a Sermon." 1810, 8vo. 

By act of the Inst Session of Parlia- 
ment the see of Jamaica will now be di- 
vided into two dioceses. 



Sm F. A. Mackenzie, Dart. 

June 'i. Iti his lotli year, Sir Francis 
Alexander Mackenzie, the fifth Bart, of 
Gairloch, Ross.shire (IC2U), Vice-Lieu- 
tenant of Ross-shire, und Deputy Lieu- 
tenant of Nairnshire. 

He was the son of Sir Hector, tbc 
fourth liaronct, by liis second wife Chris- 
tian, daughter and heiiess of William 
Henderson, ei(\. He succeeded his fa- 
ther in the title in 1820. 

He was twice married ; first, Aug. 10, 
1820, to Kythe- Catharine, eldest daughter 
of J. Smith Wright, esfj. of Iloinpstone 
bouse, Notts ; secondly, in 1836, Alary, 
daughter of Osgood Hiiubury, esq. of 
Hatfield Gr/ingc, Essex. 

He is succeeded in the title by bis 
eldest son, born in 1832, now Sir Kenneth 
Smith Mackenzie. 



Adm. tub Hon. M. J. Hiin'mikcb. 
June b. M his scat, Ashdown Park, 
Sussex, Kcar-Admiral tbc Hon. Major 
Jacob Hennikcr. uncle of Lord Hcnnikcr, 

He wuv' ■ ■ ' 

son of ll" 

s<»M "' ' . „ ;!. ..-■., .-. 

M:i .T ui John Pbwntz, of 

K.. t. 

' : he royal 

nav id to uin 

rank <>| ( oniriinrKK i in IN'..'; and au- 

{Kiinted to the AUiocnrr sloop, oil Uio 



Guernsey station, about Sept. ISOt, when 
he was placed by die (ajminandor-in- 
Cbief, Sir James Sanmarez, under the 
orders of Commodore D'Auvergne, (Due 
de Bouillon,') with directions to intercept 
any of the enemy's flotilla passing along 
the F'rcncb coast. In the following nioiitli 
he drove five armed luggers on shore iw'ar 
Grosncz dc Humnnville, and i t wa<i stated 
by Sir James Sanmare?. in his dispatch to 
the Admiralty, that " great praise Is due 
to Capt. Hennikerfor this spirited and gal- 
lant attack, within a few hundred ynidsof 
the French coiist, and under n heavy fire 
from the enemy's battery and vessels." 

Capt. Henniker obtained post rank, 
Jan. 82, 1800, and snb.<equently com- 
maiided the Mermaid frigate for a short 
period. He arrived at the rank of Rear- 
Admiral -Aug. 17, 1810. 

He was advanced to the precedency of 
the younger son of a Baron by royal 
warrant dated Ajiril 30, 1831. 

He morried April 28, 1829, Anne 
Elizabeth, second daughter of his uncle 
the late Hon. Sir Brydgcs Trecothic-k 
Henniker, Bart, and bos left issue a son 
and three daughters. 

CotONEL TUJE Hon. Sui H. Town'siif.nd. 

May 25. In BoUon-strect, aged (t'i. 
Colonel the Hon. Sir Horatio George 
Powys Townshend, K.C. H. Lieutenant- 
Governor of Windsor Casllc, and lute of 
the Grenadier Guards, uncle of Viscoiinl 
Sydney. 

HcM-Bsborn Feb. C, 1780. the third 
ond youngest son of Thomas first Vis- 
count Sydney, by Elizabeth, eldest dnngh- 
ter and coheiress of Rlrhard Powys, esq. 
of Hinttcsham, in Suffolk. He was up- 
pointed Ensign in the tst Foot Gnurdt 
Sept. '.'2, 1795 ; was promoted to Ik- 
Lieut, and (,'aptain 179!); Capliiiii and 
Lieut.- Colonel 1809; and Bfevel-Colonel 
1819. He served at the battle of Wateiloo. 



Adm. Sin Roi' ' 

May n. At 
Canterbuiv. in liif .-■i>mM:ii. .^.i nvmii 
liftriow, Snt. and K.<MJ. Admiral of 
the Red. F.R.S. { fnlhet-in.law of Vis- 
count Torrington, and o( tbe firat Earl 
Nelson. 

He was bom in London <■■ 'it 

diiv. 1757. the eldest son of " i- 

, ■ . ., ., , ,, , ,,f 



Juitv i\>, lbU;>. 

Mr. lUiIow wTvcd with E«H Howe 

Mid I ■ '• ■ ■ ' ' ..f 

the .' i 



aS-ZotP, — Sir R. M^Farlane. — Lf.-Gcn. JRoss. 



20lT^ 



; to tlic utik ol I.uiittimiii N'" '■ I77>4. 
' Ho wa« Liculriintit of tlii it 

' fhi' rcli'f of Gibraltnr in I iily 

' cd himself on the ISth Sept. 
r. when the Spiiniiirdj were du- 
lacea in chvir grand iittack on that for- 
llc was made CominandiT Nov. 
, 9^ 1TaO,«nil t'ost Captain May i'4, 17CM. 
tn 170-1 he commanded the I'rgasu<i, 
I which was repeating Trigntc ul Lord 
Howe's glorious victory over the French 
flift oil (be lit of June. He was sutnc- 
ii|iointed to the rommand of the 
■sin which, oftcr a severe ac- 
ciipturc<l the French frigate Ne- 
I rridv in 1797 ; and in the same ship, in 
IWI, hf succeeded, after a most deter, 
min' lilt resistance, in capturing 

L'A : ' havintr nn.ljoord, beyond 

her crc'v, hkm: ' i the command 

of ticncml 1> which were 

destined to join ;... . .^i- . iirmyin Egypt. 
It was one of the sharpest contests re- 
corded in our naval history, as both vcs- 
s«lk were within pistol-shot, the action 
lasting two hours. In consideration of 
ntr)' on this occasion 
ived the honour of 

. ...K V. .iUi June, l<(01. In 

IKltfi be was appointed Deputy-Comp- 
troller of the Navy; and, in IHOa, Com- 
missioner ol Cbiitham dockyard. In 
Jan. I8'i3, he resigned that office, with 
the rank of retiied Rear- .Admiral ; but in 
l«40 was recalled to active duty, and 
..—I, A.imii-al of the White. On the 
V, li^';.'0, he was appointed a 
• omtnander of the Batn. 
He iDurricd Sept. 8, 17^'>, Elizalielh, 
sfcond daughter of William Garrett of 
Worting, ill Hampshire, crfj. and by 
that lady, who died Sept. 17, 1817, has 
had issue three sons and five daughters. 
The lormrr were, Robert, a senior mer- 
chant in Ucrignl ; tf. the Kcv. William 
[{■rtow. Hector of Coddington in Cheshire, 
and a I'lflK-ndory of Chester ; ',i. George, 
who died I . 1"!»0. Thcdaugh- 

ler«, I. ' \iin: 8. the Uight 

lion. Fi.i, I. .--.;... lat dowager Vis- 
roiinlcss Totrinpton, married in 1811 to 
Vife-Adni. George sixth and U»tc Vis- 
count Torringtoii, and is mother of the 
|>r«^i"nt Viscount mid other children j 3, 
"' "dowager Countess 

. in 181 7 tohcr cousin 

... ..... , l,Ipj( 50,1 

! without 
1' :•> to the 

Hon. and Rev. \\ iliiam first Uarl 
n I to whom «hc wni second wife), 
"in 1835 J and 
Knight, csi). 
i^ii ,. m-.x. ... Lieut.. Colonel 
Ctorlea Lhi«bv>'ood, C.U, lecond son of 



Sir U. W. Uosbwood, Bart. Cwbo died 
in IB3V) ; and 5. Maria. 

Gen. Sib BonEttT M'Fari.ane, K.C.B4 

June 6. In Great Cumberland -stree(| 
need 73, General .Sir Robert M' Farlnne, 
K.C.b. and G.C.H. Colonel of the 3M 
Regiment, and a member of the Con. 
solidatcd Board of General Officers. 

This officer was the son of lUibcrt 
M'Farlane, esq. by the widow of Major 
Harris, who was killed at the massacre of 
Putna, and daughter of John Howard, 
esq. He entered the army ns Ensign in 
178!). He was appointed Lieut. -Colonel in 
the 113th foot, Sept. l.l, 1794 j removed 
to the 7^nd in Sept. 1798; became Colonel 
in the army Jan. 1800 ; and Brigadier- 
General ATay 18, 180.5. He scr>'cd in 
the ejtpedition to Copenhagen in 1807, 
and his name was included in the Votes 
of Thanks from Parliament. He subse- 
quently served on the staff in Sicily, ns 
second in command under Lord William 
Hentinek, and received the commission of 
Lieut.. Geneml in the army of the King 
of the Two Sicilies. He attained the 
rank of Major- Genenal at home, April 
25, I808:of Lieut.- General June 4, 181.t; 
and of General, July 2i, 1830. He was 
appointed to the colonelcy of the late 
07tb Foot, Jan. 31, 1816 ; and to that of 
tha sand Foot, Sept. '26, 18,?7. 

He was permitted (Jan. 20, 1817.) to 
accept the grand cross of the Neapolitan 
order of St. Ferdinand and Merit, con- 
ferred for his services in Italy, and especi- 
ally at the capture of Genoa, in 1814; and 
was nominated a Knight Commander of 
the Bath, March, 11, I8'J7. 

He married in ISir, a daughter of Cupt. 
Henry Vankrmper, of the Dutch navy, 
and consul of the King of the Nether, 
lands at Tripoli. 

Lieit.-Oen. Joits Ross, C.B. 

May 18. At Southampton, Lieut.. 
General John Ross, C.B. Colonel of the 
Wth Foot. 

He was appointed Ensign 2nd June, 
1793; Lieutenant ,52nd Foot Kth May, 
1796; CapUin Uth Jan. 18(X) ; Rlajor 
l.i Aug. 1804. He continued with the 
52iid till Kith April, 1807, when he 
rhanged into the 28th. He was appointed 
Lieut. -Colonel 28th Jan. 1808; Colonel 
4th June, 1814; Mni •■ r il 5»7th 
May, 182.'.; Litul.-t.- June, 

1838; and Colonel ol I cgiment 

Ut Aug. 18.39. 

General Ross served «-ilh the 52iid on 
the expedition to Fcrrol, all,] ' j 

with the enemy. He conmi.i ,i 

battiilion ,J2i>d at the Iwlile ui \ m/m' in, 
and during Sir John Mourc'tcampai^in 



M Lieut.-Gen. Le Mesurhr. — Sir David Fouth, K.CS, [Aug. 

rhnscd tho mnjotity of llie regiment ; »ii(l 
lie rcin»iiu'd in IreJHiiil (ill the middle o( 
lii04( when iiis fill her, the late (foveiiior 
of Alderncy, hnving died, be \va« called 
on to as'Dine the hereditary government 
of thnt islond. This, and the settle- 
ment of his fiimily Hffairs, obliged him 
to apply for lenvp to retire on half-pay at 
this time, but with the full intention of 
returning to active (service a« soon a» pos- 
sible. He aecordlngly, '< ^ * ^ s 
during the war, solicited 
nt-War to be permitted to v;. .-.. ^i- 
vices to the Commander-in-Chief, liut 
always received for answer that bin pro- 
per post of service was in his govifii- 
ment. Here, therefore, be continued to 
act, to the perfect satisfaction of the 
Commander-in-Chief, until, by un ar- 
rnngcincnt with H. M. Oovcnimcnt, he 
resigned the grant of the Island into their 
hands, in the end of the year \e2i; when 
he again tendered his servicea. but peace, 
and the rank he then held, prcvcntca their 
being accepted. 

The government of the island WM 

granted to bis " ■' ^'^ ^-^'o-iwl 

Andros, by iett. ^5 

Charles II, in l(> "m 

he Mesurier, hii giniKllnthcr, by Kiiig 
(jeorge III. lor 9y years, in 17t;3. 

He obtained the brevet rank of Licjit.. 
Colonel ill 1810, of C-obmel in ItdS. 
Msjor.fJenentl In lH3o, and Lieut. -Ge- 
neral in 1«41. 

He married in \Wi Martha, daughter 
of Peter Pen-hard, esq. Alderman of 
London (a native of the island of Guern- 
sey), by whom he leave* one son, now at 
Oxford. 



Spain ill )gOR-n. He also copiniandcd 
live companies of that regiment with the 
force which went to the Schehli under 
L<»r(l GhuUium ; served afterward" in the • 
Peninsula, and commanded the Ist bat- 
talion Siiid at the actions of Pombal, 
Kcdinha, JMiranda de Corvo, Vot A' 
Aronce, and Sahugal, and at the battle 
of Fueotesd'Onor. lie received a medal 
f<\r Vimicnt. und a medal and onacl»p 
for Nive i^d Orthti. 

Ue was appointed, tbe 30tb of Aug. 
1?1I, Deputy Adjutant- General to the 
Forces in Ceylon ; from whence he re- 
turned to £urope in June 1814, for the 
benefit of bis nealtb. He uas subse- 
quently appointed Deputy Adjutant- 
General in Ireland ; and on the rJth of 
Aug. 1819, Commandant of the dep6t at 
the Isle of Wight. He has subsequently 
been Lieut.-Oovemor of Guernsey. 

LiEirr.-GKN. Le Meslhieii. 

Mey 21. At Bradfield Place, near 
Reading, in his 6^ year, Lieut.-Gen. 
John Le Mesurier, 

This officer entered the army in 1794 
at Ensign in the I3Vnd regt. ; joined the 
e9tb as Lieut, in Aug. \'SG, and pur- 
chased his Cnplaiii-Lieuteiiancy towards 
the end of the same year. He served 
durlnij the whole of the Rebellion of 
1T!)8 111 the south ol Ireland, in the 4th 
flank battalion, under Colonel Stewart. 
In ny;) he went with his regiment to the 
Mediterranean, which, together with the 
30th regt. occupied the citadel of Mes- 
sina, under Brigadier- General Graham. 
The following year the two regiments 
blockaded Malta by land, whilst a novol 
srjuadron blockaded by sea. Soon after 
ita surrender he joined Sir Ralph .\ber- 
cromby's urmy, which arrived there on 
its way to Egypt ; and served tbe whole 
of that campaign. A fur the action of 
the Slit March, 1801, the 89th regt. was 

detacbed, with IJOO Turks, to observe 
the ,,..,,,,„ i,,.,|. pf iiip j^jij, . ji,^ ^^ ,jj^ 

9tli ing wiihstood tlieatlnck of 

■>Oii' ill my. who, on llie apiiear- 

ance ul the main body, retired to Cairo. 
On the surrender of iii„i ritv and AIp^- 
andn'a, the ii c' 
eight line. of- 1 

Kei"' ' 

to 1 

t(j 

and the cji)/< Ibvy 

stayed fiiit « f < 1, ,1i>rinfr 

will. ' 

enii .. U'l /i-rdiMi, ',\ iirrr 

ill cfacd to Youglnl, Id 

the . 



MAJOR.GrN.SiiiDAvinrottLis.K.C.B. 

^;>r>7 12. At Bruntsfield Lodge, 
Edinburgh, aged 74, Major-Gencral Sir 
Dnvid Kuiilis, K.C.B. of tha Mndrai 
establishment. 

This officer arrived In India in I7K>. 

Hew - ■ ■ ■ -: . ■ '■ "r-f. 

17»i, 

of tl4'. i'l 

the same ycor enu-ied (iic enemy'" eoun. 

trj- (My'nrr> under the nnruiiand of 

•.esaion 
' ' bout*. 

* 

.1 



..f 



111 >'vvtmb«T uf tbe sauio Jria be |iur> patam and Ita opitulalMni. Uc »€rTvi tn 



IMS.] Sir Robert BartUy, K.C.B.^>Sir B. C. Doyle, i?JV, 205 



fbf t»rnc rrsTtiit'nt in •ubdiiing 0)0 <KJulh. 
Ltm r ;iriiiy under Lieut.. 

ICol. > ; and was present 

Im IIk- 'icgL- ui I ontnclietrvM n volunteer, 
|tii \1VV. 

\{,- iii,«. r,r.rrri.,t<',l It, 1 '[-utcnitnt iu the 
Jl.t 1 V. 17HS. He 

l*n\: ore war under 

'19 ; «■«» pre- 
, ilty, at ihc ii 
:>, mill the CDpture 
i (I SuUaiiii. For this 

... ...v..^.. the St'ringiipulkm 

ociUI. 
Ji tciit. Foulis served under Lieut.- 
and Dalrympic in «evenil 
iiii»hrs will) thr Mahralta 
n,|. 
10 



M, 



ijuenlly Aid-dc-Cainp to Col. 
on. In 1601 Doondin hnvinz 
ftgiaa usembled » Urge force, the Uritith 
Ltoolc the tirld under the eomtnand of 
It.- Col. Wellesley, and Lieut. Foulis 
•t the tiikini; by utorm of scvcml 
I, Slid other atTsir*, during that cam- 

[ I^B™' . . . 

He WH promoted to Cspiam-Lieut. in 
iliie l*t regt. C«v. 30|bjiil)-, leilO, and to 
I full r»pf , in the wwp revimeut 2d Sept. 
idfi (rtt« ocox- 
ih« at the un- 
■ng. tlisown 
In '. be, in Juljr 

lli'< . and in July 

f'1)W5 retunird (o Indm over land, by way 
> of Uemnark. Vienna, the Bluck Sea to 
1 the Bosphorus to 
by Boli, Amariu, 
Mosul, and Hu^dad ; 
'^ris to liuMorah ; 
dowi> to Bai>hicr; down 

I the Penian GuK to Mnsralt, and rrot?. 
I ing the Arabian Sea to Bombay. He ««• 
I twice can n the Persian side 

|byalcak\ 

In "■ ,iin Fouli* wa» op- 

1 poiii Mt (or the purchase 

I of rv I 'f the Madnti Cfl- 

ntlry. in Aug. Ittii'.l he again returned 

(u EoglaMd ill bsd health, by wnv of 

Cbiiia, Urar.il. . ' 

t Aii»erica. fit- 

",^t. Llgtii. i -.TVidir 1 .V ..iuii. 1- 1 ., 

>'d to India in Oct. UI3, by 



In Nov. 1?>1 '. 
I uf the I It re?. ' 
Ibia h 
lot : 



Nor. 1317 was in con«tBnt and harassing 
iniirrhes after the PimUrricf in Bcrar, 
Candi«h, fee. 

In 1 ' ' iimanded the Ellore and 

Mn»ul \i:U, and a detachment 

of 11. ^. flunk companies and 

Niitivi- Dank, on the frontiers of Palnaud, 
tot the protection of the districts against 
the Pindarrie.'. In Sept. 1818 he marched 
with the Isf Light Cavalry to the Car- 
natir to refit, and command Amee. In 
the beginning of lHi;t be was appointed to 
the cumnaand of the Cavalry cantonment 
of Arcot, He was promoted to Lieut. • 
Colonel in the 1st Light Cavalry Xtjth 
July 1^19; and appointed to the com- 
mand of the (ith Light Cavalry in July 
18'J1. from which he was transferred to 
be Colonel of the Ut Light Cavalry 1st 
May, U24 ; and attained the full rank of 
Major-General 10th Jan. 1837. 



CoL. Sir Robkkt Bartlxt, K.C.B. 

May 'i. At sea, 40 miles east of 
Algiers, Colonel Sir Robert Bartley, 
K.C.B. of the 4;Mh regiment. 

He was appointed Ensign, Feb. 9S, 
1S06; purchased a Licutcnonry, Feb. IS, 
18U7 ; obtained a company Aug. 10, lAI.I ; 
a majority by purchase. Feb, 5, 1824 j 
and was appointed Lirut.-Colonvl of Ibe 
4;Mh foot Ajiiil 1'5, 1H':8. 

He was severely wounded in action 
with the -Americans, Nov. II, 181:1. 

He accompanied his regiment, the 
llKh foot, on Its cmbaikatiun fur foreign 
service in 18:21 ; nnd it formed a portion 
of the nrmy employed in the China ex|)e- 
dition, and duiin. it war with 

that power. Hi^ re acknow- 

ledged by his nonui,..,i.,.i. ..i the close of 
lant year, to be a Knigbt Commander 
of the Order of the Bath. 

Sir Robert expired on board the Great 
Liverpool steamer, on the voyage from 
Malta to Gibraltar, and on the following 
day his mortal remains were consigned to 
the deep, as Is usual in all cases of death 
occurring on board vessels coming from 
Alexandria. 



1 III cnininnnd 

iry. U> escort 

■li a part 

■'t vi«it 



t'Apr. StB B. C. l)ovt.£, R,N. 
'/ 21. At Boimor, aged 59, Sir 
rk CaTciidish Doyle, Post Captain 

lie was the son of William L'oyle, esq. 
a Maalvr in Chancery in Iiclnnd, and 
brollm to the late Lieut. -Gen. Sir 
Clrarlp^ Willinm Doyle, who di'd In Oe- 



rCoL lioveuni, twd Itom that tioe till U Psycliv, on tbc SmiI iiidw tUlJvti 




206 Sir E. Slanlet/.—Co!. C. Forbes.— J, J. Hojie Vcrc. Enq. 



* 



after B severe roiitcst, Feb. 11', ISOS, and 
be obtained in con$e(|uence the mtilc of 
Commander, dated on the iStb Sept. fol- 
lo\riMi;. He subsequently eommandcd 
the Ivightiiiiig sloop of Wur, in wliich be 
continued after his promotion to post 
ntnk, whicU took place on tbe 3d April 
1811. 

On tbe eist April 1831, be was ap- 
pointed 10 the Glasf^ow of 'SO guns ; in 
which be conveyed the remains of Queen 
I'aroline from Harwich to l^uxhnvcn ; 
Sir Edward Pac;et and family from Ports- 
mouth to the East Indies ; and the Mar- 
quess of Hastings from Calcutta to frib- 
raltar. The Glasgow was paid 07 in 
1824, and Captain Uoylc received the 
honour of knighthood, April 20, I82i. 

He married in 1828, the eldest dnugli- 
ter of John Vivian, esq. of Claverton, 
near Batb. 



Sm Edmon'd Stanm-ey. 

April 88. At Richmond, Surrey, ngcd 
62, Sir Kdmond Stanley, Knt. formerly 
Prime Serjeant of Ireland, and Chief 
Justice of the Supreme Court of Judica- 
ture at Madras. 

Sir Edmond was the eldest son of James 
Stanley, esq. of Low Park, co. Roscom- 
mon, by n daughter of Edmond Kelly, 
esq. of Mount Gray. He obtained a 
scholarship in Trinity college, Dublin ; 
and was colled to the Irish bar in \lSi. 
In 17 HI) be was counsel to George U, 
Kitigcrald, at Castlcbar. In 178'J he 
was made a King's Counsel in Ireland ; 
and in the same year a bencher of the 
King's inns, Dublin. In 17!)0 he was 
returned to the parliament of Ireland for 
tbe borough of A upher; and from 1797 
to I8U0 he was member for Lanefborough. 
In IT!)!- he was appointed the King's 
Third Serjeant-ut.Law. In 1798 he was 
sent under a special commission to Cork, 
to preside at tlie trials there, and received 
the thanks of the county, and of the 
Government, for bis conduct on that oc- 
casion. In 1800 be was made King's 
Prime Segeant, and afterwards oppoiiitcd 
one of the Commisaioncrs of Public 
Accounts, 

In ISO? he was appoii ' ' ' Tist 
Recorder of Prince ol A\ !nl, 

and received the honour ui ^ uud 

on the nth March. 

In IBlJbu was appointed one of tbe 
judgea at Madras, wnerc be inctxMluccd 
innny iiitefiil reforms inln the registtar's 
olTic ' • J to be 
Clii' .rl. He 
: pcntioii 



niece to tbe Inic William Talbot, esq. 
Moiuit Talbot, co. Koscommon. Lafl 
Stanley died at Richmond Jan. 17, I03 
aged 69. 

CotoKEi. Cmari.is Forbes. 

May 8. At Aberdeen, Colonel Charles 
Forbes, eist Foot. 

He entered tbe sen'ioe as Ensign in 
the Cane corps, July llMh, 1806, on iti 
formation i served for some time as vo- 
lunteer with 1st halt. C'Jth regt., nnd was 
promoted, March II, tb>IO, to n Fi 
Lieutenancy in the 4lh Ceylon regt, 
which be remained until June 3, 1 
(tliat reg;imrnt being dtscnibodied Sttb 
same month), when he was transferred 
l;)th regiment, then serving in Ccyl 
and remained on full pay of that eoi 
until Uct. iX, \Vli\, when be was )) 
moted by purchase to a company, 
placed on bulf-pay next day. Capi 
Forbes exchanged with Capt. Nest 
I2th Foot, March 14, 1882. and ser>- 
with that re^mentat Gibraltar; was pro? 
moted by purchase to be Major unat 
tached, Aug. 15, 1826, and exchangi 
July -l, 1834, with Major Pringle 'fai 
lor, K.H. 61st regt. He succeed' 
June 28, 1838, to the Lieut.- Colonel 
without purchase, by the removal 
Colonel Darley as a General Officer. 

When an Ensign in the Cnpc regiment 
Lieut.. Col. Forbes >vas employed with 
detachment upon the borders of the col 
ny, to repress the incursions of the C 
frcs, a service of much difficulty and di 
ger. In 1810 he served as n volunt 
with the COth regiment, at the landinjf 
and capture of the Isle of Franco. lie 
went to Madras with that regiment, 
continued to do duly with it until i 
tbe capture of Jn^'8. During the xtvi 
of Fort Conieli", and the very strong po- 
sition surrounding It, be carried the regi- 
mental colour of the COth, which wtib 
twice shot through in his hand, whilst in 
the net of planting it on one uf the ene- 
my's redoubts. In 1818 be joined his 
regiment, the 'Ub Ceylon, and in Iriiji 
acted OS Dep.-Assi5t..Commisfar)' 
ncral to one of the divisions that ti 
possession of the Kandlan countiy. 

JaMPS JodEPH Hril"- "^ • •■• '■" 
May )<). In Park I 

yciir, .fdnivi Jo'.i-iiti i; 




Itlii 
afli : 

hu lied in 1786 a 

llaiigbtvt ui Ibu Uev. Jubu Talbot, and 



fiUitcf, ill* livii. C-buica iiv|i«, titMtn 



John Whnrfon, Enq,— Orlando Standhh, Efij. 



- f Weir, of Ulack- 
iisiiiu WB9 subsc- 
,rf in I«— . 
« Vere mwricil, .Sc|>l. 7. IWU, 

)rX\x Uny. fuiirtli daughter of 

> vervulh JMirqucBS of Tweeddale, 
> iJUat laily. who survire* Iiim, lie 
jr diiuglitcrs, niid two sons. 
nci', Harriet, tliu third, wns 
1839 to KU\v»rd Sherlock 
cidctt 6on of Sir Thomas 
loocli, DuTt. 



John Wilaiiton, Esq. 
May 21). In the \Ve«tiniiistcr.ro;i(I, 
Lainlivtb, iu his 78th year. John Whar- 
..f Skclton 'Ciwtio, Yorkshire, 
IP. for Beverley. 
1 he eldest son ol Joseph Wil. 
|liniu iXjiJUStcvenson, esq. of Skelton 
e, Diirhiini (hon of John Hall, esq. 
j» «»nir ijIjcc, who took his wife's 
iof Sjtevputoii). by Anne, daughter 
leircst nf James lorslcr, of Drum. 
, CO. Kerniaiiugb, esq. He was born 

tclton Cftstlc, June SI, 17(Jo, and 

olc the siirnumc and arms of Whnrlon 
Iftnly, by roj'Bl sign manual, Mayo, 17»8. 
I lie stood no less than nine contested 
Iclcclions for Beverley, on the Whig in- 
|tcre»l. The first was at the general 
|«lcction of 179C), when ho was returned 
tt the head of the poll, which terminated 
I follows ; 

John Wli»rlon, esq. . . '.XH 

.-• ' Pcnnyman . . 4(;o 

orton, e.iq. . :ni) 

III,,: t;ive way to Air. Tutton, 

but on that gcnilemiiii's death, in 17fl9, 
bo rjjoicstcd the scat with Mr. Morriti, 
Df Rokeby Turk, but was defeated by 
^M votes to 3t>0. 

In IHOa he cume in at ihe head of the 
Ijioll, and Mr. .Morritt wns cieludcd, the 
liiunil' ■ ' ■■ 

■on, e»q. . . 73C 

I .rto 6<)() 

J. li. a. Morritt, uq. . U26 
In l(<<K^- 
Juhn U'liHitun, esq. . . l>41 
l,I..Gonenil Vyse . . . (iO^ 
Lt.-Geii. N. C. Ilutton , -ISO 
In IWI7— 

(\ii,t. K. W. H. Vysc . U)I'2 
ou, esq. . . 73;) 
;e», esq. . . '-'(!» 

Ill IKIJ — 

John Wharton, esq. . . i^o.'i 
Chutln Korbes, esq, . . 7U 
Wlllikm Bcrcrlcy, cwi. . .'>(»-' 

■ >n, Cdq. . . <S'-'> 

till, csiq. . . )»(*'.) 

.lliol-e WrIU, r«<|. . IT'.l 

nlliani Beveili V, c"). W-' 



In 1820— 
George Lane Fox, esq. . 1038 
John Whnrton, esq. . . C67 
R. C. Burton, esq. . . 71 
In ly26 he was excluded from tbe re- 
presentation by the follo\ving poll : 
John Stewnit, esq. . . 1030 
C. H. Btttley. esq. . . 6hVi 
John Whorton.esq. . . 588 
At that period Mr. Wharton was 
deeply embarrassed in bis pecuniary nf< 
fairs, that he was immediately arrested, 
and for the last fourteen years he has re- 
mained a prisoner within tbe rules of the 
tjuccn's Bench. An inquest was held 
on his body, when it appeored that he had 
for many years suflTered from a painful 
disease of the bladder, and an inquest was 
returned of " Natural Death." 

Mr. Wharton married in Oet. 1790, 
Susan Mary Anne, daughter of Major- 
Gen. John Lambton, of Lamblon, co. 
Durham, by whom he had i^sue two 
daughters : Susan ; and Margaret, married 
in 1813 to Thomas Barrett Lenriard, esq. 
eldest son of Sir Thomas Barrett Lcn. 
nurd, Bart, but died without issue before 
1H25. 

Orlando Standisii, Esq. 

April iQ. At the Casa Standish, at 
Klorerice, Orlando Standish, esq. of 
Sealeby Castle and Holme Cultrum Ab- 
bey, Cumberland, and of Karley-bill, 
Berks. 

This gentleman was the son and heir 
of EdwTird .Stephenson, esq. by Mary- 
Cecilln, diiughtcr of Charles Strickland, 
esq. of Sizcrgh i'ark, co. Westmorhindjl 
and Cecilia, daughter of William Towiic> 
ley, esq. of Towneley, (and sister of the 
collector of the Towneley marbles,) by 
Cecilia, daughter of llalpb Standish, esq. 
and Lady Philippa Howard, daughter of 
Henry sixth Duke of Norfolk. His 
wife was also descended from the Standish 
family, and it was on the ground of her 
descent that their names were changed. 
" Kowhuid Stephenson of Holme Cul. 
Irum Abbey and Scalchy Castle, co. C'lim- 
bcrlnnd, and Farley.hill, co. Berks, csq*1 
and Lucy his wife, daughter of Edmunds 
Henry Earl of Limerick, and Alice- 
Mary Countess of Limerick, represented 
that the said Alice-Miir)', Countess of 
Limerick, was the daughter and sole beit 
ol Henry Oroisby of Cloghcr, co. Mayo^J 
deceased, byMnryhis wife, grand-dniiglwl 
ti-r and sole heir of Sir Standish Harts- 
triiige, of BrufT House, co. Linicrick(_ 
BiMt. who was great-grandson of FranclM 
Ilivristonge, esq. by Lliiabeth his wifCiT 
ihmghter ot Sir Thos. Standiidi, of IJrufl 
Kt. Privy Councillor for Mnntter ; and 
the said Karl of Limerick bavin); ^i^lllhe<l1 



tr,H 



* 



J. r. Mayne, Etq. F.R.8.—Noah Webtler, LLD. fAng. 

^1. Mfl 



I 



908 



liis desire tli»t ihe pelitioiier? and their 
issue <hoiildBe<iume the auniamcof Stnnd- 
i«h only, the said Richard mid Lucy 
Stephenson, by licence dated 2d June, 
1834', took the eumanic and arms of 
Standisb only." (flecord in (/,oll. Arnn.j 
Mr. SUndlsh afterwards altered hie Chris- 
tian name to its Italian form — Orlando. 

Mr. Stnndish's loss will be greatly fdt 
by the musical world at Florence, where 
be ranked amongst the first amateur com- 
posers, and ill the privnte theatre at the 
Casa Standisb some celebrated represen- 
tations by amateur performers have fre- 
quently taken place of some of the finest 
operas, which, together with the hospita- 
lity of Mr. Standi!ih and his oceoinplished 
lady, will long be remembered there. 

When Mr. Rowland Sti-vcnson, he was 
a candidate for the representation of the 
cityr of Carlisle in 1816, but did not, we 
believe, proceed to the poll. 

Mr. Sundish married, March 10, 1810, 
Lady Lucy Pery, third (and now the 
eldest surviving) daughter of Ihe present 
Eorl of Limerick, by whom he has left 
three sons and two duughters. 

J. T. Maynk, Esq. F.R.S. 
June 26. At the manor-house, TelToiit 
Ewyai, near Salisbury, aged Al, John 
Thomas Miiyiie, csij, barrister at lu"'> 
F.R.S, and F.S.A. 

Ho was descended from an ancient 
family formerly of Devonshire, of which 
a f.pedit ree will be found in Hoare's South 
P^Bpnire, Hundred of Dunwurth, p. 11?. 
^R manor of TefTont Ewyns was pur- 
cltaaed in Ifi79 by Christopher Miiyne, 
wboae male issue became extinct with hia 
grandson John, in 1786. The gentle- 
man whose death «<> record was de- 
accnded from the Rev. 
an eminent divine, the 
topher ; and 



Essex, and hid issue f 
gustos, born at Hci 
three dougfatcnt, Kmi.,-i....; 
garet-Hele, and Kllen- Flora. 



mentioned Jol 

aftrni,.t(lK f <■ 

o( 

in ' 

l^r VI j\' '\>< 1 1 
Carnurvon. 

Mt Mun;,' 

of ■ 



Znrhiiry Mnyne, 
uncle of Chiis. 

•' ■ ■' t.ove 

rlU, 

ibe 
:ieh 

>v«8 
)llt 

i^h- 
of 



I '-ivli 



ixnili/., il :it St 



i.nd 

• li'tV 

I. 

eed the 

I.Ji J ll;. 



NoAti Wkhstkii, LL.D. 

Mail *"• '" ^'"* Haven, U.S. "g,^ 
R5, Noah \VL•ll^ter, LL.D. author of tS" 
English UicHoiiary. 

Or. Webster I.-- '■•■•■■. • i •- • •— • »,c. 
fore the public : nl 

in the vnrioiis " , 'y. 

He was born in West Hurllurd, Oct. 
16, ITAW, » dcscendiint of John Webster, 
0D« of the first settlers of I! iio 

n'as a member of the Co!' i| 

from its first formation, and >n,,^v.,..i .iily 
(fovemor of Connet'ticut. Noah Web- 
ster entered Yale college in 1774. In hia 
junior years, in the time of Burgoyne's 
expedition from Canada, he volunteered 
his services under the command of hit 
father, who was captain in the Alarm List, 
in that campaign, nil the males of the fa- 
mily, four in number, »rerc in the armjr 
nt the same time. Notwithstanding this 
interruption in his studies, Webster gra- 
duated with high reputation in 1778. 
During the summer of 177!) be resided in 
the family of Mr. afterwards Chief Jus- 
tice Kllsworlh, at Hartford. He was 
admitted to the bar in 1781. Subse- 
quently he engaged in the liiii.itirii~ i.f in. 
structiun, and, being stroK, 'd 

with the defects of such !■ .re 

then used in clcmentar)' schooU, pub- 
lished in I7»3, at Hartford, his " Fint 
part of a Grammatical Institute of the 
Fnglish (jtammar." The grcut siicees* 
of this work, and of others of the same 
class pniwred by him. is well known. 
His " sltelcbes of Amerimn Policy," 
published in 1781, his wrili nr 

of the adoption of the Fc' ii- 

tion, ill defence of Washiiipinii ^ jiiuria. 
mation of neulmlity, nnd of the treaty 

negOciilfi <I will! (M,:,r Ittiriiill In 

Jiiy, I 

unit . 

ollii 1 lug tlic tautit: pi'iiiHi weff 

piibl ' ll bv him. In I7fl'l be 

^ V York. 

•ial Ad- 



Wei' 
ntiil 

nrRH 

and ' 



llt< ,Mii^',u.'.iiii' 

fo; /t, 

inairli>d banh-Fulrhrr, 
ilaiutilt^ ul •lohii Scut, e«q. of Ualtlvad, 



Hicat exitui ihv Mibjuit ol el/utollf^,1 



1843.] Srv. S. Kidd, M^.— W. S. Gilf>w.~-J. HaknrilL 



209 



the tfUdicint. rjf i-nriniis Un^tgCS tO Mcll 
otiir ~ity has been more 

fivi^: iitn, as is believed, 

tW auliiui i:\t:: iiiiiici|iatcd. His other 
liublicBtione arc numerous. 

I' '*■ ' ' ' ved remarkably 

vigi a fe\r days of 

liii : „.. -.oon took the 

forii y, ami he grnJually sank 

I uwi' K till, in the Tull potsesiion 

wtuiu, he died with entire com* 
'. and resignation. 



Rr.v. Samukl Kiod, M.A. 

Juiu 12. At Camden Town, of epilep. 
ty, aged 4S, the llcv. Sitniucl Kidd, A.M. 
Profestnr of Oriontnl lUid Chinese Lite- 
latn i^^iiy college, London. 

J of Hull bad the honour 

til : • . ■ ■ ' „t_ 

«fli< ary 

I'O"' -' .>.,„.....„.. „ t,.-ge, 

and a not leM tenacious memory lor 
lilaralure in general, to which he was 
remarkably attached. These quali6ca- 
lion*, joined to an ardent love of the 
po«i' ' ' t hiai to the nodce 

of I -ionary Society, and 

he V !*■■■ important post 

of >' ly CFtublisbed 

an . together with 

ajii -. wbicli liuve been extcn> 

nvi ' ihp Tniiislation and cireu- 

Liii' ' Scriptures, and other 

Clii -.amongst the Chi- 

ncKi. ..... iv..... i.^iiimc the principal of 

the college, und bis labours must bare 
been Kfcat; at the time of his death he 
was ajlowcd to be the first Chinese scholar 
in this country, and Ihcrerorc eminently 
qualified for the seat of Professor of 
Chinese Language and Literature in the 
University of London, to which he was 
appointed when the state of his health 
icqiiired hi* return to this country. His 
acijiuintancv with the liteiature of China 
cumprubended a very wide range of read- 
ing, and bis position in University Col- 
\ffir, which punscsscs a most valuable 

Ubr;f- ••■ ''■• ' iiigc ol the celestial 

eiin be eminently calcu- 

Ul'<: , now that our con- 

nections Willi ibe country are assuming a 
rlo«cr character. In l»tl he published a 
Iranied and ingenious work, entitled 
" Illustrations of the Symbols, &c. of 
China." 

He was in the prime of life, and etir- 
rouodi-d by a numerous family. 

W. S. On MS, EflQ. 
^pril \. \ 1 l , Vork- 

ihLrr. aged t>l :■ (iilpin, 

esq. bindocape k^ihk ii<.>, < i i'ainetfleld, 
Eoft Sheen. 

Ocvi. Mat. V(iL. XX. 



Hr ""'*^ •-*■" l'."ii''v,^ cr.r, nf SawTey Gil- 
pin, [■ :idnepbcwto 
the i: arof Boldre 
in the New I'orcbt, author of Kemarks 
on Forest Scenery, and other works on 
the r 

Ml oyrd considerable prac. 

''■'' , —.cssion. His terms were 

- a day, and his tniveJIing ex- 

tlis principal n'orks were 

ill IrcLiid, — Cruni Castle, Kmc Castle, 

Lord Cawdor's, and L^ird Blayney's. 

1! ' the gardens at Dii- ' '' '1r. 

lay's near HenK -k 

;.... . ..; :..u grounds at Sir Li...-.- Kur- 

nson's near Hoxne, Suffolk. His plans 
arc developed in a work entitled" Practi- 
eal Hints for Landscape Gardening, with 
some remarks on Domestic Architecture 
as connected with Scenery." l&H. Second 
edition, 8vo. lS3j. 

When, in the course of a conrersation 
upon the crowded state of all professions, 
it was casually remarked to Mr. Gilpin, 
that hit profession at least was not nu- 
merous, he quietly replied, " No, there 
is but one.' He afterwards admitted 
that there wns one Pontct, " a gardener,'' 
in Derbyshire. Mr. Nestield, of Eton, 
may be regarded as bis successor in his 
art. 

He has Icfl two sons : one, Ibe Rcr. 
Mr. Gilpin, is Perpetual Cumte of Aln- 
wick, in Northumberland : oootbcr is 
gone to India. 



Jaueb Haiu:will. 

Jl/ay 2& At bis apartments in Adam- 
street West, Brynnstone-square, in bis 
G6tb yeor, James Hakewill. nrchitect. 

This gentleman wa.s principally known 
by publications on architectural antiqui- 
ties and the fine arts. His first work 
was a novel, entitled " roclcbs suited; 
or, the Stanley Letters," iHlii. 

In 181.3 be produced a large volume in 
imperial 4to. called "The History of 
Windsor and its Neighbourhood," with 
21 cngmvings and I i vignettes from his 
own drawings, price five guineas. The 
views were (roni his own pencil. It was 
well received at the time, and many years 
after he was much gratified on receiving 
the thonks of Sir JclTry Wyattville for 
the publication, coupled with the assur- 
ance •' ••. ■• ' '• iiltcralions in that abode 
of ic A endearourcd to carry 

out hi .. 'IIS, 

When tiie acncnil peace opened the 
Continent to Kngli^li travellers, he went 
to Italy, IK ' by his wife, whoso 

taste mid i lied her thoroughly 

to enjoy iiU in, i»»iiiics of nature and nrt 
ibat VTcrv dispUyed boforv them, and 
^£ 



510 



OniTtrAny/— Jo/i« Murray, E^j. F.S.A. 



[Aflg. 



there they patsed the greater part of the 
years 1810 and 1817, which afforded 
the materials for a " Picturesque Tour 
of Italy," which wa« published, with 
aixty-three plates, in twelve parts, quarto 
and folio, 1818— 18-2U, illuttrated by pa- 
lallelf of Dorton House, Hatfield, I^ng- 
leat,and WoUaton, in Enf;Iand ; and the 
PalaMo Delia Carccllaria, at Rome. This 
i« on interesting irork, both in its literary 
matter and in illustrations. Among the 
latter are some engravings from fine draw- 
ingiby Turner, one of which, a composi- 
tion of Roman edifices, surpasses any 
picture by Pannini. This work was 
brought out with great care, and imme- 
diately obtained a high rank in the esti- 
mation of the public, which it is well 
qualified to retain, as, for accuracy of 
delineation, and excellence of engraring, 
it does not yield to any that sprung from 
that fruitful field. 

In lN2j he published, in folio, " A 
Picturesque Tour in the Island of Ja- 
maica, from drawings made in the years 
IMO and 1821." 

■ In 1828, " Plana. Sections, and Elc\-a- 
tiont of the Abattoirs of Paris, with con- 
liderations for their adoption in London," 
4to. 

In 1835, "An Attempt to determine 
the exact Character of ElLzabetbaii Ar- 
chitecture," 8vo. 

In the year 1840 he was engnged in 
furnishing drawings for a projected work 
on the Rhine, which it was intended 
should hare been a counterpart to his 
" Italy," but which has never been pub- 
lished, the drawings remaining in the 
hands of the engraver. 

I Mr. Hakewill was much attached to 
the fine arts, and highly esteemed by his 
friends for his taienls uiid kindness of 
heart. His wife died i2it(\ .Imiuiiry |H4i', 
at Calais, on their way home from Ger- 
many, leaving three sons, viho appear to 
potcew the tolenta of their parents. 

John Mi'aaAy, Es<). F.S.A. 

■ Jtint 87. In Albemarle Street, in bis 
Oath yenr, John Murmy, Esq. the dis- 
tincuisheii publisher. 

He was the only son, bjr a second 
marrincT, nf Mr. John M'Miiiray. a 
tut IV '. who was originally 

an < -•. and in 17(18 «iir- 

cat.' 
ait. 

on I . 

aMp with till- 
1^ ma Co.. thr '.: 

^ft j^' itiat.Mr. 

■ FJ' of"Thii 

^^ Shijiiw. iiaitiiei') 

■nd ail .Mr. M*- 



>ok^^ 

t«^H 

ana 



Murray to Falconer on this f" 
printeniuNichols's" Literary 
lii. 729. The Poet would , . -1 
have entered into partnership with h 
but was unfortunately lost in the Aur 
frigate. A ship figures in full »nil on tl 
bill-beads of Mr. Alurrav's old accouuL, 
allusive to his original liestination in th( 
Marines. 

On settling in Fleet Street as a book 
seller, Mr. Al'Murray (aftcm-ards kno 
a» Mr. Murray) was ushered immediai 
into notice by publishing a new edition 
Lord Lyttelton's " Diuloguea," 
also an edition of his "History; 
under his auspices many useful works 
were ofTertdtothe learned world. Lan 
home's Plutarch, Dalrymple's Amu 
and Mitford'9 Greece, are three 
Mr. Murray's surviving publicationi 
He also published Bcvcral pampli 
connected with his trade, and was 
author in various shapes. 

Mr. Murray's father died Nov. 0, 17! 
when John was in hit fifteenth year, 
age too young to conduct the busim 
unaided, lie was, however, joined by 
Mr. Samuel Highley, the assistant and 
shopman of old Mr. Murray, and t' 
father of the |)rcscnt Mr. Highley, tl 
bookseller, of Fleet Street. When Ml 
Murmy was of age, he entered into pai 
ner«hip with Highley, but this was ni 
of long contiounnce, as the deed of se; 
ration is dated ^6th March, 1803. T 
drew lots for the house, and Murray 
the good fortune to remain at No. Mi 
Higlil. • -■■"■••■■ ii|i f<ir himself at No. 
and I .vith him, by iigrecme: 

the I.IK >> connexion ot the fin ^ 

a eonnuxioii enjoyed by bis aon to tbii 
day. 

Mr. Murray now started on his o' 
account, and began a career of publi 
tion unrivalled in the history of Irit 
In IH(I7 he added " The Art of Cook 
by Mrs. Kundell, t» his list ; in 1809 
Quart friv Review : and in 1W| I " Chil 
Harold." One of his nirlieat Iriends 
advi^v 1 " ■ ■' T , ilhor 

" Tl 

:■■■ ■'■ ■ ■"■««"> 

his pubhailioii of .Strufl 
m'.'.j Il.vll."c.IitiMl by Scott. j 



His I'ui 
iind friend 



In 



f.ii p. 
The 




.farhtbad k 

LonI Bjrtoa. Dc n a ftmiimm. wt 

In* head km mf. vkn lMh« aat lb* 

ll8.ar"CUUr 

Bi ted hB« ■ pBct-i 

iv Ik h^ « •««« in " 

Tb»A rt i M iMihi um ,«TW 

if Um Bf(«ni Lifc «■< Waifa wil aoK 
wwlli ft Am Mwfly mm m wkiA h* had 
M Mr. Itenr: ami the cs- 
■M itjwit lena of iir— . vyck 
pMI WfWeia Ae bmbs af ki* 

ik* [i iuy ow H pMtfodiaa of ki* fkf. ttm 
laaikt^ Wtfc (wtf/antn «l« 

liwui «crte mVa k the aocl ac 
to Ua c u f |Mking frieai, • ikc «Mf oT 
•* kc cdb Ua 'Md Ike 
AHkoT 

" Mr. Umnmrt 



M 

Hb t mi yggtei were tenuti ac 
tc iun i ya i pace*— 4ar kc nrwR 
■kow ika MB if ke wtatti eke 
Toflillkiin (ke— 

Tootea, Uuot of the ttari 

kim kot a portisa of hi* 



Cga«i«K hi» ami JaUaa \ 
BfCMi wuk oU Jaeok IwMsali 



kael kar^tlM wkk Jobs Drydcn, — J«ha 
Mmnttj't ktrJ eaoA vi(b Jacob'* tflffti 
eats. BtR be 4id mote rerr «ften Ikaa 
abide \ij bit agnrmmt. To CanpbeU 
kt 4o«U9<i Ike prior «grced apom for Ui 
Dt of Ike Poeta.' br pnoKtbe 
HJOI. and aMivAlOC. hhvc. 
!OL per wtuine atMnJooil to 
CoBoia^baDi for bit 'Lira of 
rftWt Atittt.' and m':'!r t^c psT- 



of Vaix ar Baciloa'* : la* • 

la^oie ia l a a i diw . Tern 
miked ia UtttatHc, h «i. er bi I 
kaC base aartakcn of tkc baafitalkiti fli 
Hr. Ma^rtttMc. V TaMaatedapl- 

Iciy af portnatig 

Vitb hoc a Oanb aad ikcR ■ 

w bad Mr. Morta;: bat Tw 
Kat Qok pictom were aD 
Mr. Mana;''t Idl-kala were 
■ionii comnritnom to men like 
rrnce, Pbillip*, Hoppoer, Newton, I 
m^Si, and Wilkie ; uiil twrtnit*, f 
Wjkn aad Scott, Moore ind Ol 

SootkeratMl <;"■•'■< n.i.^ i 

ban. Wasfc 

nifivillc- — » 'f 



la rrimc in iiis own huTii. 



"' Tb Sir WaUtT Scvll. 
' AJbemarU Strvri, Junr h, ie89. 

\Mt tar Sir,— 5fr. I^khmt ba« 
Bent comaittnicated your letter 



[bryugr. iru: : 
ai wcrr Sou- 
an-t W.:L-i... 

irtay let ft 
lii mpe him, 1 >vfl 

woik*, lilt' Joumalt of Livul, E/rf I 



212 



John Murrni/, Esq. F.S.A. — Rw, James Worskh. 



I 



Lady Sale, were cacli, in the langunge of 
the trade, a lucky bit. He might have 
had, it ia true, ' The Bridgcwalcr Trea- 
tises," and he made a mistake with ' The 
Rejected ArldrcsEcss.' ' I could have had 
'■ The Rejected Addresses " for ten 
pounds,' he said to the writer of lliis no- 
ticc, ■ but I let them go by as the kite of 
the moment. See the result ! I wjib de- 
termined to pay for my neglect, and I 
bought the remainder of the copyright lor 
liO guineas.' The ' Navy Jjist' and 
other publications ore thus referred to by 
Lord Byron : — 

Along thy spruceat book-shelves shine 
The works thou decmcst most divine. 
The ' Art of Cookery' and mine. 

My Murray. 

Tour*, Travels, Essays too, I wist. 
And Sermons to thy itiill bring prist. 
And then thou hast * The Navy List,* 
IMy Murray. 

He <aid once, to the present writer: 
' Lord Byron used to come to my shop 
in Fleet Street, fresh from Angclo's 
and Jackson's. Mis great amusement 
was moking thrusts with his stick, in 
fencer's fashion, at the spruce l>ook$, ns 
he called them, which I bod arranged 
upon my shelves. He disordered a row 
for mc in a short time, alnnys hitting the 
volume he had singled out for the exer- 
cise of Ilia ^kill.' He added, with a 
btugh, ' I was sometimes, as you will 
guess, glad to get rid of him.' 

" Let us illustrate his sagacity in bu- 
siness, by an anecdote which will be new 
to many of our renders. Constable pub- 
lished a little < Uislor)' of England ' in 
one small volume, which, ns it wire, fell 
still-born from the press. Murray per. 
ceived its merits, bought Constable's 
share, and bajitiiicd his little purchase by 
the name of ' Mrs. Markham's History 
of England,' a name it still enjoys. The 
work Ilouri»hed in bis hmuls, and is, to 
this day, tealixinga large nniuml profit." 

Another great undertaking of Mr. 
Munay's was the " Family I^ibrary." 
This series, which undoubtedly contains 
many works of much eteellcnce and viduc, 
was not so nd^.l lo Mr. Mutiny 

8s might have !• lod. 

cstii! d " Tlio 

llcpi. , i>c ol all 

who were awnre <ji Mr. i^lurrn) .< general 
ability in literary speculstion*, It proved 
a failure, and was sotn 

To enumerate Ibi- : li ivhom 

Mr. Murray »n> • ■ -r-nll 

his most cell >i- 

porarin. By I _ uc, 

S«wlc«, Soullnry, Waahington Irying, 




Milmnn, Wilson Croker, Bnrrow, lA>ck. 
hart, and an innumerable list of emini 
travellers and others, he was resarded 
a (it associate and a valued on ' 
friend ; and their sentiment- 
recorded in their writings. <Ji i 
was a constant correspondent ; and it is 
to him that many of the Poet^ most 
brilliant as well as famous and confidential 
letters arc addressed. And it may here 
be added, that of all the numerous cir ' 
with whom lie was connected, no one hi 
cause to regret having reposed in him t 
most entire confidence; for tiis vb 
transactions were ecjually just and li 
In private society he was much beloved. 
His disposition was benevolent and kindly, 
his manner polished, and his babi 
hospitable and social. His departure wf 
leave n blank not easily filled, in the hea 
of tbe many friends who lament his I 
The Literary Gaielle thus speaks of Ml 
Murray : 

" Mis situation in the literary world has 
long l)een most prominent ; and there 
hardly an author of high reputation, eitlii 
now living or dead within the hist qUBrti 
of a century, \^io has not enjoyed his ?i 
timacy and regard. With the maioril 
bis social intercourse was most gratifyini 
and his libemlity towards their publi 
undertakings such us merited thciresteei 
and gratitude. That he was warnii 
hearted and generous will t>e nlloweil by 
who everkncw him ; whilst those who hi 
the pleasure of a more genial acpiaintnui 
with him, will long remember his live] 
conversation, and the ready humoi 
which often set the table in a roar, 
was, indeed, on such occasions a vi 
agreeable companion, and his ready \rl 
was only an indication of the aculeni 
and judgment which he carried into hi 
professional concerns. His clear mi 
in this respect led him to enieqirizca 
great pith and moment ; and we owe to 
some of the most celebrated « orks in oi 
language. * • • He was a true friend fl 
the arts, which he largely employed." 

In 161^, he bought the good will and 
house of Mr. W. Miller, No. j(l, Albe- 
marle .■Street, removing thither from No. 
:«. Fl. 

iurray married Misa 
'■'■'-' -Her at Edi 
'I hiswido 




In I 

liot, iIk 

huii;li. Till 
Willi three 



u Mill 

successor, Mr. John Murray, the rditii 
of the Continental iland-biKiks, who \iL 
hope will emulate the friendly and libcrsT 
traits of his father's eharactcT. 



Rev. J 
jMly~, At N( . 
73rd year, tfac U«r. 



■rt, 

, Vftic,\n 1 
Jamts Woni^ 




iilulliw "i^-T **^ 
BniaC Ac w^ '^ '^^'^ 

i|t,ti i^t kn bent was ia !■• 
ori tet k* «>• oaJn ao acker 

Oh •!••««< 'IT- 

Mr. Woni(i-> utsis >0c af 
npcrioc mAu, ml ia U* MMe i 
diSn «Mck »«« pUa *• V a4 
«IM<. tkc(c vat a aaonl daqacane. a 
ttefinctaew of to y ytrii »erV 
• foace •bbea U 



Oa XWori«Ur tW lafc, jinrnoM to 



(don yaw tkcm 
(•(T CO mwt. 
Ja TWor^- 

ikaraaonl 

hi P9|mB StnM to Oc 

(ftctiif in WtM caarton tecai, hidi 
«HM aaa m»% by tke Rrr. Mr. Hoganli, 
«f Oariiagteo, in tke pmenoe of a trt 
rtom^eA rongrrcitioo, at ) ptat 1 1 otjock 
A.M. TbaboOy Unrig been pkeediatlw 
rlMitM. the prorrMion oxnrtd np fOgriai. 
Mivrt, b)r Blar-kett.<tRct and ClaTtaa. 
alfrat, in ibo foll"<vinff orJr r : 

0«u Beam sine to 

ibc fchoo!'. rtr> 'ii buck 

to the 
< of the 
oGaiM, 
(.' bcane 
idurniiig 
__n«gc o( 1 I New- 

^^^^apomai Dum' ■ i Kevenl 

^tlwr private curu^si alui v\liiclk «re(c 




yMfd^eBar. 



ikeUiM «( 



He 
T«ai^ «r 
vkare ke 
Wiaiilff.MJLnSt; 

Tie 

Kcoa. m4 

caa4 laa af Iftc Vcfy I 

He«Haffit.MHr 
,BJI.l8t«,M~A.l 

' of Uacala ia iSSfi. 

•TK. liHilii 
Baf-alieet, wbiek ke tta^mek m IC 

Jby XX Aged ^ Ikr Ber. 
hpttr AObam, far fgrtr.«K jvi 
Mfaal Cacatc of EDaad. Taikaba 
far thtftr-tvo ymn Cma$s W St. 1 
iMdf. He «aa af Ifiihlfaf < 
Cambidee. B.A. ITSCTMJL 1?RL 

At Waida, Beda. Mttd », tftr Rcr. 
/V«toicd JferNy Anv, Vlev a^ Soalk. 
kill witk Wapden. He «M of 
cDOtKc, Od«rd,lLA. I8»: toa « 
tothetiaiagc of l .l Ma ii ciia ad fa Me. 
eban, MniitgnwiiiiMie, ia ItSii, bjr Or. 
CloiTtr Ike Bp. of %. Auoli : 
taated to Ikc nf. 
Peaateokcafairc. : 
WaJct; anil to tnc iicurn^;!! m 
in 1816 b)r Mr. Wliitbrrad. 

Mf 16. At <'-' '•"-'■•" •»■- " 
niUiam Ck^, I 
SiifMxcollrgr, ■<< 
to bu Majesty, iie wa* tiie »«gi 





Clergy Deceased. 



I 



V 



Willisin Cbafy, M.A. of St. John's col- 
lege, eoim'timc one of the Esquire Bi'dclg 
of the s»uic university, and who snbse- 
"juciitly liecsnie Fellow ol Sydney col- 
lege, iind ultimately .Minor Ciinon of 
Curiteibury (of whom a memoir will lie 
found in our Magazine for XViQ, vol. 
«en. i. 180) by Alary, only daughter nnd 
beircta of John Chafy, e«q. of Sherborne, 
CO. Dorset. He graduated B.A. IHX), us 
eth senior optime, M.A. I8(KI, b.D. 
1810, D.D. jierlit. rrg. 1«14; wiis Fellow 
and Tutor of the college, elected Miistcr 
of the college in 181.1, nnd was in the 
same year Vice-chancellor of the Uni- 
versity, and again in 1829. Dr. Chafy 
had the reputation of being exceedingly 

wealthy, nnd has Icit |iro|ii i'- ' 

ing in amount even the ' 

those most intimately ac()i'i 

affairs ; the hulk of which is left to his 
grandson, the heir of his onlr child Wm. 
Westwood Chafy, est), of Conington 
House, near Cambtidge, who married in 
1839 Annetta, daughter of the Rt. Kev. 
Samuel 'Kyle, D.H. Lord Bishop of 
Cork. Dr. Chofy'a sister, Mary, was 
married in 1799 to John-Alinct 3d Lord 
Hennikcr. His funeral look place on 
Monday, May 82. The Fellows, Scho- 
lars, and Undergraduates of the col- 
lege assembled in the Combinnlion-room, 
and as the l)ody left the lodge joined in 
the procession, which patsed round the 
two courts. Willinm Westwood Chafy, 
etq. (the only son of the deceased) acted 
at.' the chief mourner ; there were also 

rent Lord Hennikcr, the Rev. Wm. 
Chafy, Mr. John Chafy, and Mr. 
William Henniker. The funerid sutviee 
was impressively performed by the Rev. 
Ucorge Maddison, Vicar of All Stints, 
after which the remains were deposited 
in a vault in the chapel, by the side of 
those of several previous Masters. 

At Belfast, (he Kev. ./I. C. Mttarititjf, 
Vicar of Belfnst. 

Mai/ 17. Aged 79. the Rev, /oAn 
Paltinton, Perpetual ('urate of Repton, 
Derbyshire, for nearly 39 years. 

May SO, Aged 3f>, the Rev. Thamnt 
Jamti Daritt, Minister of Enlwiitle 
Chapel. 

At the house of (he Bisliop of Chi. 

Che*''^*''" l^^-it ^'-^rri*, t . I *ri>«i ■•liiki -c.iiir.r.t 

the 

all'! 
for.l 
t)0^ 



to one who has b«en an exhibitioner; on 
the foundation of Willinm ilulme, esq, 

May 81. At Tevcrsal, Notts, aged 
the Rev. Ethvanl BIrncowe, M.A. 
rute of that imriih, youngest son of 
late Samuel Blencowe, esq. of Mnrs" 
St. Lawrence, Northamptonshire 
was fonncrly Fellow of Oriel collq 
Oxford. 

Mag 22. At Whitchurch, Bucks, 
63, the Rev. TAomat Archer, Vicaf 
that parish, lie was of Peterfaouse, Cai 
bridge, M.A. 1807, and vm presented 
Whitchurch in 1012 by Lord Chancellor 
Eldon. 

Aged fid, tilt Rev. /ohn liowlln Brov\ 
Vicar of Prestbury, Cheshire, and a 
■ -iti- for that county. He was 

I to Prestbury in 18(X» by Ml 
i. - ibeth Lcgh. 

At Liunrbaiadr in Cinmerch, Denbigh- 
shire, aged 47, the Rev. Edward WiU 
llamt, M.A. for 23 years Vicar of t 
parish, eldest son of the late Rev 
Williams, of Llanbcdrog, co. Camatvi 
He was collated to bis living in 1822 by 
the Bishop of Bangor. 

May 23. At UroUKhton In Fumei 
LancHshire, in hi* ?Oth year, the ili 
William Peaiton, for more than fil 
years Perpetual Curate of that place. 

May i\. At Kiskerton, near Lincol 
aged 37, the Rev. Jamet Armilttei 
M.A. Curate of that place, I'erpet 
Curate of Barlings, near Lincoln, and 
Vicar of Thorpe bt. Peter, near Wain, 
fleet. He was presented (b Barlings in 
1 830. 

The Rev. ./.ir..' " 
St. Paul's, Ncv 
He was of Chnu . .,..,. 
B.A. 1H.58. He bad been nme years 
Newport, ond previously lind ttic chai 
of a small pnrish in Ptn 

At Mahlctbor|ie, L< in his 

Qolh year, the Rev. /. i/>/«rm/.y. 

Mayii. At Eye cottage, near Lco- 
tninstcr, In his bii rear, the Rev. Aai 
Th'imat. M..\. Perpetual Curate 
Leinlhall Earl's nnd Kyton, Hereto: 
shire. He was 
Karl', by the Vic 

Kt i>lnli'l' I 

-1 hi, the Re> 
. .. itur of the tjnioii c. 



ellor 



lire. 



At I'.iTTtham, ('amhridi: 



cQ(i»e Ap' 

,,l I! \ I 



of i; 



n* 



laAii«afb«l,wtiicUUiiu.'lic«iaalway*({ivtiii t<ftk,U.D. VtWovt oi Magdalen cuUr 



IMS."] 



Obitttary. 



' - Minister of 

ri. He was 

., 1789, wiui 

Trinity college, Oxford, in 
and clectcil n ncmy of 
ollpge«t t! ' '■<. 

ftuml until 



utTecnon tor 

H Ht Kilburn, 

" gi'Cvl to rIIuw of a 

ion ; nnil refusing; several 

of tliem of 

Icaotideiklii uned to the 

' of b.» ^. inj died, after 

I long and severe illness, uiiiviTMilly be- 
ovcd and regretted. His abililies were 
bis scholarship sound : rcinarknbly 
Eoont and uuri^'ht in bis chiirurler, sincere 
■yhd' in the di«chHrgc of 

, and of a very 

u.vposition. 

R, in his SUtti year, the Ucv. 

jer» LawreHce, Per^ictiial 

ill»t« of Wliitehiiich, Somerset; only 
on oi the Ute Win. Rogers Lawrence, 
of Andford, Gloueestershire. He 
lof Trinity college, Cambridge, B.A. 

May il. At Lnndbfiich, Cainbiidgc- 

yhirc, the Kev. Bdwarii AiiiUton, Rector 

pf tlist parish. He was of C>>rpti< Christi 

all. Camb. B.A. I7>)7. as lOth Senior 

[Opume, AI.A. IHOO, U.D. 1807; and 

iraa presented to Lis living by that Society 

nil. 

At the vicarage, Mottrom, near Mun- 
cliealer, (the residence of bis son-in-law, 
be Rrv. U. Siddon,) aged Oo, the Rev. 
Paul, late of Uumpton, near Rams- 

88. At Misterton, Somerset, 
(l , the Awv. nurjfen Lamhtrl, late 
Ticiit of Kriuvell, Noithamptonkbire. 
Jc n^fc the yoiuigeat son ol the late 
Robert Latnhrtt, es<j. of Dorchester, wait 
i$t. iiAn'i i-iillegr, Ciimbiidge, 1}.\. 
.' ; and was firesentcd to 
I by J. W.llis, e»<i. He 
111, ' |h:)T, Mary, eldest 
cr uf bir Alexander Kainaay, Bart, 
nain. 
Ma^ 30. At flarrnwdcn.Niirihiimpton- 
»hire, aired (ii. the Urv. William Wight 
He «•»» "f 
B.A. latll, 

., A.\. 1804; and 

id to Hartowdcn io 18U8 by 
riltiiiin. 
t.,-:- -I 41, Ibe Rev. Hmry 

i'heii , Lliial Cufate of Nether 

l^'iuUiy, LI'i iiltc, •"'! ■ In (Ihrt- 

irtxle, of Uitkley, h . fiMt, 



: fitted to his If ting by hia 



ir 

fi. I 

... -. Lhc Rev./. />«*, ofBroekle.* 
ford, SuH'olk, late Rector of Naziiig^ 
Essex, and Chaplain to bis late U.ii. the 
i>uke of Sussex. 

June 3. At the recloiy, Ayleilon«, 
' ■ ■■■ ,.,10!), the R*v. aUierl 
ol Si. John's college, 
... . ,., _;.. . 17'.I5, il.A. \TM>. 

June 4. At Karasg-ule, aged 67, the 
Rev. Jamtf Thelwalt Sahuiury, Rector 
of St. Mary Aldermanbiiry, London; 
first cousin of the late Sir Robert Salus. 
bury, Uart. He was the younger son of 
the Rev. Thelwall Salusbury, Rector of 
(Jraveley, Herts, by bis cousin Elixa- 
l)Cth, daughter of the Rev. Lynch Salui. 
bury, Vicur uf OtUey in the same county. 
Ho «vns of Trimly ball, Cambridge, 
LL. B. I7DI, and was elected to his city 
living in It*)?, by M ' ners. 

June a. In iSr Miire, aged 

.SI, the Rev. T/r i . .hh/jIoh, late 

Curate of Charlton, Wilts; son of th« 
bite William Krampton, c->q. He wsi 
uf St. Jobn'a coUc^, Cambridge, B.A. 
1841. 

June 7. At Clonmacnoise glebe, 
King's county, in his Wd year, the Rev, 
Juhn Gay Ftltgerald. 



DEATHS, 

LONDON AND ITS VICINITV. 

A/irind. At Bush Hill, Enfield, in 
bis ((4th year, Isnac Currie, esq. of Loo- 
■Ion, baukcr. He otarricd Marianne, 
daughter of Job Mathvw Raikes, esq. 
and by that lady, who died in 1634, wo* 
fnther of Raikes Currie, esq. M.P. for 
Northampton, who married in 183,5 the 
Hon. .Sophia Wodehougo. 

May 15. In Portnian-sq. iu her .3d 
year, tlie Hon. Emily-Blanche Batemaa, 
Ilanbury, youngest child of Lord Bat6« 
man. 

Afny 1><. In Abingdon-strcet, WesU 
minster, aged (i3, Rear-Adm. William 
Maude. He was made a Commander ia 
18(1.1, luid promoted to |>05t-rank in IhOT. 
lujau. IH09, he commomlcd the Jason 
frigate, employed in bloikaiiing riiindn* 
loupe. In 18:j| he was appointed In ilia 
Salisbury 58, the flag-ship of Re:ir-Adia. 
Fnhie, on the Halifax stalion. He nt. 
t/iincd the rnnk of Rcnf-Adiu. In IK4I. 
He married June Ifl, IBI3, Anui:, only 
daughter of the In'- '•■'■■■ ilaUcl, ea^. 
ithicU buly died A ' 

;*/iiy.!l. Iu IJ' . Vice-Adnu 

Jnnira Keilli ShepaiU. lie was madv 
I.ieul. 1777, I'ost-Captain I7!W; after 
wlii<:h ho coiiiinnndr<l the Rcduulit ^0, 
statiuucd M a Itualing battery in Ibe 



I 



Obituary. 



Ktlg4 



Homber. In IfllO he was appointed to 
saperintcud the impieiis service at Graves- 
cod, and he was afterwards euiploved in 
the preventive service. 

June 8. In the Milc-end-road, aged 
58, the Rev. Joseph Fletcher. D,D. of 
Stepney, author of " Lectures upon Po- 
pery," and many able single discourses. 

June 11. In Grosvenor-place, iigcd 
35, Colouel Fortescue, eldest »on of Tho- 
mas Strangcways, esq. of Wells Park, 
Sonierietshire. He took the name of 
Fortescue from his late maternal uncle 
Sir Fred. FoKescue, and snccecded his 
father as Colonel of the North Somerset- 
shire Yeomanry about five years since. 

June 13. In Gower-st. Aliss Crbp, 
second lUu. of the Into John Crisp, esq. 
of Dereham, Norfolk. 

June 15. At C'Uipham, Surrey, aged 
lOS, Mrs. Honor Johnson. 

In Sussex Gardens, Hyde Pork, aged 
CI, Mrs. General Yates. 

At Hnckney, aged 72, Thomas Duprec, 
esq. of the Uank of England. 

June 16. At Kcnnington, aged '>5, 
Joseph Hazard, esq. Deputy Assistant. 
Comni. GcD. 

June 17. Capt. Blount. He bad been 
neting as commander of the Royal yacht 
the Victoria and .\lbert, and from some 
cause was informed by the Lords of tho 
Admiralty that he could not have his 
commission laid before her Majesty, in 
consequence of which he committed 
suicide. Verdict, " Temporary insa- 
nity." 

Ju Highbury-pl. aged 79, Tliomos Wil- 
son, esq. Treasurer of Highbury College. 

Aged TO, William Cozens, esq. of Bun- 
hill-row, and Amwell-st. Cl.ircniont-sq. 

June \>i. Charles J. Wilkinson, »q. 
latfl of PciitonvUlc. 

Aged 7 1 , Charles White, esq. of Corron 
W'barf, Lower E.ist Smithfield. 

Aged '6, John Coles, e>(|. for upwards 
of 4U yeoi'S in the Hon. East India Co.'a 
CWI Serf. 

June 19. Aged 6i, Mary Ana, relict 
of Edward Cohen, esq. of Uie City and 
Islington, 

June ■io. At Brorapton, aged 8t5, Janv, 
relict of C. Pierce, esq. 

In Amen-court, Sr. Paal's, agod 90, 
Anne, wife of the Uev. W. J, Hall, 
Minor Canon of St. Paul's, stid Rector 

of s ■• r 

A vifo of Robert 

Scol.. . .,. .., :1. 

Junr.'t. A I . Falhsm, aged 

0«, J M. P,! 

veacy, esq. of Slour. 

toil 

•' 'igcdHdiAdara 

Hui .,ts. 



At Bayswatcr-hill, aged 79, John Field, 
esq. late of the Mint. 

Aged «f , Mary, twin sister of Elizabeth 
Brnyon, who died in Feb. last, and sistvr 
of the late S. Y. Benyon, esq. Attoi-ney. 
Gen. for the co. Chester. 

In Park-pl. Sophia, widow of Martin 

Hind, esq. of Newton Green T . ,1,, 

and eldest dou, of the late ^ . a- 

con lllingnorth, D.D. of Im . . , :;car 
Lincoln. 

In Berkeley-sq. aged C9, Ricliard Iliun- 
frcy, esq. Staif Surgeon, and furmerly of 
the 5Gth Regt. 

June 23. Aged S-J, Miyor John Cole, 
half-pay, late of the -l.'ith llegt. 

In Chester-st. GrosAcnor-pl. Anna, 
wife of Hednorth Lnmblon, esq. M.P. 
She was the eldest dnu. of the ktc Gcr« 
vase Parker Bushe, esq. and was married 
in 183.^ 

At Brorapton, aged .12, Mary Franck- 
lyn, wife of Henry Nichols, esq, of the 
Middle Temple, Barrister, and cMesl dau. 
of the late Thomas Bull Williams, esq. 
of Gower-st. and Orange Grove, Jamaica. 

In Albany-st. Regent's Park, Henrietta 
Sophia, youngest dau. of the Intc Lieut.. 
Col. George Wilton, of the Hon. East 
India Co.'s Senr. 

At the Archbishop of Armagh's, in 
Charleg-st. St. James's, aged (ij. Lady 
Catharine Bercsford, sister to his Grace, 
and aunt to the Marquess of Watcrford. 

June 24. In Sussci-pl. Regent's Park, 
aged 7!), Robert Hunter, c«q. 

June ii'j. Aged 7-, John Dearie, esq. 
of Old Church-st. Paddington. 

June 'J(i. Louisa, second dau. of 
Symonds Bridgwater, esq. 

June i'7. Antliooy Hammond, esq. of 
Saville-ronr. 

June 2'd. At Brixton. hill, aged C9, 
James Hawkins, esq. 

In Pork-st. Grosrenor-sq. Mary-Rivers, 
second dan. of tbe Ute Capt. Lewis 
Graham. 

June i9. Aged 55, Tliomas Francis 

Ranee, esq. of the Cily-ro»d, many years 

" i the City of London Lying-in 

lid to the jiarochial infirnmry 

- d 7 J, Madame Teresa 

'if (lactano Bartolozii, 

ngraver, Fruiicosco 

r iif Mrs. Charles 

>et, ThoiBM 



.Sue . ul A 1 uUl i(h bb«ria for 

Surrey in 1 ii;. 

lu r ii. l'ca(wiriU*> *c«<I ^'i, 

WlUi esq. 



At 

Curt 



1u3.mMW5uC-^±, 




•u*.— /y^ 4. At St. CtftMrt'l, 

■rfM IfMk. «^. 

HtiB* Jm» ». At 

•((4 77. MwT.vtfeafW 
At f jitm \m , BMT Xei>ta>7. ^t^TO, 

Bwcc*. Jmt II At tkt kme of 
Ui Ml. Slaa* S«ndb(< Jom fiUlb, 
knthcroT Mb Slolh. D.D. 

Jn» 20. At Britsdl, ^«d 69, Ike 
lte». Mwy CMudrm. re&ct of BiAw4 
CWilw Head Otmrm, cm). aad ifatar of 
ta*tl Savv mU S()«. She««illwma§(r 
4h. of TWaaoB. I«H S«}« ad Ml*, br 
4m. or Hr Bdvai 



lAe ftb fcr aM 

«— OyfiWr ii |ltiwi»lfc»« 



/Mr IS. At V«r CiCHit. xar Tor. 
m^tom ifed -^lte9Bral.nliMirMB 



INtMT. Bat. I VM ■atrial int ta I7«0 
to Mnrd iwnH Rkfcatta. oq. m* 
'VbooartSt. TlDO(a«.whMi miriifo wa» 
dunlrcd ia IT9e, ud neondly i« IMS 
to Mr. Gnmi. Ska bad Imb^ ho 
flnt Biarrian lbs lata lUm. Wil 
QucT. iUc. VoIm XX. 



/aM 91. At BnoHaaH. aeu Taafwy. 
Laiy Bfciaa. wifc of Adab fib Ckaria 
Bkiaa,KX.B. 

Jaw 33. AtMaaBtBa«orl,a«ad7i. 
Martka.. mUt of JaaifA Patkat. «a% af 
C|>Uai CWjney. Glaac 

/Mass. AtBaMalh.a(erlM.Lae]r, 
wBctafW«.tViar>art.aa»«ifXM»tM. 

Am». AHfiiiiirtil— <W, Miia 
rattM. riMar cf Iha late Wa. 
, at«. cf tke Wancn Uoaaa, aaar 
Dawlah. 

Uttlf. At Taraa«r> ifti 83. P. E. 



rar|a«7 






m 

Che 

' Am.. 



iUrk, eldest surviving ion of Siunuel E. 
k, es(|. of llfracoinlie. 

At Sloiicliousr, Eliza, second dnu. of 
the lue Rev. John Foley, of Ncwent. 

Juljft. At Exmoutli, aged 71, John 

via, e«q. 

July a. At Eieter, aged 69, Henry 
llancklcy Rogers, eHj.lastsorvinDgton of 
the late Ca|it. Robert Rogers, R. A. 

At Stonchouse, aged 7'<, Jr«n Eliza- 
beth, relict of Thomas Wiiidlc, esq. nf 
John-Bt. Bedford -row, and of Wick-hill 
Home, Berks. 

JulyW. Mary Julia Victoria, second 
daughter of the late Douatus O'Brien, 
esq. of St. Thomas, Exeter. 

Dorset. — March 17. At the rectory, 
Langton Matravcrs, Isle of Purbeck, aged 
.^I, Anna Maria, wife of the Rev. Joseph 
Kenwortiiy, and dau. of John Cass, esq. 
of Ware. 

June 14. At Lyme, aged 87, Mrs. 

«ry Newton, dau. of the late Joseph 

ewton, esq. of Salford House, Chipping- 
Norton, Oxfordshire. 

June iX. At Weymouth, aged Co, 
Gilbert Munro, esq. of the Island of St, 
Vincent. 

At Studland, aged 14, Ed- 
third son of George Bankes, 



June 24. 
ward. Dee, 
M.P. 

Lately. At Parkslone, near Poole, 
d 32, Ann, dau. of Ihc late Capt. 

ammond. 

£ssEz. — Jimt 7. At Epping, aged 54, 
Mrs. Louisa White, eldest dau. of the late 
Chas. Clarance, esq. of Lodge Hall, 

June 35. At Ulting vicarage, Harriet 

binson. widow of William Kicoll, e»>). 
of the moniers of H.M. Mint, and 
dau. of the late Rev. R. R.Bailey, Chap, 
lain of the Tower. 

June 36. At Ingatestone, aged 28, 
Edward'Hunt, youngest son of William 
Butler, esq. 

At Great Horke^ley, in her SBlh year, 
Sarah, wife of the Rev. Arthur CapeJ Job 
W'allace, M.A. Curate of Huoton, Kent, 
and yonngett daughter of the late Lieut.- 
Gen. Elwci. 

July 2. At Chelmsfurd, Bg«d 6'.), 

T-- \'--.n, relict of Thomas Frost 

ri:n, — June li. AtCbeltcn- 
, iired 64, William Evans, caq. Ute 
eut.-CoI. 4Ist Itegt. 
f^nar^l. \t BrUtol, Sophia, wife of 
O. Lansduirne, •'>iq. 

' "■ ' Verbury, e»q. of.Shirc- 
Mn. 

.1 M M.-irilia, wife Of 
•pt. ■< 

I Jun: , , Ana, wife 

FTIiowiu DrcvGi, ux|. .M.U. 
June 'iv. At ciiftoii, at an advanced 



nge, Ann, eldest and last surviving sitter 
of the late Adm. SirW. llargood.G.C.U. 
and O.C.H.of Bath. 

Jjitely. At Clifton, aged 6!), Hannah, 
relict of William Osborne, esq. of Broad, 
way. Wore. 

July 5. At Cheltenham, aged G3, 
Cathurine Jnlia, relict of Henry Stuart, 
esq. of Cotmaton House, Sidmouth, and 
sister of the late Visrouul .\nsoo, the 
present Dean of Cheater, and the Hon. 
Sir George Anson. She was married to 
Mr. .Stuart in 1807. 

Hants. — June 16. At Bonraemoatb, 
ngcd <>?,, Nathaniel Polhill, esq. formerly 
of the Cliffe, Lewes. 

.\t Lymiugton, aged 91, Phoebe, relict 
of Wm. Beeston, esq. and lost surviving 
sister of the late Capt. Josjas Rogers, 
R.N. and Rear-Adm. Thomas Rogers. 

June 18. At Gatcomb rectory, aged 
81, Mary, wife of the Rev. Henry Wor»- 
lev, D.D. Rector of Gatcomb. 

June 20. At West Cowcs, I. W. Mary 
Ann, widow of llcncy Higgs, esq. late of 
Reading, and formerly of HocklifTc, Beds. 

June i'l. At Winchester, Charles 
Bbkiston, esq. formerly of the <tth Lan- 
cers, third son of the late Sir Matthew 
Blakiston, Bart. 

At Ventnor, I. W., Mr. James Drake, 
bookseller, of Bimiingbam. 

Lately. At LymingtoD, Elisabeth, 
wife of James Munro, esq. 

At Christchurch, aged 34, the wife of 
G. P. Dyke, t»q. 

At Highficld, near Southampton, the 
wife of H ^' ••■Ml. esq. 

AtN( , James Edwards.csq. 

At Id ivi-, aged ij, Helen, 

wife of Waller Twynam, esq. 

July I. At Everlcigh, aged 67, Wo. 
Pinckney, esq. 

July i. Kx. Week, Winchester, aged 
U'i, William Unrnctt, esq. 

July R. At Sonthnniplun, aged 7.1, 
Rachel, nslict of A. F. Nunez, esq. 

July 18. At Portaea, sgied 44, Mr. 
Henry Haskcl, Master of Lord Yarbo- 
rougli's yacht bnod. He was a highly, 
talented musiciiui, and was for a seriea of 
yf-r -' : ' : -fnnner on the truui|>et 
ai lid concerts in Porfji- 

At Hyde, I. W.. aged 41, Edward 

Kempton, c*n. Bnmster, son of ttin Ute 
K. -als. 

Ir\ bar 

at i<iiijuc M;iy '1^ I '^ u , and 

»!' Oxford, Worcester, aud 

Si 

' .At Whetstone, 

Vi . I'sq. 

Julji 1. Ai lliUtckl, aged 16, Julin 
Faro Tiiuliu, c«q. 



I 



Iti43.] 



Obituaby. 



Slj 



July 2. At Widfortl, ftgetl 79, Elixa- 
[fccili, itlict of the late llsndal Nurris, 
, of t!ie Inner Temple. 

IKfOBn. — Laid!/. At Kingslantl, 
KA, Riclinri) Fleming, rsi), 

y—'i I'l. At Whitstablc, 

< nged -tg, Thonins John 

Middle Temple, barris- 

■M-lavr, eldest son of the late Rer. T. 

e. Rector uf Kirkby on hum, near 

"~ ttlc. He waj of Sidney-Sussex 

Cambridge, B.A. 18i'(;, M.A. 

and was called to the bar at the 

liddlc Temple, June 7. 1H33. 

Juneli. At Stone Cottage, near Dart- 

brd, ag«d 91, Sumuel Notley, esq. 

June 18. At Woolwich, aged .11, 

Antoinette, wife of Capt. A. T. E. 

'idal. R.N. and eldest dau. of Hcory 

' Vcitch, esq. of Madeira. 

At Ospringe, on her road to DoTer, 
, «rd 45, Mary Eliia, wife of the RcT. 
ff udiard Keats, Vicar of Northflcet. 

June 23. At Saodgate, Caroline Ali- 
'() only dan. of Edward George, esq. 
I.D. 

Jmu S.?. At Dover, aged.l.i, Edward- 
_|enner, second son of the late Rev. Tho- 
~lDaa Pmen, of Dursley, Ulouc. 

June Tt. At Deal, aged 81, Ann, 
relict of WiUiam Hulke, esq. M.D. 
July I. At Maidstone, Anne, eldest 
au. of llcory .Mlnutt, esq. 
July 2. At Charlton, aged Gl, Miss 
Lydia Carrey, dau. of the late Rer. John 
Currey, of Dartford. 

July H. Aged 80, the relict of William 
fetberaole, esq. of Margate. 

Lancaster. — Lately. Susanna, wife 
of the Ker. Thomas Raren, M.A, minis- 
ter of Trinity church, I'rcston. 

LmcEi^rER. — June 7. .\t Leicester, 
i^harles Meredith, esq. formerly one of 
the ('oroners for the county. 

Junes. At Kilworth house, aged 17, 
Arthur, yonogest son of Richard Goagh, 
esq. 

—June 16. Aged Ao, Elixa- 
1 1) .Ian. of the late Rev. Francis 

rtiis'-iJ, Rector of Waehingborough, 
~jocoln. 
ioi.%f.KT:.— June 29. At Enfield, 
bvepb Vaughan, esq. many years in the 
onimif«ion of the peace for Middlesex. 
J1 tid s«i<-iae by drowning him- 

ow River, in consequence, it 
; .,r u.^i„r, g large snm of 
in busioe.'o. lie 
fiuT tightly with a 
■ I coiled a piece of eotd 
■Mtb itn irno weii^bt of 



'"IT'"' 
money by 

l.kd li.d <: 



li( 



fh>' 



tloa. Verdict—" Temporary Inaanity." 



Jtme SB. At Ealing, Adelaide-Rubin' 
son, dan. of Francis Nicholas, D.CL. 

July i. At Pnlracr's Green, .<>ou(ii> 
gate, aged 7?. Anne, widow of Hugb 
Maccaughey, esq. and late of Park-crcac. 
Portlaud-|)l. 

July '). At Forty Hall, Enfield, aged 
"(i, I/ouisa-Joanna, eldest dau, of Chria- 
tinn Paul Meyer, esq. 

MoNMOUTB. — Lately. At Lydart 
House, Monmouth, aged 35, Jnlia, eldest 
dau, of Thomas Oakley, esq. one of tlio 
magi.strate.i of ihc county. 

At the residence of her brother, C. H 
Powell, esq. Monmouth, aged 71, Miss 
Susannah Powell. 

At Monmouth, aged 5G, Jane-Mary. 
Susanna, dau, of the late Dr. Tudor, an 
sister to Mrs. Bodiiam of Clifton. 

Norfolk. — May 29. At Yarmouth, 
aged 7.'<, Charles Nichols, esq. 

NoETUAMrxoN. — June 2. Fanny, se- 
cond dau. of Tycho Wing, esq, of Tbomey' 
Abbey, near Peterborough. 

/un« 10, At Davcntry, Jane, last sur-' 
Tiring sister of the late Rer. R. S. Skil- 
lem. Vicar of Chipping Norton. 

June 27. Ann, wife of Charles Hey- 
gate, esq. of West Haddon, and onlfj 
sister of the htte Thomas Lovell, esq. ofi 
Winwick Warren. i 

Lately. At Northampton, aged 6!i, 
Sarah, widow of the Rev. John Noble, 
D,D. of Nether Town, near St, Beca, 

NOHTHUMDERLAND. — Jun* 19. At 

Ncwcaittle-opon-Tyne,aged87, Elixabetb, 
widow of Matthew Carr, esq. 

NOTTINGHAMSHIBE. — /Mne21. Hot- 
rict-Maria, wife of Icbabod Wright, esq. 
of Mapperley. ' 

Lately. At Coddington, aged 102, Mn. 
Sarah Hudson. She has left -18 grand- 
children, and 78 great-grandchildren. 
She retained the whole of her faculties to 
the last, except her bearing, and could 
readily thread a needle. 

Oxford. — June l.i. At Wateratock,; 
aged 3G, William Henry Ashbnrst, esq 
late commoner of Christ ch. Oxford, eld- i 
est son of William Henry Ashbont, esq. 
formerly M.P. for Oxfordshire. 

June 25, Drowned, whilst bathing ia 
Sandford Old Lock-pool, near Oxford, 
William Gaisford, student of Christ ch. 
third son of the Dean, and Richard Pbil- 
limore, student of Christ cb. son of Dr. 
Phillimore, Kcgiua Prof, of Civil Law. 

Lately. At Cuddesdcn, ne «r Wbcatlcy, 
agrd.'iG, Cnpt. John William Strongithann, 
Utu of the UUth Rifles. 

RvTLANn.— /«»* i. Aged (iS. Tho- 
mas Hutchkin, es<|, of Tixover House, 
Kutlnnd, and Woodhall Lodge, Lincolnah. 

Salop. — June 25. At the Burnt 
iloute, S«Utt^, Mr. Jgba Stoker, iurio^ 



h6 



OBtTOABY. 



[Aog. 




ttuit Any atuined the pttriarchil age of 
lul ye«r3. 
SoMVBBET. — JiitU 13. At Bath, ag«d 
B, Martha, relict of S. C. Blanckeohagen, 

Juni 14. At Bath, Elizabeth, relict of 

It. Coe, eiq. formerly of Lynn, 

Jvnt 16. At Bath, nged 79, General 

ward William Lejburn Popham. He 

appointed Lieut.-Colonel in tlie Cam' 

an Rangers and Colonel in the army 

603, Major-General 1810, Lieut. -Gen. 

,ei4, and General 18... He married 

'ary, third dau. of Sir William Tho- 

'teai the Vnd Bart, of Yapton Place, 

Suaiei. 

At Winicombe, George SynionB, esq. 
eldest son of the late Geo. Sjmont, esq. 
of Axbridgr. 

Junt 17. At Oldmlxon, Hutton, Eli- 
zabeth , widoxr of Thomas Bisdee, tut. 

June 21 . At Northover, aged 66, Wm. 

Ihorland, exi. for 45 years an eminent 

jeoQ at llchetter (where his father 

octiscd in the same profession for a si- 

llar period before him). 

June i?. At Weston House, near 

. ath, Caroline, fourth dan. of (he late 

George Whitehead, eaq. 

Junei3. TliG wife of C. Drake, Mq. 
loUcitor, of T.iunton. 

At Bloomfield Lodge, near Taunton, 
aged as, Samuel Waring, esq. late of 
Norwood, Surrey. 

At Bath, John Francis Gunning, esq. 
June 29. At Bath, aged 6:^, Squire 
George Smith, etq. 

Lately. At Swaloswick House, gear 
Bath, aged 29, Joseph Henry Benntrtt, 
esq. only rliild of Joseph Henry Bennett, 
[t»q. 1' Court, CO. Cork. 

Al ' ^3, Ann. relict of the 

I K,- . .11 enne, D.D. Rector of 
ettley, and Vlcnr of Etm-cum-Emneth, 
'ambndf^h. 

luly 6. At Prior Park, near Bath, 
■cd M, the Rev. Vr\fT Aii|;n«ls Biinr«, 
yicar Apottollo f' ■ 

le RSMiited, on ' 

IfOpening of the >: i. 

Hhui'cb on the U'l ■. r.r.i I, .. --I'ly 
purchased from tin li > i»i;i!i_b. Uc was 
ansccrated Bishop May I, IHi^J. 
STArroBD. — June VI. At Lichfield, 
re Marv. widow of the Rer. R. 

n , lLb. 

jtinr 111. Aced 44, lliomas Gilbert, 
esq. of Cotton Hall. 

StrroLK — /line 23. At Oorleston, 
aged 70, Lucy, relict of the Rct, Dr. 
Brovae, and dau. of the late Rer. John 
|r, of Thornage, Norfolk. 

a. At Palgrave, a««d TO, E. 

Jltoo, Eau. of Manniae'f V x 

^irat30. FruMI-MaH". i. 



Smith, of Stansted, and dau. of Jaaea 
Fisher, esq. LL.D. of Cambridge' Lodge, 
Brighton. 

St^nser. — June .30. At Richmond, 
EUaabeth-Anne, relict of the Rct. W. 
Harrison, M. A. formerly of Stone Bridge, 
Durham. 

July I. At Braboenf, nmr fiuiLlford, 
aged r.*", the relict of Join ~:\. 

SvasRX. — June U. A -.Or. 

lando Jones, esq. of the firm of Uriando 
Jones and Co. Osbom-st. Whitcchapel. 

June 16. At Ersham Lodge, Haiti, 
bam, aged Kl, the widow of the llcT, 
James Capper, late Vicar of Wilmington. 

June 22. At Barham House, East 
Hoalhley, aeed 76, William Hvt, /m^. 
formerly of Madras. 

./«ne S3. Aged 33, Jane-PnineM, * 
third dau. of Rilph Fenwick, Mq. Of 
Haling Park, Croydon. 

June 26. At Brighton, Robert Coiabt, 
esq. Member of the Royal Coll. of Sur- 
geons, formerly of Wincanton, Somer. 
set. 

yiiNe 27. At East Grinstead, ag«d S9t 
Robert Brown, esq. formerly uf the Kims, 
Streatiiam. 

Ixitett/. At Brighton, Eiixabelh, wifk 
of Cnpt. O. Canifleld, and widow of Col. 
Hardinge, 991 h Rcgt. 

Jnly 4. At Brighton, aged 18, Lady 
Georgioa-Elizabeth Bridgeman. oldest 
dau. of the Earl of Bradford. 

July .■). At Brighton, apd 19, Henrr 
Edward, aon of Gen. the Hon. Frederick 
St. John. 

Wabwick.— i4;7ri/ 20. At Birming- 
ham, aged 53, Mr. John Woolrich, t«c. 
turer on Chemistry in the Royal School ', 
of Medicine, Birmingham. 

Wkstmobela.nd. — April9. AtHati 
water House, Bampton, aged fiO, Chri»-| 
tophvr Bowslead, esq. eldest surrivinf 
son of the Rev. John Bowstead, B.D, 
late Rector of Masgra»e, and Prebend- 
(irv of Lichfield, and formerly fifty-six ' 
ni master of the Grammar School 
;>ton. 

.'. II IS.— /^o/e/y. Aged 77, Harriet, ** 
relict of the Rev. 6. Rogers, View of 
Market Larington. 

July I. At Warminster, aged BO, the 
widow of the Rev. George Smith, late 
Viear of Norton Carant. 

WORCKSTBB. — Laffly. At Poolc 
House, Upton-on-Scrern, John Prio*. 
esq. the eminent breeder of llorefordtUlraJ 
stock. 

y oviK. —AiirUK. A I 
Doncnetrr. aged 36. ' 



Maguioe liie latcrMtiii 




OvTVtMT. 



Ml 




rS8. A««a4l, Mukme,«rtfe or 
I Bev. TbODM AlbMt, M.A. Viev ef 

Jmmt IS. At Han. i«fti M, Hm nlkt 
(^ C«jit T«7ter. 

jn* i<). At Br>«i(]r, ^al RS, Aaa, 
^. of the Um C. Seott, m. oT AM* 
lironfh, aait wMim at C«L XacMI, of 
B«T«rl«y. 

/■M 39. At LeMt, SopUa, fdkt oT 
MMtia HiaJ. «aq- af Ncvtoa Or—, a*! 
lUSit dM. of ilM Ute AH^iMcoo Ubc 
«wfh, D.D. of ScMtplok, 

Jmw M. At Rubr. 
wad CQ. Min Muj Rcccn 

^b^ ». At Scarbor^M^k, ff«4 ?5, 
Jtaa, rciict of the Rcr, 
Vicar of Boynttw, md alalar t* 
Baakt. of the femcr alaee. 

ijM^. Mary. «ife of tW lUr.ioU 
Ort<*at. Perpetoal Cant* tt Cba^- 
AiMiftott« Laeds. 
I V(j.\.it.—J»M 14. At Bavarbrl. 

I *t%\, F.ttlirf. rrJict cT Wb. FUDIpa. <«^ 
La'r/y. At Vuilull, Utadtj, agai 
[99, ThrodoaU-Aaaa, wife ef B. Jowa, 
.ooUcitor. 

n^Martk «a. At Da 
, Janet IWaaUB, c«^. lata ma- 
ttax at ftiOtj, aaa iUhi bw A tr of 
the ccl»>>r«te4 lt<ilb«t Tbna alJI, poat 

Ay .-UnftaaB,WailMaWal- 

law. Kiaari iftaiiirt ifMjIfc a- 

Mug n. At Biaaaifcni Vkomt, Urn. 
wad*, aaar BAaJMiji^ Mel 79, l ^ta aaa 
YUkr SaatveD, o^. of Vptoa Hall, 
yota aai p ^o tttliif*. 

/mm 4. At BAabBrsb, Sir WiDlaai 
Brjadalc. He bcM tbc oSoe of CI17 
TNaaaicr, and n«ii«ad Ifce kauuai of 




dn af kit daalk ka «ai tMe la iaMft ia 
kk hta««( vartali of aMfii^ He «M 
a acpktw to Xaartaaa )f^«r. Ike hats af 

BMB'a tab af Oe " Mayor cnnadrV-' 
At Biataa. Joka 7%mm Devaim. aao- 

KUiKt. 

C. nj^ia M-Catdi7. Ua«« 

3filkN«t 

At Ana^l, Klirtilk, vlfa of < 
Battar. iMar af 
Staatt. 

Jwm . At Cork. CapC Jaka Mac 
ia«lrc, 4Mk Vaec Be waa a airiha tt 
~ " ' ( JotMd tke Urd ia 1«U 

.aad MikwfnUa tai9to 
tke4.Wk.«kbAkaioiaedatCe7laB. He 
t* litHL m USS. aad 
Ike alMle ar tka BHwac 
_ 10 a tfiiai la 1«S. 
Aaa S. At DMte, i«Bd M, ' 
Mct, oaly laaafthelafcOaaiiie 
t»^.«tthtt dty, a^ aaakctr af I 
W. r. Laadl, «■«. ef Battel 

/aaa 9. At Cotk. H^ 45, 
vile ef Joka Joyce, aa^ CeBaaCar 
Cattaaa. CariMe. 



^r^ Jaaaar^JCiy U. At Si. BcHar't, 
Mca, aiad 6S, iate tiMm BfeM, aaa. 

JKV«. At Bt Brffa»% LMte. i^ 
Moa. Teatkdaa.aftkelat(na«atBtekkaML 



aftkebttl 
caq. ef Cydk^. I 

Jmtt. Xaaay, alft ef Caf(. OcofM 
Hajr, RN. "^ 

Grtaitfrr.— .4>pi/ %. LiaaL Loci. 
mer, bJ>. Cad Foot. 

Jfy M. Mi. Jaka Ckcrfya, lata of 
Laaiipbbofaafk. 

KAarbMsa.— 1M.I& Atlfa^^pai*. 
Cnd-Iicat. Tkeaat BenMrd Ces, of dia 
MadewArt. 

rn. U. At Dbh Oaa^ aa« Cat. 



loa tfca eet a tioa eif tm t a ii Haa 
r tddnat to b«rM«ieity oa (beUrtk 
I rrtnee of Wain. U« aaa htberof 
yadale of Lirerpool. 
laCLAKD.— Afay 4. At norse ne- 
tarj, 00. Dowu, iht wife of tb< Bct. Jeka 
CUmo. 

ifay M. In OuMin, Qaartcnaafta 
Doxbary. b. |> Mtb Fool. 

May I?. At Kiag*to«n-oa-tbe-t>ea, 
Dtar PnMfn. Hofb Waltb, (•>!. of 
tDru" ■«. 

il Lonrt Lodge, IJmmitk, 

FAnabuia, wuf o< Tobiat DaLma*. atq. 

; JMtvaG. AlDablb,i«edll,Iad>dU 

VMaoai jMe, oalyaarrWac daa. ef Caf«. 

LaKatlar Tteey Sallk, Atautant Dqiaty 

Qaartamattar . gao. 

ImM^, A<*d 91, JobB M>ftio, taq. 
k* oUtM Mrdiaal laBdlwu 

And IW yean, WnOtoB Maker, of 
1?1a4|^ e*. KStony. Ataaoat to tke 



catta. apd r„ Rkkeid BtOn, ef Hall, 
la Ike Haa. Seat ' ' 



CoMMn'a tctTiec. 

JfareiU. At Pfea^tMlcktfiy, Mt)er 
Oodfrry WckHs WMidtr. IM Madra* 
KaLIat 

Mhrrk 19. la Com Aflaor, Madna. 
Zaagu H. W. Mc CoMlaad. 4«k N. I. 

ACarri M. At tbe GcMral HeaM, 
Ueat. R. U. Oaca, Sad N. T. kattdtoa. 

i**e«M. AtKaa««ar,aaarKa«)>ara. 
Unt-Col. trSHM ^^" T^T 

co iw aa flm lka KMaoft taktidlary force. 

Afarr* U. KlSiia aotfaa a4r fly. 
denfc^ Cape C Gafratt, Mk Ugbl ctr.s 
aad UcafL J. C. Saailk, lat korae Ait. 

4fHt 3. At Kiifcee. Bai^ atfi af 
lieat. C. W. Tbovpto^ U M. i4Hi 
Ligkt DracDoaa. 

jiffrit i. Ueot. P. Borr. Cro« tba 
(Ceela of vcnmd* nica i TBd in actiea iMar 
Uydttabad «b tba Z4lk Marck. 

At Caanamore, Ueot. Datld lacGt 
Mooey, Mb M.N.I, ^^ 



^ 



222 



Obituary. 



[All 



to 
to 

to 



April B. At the lumie of the Hon. L. 
R. UciH, cjq. aged ,1fi, Funny, wife of 
Lieut.-Col. S. B. Boilcau. 11. M. 22iid Ft. 

jlpril 9. At Ootacaiuunil, ngcii 3B, 
Cii)>t. George Grcig Mnckeozie, .SOth N.I. 
nraiBt. mil. auditor-gen. 

April 13. la camp at Bellagoopah, 
Madras, Eliza, wife of Capt. \V. M. C«- 
rcw, H.M.'g 63rd regt. 

^pril l<>. At Bombay, Lient. A. Dick- 
inson, of H.M. 17th Foot. 

At Dinapore, Enct Indies, aged 3'2, 
Henry WoIUston Pym, Mq. formerly of 
Trioity College, Camb. third son of 
Francis Fym, cjq. of the Hasaclls, Bed- 
fordshire. 

/Ipril 85. At Madras, Mr. Reginald 
Hall Le Bas, of the Bengal Civil Service, 
second son of the Rev. C. W. Le Bas, 
PriDcipal of the East India college, Hai- 
leybury. 

Lately. At Calcutta, where he resided 
upwards of half a century, Richard Uilch- 
ingi Calcutt. He was a descendant from 
the ancient family of the Leveaon Gowers, 
and Sir Neville Poole, formerly of Oakely 
lodge, Glouceatersb. 

West Indies, — Jan. 21. At Oeme- 
rars, aged 30, William Mills Midwinter, 
esq. eldest son of the late Major Mid- 
winter, of the Bengal army. 

Abroad. — Dec. 9. At Premantlc, 
Western Australia, Henry Amos Ash, 
esq. surgeon. 

Feb. 7. On his return from Calcutta, 
by accidentally fulling overboard, while 
selling a studding sail, aged 37, Edwin 
Hills, esq. chief officer of the Zemindar, 
and son of Tliomas Hills, esq. Lieut. 
R.N. of Holder Hill, near Midhurst. 

Feb. 17, At Athens, the celebrated 
Theodore Colocotroni. His youngest 
son had ju8t married, and it seems the 
delight experienced by the father brouglit 
on a fit of apoplexy, 

March 3. James, second son of Bnr- 
nard Hague, ciq. of York. In attempt- 
ing to cross the river Otanabee, U. C. 
accompanied by his servant, in a bark 
canoe, it was upset, and both were 
drowned. 

Afarch o. On board the ilaitlaud, 
Capt. W. M. Lyster, 2d foot, while ia 
cuinmaud of invaiida from the Ea«l Indies. 

March 13. At Munich, ttic historical 
painlrr llockcl. 

March 16. At Paris, aged 80, M. 
Baillcul, formerly a member of the Na- 
tiunal Convention. M. Ilaillrul was one 



against 52 dopulie* and 41 propriela 
and journalists. 

At Brussels, M. Falrk, minister plci 
potentiary of King William II. 

Marchli. A I the Cape of Good Hop 
Dr. Charles Alison, surgeon of H. M.I 
Endymion, son of Mr. James All* 
Edinburgh. 

Jpril l(j'. At Paris, Baroti Sluctilefr 
the wealthy Prussian banker. 

April 22. At Pim, the Due de BcaU 
mont, eldest son of the Prince de Luxe 
burgh. 

April li. At Syra, on his return fr< 
India, aged 33, Capt, R. D. Werge, J!M 
regt. son of the late Lieut, -Col. Oswald 
Werge. 

Aged 23, whilst proceeding fV'om San 
Cruz, TenerilTe, to Cadir, James Duni 
M.R.C.S. eldest son of the late Rev. Jam< 
Dunn, B.D. Rector of Preston, Suffolk. 

April 30, At New York, James Dean, 
esq. formerly of Bolton-le-Moors, Lanca- 
shire. 

May 2. At Cadiz, aged 37, Edwiu 
HiU llandlev, esq. of Old Bracknell, 
Berks. 

May 4, At Dieppe, where he had re- 
sided for ninny years. Colonel Orby Hun- 
ter, distinguisheil in the literary world by 
a translation of Byron'e works into French. 

May 7. On board the mail packet 
bound to Honduras, Edward Shell, esq. 
for many years of Belise, an eminent i 
chant, and brother of the Right Ha 
Richard Lalor SheU, M.P. 

May K. At Lausanne, Mrs. Holj 
widow of the Rev. H. A. Hole, Rector^ 
Okebauipton and Chulmleigh, Deva 
dau. of the Lite Bishop Home, and motbd 
of the Rev. George Hole, Rector of Chuln 
leigh. 

May !». At Brussels, aged 73, Coloa«l_ 
John Cnmac, of Brettenham Park, No 
folk, late of the Ut Life Guards. He ' 
mode Lieut. 1804, tV.j • ' • leO 

Captain Istt Life Guaril i^r al 

Lieut. -Colonel 1812; ... Lieut 

Colonel. He commanded liis rrgimenti 
the Peninsula, and received n medal 
the battle of Vittoria. 

May 12. At Berlin, TliomaB-Whll( 
kcr, only son of Thomas Starkie, ca 
Q.C. 

Uny 14. At Ostend John S. r 
esq. of the Inner Temple, Sn 

May le. .\f Gothn, Kn-.l. 
one of the • 
publishers > 
*' I't'on, h:t'i Id «urr 



ori!. ■ " -' ! • ■ • ' 

the 

llsv..., 

Council or Kite Uii. 
dcnnnciatioo that ii> 
Uic lt»tt> Fnictld«ciiil«a\'« 6i UiuiltUiUKUl iMttly. At Urttsdco, aftd 28, 



It of hii numerous auti-Frcoch | 
'Uc«nr-Mcr, 




Ax 
r.K-H. 

At Boaw. CwiiaU GiMtiwHi. He o^ktaaf tfelGifltTaivi^ 
m ban in 1769. Jmc-L AtMiifiiiBij. ■tP>p<, 

At nrii. H- Jalv Tcnrti ds mD. &• «ife af TWmi SiiicB. of. of Ml. 

At Faria. M. hKhoy. tke eddmal .Aw 12. At BodapK^av-Mar^SMB 
cHfmTcr of tbe beutifU pnat " of Jo. Hoaai^ weaai An. of Ae iMe 
- Triit,Mi.of B — * « Hiw i .i mi Tb 



TABLE OF MORTALITr IX THE METROPOLIS. 
^rom Ike KHwn$ itMmed tf tht S ef iitimi Gtmerul. 
Dbatbb Recistebed froB JrxE 2t, to Jlit IS. (4 acckt.) 

pji**,„ l^Jaaoi u to «.;!"■.". 1080 7--,, 

Female* la93 » | eoandapww* 683/^"' 

A^ MM tpedfied 4 J 



AVERAGE PRICE OF CORN, July 18. 
Wbeat. I Bariey. I Oati. I Rye. I Beans. I Peas. 
t. d. ] : J. I s. 4.1 t. i.\ t. d. \ s. 4. 



S7II|32 6|20 l|aOO|3I 2|36 4 

PRICE OF HOPS, June 24. 

Soacez Pockets, U. lOt. to 51. 4*.— Kent Pockets, U. I5r. to &. lOf. 

PRICK OF HAY AND STRAW AT SMITHFIELD, Joly 21. 
Hay, 4/. 0>. to U. Ot. — Straw, ^ 16*. to 31. Or.— Clover, ol. 0*. to 6/. 0>. 

SMITHFIELD, July 21. To sink the Offal— per sCooe ofttlbs. 



Head of Cattle at Maiket. July 21. 

Beasu 679 C:a2rcs 422 

SbeepandLamlM 10,370 Pigs 310 



Beef. 2«. 8<t to 4«. Od. 

Mutton 3f. 2rf. to 4.. U. 

Veal 3t. id. to 4«. «. 

Pork 3«. Od. to 4*. Od. 

COAL MARKET, July 21. 
Walls Ends, from I4>. 9d. to 20«. Od. per ton. Other sorts from I3f. 6d. to I0r. Od. 

TALLOW, per cwL— Town TaUow, 43*. Od. YeUow Russia, 43». Od. 
CANDLES, 7>. 6d. per doz. Moulds, »>. Od. 

PRICES OF SHARES. 

At the Office of WOLFE, Bbotheas, Stock and Share Brokers, 
23, Change Alley, Combill. 

Birmingham Canal, 193. Ellesmere and Chester, 65. Grand Junction, 143. 

Kennet and Avon, 12. Leeds and Liverpool, 050. K^ent's, IPJ. 

Rochdale, 64. London Dock Stock, Oa St. Katliarine's, 107*. EaKf. 

■nd West India, 125. London and Birminftham Railway, 2ia Great 

Western, 891. London and Southwestern, 64J. Grand Junction Water 

Works, 75. West Middlesex, 1 12. Globe Insurance, 130i. Guaidian, 

43}. Hope,7i. Chartered Gaa,65i. Imperial Gas, 75. Phcenix Gaa, 

32. London and Westminster Bank, 2a Rereraionary IiUereat, 100. 

For Prices of all other Share*, enquire ai abore. 




224 
METEOROLOGICAL DIARY, by W.CARY, Strand. 

From June 86 lo July 2.5, lt43, AoM i«clti»ive. 



Fahrsnlieit's Therm 



FKhrenlieit's Tlierin. 

ills ^ 




THE 

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 

SEPTEMBER, 1813. 
By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent. 



^^ CONTENTS. pxT 

BllMOB CoKBi:si>osDKWCK Romin Spur ?— Rcv. G.Jetjrll — Athenaai — Bp. 

Rainbnw' — Burial-plares of Sir T. Pilkingtun, Sir O. Bucliinghaiu, anil Sir 

T. fUnllnson, Lord Mayors of London ? 236 

Waipolx's Litters to Sib Uohack Mann • •.... 227 

ilUtotf of Syon MouDstery at Ulcworth and Lisbon {with a I'lale) ...,, 347 

Mm<oik or Majok-Gbn. Thomas Dundas, axd thk Expedition to 

CIt'ADALOiiPE IN 1704 , 849 

D'AnbipiO's History of the Reformation — Tlip Ucformerii and tlieMaas — Olirer 

Cromwell— Tlie Bible and the Reformation — Romanism and Catholiciim . . 9S6 

Partlculara relatirc to the Earldom of Caithness 360 

Early Edilioo of the Pilgrim's Progress, with Explanatory Veraea under the 

Pictures , 261 

Thr Welsh the origin of the Irish Language — The German infused into the Irish 

Lamgnage ••.. 2C5 

Letter of Ben JoDion to the Queen of James I •.. 268 

RxTaoapECTivK Rxvisw. — A Satire upon Wolscy and the Romish Clergy. By 

Wm. Roy 269 

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. 
Tlicyer Smith's Hukcan Lectures, :^r3; Fiber's Styriim Lake, and other 
l><>em», 275 ; Taylor's Edwin the Fair, an Historical Drama, 277 ; Priaulx's 
Quicstiones Moaaicte, 77 e ; Evans's Bishopricof Souls, 279: Correspondence 
of Jane Lady Comwolli*, itJO ; Classical Museum, 2»*2 ; Davies's View of 
Cheltenham, 285 ; Maokeniie's Crosby Place, London, ib. ; Tapper's Pro- 
verbial Philosophy ; and Rccvc and Taylor's Translations from tku German 

Prose and Versa • ^^7 

FINE .\RTS.— Arohitectural Drawings at the Royal Academy, 28ii ; New Pic- 
tures at Berlin 290 

LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE — 

Near Publication!!, 291 ; University of London, 'iBS ; Dinner ami Presentation 

of a Medal to Sir Benjamin Brodic, ib. ; Marlborough Correspondence, ib. ; 

Proceedings of Paris Academy of Sciences, ib. ; the Isthmus of Panama . . 2!Hi 

ARCHITECTURE.— Royal Institute of British Architects, 296; Old London 

Wall, 298; New Churches, ib. ; Churches Repaired, &<:. 301 ; Church Ex- 

Imsion, ib, ; Cologne Cathedral •• •• 303 

ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES.— Old Pavement at Ely, 303; Vault at 
Windsor Castle, ib. ; Skeletons at ChcUea, ii. ; Encaustic Tiles at Canter- 
bury, 304; Archieological Society at Athens, ib. ; France ; Egyptian Anti- 

(|uitie« ; Chinese A ntii]uifies 30^ 

HISTORICAL CHRONICLE.— Proceedings in Parliament, 305; Fordga 

News, 'M)7 ; Domculic Occurrences •••••••>••••«<•••• *08 

ProniotiooB and Preferments, 310; Births and Marriages 311 

OBITUARY; with Memoirs of Earl Cathcart ; Louisa Countess of Mansfield: 
Chief Justice Bui.he; Gen. Sir T. Hislop, G.C.B. ; Mnjor-Gen. C. S. 
Pagan; Major-Uen. O'Malley, C.B. ; Rev. Thomas Knos, D.D. ; Rev. 
Samuel For?tcr ; Rev. G. Adam Browne ; John Basset, csij. ; Dr. Hahne- 
mann ; Mr. Washington Allston ; Mr. Abbott; Mr. Elton; James 

WloatOD, es<j. ; Mr. W. T. Lowndes 3l4-dS6 

Clkkot Dscsaseo 3M 

DcArna, arraaged in Counties • • 9'7 

Reigiatrar-GeneraVs Returns of Mortality in the Metropolis— Marketi—Prioei 

of Shares, 33.i ; Meteorological Diary— Stocks • 336 

BmMtitlied with Viewi of Siroit Momastrby at Li«BOii -, wi&qI ^i.QWllUA^^ 
_ . LOMOOM. 






226 



MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. 



Mb. Urban, Oxford, Aug. 4. 

In the Bccouiit of the FlougbAni AntU 
qaities inserted in your last p. 100, it is 
elated, that, amongst other relics, $pur» 
(as it would appear of Rnman origin,) 
have been found. Could you, through 
the medium of your interesting Maga- 
zine, inform your readers of what material 
they were made, of what shape, and 
whether they possets any peculiarities? 
it Is doubted whether any Roman spur of 
undoubted genuineness has corae down to 
us, nor, as far as 1 can learn, does the 
tpur appear amongst tbeir representations 
of armour. Antkh/aoius. 

Vol. XIX. p. 5U, the Ke\. George 
Jekyll, described as ricarof AVcst Cokcr, 
Dorset, was Rector of that place, and of 
Hawkridgc and Withypool, in Somcrsct- 
abire, in which county the fonncr place is 
also situated, as is stated in the titlc-pngc 
of his " Uaille." He published, in ISil, 
(large 12mo. pj>. xxiv. 359.) a revision of 
the Kev. T. Smith's translation of Daill^, 
" On the Right Use of the Fathers," 
with a preface containing Bishop Warbur- 
ton's laudatory character of the work, 
taken from the preface to his Julian. 
The old translation, which boars the 
name of Smith, was originally published 
in 1061. 

Y. 8. D. observes, " Although English 
scholarfi have spent no little liibour upon 
so cornipt an author as Athenoius, yet 
there has never been an edition of his 
work in this country. It is a book very 
much wanted, for Casaubon's edition is 
too bulky, Scbweigha;uscr's too extensive, 
and Dindorf's too dear. A good edition 
of the text, wilh such notes only as give 
an account of the readings introduced, 
embodying, of course, the whole of Por. 
son's, (from his Adversaria,) would be a 
most valuable irquisition. It might be 
easily accomplished by either of our Uni. 
versitics, and, if printed in the same 
beautiful type as the Oxford edition of 
Uekker's Aristotle, would not occupy 
more than two 8vo. volumes." 

C. H. D. remarks, " In the life of 
Bishop E. Riinhnw, of rarliTlr. prefixed 
to his ^r I'll of 

Anne I pub- 

lished l;v .^. .11 nil nil, ' 

Caili«li-', in 183!),) it i 
life (if Hi.. Hjiiiili<i». In 
(I' i by 

tl. ..y of 

the Uti>iiui> huiiiUjcU by Uii iviUuw.' Is 



this diary now in existence? If so wbete 
is it to be found ? lip. Rainbow died at 
Rose Castle. 20ih March, 1694.— Ar« 
any of the nnpers or diary of Adam 
Loftus, Archbishop of Armagh, and 
afterwards of Dublin, still in existence?'* 
Mr. SAiiutL Giir.ooav, of the Lord 
Mayor's Court Office, has at length suc- 
ceeded in ascertaining the places of burial 
of all the deceased Liord Mayors of Lon. 
don from the year 1680, with the ex- 
ception of the three follo>ving, with 
respect to whom he begs to repeat bia 
inquiries. Sir Thomas PUkington, KnI, 
Lord Mayor from KiS? or 9 to 16HI ; 
Alderman of Farringdon ward Without 
IfiaO; and in KiHH elected Alderman of 
Vintry. In ItiRS fined lOO.OOO/. for 
libellous words spoken against the Duke 
of York J M,P. for London from 16«8 to 
1G91 ; Citizen and Skinner; died Dec. 1, 
1G<)1 ; letters of administration granted to 
bis effects Jan. 16t)i (Kent). His son, 
Capt. Pilkiiigton, formeriy of the parish 
of St. Martin, Ludgate,died .March 1741, 
and is stated to have lieen buried at 
Greenwich, but the register of his burial 
cannot be found at that place. — Sir Oteen 
Biickinj/iam, Knt. Lord Mayor 1704; 
Alderman of Bishopsgate ward ; Citizen 
and Salter s died 'J4lh March, 1713 ; tvill 
dated 3()th January, 171'^, and proved on 
the 17tli April, 171'? ; M.P. for Reading. 
Will refers to his premises and household 
furniture at Reading, which his widow 
was to continue in the occupation of for 
12 months after his decease. His son, 
Owen Buckingham, esq. was also M.P. 
for Reading in 1717, and was killed in a 
duel on the 10th March, 17S0. Will of 
Lady Frances Buckingham, relict of the 
alderman, proved March !71.'>-20. — Sir 
noma* Itaiflimon, KnI. Lord Mayor 
1753 ; Alderman of Broad Street ward ; 
Citizin and Grocer; died at his re«idcnce 
in Fenohurch Street. :i Dec. 17(j!)! will 



dated Drd ^ 

IHthDec. 

well, Bait 

dnngliter, ond i 

The father of ' 

St. 

Sti. 



■i on tJie 
Womb- 

' U tinly 

i»l 
• h 

■ft. 

■lie 

: .r-od 



at cither of Iboae plaoea. 

Vul. XX. |i. IM. Oil- 1. I. n. Lniirr 
knowlodxiucnt Uiscrt ('■ 



THE 



GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE. 



Letters of Horace Walpuh to Sir Horace Mam, 

vol. I. ii. 



{ConcMhtg Series.) 



THE tetters which arc pubKshed id these roluraes we consider to be 
in no wise inferior to those which preceded them, either in the ability of 
the writer or the interest of tlie subject. They arc written in the same 
graceful and polite manner, full of anecdote, point, and wit. There is less 
of literature or of art iu them than in those letters which Walpole wrote 
to some other of his correspondents; less about Strawberry- Hill and his 
collections, his " Horculaneau pots and pans," bis Limoges enamels, and 
his Dresden china ; fewer jokes by George Selwyn.or satires on his neigh- 
bours at Twickenham. But, as he corrcsi>ondcd with one at a distance, 
Walpole put more materiel into his letters, and as that friend was in a 
|iolitical capacity, and was Envoy at the court of Florence, he wrote what 
a statesman would be most desirous to bear of. We have therefore a to- 
lerably copious account of the state of parties, of the squabbles of ministers, 
and the iuexplicable changes and shifts of the cabinet from the accession of 

"^ urge III. in 17G0 to tlie year 1776 and the American War. The two 
^t patriots, each shining in his own sphere, Wilkes and Lord Chatham, 
lonn the most prominent figures in the canvass. Of the beautiful Gun- 
nings, who used to make us die of envy that we had never seen them, one 
is dead, and the other is supplying with rouge and chalk-powder the ravages 
made by the inexorable tooth of time : but Queen Charlotte appears youth- 
ful and innocent in all her bridal robes and beauty. When we add u little 
about Lord Clive, and a little more relating to Ch.irles Townshcnd, we 
have mentioned the chief personages who are considered worthy of having 
their adventures read, and their characters unfolded, on the banks of the 
Anio. There are some things in these letters valuable in themselves, and 
which may be quoted hereafter as corroborative of historical truth, and 
some which derive their greatest interest from the grace and piquancy of 
the style in which they are told. As we reviewed the Jirst series of tliese 
letters to Sir H. Maun when they appeared,* aud more recently the col- 
lected edition of Wiilpoles Letters, we have little to add to what we then 
expressed relating to his epistolary style, aud his excellence in that difficult 
itiou which letter-writing requires. Cowper the poet 
r always thought Swift's letters to be the best in the 
hughah laiiguagc, till he read those of Gray ; aud Walpole, though far 
inferior to (tray in the powers of his mind, in splendour of genius, 
SLiid extent and solidity of learning, possessed in common with Gray 
that ready and quick observation, that quaint humour, those hajipj 
and appropriate expressions, that light and delicate touch, whicg 
are at once so effective and so rare. The letters of Gray are richc 

Jn literature, more solid and judicious in thought and reflection, more 
acute aud profuuud in criticism, aud arc gcnernlly employed on more 

Important subjects. They are too at times dashed with a grave aud 



* Sm Di« thrN &nt nombars of tb« Ucot. Mag. (aev i«ric«.; 



228 



'U'alpole's Lttlertio Sir Horace Mann. 



[Sept] 






deep inelanclioly, in strong contrast to tbeir llglitcr and livelier toni 
Tliey have, as might be expected, a more collegiate or scliolustic expr ^ 
sion, as if tiiey were shaded by the gloom and sileuce of the academic 
cloister. Both writers are indebted to Mad. de Sevigxi^, who was in some 
degree their model : neither of them perhaps equalled her in the inimitable 
grace and siioplieity of her manner ; but both had the advantage in th« 
greater variety of their subject matter ; for, after all allowances that 
are so willing to make, Mad. de Sevigiie's extreme maternal solicitnde gi 
to her long correspondence too monocroinat ic an air, in spite of the match- 
less felicity of her expression, and the various fascinating lights in which 
the same subject is represented. It is curious that with this one exception 
(for we do not think it necessary to include Mad. de Maintenon) the 
French have, contrary to our expectations, and apparently contrary to 
the bent of their genius, little to boast of in the department of let 
writing ; which we may perhaps account for in this way, that in the da] 
of Louis XIV. the women were not sulficiently educated to write well, ai 
in the time of Louis XVI. they were filled with deeper thoughts, and cm- 
ployed in graver occupations. We, on the contrary, possess several vo- 
lumes, all pleasing and interesting, of epistolary corresiKindence by females 
of high rank and education. To the well-known volume of Lady \V. Mon- 
tague,* we add those of Lady Russell, Lady Har\cy, Lady Suffolk, and 
Lady Luxborough.t The French have found a due exercise of their talent 
in their Memoirs, which are of first-rate excellence, and with which wc 
have nothing to compare. As regards the claims of \\'al|)ole to public 
attention, though we believe that time is a most correct judge aod esti- 
mator of all ability, and therefore pay little attention to the complaint of 
neglected merit and overlooked deserts, yet wc think that the writer of 
the present letters is scarcely at suflicicnt distance from us to Iw viewed 
with that impartiality which is necessary to fix and determine the exact 
value of his works. The age which has succeeded his, has been of u dif- 
ferent character, cast in another mould, and his views of society are as a 
thing passed away, or seen only at a distance, as in a picture or description. 
His ladies and gentlemen, with their hoops and their jwwder, their hi|^ " 
heeled shoes, their bags and solitaires, seem like things framed and gla?y 
rather than living persons. When the age of philosophers urosc, tin 
was no longer sympathy with virtuosos, wits, collectors, and antiquari 
Selwyn's bon mots and Walpole's stained glass were both at a discount. 
his time factious politicians and rival demagogues were stpiabbling for pli 
and |>eusion and power ; in the age after, nations and cmjiircs were sfri 
gling for victory and gasping for existence. No one iu \\'alj)ole's tii 
thought or cared what the people thought, and nobody now seems to 

or think of anything else; our situation, our taste, our literature, our tcmj: 

and our disposition have all lietn changed since Walpole's days j wc har« 
been more serious, more thoughtful, more philosophie.-d, and more busy. 

At the sale of StrawbiTry Hill, the lock dissevered from the beauteous 
fj-esses of Mad. Maintenon, and placed among Wuliwle's choicest hoarda, 
scarcely found a purchiiser ; and who eared about the ]>ortruit of the once 
lovely octogenarian — the ever-blooiuing Ninon de I'Enclos ? 

• " Lady M. W. Moni.niriir.— tlic lic!*! Icttcr-wrllw of liiU or «dj oIIiw cuuntij 

r. Don E«jiriclln'« I 1 

f L»(ly Liutinro" Imnirn n.imr to fmrrciilrrtofl 'IipMM J 

•tie win Ji iKldil 

Shcoitoii < lu] 




18W.1 



Walpole'$ Lettert to Sir Horact Monti. 



22* 



In adiii ■ 1po!e WTis, both in and out of the IIoiisc, ft »trongpnrly- 

Inan. H son of a Prime Minister, wlioijc rule was more l>eiu-fifii«l 

I to t' -t^ of his coontry than th»t af any wh'> have sncccfdod Kim 

fto ti f day, and he never suppressed, even in the midst of his op- 

fiis high opinion of his father's merits, nnd his fili.d partifvlity to 
•ry. He says himself more than oneo, that he liked politieal strife 
iand party skirmishes, and that he had the spirit of faction witliin him. 
I How decided were his feelings uu some subjects mny l>e seen in liis writings ; 
be hmted all the family of the Hardn ickes because they were op(>oscd to 
I liis father ; nnd he never mentions Akcuside without n sneer of contempt, 
I wtiirb may be traced to the poet's high eulogy of Pultcney. the great «n- 
iiUt of Sir Robert Walpole. To some persons also there appeared 
JTcctation in Wal|>ole's manners and mode of life, which passed beyond 
boands of what is called refinement and high breeding, and « hicli 
I CYpo«ed him to the charge of foppery and pride of rank, and cflTcminntc 
i conceit. He dressed and behaved in the extreme of French manners 
then fashionable ; entered a drawing-room on tiptoes, with his small 
chapeau dc bras under his arm, and saluted his friend according to the 
foreign custom on both cheeks.* These singularities, though with him 
tbey were things only on the surface, were not well fitted to beget |K>pu- 
larity. His researches in literature and art were rather adapted to the 
curiosity of the few; they were among the best of their class, but that class 
was not to the public taste. One of his works, as that on Kichard the 
Third, was considered to be a paradoxical essay, chiefly designed to show the 
ingenuity or research of the writer, though it is in fact a work of much merit. 
The Castle of Otranto was an invention built in that wild and fanciful 
district which lies on the very edge and limits of rational fiction. His 
versed are scarcely above mediocrity, and in the same line much inferior to 
those of Lord Chesterfield and others. His works on Engravers and 
Painters, and on Koyal and Noble Authors, arc books limited to the cu» 
riosity of the few. Tlins, neither by his personal character nor by liis 
writings was he likely to become a favourite of the public, or indeed much 
known to them ; and, after all, we are not unwilling to admit, that W'al- 
jwlc's knowledge of art was not so accurate and extensive as might have 
been expected from one who had apparently devoted so much time nnd 
research to it, who had formed such large collections, and cstiblislied so 
high H ch.iracter. His favourite house is but the original toy-shop en- 
larged — a frail memorial of imperfect and unripcned knowledge, though it 
seems to have been erected and ,'i[)priivcd by " a standing Couimittee of 
Taste, "t who may be seen at their labours in the picture of Sir Joshua 
Reynolds. 

His noble visitors from France, who had been used to the massive 
and lordly cistlcs of their own country, each one of which emptied a 
ipiarry, notwithstanding their natural politeness, used to laugh m their 
•lecvcs at the pla.sfered walls of Strawberry. Nor was his celebrated col- 
lection, .18 it appeared at bis sale. 



• ' ilieg M. Wnlpole IIS Iiating Biilulcd him in thin 1 ' 'ti tliry met 

wXif- rrrl. The laic Enrl of Jcrsov, a pcrnun f)f i >." nnd itf tlic 

"' ' " r , , rcrnfmhci ' i , 

1 . Hiiw {-111 

....■ thnt the L.-^ .,1, 

iilO l>c 111 f hii couDlrymcn wbo liM tils liau curled 

iQ(l who wc.i I ! 

f Ml. V. ali>.ilc, Mr. Cbatc, auU Mr. XC W'UUuna. 



230 



Walpole't Letters to Sir Horace Mann. 

DcUciu ijuoque vitee fuDilitus omoes, 

Camitaa, picturaa, ac dicdala signa — 



C8«pt. 



^^1 



iiicli as came up to the liigb expectations of the public : his large collec- 
iunsof prints were of various quality, and a great part consisted of injured oi 
ditTereut specimens. His books were, with few Lxceptions, of little value 
If rarity. The famous Eagle, tlie gem of his collection and the pride of hi* 
;allery, to which he introduccil cvcrj- eager visitor, fetched a comparatively 
imall sum, and is now at Holkham. His silver bell could not find a pur* 
chaser.* The history of the finest missal has been disproved ; and he was 
ia error with regard to the subjects and teras of some of his old historical 
ictares. Vet, with all these drawbacks, there was much that was both 
iurious and beautiful in art that emerged to view from the recesses of his 
stly cabinets ; his miniatures were of first-rate excellence, and many of 
is portraits original and hne. It could not be said of Walpole's, that, liko 
ither collections, the proprietor could not estimate nor enjoy them. He had 
istinct purposes iu view for what he purchased and preserved ; he examined 
d studied the materials he collected, which were intended to iliustrate the 
istory of art. His days were employed in elegant and instructive re- 
learchcs into antiquity ; and surely there are but few noblemen iu England, 
lithcr living at his time or since, who, retired from public life, and having 
lid farewell to the senate or the forum, will leave behind them more ho- 
nourable marks of their industry and zeal and knowledge i and we may 
add in conclusion, that few men have had the gratification of having their 
rtraits drawn by more discriminating hands, or in brighter colours ; for 
nyers Middletou eulogised his talents while he was living, and Lord 
Byron defended his memory when he was dead. 

We shall now proceed to make such extracts from the Letters as may 
be of interest either in themselves, or may derive their charm and attraction 
from the style of the writer. \A'liere can we better commence than with 
Ve auspicious arrival of the Princess of Mecklcuburgh iu the metropolis, 
here she was permitted by Providence to reign for more tiian half n cen- 
tury, through varied changes and great afflictions, yet ia a long course of 
blameless life and unsullied reputation ? 

" When we least expected the Queen first saw the palace, ahe turned pale. 

ke came, after being ten days at sea, but ~ " 

dtbout sickness for nbove half an hour. 

: was gay the whole Toya^, sung to 

her harpsichord, and left the door uf her 

cabin open. Tber made the coaot of 

1 Suffolk last Saturdar, and on Monday 

LjpomiDg ahe landed at Harwivb ; to 

osperoutly lias his MnjcBty'6 chief cu. 

ich. Of tkcy have made tiie Tripolinc 

nbassador call Lord Aii.xon, executed 

commission. Slie lay lUitl night at 

ant old friend Lord Abcrcom's, at 

Filliam. oud, if she judged by her host, 

it have thought she was coming to 

;n in iho realm of Tocllurnity. She 

vcd at St. James's a ijaHrtct after 

<e ou Tuesday tU« 8tb, Wbcu she 



The 

Ducbeaa of Hamilton smiled, ' My dear 
Uuchesi,' said the I'rincess, ' you may 
liiugh, you have been married twice ; but 
it is no joke to me.' Is this a bad proof 
of her sense : Ou the journey they 
wanted her to curl her toupet, ' No, in- 
deed,' said she, ' I think it looks as wvU 
as those of the ladies who ' ■ sent 

forme. If the King wo»: \car 

o periwig, I will; othervM .1 let 

myself lUonc.' The Duke of ^ ork gave 
her his hand nt the gardeu-gate ; her lips 
treiublcd, bat the jumped out with spirit. 
In the garden the King met hrr. Sbe 
would hare fallen at his fset ; he prcrcnted 
aud embraced her, and led her into thai 
a]iartments, where ahe wu received by 



' reaaoa to «ii|" 



ii..t 1),:^ I, ..II 



If,, ■ ;r Ik ti,,r -i. 



:<iltorT, uul 
' own UDJPU;: 
I l^e ' ' Uaxle '' were reri li i 
moat of tne marbles; wc ' 

I Hrcophagtu li it Mr. fi«T>a>, ut ivii. . 



lur- 



1843.] 



Walpole's Letterg to Sir Horace Mann. 



Oie Prinfets of Wiles and Ludy Augnsta ; 
thnc three princesies only dined «ith the 
KJnsr At ten the procession went to 
rl led by unmarried dnaghten 

0/ , ! peeresses in plcnt)-. The 

=s was led by the Dnke of 
:1 Prince WUlinm ; the Arch- 

tnarried them ; the King talked to 

e whole time with great good hu- 
mour, and the Duke of (.'umherland gave 
her away. She i« not tail, nor a beauty ; 
|Mde, and tery thin ; but looks tentible, 
snd is genteel, Her hair is darkish and 
fine ; her forehead low, her nose very 

w'' " * "■" " '^''iN spreading too 

«> ' same fault, but 

her talks a good deal , 

■ad Fr«ue)i tolerably ; posseates heraelf, 
ia frank, but with great respect to the 
King. After the ceremony, the whole 
company came into the drawing-room for 
■bout ten minutes, but nobody was pre- 
sented that night. The Queen was in 
•rkite and silver ; an endle<s mantle of 
tlolct-culonred velvet, lined with ermine, 
Mid .ittempled to be fastened on her 
thuulder by a bunch of large pearls, 
dragged itself and ahnost the rest of her 
clothes half-way down her waist. On 
her bead was a beautiful little tiara of 
dlAlDODds ; a diamond necklace, and a 

When he meotions the coronation, Walpole does not overlook the op- 
portnnity of observing on the increased extravagance of society) and the 
conseqtient advance of prices. 



stomacher of diamonds, worth ihtte score 
thousand pounds, which she is to vrear at 
the coronation too. Her train was borne 
by the ten bridemaids, Lady Sarah Len- 
nox, Lady Caroline Russell, Lady Caro- 
line Montagu, Lady Harriot BentincV, 
Lady Anne Hamilton, Lady E^ser Kerr, 
daughters of Dukes of Richmond, Bed- 
ford, Manchester, Portland, HamiltoDi 
and Roxburgh ; and four daughters of 
the Earls of Albemarle, Brook, Har- 
court, and Ilehcster, Lady Elizabeth 
Keppell, Louisa Grerllle, Elizabeth Har- 
court, and Susan Fox Strangways ; their 
heads crowned with diamonds ; and in 
robes of white and silver. Lady Caroline 
Russell is extremely handsome ; Lady 
Elizabeth Keppell very pretty ; but, with 
neither features nor air, nothing ever 
looked so charming as Lady Sarah Len> 
nox ; she has all the glow of beauty pcca- 
liar to her family. As supper was not 
ready, the Queen sal down, sung, and 
played on the harpsichord to the royal 
family, who all supped with her in pri- 
vate. They talked of the different Ger- 
man dialects ; the King asked if the Ha- 
noverian was not pure — ' Oh, no, Sir, 
said the Queen ; It is the worst of all.'— 
She will not be unpopular." 



time for two thousand four hundred 
pounds. Still more was given for tho 
inside of the Abbey. The prebend" would 
like a coronation every year. The Kinjf 
paid nine thousand pounds for the hire of 
jewels J indeed, Inst lime, it cost my 
father fourteen hundred lo be-jewel my 
Lady Orford. A single shop now sold 
six hundred pounds sterling worth of 
nails, — but nails are risen— so ia eirerjr 
thing, and every thing adulterated," &c. 



" On this occasion one saw to how 
high-water-mark extravagance is risen 
in England. At the coronation of George 
the Second, my mother gave forty gui- 
hras for a dining-rnom, scaffold, and bed- 
rhanber, An evactly parallel apartment, 
only with rather a worse view, wai this 
time set at three hundred and fifty 
goinMS — a tolerable rise in thirty-three 
years. The platform from St. Margaret's 
roundhouse to the church-door, which 
formerly let for forty pounds, went this 

We have mentioned that no inaccurate view of the state of political 
nfTiur*, and of |iarty-cii«nges, during the early years of the reign of George 
the 'I'hird, mny be founil in these letters; indeed «vc do not know any 
biktury that gives us a better: and as the chief interest of the times ariKea 
from tlif (.hiiracter of tlie actors, and not from the events ; .is the whole 
«" - a struggle for place, and power, and pension , us one courtier 

« iiiig the hack-ttairs \v\it\*: another tvn<; (jniii;; down the /ronf ; 

Slid as the interests of the nafioti were scan I by the rhangt'jt, 

we think Wal|K)ie, who was ac<piaiiilcd with tn ptr/ormem of the 

day At the /Aert//T uf ^t. James, has given us a uiore graphic |>ortrait of 
(liim. limn the s>i1):.rr|ucnt liiHtoriauB writing at a greater distance from 
I' N were shortly these ; the administration of \N'illiam 

I'..., i ., i 1 Chatham) had been crowned viith victory abroad, 

and sccnred by Tinantmity at home. France and Spain were " trampled 



:^ fl » 



Walpolc't Letters to Sir Horace Mann, 



[Sept. 



I 



in the dust." Protestant Gennany was saved. America was as yet dissevered 
from tlic British Crown, and the fonndntion of our great empire was laid 
ou the distant banks of tlic Ganges. " Then," as a philuBunhic historian lias 
observed,* " parties awoke again, otie hardly knows now or why, and 
their struggle during the early part of the reign of George the Third was 
of such a ciiaracter, that, after studying it attentively, we turn from it, as 
a portion of history equally .inomaloiis and disagreeable." The most pro- 
minent names in this very degraded state of English party wereWilkes 
and Junius. The King was supposed to be disinclined to the principles 
of the Revolution. Tiie popular and successful minister, Mr. Pitt, had re- 
signed — Lord Bute, the King's personal favourite, as was supiwsed, was 
said to be attaclied to the anti-popular party. Here then was the hot-bed 
of mischief formed, out of which arose the factious and unprincipled 
leaders of the people — from this came the North-Briton and the Letters 
of Junius, — the disputed election of Wilkes — and after that followed the 
Hinch greater event, the contest with America. It is to the particulars 
involved in these events that the Letters of Walpole refer. 
Of Mr. Pitt we find him speaking in the following manner: 



" A week afterwardi the King, 
Queen, and royal family dined vrith the 
Lord Mayor ; but a young King and a 
new Quern were by no meaua the princi- 
pal objects of attention. A chariot and 
pair containing Mr, Pitt and Lord Tem- 
ple, formed the chief part of the triumph. 
The reception, acclamation, and distinc- 
tion paid to Mr. Pitt through the ftreeta, 
and the obserrancc of him in Guildhnll, 
vere equal to any thing you cau imagine. 
You will call his appe<irance there arro- 
gant, — I do not think it wa» very well- 
bred. Since that — for pensions stop the 
mouths only of courtiers, not of the vir- 
tuous — he has harangued in the House 
with exceeding applause ; — it was fine, 
guarded, artful — very inflammatory. 
Don't think I am paying court by cen- 
suring a late minister. He is too near 
being minister again for mine to be inte- 
rested conduct. It never was my turn, 
nor do the examples I see make me more 



io love with the practice. Nor think mo 
changed lightly about Mr. Pitt — nobody 
admired hira more — you saw it. When 
he preferred haughtiness to humanity, 
glory to peaceful glory, — when his dis- 
interestedness could not resist a pension, 
nor a pension make him grateful, — he 
changed, not I. When he courts a mob, 
I certainly change ; and whoever does 
court the mob, whether an orator or a 
mountebank, whether Mr. Pitt or Dr. 
llock, are equally contemptible in my 
eyes. Could I now decide by a wish, be 
should have remained in place, or have 
been ruined by his pension.f When be 
would not do all the good in his power, 
I would leave him no power to do harm, 
— would that were always the case t 
Alos ! I am a specolatist and he is a 
itatcsman ; but I have that advantage or 
disadvantage over others of my profci- 
siou, 1 have seen too much to flatter 
myself witb visions." 



He goes on with the same subject in a subsequent letter. 



" Parliament is adjourned to the nine- 
teenth of January. My gallery ndvancta, 
and I posh on the works there, for pic- 
tures, and baubles, and buililings look to 
me as if I realized sometbiog. I had 
rather have a bronze than a thousand 
pounds in the Stocks : fur if Ireland or 
Jamaica are invaded, I shall still have my 
btonte : I would not answer so much for 
the funds, nor will I buy Into the new 
of glury. If the Romans or the 



Greeks were beat, they were Iteat : they 
repaired Ihcir walls and did ns well as they 
i-ould ; but they did not lose every scs. 



Temple Uar, lost his army and his life, 

nndl yrt (hrir Bait India bnnitf did not 

• ilcr par. I i ■ .. 

urs. Ifp'' •V 

iiiTtH.-?., LDcv "uiy sutTcred liiiiii^r ix $ iij 



• V, by Thomas Arnold, D.D. 

^ . . .i. vol. iv. p. Hi. " 1 was US angry a* a common- 

cotuica-uw>' ul Loudob uhoul luy Lurd Chatham, but > little more {NOieat," «u!. 
1 



I84S.] 



IVttlpole's Letter* to Sir Horace Mann. 



23S 



« nuicuriagc i tiicy kail « triunipb. or a 
fODCnl oivtioD, jiut k» it happened, and 
prime folk were cntertaineJ iritli the one 
«r the other, and nobody vrai a rarthing 
the richer or poorer ; but it make* a 
ftrange confusion now that broker* are 

Of llie arrival of tliat remarkable character, I^ady Mary Wortley Mon- 
tagac, in England, after a very long absence of many years, Walpole gives 
U»c following accoQut. 



•n much concerned in the rveota of war. 

How Scipio would have stared if he bad 
been told that he muat not demolith Car- 
thage, as it would ruin i>everal aldermen 
vho had money in the Punic acliont," jfc. 



" I will tell you who is coinc too — Lady 
Mary Wortley. I went last night to 
vUit her ; I give you my honour, and 
yon, *ho know her, would credit me 
witboot it, the following is a faithful dc- 
•eiiption. — I found her in a little misera- 
ble bedchamber of a ready furnished 
huuie, with two tallow caudle*, and a 
bureau covered with pota and paai. On 
brr bead, in fall uf all accounts, (he had 
an oldblsck-laucd hood, wrapped entirely 
round, so as tu conceal all hair, or want 
of hair. No handkerchief, but up to licr 
chin ■ kind of hor.>emaQ'a ridinj coat, 
calling itself a prt-en I'air. mode of a 
dark green (green I think it had been) 
broeade, with coloured and silver flowers, 
and lined with furs : boddice laced, a foul 
diinily petticoat sprig'd, velvet mnlTeteens 
on her arras, grey stockings, and slippers. 
Her face loss changed in twenty years, 
than I could have imagined* : I told her 



so, and she was not so tolerable twenty 
years ago, that she needed have taken it 
for flatter]-, but she did, and literally 
gave me a box on the ear. She is very 
lively, all her senses perfect, her language 
as imperfect as ever, her orarice gtraler, 
She entertained me at first with nothing 
but the deamess of provisions at Uelvoet. 
With nothing but an Italian, a Frencfa, 
and a Prussian, all men servants, and 
something she calls an old aecrctary, but 
whose age till he appears will be doubt- 
ful ; she receives all the world, who go to 
homage her as cjuecn mother.f and crami 
them into this kennel. The Duchess of 
Hamilton, who came in just after me, 
was so astonished and diverted, that she 
could not speak to her for laughing. She 
says that she 1ms left all her clothes at 
Venice. I really pity Lady Bute ; what 
will be the progress of such a commence- 
ment ?" 



This foreboding bowever was useless, for poor Lady Mary closed her 
eventful atid singular and wayward life a short time after. 



" Lady Mai-y Wortley is dead, as 1 
pre)Mre<l yon Id evpert. Except some 
trifl ■ J 'len every thing 

til 1 never know the 

sun I,,., — intended. It is 

gi^ McontidcrAble, beside some 

rli I \c. ... I told you of Lady 

Mary Wui (ley's death and will; but I 
did not ihci, know that, with her usual 
m It irorsa and usual generosity, 

il" : son — one guinea. . . . Lady 

Jl i ' '"■•e volumes 

In I {it ; nine- 

tci > , i!l will not 

see the iigiit in haste. The other two 
Lady Mary in her pasaage gave to some- 
body in lioUnad, and at her death ex- 
pmied great anxiety to have them pub- 



lished. Her family are in terrors, lest 
they should be, and have tried to get 
tlicm : hitherto the man is inflexible. 
Tliough I do not doubt but they are an 
olio of lies and scandal, I should like 
to see them. She bad parts, and had 
seen much ; truth is often at bottom of 
such compositions, and places itself hero 
and there without the intention of tlie 
mother. I dare say, in general, these 
works are like Madame del Pozxo'a Me- 
moires.t Lady Mary had more wit, 
and something more delicacy ; their man- 
ners and morals were a good deal uioro 
alike. ... I find I have told you an enor- 
mous lie, but luckily I have lime to re- 
tract it. Lady Mary has left nothing 
like the number of volumes I have said. 



Horace Walfiole (lossrased a very pleasing miniature lialf-lcngth of Lady Mary, 

■ '•■ - 'I -' '-^ ■ ■' ■ "■- -I ■ •'■• T ■•ndf : Lady Mary, when she lived at 

\v, which licj between the entranc* 
., , :r :ii ill" Orleans Ajuu Inn. 
. ctf Lady liute, wtfc of lite I i r. 

who tin'l been miiilresi to 0, . Prance, and who wrote 

ij celebrated for bci ivit and her debiucherief. Mr, 



m' 



Oent. i»l.«', vgL. aA. 



2H 



234 



ralpoh'n Lettert to Sir Horace Mann. 



[Sept. 



At the inttklUtioa, I hear Charles 
Townshend »»id there were four — lost 
Thurtda; he told ma twenty-one. I 



leldom do believe or repeat what he mjt 
— for the fhturc I will think of thcM] 
twenty-ODe volumct." * 



I 



We go on with the political aud party news. 



I 



" My letters are like the works of 
■ Vertot ; 1 write notfainK but In RAio/«- 
/iotu d'Anglttrrrt. Indeed the present 
history is like some former I hare sent 
you, — a revolution that has not taken 
plaoe, and resembling Lord Granville's,* 
begun and ended in three days. I could 
have despatched it last Tuesday, with re- 
nrd to the termination of it, but, though 
J beard it was begun, etcn on the Satur- 
day while it was beginning my curiosity 
did not carry me to town, till Tuesday, 
when I found it all addled. Still, I knew 
too little to detail it to you ; and, even 
now, I can tell you little more than the 
outlines and general report : but have pa- 
tience ; this is one of the events which in 
this country will produce paprr-war 
enough, and, between attacks and defences, 
one comes pretty near to the truth of tho 
whole. Last Sunday was ec'nnight Lord 
Egremont died suddenly, though every 
body knew he would die suddenly ; be 
used no exercise, (and could not be kept 
from eating,) without which prodigious 
bleedings did not suffice. A day or two 
before hn died, he said, ' WrII I have but 
three turtle dinners to come, ."ind, if I 
survive them, I shall be immortal.' lie 
was writing as my ludy breakfasted, com- 
plained of a violent pain in his head, 
»sked twice if he did not look very parti- 
cularly, grew spefchltu,and tiyirea that 
evening. He has left eighteen thousand 
{muuds a year, and they say a hundred 
•nd seventy thousand pound'n in money. 
I hope you have as much philciophy as I 
have, or you will lote patience at these 
^rcumstance^, when you arc eager to 
hear the revolution. "Tliatwcck you may 
be sure was pasjcd by the public in asking 
who was to be Secretary of State ? It 
seemed to lie between ynnr old friend, 
" 'Sandwich, and L' ' ' u Lord 

le, a young . intends 

Id shall hear u ^ , ,,,,ii, ef ^vt 

'poatule I* mlnutir», was in the mean 
lime one of the candidates to succeed 
l<ord Egremont. Somebody !inld, ' It 
Ought to tie given to liini, ns ynu marry 



hold Mr. Pitt, in bis chair, with two ser- 
vants before it, goes openly at nina 
o'clock on Saturday morning through th 
Park to Buckingham House, You ru 
your eyes : su did the mob, and thoughtl 
they did not see clear. Mr, Pitt, of i 
men alive, except Lord Temple and Mfa' 
Wilkes, the taatt proscribed there, — Mr.' 
Pitt tu Uuckingham House ! Omi, tM*i 
tailement ! What ! to a.'ik to be Sccrctaiy.I 
uf State ? By no meous : sent for ; da>J 
sired to accept the administration. WeII|| 
but do you know who stared more than' 
the mob or you ; the ministers did ; for 
it seems this was the act and deed 
of Lord Bute, who, though he had 
given the present administration lettenJ 
of ottomey to act for him, has thoughtl 
better of it, and retained the sole powei'l 
himself j the coiucquence of which wuaj 
as it was before, that he grew horridlvf 
frightened, and advised this step, whicbJ 
has done him more hurt than all he had! 
done before. Mr. Pitt «laycd with the] 
King three hours ; is said not to havel 
dcinauded more than might well be ex>i 
pccted that he would demand ; and htdJ 
all granted. The next day, Sunday, thai 
O|>pusition were much pleased, looking oaj 
their detircs as obtained ; the ministers, | 
at much displcatid, thinking themselves. j 
bftraycJ by Lord Bute. On Monday, J 
Mr. Pitt, who the day before had seen I 
the Duke of Newcastle ond the Lordl 
Mayor Beckford — the one or the other o(l 
whom is supposed to have advierd whi^l 

follows, win ''/■■:. wlll|| 

8 large inon iliosS| 

were, are > t 

pretend to ti 

are exact. '1 : , 

I dare say not lu the exieni gitcii uut, , 

that he insisted on i gni'-r«l ilismissioo ' 

of all V ' ; auil 

that li. "king 

tl: pro- 

>■ lifax, 

1 and 

Lord 81ii:lbutiic i niuucd hiumclf and 
Charles Town»hend for Secretoiirs of 
State, 1 : ■ 

Pratt > 



|ilaoe, uy 



..( 



Udy ^" 



Sl^( Obteiucu LUCID. 

t In 1746. 



-<▼• Kvaitsen TOlumei of her works and mei' 
I^Dflitk <iitctfma in UolUod, from whom b' 



* 



1S4S.] miftk'fL^lmlpSiri 

Ni«eMde. fafgot Mr. Ubc-^ «■. nkd 
■nd IW Dak« of Caabotari fat Ue OHiri 
iM^aTlheanBy. ThertrilyM UaCike Uvyi 
Kia( atkad Ub, ■ Mr. Rn. if it u (i|kt arfUf , 
(k joa to itaad bjr yaar friwiili, *kf it Ta La 
a »ol mnigkHdr ma ta »taad Vj mimt f mxk 
tad that dw beat; brake off, oa Us 
MijaatT'* rrfanig to give ap Wa frtcindi 
Brakes <il the aagociatiai cartaiair ia. 
Wkf tnkem. I ri^ aa I toU r^ W- 
fcrc, aait a Mda WbR I wWli aiy ha. 
04. Th« aitihlwi aaa — t fcr agm ; 
Mr. PHi and LaaitViBfle. iimra^ to 
tka Bodar* aaS-hrat aaaae. an it Oa 
laMa yartcrday. had aach Ihair dualag 
rsom oaaidiiii ; aad thcfv cadad tUi 
llWarladr It ia said. Lord Saadaieh 
baidi ta-aaari u a Itor Saendvy «f 
If aPiiilim pf tfceCaaadi k 
•OMd loo, I ihall iMik ihcy aaaa to 
ttaad it] if aol. I ihaB coarladg a daar 
b adtt laft arm far twHat. Tlkcrt 
waa a little m at n i l a, |— l ia aa totha aora 



ahiad *t Daka. I 



dmrtod ailh tka Dactrai fMifmmm. 

aaearthehi«h«Balaaa iWfciaaiha 
aa tha Faaea. aad enifad ttaa ia her 

the tjahAa ; dha fcv iada a lafc. 



lof tha 

Bit Ud BOt batn oawiiid by the i i iala- 
tioa la qaeatJoa. Tbe hmoas Mr. Wikea 
aaa cbJleafed at Pvia b; caa Porbaa, 
•a oallaaad Soot in the Frczxk certiec. 
«bo cuaM not digcit Ut .V«r/A Anfaai. 
Wtlk<a woald hava joked it cC, bat it 
woaU not do. He Ihea iatiMad aa 

Ftaibe* aaid, 'dada aare too 
ia Fnaoe for ladi cUcaara 
pmMdin«a.' VrOkea adherad to hi* da. 
aaaod. Porbta palled kia by the aoae, 
or, ■• Lord Mark Kerr ia hia a«U-btad 
foraiality said to a fcntlemaa. ' Sit, yoa 
•la to «i>|ipoas I ban tbrowa thia gia« of 
■iaa in jroor laoe,' Wilfcca cried oat 
wirdarl the Uaalcsaatda |M>iioa«aaaaa« 
far, aod oblicad FbthM to proaita that 
ha woaU p taoaad ao farther. Notaith- 
•taadiac the piaatat diaconioa, yoa Bay 

the Scotch vill ool lit thia 

be ftiU.bom. It ia 
Lord fUboc, whom Wilkc* 
flght. Other coaical 
happened to ni at Parii.' Tbair Kiag. 
yea konw, it vondrooi thy to 
taAcrrtr4 «t a qnettioa, or too 
P.< wbeo the Date of Rich- 

Ri esenCed to hiiu, ba aaid, 

' M«n-. ic lIuc de CDmberUiitl boade le 
Roi, a'Mt-oe pu :*' Tbe Dake «M oaB> 
fuuadcd. Hie King peraiteit ; ' II le 
fail, B'nt.il j>M TT»i ?• The DuVe 
iniwervd rtry proprrlj, ' S« miaiitrea 
qiieli{aefois. Sire, junaii la MqcsU.' 




Mra. 

Vktaireafthiilaae by Mta. I 
arfn a e , Whaa Mia. AiyMs took kaaa 
of thaa far Spa, they daK the doer. 
aad Ike akola rajai iMiiy Uaed here 
farike !)•(■ aa faad «f hit rhidaa. 
that tWy ayitaa «faihfe aaaiydayla 
hb cjo au l e aaaee ahelka hia da^^iar 
•aa bctta or voraa. We aa* yea fifa 
Williaa Slaahopc* aad ay lady, a foad 
oaapb: yoa hare rataiaed thca to ■• 
rtrydiOaeBL WhcatkrycaaatoBhafc. 
baath, he fot oat «r tha chaae to !• to hia 
brother Lord ChaatarUd'B, aada b* a 
k« bo*, aad aaM. ' Ma^ar. I hoaa I 



plied. • Sir, I niU laha aU tha aae I caa 
that yon nerer dwIL' Ha laya no fJkm- 
try to her charge. We are amiiimg yaa 
mother oonple, the faiBoaa Ganick, lad 
hi* oBce ftaoaa vrifc. He wfll aaka yaa 
Uttgh MM a Biiouc. aod, a* ba haoaa vo 
■re great friendt, irili afcct peat partiality 
to me ; bat be a little iipoa your gnard, 
rciaeaber he ia ao actor. Mypooraiacet 
hodecbndhenelf Botbratdiog: yoa will 
be charmed aiib tbe delicacy uf her 
naaner in breaUog it to Gcaend Walde* 
grara. She ga*a hia hor tafd'a Mil bM 
the coronet. Yon will be aore ehmaad 
with her. On SoniUr the USthop of 
Exeter and I were titlklog of thia B«w 
coomltion in poUtiet-Hdie barat ou In 



• Brotbrr of Lord Cb. 
boD-mot* from maoaicTi] 
cqiul to hit celebrated brother iu repartee, 

t LAdy M'aldegraTC. 



J hit e>]uxl in wit. We poncn wreral of bit 
v, which are excelient ; he wu M twitl l folly 



23(5 



WalpoU't Letters lo Sir Horace Mann. 



[Sept 



1 I 



a flood of teart, reflecting on tlie great 
rank which her lord, if living, wonid 
natnrnlly attnin on this uci^osion. I think 
I have nothing more to tell you, but a 
bon-uiot of my lady Townshcnd. She has 
iken a strange little Titla at Paddtngton, 
lear Tyburn. People were wondering at 
lier choosing such a situation, and asked 
her, in joke, what sort of a neighbour- 
hood she had : ■ Oh,' said she, ' one that 
can never tire me, for they are hanged 
every week.' — Good night. This would 
be a furious long letter, if it was not 
short by containing a whole revolution. 

" George Selwyn, of whom you have 
heard so much, but don't know, is re- 



turned from Paris, whither he went with 
the Duchess of Bedford. He stays, our 
passion for everything French is nothing 
to theirs, for cvcrytbing English. There 
is a book published, called the Anglo- 
inanie. How much worse they under- 
stand us, even than we do them, you will 
see by this stoi-y. The old Marechale de 
Villors gave a vast dinner to the Duchess 
of Bedford. In the middle of the dessert, 
Madame de Villars called out, • Oh 
lyord ! they liave forgot I yet I bespoke 
them, and I am snrc they arc ready ; you 
English love hot rolls — bring the rolls.' 
There arriveil n huge dish of hot roUs, 
and a sauce-boat of melted butter." 



til 

ma 



Of Cliiiichiil, tliat unrortmiate cliilrl of genius, who niucli mistook his 
vocation whcu he [>ut on the priest's raiment, and who tvorshippcd both 
Bacchus and Apollo on the same altar, we liave the following account. 

" Churchill the poet is dead,* — to the 
great joy of the ministry and the Scotch, 
and to the grief of very few indeed, I be- 
lieve ; for such a friend is not only a 
dangerous, but a ticklish possession. "The 
next revolution would have introduced the 
other half of Eniflnnd into his satires, for 
no party could have promoted him, and 
woe had betided those who had left him 
to shift for himself on Parnassus 1 He had 
owned that his pen itched to attack Mr. 
Pitt and C'hnrlrs Tonnshend, and neither 
of them are men to have escaped by their 
■teadiness and uniformity. This meteor 
blazed scarce four years ; for his Rosciad 
was lubsequent to the accession of the 

resent King, before which his name was 

lever heard of; and, what is as remark- 

ible, he died in nine days after his an- 
tagonist, Hogarth. Were I (,'lmrou, I 
should without scruple give the best place 
in my boat to the latter, who was nu 
original genius. Churchill bad great 
powers ; but, besides the facility of 
outrageous satire, almost uU his compo- 
sitions were wild and extravagant, ex- 
ecuted on no plan, and void of the least 
correction. Many of his characters were 

The following letteri* arc of a niisccllaneonB nature, cont«ining «ome 
acconntit of hiinsvlf or friends, and may be isclcctcd as examples of Wiil- 
pole'a style of nariutiun, and of the power which by .t lucid and lively manner ' 
lie has of embellishing triHeg, and throwing tutcrcst into common subjecta. 

■or myself I . . 
Choly accuunt. i 

~ bare been extitux.j >^'v,v ui ...uc. »,... 
pains in my stomach and limbs, and a 



obscure even to the present age ; and some 
of the most known were so unknown to 
him, that he has misseil all resemblance, 
of which Lord Sandwich is a striking 
instance. He died of a dninken debauch 
at Calais, on a visit to his friend Wilkes, < 
who is going to write notes to his works. 
But he had lived long enough for himself, 
at least for his reputation and his want of 
it, for his works began to decrease con- 
siderably in vent. He has left some 
sermons, for be wrote even sermons ; 
but lest they should do any good , and for 
fear they should not do some hurt, he had , 
prepared a dedication of them to Bishop j 
WBrburton,+ whose arrogance and venom ' 
had found a proper corrector in Church- 
ill. I don't know whether this man's 
fame had extended to Florence ; hut you 
may judge of the noise he made in this 
part of the world by tin- following trait, 
which is a pretty instance of that good 
breeding on which the French piqne them- 
selves. My sister and Mr. Churchill are , 
in France ; a Frenchman asked luni if ba i 
was Churchill lefamnurpoilt f ' Non'— \ 
' Ma foi, monsieur, tant pis pour vous I" 



about obscurities, I 



«\. ThcylellmB 
it me. If thers^ 
.<.. 1 hate haggUiiff'' 
should rsther think 



* Cburchili died of a fever, Nov. 4, IT(i4, a(ed uuly tbilty-three. 
t This dedication,— n billet Intt ;tt}si Mlirti, — will bt fvuad (ircfixcd to tlt« voiuni* 
Df Churchill's Sermons. 



1843.] 



^alpole't LeUert to Sk Horace Mann. 



237 



'it the rlieuMutitm. Ilowcvcr, I *m to go 

to ask the Bnlh-walers what it is, uid 

iV,rv nn.iirl i.lime to liave it settle. 

kt i«, lliul I am prr- 

\i too (lamp for me. 

Fl rcTiic itkarr tH-iiig in Lomlun an hour, 

llike II Htcuih^r of Parliament's wife. It 

Itrill 1^ , ■ iijd out 

1 tn 111 ig npon 

.i,i. .. : ..ui driven 

To be forced back 

i am ftick of it ; to 

li>c in I/oniioii, wiiicli I detest, or to send 

m^Klf tn Puis, wiiicli 1 like as little : to 

And no benefit rrnm a life of temperance ; 

to tit hj a fire instead of braving winds 

and •.•,•'"-•'■'■- - "^ "ibort, to grow to moralixo 

t)t, iseiioiiglil Idrcadown- 

I iag I lusc everybody talks non- 



(CDtc to one, and wants to quack one ; 
concealing il, looks like an alfectntion of 
philosophy, which I despise. In phy- 
sicians I brlif ve no more than in divines 
— in short, I was not made for an Invalid; 
I mean my mind was not, and my boi' 
sernia made for nothing else. I thooghl 
I could harden paper to the consistence 
of atone — I am dif>appointcd and do not 
like it : for, though I can laugh at my- 
self, I shall be tired of laughing long at 
the same thing ; in short, I might a* well 
have cuoqocred the world. Sententiou 
poets would have told me that it signified 
little, as I bad conquered myself. 1 have 
ciuquercJ myKelf, and to very little 
Durpose \ Wi.sdum and foresight are just 
as foolish as anything else, when you know 
the bottom of them. Adieu !" 



The following letter relates to a person wliom our readers must re- 
[ collect appciiis often in Walpolc's Reminiscences of the Court of George 

the Second, and in his former letters. The residence of Lady Sufiuik at 
I Marble Ilill, sliuded by its venerable elms, still exists; the Thames still 
I glides as of old by its flo^very lawns : but it has now lost both its poetic 
I charm, for its gardens were laid out by Pope, and its historic interest, for 

its groves were described by IValfiole. 

was 80 diminished, as to have brought her 
into great difficulties. Yet they were not 
even suspected, for she had a patience 
and command nf herself that prevented 
her ever complaining of cither fortune or 
illness. No mortal but Lord Chctwynd 
and I were acquainted with her real situa- 
tion. I eat with her two hours on Saturday 
night, and though I knew thot she wi 
ill, and found her much changed, did ni 
suspect her danger so great. The next 
evening she was better; and, retiring to 
her chamber to supper with Lord Chet- 
wynd, she pressed her hand suddenly to 
her side and expired in half an hour. I 
believe she left Marble Hill to Loi 
Buckingham,* and what else she had 
Miss Hotham ■.■\- at least I guess so from 
what I have heard her say, for I have not 
yet been told her will." 



" I bare been very unfortunate in the 

\ death uf Diy Lady Suffolk, who was the 

1 enly sensible friend I had at Strawberry. 

Though she was seventy- nine, her senses 

were in the highest perfection, and licr 

memory wonderful, as it was as accurate 

I on recent events as on the most distant. 

I Her hearing had been impaired above 

I forty years, and was the only defect that 

I prrveiiicd her conversation from not being 

'•'e as possible. She had seen, 

III remembered so much, that 

1 .'} seldom not eager to hear. 

I She WHS a sincere and unalterable friend, 
Wery ratm, judicious, and sealous. Her 
[integrity and goodness bad secured the 
Icontinuafinn of respect, and no fallen 
Ifavoi. * .rienccd neglect less. 

[ Her ' i ! never been nearly 

BO gti... "- .. • w -Jicved, of late years 



Those who remember Burke's splendid eulogy on Charles Townshend 
|«ni| hi» noonday glory, will not without interest take a farewell look on 
; the setting sun. 

world is dumb ! that duplicitv is fixed, 
that cowardice terminated heroically. He 
joked on death o< naturally as lie nsed to 
do on the living, and not with the ufTecta- 



" Bnt Piir romef is fct too ! Charles 
iTowii lose parts and 

[fire n volatile salts 

* eviipDriti' li . inai iirsi, ciuiiueoce of Ibe 



* John Hob.irt, secood Eail of Buekiagh.imihire, nephew of Lady Suffolk, 
t Hruri»lts, only cliild of Sir Charles Hothiun Thompson, hy Dorothy, only 
tauttiter of Sir John IIotiaH, first Earl of Duckinghani, brother uf liady Suffolk. 



to 

!t- 

to 

>m ^^ 



WaJpole't Lettert to Sir Horace Mann, 



238 



tion of pliiloftOplicrv, vlio winJ up tbctr 
works with tnyinga which they hojie to 
hare rcnicmbereil. With n robast person 
he had nlwayi a meiiscing conntitution. 
He bnd had a fercr the whole summer, 
recovered, as it was thought, relapsed, 
was neglected, and it turned to an in- 
curable putrid fever. The Opposition 
expected that the loss of this essential 
pin would loosen the whole frame ; but it 
had been hard if both his life and death 
wereto he pernicious to the administration. 
He had engaged to betray the latter to 
the former, as I knew early, and as Lord 
Mansfield has since declared. I there- 
fore coald not think the loss of him a 



ISept 



misfortune. His seals were immediatdy 
offered to Ijord North, who declined then. 
The Opposition rejoiced; but thejr oiighC 
to biirc been better acquainted with one 
educated in their own school. Lord 
North has since accepted the seals, and 
the reversion of his father's pension. 
While that eccentric genius, Charles 
Townshcnd, whom no system could con- 
tain, is whirled out of existence, our more 
artificial meteor, Ijord Chatham, seems 
to be wheeling back to the sjihere of 
business, at least his health is declared to 
be re-established ; but he has lost bit 
adorer*, the mob, and I doubt the WIM 
men will not travel after his light." 



AAHlkcs now for the first time appears in all hh patriot glory. 



■ 



" I was interrupted yesterday. The 
ghost is laid for a time in a red sea of port 
and claret. This spectre is the famous 
Wilkes. He appeared the moment the 
Parliament was dissolved. The ministry 
despise him. He stood for the city of 
London, and was the lost on the poll of 
seven candidates ; none but the mob, and 
most of them without votes, favouring 
bim. lie then olfered himself to the 
connty of Middlesex. The election came 
OD last Monday. By five in the morning 
■ very large body of weavers, &c. took 
posses-iion of Piccadilly, and the roads 
and turnpikes leading to Brentford, tind 
would suffer nobody to pass without blue 
cockades, and papers inscribed " No, 4,5, 
Wlkes and Liberty." Tlicy tore to 
pieces the cnoches of Sir W. Bcauchamp 
Proctot, and Mr. Cooke, the other candi 
dates, though the latter was not there, but 
in bed with the gout, and it was with 
dilficalty that Sir William and Mr. Cooke's 
cousin got to Urentford. There, however, 
lest it should be declared a void election, 
Wilkes had the sense to keep everything 
quiet. But, about five, Wilkes, being 
considerably a-head of the other two, his 
mob returned to town and behaved out- 
rageously. T' • ' 
scralcbed aiii 
all over them 

and stones, and forced ev. uu« 

for Wilkes. 1 did but .-. Hy at 

eight, in my coach niUi ;i I'rcneb 
MonKierd'ADgeul, whom I was carrying to 
L-i ' " '■ " ■' " • ■ '1 ua, and 

\);. > let down 

J)i ivfitt iinf 

al. 

tl. 

b. , ,c. 

fu .iber 

. TIK' lit), ond ii.irlev, the 
V, being another Sir \^llUam 



Walworth, and having acted formerly and 
now with great spirit against Wilkes, and 
the Mansion House not being illuminated, 
and he out of town, they broke every 
window, and tried to force their way into 
Uic house. The trained bands were sent 
for, but did not suffice. At last a party 
of guards, from the Tower, and some 
lights erected, dispersed the tumult. At 
one in the morning a riot began before 
Lord Bute's boose, in Audley Street, 
though illnmioatcd. They flung two large 
flints into Lady Bute's chamber, who was 
in bed, and broke every window in the 
house. Next morning Wilkes and Cookf 
were returned members. The day wat 
very quiet, but at night they rose agaJDi 
and obliged almost every house in town 
to be lighted up, even the Duke of Cum- 
berland's and Princess Amelia's. About 
one o'clock they marched to the Duchest 
of Hamilton's in .Argyle-bnildings (Lord 
Lorn being in Scotland). She was obsti- 
nate, and would not illuminate, though 
with child, and, as they hope, of an heir 
to the family, and with the Duke, her 
son, and the rest of her children in the 
house. There is a small court and 
parapet wall before the bouse : thry 

' . ' • ■ • ' •' - .--('•s, 

•lie 
',. .. not 

finil 'ir back dixir, nor seud 

for .. r. The aighl Inifore, they 

hoii Duke mul Duchess of 

Na> I i to give them beer, and 

appr>i .1' ' ! ' ' ", "(•«■» 

hollb. iJi* 

I'ti^rti [it laa 

■ru- 
rj.- 

nesiltt)' ut)^lti, uuil tf( I - a 

prochunalion, hat, 1i ««■ 

aulet, and that only a tew iiou>r« wna 
laminated in Leiocatcr Rddt from the 



IMS.] 



Wtdpoh't Letter* to Sir Horace Mann. 



239 



■ of til* inlubitaots, a few ooasUblet 

■ent with orders to cxtinguii>li Ibe 

U^ts, ad not the smAllcst liieordGr bat 

hiypniad linae. In abort it hat «nded 

_lik<«Uier dectioo riott, and witb not a 

arter of the mitcbief tbat hiu been dose 

1 aciBe other townt," (kc. 

• •*••■ 

" W<t hair* DO heads but wrong ones t 

I wrong beada on both eidei have not 

plha hapiqr atlribate of two Degatiret in 

■akSog an aflirmatire. Inttead of aiini- 

hilating Wilkes by buying or neglecting 

liiin, bis enemies hare pushed the court 

VdM flfiries of meo&ures which have made 

Ite CMMBriTeljr important ; and now etrr; 

1 Utrp they f'*" •■■■■■• "-• ••> increase bit 

lAketJon, tu i-t more nn- 

l^pular. 1 iiind tbem are 

tttao; and bi|;, and nill burst at fatt as 

Ithet try vitilent methods. I tremble at 

Ithe protpect, and tuffer to see the abyss 

[faito wliivb we arc falline, and the height 

li jrtwnrr we have fallen. W°e were 

Bg in a titnation to give the 

Ol>c, and now cannot give it 

Iwlth safety to the mob, for giving it when 

vtuj are not diaposed to receire it is of 

'■U apartments the mo«t dangerons ; and 

ffrtuttcrer may be the ronsequeocc in the 

iiata fails to fall un tbe beads of 

I who iindirtakc it. I have said it to 

nurr than once ; it is amazing to me 

ibat men ilo not prefer the safe, amiable, 

tad hononmble method of governing the 

people at they like to l>« governed, to tbe 

mvidknii ami reatlpas task of governing 

Hmb ooBtrary to their inclinatinnt. If 

]VtaeH or ministen considered that de- 

(pair mains men fearless instead of making 

I tiieni cowards, surely they would abandon 

tucli frnitleis policy. It requires ages of 

lion, barbarism, end ignorance, to 

[link maakitid into pusillonimoue sub- 

aiiation, and it requires n climate too 

Brat unnrus ami ciirrAnlcs. I do not 

; we are going '" try the eiperiment ; 

I I am unrrj- the people give proTO- 

D« eo I am grieved to see that proTO- 

'nflon too warmly resented, because men 
.ibrget from whence they set out. and 
I>oget new y<' ' ' ' 

w» than ci' 
,^.jnof. Chfiil. . ...^ . .. . , 



would have been more deipotio tf he I 
Hrfested ihe republicans than he would ( 
haro dreamed of being before the dvilj 
war ; and Colonel Cromwell certainl/j 
never thought of becoming protector when 
he raised his regiment. Tbe king lost 
his head, and the colonel his rest ; and 
wo ware to fortunate, after a deluge of j 
blood, aa to relapse into a little better I 
condition than we had been before thai 
contest ; but, if the ton of either had bee«| 
an active rogue, we might have lost ooa' 
liberties for some time, and not recovered 
Ihcm without a much longer atruggle." 

" Everybody is going into the country 
to recruit themselves with health, or 
money, or wit, or faction. This has been 
an expensive winter in all those articles. 
London it such a drain, that we seem 
annihilated in summer, at least tbe activity 
and events from the beginning of Novem- 
bcr to the beginning of June arc so out of | 
proportion to the other five months, that 1 
we are not tbe same nation in the one] 
half year and the other. Paris itself, comn 1 
pared to London, nppearcd to me a mere 
country (own, where they live upon one 
piece of newt for a month. MTien I lived 
in the country, (which was but the three 
last summers of my father's life, for I 
don't call this place so,) I used to betire^l 
to death of tbe conversation on tbe prioa 
of oats and barley, and those topics that 
people talk about and aboot by their 
almanack, and which never do, and which ^ 
never have, occaaiou to come to a concla^ 
;ion. I have bex'n so used to think to k'J 
point, that the commoa conversation olj 
the world abont common things is in- 
supportable to me ; and to say the truth 
I know less of the common affairt of the 
world than if I bad lived all my dayt iaJ 
a college. Elcrtions, justice business^ 
prices of commodities, and all matters of 
detail, are Hebrew to me. Men that kno#J 
every circumftancc, and women that neve*! 
know any, are equally good company to 
me. I bad as willingly hear a story, 
where everything is confounded, as where 
everything is detailed ; the erewf of tvcry- 
- <eem!ng to me all that is worthy 
ri^, and then I want somethin 
■ ic. 



It tKi« bcrn rcmrvrkcil as a circniuBtance not only of curiosity bnt of 
tiori (or only a c-isual unc) occurs of Jiinins in theJ 
2 . ' of M'aljwlc ; audit lias been surmised that Ills silcnc 

from liiit l>cing ibc autbor of tlic IcIIlts ; any proof, however, drawn 
this quarter is done away by the folluvving notices. 



u x^ lieentlontiieu of abue turpastei 

^■U «nBple. The moit ttvoge massacre 

of jdntn dMncten puiet for sport ; but 



we have lately had an attack made on the 
king himiolf, cic«odiog the North Briton 
Such li paper bai been priat«d by 



iO 



Walpole's Letters to Sir Horace Mann. 



ieptT 



¥ 



f»moiu Juniut, nlioever be is, Ibat it 
woald scarce have bcea written before 
Charles the First was in Carisbrook 
Castle. The Dukes of Gloucester and 
Cumberlaod are as little spared ; the 
former for having taken a wife for him- 
self — so says the North Briton ; observe, 
/ do not say so ; and the Utter fur having 
token another man's — for opposite actions 
arc equally criminal in the spectacles of 
opposition, the two glasses of which ore 
always made, the one to see black as 

Again he writes, 

" I bavo no news to tcU you. You 
know as much of Wilkes and Townsbeud 
as I do from (heir memoriulx in the news- 
papers. The famous Junrut seems at 
last to issue from the shop of the former, 
though the composition is certainly above 
Wilkes himself. Tlie styles are often 



while, the other white as black, an<i also 
both to see that white and black are both 
black. • » • Lord Mans. 

6eld, who bad already been frigbtaned 
out of the Speaker's chair, will not be 
encouraged by a Junius that came 
yesterday, the most oulrageoui, I 
pose, ever published against so higl 
magistrate by name. The excess of abiue, 
the personality, and new attacks on the 
Scotch make people ascribe it to Wilkes; to 
me the composition is for above bimi'dte. 



t be I 



BMW I 



blended, and very djstinguisbable, but 
nobody knows who it is that deigns to 
fight in disguise under Wilkes's banner* 
So far this unknown knight will not 
resemble his predecessors in romance, 
that he probably will not disclose himself 
and demand the princesi* in marriage." 

The early uotices of Burke oulyju.st appearing above the political horizoD, 
and almost ticw to fame, though brief, are worthy notice. He is first 
mentioned in January 12, 1770, 



" A most unheard-of attack baa been 
made on the House of Commons ; Sir 
George Savile, a man of grr^t fortune, 
■potless character, and acute though in- 
judicious bead, has twice told them to 
their faces that they sit illegally, having 
betrayed th«ir trust, and that he waa 
ready to receive the punishment for telling 
them so. Burke, not quite so rich, nor 
immaculate, but of belter abililiet, has 
twice said as much, and allowed that he 
ought to be sent to the Tower for wluit be 
said, but knew their guilt was too great tu 
let them venture to commit him. Hitherto 



this language has been borne ; but, asth 
is not so great a mule as a martyr, 
have no doubt but these two saints 
insist on receiving the crown of glolj 
and it is said many more will demand I 
honour of sharing iheir cross. * 
Lord Chatham baa talked on tbe Mil 
dlcsex election till nobody will answer 
him ; and Mr. Burke, Loril Kockinjham't 
governor, has published 8 pam]>li]et that 
has sown the utmost discord between that 
faction and the supporters of the Bill of 
Rights. Mrs. Macaulay has writtea 
against it." 



He also mentions that, at the opening of the PnrliRioeiit in Nov. 177^ 

" Lord North spoke well, and with 
•t prudence. Col. Barre with wit and 
erity. Burke varmty anil not tcelt." 



" A country is undone before people 
<lifitinguish between affected lutd real 
virtue, and Cato is dead before snylmdy 
minds him. I could write a volume of 
reflections or comparisons, but to what 
purpose? Writings impel, but csii re- 
tttaio nobody. Every Clodius of the 
linn- •■'-''- •'■•■ naroo of Cato to biiusclf* 
ami own name on liis cuemy. 

Trii' ts but an bunilrr.I ytirt 

afterwards ; is then cntoni) 
and appears as flat as, or I 
than, the lies with which it is "uj i .umk a 



and has been overwhelmed. Everybo 
talks of the constitution, but all 
forget that the constitution is cxtremd 
well, oud would do very well if tbey woii 
but let it alone. Indeed it must 
strung constitution con«iileiing how lo 
it has been quwked nml drtctoicd. If J 
had a fcvri. it was o »liiw one. Ita pfl 
sent physicians imitate the faculty 
servilrlv, that tliry srem to think 



ing how much 1 hat 
r.llijbt not to be to cn 

ulrr i* mortt apt 

\fli» Mr heated 
tatce I have the wciMiritis uf lovil 



* Tlie Princess of Walct wu much abused In the utiriui writinfi tlwt ua 



putJcuUrly Wilkra'i. 



Wmi^tWt LOknU SSr Ehnu 





" TWfc it aMtkcr aeoe apcMsl of • laJn wgyriiii tad tS 
very fiftreat apect. Toakaveantke keoOBe tsfia cf 

li >e ■!■■ Ii I tn Ai«rinu* I tan — j ac cztmidtT Kc ttes of Mr 



I 



We aov letoTB to dotitic Urtorr sad tfce tiu i rta* •( Stmribenj 



Mr. Bamikam't O uiw gf m u amwei. 
KCB k : it ii dhiae— aal aa if tke 
Mice ; for aotkiag bat a iewi-goi at a 
doai-denl, dot ii, a aafaob, eaa parrhaar 
it. \nat do jaa tliuk of ttece thouMi 
poands.' ItimaaComgpo'tpMxaai 
■one of hb grinuce, vhicli. lile Siiak- 
•peare, he i* too apt to falead aad oob- 
I mjatU expect a maiiire to- 
a eompiete coit of trmoar of 
Frauds tlie Tint, vUcfa I hare boogbt 
ont of the Crozat collection. It aill 
Buke a great 6gBn here at Otiaato. Mr. 
Chate u come to welcome the moaarcfc at 
his hading. It is cniel to me nerer to 
see .yoe here. What an addition voald it 
be to the traaqaillitj I hare had the aease 
to gire myself ! It woold be delicioa* if 
time did not dispene or carry off ooe'i 
Ctieadsandcontemporarks. Astojoong 
acqaaiataaee, there is nonnitiBg the con- 
Tcrsation of different ages. One is 
ch eck ed ereiy moment : one cannot make 
an allanon to viiat one has seen, withoot 
being rtdnoed to explanations that be- 
come, or seem to them, old stories. The 
times immediatdj preceding their own, 
are what all men are least acquainted with. 
A young man knows Bomolus better than 




talk ihor talk lbs 4i^ 
Tc« sad I eoaU at least ti& of a ii^> 
dooa. v of Baoth ari Sba. CUicU -. ad. 
were t3« ranr own asafter. saetbiakf jvm 
woald fa^er ittaaamc-^anaaddnalea- 
Bgs ot b^y f auara aofoesgaa. ItamaaBa 
me whea I see awa by ehoaaa pask 
OS towards i taocCMioB o4 eoarts. Am- 
bition shcud be a pts&irm cf •rjv&. ■ not, 
as ic gcBetaIlyis,of theeadsf life. What 
joy caa it be to garera &e graadehBdhia 
of oar cootemporaries : It is b«« beiag 
a oKire magnilWrat kind of ii hiinlmastir. 
I was toU that I skoald icgRC naitt » t 
my seat in Paiiiamcat: hax I 
myself better than those ps o phets 
Foar years are past, aad I hare * 
nothing bat applandmy naJarioa 
1 compare my sitnirina with soy i 
.gi^.t-.! and torbalent Ufe, I woai' 
I had spiriu to go through the 
or how I can be charmed with the latter 
withoat baring lost those spirits. * * 
" I was bom at the top of the world ; I 
hare long been nobody, aad am charaMd 
to be so. I see die insoUurr of 



* The following riew of the American war, when yet a q>ark that Walpole thoo^ 
a tread of his slipper might stifle, is curious. 

" Well ! but we hare a worse riot, thoo^ a little farther off. Bostoa-^aot fa lin- 
colnshire, though we hare had a riot eren there— bat in New England, is almost io 
rebellion, and two regiments are ordered tiiither. Letters are come in that say the 
other proTinces disapprore, and eren the soberer persons there. In truth // it btUmtd 
in the city that this twmuU mil bt eosi/y got iht better of. Our nary, too, is ia to 
Tery formidable plight that onr neigbboors win not mnch care to iataftre. U if 
transadoas thefbfta we haTC in fbs ifrcr, at Hymoath and PortsMoath," *«. 

Out. Mao. Vok XX. i I 




42 



WalpoU's Leltera to Sir Horace Mann. 



rion ; but how does it hart me ? They 
ciUi neither frighten me nor deprive nic of 
«ny cnjoYment. I UukH at I lieir dignity, 
which 1 generally see built or leaning on 
meuioeu and tUrcry ; and wiiich is be^t 
founded, their contempt or mine ? To )>c 

I determined to be content vilh little, is to 
determine that one'a happiness shall de- 
pend on no one but one'iS'ScU ; but, if 
consideration is one's (mint, I do not see 
why one should be satisfied without being 
emperor of the world. One superior 



would mortify me more than a thousand 
inferiors homoging mc would contrihnb 
to my ^alisfaetinn'. but when one is em4 
peror of onc's-wlf, all is harmony end 
sunshine. And, depend upon it, a tao4 
derate fortune is more capable of hestowi 
ing and ensuring that reign, than any po<j 
aition of grandeur. Were I rich, mj 
ncpbens nnd nieces would be attentive 
and sincere enough ; I tike better 
know their heart't."' 



But we must illustrate this profession of philosojihy ; for example, 



I 



I 



I 
I 



"The current of time hurries every- 
thing along with it, and if we have the 
patience to sit still and sec it pass ii is 
sure of washing away our vexations, as 
well as our pleasures ; and, both being 
dreaniB, are not woi-th reniembrauce. I 
have attained so much habitual philoso- 
phy (for I believe in no other) that events 
which would formerly have distressed me 
exceedingly, do not now put me out of 
temper; as I experienced last week. A 
dosen powder-mills, within tivn miles of 
Twickenham, blew up last week, and 
almost levelled my castle ns low as Troy. 
This is fur from true ; but the explosion 
really demolished four of my windows of 
painted glass, and broke as many more. 



I neither stomached it like a .Stoic, noq 

d d the undertaker of the millk likq 

a Christian. I shall set about mcndlDf 
them with the patience of Pcnclopa 
though with the prospect of having then 
ruined again, for, as Mr. lientley said, in 
this country ' abuecH oj-e freehold?.* and I 
do not believe the neighbourhood will get 
the mills removed. The Duke of North- 
umberland, to raise his rent a triflei 
obtained an Act of Parliament for lhi(" 
nuisance ; indeed, he got the consent 
the gentlemen within the circuit, by pro-" 
misiog they should be corn-mills; but the 
Act was no sooner passed, than, lo! limy 
became powder-mills ! and have torn the 
whole county to pieces !" dc. 



The following letter relates to tlic presumod insuiiity of his relative I>ord 
Orford, who was supposed iiicnpable of inaiinging liib af^iirs, nliich 
inanageinciit devolved on Mr. Wnlpolc, and .tt liis death he took the title 
aud estates. 



" When my mind reposes a little, I 
smile at myself, t intended to trifle out 
the remnont of my days ; and lo ! they 
are invaded by lawyers, stewards, phy- 
sicians, and jockeys ! Yes ; this whole 
week past I have been nrgotiottng a sale 
of race-horses at Nrwinurkct, and, to the 
honour of my transactioii$, the tale has 
turned out grently. My Gothic onccstors 
are forgotten ; I am got upon the tuif. 
I give orders obout jjume, dispark Hough- 
ton, have plans of farming, vend colts, 
ftllies, bulliicks, nnd ihccp, ond have not 
yet confounded terms, not uidcred point- 
ers to be turned to grasii. I nind the 
]>art of the nnwspapers I used to skip, 
and peruse the listi of 'wcepstakts : not 
the articles of H nor the rela- 

tions of the th' iiouth for the 

King, or atOitoru iinnc Viceroy North. 



1 must leave Europe and its kings an 

?|Ucens to you ; we do not talk of suol 
oiks at the Inns of Court. I sold Sin' 
for live hundred guineas : 1 shall nevt 
get five pence by the Monarclis of 111 
Empire, and therefore we jockeys of It 
Temple, and we lawyers of Ncwniarke 
Inihl them to be very insignificint iiiJ 
vidunls. The only political point tlid 
tijuchcs mc at present is what does ocia 
eion much noise imd trouble, — die nc 
.Art that decries guinras under weigh 
Though I have r ' ' ' ' receive 
guinea myself ul "Is incnm* 

,...1 I n,..., ii .... I 'o my l.ijyl 

i ltd 1 om now in a frigtf 

i. M -money of the racea 

sh.julil he uiiiili: in light coin, — not fro 
suspicion of sutdi Aonouratitf men, 
from their inatlentiim In monoy." 



As thia letter proceeds, Walpolc gives a bird's-eye -view of the state i 
society nt tliat tiiuc, ns he looked hi it from liis retreat nt t>tranl>erl 
IliH. ' 



•' They say the Bunk It lo Usve five- 
pcnind i.ot#« : at preneul all trade is at a 



•top, and the confatlno is utrcmc. Yi 
verily, Ihr villalty and lnli|nities flf • 



Walffoie't Lellers to Sir Horace Mwu. 



InaUod is dniaed. nd kw boI ■ ddUM. kM 



Th> eznlodoB cf tba Seotch kaaks ha* 

icdooeil tbrm almott u low, aad raak 
tbcit lioaristiing maDofaclsre* to loir, 
mtrr rbb. The ^taccsnonii are at their 
a* pluM ultra .■ Cbirirs Fox b alreadf ■(> 
like Juliua Ccaar, that he owe* aa haa- 
ilrH ihoanBd pmuuU. Lord Carfiffe 
|uT.< tiurco baadred, aDd Mr. Crew 
tr 1 n-Tcar for hira — lilml\j 

for : bOQDii for him, whUe be, 

u 19 as Cesar. U indilfermt 

sb iltry conotcn ; one mast 

talk ui < i'.i,'i> when one hss no Sdpio. 
Yet, if the merit of some historic iloe« 
not iotcitat pusterity by the beaaty of 



itatiM, thM ^c wiU ka «■ litOa 
kamra as tkte aaaala «f Ikre BfBMtia* 
BoyBc, Barked Ml; by ncea and foUas. 
Wku i* Eociaad BO« :— A sink of ladtaa 
wealth, filled by naboba and eaptied by 
Maecateais! A se«at>, sold aad de> 
I ! A u u— li y o i eiiau by hone- 
i! A gtmiag. robbtor, wrangting. 
railitiK aaflMB, witkoat principle*, geoins, 
daraotcr, or al&ea ; the overgrown shadow 
of what it was ! Lord bless me ! I t«n 
on like a political barber. I must go 
back to my <hop. I fhall let farms well, 
if I attend to the ftate of the nation '. 
Whsl's Hecnba to me ? Dont read tbe 
end of my letter to the Countess ;* she 
will think I am as mad ss her son." 



Id another letter tie says, 

" My life, which, Iboagh always occd- 
pied, has in renlily been an idle one, is 
now passed in bosiness. Combating 
ropies if n"t (l.c lijst part of my employ- 
ment. 1 ' ftick to the carcase 
of my Hi , :te, as if they Iiad not 
been gorgcii witn it^i flesh. The lawyers 
press on me with offers of managing; tbe 
servants cannot break themselves of pil* 
fering ; and my lord's friends set up 
promises, as if they had left him anything 
to give. It is strictly true, that, from tbe 
instant he was »eixed, there has been but 
one universal thought of plundering. I 
create enemies at every step, and must 
expect torrents of abase, because I am 
dctcrinioed not to deserve it. My ad- 
mintslration is an epitome of greater 
aeenes ; and, happily, I enter upon it at 
aa age when every passion is cooled. I 

Everybody lias heard of Mrs. Anne Pitt, the sister of Lord Challmm, 
and of her abilities and charncter : hut everybody dues not know hrtw 
LonI ('hntliam feared .-tud avoided licr. Her portrait exists nt Stow from 
the peuril of Hudson, and now a sketch, (Mrrhaps not less resembling the 
original, may be read from tlic pen of Walpole. 



shall be inexcusable if I do anythini; 
right. My fatlier alone was cnpshlo 
acting on one great plan of honesty from 
the beginning of his life to the end. Ho 
cnuld for ever wage war with knaves and 
malice, and preserve his temper ; could 
know men and yet feel for them ; could 
smile when opposed, and be gentle after 
triumph. He wia steady, without being 
eager; and successful, without being rain. 
He forgot tbe faults of others, and hia 
own merits ; and wu as incapable of fear 
as of doing wrong. Oh ! how unlike 
him 1 am ! how passionate, timid, and 
vain-glorious! How incapable of copy- 
ing him, even in a diminutive sphere '. in 
short, 1 have full as much to correct in 
myself as to control in others ; and I 
must look into my oirii breast as often at 
into bills and accounts. Adieu !" 



" Lady Bute desires mcto tell yon that 
Mrs. -\nne Pitt is going to Pisu, and that 
I Kould recommend her to you. I should 
do that on my own account, as I am very 
Intimate with her. You knoiv she is Lord 
(Chatham's sister, as well as his very 
image ; httt you rotint tnkc care not to 
make your court to her on that head, as 
thpv •"■' "" ''"ir friends. She has exccl- 
ler> I cat deal of wit, and not so 

»wv< I ) OS to contradict the like* 

Dcac uf iicr ligatures. She has at times 
been absolutely £np/i«A,t but not in the 



pre!ent style of the fashion, and has m 
too good sense to eiliiliit any ci 
ordinary scenes. She is extremely w( 
bred, and knows the world perfectly. _ 
short, she will be much pleased with your 
attentions, and will idoosc you in a very 
different wjiy from llic grncrality of our 
exports, 1 dread sciwltiig you any ht»dy 
that I have nut known long, and soma 
(hat I do i hut ilieru i> no danger from 
Mrs, Pitt, who has always lived in tba 
great world, and is not of an age to play 
the fool- especially on a »nmll llieatra. 



4 




• Coanlesa of Orford, then at Florence. 

t Out of ber senses, iihe died so some years after. 



WaJpole't Letltrs to Sir Horace Mann. 



!!»t. 



he linn not succeeded so well iia eh* in- 
endcil on o »cry Inrpp one ;' but you may 
rpcnd upon it, Tuscany will not tempt 
I will not aniwer bnt she may take 



liberties with romrf th*t hive b««n 
templed by ijrtttl ituchitt ; but you will 
have the prudence not to >eem to hear 
what it ia better not to anawer.'' 



We DOW have a little home sketch of Ttrickenhara, anii its neighboar- 
hood. 



" Id the midst uf thia cuinhugtion ft. e. 
ttf' election*) we are in perils by land and 
water. It has rained for this month 
without intermission. There is a sea be- 
tween me and Richmond, and Sunday 
was se'nnight I was harried down to Isle- 
worth in the ferry-boat by the violence of 
the current, and had great difficulty to 
get to shore. Our roads are so infested by 
highwaymen that it is dangerous stirring 
out almost by day. Lady Hertford was 
attacked on Houuslow Heath at three in 
the afternoon. Ur. Eliot was shot at, 
three days ago, without having resisted ; 
and the day before yesterday we were 

I near losing our Prime Minister, Lord 
Korth ; the robbers shot at the postilion, 
■ad wounded the latter. In short, all 
tbe/reelioolert that are not in India have 
token to the highway. The ladies of the 
'bedchamber dare not go to the Queen at 
JCew in an evening. The lane between 
me and the Thames is the only safe road I 
Itnow at present, for it is up to tbe middle 
of the horses in water. Next week I ?haU 
not venture to London, even at noon, for 
the Middlesex election is to be at Brent- 
ford, where the two demagogues, Wilkes 
and TowDshend, oppose each other ; and 
at Richmond there is no crossing the 
river. How strange all this must appear 
to yon Florentines ; but you may turn to 
your Machiavelli and Guicciardini, and 
have some idea uf it. t am the quietest 
Lnan at present in the whole island, not 
" nt I might take some part if 1 would. 
I in my garden yesteriioy, seeing my 
ats lop some trees ; my brewer walked 
ed me to go to Guildhall, for 
on of nxrabers fur the county. 

dalji ' Sir, when I would go 

» more ti» my oum elcctinn, you may be 
very tore I will go to that of uobody else.' 
My old tuiM is, 
['Euave mari magno turbantthus Bqnora 
ven^, tec-" 

• • • • 

■ K ftm» emit bappeoad two days ago 
|t--a noUtial and moral eroit I the sudden 
niwih of that geoond KouU Kbau, Lord 



Clive. There was certainly illnen in the 
cnse ; the world thinks more than illness. 
His constitution was exceedingly broken 
■nd disordered, and grown subject to vio- 
lent pains and convulsions. He carae 
unexpectedly to town lost Monday, and 
they say ill. On Tuesday his physidan 
gave him a dose of laudanum, which had 
not the desired elfect. On the rest, there 
are two stories ; one, that the physician 
repeated the dose ; the other, that he 
doubled it himself, contrary to advice. 
In short, he has terminated at fifty a life 
of so much glory, reproach, art, wealth, , 
and ostentation ! He had just named ten j 
members for the new parliament. Next 
Tuesday that parliament is to meet — and 
a deep game it has to phy I few parlia- 
ments a greater. The world is in amaze 
here that no account is arrived from Ame- 
rica of the rcanlt of their General Con- 
gress — if any is come it is very secret ; j 
and tAat has no fiivourable aspect. The 
combination and spirit there seem to be 
universal, and is very alarming. I am the 
humble servant of events, and yon know 
never meddle with prophecy. It would 
be difficult to descry good omens, be the 
issue what it will. The old French Par- 
liament is restored with great eclat. 
Monsieur de Maurepas, author of the 
revolution, wos received one night at the 
Opera with boundless shouts of applause.] 
It is even said that the mob intended,] 
when the King should go to hold tbe lit\ 
ilejmtice, to draw his coach. How tin* 
guiar it would be if Wilkes's case shouUl 
be copied for a King of France I Do yonl 
think Rousseau wns in il,.' right, wheBJ 
be said that he con' ' oould b«] 

the manners of an\ . from cer- 

tain given lights .' '^t ''•1 

mav do on Constn, ' 

h-.-' '■ ■ • ^ 

\ 

IK ■ , 

not even on tbe poi^ioniiiK Jesuits. Fitt 
our part, I repeat it, we slutll conlributi 
nothing to the Hittoire iltf Mann, no 
for want of materials, but for want 
writers. We bate comodiei without no> 



* She was Privy Purse to the Princess Dowager, orer whom she had expected nmcb 
Inflaenoe ; but, meddling too macb, wat dUgraccd. 
t Dochen o( Combcrbad. 



IMS.] 



fVaJpole'g Letters to Sir Horace Mann. 



2»S 



I 



•vltjr, grow ntim without ftinp, met*- 
pbrvc^ rio^eeer, and aBtiquariaof that 
oiaoonr notBing.* 

Baeot<km in ensto janres acre natos I 

Don't (cU me I um grown old nod peevish 
■ad tapcreilioiu — name the fenisaei of 
1TT4, aail I sabmit. The next Aiimiratan 
DgR will dawn on the other lUIe of the 
AtltTitu-. There will perhaps bo a Thu- 

?'didr5 at Boston, a Xpooiihon at New 
otk.f and, in time, a Virgil at Mexico, 
and a Neaton at Peru. At lost, some 
cnrioQs trarcUer from Lima will visit 
England, and give a description of the 

Tbe openinf^ of the Acadctny and 
giren in the following lines : 

" 1 dined to-da} at the Exhibition of 
P1«larea> with the Rojal Academicians. 
Wc do not beat Titian or Guidu yet. 
Zottiuu has sent over a wretched Holy 
Faailx. What is he doto; ? Does he 
rgtuni or go tu Riusia, aa they say ? He 
ia Ihs Hogarth of Dutch painting, but, 
ao ■art than Hogarth, can shine oat of 
hia OWD way. He might have drawn the 
■ B0I7 Fauuly " well, if he hod seen them 
ut ttatit f«o. Sir Joshua Reynolds is a 
gnM painter, hat, unfortunately, his co- 
loun tchlom stsDiI longer tluo aajaDi.X 



mint of St Paul's, like the editions of 
Balbec and Palmyra ; but am I not )nt>> 
phesying, contrary to my consummate 
prudence, and casting horoscopes of em- 
pirea like Rousseau? Ves; well, I will 
go and dream of my visionr. • • • 
The EcclesiasUcal Court, I hear, has de- 
eidcd, and will pronounce, that the person 
eommonly called Duchess of Kingston is 
a certain Mrs. Hervey. The new Lord 
Holland is dead — stay ; yon mast not be. 
licve a word I tell yon. Truth in this 
climate won't keep sweet four-and.tweaty 
hours. Lord Bristol myu, uotliing can be 
done against the Duchess of Kingston." 

its paintings, in Ibe yev 1 77b, a 

Wc have a Svrede, one Loutherbourg,! 
who would paint landacapc and rattle ex< 
rellcntly if he did not in every picture 
indulge some one colour inordinately. 
Horse, dogs, and animals, we paint ad> 
mirnbly, and a few landscapes well. I'hc 
prices of all are outrageous, and the num- 
Ijeti of professors still greater. We have 
an American, West, who deals in high 
history, aud is vastly admired, but he ia 
heavier than Guercino, and has still leas 
grace, imd is very iaferiur. Wc have 
ainutt a atatuaiy or two, || and very good 



* Walfiole might alluile to Oarrick and Colman ai rertards comedies, to Paul White- 
keid ia Miiirea, and to Iturke in metaphysical eloquence ; and for the antiqoaries, to 
Ml " ^^e, and the whole body. — Ret. 

i if the prophecy has been verified ; for Mr. Prescott's History of Perdi- 

nu . ..clla is written in a spirit and style worthy of \enophon, and may rank 

among the tirst in the Enijtiel] language. — Rkv. 

I It is high time to correct many fajse impressions which are torrent in tbe world 
cmccniing the want of duiability in the colouring of Sir Jo«hua. Mr. Walpole him- 
rnU poaacaaed two portr.-uts by him of Lord and Lady Widdegrave, which were aa 
uarfnct as when fresh from the easel ; and the 
rail Mall will, it is to be hoped, go far to remo 



on '■■*'• 
Pl 

Wi: 
tli' 
CD' 

taj' • I 

Cu\> I'. 
.i.l. Ml. 

!• ab 1: 
!" 'inlv 
IjilMiurK. 



'cular iustances. "The colonrini; 
- best works, combines Ok lii_' ■. 
;ncy and luxuriance of the Dm 



of his works this year 

which has been founi 

. J .liua Reynolds (says 

iilitirs of Corrcggio and Titian 

Uie Flemiiih schools, deprived of 

T/u common srrer tial hu ctiluuri all fail, ought by this time to be 

I. It is ti>o true tiiat this is the case with tlic ci>louriag of many pic- 

iiigasAor/ period of his life; be thought that he had dis- 

ng colouriuf more vivid, and employed it. without duly con- 

.^..luJities of his materials. But be was soou made acquainted 

had committed, re-n<sumed his durable system, with increased 

lud continued to employ it till tbe termination of his valuable 

S iilr Lecturr.s uii Painting, p. 372. 

i When the name of Luuthcrbourg is mentioned, we alwaya recall to mind the 

of our cstcauicd and venerable friend Mr. Lisle Oowlcs 1 

" Artist, I own thy genius — but the touch 

May be too rcstlejis, and the glare too much ; 

And iurc none ever saw a luTidstiajie shiuo 

Baskine ■" '- ".-- of such a kuu us thine. 

But (• tr upon his phiz, 

Ajid [1 . '• Oh ! LorJ. hoit Kot itU." 

I WilMO, Bask*, Nollckens, and Bacon, were the sculptors of that list, of w] 

■t Ica«t wu a UMQ of gtaiui. Tlw dmbo of IUobim iiualu lUuulil mmx be 



c aa , 



^alpok's Letters to Sir HorncenantT 



Rnd more pure. Vir. Iiiirc private holism 
Hint cost more tUau tlie Palace t'ilU. 
Will yon never come and bcc your fine 
counlrr before it is undone I " 



krcliitccts : but as VaobrngU dealt in 
quarries, and Kent in lumber^ Adam, our 
most admired, is all gingcrbrcid, fili- 
gratne, and fan-painting. \Vyat, less 
fashionable, has as much tastei is grander, 

We make our last extract from the letters describing the death of WaN 
'pole's oldest and most intimate friend, Mr. Chute, of the Vine, in Hamp- 
shire ; he was also the friend of (!ray. and from liis house, near Basing- 
stoke, some of Gray's letters are dated. His character uill be best given in 
Walpole's own words, still warm with the glow of affection, and painting 
Strongly the severity of his loss. 



" This foUl year (1776) puU to the 
proof the nerves of my friendship I I was 
disappointed of seeing you when I had set 
my heart on it, — and now I have lost Mr. 
Chute I It is a heavy blow ; but such 
strokes reconcile one's-self to parting with 
this pretty vision, life ! What is it, when 
one has no longer those to whom one 
speaks as confidentially as to one's own 
soul ? Old friend; are the great blessing 
of one's latter years— half a word conveys 
one's meaning. They have memory of 
the same events, and have the same mode 
of tliinking. Mr. Chiile and I agreed 
invariably in our principles ; he was my 
■ counsel in my affairs, was my oracle in 
'taste, the standard to whom I submitted 
my trifles, and the genius that presided 
over poor Strawberry ! His sense decided 
me in every thing ; his nit and quickness 
illuminated every thing. I saw him 
ofi«ner than any man ; to him in every 
difficulty I had recourse, and him I loved 



to have here, as our friendship was so 
entire, and wc knew one another so en- 
tiiely, that he alone never was the least 
constraint to me. Wc parsed many hours 
together without saying a syllable to each 
other — for we were both above ceremony. 
I left him without excusing myself, read 
or wrote before him, as if he were not 
present. Alas I alas I and how tc\f pre- 
sides even in our grief! I am lamenting 
myself, not him I no, I am lamenting ray 
other self. lialf is gone ; the other re- 
mains solitary. Age and sense will make 
me bear my affliction with submiMsion .ind 
composure— but for ever — (hat \itl\c fur 
ever that remains, 1 shall miss liim. My 
first thought will always be, 1 vUl go talk 
to Mr. t'hule on thu, — the second, alat .' 
I cnnnnt ; and therefore judge how my 
life is poisoned ! 1 shall only seem to he 
staying behind one who has set out a 
little before mc." 



I 

m 



Here follows a description of his disease and death. 



And why should I lament ? His eyes, 
[jdways short-sighted, were grown dimmer, 
litis hearing was grown imperfect, his hands 
were all chalk-stones and of Utile use, his 

Feet very lame — yet how not lumrnt ? The 
Tigour of his mind was strong as ever ; 
liis power of reasoning clear as demon- 
stration ; his rapid wit astonishing as at 
forty, about which time you and I knew 
him first. Even the im]>etuosity of his 
temper was not abated, and all his bo- 
nuuic virtues bed but increased with his 
.age. He was grown sick of the world ; 
w very, very few persons; submitted 
[trith unparalleled patience to all his sof- 
"Vrings ; ond, in live-and-thirty years, I 

levcr once saw or heard him complain of 
them, nor, passionate as he was, knew 



him fretftil. His impatience seemed to 
proceed from his vast sense, not from hii , 
temper : he saw every thing so clcarljr I 
and imn ' ' ilml he could ntpt bear ! 
a mom i diction from fully or 

defective ... — ..X. Sudden contempt i 
broke out, particularly on politics, whicii, i 
having been fixed in hiiu by a most sensi- 
ble father, and matured by deep rrtlpclion, 
were rooted in his inmost soul, Htl 
truth, integrity. I.e. I ab- 

horrence of all di' ion- 

tempt; and even 1 warm 

and stcaily. was nricn 1. ik off | 

politics with him, so iu'j :!• it to ' 

be zealous rnnugh tn coiitvnl Imn when 1 
most agreed with him. Nay, if I dis- 
puted with him, I leirnt aometbiog from 



noun, 
sale . 
)... . 



I lumw iiid, tiat ** liooicB 





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18-13.] 



Syon Monastery. 



247 



■im, nnil alwsys Mw truth in ■ stroag«r 
■iry light. III!) posiessioa 
iici! nf uri];iitiiccit I'cJuecil 
l^oii'.'* '"to .'xioiJis, luiJ fhv* O-leopnos 
idras ittrnrk nul. IU^Ik:^ uf ttie 
fctist «it, llr Miiv <iti EUiMenljr Hiiil 
?»r. that, u Mr. Brnllcy said of tiin 
■go. Am ui/ ilriiri Oif mure ynu 
} it, mil more than at firtt hear- 
^)n jump* oner two or Ihree inter- 
Jf iileat, and couples tfie firtt xeil/t 
^kiri or fovrth. Don't itonder I 
fout my licoit to you ; you knew lam, 
V><>w how faithfully true »11 I say of 
My loss is moat irreparjiblc. To 
wx« the most faitliful and aecurc 
nrlit. luij n cleli|;htfulcom|>imion. I 
1 1. f him. Can I love 
It- rit Ihnn I bnve bad 

"id it it possible 
d au liabitunl 

irs' dtoncUug ? 

haTC' young relutiou:!! tlwkt may grow 
I upon m«, for toy oRlurr is offectionate, 
ii'y grow old friends ': My age 
nL Still li-.-s- Clin they grow 
Is it friondship to explain 
J»? One inuat r.lnle the bis- 
t irifrmory and idc-ii? ; and what 
ling, but old storie* ? No, 
< could be that icsource, 



bat I roust not think of it — I must not 
be aelfisb. I must do what I ought 
do, while I remain here ; pass my time 
amusinc;ly as 1 can ; enjoy the fricndi 
have left ; driuk my grief in silence — it ig 
too sincere for parade ; and what cares 
tlie world about my pri\'ate sensations ? 
Or what has an old man to do but to be 
forgotten ; and to remember bow soon he 
will be so? Forgive this expansion of my 
hfirt ; it was necessary to me. I will not 
often mention poor Sir. Chute even to 
you. His loss is engraven on my soul, 
und real gi icf does not seek for applause. 
Could the world's plaudit comfort me, sit 
with roe, liesr me, adtise me.' Did it 
know Mr. Chute's worth as well as I did ? 
Does it love mc as well ? When it does, 
I will beg il9 compa.csion. I have done, 
and will now show you that 1 am master 
of myself, and remember you, and con- 
sider that at this distance of time you 
c»\not feci what I do, and must ~ 
anxious about public alTairs. If I ii 
dulged my own feelings, I should forsweii 
thinking of the public. He is gone to 
whom I ran with every scrap of news 
heard \ but I promised to forget niyscl 
I will go take a walk, sbed a tear, and 
turn to jrou more composed." 



y^ 



on 

sai* 



SYON MOKASTERY. 

OVHh a Plate.) 




THEraorDO-steryof Syon was fouoded 
I by Htnry V. in U15, within hia 
' manui of Islewurtli. co. Middlesex. 
It wa.< the unly houae in England uf 
I the raadiHcd order of St. Augiislinc, 
IM rif'Hi.ircl liv .St. Bridget. It cor.- 
I Mil' isons, answering to the 

13 rp . icludiiig Si. Paul), and 

I 73 (liscipies : VIZ. Co nuns, uf whom 
I out WU abbess, 13 priests, one of 
whom Tvai> to be cunfessor-geuernl ; 
foar tlellCon^, representing the four 
' doctor* of the cliurcl), Ambrose, Au- 
gustine. Gregory, and Jcruiuc ; and 9 
Uy bmhrrii, in all '25 men. The 
mooa»lery wns dissulvcd in 15.'J9 by 
HcnryVKI.; who retained the property 
in his own hands ; but in the first of 
Kdw. VI. the Protector Somerset ac- 
(|uired it by royul grant ; on his at- 
tainder (he limiBi'snd i-stalr worecon- 
fi*i.'ak'(i lu tlie crown ; and in the 
nest year were L'liiiit.d lo John Dudley 
duke of Nortl '. 

Tlii- fill- "f ■ •!« communily 

of ' ;cry ol tjyun i» singular 

I abil .r:, 



After their first dissolutioD by Henry 
VIII, the nuns of Syon had resided at 
Deimond in Klanders, where Cardinal 
Pule found them ; and at his reco 
mcndution lliey were restored to thei 
monastery at Syon ; but the enjoyi 
tnent of their possessions was of short 
duration, for on the accession of Queen 
Klizabcth the house at Syon was 
ngain dissolved. The nuns did not 
separate ; but returned to Dermood in 
Fl.indcrs, where they lived for somo 
years, but being greatly impovcrishei 
Philip II. grunted Ihcm a pensioi 
At the same lime (1563), the Duchess 
of Parmn, Regent of Flanders, assigned 
Ihcrn a tnonaslery in Zealand. They 
rcroaiued there till I5G8, when llicy 
removed to Drabant, where they dwell 
four or five years. The Pflcstai 
annoying theni, tlicy fled to Antwer] 
where they remained a year, and wei 
removed to Mechlin, where they livi 
.^evcn years under the protection of 
Krnncia Ktigleficld. They remaini 
at Mrchliii until it was taken by tl 
Prince of Orange, when Ihry went 






248 



Syon Monarttry. 



[Sept 



* 



Antwerp, and then fled to Rouen, 
where they resided acme time, and were 
much inconvenienced during the siege 
of that city hy Henry IV. They there- 
fore determined to leave Knuen ; and 
arrived at Lisbon, 2d May, K>9'l. 

In 1031 both church and monastery 
were burnt to the ground, and in tG5G 
they returned to their monastery after 
it was rebuilt. The monastery suSered 
much, in common with the whole city, 
during the dreadful earthquake at 
Lisbon, in 1756. 

An interesting picture of this re- 
ligious society as it existed in 176O is 
exhibited by Baretti, in his "Journey 
from London to Genoa." 

*' It it called the English nunnery, be- 
ctiue no girl is admitted in it but what ie 
born a subject of England. 1 1 consists of 
little more than 20. The chief anxiety 
of the community is to keep their number 
full. They are liberal to every body of 
choooUte, cakes, and iweetmeatf. Nuns 
in all countries are soft ood obliging 
■peakers ; bat these am certainly the 
iofteat and most obliging that ever fell in 
mjr way. 

"Not a syllable issued from their lips 
but what was dictated by modesty and 
racekiie'S, humility and benevolence. 
The King allows them such a sum as 
enablesthemtofind themselves in victuals, 
linen, and raiment. Yet life, even by re- 
cluse women, cannot be passed very 
comfortably with mere neoessaries, aud 
some addition is wanting to keep it from 
(tagnating. These minute superfluities, 
which the French caJl tlouceurt, are left 
entirely to their iodnstry ; and these 
they procure partly by work, aud partly 
by making trifling presents, which arc 
often returned with liberality. Some have 
small jicnsions paid by their friends, aud 
whatever is got by one is shared by all." 

Theac nuns continued as a com- 
munity at Lisboo till I6O9, when • 
aeparatint. ' tohavctukcn place. 

Someof'.: I refuge inEiigland, 

and wcrt „....j., icccived by Mallow 
Sidney, esq. of Cowpcr Hall, John 
Gage, esq. (after Rol;c^vo'!l ) . aud other 
friends. Theyresid ilwoith, 

then m IVckham. br iiool not 

lucccrdini^ they gpjwitoli'd. 

The nuns wlio rctnnined at 1,i"bon 
underwent many privuli' 
vent having bfcn ron' 
hospital for i' > i ''"t 

after ttiv |i(>fti r landed 




The convent l« still existing, and 
a vievT of its eTterior is cihibited in 
the annexed Plate. 

LitI <ff t/ie prttmt rommimify : Abbcrs, 
Mary Magdalen Smith. }•{■■•'■•• *in 
Qridi^t Springfcllow. S: 
ftAiitin Sorrell, Winifred Ti 
Mury Bernard Eccles, Mury Ellin 
le«, Mary Lucy Richmond, Cui 
Elii. Bnrchall, Mary Winifred Koi'cr, 
Elii. Clare Coulston. Lny .Siiteni, Mary 
A^tha Carter, Mary Barbara Carter, 
Anne Atiaa CUtfi-. 

" The sisters have a portrait of theh- 
founder Henry V. supposed to have been 
brought from England. They have also 
a book, entitled. A Catalogue of the Dead, 
both brothers, sisters, and benefnctor».in 
the Monastery of Syon, from the first 
founder down to the present time, which 
is read every morning in the Chapter 
Honsc." 

" On the second dissolution by Queen 
Elizabeth, the nuns took away with them 
not only what treft^xre they could carry, 
but likewise ' ihr krjs of Syon House, 
and the iron cros« from the top of the 
church, by ^***'^* "f U. pj>ing up their claim 
tothislhcii These they con. 

vcyed with 1 ! their changes of 

habitation, ami siill retain at their pre- 
sent house of Syon in Lisbon.' The 
late Dake of NortliumberUod p.'<id the 
nuuj a visit at Lisbon, itnd pn-scnled them 
with a model in silver uf Syon House at 
laleworth. They told him they still had 
the keys of .Syon House : ' But,' said 
the Duke, ' I have altered the locks sine* 
then.' " 

Tlie history of the estate and build- 
ings at Isleworth, from the dissolu- 
tion by Elizabeth, is shortly told. 
It secme to have been retained by 
the queen in her own lunnds, and she 
appointed Sir F. Kuollys Vccprr for 
life. In IG04, Jamci I. p; 'i 

House, &c. to the Earl iif ^ 
land, in whose reprc" '1 

female heiresses, it i j 

ita present noble owner. 

•»• For tlie prercdiiiir i> nlirulan, as 
well as for the u»e of >■ are 

infl^'Nt*-'! tf> Atr. Am ^rv of 



•ajQiocii liy »enTai tiiguiu lauics. ijiii.'un. 




249 



Mkmoib or Majob-Gsx. Tboxai Dmrmt, urs tb» ExrsAinofi 

GUADALOITPE lit 1794 : (T UeS^KT J. BkABWUI*. Em. 



I or »boot the Sth Ja»e a« 
_ nt •rriTed Irom Fraace. eooMittag 
of tvo frigate*, ooe eorrvttr. two fortj- 
foara, anacd "<a Bale," and tvo 
other »ii>pf, vith aboat 1,900 traopa 
on boaid. Tber iattaatty laafcd o« 
Graad Terre, aad, after twe oaasc- 
ctatfal eftirts, taccMdcd ia tlicir 
attack oo fort Fleard'Ep^vkich Ibef 
carrkd bjr (tora. 

The CoHBiaiMler in Chief, SirOiaflei 
Grey, Ikaviag r et a iecd tki« iaialfacaee 
at si Chriatopber'a, maietiOnatrom 
I h eac a, and oo the litemooe of the 7th 
arrived at Batae Terre with rFtntoroe- 
Dcota. At daybreak oa the 9(h the 
KrtDcti, aAer haeiag hoiatcd their 
ealiwrt. opened Ihrir fire bom fact 
Fleor d'Epee and the battery ai Gro- 
•i«r on the fleet, bat withoot iBodi 
dasnaee* 

On the nomiag of the 11th Ihc 
eDCny croesed the rirrr Saife to Banr 
Trrre, and took po>t at BerriUe, a 
fine [ilaDtctioo belongio; to a genUe- 
mao ol that oaiac, vhca Ike 
ttljkt U Ihe Aoaar. A af n y ^ Iht 

prrlf. /g a rery larye mmmat. 

Oo the I3U, at ele«e« o'dodi at 

night, Brigadier-General FrancU Dan- 
das ottacktd the enaar with Ihe Itt 
light iofantry nmSer Major Roaa, the 
39th ander Major Morgan, aad a ile- 
taehment of artillery, with two field 
picoea. The attack waa ao amldcn and 
drtermined that the French fled in the 
almoat coofauoa, leaving 179 dead on 
the field, while onr Iom aaoaated to 
bat acveo killed, and tweire wovnitedj 

the memy's --' — -. baggage, 

and ammur ; o, foiling 

into the Itai 

f >o the I 'X 'nc* note 

lantli^i] on f • : ■ .Ii itiileik 

fr 
fl r , ■ ^ 

d'i'jpvr, tih • 



{Cmlimmri fnm f. IfiO.) 

S9ththe FreKh 
withahoa«I,00e 



II 
t) 
took (. 



oyed 

■ ^^ 

'(jih the eaemy nadc an 
■ sortie from fort Flcur 
vrral akirniiihei aoar daily 

!li aiiln, till on the 

:<U XX. 



with coaaidBaiile loaa on the 
the eaciay. while the laaa of d* i 




to 30 
the farmer iMeA.Taamj* 

6Sth. aad af the late C^C de r ' 

of Oe artSkfj. 

Fbkerama hit threejwes hf 

thot.nadhiaT 

TW rainy 
tcndy aet in, and the 1 
apjifoncBng, tse CoMsander- m-' 
arms determined to I 
fiaidi the cMBpn«L Hia 
the two last 

excelleat anaaer ia which he 
planocd hia attack, kd hitt to 
pate a gtorioa* reaatt. 

A la^hodyaftroa^aadcrGaacnl 
Syae* were to — ith i" 
and Make t h e amJwj aaUirs cf the 
heigfata aritaad Ihe Iowa of I 
Pitre. while hwiirif, at the 
the fcat af the arary, was to 
fctt Flear i'ifie oa accsag a | 
ccftcd aig^ iira« GcMcal 
bat fins I 

•taadiagihe wkole arikc 
«cil-«(|^aBiaed plaa Med, wMh iW 
atnort Mai dcatractioa of the forcea 
ennitoyed. 

UMtead of the hctglits being at- 
tempted the greater part of the troofa 
aad the aeaaien catered the toara, whaa 
they were asowed down by 
shot.* which ptaycd ap 
erery directioa, at weB aa 
froa the wiadewt of the hoasca. 

Geaeral Snnci had hia hone ahot 
noder him, w bile he liiiamlf waa bailly 
wooaded, of whidi wovnd he shortly 
afterwards died. Coload (kima, who 
led the light iofatilry, with several 
other ofioers, were kilUd, aod many 




iwn,wh«aj 

UIMklll^ 



* One of the French frigates in the 
haihoar did great ezeenlioa ; br a ttagle 
d ht ha ia t of grape shot Mrre oSeera and 

tUr1y>su prhratea of light islaotry 

killed. Th«]r had beta anfortai 
ilravo Dp ia a street aCmtaally 
BMndad by her gens. 
2 K 



B«50 

^^ more desperately wounded, while Cap- 
tain Robinson, who commanded the 
Bcamen, was blown up.* 

When the remains of the unfortu- 
nate detachment got back to Mascot, t 
G«neral Grey found it in vain to at- 
tempt any thing against Fleur d'Epee, 
he being obliged to detach the 2Dd 
battalion of grenadiers to cover the 
retreat, and liis troops being all so 
much reduced and exhausted ; yet 
from the effect of the batteries he Sad 
erected to cover the attack on fort 
Fleur d'Epie, which opened on that 
fort in the evening, there could have 
been no doubt of success had not the 
above-related misfortune taken place. 

The loss in killed, wounded, and 
missing, amounted to 38 officers. 43 
Serjeants, and 61 1 piivatcs. 

It being totally impossible to attempt 
anything further at this season, on the 
same night the General re-embarked 
his cannon and mortars, and in two 
days got off the whole of his troops 
without loss, and, after Btrengthening 
his posts at Basse Terre, he embarked 
for Martinique, till the hurricane 



ExpcdUion to Gvadaloupe xn 1794. 



[Sept. 



^ 

^ 



• Captain Burnet of the 43rd, who had 
led his company of grenadiers into the 
tows, was hlown up at the time Captain 
Robertson was killed. His clothes being 
on fire were pulled o(T by his brother 
officers : his face and liandH being ren- 
dered entirely black by the explosion. In 
this situation lie first received a musket 
ball which broke his arm, and was then 
net by his own grenadiers, irlin, taking 
him for one nflhe French blacks, attacked 
him with charged bayonets, and wounded 
him in three places before he could make 
himself known to them. The instant, 
however, they discovered their mistake, 
they expressed the utmost horror and con- 
trition , and brought ofTthis excellent officer 
in their arms, who, Dotwith^tandiug the 
dreadful sitYiation he was in, eventually 
survived. Lieut. Conway of the tioth was 
also blown np, and alterwords continued 
to lead on his men, and encourage them, 
till he fell mortally woimded by a musket 
ball thoogb his body. 

t Geoeral Grey was waiting on the 
heights for Brigadier •Gtmend Symea's 
«lgn«' "f '•'■- '-■<■"" ^...-.--.■.i.-.i i- ).!...... 

thcl 
Snd 
rcgii; 
and : 
tnanili. rl ! 
tack fort i 



months should be over, leaving Bri- 
gadier-General Colin Graham in com- 
mand.} 

The Commanders-in-Chief of the 
French land and sea forces having died 
from fever, the cruel and notortoua 
Victor Hugues^ now took the com- 

1,1 1 

t Among the many causes of uncosineil I 
thst at this period depressed the Com<l 
mander-in-Cbief, (by the failure of thelV j 
well-concerted plans, the dreadful mor^l 
taUty among the troops, and Uic despair oil 
reinforcements arriving from England,)i f 
the misconduct of one high in estimation | 
as an officer, and hitherto looked upon aa 
u man of strict integrity, was not the 
least galling. 

At the taking of St. Lucin < ' ' Ir 

Charles Gordon, who had rej'^ 
tinguished hiniielf by his gollaiu l<'u 
was appointed governor of that island, an 
in the lost promob'on was raited to th 
rank of Brigadier-General. Soon afte 
this some very unpleasant report.s pre^ 
vailed of extortions and peculations t 
him ; taking bribes of the inhabitaob 
who were supposed to be disaffected io 
order to suffer them to remain in ths 
island, and then breaking his word witl 
them. At length a regular complaint w« 
laid before the Commander-in-Chief, whoj 
instantly ordered a. court martial to 
summoned, and sent an officer to SM 
Lucia, to arrest Sir Charles Gordon, anil'' 
convey him tn .Martinique for trial. At 
this time the fever raged 60 violently that 
the two first courts martial that met ofl 
this business were dissolved by the di 
of a majority of the members. At lengtb^i 
to prevent a similar occurrence, the Gens 
I ' ' 1 a greater number of officcti 

nl the trial proceeded. Tb 

11....: :lie prisoner vras fo'i"! in,i\t, 

and sentenced " to refund tlr 
bad extorted, and adjudged v. if ' 

scn'ing bis Majesty again," but was 
ti1lnir<><) to sell his comraissioo. 

been »«id and writlca I 
I a thut it may not b«a 

,, r. n.i,r to be informetl ' 

!..< previona to hia 



\'icti>r iiuj^uei* Wiis < 
inn-keeper at R.isse Tr 
from H! ■ ' 
demon I 

t.u.ll.. 



.pc. 



the Wt 



to iit- (iiiiii-n ^iti Liic cuuuiuoidcrs of the an 
sod Btvy. Uit atrUMkl ««(« 



1843.] 



Bipe&ion U Cutdalctipt m 1794. 



SBAixi, and. in coatequence of hi« Utc 
•accw*. bis raoks were joined by 
thouMuids of blacks aod nuUttoet. 
who flocked to hi* sUadard, while, oo 

, the part of the British, disease auddeath 
Dad* dreadful havoc in tbeir ranks. 
t>« remains of the 3nd battalion of 
grenadiers, consisting of onl^- 70 rank 
and file, were ordered to Guadaloupe 
to relieve the flank companies of the 
15th and 64th. Several companies 

,c> produce a single man tit for 

\c the 43rd could not afford 

corporal and three men at night for 

k« protection of their own camp. The 

^greater part of the town of Petit Bourg 
vas converted into hospitals for the 
sick, and such was the »Late of even 
the officers, that field officers were 
oliligetl to moant captain's guard, 
while the 70 grenadiers that last ai- 
rivcd were, in three weeks, reduced to 
SO men. 

In this deplorable state of our troops 
the eiirmy from Point k Piti« and Fort 
Loui3 embarked a large body of troops, 
and, under cover of the dark night, 
pasMd our ships of war un perceived, 
and landed on Basse Tcrre. After 
taking possession of the two posts in 
the vicinity of which they landed, viz. 
Bay Mahault and Gabarre, they made 
their appearance in sight of the Eng- 
lish camp. 

The enemy on taking nossrssion of 
Petit Bourg exercised the most un- 
hearJiif cruelties on the unfortunate 
>■' lospitals, putting all whom 

ti ltd to the sword. From 

thfc hospitals to the wharf was a con- 
tinued scene of misery and horror, 
iog atrewed with the bodies of the 
who were barbarously put to 
death as they were crawling to the 
shore in hopes of escaping in the boat«. 
llie enemy next took Point Bac- 
chus, where Colonel Drummond of 
the 4^d, and his party of royalifls, 
were taken prisoners.* 

i, his courage and perseverance un- 
_^ nbted, bat, from tbt /eroeitj/ q/ Ait 
^thanettr, ho was both ft-areJ and hated. 
* ColoDel Drummoad related Uiat the 
Bcpohliesiu not only put to death all the 
•icfc, Int also many of the nomea and 
chndmi. ([ttiifii- 'iff 1u nds, and otherwise 
>t sod that as tJic 

i< a turn fainted oa 

l! .';y -niti instantly bayoncttti. 

I lumielf irai, by particular 



Oa the 2{|Ui of Sepitciaber, ia tha^ 
momtng, the eneny began to 
our advanced work ; in Ilia 
Berville our field-piccca aad 
opened a heavy fire npon them, 
an engagement ensued, which contU 
nued with equal fury foe three hoars, 
when, after having been charged a 
third time by oar troops, they re> 
treated, leaving oo the 6eld 700 mm* 
io killed and wounded, while oar loM 
amounted to about 20. 

The enemy now, by two akilfal 
manoeuvres, which oar amali fore* 
was totally inadequate to oppose, rat 
o6P all communication between the 
shipping and the camp, by means of a 
large flotilla of gun-boats. 

On the morning of the 30th the 
enemy renewed their attacks on the 
camp of Berville, and again on the 4th, 
bringing tbeir hordes to the charge in 
perpetual succession ; their suceeaat 
however, was the same as on the lint' 
attack, having lost during the thrta 
attacks, on a moderate compotatioii, 
2,0iX) men. 

In the second attack General Gra- 
ham was wounded by a musket ball in 
the leg, and several of his officers felLt 

directions of the monster Victor Hugvei, 
ordered to clean the prison-ship in turn 
nith the others ; bat from this degrading 
otCt<x he irss reUered by the datifol at- 
tadiment of his men, who would not per- 
mit it ; bis food and lodging- were the some 
a> the rest, no attention being paid to bis 
rank : but from the respect and good 
behaviour of hi.t men not one of them 
would desert from him. A great number 
of people of all ages, sex, and conditions, 
were condemned to the guillotine by this 
inexorable tyrant, all of whom were con- 
ducted in boats round the pritoH-thip, in 
order to distress and intimidate the British 
prisoners. 

t In one of these attacks Mons. Ver- 
mont was shot through the body, hit 
Lieutenant, Moos, de Lisle, was shot 
through the breast, and naotber of hia 
officers killed ; but in this situation be 
beat off the enemy. Tiiis gallaat bat 
unfortunate officer was. at the beginninc 
of the Revolution, possessed of a good 
estate near Trois Rivieres, at Basse Terre, 
which soon made bim on object of Repub- 
lican vengeance ; his house was attacked, 
but be escaped iuto the woods, supposing 
that his amiable wife would be safe from 
tbeir fury, being far advanced in pn^- 
nancy ; bat the monster*, aot regarding her 



Expedition to Guadaloujie in 17!)4. 



[Sei>t. 



After the thinl action the enemy 
sent in a flag of truce, offering terms 
i)f capitulation, wliich Ucnrral Graham 
in > spirited manner refused. The 
officers, however, waited on the general, 
and stated that the troops, reduced by 
sickness and fatigue, were no longer 
able to undergo the duty which now 
pressed so heavily on thera, and were 
so harassed as to be totally incapable 
of resisting another attack, and which 
the enemy promised to make on thera 
the following morning. General Gra- 
ham, therefore, reconsidering the mat- 
ter, consented to send a flag to the 
enemy, and after some time the terms 
of capitulation were agreed to; but, 
alas ! the unfortunate Royalists were 
not included, though the General en- 
deavoured all in his power to make 
terms for them ; he succeeded, how- 
ever, thus far, to have permission to 
send a covered boat to the Doyne, in 
which he embarked 25 Royalist officers ; 
but their unfortunate brethren to the 
number of 300, who had defended their 
posts to the last with the most un- 
daunted and determined resolution, 
were doomed to suffer death by the 
liands of their Republican brethren in 
cold blood, and in a manner hitherto, 
I believe, unheard of, at least unre- 
corded, in the annaUof thcmost savage 
and abandoned people.* Humanity 

lituation, put her to death, with circum- 
stances of barbarity too dreadful to relate, 
and such ns would (ill every Briton's 
heart with borror 1 His aged mother olso, 
and beautiful sister, shared the same fate. 
He was taken and thrown into prison in 
Fort Matilda, to reserve him for a public 
ctacle on the guillotine, when the 
itisb arrived and released him fi'oni 
cnce by the capture of the island. 
• ThcirconductprcvioHii to and since the 
cmy Attacked the camp deserved a better 
c. Finding themaclves cicludcd from 
terms of the capitulation, they asked 
Tinission lo cut their way through the 
'« army, by which a few of them at 
WH'apc, and the rr • ■ -' - 

ath i hut IhiK v 
led J |ii-rhnp» it " 
t on their capture the enemy might 
it,»nd not put their KoHciiinnnr t1ir.nii 
nto execution. Ten ol < 
men hastened to tlic >> 



I Fo r 




must shudder at tlic idea : the Repub- 
licans erected a guillotine, with which 
they .struck off the heads of 50 of tlicm ! 
Thinking, however, this mode of pro- 
ceeding too tedious, they invented a 
more summary plan ; they tied the 
remainder of these unhappy men fast 
together, and placed them nn the brink 
of the trenches which Ihey had so 
gallantly defended; they then drew up 
some of their undisciplined recruits in 
front, who, firing an irregular volley 
at their miserable victims, killed some, 
wounded others, and some, in all pro- 
bability, were untouched ; the weight, 
liowcver, of the former, dragged the 
rest into the ditch, where the living, 
the wounded, and the dead, shared 
the same grave, the soil being instantly 
thrown upon them. 

The English troops were to be al- 
lowed to march out with the honours 
of war. and to be embarked on board 
the French ships, which xrrrr to anil 
fur Etiijlimd within 21 ilnyx after thf 
siirreiiJcr, on condition that they were 
not to serve against the French during 
the war. t The following is n copy of 
the capitulation : 

ARTICLES or CArlTVLATIOX. 
Cainji of Bervitle, 

Art. 1 . — That in consideration of the 
galUnt defence the garrison has made, 
they shall be allowed the honours of war. 

Answer. — granted. 

Art. 2.— That the inhabitants of the 
islanil, now co-operating with the army, 
whether white or free people of colour, 
being Dritish subjects, liaving taken the 
oalh of allegiance to his Britannic Majesty, 
shall be considered and treated ns such. 

Answer. — Not admiuible i but acovered 
boat shall be allowed to the general, which i 
shall 1)6 held sacred. 

Art .1.— That the troops, and such of I 
the inhabitants, as do not wish to become 
subject* of the French Re|iublic, shall be 
sent lo Grrnt Brituiii, a« soon «• tmn- 
sporln cJin hi' ) ,■ -.^i', 

Annwrr. — *ll i to 

'■■""I ! «a »u<, ;..,...,,.,, .vjily ; J 

' Me inhabitanli tt Is answered id 



this melnncholr affair Gimeral Ufcy pob>L 
' ilid c<ju«l UoBwur to^ 



ilm oo tbe b««cii. On bcariii| at wbldi time many of Uwm died. 



1843.] 



Expetliiiou to Guadaloiipe in 1794. 



253 



Art. 4. — TliM. iJie l)agfr«ge of tlic 
oflicern «oJ the jnll8bilallt^ in camp 
•liiill lie allovreii (o Uirin. 

AnKwer. — 'Hit tron/" slinll bo iiUowed 
Iheir bii«g««c. 

Art. .'>.— Tliat the «ick and woundeil, 
who mnnot be font on biKird transporia, 
•h«ll be allowcJ British surgeons to at- 
tend Utem. 

Answrr. — Agrocd to. 

Art. •>. — Th.-it the ordnance and stores 
of every ilcnominnlion sliall be kivoii up 
in that present state. 

Answer. — Agreed to. 

Art. 1. — If any difficuUics in settling 
the ilraro shall bappcti hcrearter, they 
he ■micably adjusted by the re- 
live commanders. 
Bswer, — Admitted. 
(Signed) Colin Graham, Dr. General. 
(Signed) Victor HcGtJK.s. 
Itmillt, Oel.HIH. \7<M. 

A great (|uantity of arms and am- 
munilion fell into the hands of the 
enemy at this camp, ami at Petit 
Bourg. 

Iraoiediately after the surrender of 
Berville Victor Hugues moved to the 
town of Dasso Terrc, now nur last 
stake in the island, luyini/ teaulf the 
planlaliom, nnd humiu;/ the btaiiti/ul 
troll qf thf K'lyalutt as he passed 
along. 

Sir John Jervis, who had made every 
possible attempt to succour General 
Graham's camp at Berville, and had 
be«n an unwilling spectator from the 
fleet of the surrender of tliat camp to 
the enemy, now made sail for Ua»!.c 
Terre, to render every assistance in his 
power to General Prescott, and on the 
9lh of October anchored within half 
a cable's lengtJi of the town," 

General Prescott instantly came on 

* General Prescott bad so small a force 
la that qasrter that he could not possibly 
afford any materlnl assialunce to General 
Graham ; though he had made an effort 
by Rending a (ielachnicnl of the 3.jlh to 
»U|'|""' -."i,. U.iviilisto at St. Marie, 
«l: ^'tual. General Grey 

wii- •! any assistance from 

thcMi.'c ; Ui howuM r onlered the Hank 
companies of the fourth Imltnlion uf the 
COth from St. Vincent's, and part of the 
3l>t from St. •■hrift.iphrr>, lu tcioforce 
(iri>' ' '> i"i'li/im. They hnivcver forlu- 
I'.n' too late, as their uumbrrs 

w< 1 <ie to save It, and Uiey afl«r* 

ward* uuuU part of the garrisun uf Fort 
Malitd*. 



board to consult with the Admiral on 
the best mode of procpd^ire in this 
critical state of affairs ; ond it was 
detrriiiincd that the whole force which 
the General could collect should go 
into the fort, and the Admiral, in the 
Boync, would render every assistance 
in his power to the garrison ; a pro- 
roiac he performed in a manner which 
drew the warmest thanks of General 
Prescott and his officer;. 

At this period the French Royalists 
hail entirely abandoned os, and the 
militia, who had demanded arms, 
positively refused to enter the fort, 
and soon after dmeried to the enemy .• 
a party in the town seemed also ready 
to rise upon our people, but by the 
vigilance and activity of General 
Prescott they were overawed, and he 
continued to ride into the town un- 
attended as usual. The fort was in a 
miserable state, nothing having been 
done to it since the peace of 1783; 
and Clairfontaine,t a Royalist, who had 
been appointed Administrator-General, 
wanting either influence or ability to 
procure negroes for the purpose, the 
fort was in no way better than when 
it fell into our hands, except being 
cleaner, ond supplied with provisions. 

On the 12th of October, Victor 
Hugues sent a flag of truce, accom- 
panied by Captain Eison, of the 35th 
Regiment, for a supply of money and 
baggage for our captured countrymen, 
with which he returned in two days, 
to Point H Pitre.J 

The enemy now increased their 
forces daily, pressing into their service 
all the negroes who were on the 
different estates ; and if from timidity 
or any other cause they demurred, 
they tprrc intlanlly shot. 

The fort was now closely invested, 
while the enemy had cut off the 
aqueduct which supplied the tank with 

f This gentleman, after having cDJoyed 
a lucrative employment, was unwilling to 
lose the fruits of it, and, instead of render* 
ing any asiistance to General Prescott, he 
took French leave, not forgetting to carry 
with him a chest well lined, in ordrr to 
lender his residence at Antigua comtort- 
able. 

X Tlic Rcpublicau officer who came with 
him informed the Urili«h that he xaw the 
uecution of the unfortunate KuyaliiC*, 
and that 27 heads were strnck ulf in 
*4 minutet. 



EfpeditioH to Guadaloupe in 1794- 



254 



water; all the baildiogs in the fort 
being also destroyed by the /ire of the 
enemy, the garrison was obliged to 
take shelter in the bomb-proof case- 
mate, a close and most onwholesome 
confinemeut, particularly in a tropical 
climate. 

On the 6th of November Victor 
Hugues sent an insolent suronions to 
General Prescott to surrender the fort 
in two hours, which if not complied 
with no further terms would be otTered, 
and " the whole of the garrison would 
be put to the sword." To this the 
General made a short answer, " That 
he would defend it as a soldier to the 
last extremity," and the instant the 
time had expired which the General 
had allowed the French otBccr to re- 
turn to Victor Hugues, he opened a 
heavy lire from all his batteries against 
the Republicans, and continued it 
throughout the day. 

At nine a.m. on the 14th instant, 
reinforcements arrived from England 
in three line of battle ships, with Vice- 
Admiral Caldwell's flag on board the 
Majestic, Captain Wcstcott. The 
garrison was informed that Sir John 
Vaughanhad also at rived at St. Pierre, 
Martinique, and that Sir Charles Grey 
had given up the command to him, 
while Sir J . Jerv'is, worn down by long 
and severe exertions, resigned the 
command of the naval forces to Admiral 
Caldwell, and, embarking his seamen 
from Fort Matilda, sailed for St. Pierre, 
whence, in company with Sir C. Grey 
and suite, he sailed for England on 
the 27th instant. 

On the 5th of December, General 
Prescott despatched his aide-de-camp 
Captain Thomas to the Commander- 
in-Chief, with the account of the fort 
being almost in ruins ; this officer re- 
turned thither on the 7th, and found 
that the bastion towards the tiver 
Gallion was totally silenced, and so 
completely commanded by the mus- 
ketry of the enemy that not a man 
could approach it ; the adjoining 
curtain was much in the same state ; 
the bastion towards the town was 
giving way, and r.\pcc!cd to ttimhic 
into the ditch 
Prescott no loi. 

but to secure hit* siuali (iamtui), uuw 
liighly necessary for the dtfcncc uf the 
other islands, the unparalleled mor- 
tality having IcA thein almvat without 



(Sept. 



troops. The pestilential fever had 
been in proportion more fatal to the 
officers than the men ; in the garrison, 
for instance, there was no olficer of 
intermediate rank between the General 
andhisaide-decamp.CaptainThomas, 
who was second in command. 

On the 9th of December this officer 
was despatched to Admiral Thompson, 
and, after the plan of embarkation was 
settled, he returned to the fort, and 
the evacuation commenced at oinQ 
o'clock on the 10th instant, and was 
conducted with so much skill that not 
u man ttaa Inst : while, so admirably 
did the Geueral conceal his intentions, 
that the enemy cannonaded and bom- 
barded the fort as usual, until two 
o'clock on the following morning, 
although the embarkation had been 
completed Ay pfct-wi o'clock the night 
prrrioiu. The whole force that marched 
out of Fort Matilda was between four 
and five hundred men. 

Thus concluded a siege of tighj 
uvfka and two days, during the whole 
of which General Prescott evinced the 
most perfect coolness and true soldierly 
resolution, neither appalled by the 
tremendous and well-directed fire 
constantly both night and day kept 
up against the fort, nor by the insolent 
and threatening summonses of Victor 
Hugues. 

During the siege the loss of the 
British amounted only to 17 killed 
and 79 wounded. 

Victor Hugues, on taking possession 
of the fort, ordered the monument thai 
had been rrrcted orrr the remains of 
General Dmidot to he dw/royrf, niirf 
Ai> remaim to he Ihrovm into the river 
Galllon ; a conduct as mean and brutal 
as it was uodoserved. 

The following is Victor Hugues' 
proclamation on taking |K>Meskion of 
the island. 

■' uaKRTT, LAW, BOtlALITT." 

Guadatoupt. 

Victor Hugnea, delegated Commiiiloner 
of the National Coovention to the Wiiid* 
traril IkUndt. 

\Vln>ri'ii» lh« f.rJBips cointnitled by tb» 

"■■• ' ■"■ --M in the captur* ■* 

conquered Uasdlt 

f so oonMBnato 

1 iillaoy ai not to b* paralleled 



war, . 



f 




1843.] 



Efpeditlon to Guaialovpe in 17D4. 



by Cbsrica Orfy, General : JiTm Jmis, 
Adminli TliomasDandofi, ^' nl 

nd OoTcmor of Gaadal uc* 

Gordon, i pmeral officer, xad u'Jiei tubAl- 
tern oflicen who imitated them ; 

Aod wbereu, the robberiei, morden, 
aiMMiaatiOBf, and other crimes committrd 
by tlieiii. iMi^ht to be truumitted to 
isoWed, That the body of 
-, interred in Guadaloupe, 
• e ?trle), " shall be taketi 
n prey to the birds of the 
^nmc Epot there ahn.!! 
u»c of the Rejiublie 

■ on nric ciiL- this 



, 3rd 

an .1- 

i& ;' Tji.i 

be erecteii 
a uioDunK. 
drcrte, and 
ioacrtplion 



:I1J5 

I .to 

liberty by the br>itei/ul thu Iii)jubliciia8, 
waa polluted by the body of Thomaa 
Dundai, Major-General aod Goremor of 
Gaadaloape. for the * * ' George the 
Third. la recollecting bis crimes the 
public indignation caused him to be taken 
up, mi has ordrrrd this monument to be 
erect . down to posterity. " 

•of Liberty, (Wth 

irc;, ^•^< . iitii. 1794, in the third 
of the French Repablic, one and in- 
Ible. 

(Signed), Victor HuGijsi, 
Vist, Secretary. 

Krora what we have hitherto seen 
of the character of the man, from his 
diaappoiotmcot at the escape of his 
victims, all of whom he had threatened 
" to pat to the sword," and from the 
difCOTcry that for *t> hoars he had 
vented his fierce and sanguinary rage 
on " an empt)' fortress," we can well 
imagine this revolting and vindictive 
philippic from his pen, and his sub- 
seqacnt brutality to the rcmoios of the 
heroic Dundas. 

When in the month of July he had 
partially captured the island, in his 
prorlamatioo he made use of the 
followmg elegant epithets in compli- 
ment to his gallant opponents : — " The 
savage Jervis." " the hypocrite Grey." 
with their " hoide of Aristocrat's." 
Again, when he heard of the anticipated 
arrivalof reinforcements from England, 
h« tays with his usual rhodomonlade : 

^ Let them come ! let the General lead 
his troops ! we will iniito them 
— nny I we vrill lay planks to their 
»«»•' y not wet their feet 

III ■• •hen wc have them 



ite 
ih 
r« 
J.) 



255 

Again, his complimentary effusion 
to the British inhabitants in general : 

" TheinhabttaBtioftlwBTitiih eokmiet 
are a herd of 1nitor(i to be regarded M 
loratM if oaptved on board of privateen," 
decUrioc the oolooiei in a state of siege, 
and oiaertiof them to be " garrisoned by 
emigrants, a set of men, who, being with> 
out country, flag, or gOTcmment, cannot 
be entitled to the same terms as a polished 
nation." flbid. vol. III. p. 351.) 

Roman history somewhere mentiooa 
the circumstance of an individual, for 
" one solitary act of kindness in the 
tyrant," having pUced a wreath of 
flowers on the tomb of the Emperor 
Nero ; if the circumstance may bear 
comparison, I>r. Pinckaird relates, that 
a gentleman, in consequence of ill 
health, applied to the secretary of 
Victor Hugues for his release from 
imprisonment, offering a bribe of 
1 1200 sterling; the secretary refused 
the money, but in a few days obtained 
the required boon, and he sailed home 
to Barbadoes. [vol. i. p. 413.] 

A conspicuous character in the 
former part of this narrative is Captain 
Faulknor, commanding the Blanche 
Frigate, of 32 guns. On the 5th of 
January he fell in with the Republicaa 
frigate La Pique, of 38 guns, off the 
harbour of Point i. Pitre ; the action 
was maintained with the greatest fury 
and obstinacy for five hours, daring 
which the gallant Captain Falknorfell, 
by a musket ball, as he was a second 
time lashing the bowsprit of La Pique 
to the capstern of his own ship. The 
loss of this brave man was deplored 
by every friend of the service j his 
courage and determined bravery had 
been ol^en tried, and always with 
success. On his death the command 
devolved on Lieut. Watkins, who 
continued the action in a manner that 
did him immortal honour. The French 
ship having lost her main and raizen 
masts, the Blanche took her in tow, 
still continuing the engagement, when 
the stem ports not being large enough, 
they blew the upper transom beam 
away, and fired into her bows for three 
hours. The marines, under Lieut. 
Richardson, kept up so well directed 
a tire, that not a man could appear on 
her forecastle until nhe struck ; C" of 
her crew were dead on the decks, 
many had been thrown overboard, 
no wounded wcir landed aJ. \.\a» 



256 



D'JHbign^'s History o/the JRe/brmation. 



[Sept. 



I 



" SainU,"an(] 1^4 were taken to Marti- 
nique. 

The "Blanche" had 10 killed, in- 
cluding her heroic captain, and 24 
wounded. Captain Faulknor's ex- 
ertions in forwarding the service oo 
every occasion during the campaign 
wero unremitting, while the English 
cause in the West Indies, at this 
critical moment, could hardly have 
received a deeper wound than it did 
by the death of this truly brave and 
zealous officer, whose name with that 
of the subject of this memoir stands 
recorded in the annals of their country, 
and whose eventful careers may be 
proudly emulated by the aspirants to 
fame, both in the naval and military 
services of Great Britain. 



Mr. Urban, Cork. 

{Continued from ft. 149.) 

BUT, to resume. In the genuine 
sphere of the reformed Church, names 
of the highest order, her legitimate 
produce and undisputed possession, I 
am fully aware, and most ready to 
grant, will be found, in redundancy of 
number and every faculty, with the re- 
serve, indeed, uf the fine arts. In which 
Protestant talents have not shone with 
equal lustre. Rich, therefore, in her 
native treasures, can it be necessary, 
or is it seemly, thus to invade alien 
rights, or encroach on foreign ground, 
and institute claims for what not the 
remotest title of appropriation exists? 
No divergence of faith could be greater 
than the chasm which essentially se- 
parated Port-Royal and Calvinism; 
and in the dawn of reform, if Eras- 
mus, Vatablc, or Lefcvre d'Kstaplcs, 
acknowledged the expediency of va- 
rious amendments in discipline, they 
never renounced their original crctd, 
and were no more Protectants than 
Grotins, I^cibnitz, or Laud were 
Catholics, though M. D'Aubign<^, in 
his omnivorous pretensions, would 
range them on his side. To a minister 
of the Church resorting to such falla- 
cies, from the consciousness, it would 
be inferred, of a defective cause, tlie 
Roman satirist's admonition may not 
be inappropiiatr. 

" Qurm le Dcus esue 

Jassit,<lhumRO«quft]>irU' luiuilus et (o re, 
Oiict." i'eriritu, iii. "-'. 

1 am not ignorant, at the same lime, 
4 



nor desirous to disguise, that the 
Catholics have occasionally challenged 
as proselytes, in like manner, persons 
of eminence without corresponding 
proof. I may instance two distin- 
guished prelates. Dr. Hallifax of Glou- 
cester, the successor of Warburton, and 
t)r. Butler of Durham, with Dr. Ren- 
nell, Dean of Winchester, for whose 
asserted change Dr. Parr had no dif- 
ficulty in showing that no valid foun- 
dation existed. See Dr. Parr's Letter 
to Dr. Milner (the historian of Win- 
chester), p. 30 — 33. 

Sectarian zeal too often overrules 
truth on all sides ; but its effusions of 
abuse, such as appear so greatly to 
edify the audience of our roaming di- 
vines at Exeter Hall, or as is displayed 
in the histories of the Rev. Mr. Lath- 
bury, to whom an intelligent critic in 
this Magazine for Marcii and July 
1840, administered a little cha!>tening 
advice, must excite disgust rather than 
conviction, and recoiling, in the end, 
with fearful resilience on the object of 
its advocacy, which it despoils of all 
confidence, becomes its most dangerous 
enemy, like the elephant in battle, a 
" genus," or " bellua anceps," when 
driven back in discomfiture on its own 
ranks, as described by Livy. (Lib. 
xxvii. 14.) To the unmcasuicd con- 
tumely evermore heaped, in speech and 
print, on the Roman Catholic commu- 
nion, may I am pretty sure be partly 
attributed the obvious increase of its 
members, now the source of such loud 
complaint — a consequence seemingly 
corroborative of the suspicion ex- 
pressed by the Times newspaper, that 
these furibund orators or writers arc 
" Jesuits in disguise." Indeed, mnny 
a flaming article, to my knowledge, 
was thus imposed on the Morning 
Post, during the no- popery agitntion. 
with a view to the " teductio ail ab- 
surdum," and defeat ol the osteiisibk 
purpose, by its extravagance of ile 
mand. When the -Jesuit Garassc i 
sailed with gross and indiscriminate' 
virulence some of the most esteemed 
and eminent eh This day, in 

that mass of n' Nation, " La 

Diictiiiie (' ' 

dc ce Teni 



vcrtir/' obetrrcd ^ ralioDal critic •( 



1843.] Tht Re/onmera oMd tht Mmt. 



tlic time. la (ttt, ticwm of m 
p*thf or partiaUty aeUiwi btl ts 
et«d«r • ootratpeodiag c 
or to tatoret itk^iekj imf 
mat, of wholly atlMcd i 

" . . . 'Ot c'efojna fur ^tX^n> 

Tbe toBC of decencT. «■ tke olker 
huul. Mul addrew of sadcntioa ob. 
terred by wmm of tJbe QtiiMd thcolo- 
$iuii tamrdatkeCatkobea, have I pcr- 
eme cxpo«cd theae leaned |w^ftMui> 
to an equal iale»|ieraaee of mtprniim. 
and • aimilar iiinaaihiiiriiiliif doctiiaal 
oormptioo. 

Tbe reader of dtcae *aiaawa eaMMt 
fail u> note that the cariy nt aam um , 
Luther. Z«uagUtta, Mid atkefa. caati> 
osed for toae years after lliey had 
renonoced the teacta at AaihnllfMw. 
to celebrate iu aoat d ktianiw rile — 
" tha mat* " — agiariog m mmm t u mej, 
or rathw. on their ova » i n »»«»-t»«i.^^ 
a Mcrilegr, followed aabseqaeoUf, ia 
etaiBpie. \ty Fra Faofe. with Im cat- 
lea^e Fulgrazio, who, thoagh aot 
dcdaicd diaNdcata. caa ha^ he 
deemed Cathalict. (Geat. Maf. far 
Augost 1838. p. t3S.) aad the talc 
Biaaco While, a rerr aaiteadf praia 
Iftf . of abort triaarli to the Aa^beaa 
chorch, with laaoy aotc. Notwith- 
•tandiag, howercr, oar aathor'a dcf- 
•idoa, at Tolaae the third, r^ea 59 
and CO. of the laaM. aa "a tcpraach 
opon tbe Saa of Ged. aad the p«at 
balwaik of Boiaiah liowiafaa/^ 
eoodoct of the t efa iawta ia al 
467 a( the Mcond nrfacM iadalgeatlf 
viewed aa *■ aa act of pradeaoe." No 
cloitlcred bagiocrapkcr, or Icgeadarjr 
collector nf tbe livca of taiat*. " Oe 
Voragine." " AJbiixi." or " Ribade- 
' coald in Iralb sore aatioakif 
I iapeachaeat of Maac Croat 
ot^eota of tbeir veacralioa, Ihaa 
oar bidoriaa eaaajrs to avert every 
ceasare fr«<n tbr hcroea of leform, 
wboa be »in<laj|y cncirtlce with a 
bato of Mnctity. aad vroald, appa. 
rcntly. iave«t with that iacafiaeily of 
ain, tbr result of once iaplaatcd 
trace, which, on tbe aaaaraace of 
those otiiiiitm wbo atteodad llie 
death' bvil of Cromwell, laid aueh 
" flattrrinit tioctioa " to his patti^ 
I spirit, wbva tbev pronoanrfd hita 
I goiltieiB nf tba Mood sbcd, •» draad 
Okmt. Mao. Vol. XX. 




—nAmKfmL 2S7 



_ UaevaatM 
The layal ■aiiii. the 
Ora^eda. with other 





>lolhcar 
• all 
grace! -El 

Qftat." {THadisa, la £atfaf. 
V. 137-) 

Wiifcaeici 
every atleapt to 

boa. (voL s. pr. x y t »», 

while tkc iajaartioa oa tic 

" to pccach the w«rd af Gad." (' 

ti. PL 453 j or, ia 





iafanrf ta 



which, however, are af i 
>ad a«f he 
Icaa towafda the nda which, aa ha 
aays. dcdarca it " ta be the Atfjr af 
thcCk' ■ _■ ■ ■ " 

irligina, la piiilail ihci 
vital iatercata of the 
8adl. we kaow, waa tka 

of hie peedeccaaora, Cai>ia 

Besa. aar caa w« aiatake to 

practical 

' to wjthhaU the aHacaace at 





of ita dis«ani with ilw 
priaciptc of every coas> 
^ r o ^ a rq a rrrt . (ear or 
aha»eof eoaacialiag this diacredilahk 
diaMst. The spirit of the worh ia, 
tad eed . every where tr a aiya f Hit ; hat 
it has foaad. in illiberal ayiapathiea, 
or sordid projecla of apccolatjoa, that 
xeal for ila diffaaioa. whkh, with ooa. 
oaaaat frcliagi aad viears, has beca so 
acttrety ctcrtad ia tttvnmf aad dia> 
semiaaiitig thrao^ a divcnity of 
fofwa. Fat's Book of Martyrs ( forget* 
fal, that aa aata^oaist iwpaisc mm.^ bo 
netted, aad pr^aked, in rctaliatjoo, 
lit rrnuMi«b. witb rijasl elTorta for 
raai Crode- 
• Tetnporis," 
(Aatwcip. m4.> by iiicbard Verste- 
gaa, the coaotrynan and coolctapo* 
rary of onr veracious aaartyiologitt. 
Hot a*, tbtnk Hravrn, we bavc no 
1 L 



M. D'Aubigne. — Tfie Bible and the Reformation. [Sept. 



■1°' 

■ in 



longer to apprehend the recurrence of 
these matual enormities, neither the 
Smilhfield fires nor the fabricated 
Popish plot, nor the insurrection of 
1780, the repression, not propagation, 
of such incendiary engines of evil 
should be the desire and anxious en- 
deavour of every genuine Christian. 

I feel bound to state that, attracted 
by the subject, by the praise, though 
partial, of this Magazine, and by the 
nope of something beyond our home 
manufacture, I had only waited for the 
completion of M. D'Aubign^'s third 
volume to have proposed to the ex- 
tensive Literary Association, the Cork 
Library Society, over which I have 
the honour to preside, the acquisition 
of his work. Its title was to me a 
sufficient recommendation, and its 
Genevan source, even from a professor 
of theology, some pledge of impar- 
tiality, so abhorrent now is the cha- 
racter, if not the doctrine, of that 
city represented to us, and for a 
century, according to D'Alembcrt's 
article of " Geneve," in the Encyclo- 
<fdie, has been, from its former in- 
lerance. Great, therefore, was my 
Isappointment on discovering that, 
in violation of one of the society's fixed 
rules, we had added to our collection 
a prolix controversial treatise, under 
the mask of a most important history. 
To the misstatements of facts, or in- 
consistencies of views, here submitted, 
others could be easily adjoined in a 
formal review ; but 1 shall confine 
myself to the indication of only one, 
u my desultory notices must already 
appear to have claimed too large a 
portion of these columns. At page 
877, volume the third, we are assured 
that nine nuns, " who had devoted 
themselves to the reading of God's 
word," in 1523, embraced the re- 
formed worship, and escaped from 
their convent. But how, at that 
period, these ladies discovered the 
light which thus beamed on them, is 
not of facile solution ; for the almost 
tal non-existence of the Bible in the 
opular idiom, before Luther's version, 
if which the impression, just then 
mmenccd, was not completed till 
534, elcvfn years subsequently, is 
iflirmcd by our author, (vol. lit. p. 
7.) If read at all, a very rare oc. 
rrence, acrording to liim, it could 
If be in Latin, which, we may well 



believe, no repository of ignorance, 
such as these monastic institutions 
are here described, could possibly pro- 
duce nine inmates capable of doing. 
The statement involves its own refu- 
tation ; and the conversion of the fu- 
gitives must, as it easily may, be 
otherwise accounted for. This I offer 
as an additional, but a final and deci- 
sive, sample of our controverlisl's rea- 
soning habits, or delusive assertions. 

And here I may take occasion to 
repeat what 1 have observed else- 
where, that, whatever be the benefits, 
actual or expectant, of the popular 
circulation of the Bible, eo seductively 
dwelt on by M. D'Aubign^, the Re- 
formation cannot be reckoned among 
its fruits ; for, with a minim deduc- 
tion, the established Protestantism of 
every European state preceded the 
possession of any vernacular transla- 
tion. No other was intelligible to the 
mass of the people, or could, conse- 
quently, have produced the generally 
attributed, but obviously unfounded 
effect, in the absence of the assumed 
cause. Accepting the dates of the po- 
pular versions from the Rev. M. 
Home's " Bibliographical Appendix to 
his Study of the Scriptures," a most 
unobjectionable authority, and com- 
paring them with those to which 
history refers the introduction into 
each state of the Reformation, tlic 
conclusion is indisputable. I mean, 
of course, the whole translated Scrip- 
tures, and not detached portions ; 
although, however circulated, few ne- 
cessarily were the readers j for un- 
frequent, indeed, was the faculty of 
letters, at that period, even in ele- 
mental use, and dear in purchase each 
volume. No English Bible appeared 
in a comparatively cheap or octavo 
form, till 1549; nor could any have 
been previously bought under a price 
equivalent nearly to five pounds of 
present currency, a virtual prohibition, 
rendered more direct by the various 
restrictions of the statute of 3.1d of 
Henry VUL To other generating 
causes, therefore, must beostlgncd llie 
religious outbreak of ''^" ■"••■•■crith 
century. " Reform y uom 

Witliiiv" r\rlnimi-il lli, ' ilflt- 

\v.:: :Wlll 

Im vcn- 

ptanco," a warning n. d t»i 

the court of Rome in . nor 



I 



i 



1843.J 

more oahccdM). The caaacqwoee of 
pttXTSstioalion vu. accoriiag^, 
what tile eiperieoce of wmaa kM r?cr 
encountered. Akoaet flagnat to Ibe 
public eye. aod bjr Boae Bore dc- 
{<lored tbiaB by tbe ties 
of the Charcb, wete toe lo«f i 
to remain oDConeeied. CoaaplaiaU, 
nnreasonab-If oivcrtooked, aooa ootia*, 
to punuit of rcdreas.tlie emriy I 
ctM of ametidiDeot: and tartijr i 
•iona irere epuraed aa forced aad ia- 
tdeqaate, like the demaads of the 
Sibyl, which each •oceeaaJre icAual 
iaflamed. Tbe crisis was alaiwag: 
and tbe fabric of Rooua power aecaed 
threataoed with impeodiogdisaoistioa. 
or tottering on its base. 

" Nindoque grata Mb paadere 

Nee le Roma feteoa." [I^aaa, 

Xaeaa. 8». i. 72. 

Bat a commencnratereactioo quickly 
ai>d «igoallr manifested the promised 
vitality and resurgent preponderance 
of tbe ancient Church, §o iamioously 
unfolded in the elaborate volumes of 
Professor Ranke, and not less attested 
by Mr. Hallam. (Const. Hist. irol. i. 
p. 2'>9.) as tbe result of reformed 
abuses, or amended discipline, effected 
by the Council of Trent. For this 
salutary influence of the Reformation 
eren Catholics cannot deny tbeir 
acknowledgements ; nor can tbey 
object to that rivalry which keeps op- 
ponents on their guard, and dispels the 
supineoess, with its fatal consequences, 
which uncontrolled ascendancy never 
fails to superinduce. " Veroro hic 
nobis certamina n honetlo roaneant," 
(Tacit. Annal. iii. 53,) an exhortation 
fondly repeated, because anxiously 
desired in consummation, by me. 

Lengthened though this discussion 
has been, a few closing words, certainly 
not alien to the subject, will, I trust, be 
still allowed me. Romanitm is now the 
expression affectedly applied to desig- 
nate the incontcstably largest section 
of the Christian community. This 
neologism lately introduced into the 
conventional language of Europe de> 
niands some observations. The term 
Catliolic, which is the subject o( com- 
petition, must here be viewed as solely 
referable to numbers ; for, otherwise, 
theminutcst sect, cvcnthc Mormonltcs 
of America, or the Jumpers, would 
equally pretend to the possession of 




^ 



laiaiT a 



tketillr. 

CiianiiainUr. aLtw i lius to (be IV». 
iMtaamarthc pscBcat day, it auaM 
bace a y piopi i a tri y Mnagri to tke 
Alkipmn. tW WkUiStn. ar Haw. 
'«it»,ot tke middle ago. prdBafaly ta 
tke rait of tke ClinstaB wotd. thoagk 
aataamkcRd aae kaadrcd Cald. 

la Ik* Bdmbargk Bcview for Octo- 
ber 1»«0. page SSS. Mr. Macaaiay 
latad tbe Baaaa C^tboBri " at c*r> 
aot fewer tbaa aae baadrrd 
■ad it will be diS- 
calt." adda tbe Bt. Hoa. rvrirver, 
" to sbew that all the oiber atcu 
Baited aauBat to one bandred mad 
twenty lainions." Tbia proportioa is 
prvtty much coofirmed by Adrieo 
Balbi, in bia great atalittiral work the 
'^ Atlas EduMgrapbiqae," of which 
be comffloaicatcd to me some of the 
earlier pages, and by Malte Rnin, in 
bis Universal Geography, vol. vi. p. 
79; while the English Church does 
not comprise a tithe of the communi- 
cants thns attributed to her elder 
sister, and. in the same ratio, neces- 
sarily loses ber right to the designation 
of Catholic, or, its er|oivaleot, uni- 
versal. Id strict language it cannot 
apply to any distinct communion ; bat 
as Canning, when he proclaimed the 
roused spirit of the universal Spanish 
nation, or any one in common pai lance 
who may allude to a whole people, 
could only mean the great majoril 
this disputed epithet can alone ap{ 
tain to the avowedly preponde 
class of Christians. Weighed aga 
even their combined opponents, 
massive unity of one hundred and 
fil\y millions cannot be denied tbe 
more comprehensive name ; but, if we 
descend to a comparison with the 
minute and multitudinous divisions of 
Protestants, what fractional portion 
can sustain the slightest competition i 
It was this unity, contrasted with the 
infinite divergencies of tbe reformers, 
that influenced the conversion of 
Christina of Sweden, struck with the 
observation of Cicero, (De Naluri 
Deorum. lib. i. cap. 2.) " Quorum 
(philosophorum) opinioucs, cum tarn 
varix sint, tamque inter sc dissidentcs : 
altcrom tleri potest, ut earum nulla, 
alterum certe non potest, ut plus nuk 
vera sit." (Sec Rauko, Piipste, 'I'linl 
viii. ^ 9.) And St. Augustin coioci- 
deotly remarks of himself, " Inquc 



>ple, 

i 



Earldom of Caithness. 



[Sept. 



ilia unitate mens rationalis, Pt natura 
vcriUtis ac summi boni, mihi esu 
videbatur : io ista vero divigione, 
irrationalig vitsc ncscio quam substan- 
tiametnaturamsammi mail opioabar." 
(Confessionum, lib. iv. cap. xv.) 

The Emperor Charles V. Louis XIV. 
or Napoleon, who have been suc- 
cessively arraigned of aiming at uni- 
versal empire, were surely not sup- 
posed to embrace in their ambitious 
views the entire world. Their aspira- 
tionsexteiided not beyond the dominant 
control of Europe, a question of rela- 
tive not absolute rule, universal only 
by comparison, which equally estab- 
lishes the preferable right to this 
Ca//io2t> distinction of the comninnion 
that has ever been so discriminated, 
originally in antagonist relation to the 
Greek, and now to the Protestant 
Church, generally and permissively 
called the Hrformtd, though assuredly 
without any concession of its superior 
purity by the Catholics. These con- 
ventional appcllMives may, therefore, 
be suffered to maintain their accepted 
applications ; but the transfer of the 
comprehen<'ive character to the in- 
finitely minor class, is a gross solecism 
utterly untenable in sense or language. 
The Oxford Puseyites, I find, repudiate 
the name of Protestants, while its 
abolition, we are assured by Mr. Laing, 
(Notes of a Traveller, p. 20,) " has 
nearly destroyed the Protestant religion 
in Germany." 

"Quodfuit inprctio, lit nuilodcniqarhonore; 
Porro alluH succnlil, et c coulemtiliua exit, 
Inque (tics migis tppctitnr, floretqne reper. 
Lsudibus."— [turn • 

^K Yoan. kc. J. R. 

Mr. Ubban, 

AMONGST the genealogical col- 
lections formerly belonging to Douglas 
the peerage writer, and subsequently 
acquired by George Chalmers the 
author of Caledonin, occurs the follow- 
ing letter, which, as correcting a mis- 
take recent writers on gcncalog)- have 
fallen into, may be worthy of ptescrva- 
tioo in the pages of llie Gentleman's 
Magarine. 

• Mr. Wakefield prefers rt^erlvm .• bat 
kc chtnge tt unueccsrary. Uia edition 

l^iMtly inferior to Usvcroonip's, or, 
crbap*, to Creech's. 



"21 January, 1758. Please inform 
Mr. Douglas, that George, who he 
calls the second son to the Eurl of 
Caithness, was his third son. John, 
master of Caithness, was the eldest, 
the second was William, and the third 
was George. William died without 
lawful children. Ulbster's family is de- 
scended of a bastard of William's,* 
and, upon William's death, George 
succeeded to the estate of Mey. The 
contracts of marriage of the family of 
Mey are mostly in his charter chest, 
where it's not easie to find them, and 
a good many of them in processes at 
Edinburgh, which Mr. Budge can 
direct. I think you may venture to 
assure Mr. Douglas that all the 
marriages insert in the note I sent are 
just, and no bastards insert in it : for 
they had not a bastard that was of 
fortune but Ulbstcr, a